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Biographical Record 





Biographical Sketches of Prominent and Representative 

Citizens, and of many of the Early 

Settled Families. 

I L I.U ST K AT E 1 > 


J. H. BEERS & CO. 



30hn morris company, 
. . . Printers. 

w. b. conkey company, 
. . Binders. 



- , *■ > 



THE importance of placing in book form biographical history of represent- 
ative citizens both for its immediate worth and for its value to coming 
generations is admitted by all thinking people; and within the past 
le there has been a growing interest in this commendable means of 
perpetuating biography and family genealogy. 

That the public is entitled to the privileges afforded by a work of this 
nature needs no assertion at our hands; for one of our greatest Americans has 
said that the history of any country resolves itself into the biographies of its 
stout, earnest and representative citizens. This medium, then, serves more than 
a single purpose: while it perpetuates biography and family genealogy, it records 
history, much of which would be preserved in no other way. 

In presenting the Commemobative 1!k>«raphical Record to its patrons, the 
publishers have to acknowledge, with gratitude, the encouragement and support 
their enterprise has received, and the willing assistance rendered in enabling 
them to surmount the many unforeseen obstacles to be met with in the pro 
duction of a work of this character. In nearly every instance the material 
composing the sketches was gathered from those immediately interested, and 
then submitted in type-written form for correction and revision. The volume, 
which is one of generous amplitude, is placed in the hands of the public with 
the belief that it will be found a valuable addition to the library, as well as an 
invaluable contribution to the historical literature of southwestern Pennsylvania. 




-ff^ ^\^U^a-^> %?e_??7c9u<*\j 

Washington Bounty. 

■I ( LIUS,was born Septem 
ber I. i 798, in Washing 
ton, I'l'iin. . where be spent 
his whole life, dy ing there 
October 11. 1879, in his 
£j£V eighty Becondyear. The 
fepS'/ - ' - ' i^C?"* father of Dr. Le Moyne 
was Dr. John Julius Le Moyne, who 
was horn and educated in Paris, 
France. He was a practicing physi 
oian at the beginning of the French 
Revolution in L 790, and came to the 
I aited States with the French colo- 
nists who settled at Gallipolis, Ohio. 
Several years after he came to Wash 
ington, Penn., and in 171)7 married 
Nancy MoCully, who had come over 
from Ireland with her family when a 
little girl. 

The .subject of this memoir was their only child. 
Prom the Scotch-Irish side of the house he de ; 
rived a robust constitution and physical develop 
tnenl that was unusual for strength, activity and en 
durance. As a young man, he had but few equals 
in all the sports that required strength and nerve. 
His school days were spent in his native town, 
where at the age of seventeen he graduated from 
Washington College in the class of 1815. He 
commenced the study of medicine with his father. 
and finished his course in Philadelphia. On his 
return from Philadelphia in the winter, in an old 
fashioned stagecoach, whose flimsy blinds were in- 
sufficient to repel the cold, they stopped, far in the 
night, at one of the hostelries in the mountains, 
which was filled with wagoners who occupied all the 
available space where warmth could be obtained. 
Not being therefore able to stop, the passengers 
were literally packed up to their necks in straw 
within the coach, and started toward Pittsburgh. 

from which Dr. Le Moyne rode to Washington 
on horseback in a most terrible storm. It was 
a dreadful and dangerous ride, and the result 
was that be was so Bei'ioUsly injured by the expos 
urn as to be a chronic Bufferer from rheumatism 
for the rest of his life. He commenced the prac- 
tice of medicine in 1822. Shortly after his return 
from the Fast, he met Miss Madelaine Romaine 
Bureau, at his father's house, who had accompa 
nied her -.ister from Gallipolis in order to receive 
medical treatment. The young Doctor beiugsmit 
ten by the charms of the sprightly young lady, 
thej were married in May, 1823. 

About this time his father Buffered heavy pecu- 
niary losses by bis endorsement for his friends, and 
his house, the present homestead, was sold to meet 
his liabilities. Francis borrowed the money from 
two kind friends, Mr. Alexander Reed and Mr. 
Kerr, who lent him upon his own endorsement, 
and he bought in the house. Thus he started in 
life heavily in debt. In a few years, by hard work 
and the most economical living, he not only paid 
off his own debts, but relieved his father from his 
embarrassments also. Our subject had eight chil- 
dren — three sons and five daughters — all of whom 
are living. Feeling deeply interested in educa 
tion, he early manifested a desire to promote and 
extend its benefits. On April 2, 1830, he was 
elected a trustee of Washington College, in which 
position he remained a prominent and useful mem 
ber until the union of Washington and Jefferson 
Colleges, which occurred in 1865. The Washing- 
ton Female Seminary was established in 1830, and 
the Doctor was one of its earliest and firmest 
friends, and a member of its original board of trust- 
ees, where he worked in company with Alex. 
Reed, Colin M. Reed, T. McK. T. McKennan, John 
H. Ewing, Alex. Sweeney, Jacob Slagle, John L. 
Gow and others. 

The Doctor became interested in the anti-slavery 



question in 1835 or 1836. He had the reputation 
of lining an abb- debater, having a line pre*. 
a good clear voice, a versatile and strongly Belf 

it mind, and, in addition, a How of language 
that made him a very dangerous adversary on the 
platform. On one occasion a young man, an early 
advocate of the anti slavery cause, appeared in 
Washington and injudiciously gave a general chal- 
lenge for a discussion. The challenge was at once 
accepted, and the day fixed for the meeting. The 
challenger expected to have Rev. Dr. Blanchard 
as his champion, but from some mischance the lat- 
ter had left Pittsburgh before the news could 
reach him, and the young man came back himself 
to meet t he engagement with forebodings of de- 
feat. In this dilemma an appeal was made to Dr. 
Le Moyne for assistance, as he was known to be 
fond of intellectual gymnastics and always ready 
for a discussion. The Doctor, however, excused 
himself, had not examined the subject, was not 
prepared. But on being shown the constitution of 
i he A nl i slaver) Society, which was for the most part 
a declaration of the rights of man, he was induced 
lo enter the arena as the champion of the slave. 
J 1 ' rom this time forward he was known as one of 
the most aggressive of the anti slavery party, and 
at the same time an opponent of the American 
i '"Ionization Society, which he believed was estab- 
lished in the interests of American slavery. He 
became so prominent a partizan that in 1S41 he 
was the candidate of the Abolition party for Gov 
ernoi of Pennsylvania. Of course he had no ex- 
pectation of being elected, the object of the cam- 
paign being to create a political balance of power 
that would ultimately control the other parties. 
At the next election, in 1844, he was again the 
candidate, an 1 also in 1847, During the early 
discussion both public and private, upon this ex 
citing subject, there was sometimes manifested an 
intolerance toward him and his party that was 
painful and often oppressive. He was a man, 
however, who was not to lie daunted by any show 
of force. Such was his peculiar mental constitution 
that majorities had no influence upon his judgments 
and actions. He was an original, independent 
thinker, and nothing apparently gave him BO much 
satisfaction as the opportunity to maintain his 
\iews by discussion with a champion whom he con- 
sidered a worthy opponent. After years spent in 
advocating the cause of liberty, he hail the satis 

hi and happiness of seeing the object of his 

greatest hopes accomplished in tl mancipation 

of the slaves of the United States, and indeed in 
almost the whole woi Id 

Having suffered, as. we have already related, a 
severe shock from exposure, Dr. Le Moyne was 
Compelled, when about fiftj five years of age, to 
relinquish the aduous practice of his profes 

real were his Bufferings, which be bore with 

heroic fortitude, that for twenty-nine years he 
never occupied a bed to seek a night's repose. Of 
these matters of personal suffering he was very 
reluctant to speak, preferring to Buffer in silence 
rather than annoy his friends with his griefs which 
he well knew they could not even alleviate. The 
latter portion of his life was devoted to banking, 
farming and the interests of education. He was a 
successful business man, and accumulated con- 
siderable property. As a farmer he was very en- 
thusiastic aud successful. He was one .of the 
original members of the Washington County Agri 
cultural Society, and maintained an active interest 
in it during his whole life. He farmed with 
brains. Being a chemist he understood some 
thing of the relations of plants to soils, aud feilil 
and it was very instructive to listen to his 
theories, which were, in many cases, the result of 
his own observation and experiments. He was one 
of the lirst to appreciate the importance of introduc- 
ing improved sheep, cattle and horses into the coun- 
ty as a means of increasing the natural wealth of 
the people. He left a herd of the finest cattle in 
the State, aud an elegant stock horse of superior 
blood. For years he was a member of a Farmers 
Club, that met in Washington for the comparison 
of views and for the discussion of such topics as 
concerned their peculiar interests. In L866 and 
18b7, as president of the National Wool Growers 
Association, he succeeded in harmonizing the 
views of the manufacturers and producers of wool. 
and as a result their united efforts obtained the 
passage through Congress of the best wool tariff 
law the country has ever had. 

When the erection of the present Town Hall in 
Washington was first talked of, Dr. F. Julius Le 
Moyne offered, if room in the building was given, 
to donate the sum of {10,000 to found a public 
library. When the building project became set 
tied, the offer was accepted, and the two large 
reading rooms with the vault rooms in them were 
set apart for the use of the library. Two thousand 
dollars of the sum donated- was used in making 
fire proof vaults where the books are kept. A like 
sum was set apart to be invested permanently, the 
annual interest thereon to be used in making ad 
ditions of books; the remainder, $6,tMI", has been 
expended in the purchase of the body of the library. 
The Citizens Library Association, in whose charge 
the library is, was incorporated by the court May 
"_'T, L870, upon the petition of Dr. Le Moyne ami 
others. The board of curators is composed of five 
persons: One appointed by the trustees of the col- 
lege: one appointed by the court ; aud three elected 
b\ the people to serve for the term of three years; 
until his death Dr. Le Moyne was a member and 
president of the hoard. No one took a deeper in- 
terest in the matters of the corporation than he, 
aud no one labored more zealously to make it a 

Washington ovh n 


power for good in the community. He diil not 
limit bis labors to devising plans for othe 
carry out, but, of choice, performed much of the 
drudgery himself. The first catalogue which was 
used for years was entirely the work of his heart 
and hand It embraces several thousands of en- 
tries in the work, giving in one place for each 
work the title, name of author, shelf letter and 
number, and in another the name of the author, 
followed by the title, shelf letter and number. In 
doing this he would often write until after mid 
night, and the neat round hand, carefully ma de 
letters and figures show that Dr. LeMoyneslighted 
nothing that came under his eyeorhand. Ee 
often expressed his regret at. the meetings of the 
curators that the work did not go forward more 
rapidly, and even during the last year, when he was 
suffering intensely, expressed his willingness to do 
any work that would fall to him. When he be 
came unable to visit the library, at almost every 
meeting of the hoard he would make inquiry of the 
members as to number and character of thepere tns 
visiting the looms nightly. Particularly was he 
desirous of making the library a place of resorl 
for boys. Be felt that while occupied there, they 
would not only lie out of temptation, but would 
have the opportunity of acquiring useful knowl- 
edge. In selecting books his doubt about approv 
iug a book was remove I by some one saying il 

"was it good book for boys." 1'lie only regret he 
had to express was that the people did not pit 
ionize the library in larger numbers, and that its 
influence was not more extensively felt in tin' com 
miinity. Hut he was never heard to take to him 
self any credit, for his munificent donation which 
breathed into life ami kept on foot the library; on 

the contrary, lie was disposed to assume t hat he 
had done nothing more than the duty he owed as 
a citizen of the community in which he had lived 
all his life. 

About the time that the donation of $10,UUO was 
made for the Citizens' library, the Doctor felt it 
his duty to do something for the elevation of the 
colored people of the South, who had been en 
f ranch ised by the war. He made a donation of 
$20,000 to the American Missionary Society, to be 
used in the erection and support of a colored 
normal school, in which colored people might be 
prepared to be the instructors of their race. A 
portion of this sum was devoted to building, and 
the remainder to the endowment of the institution. 
The site selected was on a bluff in the vicinity of 
the city of Memphis, Tenn. The school proved 
very successful, so much so that the Doctor added 
an additional $5,000 for its equipment. His views 
upon the subject of education were somewhat in 
opposition to the system under which he was 
brought up. In the curriculum of his day. a great 
deal of time was devoted to the study of Greek 

and Latin, very little to natural sciences and still 
less to English literature. The practical bent of 
his mind rebelled against what he deemed a false 
system of instruction, lie was a naturalist by in- 
stinct; a keen observer of all the phenomena of 
nature; a fine practical gardener; a devoted ad- 
mirer of flowers; a close botanical student and en- 
tomologist. These studies so charming to him 
were not taught him in school, and it was a matter 
of regret to'him that they had not been. He in- 
sisted that the study of the ancient classics, for 
the unprofessional students, did not afford an 
equivalent for the time and money spent in their 
ti piisition. With this idea in view he determined 
to endow a professorship in Washington and Jef- 
ferson College. In 187^ he paid to the treasurer 
of the College the sum of $20,000 to endow the 
chair entitled "The Le Moyne Professorship of 
Agriculture and ( lorrelal ive Branches," which chair 
is now filled by Prof. Ed Linton. In July, 1879, 

he made an additional endowment of $20,000 for 

a chair of Applied Mathematics, with an addi- 
tional $1,000 to better equip the said chair and 
the chair of Agriculture. Five hundred of this 
las! $1,000 gift was appropriated by the local 

trustees to purchase In part a set of Ward's Casts, 
which were on exhibition at the Pittsburgh Expo 

AboUt 1875 the Doctor became interested in 
the subject of cremation, and in order to show his 
faith in it as a proper means of disposing of the 
dead, he in 1ST!) built a crematory a short dis 
from town The furnace is but, little more 
in appearance than a large gas retort. Into this, 
when heated, the body is placed and there con- 
BUmed. Forty cremations have taken place in this 
crematory, the first being the remains of Baron 
he Palm, an Austrian, who died in New York, and 
which attracted more attention and newspaper 
comment than any like event since. Dr. Le Moyne's 
wishes in regard to his own remains were carried 
out to the letter, the cremation taking place on 
Thursday, October Hi. 1879. His ashes are buried 
in the crematory lot, marked by a monument of 
granite on which is the following inscription: 




OCTOBER 14, 1879. 


The disease under which he finally succumbed 
was saccharine diabetes. With the eye of a phi 
losopher he watched the progress of the disease 
for nearly six years, a much longer period than is 



osuallj required Eor this malady to complete its 
work. At different periods investigations were 
interesting to himself and bis profession. An an 
topsy showed thai the conclusions arrived at by 
himself were in the main correct. 

And now, in (including these few and hasty 
lines, the question may arise what was the mental 
condition and what was the religious hope of this 
strung intellectual man, as he approached slowly 
but surely the confines which divide the present 
from the spirit world? Before the days of polit- 
ical abolitionism Dr. Le Moyne was a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, but when goaded to 
madness by the oppressions of slavery he felt that 
the church did not come up to what he conceived 
to lie its duty, and he withdrew. Some have sup- 
posed, on account of his withdrawal from the church, 
and from his views on the cremation of the dead, 
that he had cut loose from his Christian moor- 
ing-, aud had drilled away out upon the shoreless 
sea of infidelity. He maintained that the burning 
of the dead was wholly and entirely a secular and 
sanitary measure, altogether outside of any relig- 
ious considerations. The disposal of the dead, 
he maintained, should be made entirely dependent 
upon the safety and comfort of the living. Those 
who knew him best, and were most intimate with 
his views, are very free to assert that he never lost 
confidence in the great doctrine of salvation through 
faith in the merits of the atonement offered by 
the blood of Christ. 

y RACHEL HARDING, retired merchant, re- 
siding in the borough of Washington, was 
born in Maryland in 18-!8, and is descended 
from an English family who had immi- 
grated to that Stale in an early day. Matthew 
Harding, the grandfather, also a native of Mary 
land, was a prominent farmer in that State, and 
died there. 

Joseph Harding, father of our subject, was also 
born in Maryland, where he married Sophia 
young, who died there about the year 1845, 
Twelve children were born to them, live yet living, 
of whom: Vachel is the only one in Washington 
county, Penn. ; Joseph is a farmer in Allen county, 
Ind. ; Edward is a farmer in Alabama; John 
Hersey is a farmer in Allen county. Ind. ; Rebecca 
is married to John Elrichs, and lives in Maryland. 
The father departed this life in 1S7I. in Ohio, 
while on a visit to one of his sons. In his political 
preferments he was an Old -line Whig. 

Vachel Harding received 1ml a limited educa- 

at the subscription schools. At the age of 

fifteen he commenced clerking in a store at Hyatts 

town. M.I., and as he was then learning the trade 

received no salary for his services while there. 

At the age of eighteen years he removed to Union 

town, Penn., where he remained clerking in a dry 
Is store for five j'ears, or until 1851, when he 
came to Washington, this county, and here clerked 
for a short time for William Mills, an old-estab 
lished dry-goods merchant of the place. After- 
ward he went into business in a partnership; then 
for a time carried on business alone, and, later, 
was associated with James Brown in the clothing 
business, at the same time carrying on his dry 
goods department. In 1 St'»4 he gave up the dry 
goods business, and later he carried on a music 
business in Wheeling, W. Va. (but did not move 
from Washington), which after four years he sold 
to Adams & Lucas. After that he purchased a 
coal property, and was engaged in that business 
several years. In 1S88 he retired from active life. 
and is now peacefully enjoying the fruits of his 
industry at his comfortable home on Maiden street, 
Washington, where he has resided since L861. 

Mr. Harding married, October 15, L855, in Wash- 
ington, Annie Le Moyne, daughter of Dr. Francis 
Julius and Madelaine Romaine ( Bureau) Le Moyne. 
the former of whom was born September t. 1798, 
in Washington, this county, and died October 14, 
1879, his wife having preceded him to the grave 
in July. ISTM. To the union of Mr. and Mr- 
Harding were born children as follows: Charles 
V. (is married and lives in Washington, Penn), 
Madeline Sophia, deceased, and Annie, at home. 
Politically Mr. Harding is a Republican, and has 
held several offices of trust; he is uow a trustee of 
Washington and Jefferson College, and of Wash 
ington Female Seminary. He has been a member 
of the M. E. Church for forty years, aud for a long 
period was superintendent of the Sunday school. 
During the war of the Rebellion Mr. Harding sub 
scribed liberally of his means to assist in tilling the 
quota for the army, and also put in a substitute. 
He is a representative self made man, having coin 
menced life quite a poor boy, and presents an il 
lustration of what can be accomplished in business 
life by earnest application, industry and economy. 

ILLIAM L. MILNE, a leading contractor, 
of Washington. The .Milne family, of 
which this gentleman is a conspicuous 
— ' member, have been residents of Scotland 
for many generations, and trace theii 
lineage back to one Robert Milne, whose son, 
I "avid, married and reared a family of children as 
follows: Jennie. Jessie, Robert, David, James and 
one whose name has not been ascertained. The 
early ancestors followed farming, but the sons of 
the family just enumerated were for the most part 

David Milne, one of these sons of Robert Milne, 
began a "life on the ocean wave" at the early age 
of ten years, and devoted his entire life to his 



chosen vocation. He sailed around the world 
twice, and was a Bbip captain for over twenty years. 
In 1838 he was united in marriage with Annie. 
daughter of David Scott, who is supposed to have 
been a lineal descendant of the old Scott family. 
Five children were born to David Scott, viz.: 
Alice, Peter, James, David and Annie (the latter 
of whom was born in 1S19 and died in 1^72). 
David and Annie (Scott I Milne settled in Tayport, 
Kifeshire, Scotland, and three children were born 
to their union: James (now a resident of Chicago, 
where he was vice president of the Board of Trade I : 
Annie (living in Scotland, widow of Thomas Prim 
rose), and \\ illiam L. 

William L. Milne was bom March It), 1853, in 
Tayport, Scotland, and received an elementary 
education in his native country. Following bis 
father's example, the lad was eager to begin life 
for himself in his boyhood. His elder brother had 
emigrated to America, and Bent back enthusiastic 
descriptions of the New World, which tired the 
youthful imagination of the then thirteen yeai 

hoy. He tOO must go to this wonderful country, 
and he too would win fame and fortune in the 
" Land of the free and the home of the brave." 
Doubtless his mind was tilled (as in the case of 
mi. .si boys of his age) with roseate visions of the 
future, destined to be crushed by tin- stern realities 
of a hard life in a strange land, far from friends 
and home. But underneath the wild and in 
sible boyish dreams lay a firm resolve, a determi- 
nation and strength of purpose, inherited from the 
sailor father, who had chosen his life in his child- 
ish years. The parents at length recognized the 
fact that the boy was not cherishing a mere whim 
or fancy, which would be crushed out by harsh ex- 
perience, but a fixed resolution that must guide 
and determine his future life. So they consented 
to his journey, and one morning he bade fat 
to the land of his birth — a little choking in his 
throat as the " goodbye " worxls were spoken, one 
last look at the dear home fapes, the bonny hills of 
Scotland — and was fairly launched on his new 
life with the parting words of his father ringing 
in his ears: "Take good care of yourself; keep 
olean and good company." 

After landing in America the young aspirant 
went to Pittsburgh. Penn., where his brother was 
living, and bound himself out to his trade, under 
Col. D. B. Morris, colonel of the One Hundred and 
First P. V. I., and then came the test of his pur- 
poses, a trial to which many an older person would 
have yielded, and giving up their projects, have 
returned to the parental roof. Homesick and dis- 
couraged he certainly was. and so nearly van- 
quished by that discouraging feeling that within 
three weeks from the date of landing in the country 
of his dreams, the homesick boy would have given 
all he possessed (in reality the small sum of $10) 

to return to his dear old Scotland. lie must go 
home. In desperation he started to walk to New 
York, and getting as far as East Liberty, Penn., 
he asked a man how much farther it was to New 
York. He thought if he could reach that oitj lie 
might be able there to secure passage to Scotland 
on some ship in the capacity of cabin boy; but this 
man took him to a friendly Scotchman, who knew 
< ..I Morris, and he advised the lad to return to 
his work. The little fellow rallied once more, and 
returning to his patron, devoted his days to the 
duties of his apprenticeship, and in order to com 
ids education attended night school. lie had 
laid his plans with wisdom far beyond Ins years. 
determining to become a master mechanic, and un- 
able to succeed b\ easier methods he concluded to 
bind himself out as a four years' apprentice. At 
that time he was the only "bound boy "in the 
oitj of Pittsburgh, but in that way he learned all 
the various parts of his trade, receiving fro. 
to $8 per week during the latter part of his ap 
prenticeship. At the end of four years he had 
saved $300 from his wages, and was. moreover, an 
expert workman, a master of his vocation. lust 
as he stood on the threshold of success at last, 
he fell sick with typhoid fever, and the $300, so 
hardly earned and carefully saved, was swept away 
by the expenses incurred in his illness. But 
health returned, and with the old heroic spirit of 
perseverance the young man in 1872 began busi 
ness at Washington. Washington Co., Penn. From 
that date Fortune, who had so persistently frowned 
upon the struggling youth, began to shower upon 
him her richest smiles, seeming at last to realize 
that here was a spirit deserving of sympathy and 
encouragement. "It never rains but it pours," 
and no sooner was his financial success assured 
than other dreams became a reality. Love crowned 
the young man's life, and in 1873 he was married 
to Flora E . daughter of the Rev. J. S. Baldwin, 
of Amity. Atuwell township, this county, whose 
father is yet living in Iowa, aged over ninetv years. 
Mrs. Milne is a sister of W. C. Baldwin, of Wash- 
ington. Penn. Three children have been born to 
the union of William L. and Flora E. Milne, viz. : 
Gertrude, Annie Elizabeth Scott and Florena May, 
all of whom are residing at the parental home. 
Mr. Milne has a beautiful home on North avenue 
and Beau street, and the dwelling is adorned by a 
handsome stucco ceiling of his own making. In 
1882 he visited the " old country." and again in 
1891, on which occasion he took his family with 
him, and made a visit to his father, who is yet liv- 
ing in Scotland, now in his seventy-sixth year. In 
politics Mr. Milne is a Repnblican, and he is a 
member of the East Washington council. In re- 
ligious faith he is a member of the Methodist 
Protestant Church; socially he is a member of the 
Royal Arcanum. Among the worthy and notable 



citizens of Washington, none have better desi 
success than has the subject of tins Bketch, as no 
one will question who knows the history of his 
early struggles. 

IfAMES M M< Bl RNEY, a rising young attor 
^ I ney of Washington, Well versed in civil law 

f J which is his s] ial practice, is B native of 

the borough, born March 7, 1858. His 
great grandfather, •lames McBurney, married 
Martha McGoffin, and they had six children, 
viz.: Mary (Mrs. John McAuley), Alexander, Jo 
seph, lames. Martha (Mrs James Matthews) and 
Jane (Mrs. John Gillespie). Of these, James, who 
was a native of Washington county, married and 
had children, as follows: Fbeuezer. James. Joseph, 
Eliza (Mrs. Hawkins), Martha (Mrs. Watsoo), 
Sarah (Mrs. Thompson, of Mercer county), and 
Catherine (Mrs. (ianlt. also of Mercer county i. all 
dead except Mrs. Thompson and Mrs. Gault. 
Their father was an officer in the Pennsylvania 
Militia, and died many years ago on his farm in 
South Strabane towuship, now owned by the 
Zediker family. 

Ebenezer McBurney was born in 1814, in Mer 
cer county, and was educated in the subscription 
schools of the locality of his birth. He learned 
and worked at the trade of carpenter in Washing 
ton, where he put up many buildings; later in life 
he, was employed in moving buildings, at which he 
was considered, in his day, quite an expert. Some 
years before his death, which occurred September 
12, 18S'), when he was seventy-five vears of age, 
he gave up working at his trade. He was a kind- 
hearted, generous man too confiding, over liberal 
with his means, and, through giving bailment for 
others, lost a large part of his hard-earned estate. 
He was a Democrat until the breaking out of the 
Civil war, when he went over to the Kepulican 
party. He was too old to go to the war. mon 
had broken his leg by falling off a barn, but he 
served as provost-marshal for his district: was also 
private detective for the county, under Ralph Mc 
Connell and J. F. Taylor, district attorneys. Berv 
ing as such six years. At one time he was a 
member of the old Seceder Church, but having 
joined the I. 0. O. F.. he was dismissed from the 
church. He married Mary, daughter of Thomas 
Maxwell, who came from Wheeling, W. Ya., to 
Washington where he (Maxwell) worked at his 
trade, that of hatter. Eleven children were born 
to this union: Helen, wife of Joseph Shaw, in 
Houstonville, Chartiers township; Samuel F., on a 
stock farm in Texas; John F.. on the old homestead 
in South Strabane township; Alexander F.. a dentist 

in Canonsburg, this county; Ja s M. , our subject; 

M .. a farmer in Belmont county, Ohio; 
Kate M., wife of George M. Haldeman, of Wash 

i gton; two daughters, Mary and Margaret, who 
died at the age of sixteen and twenty one respect 
ively; and two that died in infancy. The par 
ents are both deceased, the mother having passed 
away six months before the father. 

James M. McBurney received his primary edu 
cation at the schools of the neighborhood, and then 
1 1 875) entered the preparatory department of Wash 
ington and Jefferson College, graduating in 1 V >1 

in the classical i rse. After leaving college he 

taught one year as principal, in McKeesporl 
Academy, being associated with Rev. Robert M 
Rus6ell, who now has charge of a F. 1'. Church 
in Pittsburgh, East End. Returning to Washing- 
ton, Mr. McBurae] commenced the study of law 
with Hon. H. J. Vankirk, finishing under John W. 
Donnan, and was admitted to the bar of Washing 
ton county, April '_'7, IMSo, since when he has 
been in the continuous practice of his profession in 
the borough. In 1889 Mr. McBurney was united 
in marriage with Miss Annie S., daughter of J. B. 
Reekers, of Washington, and one child, Louise l; . 
has come to cheer their home. Our subject has 
been a member of the F. P. Church since 1876, is 
a deacon in the same, and a teacher in the Sabbath 
school. He is a Republican, but does not allow 
politics to interfere with his business, which com- 
mands all his time, and receives his diligent 

(ILLIAM MARTIN, president of the 
First National Bank of Canonsburg, is 

the only living representative of his 
— ' branch of the Martin family in Washing- 
ton county ; he is a native of the same. 
born December 1*, 1821, on a farm in North Stra 
lane township He is a son of Samuel and Mary 
(McNary) Martin, the former of whom was a son 
of James Martin, a native of Scotland, who immi- 
grated to this country at a very early period, set 
fling in York county, Penn, : the latter a daughter 
of David McNary, of Cross Creek township. Wash 
ington county, same State. 

Samuel Martin, great-grandfather of our sub 
ject, emigrated from Scotland with his son James, 
and was the first of the famih to come to York 
county, where he followed fanning and died. He 

had one daughter, and three sons — Andrew. Peter 

and James- nf whom Peter and James came to 
Washington county in 1804. James had married 
Margaret McNary, in York county, and the chil- 
dren born to them there were Samuel, Esther 
(Mrs. Joseph McNary), Isabella (Mrs. John (' 
Banna), Margaret (Mrs. David Templeton), all 
now deceased. The father of this family was born 
in 1763 and died in 1853, aged ninety years, the 
mother passing away when the subject of this 
sketch was a little i ., |J 



Samuel Martin, father of William, was burn in 
1790, in York county, Penn., and received his 
education at the subscription schools of Ins locality 
daring a few weeks in winter time, the remainder 
of the year being devoted to learning the practical 
lessons of agricultural pursuits. On the death of 
his father he came into possession of the homestead 
in North Strabane township, Washington county, 
and il may be here stated that the land was origi- 
nally patented by the Government to one Janus 
McCready, from whom it was afterward purchased 
by the Martin family. : ' was found on thi 
homestead farm in 1887, and nine wells have been 
sunk ou it. All were producers; two when the oil 
gave put were sunk deeper and made gas wells; 
these were piped to Pittsburgh bj Jones & 
Laughlin, and are still producers. After his mai 
riage with Mary McNary, in 1812, Samuel Martin 
made a final settlement on the old farm in North 
Strabane township, carrying on general farming 
till the time of his retirement to Canonshurg. 
where he died in 1878, aged eighty-eight years. 
His wife, a native of Washington county, I'enn., 
died one year later, at the age of eighty-nine years, 
They were active members of the Cliartiers United 
Presbyterian Church. Their family consisted of 
t. ii children: Esther (now the widow of B. M. 
Crouch, of Mansfield. Ohio), Margaret (deceased 
wife of Judge McCarroll, of Washington county. 
Penn), Sarah (widow of Robert Rowen, residing 
near Venice, Hanover township. Washington Co., 
Penn.), James (who removed many years ago to 
the vicinity of Mansfield. Ohio), John and David 
(who died when small children), William (subject), 
Isabelle (Mrs. Ross Taggart, of Beaver county, 
Penn.), Isaac (a farmer near Indianola Iowa) and 

Eliza Jane (residing at the old home in tl I 

North Strabane township, this county) 

William Martin, the subject proper of thi< 
memoir, waB reared on the farm where he was 
born, and received his rudimentary education at 
the primitive subscription schools of the neighbor- 
hood, afterward attending Jefferson College, Can- 
onsburg, several years, and then returned to the 
farm which he has since conducted with well- 
earned success. He taught school one term in the 
county. On April 24. 1850, Mr. Martin married 
Mary A. Houston, of Lowellville, Ohio, daughter 
of Hon. David Houston, who for several years 
served as State senator on the Democratic ticket. 
Mr. and Mrs. Martin have two children: David 
Houston, who graduated from Wilmington College, 
and is now practicing law in Pittsburgh, and Samuel 
Albert, a Presbyterian minister, now professor of 
theology at Lincoln University, in Chester county, 
Penn. In 1873 Mr. Martin moved into the borough 
of Canonsburg to educate his children, and has 
since made his home here, in the West Ward. He 
and his wife are members of the United Presby- 

terian Church, in which he has been an elder forty 
vears. Politically he has been an influential 
Republican since the organization of the party, 
but is no partisan. He has served as school di 
rector for some time. Mr Mart in is will pros, 
for his years, and is of an active, social and hos 
pitable disposition. 

QEORGE SCOTT HART was born in the City 
of Pittsburgh, Penn.. on the 29th of July, 
lS'Jt. Hewa8the son of John and Susatiali 
(Han) Hart, both of whom were descended 
from Scotch-Irish ancestry, When the sub 
j.i-t of this notice was but four years old, the family 
removed to Burgettstown, Washington Co., Penn., 
aud four years later settled at Washington, Penn. 
In the latter town George grew to manhood, ami 
in it spent the remainder of his life. He received 
his primary education in the private schools then 
in existence, and in 1888 be entered the Washing 
ron College, in the same town, as a student, from 
which institution he wa> graduated in the class of 
ISI'2, when he had scarcely entered his nineteenth 
year. Several of his classmates rose to places of 
high distinction. Among them were Caleb Bald 
win. who became Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Iowa; J. Kennedy lining, afterwards 

President Judge of the Fourteenth Judicial Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania; Rev. Franklin Moore, an 
eminent as well as eloquent minister of the Metb 
odist Episcopal Church. 

After leaving college the subject of this no 
was engaged in teaching for two years, one as a 
private tutor in Accomac county. Va.. and one in 
the public school at Prosperity, in Washington conn 
ty, Penn. Afterward he entered the office of John 
L. Gow, Esq., a prominent lawyer of Washington, 
Penn., as a law student, and in August, 1846, after 
due examination, he was admitted as a member of 
the Bar of Washington county. The same year be 
was appointed Deputy Attorney General, to fill a 
vacancy. When that ollice afterward became 
elective, he was nominated for the place by the 
Democratic Convention, and at the ensuing elec- 
tion obtained a majority of the votes cast, and was 
commissioned for the full term of three years. 
During his term of office several very important 
criminal trials took place, in all of which it was 
demonstrated that he was an able and fearless 

In May, 1S53. he acquired an interest in the 
Washington Examiner, a weekly newspaper, and 
for three years he was its principal editor. Tiring 
of journalism, he disposed of his interest in the 
newspaper in 1856, after the close of the Presi- 
dential campaign, and thenceforward until his fatal 
illness his time and energies were devoted to his 
chosen profession. In 1876, without opposition, 



he was Dominated for the office of President Judge 

• >f the Twi'iii Judicial District of Peifb 

sylvania, by the Democratic Convention, and the 
mention's action was ratified by the voters of 
Districi al the general' election held in Nfovem 
ber of fchal year He was duly commissioned, and 
served for a term of ten years from the first Mon 
day < > f January, 1877. Judge Hurl also served, 
previous to his elevatiou to the Bench, as a member 
of the School Board of Washington for some 
twelve years, more than ten of which he act i 

After the death of his father, in 1859, Mr. Hart 
assumed the headship of the family, oaring, and 
abundantly providing, for his mother daring her 
declining years. By his unselfish exertions and 
personal sacrifices, the old home was saved for his 
brothers and sisters, and they remained together 
until circumstances brought aboul changes in the 
family circle. He was the family counsellor, men 
tor and friend, and his chief aim through life was 
to make them happy. 

Such is a brief sketch of the life of a good man. 
He died at his home, near Washington, on the 1 5tb 
of Slay, 1888, surrounded by grief- stricken rela- 
tives ami several of his sorrowful neighbors. Two 
>\;\y* after his body was laid away by the side of 
kindred dust in the Washington Cemetery, to 
await the resurrection of the just. 

THOMAS MoKENNAN, M. D., a well-known 
prominent and successful physician of Wash- 
ington county, was born May 21, 1825. in 
the house where he at present resides in the 
borough of Washington. 
In 1800 the first of the family came to Wash- 
ington county in the person of Col. William Mc 
Keunan. a merchant, who was born in 1758 at 
New Castle, Del., a son of Rev. William Mc- 
Kennan. a prominent Presbyterian minister, who 
had a church for fifty years in Wilmington. Del. ; 
he came to America about the year 1730, and died 
in Delaware, where he had settled. Col. McKennan 
at a very early date came from Delaware to West 
Virginia, to what is now Wellaburg, later moving 
to Washington. He was present at the battle of 
Brand} wine, in 1777, where he received a wound, 
from the effects of which he died, and he spent 
the memorable winter at Valley Forge. He mar 
ried Elizabeth, a daughter of John Thompson, a 
prominent citizen of Brandywine Hundred, in 
Delaware, and a niece of Thomas McKean, a mem 
ber of (lie first Congress from Delaware, who later 
came to Pennsylvania, of which State he became 
governor; he was one of the Signers of the ''Dec- 
laration of Independence." Col. William Mc- 
Kennan and his family moved to Charlestowo, Va. 
W. Va ), from there to West Middletowo, 

this county, and finally, in 1801, to the borough of 
Washington, where he died in January, 1810, his 
widow in 1839, at the age of seventy-eight years. 
The children born to them were si-veu in number, 
a- follows: William, John, Thomas McR. T., 
David. Ann. Rev. James W. and one that died in 
infancy, unamed. 

Hon. Thomas McK. T. McKennan, the third son 
of Col. William McKennan. was born in 1794, in 
Newcastle county. Del., and received Ids primary 
education in the private schools at Washington 
When sixteen years old he graduated from Wash 
ington College, in the second ebts^. there being 
three members in that class. Immediately there 
after he began the study of law under Parker 
Campbell, an attorney of Washington borough, 
and November 7, 1^1 t, at tin: age of twenty one, 
was admitted to the bar. and he at once commenced 
to build up his remarkable career. The year after 
his ai i he succeeded Waller Forward as 

deputy attorney-general of the county, serving in 
that capacity until 1817; and his rise at, the bar 
was rapid and honorable, the front in his profea 
sion being maintained throughout his life. The 
degree , of LL, D. was conferred on him by Jeffer 
sou College. In 1§31 Mr. McKennan becan 

f the House of Representatives of the 
Doited States, remaining in Congress four terms, 
and declining re-election on account of his urgent 
professional work at home. In 1842, however, a 
vacancy occurring in the House through the demise 
of Joseph Lawrence, Mr. McKennan yielded to the 
solicitations of his party, and the public demand, 
and served the balance of the term. He was 
chairman of the committee of the whole for two 
mouths, in the first session of that year, and 
during his incumbency rendered powerful aid to 
the more important industries of the country. In 
1M" lie was chosen a Presidential elector, and in 
1848 he was made president of the Pennsylvania 
Electoral College. In 1850 he was called by Presi- 
dent Fillmore to the position of Secretary of the 
Interior; but for various reasons he had no liking 
for the office, and a few weeks after his appoint 
meiit he resigned and returned to his more genial 
home. Soon after this he became president of the 

Hempfield Railroad Company, and while attending 
to its affairs died July 9, 1852, at Reading, Penn. 
Mr McKennan had entered Washington Col- 
lege at a very earlv age. and passed through the 
entire curriculum. In February, 1813, he was 
appointed tutor of ancient languages, in which 
capacity he served eighteen months; in April. 1818, 
he w. a member of the college corporation, 

continuing as such up to the day of his death, a 
period of thirty-four years. For several years be 
held the position of adjunct professorof langu. 

The life of Mr. McKennan was oi f the purest 

probity, and among the gala.w of distinguished 



him the eyes of many in different places. Among 
other invitations received by him was a call to the 
presidency of Centre College, at Danville, Ky., and 
the trustees of Dickinson College also desired him 
to till a similar position. As pastor of I he church 
in Washington he remained until 1822, when lie 
resigned this charge, having accepted the presi- 
dency of Jefferson College, at Canonsbur^' 

At this period an incident occurred — an incident, 
perhaps, unprecedented in college history. It was 
the night before the college commencement day, 
and at a late hour, that the trustees of Jefferson 
College elected Dr. Brown to till the presidential 
chair which had shortly before become vacant. 
For various reasons it was necessary that the pies 
ident-elect should immediately enter upon the 
duties of his otlice. So, early the next morning, 
while he was yet in lied, a committee waited upon 
loin, and, having urged him to accept the position, 
managed to have him brought, before breakfast, to 
Canonsburg, where he took the oath of office, and 
at U o'clock presided over the commencement ex 
eivises, conferred the degrees upon the graduates, 
and then delivered his Baccalaureate address. 
Thus was the last Wednesday of September. 1822, 
a memorable day in Cauousburg. marking, as it 
does, the crisis and dawn of the true glory of Jef 
ferson College. To the students and friends of this 
(■"liege the event was one of great joy, and was 
h.olod as an omen of prosperity. It was an event 
from which untold blessings and benefits have de- 
scended, not only upon the college and its hun- 
dreds of students, but ujwn thousands of the hu- 
man race to whom through them Dr. Brown be- 
came, under God, by his pre eminent capacities for 
government and instruction, ami by his piety and 
prayers, a benefactor of the highest ordei to which 
humanity can attain. 

Under the administration of Dr. Brown, a 
period of twenty three years, the college advanced 
rapidly in its glorious career. Never wa- there, 
perhaps, a more popular or a more successful 
president. He was peculiarly gifted with quali- 
ties of head and heart that secured the respect and 
affection of the students, both while under his 
care and in after life. To him the pious students 
were warmly attached, and by the wildest- and 
most reckless he was respected and venerated. In 
him special eccentricities and the reaction of mirth 
and depression were joined with a vigorous intel- 
lect, clear judgment, quick discernment, good 
sense, ardent piety and untiring energy. In him 
opposites blended most remarkably. His nature, 
indeed, was marked by all those characteristics 
which make a great leader and commander. Being 
of a nervous temperament, and quick in thought 
aud action, his impetuosity sometimes led him 
into mistakes, but he always managed to get every- 
thing right again without losiug the respect of 

others or his own authority. He certainly was the 
most remarkable man, in his day, for the posses- 
sion of qualities apparently the most compatible, 
but strangely and happily balancing each other. 
Though an eccentric man, never was eccentricity 
more completely governed by good sense and sound 
judgment. His very personal and mental pecul 
iarities contributed greatly to his usefulness, and 
the success of the college over which he so long 
and efficiently presided. While at times he was 
impulsive and variable in temper, he never lost his 
dignityj and the reigns of government never hung 
loosely in his hands. But whatever were his 
peculiarities and eccentricities, he was a man of 
God. whose personal piety was of the highest 
order. The religion of Christ was his meat ami 
drink, in which lie found all his springs of hope 
and power, light and rest. No matter from what 
book he was giving instruction, the students felt, 
that they were sitting under a religious teacher. 
As evidence of this, of the 770 students who were 
graduated under him, Hod became ministers of the 
Gospel. Frequently, during his presidency, there 
were great revivals of religion, which were attrib 
uted, under God, to his faithful, earnest preach- 
ing, aud to his conversations and prayers with the 
students in their rooms. He was pre eminently a 
man of prayer. Often would the student- hear 
him in the arbor of his garden, in the . n miner 
nights, when he thought all human ears we. 
closed, praying for hours, beginning his entreaties 
with sighs and tears, and ending his devotions 
with the song of triumph. The distinguishing 
trait in his Christian life was that it was a life of 
communion with (io, I. Of him it mi^'ht truly be 
said, "He prayed without ceasing." To the mem 
bers of the family his wife would ofteu say 
"Mr. Brown spent the whole night in prayer." 
This was the secret' of the wonderful outpouring of 
God's Spirit again and again upon the college. 
People are astonished at the multitudes of minis 
ters and missionaries who have gone forth from 
Jefferson College. Here is the secret. There was 
a wrestling Jacob in the presidential chair who 
said to the God of Israel, "I will not let Thee go, 
except Thou bless me." The fact that he was a 
man who was constantly praying held the students 
in awe, and threw around him a sacred atuios 
phere, and to his prayers is to be attributed much 
of his usefulness when alive, aud his permanent 
influence when dead. 

Another prominent feature in the character of 
Dr. Browu was his unwavering and profound con- 
viction of the truths of the Bible. So confident 
was he that the Bible would take care of itself 
that he feared not the newest and most popular 
forms of infidelity, nor had he any apprehensions 
lest the camp of Israel would be disturbed by the 
discovery of ancient manuscripts and historical 



records. With hiun for their teacher, the students, 
no matter what had been their early training, 
learned to respect the Gospel without knowing 
how opposition was disarmed and infidelitysilenced. 
In the history of the Jefferson College class of 
1830, written thirty years after the members were 
graduated, Rev. Dr. J. J. Marks, the author, thus 
refers to their president, Dr. Brown: 

In him we all recognized the Christian, but still a mail 
of like passions with ourselves; honest, impulsive and 
variable in temper, all the hues of his character, and the 
many sides of hi- mind were fully displayed. We felt 
thai here was a man, who, though far in advance of us, 
was ready to help us, for our infirmities were his, and 
we saw the scars of yet unhealed wounds of battle, aud 
we learned in a thousand ways that he never forgot the 
weaknesses of youth, nor the conflicts of manhood. 

In manner he was eminently courtly and urbane, with 
thai ease and tact which i- only gained by associating 
with the world, am] conversing with refined aud culti- 
vated minds. He walked among men after the manner 
of Socrates, talking with all. learning from all, showing 
sympathy with the poorest, listening with the rapt inter- 
est of a boy to the stories of their adventures aud jour- 
neys, lie had an epicurean pleasure in rare characters, 
for they amused him and gratified his taste for the hu- 
morous and the graphic. His own conversational talent 
wasol the highest order, humorous, sprightly ami descrip- 
tive, thus making his words instructive and fascinating. 
In his conversation he threw open the treasure- of years, 
gathered from reading, observation and converse with 
the great and good. I have beard many talkers, but none 
that excelled l>r. Brown, none that equaled him in depth 
of tone and moral value of conversation. His face was a 
wonderful spectacle and a deep study. We have watched 
him in the class room and in the chapel for hours with 
unwearied interest, for the whole world seemed to be in 
his face. We not only listened to him. but we studied 
him. We had reason to be grateful for the nice adjust- 
ment of his religious character and teachings. Deeply 
anxious for our spiritual welfare, he led us to the Savior 
whom lie loved. Surely the students who received from 
him the religious impressions which ripened into peni- 
tenceand faith, must look back to those year- with an 
interest which can m ver lade. The remembrance of hi- 
wisdom and integrity is among the -most precious heri 
lages of the soul. 

For several years after lie moved to Canonsburg 
lie preached alternate Sabbaths with Dr. McMillan 
in the Chartiers Church, of which the latter min- 
ister was the pastor, but in 18S0 a congregation 
was organized in the town in connection with the 
college, which enjoyed his pastoral and pulpit 
labors until the year 1845 when, on account of 
feeble health, he resigned the presidency of Jeffer- 
son College". 

Of the power and influence of Dr. Brown many 
pages might be written, but want of space limits 
us in writing this sketch While he was president 
of Jefferson College, an additional building was 
erected, and through his efforts most of the neces- 
sary funds for this purpose were raised. In re- 
spect to his whole career as president of Jefferson 
College, it can be truly said that it was an auspi- 
cious day for that institution when he was chosen 
to stand at its head. The people of Washington 

were not insensible to the loss they had sustained 
by the removal of Dr. Brown to Canonsburg. Ac- 
cordingly, about six years after he had left Wash- 
ington, he received a united call from the congre- 
gation and college to return to his former position 
there as pastor and president. But though greatly 
attached to the church which he had served for sev- 
enteen years, and though the college which had 
sprung into existence under his hand made a 
strong appeal to his sympathies, he finally decided 
to remain at Canonsburg, much to the gratifica- 
tion of the people of that place, and all the friends 
of Jefforson College. For a number of years 
after his retirement from the college and church 
at Canonsburg, he embraced every favorable op 
portuuity of jiroaching the Gospel to his fellow- 
men, in which work he took great delight. Not 
withstanding hi- growing infirmities he continued 
to preach until near the close of his life. On Jul\ 
29. 1853, he died at the age of seventy -seven 
years. The funeral services were held at Canons 
burg, but the body was laid to rest beside his 
loved ones in Washington. In both towns there 
was every demonstration of respect aud sorrow. 
Stores were closed and many a face was wet with 
tear.- In person Dr. Brown was tall and slender, 
with a thin and narrow face which usually bore a 
bright and animated expression. His movements 
were rapid, and his manner of walking, and the 
way he handled his cane would attract the atten- 
tion of a stranger. His mind was of a high order, 
and was especially adapted to abstract metaphysical 
inquiries. He had a keen sense of the ludicrous, 
and his sayings at times were full of wit. His 
heart was generous and open, and with a spirit of 
bene\olencr his delight was in making others 
happy, and in giving liberally of his means to 
the poor and needy. In social circles he was 
the master spirit, being gifted with tine conversa 
tional power- and having in store a large fund of 
knowledge As a minister he was one of the most 
effective preachers in the country. Asa Christian 
he was a man of liberal views and feelings. Though 
a Presbyterian in principle and practice, his Chris- 
tian sympathies were as wide as the world. His 
moral courage was great, possessing as he did a 
spirit which would not have faltered at the sight 
of Nebuchadnezzar's furnace, and yet his faith in 
religion was often like that of a little child. As a 
scholar he ranked among the first, and was honored 
with the degrees of Doctor of Divinity and Doctor 
of Laws. 

Before closing, a few words must l>e added re 
garding his domestic relations; he was twice mar 
ried — first in 1804 to Miss Mary Blaine, of Cum 
berland county. Penn., who died in 1818, leaving 
two children: one of them was the Rev. Dr. Alex- 
ander Blaine Brown, who two years after his 
father's resignation succeeded him as president of 



Jefferson College. The other was Elizabeth, the 
estimable and talented wife of Rev. D. H. Riddle, 
D. D. , who also became president of the same in- 
stitution. In 182-") Dr. Brown was married to 
Mary W. Ferguson, widow of Rev. Mr. Backus 
Wilbur. She died in 1838, leaving one daugh 
tar, Susan Mary, the wife of Mr. Henry M. 
Alexander, a prominent lawyer in New York 
City, one of the well-known Princeton family of 
Alexanders, and son of the first professor in the 
Princeton Theological Seminary. This daughter 
inherits her father's talents and many excellent 
traits. She is an earnest worker in the church, de- 
votes much time in laboring for the good of others, 
an I gives freely of her means to charitable objects. 


Lvy D. D This eminent Presbyterian minister 

V and educator is, alike by birthright ami 

Is —* character, entitled to a prominent place in 

v this volume. 

He was the only son of Rev. Matthew Brown, 
D. I)., LL. D., and was born in Washington, Penn., 
Angust 1, 1808. His mother's maiden name was 
Mary Blaine, daughter of Alexander Blaine, of 
Cumberland county, Penn., who was commissar} 
general of Pennsylvania in the time of the Revolu- 
tion, and was distinguished for his self-sacrificing 
patriotism. In the son, Alexander B Brown, were 
blended the mental talents and mental vigor of his 
father, and the mild, gentle disposition of his 
mother. In 1822 his father having been elected 
president of Jefferson College at Canonsburg, 
Penn., young Alexander became a student of that 
institution, from which he was graduated in 1825, 
at the age of seventeen years. While at college 
he represented the Pbilo Literary Society as their 
champion in orator)* at one of the annual contest-, 
Ha\ ing taught for some time in classical schools 
in Newark, Del., and Princeton, N. J., he entered, 
in 1828, the Western Theological Seminary at 
Allegheny, Penn., and was licensed to preach by 
the Presbytery of Ohio, October 5, 1831. After 
two years of ministerial work in Virginia, where 
he declined several offers to settle as a pastor, he 
returned to his native State in 1833, and took 
charge of the Birmingham Church, now known as 
the First Presbyterian Church of Pittsburgh, 
South Side. Here he was successful in securing 
a commodious house of worship. A year later he 
became pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Niles, 
Mich., when he soon was recognized throughout 
the State as one who had an education and mind 
of a high order. In May, 1839, he was called to 
the Presbyterian Church of Portsmouth, Ohio, 
where he labored with great success until April, 
1841, when, having accepted a professorship in 
Jefferson College, he came to Canousburg. At 

the same time he took charge of the congregation 
of Centre Church, a few miles east of the town. 
To this congregation he ministered until 1845, 
when he was called to the pastorate of Chartiers 
Church, which is about one mile south of Canons 

Rev. Dr. Robert J. Breckinridge, who had suc- 
ceeded Dr. Matthew Brown as president, at the end 
of two years resigned his office. It became a 
grave (juestion with the trustees as to who should 
be chosen to fill the place of that brilliant man. 
Several prominent names were suggested, but the 
trustees, appreciating the talents and worth of their 
modest professor, Alexander B. Brown, unanimous- 
ly elected him president of the college. When 
informed of his election, he was greatly surprised, 
and most earnestly remonstrated against it, as he 
entirely distrusted his own qualifications. But 
liis love for the institution would not permit him 
to decline the trust so strongly pressed upon him, 
and he accepted the position. It was the desire 
of the trustees that he should be inaugurated the 
same evening while they were present, which gave 
him but an hour or two to prepare for the occasion. 
To a friend he said that when he was being es- 
corted to the college, he felt like one going to the 
gallows rather than to a scene of triumph. The 
oath of office having been administered, he made 
an address which lor eloquence and pathos was 
unequaled, during which there was scarcely a dry 
eye in the audience. 

Many of the friends of Dr. A. B. Brown, know- 
ing the sensitive delicacy of his disposition, and 
his habit of shrinking from publicity, feared that 
his fine qualifications as a professor would fall 
short of the more heroic and rugged demands of 
the presidency. But their mistake was most hap 
pily demonstrated in the actual development under 
pressure of duty, which soon showed him to be a 
model governor, as well as an instructor. His 
power over the students was wonderful. His ruin 
gled suavity and firmness, together with their un- 
bounded confidence in him, as one who sought only 
their highest good, disposed them to heed his 
wishes; and if at any time he suddenly appeared 
among them in the midst of their youthful noise 
and riot, it was like the voice of Neptune amid 
the raging waves. His administration was a most 
remarkable one. during which the prosperity of the 
college continued to rapidly increase. The nine 
years of his presidency were peculiarly marked 
with peaceful relations in the college, and with its 
advancing reputation and usefulness. Four hun- 
dred and fifty-three diplomas bear his presidential 
signature, making an annual average of fifty grad 
uates. At the time of his resignation the whole 
number of students was 230. He was also success- 
ful in raising an endowment fund of $(50, 000, which, 
in those days, before millionaires were known, was 



of itself a herculean task. His zeal in the cause 
of education caused him to be generous to a fault. 
When from year to year he witnessed the embar- 
rassed financial condition of the college, he de 
clined to draw his own salary in order that the 
other members of the faculty should be promptly 
paid, and in this way he freely gave $11,000 to 
the institution. His fine reputation, like that of 
his venerated father, has gone forth with the sons 
of Jefferson College into every part of our land, 
and into distant nations across the seas. It will 
ev.-r widen, ;is the alumni of Washington and Jef- 
ferson College, in the coming generations, shall 
prove themselves worthy of the heritage of glory 
descended through both the old institutions into 
their consolidation and unity of achievement 

Hut honorable as was the career of Dr. A. B. 
Brown, as an educator, he ever felt himself conse 
crated to the Gospel ministry, and in this service 
lie found his chief joy. And he was a model min 
ister in the judgment alike of his brethren and the 
people. Referring to him in an address before an 
Alumni Association in Pittsburgh, Rev. Dr. D. A. 
Cunningham said: '"He who holds the stars in 
Hi~ right hand, held no brighter one than Rev. A. 
15. Brown, D. D. We sat under his teaching with 
^reat delight, and were more than charmed with 
his eloquence in the pulpit. The flash of his keen 
eye. the tremulous tones of that sweet voice, and 
the heavenly light which beamed from his collide 
nance as he led us to the Cross of ( 'hrist, can never 
be forgotten." Of him. the Hon. Thomas K. Ew 
ing, R prominent judge in Pittsburgh, said: "He 
was the finest teacher and the most eloquent min- 
ister I ever knew " Unambitious of prominence. 
even to a fault, and habitually refusing audience 
to the approaches of most inviting pastorates 
seeking his services, he ever preferred the work of 
the Gospel without the stress of competition for 
human praise. The common people heard him 
gladly, while the nao-t intelligent and fastidious 
received his messages with delight. His sermons 
were a happy combination of evangelistic truth, 
faultless taste, affectionate tenderness, and persua 
sive — often thrilling — eloquence His public lect- 
ures and addresses were also widely sought atnl 
highly appreciated It was a treat to listen to his 
recitation-- of poetry, especially of his favorite 
Cowper, and his quotations from the grander por 
tious of inspiration. 

Soon after Dr. Brown was inaugurated presi- 
dent of the college, it was necessary for him to 
sever his relations with the Chartiers Church, in 
order that he mioht become pastor of the Canons- 
burg congregation which worshiped with the stu- 
dents in the chapel. This position he retained, to 
the great joy of the congregation, until he resigned 
the presidency. In 1850 the trustees reluctantly 
yielded to his oft repeated request to be relieved 

from the duties which were too arduous for his de- 
clining health, and accepted his resignation. He 
then retired to his country residence, "Mount 
Blaine," and being within the bounds of Centre 
Church, his former charge, he was induced to be 
come its pastor. This relationship he held until 
the close of 1802, when failing health forced him 
to retire from active labors. Though afflicted with 
a painful disease, he patiently lx>re his sufferings 
until the eighth day of September, 1863, when God 
took him to the land of health. He was buried in 
the Centre Church graveyard, where a grateful 
and appreciative people erected a handsome rnon 
umeiit to his memory His death at the age of 
fifty five left n void deeply felt and uot 'easily 
filled Religion and learning alike will long cher 
ish his memory, and blend their tears over his grave. 
Only a little space is yet claimed for the domes 
tic and social relations of this "beloved disciple." 
He was married December 3, 1833, to Miss Eliza 
beth Finley Nevin, daughter of Mr. John Neviu, 
of Cumberland county, Penn., and sister of Rev. 
Dr. John W. Nevin, at one time the distinguished 
and scholarly professor of the Allegheny Theolog- 
ical Seminary, and afterward the successful presi- 
dent of Franklin and Marshall College at Lancas- 
ter, Penn. This estimable lady was well qualified 
to assume the high and responsible duties which 
her husband's position placed upon her. and her 
public services were crowned with blessings and 
honor, and by her pure and earnest life, her sweet 
and noble character, her unselfish nature, kind 
words and charitable deeds she will longbe reniem 
bered as a bright example, worthy of imitation. 
Now. in the thirtieth year of her widowhood, she 
still lingers in venerable age to bless her children, 
while she ones witness of the matured experience 
of the Lord's faithfulness. Of the children, five 
Bons and one daughter are now living. Two of the 
sons, having chosen the profession of their grand- 
father and father, are now prominent Presbyterian 

[In the above sketch, which \s from the pen of Rev. 
James I. Brownsou, D. I'.. I.I.. 1 '.. free use has been made 
of nil available material, especially of a memorial address 
by the late Rev. Aaron Williams, D. I)., an associate in 
the college faculty, ami an intimate friend of Dr. A. B. 

Rev. W. F. Bhown, D. D. . Canonsburg, Penn. 
In publishing a brief record of the life of Rev. Dr. 
W. F. Brown, we can furnish no better sketch than 
that written and read by Hon. John A. Mcllvaine, 
Judge of the Washington County Court, at a col- 
lege class reunion in 1890. 

Born under the shadow of Jefferson College, of which 
both his father and grandfather were popular and be- 
loved presidents, our classmate naturally began his clas- 
sical course within its walls. He was enrolled a Senior 
'• prep " in 1850, but at the end of his Freshman year he 
remained at home in order that his brother might enlist 



as a soldier. The next year, 1862, he entered our class as 
a Sophomore. Although descending from a long line of 
learned and pious ancestors, which drew toward him the 
reaped of the i lass even before his acquaintance whs 
fully made, his own innate qualities soon caused him to 
be very popular. While having reason to be proud of his 
parentage, he was extremely modest, and in his inter- 
course with hi- fellow students he never by word or deed 
referred to the honorable connection with the college 
which his birth gave him. From all public performances 
he shrank, only assuming a prominent position when in 
the Hue of duty. At college he showed a preference for 
the classics and was especially fond of Latin, which ac- 
counts for the high compliment passed upon his Latin 

exegesis when he was licensed to preach. Rev. Dr. 
George Marshall, who was theu chairman of the examlti 
in^r committei . pronounced it the besl that had been pre 
seuted in the Presbytery during the thirty years be had 
been a member, lint while studying the ancieul Ian 
gimges he spent much time with the goddess oi music, 

and the clear. [odious tones of his fine tenor voice were 

a lurcc of delight to us all. Possessing this natural gifl 
to ii high degree, after his graduation he frequently aided 
hi- rive brother- in giving vocal and instrumental con 
cciis. which were highly appreciated by all who heard 
them, and which were given for the benefit of churches 
and educational institution.-. OI the many patriotic Bong6 
he sang while at college there was one entitled " Wake 
Nicodemus," which he selected as the subject ol his com 
mencement oration. He was a member of the Philo So- 
ciety, but never joined a secret fraternity, although often 
importuned so to do. In this matter he religiously 
adhered to and followed the request of bis father, not 
w Ithstanding that at one time it left him the only student 
in the college who did not belong to a fraternity. 

Three years from the time he left college he graduated 
at the Allegheny Theological Seminary, and was licensed 
as a Presbyterian minister to preach the Gospel. For 
several months he supplied the Falrview Church, and 
ale the congregation then worshiping in the College 
Chapel. In 1870 the Canousburg congregation desired 
his whole time, and he became the successor of Rev. Dr. 
Jonathan Edwards, who was its pastor while he was pres- 
ident of the college. Three other calls were at the same 
time offered to Brown; but, being strongly urged by the 
congregation he accepted the call to the "College 
Church" of which both his grandfather and father had 
for many year- been pa-tors. Owing to the transfer of 
the college classes to Washington, the students' side of 
the chapel was left vacant, but in a short time the inn 
gregation so increased under hi- ministration that the hall 
on each Sabbath day was filled. While pastor of this 
Church he taughtin the Linnean Academy, ami was after- 
ward professor of Latin in Jefferson Academy for three 
year-. While preaching and teaching here he secured, 
through the alumni of Jefferson College, a donation of 
$2,1 of) for their former beloved Greek professor, Dr. "Will- 
iam Smith. In this labor of love he wrote and sent out 
some 1,700 letters. 

After six years of labor in Canousburg. he received a 
call to the Presbyterian Church in Charleston, W. Va., 
and also a call to the First Presbyterian Church of New- 
ark, Ohio. The latter he accepted, and. being duly In- 
stalled there, he preached for the period of two years, 
when, on account of throat, trouble, he resigned, and upon 
the advice of his physician he did not preach for one 
year. About the same time his wife's health demanded 
a change of climate, and for a number of years they spent 
their winters in the South, where he preached in some of 
the leading churches, his services always being in de- 
mand. For quite awhile, when in New Orleans, he sup- 
plied with great acceptance the First Presbyterian 
Church during the absence of their distinguished pastor, 

Rev. Dr. Palmer. In 1884, Rev. William Ewing, Ph. D., 
having resigned, our classmate was chosen principal of 
Jefferson Academy, at Cauonsburg, which position he 
ably filled for four years, when lie was compelled to 
abandon this work on account of the severe and pro- 
tracted illness of his wife. As a teacher he was thorough 
and faithful, which the high rank taken afterward by his 
pupils in colleges and seminaries fully attest. His gov- 
ernment in the academy was that of love, and by his gen- 
tlemanly and polished manners as well as by the quality 
of the work done, he won the respect and affection of his 
scholars. Under his administration the institution flour- 
ished, and he proved himself to be a most successful 
teacher. As a preacher, this brother is both able and 
eloquent His sermons evidence deep thought and orig- 
inality. He i- especially strong in his descriptive powere. 
He has a fine presence and a good voice, and never fails 
to hold the attention of hi- audience. A year ago, I8JS0, 
he received tl e degree of Doctor of Divinity from Frank 
lin and Marshall College, a1 Lancaster, Pent)., and also 
from tin I Diversity of Western Pennsylvania, in recog 
uition of his ability as a preacher and a teacher. Refer 
ring to this degree, a Pittsburgh paper says: "Upon no 
more worthy man has the highest honors ol these time- 
honored institution- been conferred." But while our 
classmate has become prominent, be has not been able to 
respond to the many calls to come up higher. Within 
the past few years he has had more than one invitation to 
prominent churches and wider fields of labor and in- 
fluence, but sickuess in his family prevented him from 
accepting these positions As intimated, Mrs. Brown has 
been a suffer, r for vear6,and in relieving her pains 
he has manifested a spirit similar to Wendell Phillips, 
who, when urged to accept the most tempting offers, re 
plied that neither wouej nor glory could induce him to 
deprive hi- suffering wife of whatever assistance and 
comfort he could bestow. If, as one of our brightest 
stars, Dr. Brown's light has been for a time partly bid 
from the world, i' has shone in his ministerial and edu- 
cational work at home, and has also brightened the dark 
rooms of sickness in many houses, and has cheered the 
sad heart of one whose deepest sorrow has been that her 
feeble health and severe pains have caused clouds to sur 
round tin brilliancy of her devoted husband. -His wife 
was Mis- Mary Houston, one of Canonsburg's brightest 
and. most attractive young ladies, who during her years of 
sickness has given sunshine and comfort to many by her 
deeds and words of charity and love. 

Daring the years 1890 and 1S91 Dr. and Mrs 
Brown made an extensive tour through Europe, 
chiefly for the benefit of the letter's health. 
While visiting the principal foreign countries and 
cities they spent much time in Italy, lingering for 
many months in Rome, which gave the Doctor an 
opportunity of studying the interesting and his- 
torical objects of the Eternal City. Shortly after 
returning home he was frequently called upon to 
speak of his travels in public, and soon his name 
and fame spread over the lecture field, he having 
added to his scholastic learning the polish and 
distingue of the Continental tourist. His lectnres 
are said to be highly literary, entertaining and 
instructive, aiid in this field he has won the repu- 
tation of being an original, magnetic and eloquent 

But, successful as he might be in the lecture 
field, in which his eloquence, grace and wit could 
be displayed to great advantage, he still clings to 



the work of preaching and teaching, the profes- 
sions he chose when he entered upon the active 
duties of life. He is, therefore, to be found 
every Sabbath iii the pulpit, and during the week 
he give-- instruction in Jefferson Academy, in 
which institution his services have again been 
called into requisition. 

Re\. Alexander Blaine Bkown, Jn. As in the 
case of his brother (whose ^ket cli is given above), 
Rev. A. B. Brown, Jr.. was horn amid the classic 
scenes of Jefferson College, at Canonsburg, Penn . 
at the time when his father whs the president of 
this renowned institution. In early life he inani 
fested a decided taste for literary pursuits, and 
having adopted one of tin' mottoes of Jefferson 
College, "Inter silvas Academi quoerevt vcrum" 
("Among tin' grovesof the Academy seek truth "i, 
he spent a number oi years at Jefferson Academy. 
Jefferson College having been removed from Can 
onsburg, he went to Lancaster. Penn., and entered 
the junior class of Franklin and Marshall Col 
lege, of which his uncle. Rev. John W. Neviu. 
D. D., LL. 1) . was for many years the honored 
and successful president Having completed his 
collegiate course at Lancaster, he was elect..! 
professor of Latin in Jefferson Academy, in which 
institution he taught for a year, when he entered 
the Western Theological Seminary, al Allegheny 
City. Penn., from which he was graduated in 
lsTs. The following year he was unanimously 
called to the pastorate of the Centre Presbyterian 
Church, five miles east of Canonsburg, a church 
of which his father had also been pastor, and to 
which he ministered during the latter part of his 
life, and in tin hounds of which he died. This 
call young Mr. Brown accepted, and December 1">. 
1879, he was ordained and installed tin- pastor of 
a people among whom he had grown up. and of 
a church which he had attended and with which 
he united in his earlier years. In this field he has 
labored faithfully for thirteen wars, during which 
time his ministry has been greatly blessed, and his 
services highly appreciated by a people by whom 
he has always been dearh beloved. As a preacher 
Rev. Mr. Brown is earnest, impressive, instructive 
and eloquent. His sermons give evidence that he 
is a man of decided talents and a diligent stu- 
dent, who always brings beaten oil into the sane 
tuary. His reading of the Scriptures and hymns 
has won for him the reputation of being one of 
the best readers in the Presbytery. As a pastor 
he is faith fill, devoted and sympathetic, whose 
bright, genial ways and pure, noble character 
cause him to be highly esteemed and great 1\ be- 
loved by all who know him. A few days since 
(March 13, 1893), he received a unanimous call to 
the pastorate of the Fairview Presbyterian Church, 
which is situated a few miles south of Centre. 
So great was the desire and so urgent the tequest 

of the Fairview people to have him become their 
pastor that he felt it his duty to transfer his labors 
to this neighboring lield. in which he has received 
a most cordial welcome. 

Bkown Bkotheks. In addition to the two 
eloquent ministers mentioned above, there were 
four other sons in the family of Rev. Dr. and 
Mis. A. B. Brown. While all of these sous 
enjoyed an enviable reputation, on accouut of 
their educational qualities and moral worth, they 

i possessed extraordinary musical talents which 
gave them great celebrity. Without making it a 
specialty, these six brothers excel led in music, each 
one being a tine singer, and also a skillful perform- 
er on some musical instrument. They appeared 
in public for the first time when they exerted 
themselves to raise funds to carry on the suit for 
the recovery of Jefferson College, which had been 
consolidated with Washington College. By this 
act Jefferson College was removed from Canons- 
burg to the town of Washington, which caused a 
litigation that lasted for several years. Those who 
had contributed funds to Jefferson College, feeling 
that the trustees had violated their trust in trans- 
ferring the College from its original locution, 
brought suit for the recovery of the institution. 
Suit having been entered, the case was tried in 
both the State and the United States Supreme 
Courts, aud this involved considerable expense. 
To help defray this the Brown Brothers, whose 
grandfather and father had contributed thousands 
of dollars, and devoted the greatei part of their 
lives to the institution, offered their services as 
musicians. The proposition received a hearty re- 
sponse, and many churches and halls were offered 
free to these brother-, who took rank at once as 
distinguished vocalists and instrumentalists. Thus 
b\ their musical entertainments they succeeded in 
liquidating almost the entire cost of the suit, a 
part of the amount having previously been raised 
b\ subscription. In this way they became known 
as the " Brown Brothers "' Up to t bat period, this 
was the lirst instance on record where the brothers 
of one family had given either a vocal or an instru- 
mental concert. Referring to them as "A Band 

! of Brothers." the Washington (Penn.) Advance 
said: " There are a few cases where the male and 
female members of one family appear as profes 
sional musicians, but we doubt very much if such 
an instance as this furnished by the Brown Broth 
ers is to be found in our own or other countries.'' 
Having, while iuvoking the aid of the muses in 

\ behalf of Jefferson College, acquiredthe reputation 
of being musicians of a high order, the Brown 
Brothers were frequently requested to give concerts 
for the benefit of churches. Sabbath schools, edu 
catioual institutions and various objects to which 
they generously devoted the proceeds of their en 
tertainments Frequently they appeared four or 



five times in one place, and on each occasion drew 
a large audience. The concerts of these brothers 
were characterized by a great variety of songs 
which were rendered with remarkably fine expres 
sion, clear and distinct articulation, intermingled 
in a most pleasing manner with many different 
kinds of instruments. From a Pittsburgh paper 
we give the following extract: "When either one 
or all of the brothers begin to sing, the audieuoe is 
subdued into the most tender mood by the ex- 
<[uisiU' rendering of their pathetic songs, or breaks 
out into the most rapturous applause over their 
rendering of the sentiment;]l and comic. But be- 
sides being remarkable as vocalists they are equally 
so as instrumentalists. Much of their music too 
i- of their own composition and many of their 
s >ngs are original with themselves. Such a com- 
bination of musical talent in one family is not. 
perhaps, to be found in this or any other country. 
It is a sight worth seeing, six noble young men, 
brother musicians, and all of them gentlemen of 
high personal worth.'' Although great induce 
ments were offered tin- brothers to enter the public 
arena as professional musicians, they declined all 
such propositions, preferring only to appear iu 
public when they could benefit some worthy ob 
ject by the proceeds of their concerts. Being in- 
vited to sing at the centennial celebration of tin 
Ohartiers Presbvterian Church, of which the Rev. 
Dr. John McMillan, the religions and educational 
pioneer of western Pennsylvania was the first pas- 
tor, they composed and sang an appropriate ode, 
giving a brief history of that distinguished minis- 
ter, which was so well received that its repetition 
was requested three times on that occasion. At 
the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the 
settlement of Rev. William Smith. D. D.. at the 
Miller's Run Presbyterian Church, bv special re- 
quest thev gave two concerts, in the afternoon and 
evening of the same day. when they donated the 
proceeds to a purse that was heing raised as a 
token of respect for the honored Doctor. For this 
anniversary thev also composed a special song 
which, having been rendered at their afternoon 
concert, was, at the request of the audience, sung 
again in the evening. The entertainments 
given by these brothers extended over a period 
of fourteen years, during which time they con- 
tinued to pursue their regular occupations and pro- 

By the death of Matthew, a young man of bright 
promise, the tuneful circle of the Brown Brothers 
was suddenly broken, and since then the voices of 
the rest are seldom heard together in pnblic. The 
names of the six brothers are as follows: J. Nevin, 
Henry H. , William F., Alexander B., Matthew B. 
and D. Finley Brown. At the last concert in which 
they all took part they sang an original ode en- 
titled, "We're a Band of Brothers," in which 

Of this ode we 

their sentiments were portrayed, 
give the closing verse: 

"We'll keep the bells of Freedom ringing, 
W.'ll keep tin- voice el Temperance singing; 
To tie Bible we'll keep clinging, 

While upon this earth we Stand. 
And when death lias come before us. 
And the vespei Stars shine e'er us. 
Let others swell the chorus, 

And shout it through our land." 

Soon after this concert the Brown Brothers 
numbered but five on earth, Matthew having been 
called to join the Heavenly Choir. 

II M RS. JANE B. PRALL was born November 
IV/I 9,1803, in Washington. Petiti., in a house 
I ¥- I on the lot where Dr. Little now lives. 
^ Her father. John Bollen. had come from 
v New Jersey to Washington county, where 

he married Ann, daughter of William Huston, a 
native of Ireland, who came to Washington county 
while the Indians were still denizens of the woods. 
It is said of William Huston that he was the 
first white man to settle in the county. His first 
dwelling, said to have been the first house built in 
Washington, was located on a piece of land where 
H. C. Swart now resides, on East Maiden street. 
He had married in Ireland, his native land, and 
had brought his wife with him to this country. 
Both died in Washington county, and at the time 
of his death he was the owner of a farm of JJOU 
acres near the borough of Washington. In 1754. 
while the English and French were at war, h.e was 
taken prisoner by the latter nud sent to France, 
where he lay in prison for about a year, was then 
exchanged and returned to Ameiica. His children 
were as follows: Dixon, Hamilton. James, Polly 
(married to Archibald Carr), Jane (married to John 
Smith), Margaret (married to John Pux'ton), and 
Ann (married to John Bollen). After marriage 
Mr. and Mrs. Bollen made their home in theborough 
of Washington until 1811, when, having exchanged 
their property there for a farm in Amwell town 
ship, they removed thereon, remaiuing some eleven 
years; thence came to South Strabane township 
where they passed the rest of their days. Mr. 
Bollen, who was a shoemaker by trade, died No- 
vember 7, 1846, his wife on May 4, 1848, aged 
eighty-five years. They were the parents of chil- 
dren "as follows: James and John, both deceased 
when young; William, who died in 1875; Margaret, 
married to William Van Kirk; Mary, married to 
George Week, and died in Ohio; Jane, the subject 
proper of this sketch, and Matilda (a mute), de- 
ceased in 1881. 

Jane Bolleu was married to John Prall, a farmer 

of Amwell township, in 1849. He was a man of 

| nearly seventy years of age at the time, and died, 



January 10, 1875, at tbe age of ninety-six years. 
He had been previously married, and Lad by that 
anion eight children, viz.: Benjamin and Harrison 
0>oth deceased), Jackson (a resident of South Stra 
bane township), William. Nancy and Elizabeth (all 
three deceased), Mary (wife of W. Lacock. of Am 
well township) and Sarah (who died in Illinois). 
After marriage Mr. and Mrs. l'rall made their home 
in Amwell township, where Mr. Prall died as al- 
ready related. One year after that event his widow 
came to the borough of Washington, where she now 
has her home, a pleasant and comfortable one, on 
East Wheeling street. She is a remarkably well- 
preserved lady, and is spending her declining years 
with Christian patience and resignation, calmly 
awaiting the inevitable summons that shall call her 
hence. In her church connection she was origi- 
nally identified with the Cumberland Presbyterians, 
but is now a member of tbe Second Presbyterian 
Church of Washington. 

Mordecai Hoge (deceased), a half brother of Mrs. 
Prall, was born January 22, 1784, on the old Hus- 
ton farm in this county, a son of John Hoge, 
who owned the land from the center of Main street, 
in Washington, westward to, and perhaps includ 
ing, the whole or a portion of the Dr. Heed farm 
The boyhood days of Mordecai Hoge were passed 
chiefly in and around Washington, and when about 
six years of ag>- he was seni to the old-time log 
schoolhouse which stood a little below where the 
old weigh scales were placed, and on the rightside 
of the alley where the worshipers in the United 
Presbyterian Church are accustomed to put their 
conveyances. At that time there was in the. then. 
village but one stone dwelling, owned by a Mr. 
Bradford After Mr. Hoge had passed through 
his primary and academical training, about the 
year 1805, he became a student in Dickinson Col- 
lege. Carlisle, shortly after leaving which he mar- 
ried Rebecca Pentecost. In 1811 he engaged in 
teaching, his first school being kept in a log cabin 
located on the bank of Little Chartiers creek, and 
between the farm some time since owned by Slier 
iff R. McClelland and Linden village. The fob 
lowing year he moved about one mile south of this 
place, and taught twelve years at what was called 
the Cross Roads. He next taught for one year in 
a rude cabin on a farm situated on the pike leading 
from Washington to Monongahela City. In 1827 
he commenced teaching on what came to be known 
as "'Hoge's Summit." Bud continued there for six 
years. Mr. Hoge then took up his residence on 
the farm now owned by the heirs of Samuel Brown- 
lee, and during the time he would walk, summer 
and winter, not less than six miles. Immediately 
after the expiration of this last mentioned school 
term he taught near Pees' Mill for a short time, 
and later in a log schoolhouse on or near the site 
of the Hardy school in North Strabane township. 

Fro. ./point he returned to Hoge's Summit, and 
taught alwut twenty-three years, at the expiration 
of which time his public labors in this calling 
ceased. In summing up the whole time in 
which he was engaged in the work of teaching, 
the calculation will make it not less than forty-five 
years. It is a marked characteristic of the high 
esteem and appreciation of his services as an in 
structor of youth that this entire period was spent 
within the limit of seven miles, in many instances 
teaching the parent, then the child, then the grand 
child, until superannuation alone required his 
withdrawal from his arduous vocation. Mr. Hoge 
departed this life in 1870, at the age of eighty-six 
years, two months and three days, and on his 
tombstone in the Pigeon Creek cemetery is the fol- 
lowing inscription: "Tine Honor. A Faithful 
Teacher of Youth for More than Forty five Years 
This sketch of Mordecai Hoge has been gleaned 
from one that appeared in the Washington Review 
and Examiner at the time of his decease. 

QV. LAWRENCE The genealogy of the 
Lawrence family, of which this gentleman 
is a member, is imperfect. Those of that 
i name who became prominent in Massachu 
setts, New Y'ork and Pennsylvania are sup 
posed to have sprung from the brothers who came 
from England at an early day. A son of one of 
these settled in Adams county, Penn., about the 
year 1770. where he afterward died, leaving a 
family of ten children 

About the year 1788 his widow, with this large 
family, came over the mountains when there was 
only a pathway, the mother carrying the youngest 
sou, Joseph (then three years old), on her knee on 
horseback. They settled on a small farm on the 
headwaters of Pigeon creek, eight miles east of 
Washington, in a cabin, and here the family — 
seven daughters and three sons — grew up. In 
time the daughters all married in Washington 
county, and raised families: and a numerous pro- 
geny of children and grandchildren and their de- 
scendants sprang from these excellent women, and 
some of the later generation are found scattered over 
the West. The oldest son. John Lawrence, mar- 
ried and moved to Beaver county, and was twice 
elected to the Legislature from that county; after 
■ ward moved to Delaware county, Ohio, and died 
there, leaving a family. One of his sons was edu- 
cated at Washington College, studied law, became 
very prominent in his profession, and served in the 
Legislature of Ohio. His sou afterward served in 
the Senate of the State. 

Samuel Lawrence, the second son of the older 
stock, also moved to Beaver county, Penn., and 
was prothonotary of the courts for nine years. He 
was there elected to the Legislature, serving two 

^•■y -:.. 




sessions, and there died, leaving a large family. 
One of his sous was prothonotary of that county 
nine years, and afterward an associate judge. 

Joseph, the third son, remained on the farm with 
his mother, to whom he was much attached, and to 
whom he clung with strongest affection until she 
died at the age of ninety-five years. This son 
was compelled to work hard on the farm to main- 
tain the family, and only obtained a few months 
for improvement at school. He was married about 
the year 1812 or 1813 to Rebecca Van Eman, by 
whom he had four children: Joseph, George V., 
Sarah and Samuel. About the year 18'23 the 
mother died, Samuel being then a babe, and when 
five or six years old he died. Joseph grew up and 
married Eliza Horner, anil they both died in Feb- 
ruary, 1842, leaving four children, all of whom 
married, and three of them are still living. Sarah, 
the daughter, married Aid. Moore, an excellent 
man, and they raised five children, all of whom 
are married and very prosperous, living in Car- 
thage, Mo., except one daughter who is in Port- 
land, Oreg. The father of this family died 
about the year 1866; the mother is still in good 
health, and lives with the children in Carthage. 
Of George V. we will speak more in detail here- 

Joseph Lawrence, the elder, about the year 
1826 married, for his second wife, Maria, a daugh- 
ter of Judge Bucher, of Harrisburg, an excellent 
woman, as all who knew her bear testimony, and 
with her had four sons and one daughter. John J. 
Lawrence, the eldest son, was superintendent of 
the western portion of the Philadelphia & Erie 
Railroad for years, and afterward of the Allegheny 
Valley Railroad; he was colonel of one of the Penn- 
sylvania regiments in the army. He has a most in- 
teresting family, and is now retired, living in Alle- 
gheny, Penn. James K. Lawrence, the next son 
(now deceased), was a captain in the regular army; 
was efficient and brave, and had the confidence and 
esteem of every one in his company and regiment. 
He was very severely wounded at Fredericksburg, 
but recovered and died three years since at Rey- 
noldsville, Penn., leaving a small family. W. C. 
A. Lawrence, third sod, was educated at Washing- 
ton College, and studied law with Hon. J. C. 
Kunkle, of Harrisburg. He was fine looking, very 
pleasant in manner, and possessed of excellent 
natural ability. He was succeeding to a fine prac- 
tice at the bar in Dauphin county when he was 
elected to the Legislature in 1857. He was re- 
elected in 1858, and was elected speaker, obtain- 
ing the nomination over Hon. A. K. McClnre, a 
man of unusual ability. He was perhaps the 
youngest man ever elected speaker in this State. 
In 1859 he was re-elected to same position, and 
was exceedingly popular and efficient. The labor 

in the law office, and in the speaker's chair, proved 
too much for his constitution, and he died in 1860. 

Samuel, the fourth son, was well prepared by 
education, and studied engineering. He was ;i 
long time employed on the Philadelphia & Erie 
Railroad when very young. He laid out and 
helped to locate and build the Oil Creek Railroad. 
He was very efficient, and popular with all classes 
of people, and was nominated and elected to the 
Legislature, from Warren, McKean and Elk 
counties, serving one winter, peremptorily declin- 
ing a renomination. He died in Warren in 1862, 
leaving a widow but no children; she since died in 
Philadelphia. Susan M., the youngest, remained 
with her mother until her death, which occurred 
in Harrisburg, in 1860, and during the long ill- 
ness of her mother was ever with her, patient, con- 
siderate and kind. She afterward married Mr. 
Myron Sanford, of Erie, Penn., a retired and 
wealthy man of excellent character, who proved a 
most devoted husband. They raised one son a 
promising and intelligent young man, but both lie 
and his father are dead; Mrs. Sanford still lives in 
her beautiful home, esteemed and loved by all who 
know her and can appreciate the highest womanly 

The foregoing is a very brief and condensed his 
tory of the several children of Joseph Lawrence, 
the elder. A more extended notice of him and his 
son George V. Lawrence is appropriate, with a 
general reference to the public life of this family. 
It is seen here that the three brothers who were 
brought to Washington county, so early by the 
mother, poor and fatherless, were all members of 
the Legislature of their native State. Joseph, the 
youngest, was elected from Washington county in 
1820, and served until 1826, being speaker of the 
House two sessions; was elected to Congress in 
1826. He was for J. Q. Adams for President, but 
the tide for Jackson swept him down in 1828. In 
1834 he was nominated for the Legislature and 
elected, and re elected in 1835; was elected State 
treasurer in 1836. He ran for Congress in 1838, 
and was defeated by seventeen votes. In 1840 he 
was again the candidate of the Whig party and 
elected. He died on April 17, 1842, while a mem 
ber, and his body lies in the Congressional Ceme- 
tery, at Washington, D. C. Mr. Lawrence was a 
man of fine physical and mental abilities; was a 
good public speaker, logical and clear in argument 
with an unusual memory and a very pleasant 
manner, and he had the respect and confidence of 
all who knew him. Like his mother, and all bis 
extensive family, he was a Presbyterian, and when 
at home in the county generally walked three and 
one-half miles to church, and sat in the Bible class, 
his sons going with him to Sunday school. He 
was firm in the Pauline and Augustinian faith, 


and a student of theology. His house was always 
open, and a kind of home for ministers who were 
fond of his company. 

We have before referred to his sons William 
and Samuel as members of the Legislature, and 
now come to speak more in detail of the remark- 
able life of George V., his son by his first mar 
riage. It is believed that no man in the State, and 
few anywhere, has had so many marks of public 
favor. He was born on November 13, ISIS, named 
after his uncle, George Van Eman, a Presbyterian 
minister, and raised on a farm in sight of the old 
home of his grandmother. He went to the district 
school, then kept in a small log-cabin house, with 
a log on each side cut out, and the opening covered 
with oiled paper to give light. When about fifteen 
years of age he studied Latin grammar with Rev. 
W. G. Anderson, then boarding with his father, 
and preaching at Pigeon Creek Church; afterward 
went for a time to a small select school, opened a 
few miles off; then went one year to the English 
Department of Washington College. His health 
failing, and being threatened with pulmonary dis- 
ease, his father, like any sensible man, took him 
back to the farm where he regained his health, 
and remained there until twenty-one years of age. 
He was fond of horses, and was a fearless and 
excellent rider, and still mounts his horse, takes 
his dogs and goes out to the country to run foxes. 
He has been an active politician since 1842. He 
was elected to the Legislature in 1843-46-' 58-' 59. 
In 1848 he was elected to the State Senate over 
his opponent, the late William Montgomery. He 
was re-elected to the Senate in 1860, from counties 
of Washington and Greene (overcoming 1,0110 
Democratic majority), of which body he was 
speaker in 1863, and he was again elected to the 
Senate in 1874-'76-'78. In 1864-'66-'82 he was 
elected a member of Congress. In 1872 he was 
ilected a delegate at -large to the constitutional 
convention, and was again elected to the Legisla- 
ture in the fall of 1892. Thus for fifty years he 
was identified with national and State politics, 
and it is a happy thought that his course in public 
life has always been devoted to progress and the 

In 1829 he married Elizabeth Welsh, a daugh- 
ter of the late William Welsh, Esq.. of Washing- 
ton county, and moved to a farm in Carroll town 
ship, near Monongahela City. About 1862 he 
came into the town, and has remained there ever 
since. His first wife died in 1855, leaving two 
children: Mary Virginia, still at home, and Joseph, 
who died when three years old. In 1857 Mr. 
Lawrence was again married, this time to a daugh- 
ter of Rev. John Reed, of Indiana county, Penn., 
and she is still living. Three children were born 
to them, the youngest of whom died when very 
young. George R., the eldest, was educated at 

La Fayette College, studied law with G. W. Bid 
die, Esq., of Philadelphia, and after practicing 
some years in Pittsburgh, died leaving a widow 
highly esteemed and respected. Carrie Belle, the 
daughter, married Dr. C. B. Wood, a regular 
physician, and lives near her parents. 

highly esteemed and much beloved lady 
is a native of Washington county, born in 
Hopewell township, July 30, 1811, of 
Scotch-Irish origin and Covenanter ex- 
traction. Her paternal ancestor, James Clark, 
was driven from Scotland to Ireland during relig 
ious persecution, and from the latter country he 
emigrated to America about the year 1750, and in 
the Revolutionary war he was found in the Conti 
nental army. James Clark settled upon land in 
Cumberland (now Franklin) county, Penn., upon 
which the town of Strasburg was afterward laid 
out and built. "Clark's Knot," or "Clark's Gap," 
at the mountain near there, still tell of the original 
owner of the land which was then called "Clark's 
Fancy." James Clark died near Mercersburg, 
Penn., of which locality her grandfather, David 
Clark, was a native. The latter was married to 
Hannah Baird, of Carlisle, same State, and they 
became the parents of seven children, viz. : James 
(father of Mrs. Mary Wylie); Esther, married to 
Rev. Joseph Stockton, of Allegheny, now deceased ; 
Nancy, married to David Larimer, a merchant of 
Steubenville, Ohio; Elizabeth, married to Daniel 
Houston, of near Canonsburg, this county; Mary, 
wife of Paul Anderson, of St. Lou.s, Mo. ; David 
and Eliza, in Mercersburg, Pennsylvania. 

James Clark, the eldest son of David and Han 
nah (Baird) Clark, grew to manhood on the farm 
in Canton township (now known as the S. K. 
Weirich farm), where he received a liberal eduea 
cation for those early days. Later he kept a store 
in Hopewell township, also a mill, and was engaged 
in various other business enterprises: he had an 
interest in the wagon trains that crossed the 
mountains for merchandise, and assisted in the 
building of the National pike. He married Jane 
Henderson, a daughter of Rev. Matthew Hender- 
son, one of the first Associate ministers to cross 
the mountains, and who came to Washington 
county in 1780, taking charge of the Cbartiers 
Church. He was in line of Rev. Alexander Hen- 
derson of "Solemn league and Covenant" fame, 
of Edinburgh, Scotland. Rev. Matthew Hender- 
son married Miss Mary Ferris, who bore him ten 
children, all of whom grew to maturity and mar- 
ried, their names being as follows: Matthew, 
Ebenezer, Robert, John, Mary, Ann, Elizabeth. 
Jane, Joseph and Helen After marriage Mr. and 
Mrs. James Clark settled on a farm in Hopewell 



township, where, July 10, 1821, at the age of 
thirty seven years, the husband was summoned 
from earth. He was a member of the Associate 
Church. They had seven children, as follows: 
David, who died in Washington county, leaving a 
family of five children; Mary, the subject proper 
of this memoir; Matthew, who was a physician, 
and died in Washington, Perm. ; James, who died 
in Canonsburg, Peun. ; Elizabeth, married to John 
Murdoch, and died in Parkersburg, Va. ; Will- 
iam, who died in Canton township, and Ebenezer, 
who died when a child. The widowed mother con- 
tinued to remain on the old home farm with her 
children, until they had all left for homes of their 
own, and she then lived with one or other of them, 
the last year of her life being passed with her 
daughter, Mary (Mrs. Wylie), at whose home she 
died in 1870, at the ripe old age of eighty-six 

Mary Clark remained at the place of her birth 
in Hopewell township until her marriage Septem- 
ber 2, 1829, with William Wylie, when they took 
up their residence on the farm in Canton township, 
now occupied by the David McClay heirs, whence 
after five years they moved to the Razortown farm 
(now known as the Ellenmount stock farm) in the 
same township, and here for forty-five years they 
shared life's joys and sorrows. In 1877 Mr. Wylie 
was called from earth at the age of nearly seventy 
seven years. About a year and a hal f after her hus 
band's death, Mrs. Wylie broke up housekeeping, 
and in 1880 moved to her present home on East 
Maiden street, in the borough of Washington, 
where she resides with her widowed daughter, 
Mrs. Annie Thompson. She is remarkably well 
preserved for her years, and is in the enjoyment of 
good health. All her life from girlhood she has 
been a member of the United Presbj'terian Church. 
She can recount many interesting anecdotes of her 
early life and other days, which carry the listener 
back to a time when Washington county was in a 
condition of comparative wildness. In her child- 
hood the Indians had for the most part gone from 
the county, but when she was about seven years of 
age, on proceeding one day to the old spring in the 
neighborhood for water, she heard a moan, and on 
looking up was horrified to see a hideous Indian 
watching her; it is almost needless to add that she 
fled in no small alarm to the house. Her people 
went in search of the Indian, and finding him they 
gave him food, and sent him on his way rejoicing, 
for they learned from him that he was traveling 

Mrs. Wylie is the mother of four children: Rob- 
ert, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere; Jane, 
married to John S. Beall, and has two children 
(residence, Wellsburg, W. Va.); Annie, widow of 
Rev. Joseph R. Thompson, and James Clark (de- 
ceased). Joseph R. Thompson was born in Mt. 


Pleasant township, Washington Co., Penn., in 
1828. He graduated from Canonsburg Theolog 
ical Seminary, became the pastor of the U. P. 
Church at Hickory (he was one of three brothers, 
all of whom were ministers in the U. P. Church), 
and was filling the incumbency at the time of his 
death in 1861. In 1859 he was married to Miss 
Aunie Wylie, and they had one child, named Will 
iam, who died at the age of four years. 

. I grandfather of Judge William McKennan, 
CI Rev. William McKennan, immigrated to 
"-' America from the North of Ireland about the 
middle of the last century. For a period of fifty 
four years, from December. 1755, he was pastor of 
the White Clay Creek and the Red Clay Creek 
Presbyterian churches, near Wilmington, Del., 
and during thirty-four years of this time he was 
also pastor of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Wilmington. He died in lSOy.atthe age of ninety, 
and is buried at Red Clay Creek church. 

His son, William McKennan, was born in Dela- 
ware in 1758. In the early part of 1776 he en- 
tered the Continental army as second lieutenant of 
('apt. Keau's company of the regiment of the Fly- 
ing Camp. In the latter part of the same year, 
upon the organization of the famous Delaware 
Regiment, he became first lieutenant of the first 
company, and afterward he was promoted to the 
captaincy of his company. In September, 1777, 
he was engaged in the battle of Brandywine, and 
a month later, at the battle of Germantown, he re- 
ceived a wound in the arm which ultimately 
caused his death, thirty years later. In 1780 he 
took part in the battles of Monmouth, Camden, 
South Carolina and Cowpens. After the battle of 
Camden, in which the Delaware regiment suffered 
severe losses, Capt. Kirkwood took command of 
the regiment, and, in December, 1780, Capt. Mc- 
Kennan returned to Delaware and enlisted a body 
of men, who, however, did not join the Delaware 
regiment, but was brigaded with William Washing- 
ton's Legion and troops of the Maryland Line, and 
was commanded by Capt. McKennan until the 
close of the war, in 1783. Capt. McKennan and 
his battalion were engaged in the operations 
against Yorktown, which resulted in the surrender 
to the Continentals of the main British army 
under Cornwallis. Afterward the battalion per- 
formed arduous and highly honorable service un- 
der Gen. Greene, in North and South Carolina. 
Upon his return to civil life, Capt. McKennan 
was chosen colonel of a regiment of Delaware 
militia, and was elected a member of the Legislat- 
ure of his native State. He also became a mem- 
ber of the Order of the Cincinnati. In 1797 he 
removed to Charleston u, Va. (now Wellsburg, W. 



Va.), thence, in 1800, to West Middletown, Wash- 
ington couuty, and in 1801, having been ap- 
pointed prothonotary of Washington county, he be- 
came a resident of the town of Washington, and 
continued to live thereuntil his death, in January. 
L810. In 1800, before his removal from Charles 
town, he was one of the three presidential electors 
from Brooke county. Col. McKennan married 
Elizabeth Thompson, daughter of John Thomp- 
son, one of the judges of the court of common 
pleas and Orphans' court of Newcastle county, 
Del., an active patriot aud prominent citizen of the 
State during and subsequent to the Revolutionary 
war. Mrs. McKennan' s mother was the sister of 
Thomas McKean, a member of Congress and a 
Signer of the Declaration of Independence, from 
Delaware, and afterward governor and chief justice 
of the Supreme Court of Pennsylvania. Mrs. Mc- 
Kennan died at Washington, Penu. , in 1839, at 
the age of seventy-eight years. 

Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan, the 
third son of William and Elizabeth Thompson 
McKennan, was born in March, 1794, in Newcas- 
tle county, Del. He was educated at Washing 
ton College (Penn. ), whence he graduated at the 
age of sixteen in the class of 1810. Immediately 
thereafter he began the study of law under Parker 
Campbell, of Washington (Penn.), one of the most 
brilliant lawyers who has ever graced the bar of 
western Pennsylvania, and on November 7, 1814, 
at the age of twenty-one, he was admitted to 
practice. Shortly afterward he formed a legal 
partnership with Obadiah Jennings, eminent as 
well in the forum as in the pulpit, and at once 
entered upon a career of success. A year later 
he succeeded Walter Forward as deputy Attorney- 
general or district attorney of the county, in which 
office he served until 1817. In 1831 Mr. McKen- 
nan was elected to the House of Representatives 
of the United States, and continued a member 
thereof for four terms, finally declining further re- 
election on account of the urgency of his profes- 
sional work. In 184'2, however, a vacancy having 
occurred in the House by reason of the death of 
Joseph Lawrence, Mr. McKennan yielded to the 
solicitations of his party and the public demand, 
and served the remainder of the term. He was 
chairman of the Committee of the Whole for two 
months of the first session of that year, and as 
such was largely instrumental in securing the pas- 
sage of the famous Tariff Act of 1842. In 1840 he 
was chosen a presidential elector on the Whig 
ticket, and in 1848 he was made president of the 
Pennsylvania Electoral College. In 1850 he was 
appointed Secretary of the Interior by President 
Fillmore, but resigned a few weeks later. Soon 
after this he became president of the Hempfield 
Railroad Company, and while attending to its 

affairs he died at Reading, Penn., on July 9, 1852. 
In politics Mr. McKennan was an earnest Whig. 

Mr. McKennan entered Washington College at 
a very early age, and passed through the entire cur- 
riculum. In February, 1813, he was appointed 
tutor of the ancient languages, in which position 
he continued for eighteen months. In April, 1818, 
he was chosen a member of the College Corporation, 
and continued as such up to the time of his death, 
a period of tliirty four years. For several years he 
held the position of adjunct professor of languages. 
The degree of LL. D. was conferred on him by 
Jefferson College, Canonsburg, Penn. The life of 
Mr. McKennan was one of purest probity, aud in 
his quiet, unobtrusive, yet effective way, he con- 
tributed largely toward the shaping of the political 
destiny of the State of Pennsylvania. He was 
universally respected, and his popularity was un- 
bounded. In his private life he was beloved by all 
as a loyal citizen, a devoted husband, an affection 
ate and indulgent parent and a true friend. He 
was devotedly attached to children, was a lover of 
good men and a supreme detester of all manuer of 
vice and meanness. In 1815 Mr. McKennan mar- 
ried Matilda, daughter of Jacob Bowman, one of 
the pioneer merchants of Brownsville, Penn. 

William McKennan, the eldest sou of Thomas 
M. T. and Matilda (Bowman) McKennan, was born 
at Washington, Penn., September 27, 1816. He 
graduated as valedictorian of his class, from Wash- 
ington College, Washington (Penn.), in 1833, and 
afterward took a post graduate course at Yale Col- 
lege, New Haven., Conn. He was admitted to the 
bar of Washington county ia June, 1837, entered 
into partnership with his father, and on August 23, 
1837, qualified as deputy attorney-general or dis- 
trict attorney of Washington county, and served 
one term. In 1847 he was burgess of the borough 
of Washington, and in 1852 a member of its coun- 
cils. In 1S58, 1802 and 1863 he was a delegate 
from Washington county to the Republican State 
Conventions, and in 1868 a delegate to the National 
Convention. In 1857 he was chairman of the 
Republican committee of Washington county, 
in 1858 was a member of the Republican State 
Central commitee; in 1860 was a presidential 
elector; in the same year was a delegate to the 
Peace Congress, and on December 21, 1869. was 
commissioned Judge of the Circuit Court of the 
United States for the third circuit, comprising 
Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware, which 
office he resigned on January 3, 1891. While 
at the bar, Judge McKennan was recognized as 
one of the foremost lawyers of western Pennsyl- 
vania, and during his twenty-one years' incum- 
bency of the bench he won a high reputation for 
integrity and ability. 

He married, October 12, 1842, Pauline Gertrude 



de Fontevieux, who was born at Paris, France, 
March 23, 1821, and died May 7, 1886, at Wash- 
ington, Penn. The children of this union were: 
Isabel B. , who married George M. Laughlin, of 
Pittsburgh, Penn., and died December 5, 1891; 
Thomas M. T. ; Emma W., who married William 
W. Smith, of Washington, Penn., and died August 
30, 1879; Henry S. , who died at Washington, 
Penn., January 9, 1S8S; Samuel C. ; John D. ; 
Gertrude M. ; Annie, who married Alexander W. 
Biddle, of Philadelphia, Penn.; David W. and 
William, Jr. 

ripHE GRAYSON FAMILY of Washington, 
Penn. Nathaniel Grayson, the first of the 
family of whom wo have record, lived ami 
II died in or near Glaslaugh, County Monaghan, 
v Ireland, where he carried on a woolen 
manufactory. He was the father of five children: 
fouraons — George, William, Robert, and Thomas 
ami one daughter — Mary. The family residence 
was called "New Mills," where the youngest son 
died, and William and the late Judge John Gray- 
son were born. George, the eldest son, followed 
the pursuit of his father, and removing to Man 
clicster, England, established a manufactory. Tin' 
family at latest accounts, still reside there. Will- 
iam, the second son of Nathaniel, preceded his 
brother t<> this country, both arriving several years 
prior to the adoption of the Federal Constitution. 
Robert, whose wife was Mary Murdock, of Glas- 
laugh, sister of Robert and John Murdock, prom- 
inent citizens of that place, arrived at New 
Castle, Delaware, in June, 1784, with his wife ami 
son, John, then nine months old, widowed mother 
and son William. He soon purchased property, 
locating in Mifflin, Penn., where at an early period 
his wife and mother died. The family then re- 
moved to Carlisle, Cumberland county, Penn., 
where the sons were reared and educated. After 
the lapse of several years the father married Mrs. 
Jane Kennedy, widow of Thomas Kennedy, who 
tenderly, indulgently and faithfully contributed to 
raise her stepsons, William and John. The latter 
in his diary, speaking of his stepmother, remarks: 
" And even now, in my old age, I recall to mind 
with tender recollection her devotion and anxious 
care and industry, as a wife and mother." The 
children of this marriage were as follows: George, 
Mary, Margaret and Anne. Mr. Robert Grayson, 
as a citizen, occupied a prominent place and took 
an active part in the political events of his day. At 
one time he was sheriff of Cumberland county, and 
died in Carlisle after a well-spent life. 

William was connected with the regular army, 
and stationed at Carlisle barracks. In 1808 he 
was ordered to Fort Wayne, Ind. , where, soon after 
his arrival, he died from fever contracted on the 

Having a taste for the printing business, John 
Grayson at a suitable age commenced to acquire a 
knowledge of the same in Carlisle. After close appli 
cation for four years, he went to Philadelphia and 
entered the book office of William Duane, editor of 
The A urora. From this time until near the break 
ing out of the war of 1812, Mr. Grayson was 
engaged in the printing business at different times, 
in Philadelphia, New York and Baltimore. On 
June 18, 1812, news was received by express from 
Washington, D. C, of the declaration of war by 
Congress against Great Britain, Mr. Grayson be- 
ing in the city of Baltimore at the time. He at 
once enlisted in a volunteer regiment, serving as a 
volunteer in the army until September, 1813, when 
he was honorably discharged; but immediately re- 
enlisted in the regular army, serving as lieutenant 
and adjutant in the regiment to which he belonged 
until the close of the war, participating in many of 
the prominent battles. After the close of the war 
he was appointed by President Madison to the 
corps of artillery to form part of the "New Seventh 
Regiment;" but, wishing to return to private life, 
he resigned his commission September 7, 1815. 
Returning to Baltimore, he entered the book office 
of .iames Kennedy as partner, and remained there 
until after his marriage. On May 9, 1816, he was 
married in Baltimore, Md., by Rev. James Inglis, 
D. D., to Miss Martha Wray, daughter of John 
and Mary Wray, of that city. Mr. Wray came 
from Ireland to this country soon after the Revolu- 
tionary war, settling in Carlisle, Cumberland Co. , 
Penn., where he became an active citizen, being 
identified with the business and political interests 
of the community. He 'was married to Mary, 
daughter of John Robinson, of Chester county, 
Penn. Their family consisted of three children, 
viz., Thomas R., John and Martha, the wife of 
Mr. Grayson. Mr. Wray, the father, died in Bal- 
timore, June, 1819, aged sixty-nine years, and Mrs. 
Wray, having spent a long and useful Christian life, 
died peacefully in the home of Mr. and Mrs. 
Grayson, Washington, Penn., at the advanced age 
of ninety-five. In the year 1817, Mr. Grayson 
purchased in Philadelphia a plant for the establish 
ment of a newspaper. Traveling by stage, he 
proceeded to Washington, Penn., and issued the 
first number of The Examiner on May 28, IS 17, 
of which he was sole proprietor and editor until 
1833, when he took into partnership William Jack. 
This partnership continued several years, when Mr. 
Jack retiring, his son Thomas W. became his 
partner, Mr. Grayson, senior, retiring in 1840. 

Thomas W. Grayson, the eldest son, was born in 
Baltimore, Md., and brought by his parents, an 
infant, when they permanently removed to Wash- 
ington. After his father retired from the editor 
ship, he continued connected with The Examiner 
until May, 1861, when he removed to Meadville, 



Prim., there becoming proprietor aud editor of 
The Crawford County Democrat, and continued to 
edit it for niore than twenty years, when he retired 
on account of ill health. Thomas W. Grayson 
was married to Miss Mary Elizabeth Green, 
daughter of Mr. A. Green, of Washington, D. C. 
Their family consisted of four daughters and one 
son: Miss Annie, now a resident of Washington, 
Penn. ; Mrs. Mary W. Richmond, wife of A. G. 
Richmond, Esq., of Meadville, Penn.; Airs 
Martha Ayres, wife of Samuel Ay res, M. D. , of 
Pittsburgh, Penn. ; Lucy M. (deceased), aud 
Thomas Wray, a resident of Washington, Penn. 
Mr. T. W. Grayson died in Meadville, Penn., May 
20, 1876, and Mrs. Grayson in Washington, Penn., 
in February, 1892. 

The remaining portion of Mr. and Mrs. John 
Grayson's family consisted of four sons and two 
daughters. Of these a son, Stephen, and daughter, 
Mary J. , died in infancy. John Grayson, Esq., 
at present a resident of Pittsburgh, Penn., until 
within a few years a prominent aud useful citizen 
of Washington, was married to Miss Sarah Ellen 
Scott, daughter of Mr. George Scott, of Pittsburgh. 
Their children: Mary, Lizzie, Eleanor, John, John 
T. , William, and Eugene deceased. Anna Moore, 
residing with her parents; Sarah E., wife of Mr. 
Douglas Buchanan, Pittsburgh, Penn., aud Harry 
S., of the same city. 

William Grayson, son of Judge Grayson, gradu- 
ated at Washington College, studied law with John 
L. Gow, Esq., was admitted to the bar. He was a 
young man of fine, scholarly attainments, a close 
student with bright hopes before him, but died just 
entering upon a professional life, lamented by all 
who knew him. 

Miss Martha, the only remaining daughter, is a 
graduate of the Washington Female Seminary, and 
during the principalship of Mrs. Hanna was an in- 
structress in that institution. Being a member of 
the Presbyterian Church, she is much interested 
in the missionary efforts of that body. Miss Gray- 
son resides at and dispenses the hospitalities of the 
homestead. Dr. Wray Grayson resides in his na- 
tive place. At an early age he entered Washing- 
ton College, and graduated in the class of 1840. 
Soon after he commenced reading medicine, finish- 
ing his studies, and receiving his degree at the 
Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, in 1853. 
With the exception of ten years, when engaged in 
hospital practice, Dr. Grayson's entire professional 
life has been spent in his native place. In 1877 
the Doctor was married to Miss Margaret Hazlett, 
daughter of Mr. Samuel Hazlett (banker), of 
Washington, Penn. He is a member of the 
" American Medical Association," "The Pennsyl- 
vania State Medical Society," and the " Washing- 
ton County Medical Society." 

Judge John Grayson's ancestry were adherents 

to the Evangelical Church; and for many years he 
was a member of the First Presbyterian Church, 
Washington, Penn. Reference has already been 
made to his faithful services during the war of 
1812. In after life he was appointed and elected 
to the following official positions: Register of 
wills by Governor Wolf in 1830; re-appointed by 
same in 1833. Appointed, by Governor Porter, 
prothonotary of Washington county, and in 1839 
was elected to same office. In March, 1843, he was 
appointed associate judge of the courts of Wash 
ington county, by Governor Porter; in 1853 was 
appointed, by President Pierce, pension agent; in 
1 SoT was appointed to same by President Buchanan, 
and continued performing the duties of that office 
in Pittsburgh. Penn., until August, 1861. Al 
though a large portion of Mr. Grayson's life was 
occupied with the public duties mentioned, he 
nevertheless took a deep interest in matters per 
taining to the moral and educational improvement 
of the community in which he lived. He was the 
fast friend of educational institutions, and in con- 
nection with other venerated and spirited citizens, 
assisted in establishing the Ladies' Seminary of 
Washington, Penn., performing the duties of 
treasurer of the board of trustees for more than 
thirty years, when advancing age compelled him to 
resign — yet, as a trustee and stockholder, he con 
tinned to take a deep interest in the institution. 
Mr. Grayson retained in a remarkable degree his 
mental vigor, and was interested in everything 
pertaining to the public welfare almost to the hour 
of his death, which event occurred March 11, 1871, 
with the full assurance of a blessed immortality, 
his last words being: " Passing, passing, entering 
through. Peaceful, peaceful, peaceful with God 
in Christ through all eternity." 

Mrs. Grayson died April 20, 1865, at the age of 
seventy-five, leaving the cherished record of a use- 
ful life; loving and affectionate in her home, at 
the same time reaching forth with sympathetic 
heart and generous hand to others. Her memory 
is revered by all who knew her. 

*j""~\ OBERT HAZLETT, head of the Hazlett 
}^C( family of Washington, Penn., with his 
I V, wife, Mary Colwell Hazlett, came to Amer 
JJ -^ iea from Coleraine, Ireland, about the close 
v of the Revolutionary war. They settled in 

Carlisle, Cumberland Co., Penn., where their chil- 
dren, Hugh, Isaac, John and Jane, were born. In 
1793 they concluded to change their residence for 
a home in the South (Kentucky), but upon arriving 
at Washington over the road then traveled from 
Red Stone Fort, they were detained on account of 
a severe storm. The impression made by this 
brief detention was so favorable that they con 
eluded to locate in the then small village of Wash 



iugton, where he commenced business as a dry- 
goods mercbaut. Being successful be purcbased 
property in the central part of tbe town, where his 
sons — Robert and Samuel — and daughters — Mar- 
garet and Mary — were born. (Tbisspot has been in 
possession of the Hazlett family about one hundred 
years, part of tbe third generation being its occu- 
pants at present). Of Robert Hazlett's ancestry 
in Ireland we know but little personally. His 
parents being interested in the highest welfare of 
the family, Robert was sent to Edinburgh (Scot- 
land), to be educated for a clergyman in the Es- 
tablished Church (Episcopal), but that not being 
his desire, he left before taking orders. His 
brother, it is thought, was also at the same univer 
sity, and, being more devout in the faith, became a 
minister in the Anglican Church, and afterward 
was ordained bishop. Mary Colwell Hazlett, as 
nearly as we can trace history, was of Huguenot 
descent (the family name being Reanie). The an- 
cestors escaped from France to England, and went 
from there to the North of Ireland, after the 
"Edict of Nantes" had been revoked, as there was 
"no safety for Protestants but in night from their 
native land." Mary (wife of Robert Hazlett) was 
remarkable for her personal beauty, and great 
force of character. During her residence in Gar 
lisle she became very ardently attached to the 
.Methodist Episcopal Church. With a heart con- 
secrated to the service of Christ, her enthusiastic 
nature and integrity of purpose were wonderfully 
developed by Divine influence. She was not only 
a wise couuselor, judicious mother, in her own 
home, but a tower of strength in the Church of 
her choice. Upon arriving at Washington, not 
finding a Methodist minister, such was her love 
for the Master, she would ride several miles to 
Chartiers Presbyterian Church to hear a sermon 
(Dr. McMillan being the pastor). But her zeal 
urged her to work for her own denomination. Col- 
lecting the few members she could find, she formed . 
a class, and in a short time a Methodist minister 
(Rev. Furlong) held service in an upper room in a 
building used as a market house; afterward in the 
court house, where seats were provided for women 
only, men being obliged to stand. This continued 
until 1801, when, through the kindness of David 
Hoge, a lot was donated at the corner of Franklin 
and Chestnut streets, where a log church was 
speedily built, in which the small congregation 
statedly worshiped, increasing in numbers and re- 
ligious interest until 1816, when, through the in- 
fluence of Mary Hazlett and family, a new brick 
church was erected on Franklin street (now occu- 
pied by Hays & Wilson as a carriage factory). 
As long as health permitted, she was a devout 
worshiper in that church, and when strength 
failed, had a religious meeting weekly at her own 
home, until removed in 1844 to the li City whose 

Maker and Builder is God." Her grandchildren 
and great-grandchildren refer to her memory with 
gratitude and gladness of heart on account of her 
many noble, womanly traits, for surely " Her 
works praise her in the gates." — Prov. xxxi: 31. 
The sons (of Robert and Mary Colwell Hazlett), 
Hugh, Isaac and Robert, left their native State 
(Pennsylvania) when quite young and located in 
Ohio. Hugh married Miss Mary McFadden; had 
three sons, Robert, Thomas, and Hugh; also three 
daughters, Mary, Eliza and Margaret. Second 
son (Isaac) married Miss Matilda Calhoun; their 
sons (three in number) were Robert, Samuel and 
Theodore; daughters, Mary Frances and Matilda, 
the latter being the only surviving member. 
Third sou (John Hazlett) died of fever in early 
manhood, unmarried. Fourth son (Robert) mar- 
ried Miss Lucy Reed, of Putnam, Ohio; bad four 
sons, William, John, George and Charles. The 
latter, Charles E. Hazlett, was educated at West 
Point, and yielded up his life to his country's 
cause on the buttle field of Gettysburg (July 2, 
1 863), while in command of a battery of rifled can 
non of the Fifth Artillery. His superior officer, 
Gen. Weed, being mortally wounded, Lieut. Haz 
lett, while bending over to hear his dying words, 
received his death wound. He is referred to, and 
spoken of in history, as the gallant young Lieut. 
Hazlett. The daughters of Robert and Lucy 
I iced Hazlett were Mary, Elizabeth, Lucy and Mar- 
garet. Jane Hazlett, eldest (laughter of Robert 
and Mary Colwell Hazlett, was married to Dr. 
•lames Wishart, brother of late Dr. John Wishart, 
well and favorably known in Washington and vi- 
cinity. Two children survived their parents, Rob- 
ert and Mary. Second daughter (Mary Hazlett) 
was married to James Acheson Cummins, then a 
resident of Washington, Penn., and afterward re 
moved to the vicinity of Wheeling, W. Va. Their 
sons were Robert, James, and Thomas; daughters, 
Mary, Elizabeth, and Margaret. Eldest son, Dr. 
Robert Cummins, became eminent in his profes- 
sion in his native city (Wheeling). Honored and 
beloved, he was removed by death in the midst of 
his useful career. Dr. James Cummins also prac- 
ticed medicine in the same city. The care of the 
homestead devolved upon Thomas, who never 
married; Elizabeth and Margaret Cummins are 
the only members now surviving. Margaret, 
youngest daughter of Robert and Mary Colwell 
Hazlett, was married to Michael Johns, and died 
in a few short years, leaving one little daughter, 
Mary. Samuel Hazlett married Miss Sarah Johns, 
eldest daughter of the late Thomas and Elizabeth 
Shryock Johns, whose home in earlier days was at 
Chambersburg, Penn. Sons of the latter, six in 
number, were William, Michael, Lewellyn, Edwin, 
Alfred and Thomas; eldest son, Dr. William Johns, 
was a physician of note in Erie, Penn. Dr. Alfred 



Johns died shortly after commencing the practice 
of medicine at Norfolk. Va. There are, at this date, 
but two living members of the family, Elizabeth and 
Hester Ann (Mrs. Day), of Canonsburg, Penn. 
Thomas Johns was of Quaker descent, his family be- 
ing originally from Wales. The family of Samuel 
and Sarah Johns Hazlett, consisted of four sons and 
seven daughters. Thomas, the eldest, an intelli- 
gent, promising son, died of pulmonary disease in 
his early manhood. Robert studied medicine with 
his cousin, the late Dr. Itobert H. Cummins; lo- 
cated in Wheeling and became a very successful 
practitioner; married Miss Mary B. Hobbs, of Bos- 
ton, Mass. ; has four living sons, Howard, Samuel, 
Edward and Robert, active, energetic young busi- 
ness men, interested in progress of Church and 
State, Katharine being the only daughter. Third 
son, Samuel, married Miss Lucy Woodhull, of 
Bangor, Me.; have three living children: Helen, 
eldest and only daughter; Charles R., engaged in 
commission business, Kansas City, Mo. ; Samuel, 
younger son, being associated with his father in a 
banking house. The latter being very much in- 
terested in the Church of his grandparent, has 
has been instrumental in the organization and 
completion of Jefferson Avenue Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, lately erected in Washington, Penn. 
Homer, youngest son of Samuel and Sarah Johns 
Hazlett, died in infancy, as did also Mary, Eliza- 
beth, Matilda and Anna Augusta. The two living 
daughters are Margaret (wife of Dr. Wray Gray- 
son, Washington, Penn.); Mary (Mrs. Joseph H. 
Brown, Pittsburgh, Penn.). Latter had one child, 
Maddie H. Brown, an unusually bright and lovely 
daughter, who was removed from earth to Heaven 
at the early age of fourteen. Sarah Hazlett, the 
late Mrs. S. B. Vowell, was taken away in the 
prime of her useful life, loving and beloved. Her 
husband and three children survive her: Samuel, 
Sarah (Mrs. Edwin F. Brown, in Chicago, 111.) 
and Mary. Samuel Hazlett, youngest son of Rob- 
ert and Mary Colwell Hazlett, was born in 1798, 
upon the spot where he continued to transact busi- 
ness and reside during the greater part of his use- 
ful life. When about fifteen years of age, his 
father died, leaving the widowed mother in Sam- 
uel's care, who devoted himself to her interests 
with tender love and watchfulness during her en- 
tire life; received such an education as the 
times afforded; at an early age engaged in mer- 
cantile business, which he continued until 1837, 
when he became interested in banking business. 
Being public spirited, always looking at the pros- 
perity of his native town, he from time to time en- 
gaged in other pursuits that promised the welfare 
of Washington. At one time he conducted a manu- 
factory of woolen goods, finding ready sale for the 
same, not only in Pennsylvania and Ohio, but ex 
tending to a considerable distance west. The 

large flooring mill (now in possession of Zelt Bros.) 
was also built through the capital and enterprise 
of Samuel Hazlett. He was also the pioneer 
banker of Washington county. Banking facilities 
at that time were so limited that business men had 
to depend for accommodations upon Pittsburgh, 
Wheeling and Brownsville. Moneyed transactions, 
therefore, were not and could not be conducted as 
now, in this section. State banks were in a very 
uncertain condition; counterfeiters of coin and 
paper money carried on their trade almost unre- 
strained, and many things contributed to make 
private banking a business of great risk. Not- 
withstanding all difficulties, knowing the advan- 
tage to the public, and being encouraged by friends 
in the idea of establishing a " banking house, " 
Samuel Hazlett opened an office in Washington, 
in 1837, and continued in the same during the re 
mainderof his life. In his career as a banker, he 
confined himself to what he considered a legiti 
mate banking business. Holding that it was not 
right to place in jeopardy the moneys of depos- 
itors, he never engaged in stock, or other specu- 
lations of like nature. The " Banking House " 
of Samuel Hazlett was a constant success. At t lie 
time of the death of its founder (18(53) it stood 
" first class," not only in this country, but abroad. 
Samuel and Sarah Johns Hazlett were devoted mem 
bers of the M. E. Church, showing their devotion 
to its best interests at home, and in distant mis 
sionary fields, by liberal contributions to its sup 
port — thus proving their faith by their works; 
and their family bear in their heart of hearts the 
remembrance of their unbounded affection, the 
religious principles inculcated in the home train- 
ing, their sense of justice and correct judgment 
which gave direction and guidance to all with 
whom they were connected. Those that " knew 
them best, loved them most." 

ri( B. CALDWELL. Washington county has 
/' \\ possessed many prominent citizens; but 
tj~\\ in all their number can be found no one 
II -* more truly representative, more widely 
and actively awake to the interests of the 
community at large than was the subject of this 
sketch. A self-made man in its truest and broad 
est sense, by his own energy and untiring efforts 
A. B. Caldwell, rose from the humble ranks of a 
poor farm boy, to the proud distinction of being 
one of the most universally respected and influen- 
tial merchant citizens of Washington county. 

The Caldwell family are descended from Scotch- 
Irish ancestry, who were among the pioneer settlers 
of Pennsylvania. The first of the family to settle 
in Washington county was Samuel Caldwell 
(grandfather of subject), who made his cabin home 
with the then scattered settler; o f Buffalo town- 

'^StL/3 <&, 



ship. Here, surrounded by the dangers of those 
early days, enduring the privations which none 
but a pioneer can know, his children were born. 
Of them James Caldwell (father of subject) was 
born in 1797. Upon reaching manhood he married 
Miss Esther McCracken, daughter 'of a neighbor 
iug pioneer. The young couple made their home 
in their native township, and began tilling the soil; 
but some years later, in connection with farming, 
he opened and kept, on the "Old West Pike," the 
"Caldwell Inn," within whose hospitable walls so 
many travelers have found food and shelter. The 
original inn, like its builders, has passed away, 
but in its place stands another hostelry, built on 
the same plan, in 1883, by the subject of this 
sketch. James and Esther Caldwell were the pat- 
ents of the following named children: 'Samuel, 
who died in Missouri; John, who died in Illinois; 
Joseph, William, A. B. and Esther, who resided 
in Washington county, and of whom only Esther is 
now (1893) living. The father of this family died 
in 1839, aged forty-two years, the mother in 1875, 
at the age of seventy five. 

A. B. Caldwell was born in 1828. He was but 
eleven years of age when his father died, thus 
throwing upon the mother the entire care and re- 
sponsibility of the family, and necessitating that 
the children should early participate in the real 
battle of life, and contribute to their own support. 
A woman of sterling character herself, Mrs. Cald- 
well labored earnestly to keep her family together, 
and impress them with the principles of the strict- 
est honesty. Ever entertaining for his mother the 
greatest reverence and affection, her son readily 
imbibed her teachings, that did much to mold his 
after life. At the age of sixteen he went to Clays- 
ville, Washington county, where he clerked for a 
time, and then formed a partnership with a Mr. 
Stillwagen, to conduct a general dry goods busi- 
ness, the firm being known as Caldwell & Still- 
wagen. This partnership continued for three 
years, when, selling the interest to his partner, in 
January, 1852, Mr. Caldwell came to Washington, 
and took charge of William Smith's dry goods 
store, where as manager he remained twelve years. 
In 1858 Mr. Caldwell was united in marriage with 
Miss Mary Lonkert, a member of a most highly 
respected and prominent pioneer family of Wash- 
ington, and of this union ohildren have been bom 
as follows: Minnie, George, Essie, Charles and 
Kate. In 1865 he began business for himself in 
the room now occupied by Brown's dry-goods 
store. Under his efficient management his business 
steadily increased, and in 1873 he erected in Main 
street, opposite the courthouse, one of the finest 
blocks in Washington, which he immediately 
stocked with an extensive line of dry goods, car- 
pets, clothing and merchant tailoring supplies. 

His business soon became the most extensive in the 

place, and his annual receipts averaged from $125 
000 to $140,000. At the time of his death, which 
occurred October 27, 1892, he was the only citizen 
in Washington paying a license of over $100 a 
year, for general business. But, extensive as was 
his business interests in the line enumerated, his 
entire time was by no means absorbed, and he al- 
ways found opportunity and disposition to take an 
active part in every enterprise tending to the 
material improvement or advancement of the social 
and business interests of his town and county. 

The bare probability that beneath the fertile 
tields of Washington county lay stores of buried 
wealth in the shape of oil and gas, was sufficient 
to arouse to activity in Mr. Caldwell his innate 
spirit of leadership, and he became the pioneer in 
these industries, which have in their development 
so largely contributed to the prosperity of western 
Pennsylvania. He drilled quite extensively for oil, 
and ten producing wells in Buffalo township re- 
paid his enterprise and investment. In 1891 he 
organized The Leader Refining Company, of which 
he was the owner, and built on the B. & O. R. R. , 
seven miles west of Washington, a refinery with a 
capacity of 400 barrels per day. At the organiza- 
tion of the People's Light & Heat Company — a 
corporation which supplies the boroughs of Wash 
ington with those two essentials — he became the 
principal stockholder, and was elected its presi- 
dent, a position he held during the rest of his life. 
At the time of his death he was a director of the 
Washington County Fire Insurance Company. 

Mr. Caldwell was a man of wonderful push, 
pluck and perseverance, and it may be truly said 
that no man did more to advance the interests of 
Washington than did he. And these very quali- 
ties, which contributed so largely to the advantage 
of the community at large, brought to him his own 
almost unparalleled success, and made him one of 
the wealthiest men of Washington county. One 
of his especially distinguishing characteristics was 
his love of home. His wife and children were to 
him the dearest objects in life, and his happiest 
moments were those spent by his own fireside sur- 
rounded by his loved ones. His residence on East 
Wheeling street, Washington, one of the hand 
somest in the borough, improved and beautified to 
the highest degree, and surrounded by its broad 
and well-kept lawn, bespeaks the refined and cult- 
ured taste of the once owner. An ardent lover 
of nature, passionately fond of flowers, Mr. Cald- 
well found great comfort in the study of these 
"angels of the grass," and owned the largest pri- 
vate conservatory in western Pennsylvania. Gifted 
with an inquiring mind, he loved to investigate the 
mysteries of nature, of life and death. Sur- 
rounded by the conflict of creeds and theories, in 
the twilight of uncertainty he set his face toward 
the light and sought for Truth, and firmly stood 



by ami fearlessly proclaimed the result of his in- 
vestigation. While many of his friends and neigh- 
bors differed from him in religious opinions ad- 
vanced, not mm was found to <|iiestion the sterling 
honesty of the advocate. Possessing a nature 
sympathetic, generous and just, he was moved by 
the sufferings or misfortunes of his fellow man; the 
open hand of deserving charity found him ever a 
willing giver, and he was just to render unto every 
man his due. While interested in all questions of 
government and State, and a stanch Democrat in 
sentiment, yet he preferred the quiet of home life 
as a private citizen, to the turmoil of political 

On October 27, 1892, after weeks of wasting ill- 
ness, Mr. Caldwell passed from earth, and his re- 
mains now rest on the hillside in the beautiful 
Washington cemetery, which overlooks the town 
where most of his busy life was spent. Years and 
generations yet to be will feel the influence of the 
life of A. B. Caldwell. 

K. E. F. DODD. Among the many intiu- 

Dential and enterprising families of Wash- 
/ ington county, the name of Dodd stands 
among the oldest and must esteemed of the 
early pioneer settlers, and of that honored name 
our subject is a worthy representative. 

Daniel Dodd (1) was born in England, and in 
li'i 12 immigrated to America, locating in Branford, 
Conn., where his son Stephen (1) was born. The 
latter married in Connecticut, and reared a family 
of whom a sou Daniel (2) also married and passed 
his life in that State. Of Daniel's (2) sons are 
recorded the names of Stephen (2), Daniel and 
John. Stephen Dodd (2) was born April 15,1703, 
in Guilford, Conn., and in early life moved to 
New Jersey, first locating in Newark, and finally 
settling in Mendham, same State. Of his chil- 
dren, two sons Thaddeus and Daniel — became 
pioneer settlers of Washington county, Penn. 

Thaddeus Dodd was born March 7, 1740, in 
Newark, N. J. His parents were " poor in worldly 
goods, but rich in faith,'' and his boyhood was 
passed under the influence of the most devout 
Christians, and in the midst of religious revivals. 
In early youth lie evinced a strong inclination for 
study, and passed much of his time in delving into 
the mysteries of mathematics (in which he espe- 
cially excelled) and the ancient languages. On 
Inly is, 1764, he was converted during the prog- 
ress nf a great revival, and this important event 
molded and directed his future life, which was to 
be so full of service for the Master. He entered 
Princeton College in his thirty-first year, and 
graduated in tin- autumn of 1773. The following 
is quoted from the sketch given at the centennial 
celebration of the Ten-Mile Churches, August 28, 
187'J, by Rev. James Allison, D. D. 

Sunn after graduation lie went to Newark, N. .)., 
» here lie married Miss Phoebe Baldwin, and entered upon 

tlir study of theology, under the direction of Rev. Dr. 

McWhorter. One year later he removed to Morristown, 
N. J., and continued the same line of study under Rev. 
Dr. Johns, who had been his first Instructor in Latin. He 
was licensed to preach the Gospel by the Presbyterj "I 

New York, Imt there is no existing record of tin" date at 
which this took place. Through the winter of 1776 77, 
he suffered from a severe attack of inflammatory rheu 
matism; but in the month of March, though still feeble, 
lie Btarted upon a journey to the West. After preaching 
in parts of Virginia and Maryland, he crossed the mount 
ains, visited the settlements on George's creek, Mudd\ 
crick ami Dunlap's creek, and then came to Ten-Mile, 
lie remained here until August, preaching in private 
houses, in the woods, ami in Lindley's and Bell's forts. 
After his return to the East he was ordained by the Pres 
bytery of New York as an evangelist, on some daj of the 
week preceding Sabbath, October 19, 1777, as there is a 
record of baptisms by him on that Sabbath, in which it is 
said that this was the first Sabbath after his ordination. 
Shortly after this he left New Jersey with ids wile and 
daughter (three years old), ami a son still younger, ac- 
companied by two brothers and their families. On the 
10th of November they arrived at Patterson's creek, 
Hampshire Co., Va., and after hearing of the formidable 
attack which had been made by the Indians upon Wheel- 
ing, ami the consequent alarm and confusion prevailing 
in all the frontier settlements, it was thought best nol I.. 
proceed any farther at that time. Hut in a few days he 
crossed the mountains alone, came to Ten-Mile, preached 
in the I'nrts, ami baptized the children. In a short time 
lie returned to his family, and it is not known that he \ is 
ited this place again until he brought his famih and 
settled down permanently in the tall of 1779 — one hun- 
dred years ago. In the interval he had not been idle, 
but had been busily engaged in preaching the Gospel in 
the adjacent parts of Virginia and Maryland, where no 
churches seem to have been then organized, at least there 
were no church buildings, as all the services were held 
at private houses or in the woods, lie was entreated to 
remain, and inducements apparently stronger than an\ 
held out by Ten-Mile were brought to bear upon him, 
but he had given his pledge to the people hen — his heart 
was here and hither he came in September, 1779. 

In personal appearance Thaddeus Dodd is thus 
described: "A pale, slender youth with jet black 
hair, dark, piercing eyes, and a countenance highly 
expressive of mental power and activity." After 
coming to Washington county, Mr. Dodd first re- 
sided aear the Lindleys, in what is now Morris 
township, and on November 22, 1786, he took a 
patent for 400 acres of land in Amwell township, 
called "Fame" (which was situated on the middle 
fork of Ten-Mile creek), and there made his per 
maneiit home. To Thaddeus and Phcebe (Bald 
win) Dodd were born two sons and three daughters: 
Cephas, Stephen, Hannah, Sarah and Mary. The 
Rev. Thaddeus Dodd was an exceptionally cultured 
and scholarly man. His early years of prepara- 
tion and association with the most cultivated minds 
of the day, combined with his natural gifts and 
experience as a teacher, especially fitted him for 
his brilliant and useful career as a leading edu- 
cator and minister of the ( iospel. Always a student 
he was familiar with the languages, and excelled in 
the natural sciences and mathematics. Deeply 



realizing the need of a broader education for young 
men in the West, Dr. Dodd opened a classical and 
mathematical school in 1782, especially designed 
to prepare young men for the ministry. This 
school continued three years and a half. In 1 ilSH 
he became principal of an academy ut Washing- 
ton, Peun., which position he filled fifteen months 
On August lf>, 1871, the first Presbyterian Church 
was organized, and in 1785 the first church build 
ing was erected, but just as the Society was be- 
ginning to grow, and success was crowning his 
efforts, the heroic minister yielded to the disease 
(consumption) that had so long been weakening 
his system, and on May 20, 1793, passed to his re 
ward. His funeral sermon was preached from 
Revelations xiv: 13, by Rev. Dr. McMillan, his as- 
sociate pioneer miuister of Washington county, 
and he was followed to the grave by a grateful 
and sorrowing people, for a "Prince in Israel had 

Cephas Dodd was born October 12, 1789, on his 
father's farm in Amwell township, Washington 
Co., Penn., and studied at home during his earlier 
years, receiving his later education at Canonsburg, 
where he early evinced the ability which distin- 
guished his later life. While a student he spent 
his leisure time in the study of medicine, and at 
the time of his graduation had so thorough a 
knowledge of the science, that he was often con- 
sulted professionally. After leaving college, he 
entered the ministry, in which he zealously labored 
many years, but when his skill as a physician be 
came known, his services were sooften needed that he 
continued to practice both professions till his death. 
He preached his last sermon and visited a distant 
patient two days before yielding to his last sick- 
ness. He practiced both in Greene and Washing- 
ton counties. In 1805 Cephas Dodd was united 
in marriage with Ruth Flenniken, of Greene county, 
Penn., and the young people immediately settled 
in Amwell township, this county, where the follow- 
ing children were born: Jane (Mrs. Dr. .Simon 
Strouss), Sarah (Mrs. John McFarland), Thad- 
deus, Cornelia, Eliza, Hannah, James, Cephas and 
Elias F. In reference to the personal qualities 
of Cephas Dodd, we quote the following from*the 
address of Rev. Allison: "This sou (Cephas) is 
said to have possessed a clear and strong mind, 
enriched by manly culture and varied learning; 
remarkable gentleness anil amiability of temper; 
great practical wisdom; a tranquil and steady 
piety; high devotion and loyalty as a friend; in 
short, a combination of qualities, a character com- 
plete, harmonious and symmetrical in an unusual 
degree." Concerning his work as a pastor, Rev. 
Allison says: "He was the second successor of his 
honored father, and was installed as pastor of the 
Ten-Mile congregations in Amity, with, as Dr. 
Wines declares, ' the open canopy of heaven for a 

temple, the snow for a carpet, and the wind whis- 
tling through the leafless branches of the trees as 
an accompaniment to the solemn music, as it 
pealed forth from a choir of hundreds of voices. ' " 
In politics Cephas Dodd was an adherent of the 
Whig party. He died January 10, 1858. 

Dr. Elias F. Dodd, the subject proper of this 
sketch, was born December 1, 1823, in Amwell 
township, Washington Co., Penn., and passed his 
youth on the home farm until the year 1841, then 
he entered Washington College, from which he 
was graduated in 1848. After his graduation he 
at once began the study of medicine, commencing 
to practice in 1853, and has since followed the 
profession, being now regarded as one of the had 
ing physicians of the county. On May 12, 1853, 
he was married to Margaret, daughter of Eli Brad 
ford, of Greene county, Penn., and immediately 
afterward settled in Franklin township, this 
county. In 1867 he moved to his present resi- 
dence. Dr. and Mrs. Dodd have had a family of 
four children: Cephas T., Lillie J. (deceased in 
infancy), Elias F. (also deceased in infancy), and 
Samuel B. (on the home farm). Of these Samuel 
B. married Mary O, daughter of David Clark, of 
Buffalo township, and two children have been born 
to them: Lizzie ami William; Samuel I!, was a 
school director. Dr. Elias F. Dodd has always 
been a leading member of the Whig ami Repub- 
lican parties, and for the past two years has been 
a justice of the peace. 

Dr. Cephas T. Dodd was born April 2f, 1854, 
on the home farm in Franklin township, Washing 
ton Co., Penn., and received his general education 
at Washington and Jefferson College. He secured 
his medical training at Cleveland Medical College, 
from which he was graduated in March, 1881, and 
he then immediately began practice as a physician. 
On June 30, 1881, he was united in marriage with 
Ella C, daughter of James W. Patterson, and two 
sons have come to cheer their home: John A., 
born September 7, 1882, and Frank O, born July 
23, 1888. In politics Dr. Cephas T. Dodd is a 
Republican. In 1877 he was clerk in the treasury 
office at Washington, and traveled for four mouths 
over the county under Col. A. L. Hawkins, county 
treasurer, collecting taxes; in 1879 he was chief 
clerk in the county treasurer's office under S. C. 
McGregor, county treasurer. 

I|AMES W. PATTERSON, in his day a lead- 
ing citizen of Franklin township, was born 
ft II May 1, 1815, in Washington county, Penn. 
*-^ He attended the subscription schools of the 
home neighborhood, and early evinced an 
unusual aptitude for business. He began life with 
but little financial aid, and November 1, 1836, was 
married to Caroline Van Kirk, who was born 



July 1, 1817. Some time after their marriage the 
young couple moved to Athens county, Ohio, where 
they lived two years, and then came to Franklin 
township, Washington county, where he purchased 
an improved farm, upon which he erected tine 
buildings, and was extensively engaged in agricult- 
ural pursuits, becoming a very prosperous busi- 
ness man, and dealing in stock and wool. Mrs. 
Patterson died March 11, 1862, leaving a family 
of eleven daughters, namely: Parmelia, wife of 
John N. Andrews; Mahala A., deceased; Sarah, 
wife of Hiram McOlain; Evaline, married to Oliver 
L. Hart; Minerva, deceased wife of C, M. Minton; 
Mary P., wife of Joseph Hunter; Miranda V., 
married to B. C. Lindley; Emma, deceased; Ella 
0., wife of Dr. Cephas T. Dodd; Caroline L., wife 
of Joseph M. Clark, and Martha A. , married to 
Clarence Manon. For his second wife Mr. Patter- 
son was married, on August 15, 1S65, to Mrs. Ann 
Elliott, who died October 20, 1885, having been 
preceded to the grave by her husband, May 24, 
1884. Mr. Patterson was a member of the Demo 
cratic party. He was actively interested in relig- 
ious matters, and contributed liberally to the sup 
port of the Master's cause; he was an elder of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church at the time of 
his death. 

J I AMES Q. McGIFFIN. Nathaniel McGiffin, 
great-grandfather of this gentleman, was a 
) native of Scotland, from whence he removed 
to Ireland in his youth, with his father's 
family. He came to America prior to the Revolu- 
tionary war. entered the Continental army, in 
which he served, participating in the battles of 
Brandywine and Trenton, and experiencing the 
memorable winter of Valley Forge. He served for 
a time under Gen. La Fayette and received an 
honorable discharge at the end of the war, signed 
by Gen. Washington. By occupation he was a 
farmer, and about the year 1781 he made a settle 
ment on Ten Mile creek, Amwell township, this 
county, where he died. He had two children, 
viz.: one daughter, Elizabeth, married to Jacob 
Cook, a farmer, who died in Texas. 

His only son, Thomas, was born in Amwell 
township, in this county, January 1, 1784, and re- 
ceived his education at Canonsburg Academy, 
studied law with Parker Campbell, Esq., and was 
admitted to the bar of Washington county, in 
February, 1807. He commenced practice at Vin- 
cennes. Ind., and was also admitted at St. Louis, 
to practice in the then Territory of Louisiana. 
In 1809 he roturned to Washington county, and 
during the remainder of his life continued in prac- 
tice in the chief borough and in adjoining counties, 
a portion of the time in partnership with John L. 
Gow. Sr. At the same time he carried on his 

farm in Amwell township, which he stocked with 
thoroughbred cattle from Henry Clay's farm in 
Kentucky. He enjoyed the friendship of Mr. 
Clay, with whom he interchanged letters expres 
sive of mutual esteem and confidence. He was 
interested in politics, and in 1 836 represented the 
county in the Legislature. Thomas McGitlin was 
one of the contractors who built the Cumberland 
road, also known as the "National Road,'' and had 
large contracts in Washington and Fayette 
counties, Penn., and in Virginia; associated with 
him in the enterprise were Maj. John H. Ewing, 
Judge Baird and others. He was married to 
Maria Norton, a native of Connecticut. To Thomas 
and Maria (Norton) McGiffin were born children 
as follows: Nathaniel (deceased), who was a mer- 
chant in Knox county, Ohio; Thomas, Jr. (de- 
ceased in 1890, at the age of seventy years), was 
an attorney in Washington, Penn., having been 
admitted to the bar in 1S41 (in 1865 he removed 
to Fairfield, Iowa, where he carried on farming); 
George Wallace (died in Washington, Penn., 
when young); Philo Norton (died in boyhood); 
Norton, the father of the subject of this sketch; 
Maria, married to Thomas Boyd, died in Connells- 
ville, Penn.; Julia, married to Rev. William Ham 
ilton, for years a missionary among the Indians, 
is deceased ; Margaret, married to Rev. W. B. Mc- 
Ilvaiue, formerly of East End, Pittsburgh, late of 
Peoria, 111. (deceased), died at the latter place in 
February, 1891 ; Ann, unmarried, lives in Peoria. 
The father of this family was an able lawyer, a 
genial wholesouled man, and enjoyed the esteem 
of a wide circle of friends. 

Norton McGiffin, son of Thomas, Sr. , was born 
January 23, 1824, in Washington, Washington Co., 
Penn., and received his primary education at the 
public schools of the borough, after which he at 
tended Washington College, from which he grad 
uated in 1841. Subsequently, for a period of two 
years, he read law with Nathaniel Ewing, Esq., at 
Uniontown, Penn., and then, the Mexican war 
having broken out, he enlisted in the First Regi 
ment Pennsylvania Volunteers, Company K (this 
company was known as the " Du Quesne Greys"), 
at Pittsburgh, and served throughout the entire 
struggle, participating in the siege of Pueblo, the 
storming of the Castle of Chapultepec, City of 
Mexico and Vera Cruz. His company was sur 
rounded in the streets of Pueblo, and the greater 
part of it was cut to pieces, but he escaped serious 
injury. At the close of this war he was commis- 
sioned colonel by the governor of Pennsylvania. 
On his return to the pursuits of peace he was 
elected treasurer of Washington county, serving 
from 1849 to 1852, after which he farmed until he 
was elected sheriff, an incumbency he tilled from 
1859 to L861. In response to President Lincoln's 
call for 75,0011 volunteers in the war of the Rebel 



lion, he led the first company that left Washing- 
tun for the front, known as the "Washington In- 
visibles. " This company left Washington April 
20, 18*31, and in Pittsburgh was incorporated as 
Company E, in the Twelfth P. V. I., upon the or- 
ganization of which Norton McGiffin was elected 
lieutenant colonel. At the close of the three 
mouths' service Col. McGiffin was commissioned 
lieutenant colonel of the Eighty fifth P. V. I., 
Col. J. B. Howell, under Gen. McClellan, serving 
in the Peninsular campaign, during which he was 
stricken with disease from which he still suffers. 
Being disabled, he resigned his commission and 
returned to Washington, a mere shadow of his 
former self. About the close of the war he went 
to Ohio county, W. Va., where he resided until 
1870, then returned to Washington county. In 
1880 he was elected to the House of Represents 
lives, serving until 1882, in which year he re- 
moved to Ida Grove, Ida Co., Iowa, where he 
engaged in farming. In 1886 he proceeded to 
Fair Haven, Cayuga Co., N. Y.,and in 1890 was 
appointed U. S. Consul at Port Rowan, on Lake 
Erie. Ontario (Canada), witli headquarters at Sim- 
coe, a few miles further north. On March 1 3, 
1892, he was appointed TJ. S. Consid at Port Hope, 
Canada, where he now resides. In 1853 he wan 
married to Miss Sarah Houston, daughter of Janus 
Quail, one of the early settlers of North Strabane 
township, having come about the year 1816; of 
his children, William lives near Topeka. Kans. ; 
Alexander in Ida Grove, Iowa, and a daughter 
(Mrs. George F. McCombs) in Allegheny. Penn. To 
Col. and Mrs. McGiffin were born six children, five 
of whom are yet living, viz. : Sallie Quail, widow 
of G. W. Henshaw, of Virginia; Thomas, living 
at Honolulu, Sandwich Islands; James Quail, sub- 
ject proper of these lines; Philo Norton, superin 
tendentof the " Imperial Chinese Naval College" 
at We Hai Wei, China (he is a graduate of the 
U. S. Naval Academy, at Annapolis, Md., and for 
a time was in the II. S. Navy); and Nathaniel, at 
present a student at Hamilton College, New York. 
James Quail McGiffin was born September 21, 
1856, in Amwell township, this county, at the 
common schools of which place he received his 
primary education. Afterward he entered Wash- 
ington and Jefferson College, but while in the 
sophomore year he left for California, where he 
remained four years. On his return to Wash- 
ington, in 1878, he read law with John W. Donnan, 
Esq., and was admitted to the bar of Washington 
county, January 9, 1882. In the spring of the 
same year he moved to Ida Grove, Iowa, where he 
remained, engaged in the practice of law till March 
1891, when he returned to Washington and re- 
sumed the practice of his profession. In Decem- 
ber, 1884, Mr. McGiffin was married to Miss Carrie, 
daughter of Noble Ruggles, of Manchester, Iowa, 

and twochildren have come to brighten their home: 
Norton and Helen Elizabeth. Politically our sub- 
ject is a Republican. 

JfAMESK. MITCHELL, one of the representa- 
tive business citizens of Washington, and a 
| typical self made man, is a native of Mis 
souri, born in Pike county August 1 ">, 1853 
His grandfather, Alexander Mitchell, in an early 
day made a settlement, in company with his 
brother Andrew, at Short Creek, W. Va.. on a 
farm. Alexander married a Miss Jacobs, a native 
of near Welisburg, that State, and children as fol 
lows were born to them: Isaac, who died in St. 
Louis, Mo. (one of his sons, John, is clerk of the 
county courts at Wheeling, W. Va. ;two other sons 
— Zachariah, an attoi nev. and Samuel, a merchant — 
live in St. Louis, Mo. I; Samuel, who died in 
Wheeling, W. Va. ; Jane, who died December 9, 
1892, and Zachariah, the father of James K. 

Zachariah Mitchell was born in 1816, in Wesf 
Virginia, where he was reared to agricultural pur- 
suits, which he followed for some time; later he 
became a contractor in Texas, where he was living 
at the time of the breaking out of the Rebellion; 
he served in the Confederate army as a commis 
sary. The war crippled him financially, and at 
the close of the struggle he went to Lexington, 
Mo , where he died in 1882. He was a Democrat 
in his political predilections, and at one time was 
assessor for Clay county. In Wheeling, W. Va. , 
he was married to Miss Ann, daughter of George 
Baird, who was a son of Absalom Baird, of Revolu- 
tionary fame, and the children born to this union 
were George B. ; Alexander, treasurer of the 
Mutual Savings Bank of Wheeling; Martha B. ; 
Isaac W., and James K. The mother died in 
Missouri August 28, 1853, when the subject of 
these lines was two weeks old. 

Until the age of five years James K. Mitchell 
was reared at the home of his uncle, Isaac Mitchell, 
in St. Louis, Mo., and was then brought by the 
family to Washington, this county. Here he at- 
tended the public schools, and at the age of four- 
teen commenced to work in the Baird grocery as 
clerk, remaining there till 1882, a period of fifteen 
years. In that year he bought an interest in the 
Budke Manufacturing Company, manufacturers of 
powder cans, at Canonsburg, where the sheet-iron 
mills, in which his brother George B. Mitchell had 
an interest, were looated. The latter was also con- 
nected with the Riverside Iron Works of Wheel- 
ing; he died in March, 1890, leaving a widow and 
two children, now living in Washington. In 1884 
our subject sold out his interest in the powder can 
industry to the Canonsburg Iron Company, and on 
January 1, 1885, embarked in the grain and agri- 
cultural implement business in Washington 



borough, in partnership with -I. A. Howden, their 

place of business being situated where the B. & O. 
R. R. station now stands. Tn this they continued 
till the following January, when Mr. Mitchell 
bought out his partner's interest, and his uncle, 
A. T. Baird, became associated with him, which 
arrangement remained in force until the death of 
Mr. Baird in March, 1887. In January, 1888, 
Mr. John W. Seaman became partner with Mr. 
Mitchell in the general hardware and house fur- 
nishing business, under the tirm name of Mitchell 
& Seaman. This partnership continued until May, 
1892, when Mr. Mitchell sold his interest to Mr. 
J. W. Seaman and rented the room on the corner 
of Main and Wheeling streets, from W. C. Bryson, 
and organized " The Dime Savings Institution of 
Washington," which was opened for business Jan- 
uary 1, 1893, with Dr. Thomas McKennan aspres 
ident and Mr. Mitchell as cashier. 

On July 14, 1885, Mr. Mitchell was united in 
marriage with Miss Frances J., daughter of Joseph 
F. Osborne, of Clarksburg, W. Va., whose family 
were originally of Fayette county, Penn., whence 
they moved to West Virginia. To this union have 
been born three children: Osborne, Baird and 
Susan Baird. Politically Mr. Mitchell is a Repub- 
lican, and has served his borough as treasurer. 
For the past six years he has been treasurer of the 
Western Pennsylvania Agricultural Association, 
and is at present treasurer of the Mutual Building 
and Loan Association. He has been a member of 
the First Presbyterian Church of Washington since 
1870, and in 1884 was elected an elder in same. 

f/OHN A. BEST. John Best, Sr., was born in 

Benburb, County Armagh, Ireland, in May, 

frlf 1780. From his early training and constant 

-^ reading in the land of his nativity, he learned 
much of the United States, and tier progress. 

He and his wife landed in Philadelphia in 1811, 
an 1 thence journeyed over the Alleghany mount- 
ains in a wagon to Pittsburgh, and hearing of 
Washington county as a great wool-growing sec 
tion, he concluded that the county seat, or its 
neighborhood, would be a proper place to settle in, 
and to that place he went, not by stage or railroad, 
but by wagon, then the only mode of conveyance. 
He purchased the property on the northeast corner 
of Beau and Franklin streets, and there erected 
and engaged in the wool-carding business, where 
the first stationary engine in Washington county 
was placed and owned by him. He remained as a 
prominent citizen of Washington till 1850, when 
his two sons, John and William, purchased farms 
near New Concord, Guernsey Co., Ohio. His 
wife being dead, and his daughter married to James 
S. Biishfield, he concluded to leave his adopted 
town and go and live with them, John Best, Sr., 

while still a resident of Washington was one of the 
committee to receive Gen. La Fayette on his last 
visit to this country when he was on his way over 
the old National pike to visit George Washington 
at Mount Vernon. John Best, Sr., was a Mason, 
having entered that order in Ireland, in Lodge 
No. 722, whicli Lodge was orjganized in 1788, his 
own father having procured its charter from 
the Grand Lodge of Ireland, and the meetings 
were held in his house. He died in 1878 at the 
advanced age of ninety-eight years, the oldest 
Mason at that time in the country. 

John Best had four sons to survive him: Samuel. 
James, John and William. Samuel married Miss 
Isabella Dickson, to whom were born Isabella D., 
wife of John Woodcock, of McCune, Kans. ; Ellen 
R., wife of R. A. Anderson, of Claysville, Penn., 
and John A. Samuel Best died in New Orleans 
of yellow fever, and his wife died in Buffalo town- 
ship, Washington county, in 1881, at the age of 
seventy-five years, a devout Christian, and a loving 
and beloved mother, esteemed by all who knew her. 

John A. Best, the son of Samuel and Isabella 
Best, was born in Washington, May 20, 1838. In 
1853 he was a newsboy on the Examiner, a 
weekly newspaper owned at that time by Thomas 
Grayson, shortly after which he learned the print- 
ing trade on the same paper. He worked at his 
trade on the Pittsburgh Dispatch, for some time, 
and then went to New York. After being there 
some time he returned to Pittsburgh and started a 
steam job printing office, and branched out into the 
mercantile business, which he has been in ever since. 
On Thanksgiving Day, 1 860, he moved to Washing- 
ton, and opened a general store and printing office 
on the corner of Main and Chestnut streets, where 
the Washington Observer was first printed by him 
under the editorship of Horace Durant. During 
the financial panic of 1873 he failed and lost every- 
thing, leaving him in debt, but he has since paid 
every cent that he ever owed, and now owns one 
of the largest businesses in the county, occupy- 
ing No. 73, 75, 77, 79, 81, 83 and 85 North Main 
street, and constantly adding to it; he is not only 
progressive but aggressive, and that is the secret of 
his success. 

On September3, 1803, Mr. Best married Jennie 
D., daughter of John E. Roberts, of Hartford, 
Conn. . and there were born to them seven children. 
five of whom are still living: GrattanG, Nellie 
M. , Albion E., Jennie I. and John A., Jr. Mis 
Best is an active worker in the W. C. T. U., of 
which she is president, and devotes a great deal of 
time to local charity and doing good. In 1879 
Mr. Best, with some other public-spirited citi- 
zens, built the Washington Lead Works, which 
were destroyed by fire in 1883. He is a believer 
in Divine healing, and is president of the board of 
directors of Bethany Home, No. 113 Centre 



avenue, Pittsburgh, an institution for the educa- 
tiou of young men for the ministry and mission- 
ary field. 

(Jrattan G., son of John A. and Jennie D. Best, 
was born in Pittsburgh, Penn., June 0, 1864. 
He came in 1869 with his father to Washington, 
where he was educated, spending two years at 
Trinity Hall, being the first scholar enrolled in 
that institution, and then went to Washington and 
Jefferson College, class of 1885. He studied 
bookkeeping at Duff's Commercial College, Pitts 
burgh, and has ever since been in business with 
his father. Mr. Best is a member of the Masonic 
Fraternity, being past eminent commander of Jac 
ques de Molay Commandery No. 3, the second 
oldest Commandery in the State, and is a thirty- 
second degree Mason. At the time Mr. Best was 
eminent commander he was the youngest command 
er in the State. On February 25, 1886, Grattan 
G. Best married Carrie, daughter of Jonathan 
Brownlee, of Bulfalo township. Mr. Best is a 
practical printer, and now publishes the Weekly 
Financial Economist. He says he does not re 
member the time when he could not set a stick of 
type, as he was raised in a printing office. He is 
very much interested in Sabbath school work, and 
is superintendent of Jefferson Avenue M- E. 
Church Sunday school, also president of the Ep 
worth League. 

nearly forty years a resident of the borough 
of Washington, and one of the leading 
physicians of the county, is a native of 
Ohio, having been born in Atwater township, Port- 
age county, March 6, 1830. 

The family name is one of prominence in the 
Buckeye State. John H. Whittlesey, grandfather 
of the Doctor, was the fifth person to settle in At- 
water township, Portage Co., Ohio, making a home 
for himself and family in the wild woods. He 
was a soldier in the war of 1812. Elisha Whit- 
tlesey, who was member of Congress from 1S23 to 
1839, and first comptroller of the IT. S. Treasury 
for nearly thirty years, and William Whittlesey, 
who represented his district in the Ohio State 
Senate in 1839, and was eleoted to Congress in 
1848, and also Charles Whittlesey, the State geolo- 
gist of Ohio, were near relatives. Friend Whit- 
tlesey, cousin of our subjeot, is a niember of the 
present Ohio Legislature. 

John B. Whittlesey, father of Dr. F. Whittlesey, 
now aged eighty-seven years, is still living in Ohio, 
where he has followed farming. He was married, 
in 1828, to Emeline Mix, of Atwater, who died in 
Portage county, Ohio, in 1866, leaving four chil- 
dren: Frederick (subject), Mary (now deceased). 
Emma (wife of Rev. Wilson, of Canton, Ohio), and 

Charles (killed on the railroad, in 1867, when 
thirty-five years of age); Julia Helen, the third 
child in order of birth, died in infancy. 

Frederick Whittlesey received his literary edu- 
cation entirely in his native county, where he also 
read medicine, finishing his studies in 1855. He 
then commenced the practice of his profession in 
Portage county, but in 1856 he came to this 
county, taking up his residence in Washington, 
where he has since remained and built up an envi 
able practice which extends to all portions of the 
State, his specialty being chronic diseases. In 
1851 the Doctor was united in marriage with Miss 
Laura L. Teel, of Alliance, Ohio, who died in 1853, 
leaving one child, Josephine, wife of Amos Benja 
min, of Portage county, Ohio. In 1855 the Doc 
tor was married, the second time, to Mrs. Hannah 
Chittendon, of Youngstown, Ohio, who died June 
3, 1892. Socially the Doctor is a member of the 
Masonic Fraternity, in which he held the position 
of D. D. G. M. for ten successive years, and is the 
present treasurer of the Chapter and Commandery. 
In politics he is a Republican. The Doctor is not 
a member of any church. His religious views are 
inclined to be agnostic, and while very decided in 
his opinions, lie is not in the habit of thrusting his 
ideas upon others whom he has reason to believe 
differ with him. He believes that enlightened 
human reason, untrammeled by prejudice, is the 
highest tribunal known to man, and that every ra- 
tional being has a right to decide for himself all 
questions pertaining to his present or future wel- 

GOL L. M. MARSH, one of the representative 
business men of Washington, was born June 
24, 1S24, at Orange, Essex Co., N. J., the 
eldest child of Abraham R. and Sarah 
(Munn) Marsh, both natives of New Jersey. 

Abraham R. Marsh, father of our subject, was 
born July 8, 1800, in Rahway, N. J., where he 
was reared and educated. He learned the trade of 
shoemaker, which he followed in connection with 
storekeeping for many years, and he lived to a 
patriarchal age, dying in 1890, when ninety years 
and two days old. He had married Sarah, daugh- 
ter of David Munn, of New Jersey, and their chil- 
dren were L. M., David, Stephen, Harriet, George, 
Abraham, Charles, and Henry and Mary (twins). 
The mother died in Huron county, Ohio, in 1800, 
aged fifty-eight years. The father of this family 
was a Whig in politics, but a Republican as soon as 
that party was organized. In religious connection 
he was an old-time member of the Presbyterian 
Church, in which for sixty years he was an elder. 
Col. L. M. Marsh passed his boyhood in his 
native county until he was thirteen years old, when 
he accompanied his parents to Coshocton, Ohio, 



the family residing there two years, then moved to 
Huron county, Ohio, where they mude their home 
some years. Our subject remained in Coshocton 
county until he was twenty-one years old, and then 
proceeded to Marietta, Ohio, where he worked at 
the tailor's trade, which he had learned in Coshoc- 
ton county. From Marietta he moved to West 
Virginia, remaining there until 1862, in which 
year ho joined Company E, Tenth W. Va. Volun- 
teer Infant iv, as captain, whicli regiment was as- 
signed to the army of the Potomac, and did guard 
duty throughout the early part of their service. 
At the battle of Kernstown he was wounded in the 
foot, and was left on the field, where he was capt 
ured by the Confederates, who took him to Libby 
prison. After two months' confinement there he 
was paroled, and iu six mouths thereafter was ex 
changed. During the six months he was on duty 
as member of a Court Martial at Baltimore, Mil. 
He rejoined his regiment, and shortly after was 
mustered out with the command, our subject being 
then lieutenant-colonel. Col. Marsh then came to 
Washington, Penn., where he was for the next two 
years engaged as a bookkeeper, and then (1870) 
received the appointment as secretary and treasurer 
for the Washington County Fire Insurance Com- 
pany, which position he still tills. He also does a 
large real-estate business, his son, Addison C. , being 
associated with him, the style of the firm being L. 
M. Marsh & Son. On January 14, 1850, Col. 
Marsh was married to Louisa, daughter of Asa 
McCollum, of Washington county, and two chil- 
dren were born to them, viz.: Ella (Mrs. William 
S. Parker) and Addison C. Our subject is a mem 
ber of the M. E. Church; in politics he was 
originally a Whig, and since the organization of 
the party has been a Republican. 

AMUEL M. CHARLTON, proprietor of the 

well-known and long established confection- 
J 1 ery business iu Washington, comes of Ger 

man ancestry. His grandfather, Robert 
Charlton, a native of Germany, came to Washing 
ton county in 1813, and died at, Cook's Place, 
Chartiers township, iu 1828, his wife (who had ac- 
companied him from the Fatherland) dying some 
time later. They had a family of seven children, 
of whom only one, James, survives — his home being 
in Iowa. 

Samuel Charlton, eldest son of Robert, was born 
in Germany and came with his parents to this 
country and county. By occupation he was a 
wagoner, or teamster, on the National Pike be- 
tween Washington, Penn., and Baltimore, Md. 
He was twice married: first time to Miss Shipe, 
who died leaving two children: Robert (now de- 
ceased) and Frank (in Manuington, W. Va.). His 
second marriage was with Mrs Elizabeth Morrow, 

net- Hewey, a lady of Irish parentage, and they 
had a family of live children, as follows: John H. , 
in Washington; Mary, wife of Fred Hood, of 
Washington; Susan, also in that borough: l{e 
becca, deceased wife of Henry Llewellen (she died 
in 1874), and Samuel M., subject of sketch. The 
parents soon after marriage came to live in the 
borough of Washington, where the father died 
about the year 1S58, at the age of sixty years, the 
mother in 1S75, aged sixty five. 

Samuel M. Charlton was born in Washington. 
this county, in 1847, and received a liberal edu- 
cation iu the schools of the borough. In boy- 
hood he learned the trade of tobacconist with 
Thomas McKean, and followed same for fourteen 
years in his native town. In 1870 he opened a 
confectionery store on Main street, and in 1889 
removed it to East Maiden street, where he has 
since continued. In 1871 Mr. Charlton was united 
in marriage with Eliza, daughter of William Hays, 
of Way nesburg, Greene Co. , Penn. Her parents 
at one time lived iu Washington county, whence 
tliey moved to Greene county, where her widowed 
mother now lives; her father at one time was clerk 
of the courts of Washington county. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Hays were born children as follows: James, 
John, Eliza, Catherine, Margaret, George, Ella and 
Matilda. Six children have been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Samuel M. Charlton, viz.: Sarah Hedge and 
William Hays (both deceased), and Alfred W., 
Nannie E., Marion Elizabeth and Sabina Pearl, 
all living at home. Politically Mr. Charlton is a 
Republican, and, in religious connection, a member 
of the First Presbyterian Church of Washington. 

\ILLIAM SMITH, who iu his lifetime was 
one of the most prominent and enterpris 
ing citizens of Washington borough, was 
a native of Beaver county, Penn., born 
near Darlington, August 15, 1800. 
Until he was twenty years of age he worked on 
his father's farm, and in 1821, in company with 
his brother James, he came to Washington and 
opened a general store. The brothers remained in 
the borough about one year, and then removed to 
Philadelphia, where they engaged in the same bus- 
iness on Market street, on a more extensive scale. 
They met with success, but about the year 1825, 
owing to the failing health of James, the business 
was disposed of, and the brothers returned to 
western Pennsylvania, William locating in Union- 
town, where he once more embarked in mercantile 
business. In 1828 he returned to Washington and 
opened a store in a house where the Watson block 
now stands, south of the Public Square. The busi 
ness from the very start proved a success. In 1835 
he purchased from Rev. Thomas Hogue the north 
east corner of Main and Beau streets, to which he 






moved his store. Prior to this he had bought of 
Judge Baird the "Round Corner." Id 1 SOI he 
erected the magnificent brick and iron structure on 
the northwest corner of Main and Beau streets, 
known as the "Iron Hall." In 1S53 he received 
his son William W. into partnership, the name of 
the tirm becoming William Smith & Son, which yet 
remains. At an early day, Mr. Smith commenced 
a private banking business, which he also made a 
succesB, and on his retiremenl from active business 
life about the year 1807, the private banking 
house of William Smith & Son was firmly estab- 

While a resident of Uniontowu Mr. Smith met 
Miss Wrenshall, of Pittsburgh, whom he subse- 
quently (1828) married in Steubenville, Ohio, to 
which union were born two children, of whom W. 
W., the present head of the business, survives; the 
other one was Fanny Fielding, who became the 
wife of Ferdinand Varro. In the fall of 1861, af- 
ter a long and painful illness, Mrs. Smith died, 
and her husband subsequently married, in Pbila 
delphia, Mrs. Newell (a widow) of that city, a 
daughter of John Simes, one of the early citizens 
of Washington. Several years afterward, Mr. 
Smith, having retired from business, purchased a 
pleasant home in Philadelphia, to which he re- 
moved, and here his second wife died in the winter 
of 1886. He continued to reside in Philadelphia 
till the spring of the following year, when he re- 
turned to Washington, where he peacefully and 
painlessly passed away on Tuesday evening, July 
12, 1887, in the eighty-seventh year of his age. 
Mr. Smith was in his younger life an adherent of 
the Covenanter Church, but while a resident of 
Washington he was an active member of the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church. When he removed 
to Philadelphia he connected himself with the 
United Presbyterian Church, under whose banner 
he died. 

W. W. Smith was born August 15, 1830, in 
Washington, Penn., a son of William and Fanny 
(Wrenshall) Smith. His elementary studies were 
pursued in the preparatory department of Wash- 
ington College, under Prof. Robert Milligan, and 
in 1848 he entered the freshman class. After his 
graduation, in 1852, he commenced commercial 
life in his father's dry-goods store and banking 
office, becoming a partner in 1853, as already re- 
lated. Mr. Smith had studied law in the office of 
Robert H. Kuntz, but was not admitted to the bar, 
having exclusively devoted himself to the business 
upon which he had entered. During the Civil 
war he served as a volunteer aid-de-camp on the 
staff of Gen. U. S. Grant, both in the Southwest 
and in Virginia. On June 13, 1807, he married 
Miss Emma Willard McKennan, daughter of Judge 
William McKennan, of the United States Court, of 
whom prominent mention is made elsewhere. To 

this union were born two children: William Me 
Kennan, assisting bin father in the management of 
his business, and Ulysses S. Grant, instructor of 
military tactics and calisthenics at Trinity Hall. 
The mother died in IST'.I. Among the many dis 
tinguished guests present at the wedding of Mr. 
and Mrs. W. W. Smith were Gen. U. S. Grant 
(who was a frequent visitor at their pleasant home), 
wife and sons, and of the General's staff were pres- 
ent Gen. Hilyer and Col. William Dunn. 

Mr. Smith was elected treasurer of the Episcopal 
Church in 1853, holding said office until 1892; was 
three times representative of the diocese of Pitts 
burgh in the general conventions of the church, 
held respectively in Boston (1877), in New York 
(1880) and in Philadelphia (1SS3), and for many 
years has been one of the board of trustees of 
Washington and Jefferson College. He is pro- 
prietor and Rector of Trinity Hall, a select board- 
ing school for boys in Washington, Penn. He is 
the owner of much valuable business property in 
Washington borough, including the well-known 
"Iron Hall" block; of numerous fine farms in the 
county; lands in Florida and West Virginia, be 
sides valuable residence property in Philadelphia 


In 1860 Mr. W. W. Smith became owner, by 
purchase, of this fine property where he resided 
until the death of his wife. The school was es 
tablished in 1879 by Mr. Smith, mainly in order 
that his own sons should be instructed at their 
home. The original building was erected in 1857 
as a private residence, owned and occupied by Jo- 
seph McKnight, and, since its purchase by Mr. W. 
\V. Smith, who occupied it as a private residence 
for over twelve years, it has been greatly enlarged 
from time to time, as the growth of the patronage 
of the school demanded. The Rev. Fred C. Cow 
per, of Amesbury, Mass., pays the following trib- 
ute to the excellency of Trinity Hall and its sur- 
roundings: " The school grounds contain forty 
acres situated in a rich and beautiful hill coun- 
try, 1,200 feet above tide water, and surrounded 
by wide-spreading maples, elms, lindens and 
evergreens, with orchards, gardens and vine- 
yards, through which wind broad drives bordered 
by well kept lawns. There has never been sick 
ness in the school. Delicate boys become strong 
and manly in its pure health giving atmosphere. 
The morals of the place are pure; the tone elevat 
ing and refining. Underthe present management. 
the household in all departments is suitable for 
the sons of gentlemen, and has all the comforts of 
a refined home. It is a lovely spot indeed, favored 
by nature, developed by the best skill of the land- 
scape gardener, kept *ip by those who take pride 
in it; and fortunate is the boy who is permitted to 
spend his school days at Trinity Hall." 



well nigh a quarter of a century has prac- 
ticed bis profession at Mouongahela, where, 
, and in the neighborhood, he lias, as a skill 
ful and successful physician, established a 
reputation second to none in the county. He is a 
native of the Keystone State, born in Butler 
county December 8, 1831. He is the son of Dr. 
George and Elizabeth (Gibson) Linn, a sketch of 
whose lives is given in the biography of Prof. 

The subject proper of this sketch received bis 
education at the common schools of his native 
place, and at Morrison's Academy, at Mouonga- 
hela. He then commenced the study of medicine 
and entered Jefferson Medical College, in Phila- 
delphia, where he completed a full course, grad- 
uating in 1869. Dr. Linn at once located in 
Mouongahela, and has since been one of the lead 
ing physicians of that city and surrounding coun- 
try. On June 12, 1801 , the Doctor married 
Frances, daughter of Joseph Wall, of Allegheny 
county, whose wife was Frances Allen, daughter of 
David Allen. His father was Garrett Wall, whose 
wife was a daughter of Capt. Sparks, of the regu 
lar army. One daughter has been born to Dr. 
and Mrs. Linn: Hannah A., wife of Homer H. 
Swaney, of Pittsburgh. Our subject and wife are 
members of the Presbyterian Church of Mononga- 
h'ela. In politics he was a Whig, and, since the 
organization of the party, a Republican. He has 
served on the school board of his adopted city. 
He is self made and self-educated, a man of excel- 
lent literary taste, and well acquainted with 
scientific questions, germane to his profession and 

d(OHN W. SEAMAN, junior member of the 
well-known firm, Mitchell & Seaman, dealers 
J in general hardware, etc., Washington, is a 
native of the borough, burn in October, 1841. 
The family came from New Jersey, and 
tradition says that the iirst to bear the name was 
a waif picked up, no more than alive, on the sea- 
shore, and given the name "Seaman." Joseph 
Seaman, great-grandfather of our subject, came to 
Washington, this county, in 1 785, and died here; 
a blacksmith by trade, his shop stood on the site 
where is now the high school. Jacob, grandfather 
of J. W., a mason by trade, and who kept tavern 
for many years at Amity, Amwell township, was 
married to Lydia Jones, daughter of an early comer 
to the county; she was a native of Philadelphia, 
and when a girl migrated to this county, where 
she had several sisters living. Jacob Seaman and 
wife had a family of five childten, viz. : JolinW., who 
died in Washington, leaving a widow and children; 

Alexander and James are also dead, leaving chil 
dren. and Thomas (all were residents of Washing 
ton county); and Mary, who died in infancy. The 
father of this family died about the year 1831. 

Alexander Seaman, son of Jacob, was born in 
the borough of Washington in 1813, and received 
his education at the subscription schools of the 
place. He was brought up to the trade of mason. 
which he followed in early life, but abandoned for 
mercantile pursuits. About the year 1S4U he 
opened out a grocery store in Washington, which 
he carried on for several years with considerable 
success. About 1S37 he married Jean Dagg, 
daughter of Richard Dagg, of Strabane township. 
and granddaughter of Henry Taylor, a pioneer 
farmer of that township, coming to the county 
when the woods were still teeming with wild ani- 
mals and hostile Indians; he was the first presi- 
dent judge of the county, and a prominent factor 
in the early politics of the State. To Alexander 
and Jean (Dagg) Seaman were born five children, 
three of whom grew to maturity, viz.: Mary, wife 
of Samuel Taggart, of Chartiers township; John 
W. , and Margaret, wife of Joseph M. Spriggs, 
grocer, Washington. The parents both died in 
the borough in 1880, the mother in August, the 
father in November. Until 1800 he hail been a 
Democrat, but after that date voted under the 
banner of the Republican party. 

John W. Seaman received his education partly 
at the common schools of his native borough, sup 
plemented by a partial course at Washington and 
Jefferson College. At the age of fourteen years 
he entered his father's store as clerk, remaining 
until 1874, in which yenr he was appointed deputy 
prothonotary, filling the incumbency four years; 
from 187S to 1881 he was out of office, but in the 
latter year he was elected prothonotary, serving six 
years. In 1888 he entered into partnership with 
J. K. Mitchell in general hardware, house furnish- 
ings, etc., under firm name of Mitchell & Seaman, 
the business being one of the most successful and 
extensive in that line in the county. In 1800 Mr. 
Seaman married Louise Mills, of Washington, 
daughter of Andrew Mills, who, about 1830, came 
from the North of Ireland to Washington county. 
To this union seven children, all yet living, were 
born, named as follows: Nellie, James Alexander, 
Alice M., Jean D., Harry E., John T. and Mar- 
garet Louise. Mr. Seaman in his political prefer- 
ments is a Republican, and has held with charac- 
teristic ability many offices of honor and trust 
in the county. He is secretary of the Mechanics 
Building & Loan Association, and of the Mutual 
Building & Loan Association. He is a promi- 
nent and influential member of the First M. E. 
Church, and superintendent of the Sunday-school 
of same. 



GGOL. J. B. R. STREATOR is a native of 
Washington county, born March 12, 1850, 
B at Lone Pine, where his father, Rev. Lyman 
Pierce Streator, was conducting an academy 
at the time. The latter was born in Portage 
county, Ohio, and was educated for the ministry 
of the Christian Church. 

In 1842. being then twenty two yearsof age, he 
came to Washington county, Penn., where he 
preached for a time at Pancake, and then moved 
into Washington borough in 1870. In the mean- 
time, in 1859, the family had proceeded to May's 
Lick, Ky., where Hey remained until the breaking 
out of the Civil war, when they returned to this 
county. At Lone Pine Mr. Streator founded an 
academy, which he kept for sometime. In Wash 
ington county he married Miss Eliza, daughter of 
Jonathan Martin, to which union were born five 
children: Martin Lyman, pastor at Helena, Mont, 
(he is working for the Woman's Board Home Mis 
sions); Jonathan M. , who formerly wan a minister 
in Florida, but has now charge of the Ocala public 
schools, same State; Alexander Campbell, a physi- 
cian in Washington, a sketch of whom follows this; 
Frank W., in the employ of A. B. Caldwell, Wash- 
ington, Penn.; and Charlotte, deceased wife of 
Robert McDonough. The mother of these chil 
dren dying, Mr. Streator married April :i, 1855, 
Rebecca Ruple, who was born in Washington, 
Penn., in 1827, a daughter of James Ruple who 
performed efficient service in the war of 1812-15. 
By this marriage there was one child, James B. R., 
the subject of this memoir. In 1 800 Mr. Streator 
removed to Philadelphia, where he preached for 
six months; thence went to Braddoeks Field, Penn., 
where, in the capacity of State Evangelist, he 
worked for the State Missionary Society. In May, 
1867, he returned to Washington county, and is 
now a resident of South Strabane township. Polit- 
ically Mr. Streator was for many years a consistent 
Democrat, but of late he has been standing in the 
van of the Prohibition party; socially, he is a 
Knight Templar. 

Col. James B. R. Streator attended the public 
schools of the vicinity of his birth, ami afterward 
Washington and Jefferson College, one year. He 
then read law in the office of I. Y. Hamilton, and 
in October, 1877, was admitted to the bar of 
Washington county. He practiced his profession 
in Washington until the formation of the Peoples 
Light & Heat Company, when he was chosen 
secretary and general superintendent of same, and 
he has Hince taken an active interest in the oil and 
gas development in the county. In July, 1877, 
Col. Streator married Emma, daughter of John 
McCoy, late of South Strabane township, where 
her widowed mother is yet living. Of this union 
seven children have been born, as follows: John 
McO, Rebecca, Jane, Emma, Bessie, James B. R. 

and L. P., all at home excepi John, Bessie and L. 
P., who are deceased. Col. Streator has been a 
straight Democrat from early youth. Socially, he 
is a member of the F. & A. M. On January 25, 
1881, the Colonel enlisted in Company H, Tenth 
Regiment N. G. P.; June 19, 1882, was promoted 
to adjutant, and August S, 1 SS7. was further pro 
rooted to lieutenant colonel, which rank he still 
holds. During the time of the riots in the coke 
regions he went with his regiment there, remain 
ing on the spot and at the Morewood Works six 
teen days. 

Alexander Campbell Streator, M. D., was born 
February 20, 1848, in South Strabane township. 
Washington Co., Penn. When he was nine years 
of age his parents moved to Bethany, W. Va., and 
thence to Indiana, where they remained until 1851, 
when they returned to Washington county, at 
which time their son, Alexander ('., was thirteen 
years old. He attended the high school, and 
afterward Washington and Jefferson College, from 
which he was graduated in 1800. Having decided 
on making the medical profession his life work, he 
at once, after graduation, commenced the study of 
medicine under the preoeptorship of his uncle, Dr. 
David (i. Streator, of Bedford, Ohio; but on ac 
count of declining health he was obliged to aban- 
don leading for a time. Regaining his health, he 
renewed his medical studies, this time with Dr. 
Thomas McKennan, and then, in 1882, took 
his degree of M. D. at Cleveland Medical College. 
For a short time afterward he practiced his pro- 
fession at Belle Vernon, Penn., and then came to 
the borough of Washington, where he has siuce 
remained in general practice, meeting with emi- 
nent success. In 1877 Dr. Streator was united in 
marriage with Miss Ann Eliza, daughter of 
William Birmingham, of Pancake, this -county, 
and four children blessed this union, viz. : Sarah 
Eliza, Virginia Birmingham, Helen Mechenor and 
Hugh Henry. On April 2, 1891, at the age of 
forty- two years, the wife and mother was gathered 
by the Grim Reaper from the bosom of her loving 
family. Politically the Doctor is a stanch Repub- 
lican, but not a partisan; socially he is a member 
of the Royal Arcanum and National Union. 

/^RAHAM S. CAMPBELL, cashier of the 
l| First National Bank of McDonald. Penn., 

II I is descended from a well known family of 
^4! this county. John Campbell (the great- 
grandfather of Graham S.) was a native of 
York county, Penn., and moving to Washington 
county about 1778, located on a tract of 191 acres, 
called "Fumanah," in Cross Creek township. 
His family consisted of six sons and three daugh 
ters, namely: John, William and James (all of 
whom moved to Belmont county, Ohio), David, 
Charles and George (these remaining in Cross 



Creek township, where some of their descendants 
are yet living), Grace (wife of Maj. Benjamin Bay, 
moved to Ohio in 1812), Elizabeth (married to 
William Rea) and Mary (Mrs. William Fulton, 
living in Mt. Pleasant township). The father 
died in 1813, and was laid to rest in the cemetery 
at Cross Creek. George Campbell grew to man 
hood on the home farm, in Cross Creek township. 
Ho was united in marriage with Elizabeth Rea, 
who bore him the following children: John, 
Jane, William, Mary, Samuel, George W., Eliza- 
beth, Esther, James and Georgetta. Mr. Camp 
bell followed agriculture all his life. In politics 
he was a Whig, and in religion a member of the 
Presbyterian Church at Mount Prospect- 
George W. Campbell was born September 20, 
1826, and passed his youth on the home place. In 
early manhood he was married to Charlotte, daugh- 
ter of James Wilson, of West Pike Run township, 
and the young people resided in Cross Creek town- 
ship until 1867. They then came to Midway, 
Robinson township, and in 1869 built the Midway 
Hotel, of which he was the proprietor until his 
death, having previously followed fanning and 
stock raising. In politics he was formerly a Whig, 
then became an active worker in the Republican 
ranks, having held various township offices. »For 
many years he was a member of the Presbyterian 
Church at Mount Prospect, then at Cross Creek, 
tinally uniting with the church at Candor, this 
county. He died September 4, 1885, leaving the 
following children: Wilson S., Graham S. and 
Elida (Mrs. W. H. Baldwin), two others, Johnetta 
and Mary, having died in infancy. 

Graham S., son of George W. and Charlotte 
(Wilson) Campbell, was born September 14, I860, 
on the home farm, in Cross Creek township. His 
early literary training was secured at the common 
schools, afterward attending the Ingleside Academy, 
at McDonald. At the age of eighteen years he en- 
tered the employ of J. D. Sauters, of McDonald, 
Penn., with whoin he remained eleven years. 
He then opened a real estate and insurance office, 
in which business he was successful. On the or- 
ganization of the First National Bank of McDon- 
ald, he disposed of his business and accepted the 
position of cashier, which position he now holds. 
On December 18, 1884, he led to the marriage 
altar Annie, daughter of Addison Foster (deceased), 
formerly of Pittsburgh, Penn., and their children 
are George, Verner, Ross and James. Mr. Camp 
bell possesses the confidence of the community, 
and is a very successful man. In 1890 he was 
elected justice of the peace, being an active mem 
ber of the Republican party. He and his family 
are earnest workers in the First Presbyterian 
Church at McDonald, in which he is now mem- 
ber of the Session and superintendent of the Sab 
bath school. 

THOMAS C. M. STOCKTON. M. D., a cult 
ured gentleman and physician of Washing- 
ton county, is a son of the late Rev. Dr. 
John Stockton, whose ancestors came fr< mi 
England to America prior to the Revolution, 
settling in New Jersey. Thomas Stockton (grand 
father of subject) was born in New Jersey, and 
coming to Washington county, Penn., in early 
manhood, was married to Miss Sarah Graham of 
this county. The children born to them were 
Polly, Sarah (Mrs. Gordon), Robert, Thomas and 

John Stockton (father of subject) was born No- 
vember 18, 1803, in Washington county, Penn., 
and was reared to manhood on his father's farm 
near Washington. He was a student at Washing 
ton College, graduating therefrom in 1820, and 
then entered the Theological College at Princeton. 
N. J. On June 20, 1827, he was ordained in the 
Cross Creek Church of Washington! county, and 
preached regularly for that congregation until 
June 20, 1877, proclaiming the "glad tidings of 
the Gospel " for over fifty years. Although many 
times offered a more lucrative position, in which 
he would seemingly have a wider scope, his only 
answer to such propositions was: "I have started 
with my people here, they are my children, and I 
will live and die with them, and lie buried among 
them." In 1831 he was united in marriage with 
Nancy Clark, daughter of James Clark, a promi 
nent farmer of Franklin county, Penn. , and six 
children came to bless their union, namely: 
Thomas C. M., James C. (a physician living in 
West Philadelphia), John P. P. (a minister of 
West Unity, Williams Co.. Ohio), Robert W. G. 
(deceased in infancy), William (a graduate of Mus- 
kingum College), and Marion E. (wife of Hugh 
Lee, a prominent farmer of Cross Creek township) 
William entered the Civil war as captain in the 
One Hundred and Fortieth Regiment P. V. I., at 
tached to the Second Corps, and served for some 
time as colonel of his regiment, although never 
promoted to that rank. After the war he went to 
North Carolina, soon afterward dying from an 
attack of typhoid fever. 

Thomas'C. M. Stockton was born May 30, 1832. 
He was a close student from early boyhood, and 
at the age of twelve years entered the Cross Creek 
Academy, afterward taking a course at Washing, 
ton College. After his graduation the young man 
returned home and taught in Cross Creek Acad- 
emy, for six or seven years, and then one year in 
Muskingum College. In 1862 he began the study 
of medicine uuder Dr. Dickson, of Pittsburgh, 
with whom he remained one year, afterward at- 
tending one year at Jefferson Medical College. 
Philadelphia. At this time, the war of the Re- 
bellion being in progress, he joined the Union 
army as assistant surgeon of the Eighty-third 



Regiment, P. V. I., serving until the close of the 
struggle, when he re-entered Jefferson Medical 
College. In 1806 he graduated, and same year 
entered upon his professional duties in Cross Creek 

On June 4, 18G3, Dr. Stockton was married to 
Miss Auna, daughter of the late Hampton Kerr, of 
Cross Creek village, and they have had two chil- 
dren: Jennie, born September 7, 1S71 (was a stu- 
dent at Wilson College, and graduated in June, 
L892), and Hampton Kerr, born September 23, 
L882 (a bright, affectionate child, possessing an in- 
telligence far beyond his age, he was the hope and 
pride of the parents in their declining years; but 
when three short yearsof the Little Life had passed, 
God called this flower to the "eternal gardens," 
leaving a void in the family circle which can be 
lilled by none other. The dread disease, scarlet 
fever, was the messenger sent by the Angel of 
Death, and though the years were few, that life 
has left a blessed memory that will never die) 
Dr. Stockton has been very successful in his chosen 
calling. He is a consistent member of the Pres 
byterian Church at Cross Creek village, over which 
his father had presided for so many years. Polit- 
ically he was formerly a Whig, and since the or- 
ganization of the party has been a Republican. 

\ILLIAMEWING. The Ewing family are 
of Scotch Irish descent. In their blood 
is mingled the tiery, ardent nature of the 
natives of Erin, with the conscientious, 
persevering and thrifty people of Scot 
land. The ancestors of the particular family whose 
history we are now recording were born in County 
Londonderry, Ireland, and in 1725 came to Amer- 
ica. Nathaniel Ewing, one of these early pioneers, 
was a farmer who settled in Cecil county, Md., 
and reared a family of eight sons, one of whom was 
George Ewing. 

William Ewing, a son of George, came to Fay- 
ette county, Penn. , toward the close of the last 
century. He was married to a Miss Nancy Con- 
well who bore him children as follows: George, 
Nathaniel, John H., Elizabeth Breading (of Pitts- 
burgh, Penn.), Maria (Mrs. Veech, of Pittsburgh), 
Louisa (Mrs. Wilson, of Uniontown, Penn.), Mrs. 
Mary Mason (living in Iowa) and Mrs. Ellen Wal- 
lace (formerly of Pittsburgh). Of this family, 
Mrs. Mason alone is living. The father died in 
Fayette county, Penn. Nathaniel Ewing was 
judge of Fayette and Washington counties. The 
children of John \H. Ewing were: William, Mrs. 
Prof. Wood, Mrs. Dr. Speer, Mrs. Dr. Hallock, 
Col. John Ewing, Dr. George, Samuel and Flor- 

William Ewing, whose name opens this sketch, 
was born in 1823, in Washington, Penn., where 

his boyhood was passed. He attended Washing- 
ton College (Dr. McKennan having been one of 
his classmates), graduating in 1842, then took a 
three years course at the Western Theological 
Seminary. After completing his studies at the 
seminary he spent several years in Europe in 
study and travel, and upon returning to Pennsyl 
vania took his first charge at the " Chartiers 
Church," of which he was the pastor for nineteen 

In April, 1853, Mr. Ewing was united in 
marriage with Miss Isabelle M. , daughter of David 
Quail, of this county, who was a natiyeof northern 
Ireland. She died in May, 1883, leaving four chil- 
dren: John (deceased in his twenty fourth year); 
David, an attorney at Pittsburgh, Penn.; William 
Brown, one of three assistant physicians at Dix 
mont; and Samuel Blaine, a graduate of the Phil 
adelphia Law School. On August 1, 1889, Mr. 
Ewing married, for his second wife, Mary Cathe 
rine Herriott, a native of Washington county. He 
was principal of the Canonsburg Academy for 
twelve years, being a very popular and influential 
citizen of that place. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican, and in religious faith a member of the Pres- 
byterian Church. 

w I member of the banking firm of Alexander & 
vlj Co., was born in Monongahela City, Penn., 
^^ October 16, 1847, the only child of Capt. 
David B. and Eliza (Alexander) Herron, the latter 
of whom was a daughter of the late Joseph Alex- 
ander, who died June 20, 1871, in Monongahela 
City, where he had been engaged in business up to 
the date of his death, a period of over forty con- 
secutive years. 

The immediate ancestry of Capt. David B. 
Herron made their homes in Cincinnati, Ohio. 
About the year 1841, he and his two older brothers, 
William and John, made Monongahela City their 
homes, and they became, with him, identified with 
the business and social interests of the town for a 
number of years. Capt. D. B. Herron subsequently 
became identified with steamboat interests in the 
upper and lower river trade, acting in the capacity 
of chief clerk, and commander of some of the 
steamers. Many of his old surviving friends will 
recollect his politeness, suave and urbane manner, 
his strict integrity, his high sense of honor, and 
obliging and generous disposition. He died March 
22, 1864, from disease contracted by exposure on 
his steamboat in transporting troops, munitions of 
war and supplies on Tennessee and Cumberland 
rivers for the Union arm}'. His body lies in the 
Monongahela cemetery; his brothers are both dead. 

Joseph A. Herron received his education at the 
public schools of Cincinnati and at West Chester, 


Washington county. 

(Perm.) Military Academy. Returning to Monon- 
gabela City he entered the banking bouse of Alex- 
ander & Co., conducted by his uncles, William J. 
and James S. Alexander; in 1871 be became a 
partner, and bas continued an active business 
member to the present time. He is prominently 
identified in municipal, educational, church and 
social interests in the place of bis nativity; is a 
trustee in the Monongabela City Manufactured 
& Natural Gas Company; the Washington & 
Williamspoit Turnpike Co. ; the Williamsport 
Bridge Co., and the Monongabela Cemetery. He 
is a member of the school board, and a trustee of 
the First Presbyterian Church, of which he and 
wife are members. On October 25, 1877, Mr. 
Herron was married to Miss Mary Campbell, 
daughter of William Campbell, Esq., president of 
Butler Savings Bank of Butler, Penn. His mother, 
who survives, is a member of his family. 


I Mi ATTHEW BERRY was born January 30, 

\g/\ 1823, at Venice, in Cecil township, Wash- 

*! I ington Co., Penn., the third son of VVill- 

^ iam (Hlmore Berry, Esq., late of the 

same county. 

Matthew Berry, for nearly threescore years, has 

lived on what is known as the " Peach Garden " 

farm, one mile south of Canonsburg, Penn. He 

being the eldest of the Berry family now living, 

has consented to furnish a brief history of the 

Berry family from bis grandfather, John Berry, to 

the present time. 

The grandfather, John Berry, was a native of 
Dublin, Ireland, born A D. 1753. About 1775 he 
emigrated to the United States, and immediately 
upou his arrival in the county enlisted in the army 
lor live years, and served under Gen. Washington. 
In 1780 he was married to Elizabeth Gilmore, who 
came from Ireland in the same ship with him. In 
religion he was a Presbyterian, by occupation a 
shoemaker. After his marriage he settled in Col 
erain township, Lancaster Co., Penn. In 1794 or 
1795 he visited Washington county, on a prospect- 
ing trip, and worked one summer for the Rev. Dr. 
McMillan, the founder of Jefferson College. Late 
in the fall he returned to his home in Lancaster 
county, but next spring he again came to W ashing 
Ion county, bringing with him his eldest son, 
William Gilmore Berry, and purchased a farm of 
251 acres, bein<; part of a tract of land owned by 
Gen Washington, who sold it to Matthew Ritchie, 
who by will conveyed it to Alex. Addison, from 
whom John Berry purchased it. To this farm he 
moved his family during the summer or fall of 
1796. The farm is still owned by his descendants, 
the heirs of W T illiam Berry (deceased). There 
were born to John Berry eight children — three 
sons and live daughters, viz. : William Gilmore, 

John, James, Elizabeth, Nancy, Isabel!, Ann and 
Mary. Of these, William Gilmore was married in 
1(S04 to Jane MeCounell, daughter of Mathew 
McConnell, Esq.; John was married to Rachel 
Phillips; James died unmarried at the age of 
twenty years; Elizabeth was married to Hugh Car- 
son, of Ross county, Ohio; Nancy was married to 
Ebenezer Carson, of Ross county, Ohio; Isabel! 
was married to Jacob George, of Washington 
county, Penn.; Ann was married to Alexander 
McConnell, of Washington county, I'enn.; Mary 
was married to Thomas Torance, of Washington 
county, Pennsylvania. 

William Gilmore Berry was born December 2, 
1781, in Colerain township, Lancaster Co., Penn., 
the eldest son of John Berry. He came to Wash 
ington county with his father in 1796, learned the 
trade of house carpeuter, and for a short time 
worked at the trade. In 1804 he was married to 
Jane McConnell, and to them were born eight 
children — four sons and four daughters — as fol 

(I). John, the eldest son [see history of John 
M. Berry, elsewhere in this volume |. 

(II). Mary, the oldest daughter, born May 22, 
1810, was married to John May, February 9, 1837; 
died February 15, 1893; to them were born nine 
children, viz.: (1) Phebe, born February 25, 1838, 
married to Dixon T. McCloy February, 18(50; she 
died in Belmont county, Ohio, February 20, 1890; 
their family consisted of two sons and two daugb 
ters. (2) William B. May, born September 18, 
L839, unmarried, lives near Venice, Penn. (3) 
Rev. John R. May, born February 19, 1841, was 
married to Samantha Fulton, August 1 1, 1880; no 
family; living at Mansfield, Allegheny Co., Penn 
(4) Matthew Alexander May, born June 24, 1843, 
was married to Sara Thompson, in 1862; he died 
March 6, 1874, leaving two daughters. (5) James 
May, born April 22, 1845, died unmarried Febru 
ary 11, 1870. (6) Jane May, born September 24, 
1846, died September 22, 1862. (7) Joseph Car 
son May, born May 27, 1848, was marrieil in May, 
1889, to Miss Alice Pooler. (8) Anna Mary May, 
born April 22, 1851, died December 17, 1851. (it) 
Anna Mary Margaret May, born April 4, 185(5, 
married April 4, 1882, to S. Wilson Scott; he died 
April 28, 1888, leaving a widow and three da ugh 
ters; they now live near Venice, Pennsylvania. 

(III). Elizabeth, the second daughter of William 
Gilmore Berry, was born July 23, 1815, and was 
married to William J. McLaughlin, of Adena, Jef- 
ferson Co., Ohio, October 27, 1840, where they 
still reside. To them were born six children: 
(1) John Mitchell, born January 8, 1843, married 
to Jennie Neff, and one daughter, now Mrs. Min- 
nie Philips; John McLaughlin now lives near 
Atalissa, Iowa. (2) Jane McLaughlin, born De 
cember 25, 1844, was married to James L. Haw- 



thorn, October 18, 1866, and has a family of three 
sons, the oldest of whom, Ross Mitchell, was mar- 
ried to Lizzie L. Simpson. (3) William Gilmore 
McLaughlin, born April 25, 1847, was married to 
Minnie A. Livingston, June 27, 1872; now living 
at Adena, Ohio, and has a family of six children. 
(t) James A. McLaughlin, born November 24, 
1849, was married to Sara Barkhurst, and is living 
near Harrisville,Ohio; of his family of seven children 
two are deceased, and three sons and two daugh- 
ters are living. (5) Samuel R. McLaughlin, born 
March 24, 1854, was married to Bell Porterfield, 
March 20, 1876; living near Atalissa, Iowa; no 
family. (6) Martha Ann McLaughlin, born Octo- 
ber 8, 1856, was married to Alexander G. Haw- 
thorn February 26, 1874, and died February, 1875, 
leaving husband and one son, Harry Wilmer. 

(IV). Jane, the third daughter of William Gil- 
more Berry, born in 1817, was married to John 
Thome, February 17, 1841, and died at Canons- 
burg, Peun., September 21, 1888. 

(V). William Berry, the second son of William 
Gilmore Berry, was born in 181 9; married Eliza 
beth Calohan December 1, 1848, and to them were 
born seven children, rive sons and two daughters, 
their names and dates of birth being as follows: 
John C, August 26, 1849; Jennie M. , November 
12, 1851; George A., April 26, 1854; James D., 
March 2, 1857; Beca C, March 30, I860; Charle) 
G., October 23, 1863; Samuel L., January 6, 1866; 
the children are all married except Beca C, who 
resides with her parents in Oskaloosa, Iowa. 

(VI). Prudence, the fourth daughter of William 
Gilmore Berry, born in 1821, was married to John 
Carson, of Chillicothe, Ohio; he died in 1849, leav 
ing one son, Hugh F. Carson, who lives in Mich 
igan. After her husband's death Prudence re 
turned to Canonsburg, Penn., where she died in 
January, 1886. 

(VII). Matthew, the third son of William Gil 
more Berry, born January 30, 1823, was married 
in April, 1847, to Margaret Willison, of Hickory, 
Penn., daughter of Samuel Willison, and to them 
were born three sons, as follows: (1) W. G., born 
January 22, 1848, was married December 29, 
1869, to Miss Nannie L. Garrett, and they have 
three daughters: Lillie M., Nannie W. (now Mrs. 
S. H. H. Arnold) and Maggie I. W. G. is by oc- 
cupation a house carpenter, now farming, living on 
the Major Urie farm; in politics he is a Repub- 
lican, in religion a liberal United Presbyterian; for 
ten years after 1883 he was secretary and editor of 
Sheep Register; was a member of the National 
Live Stock Association Committee of 18 prepar- 
ing exhibit of live stock at the Columbian Exposi- 
tion, Chicago, 1893, representing fine wooled sheep 
interests; he is an advocate of advanced ideas in 

(2) Samuel W. Berry, born in 1850, was mar- 

ried to Isabell McNary in November, 1876, and 
their family consists of three children — one daugh 
ter, Elva L. , and two sons, Matthew Willison and 
Walter U. Samuel W. is by occupation a farmer; 
in politics he is a Republican, in religion a United 
Presbyterian; he is living at the old homestead. 
(3) John Alexander Berry, youngest son of 
Mathew, born in December, 1852, married Rachel 
McNut, and their family consists of twodaughd'i>, 
Ida May and Grace Hawthorn; by occupation 
John A. is a merchant, and postmaster at Hens 
tonville, Penn. ; in politics he is an ardent Repub 

(VIII). James Berry, youngest son of William 
Gilmore Berry, born March 22, 1827, was married 
to Martha McConnell, February 22, 1846; she died 
January 22, 1890; the family consisted of nine 
children — five sons and four daughters their 
names and dates of birth being as follows: Sarah 
Jane, March 20, 1847; Martha, June HI, 1848; 
William McConnell, October 21, 1849; James Car 
son, June 20, 1851; Anna May, March 28, 1853; 
Francis Alex, January :i, 1S5.">; John, January 28, 
1858; Mary Margaret, April 9, 1859; David Paul, 
October 28, L860. Of these Anna May, John and 
Mary Margaret died in infancy. William, Sarah 
and Maltha live at No. 400 West Pike street, 
Canonsburg, Penn. ; James C. married Kate M. 
Miller, November 1, 1881, and their family con- 
sists of two children (they are living at Sheridan- 
ville, Allegheny Co. , Penn.; he is a member of the 
White Moton Planing Mill Co., Allegheny, Penn.); 
Francis Alexander married Mary Elizabeth Mc 
IVak, July 26, INS!) (by occupation he is a miller, 
and he lives in Canonsburg, Penn.); David Paul 
was married to Bertha Bigby, October 6, 1888 (by 
occupation he is a house carpenter, and he lives at 
Copeland, Penn.). 

William Gilmore Berry began his business career 
at Venice, Penn., working for some time at house 
carpentry. -Soon, however, purchasing a small 
farm and gristmill, he successfully managed them 
for a number of years, improving the farm, erect 
ing a new dwelling house and new mill, with in 
creased capacity. About 1821 he purchased a 
small Hock of Spanish Merino sheep from the cele 
brated flock of W. R. Dickinson, of Steubenville, 
Ohio, and from that date until he disposed of his 
business interests his prominent industry was 
sheep raising and wool growing. In order that he 
might increase his flocks he purchased from time 
to time a number of farms in Washington county 
and in Ohio. The first purchase was the Nelson 
farm in Mt. Pleasant township; the second pur- 
chase was, in company with his brother, John, a 
farm of 200 acres near Cecil postoffice, in Wash- 
ington county, known as the Gordon farm. Later 
they purchased the Spencer farm of 200 acres on 
Paint creek, Ross Co., Ohio, near the city of 



Chillicotbe. In 1834 he purchased in his own in- 
terest a farm in Cecil township, Washington Co., 
Penn., from James Watson, satin- containing 170 
acres. In August, 1835. he purchased the " Peach 
Garden" farm one mile south of Canonsburg, 
Penn., containing 300 acres. He moved to this 
farm his family (except his oldest son John) on the 
last day of March, 1836, and lived for one year 
in the home now occupied by S. W. Berry. Here 
he made extensive improvements, building the 
large brick dwelling now owned by Robert John- 
ston, and very extensive and commodious farm 
buildings. He purchased and operated the Canons 
burg Mills for a number of years, with the land 
adjoining, mostly now within the borough limits. 
The aforementioned properties he disposed of from 
time to time, his son William securing the north 
end of the Peach Garden farm, while Matthew 
procured the south end, the Canonsburg Mill prop 
erty going to the youngest son, James. 

William Gilmore Berry lived for a number of 
years on the Peach Garden farm, but later moved 
to Canonsburg, building the dwelling house at No. 
104 West Pike street, where he resided until his 
death October 26, 1866, in his eighty fifth year; 
his wife, Jane, died February 25, 1848. He was 
recognized as being a capable business man, set- 
tling up a number of estates. Gov. Simon Snider 
commissioned him justice of the peace for District 
No. 5, composed of Cecil and Chartiers townships, 
his commission bearing date December 13, 1815, 
and to use the language of the commission for 
"so long as you shall behave yourself well." He 
held the office until he moved from the district in 
March, 1836. He was a prominent Abolitionist, 
and associated in this movement with such men as 
Dr. F. Julius Le Moyne, Maj. Samuel McFarland, 
W H. McNary, Joseph Lee and others. He gave 
liberally of bis means to establish and maintain 
the "Underground Railroad," which put many a 
black man to the land north of the great lakes, 
and he lived to read the Emancipation Proclama- 
tion of President Lincoln. In politics he was 
first a Democrat, afterward a Whig, then an Abo- 
litionist, and later a Republican. In religion he 
was a Presbyterian, in later life a member of the 
Associate Reformed Church, and after the union a 
United Presbyterian, a member of the Speer 
Spring Congregation from its organization until 
his death, and for a number of years was a ruling 
elder in that congregation. 

John Berry, the brother of William Gilmore, 
was born in Colerain township, Lancaster Co., 
Penn., March 29, 1S44, came to Washington 
county when a boy with his father, John Berry. 
He purchased from his father his farm of 251 acres 
in Mt. Pleasant township, Washington county, 
where he lived until his death in 1 S7 1 . He was 
married to Rachel Philips, and to them were born 

six children — four sons and two daughters: Eliza, 
Jonathan, John, Mary, William and Rev. Sam- 
uel P. 

Matthew Berry, the subject proper of this 
sketch, is still engaged in his chosen vocation. He 
has given the subject of breeding Merino sheep his 
best thought, and made a success of the same, 
making most marvelous improvements since he be- 
gan the business as a shepherd under his father's 
direction as a boy, and since he became owner of 
the Hock, in 1847. Never being absent at breed 
ing or shearing time since he began the business, 
his aim has been to improve both the rleece and 
mutton qualities of his sheep, until his reputation 
as a " flock master" has become national in its char- 
acter. A great number of flocks in various States 
trace their origin to this flock, and among the many 
famous "flock masters" in Washington county he 
stands near the head. Mr. Berry never aspired to 
public position in politics; he was first a Whig and 
since the organization of the Republican party has 
been a Republican. In religion he was first a 
member of the Speer Spring Congregation Asso 
ciate Reformed, and since the union has been a 
United Presbyterian, and has been a member of the 
First TJ. P. Church at Houstonville, Penn., since 
its organization. 

JfOHN N. McDONALD. Among the energetic 
early settlers of Washington county the Mc- 
) Donald family, of whom this sketch treats, 
was very prominently identified. 

John McDonald (grandfather of John N.) 
was born in eastern Pennsylvania, where he re- 
ceived his educational training and grew to man 
hood. He was married to Martha Noble, of the 
same county, a daughter of the founder of Nobles- 
town, Penn., and the young couple then came to 
Washington county, locating, in 1775, in Robinson 
township, on the farm still occupied by their de- 
scendants. The children born to them were 
James, Andrew, William, Alexander, Edward, 
John, Margaret (Mrs. Glenn), Martha (Mrs. Alli- 
son), Elizabeth (Mrs. Mitchell) and Mary (Mrs. 
William Nesbit). The father of this family 
passed the latter part of his life in improving the 
home farm, and he cleared the meadow on which 
an Indian trading post, was erected. He was a 
federalist in politics, and in religious connection 
was a member of the Presbyterian Church at Can- 

Edward McDonald (father of John N. ) was born 
August 13. 1702, in Robinson township, this 
county, where he was reared and educated and 
passed his entire life. On April 27, 1819, he mar 
tied Margaret Nesbit, of Allegheny county, Penn., 
and she bore him children as follows: .John N. , 
Nesbit, Martha (wife of the late Rev. J. M. Hast- 

/<£. /fe-'och-TX- 




iugs, of West Chester, Penu.), Hannah J., Eliza- 
beth, Emily (married to Jacob H. Miller), James, 
Edward and Margaret M. Mrs. McDonald died 
in 1839, and in 1844 Edward McDonald married 
Margaret B. Snodgraas, of Allegheny county, 
Perm. Mr. McDonald followed farming and stock 
raising, and in politics was a prominent worker in 
the Whig party, serving as a member of the Legis- 
lature and as a justice of the peace. In relig 
ions faith he was an elder and trustee of the 
Presbyterian Church at Candor. He died Max 30, 

John N. McDonald was born February 10, 1820, 
on the home farm, in Robinson township, this 
county, and received a liberal subscription-school 
education. On October 29, 18(52, he was united in 
marriage with Elizabeth .M., daughter of Maj. 
William Lee, of Cross Creek township, Washing- 
tun county, and the children born to this marriage 
were: Edward, Jane Craig, Margaret (deceased), 
William Lee (deceased) and J. Nesbit. After 
their marriage Air. and Mrs. McDonald settled on 
the home farm, where the family have since re- 
sided, engaging in agricultural pursuits. He was 
formerly a Whig, and upon the organization of the 
Republican party became an active worker of that 

He served in the State Legislature of L853 
and 1858, as a representative of Washington 
county; was also a delegate to the Union State 
Convention, in 185(5; a representative delegate in 
the convention of 1868; a senatorial delegate in 
1876, and again a representative delegate in the 
conventions of 1880 and 1881. For many years 
he had been a member of the board of trustees of 
Washington and Jefferson College; and of his eflfi 
ciency as a school director in his district, of the 
work he did for the Presbyterian Church of .Me 
Donald, and his interest in the cause of education 
and religion generally, all who knew him were 

In fact, it would require a volume to re- 
cord all that he accomplished in these directions. 
He was formerly a member and trustee of the 
Presbyterian Church at Candor, but, in 1886 be- 
came an elder of the First Presbyterian Church at 
McDonald, Robinson township. John N. died 
May 23, 1889, and was buried in the Raccoon 

Edward McDonald, the eldest in the family of 
John N. and Elizabeth M. (Lee) McDonald, was 
born January 11, 1864, on the homestead at Mc- 
Donald, Penn. In 1884 he graduated at Wash 
ington and Jefferson College, and then returning 
to the farm was taken into partnership with his 
father in stock raising. In April, 1892, he was 
elected president of the First National Bauk of 

JAMES H. ALLEN, editor and publisher of 
The Saturday Evening Supper Table, an in- 
teresting illustrated weekly published at the 
office No. 61 N. Main street, Washington, 
Penn., was born in that town, July 21, 1857. His 
grandfather Allen came with his family from Eng 
land to this country, and to Washington county 
in 1829. 

John Allen, father of James H. , was a native of 
Lancashire, England, and was about thirteen 
years old when brought to this country by his 
parents. In Baltimore, Md , he learned the trade 
of shoemaker, which he afterward followed in 
Washington, in connection with a shoestore. But 
for fifteen years prior to his death he carried on a 
confectionery business on South Main street, Wash 
ington. In 184."> John Allen was united in mar 
riage with .Mis-. Melvina Moffat, a native of this 
county, and seven children were born to them, viz. : 
William, died young; Lydia, unmarried; Jennie 
M., married to Robert M. Cordon, of Wayuesbuig, 
Penu. ; and Ella ML, James H, Clark J. and Birdie 
M., all in Washington, Lydia, Ella, Birdie and 
Clark living together. In 1871, one evening while 
Mrs. Allen, the mother, was preparing to go to 
prayer meeting, the house was struck by lightning, 
and she was instantly killed in her forty-ninth year. 
At 5 o'clock in the evening of April 16, 1886, the 
father was taken ill with neuralgia of the heart, 
and at 10 o'clock, the same night, lie expired. He 
was a large man, good-natured and jovial, and had 
a very wide circle of friends. He aud his wife 
were members of the M. E. Church, but in his 
later years he identified himself with the Method 
ist Protestant Church, in which he held office. 
Socially, he was one of the oldest members of the 
I. O. O. F. in the county, being one of the charter 
members of Lodge No. 81, Washington; he had 
taken all the Chairs, and for several consecutive 
years was a delegate to various Grand Lodges. 
Politically, he was an ardent Republican, from the 
time of the formation of that party. 

James H. Allen received his education at the 
Uniou School in Washington, and when a lad of 
about seventeen summers entered the office of the 
Advance in the capacity of "'devil." Two- weeks' 
revelry in that Arcadian employment showed the 
stuff young James was made of, and he very prob- 
ably received prompt promotion; a few months 
later we find him " stickingtype " in the job room, 
his banner bearing the aspiring device — "Excel- 
sior." A year or more later the paper ^changed 
hands and name, simultaneously, its new title 
being Observer, and Mr. Allen was further pro- 
moted to foreman of the news room, a position he 
filled with characteristic ability for several years; 
he was also manager of the job room for some con- 
siderable time. On May 30, 1885, he launched 


1 1 '. 1 SH1±X G TON UOUN T Y. 

into the world, for weal or for woe, the interesting 
and neatly got tri i up, well-edited sheet, The Satur- 
day Evening Supper Table, which has proven 
a marked success, and is steadily growing in pat- 
ronage. At its birth it was a four-page 10x12 
sheet, now it has sixteen pages, 10x14. "May its 
shadow never grow less!" 

On January 29, 1890, Mr. Allen was married to 
Lillian 11., daughter of W. A. Bane, of the firm of 
Bane Bros., Washington. Politically, our subject 
is a Republican, and in the spring of 1892 he was 
elected a justice of the peace in a Democratic 
township, polling the largest vote of any man on 
Ins ticket. Socially, he is a member of the Im- 
proved Order of Heptasoplis, and is a charter 
member of the Junior O. U. A. M. Mr. Allen is 
a great grandson of Massy Harbison, who expe 
rienceil a marvelous escape from the barbarity of 
the Indians in 1792. of which the following is a 
concise account: 

Mass)' Harbison was born in Arnwell township, 
Somerset Co , N. J., March 18, 1770. Herfather, 
Edward White, was a Revolutionary soldier, who 
after the war (in 1783) removed to where is now 
Brownsville, this county. Here Massy lived with 
her father until her marriage, which event for some 
reason caused his displeasure, and Massy and her 
husband moved to the banks of the Allegheny, 
settling on the headwaters of Chartiers creek, 
where they did extremely well from 1779 till the 
breaking out of the Indian war in March, 1791, 
when they lost all their hard-earned possessions. 
In about a year thereafter her husband was ap- 
pointed to the dangerous post of a spy, and ordered 
into the woods to watch the movements of the In- 
dians; but nothing for a long time was seen of a 
nature to excite alarm. The Redskins frequently 
visited the house of John and Massy Harbison to 
receive refreshments and to lodge, and all the sur- 
roundings indicated peace and quiet. On the 
night of May 21, 1792, two of the spies, James 
David and Sutton, came to lodge at the Har- 
bison's house, and at daybreak of the following 
morning, when the horn blew at the blockhouse, 
the two men went out. Massy was awake at the 
time, 'out fell asleep again, and the first thing she 
realized afterward was that some Indians were 
pulling her out of bed by the feet. Sue then 
looked up and saw that the house was full of sav 
ages, each one having a gun in his left hand and a 
tomahawk in his right. She immediately jumped 
to the floor on her feet, with her young child in 
her arms, and while her assailants were busy 
plundering the house she made for the door and 
succeeded in getting outside with the one child in 
her arms, and another held by the hand, one little 
boy being still inside the cabin. By this time the 
blockhouse was alarmed by her screams, and a 
general tight ensued, during which the Indians 

beat a retreat; but before leaving the Harbison 
dwelling they dashed out the brains of the boy 
that was left inside, simply because he cried. 
Taking Massy and her two remaining children 
with them (one of the savages having claimed her 
as his squaw), the party marched to the top of the 
bank, where they made a halt in order to divide 
among themselves (thirty-two in number) the 
plunder which they had taken from the house. 
They then proceeded on their journey toward the 
mouth of the Kiskimiuetas, Massy and her chil 
dren being mounted on one of two horses which 
the Indians had in the meantime captured from 
her uncle, John Carrie. When they arrived at 
the bank that descended toward the Alleghen)', 
there appearing to be so much danger in descend, 
ing it on horseback. Massy threw herself off the 
horse with her two children, and here the elder of 
the little boys beginning to cry, and complain of 
having been hurt, the Indians deliberately mur- 
dured him. At this horrible sight the mother fell 
to the ground in a swoon, her infant still in her 
arms, but after severely castigating her with rods 
the savages assisted her to rise to her feet. Again 
proceeding on their journey, crossing Little 
Buffalo creek at the very spot where B. Sarver's 
mill now stands, they finally arrived at an Indian 
camp at the Salt Lick of the Conequessing, about 
two miles above where is now the town of Butler. 
Here Massy and her baby boy were closely watched 
and barbarously treated until Monday following, 
when they moved her to another camp in the same 

Next morning, by a most heroic effort, and at 
the imminent risk of her own life and that of her 
babe, the heroine of this adventure succeeded in 
making her escape, taking a direction from where 
she knew by the sun her old home lay, and lying 
concealed from time to time in the woods, her 
couch by night being made of leaves she had gath- 
ered. Encountering innumerable perils, one 
night having a vary narrow escape from recapture 
by an Indian who had succeeded so far in follow- 
ing up her trail, the courageous woman and de 
voted mother sped on her way, now in a homeward 
direction, till wet, weary and exhausted hungry 
and wretched, she found herself on the morning of 
May 27 at the headwaters of fine creek, which 
falls into the Allegheny about four miles above 
Pittsburgh, though she did not then know where 
she was. After some wandering about she struck 
a trail on Squaw run, which she followed, and just 
as she was about to succumb through hunger, ex- 
haustion and exposure to the weather, her wearied 
eyes were suddenly gladdened by the sight of an 
uninhabited cabin. Presently she heard the wel- 
come sound of a distant cowbell, and on proceeding 
in the direction it appeared to come from, she 
presently descried three white men on the opposite 



hank of the creek. Making her presence known 
to them by calling as loud as her weak condition 
would enable her, one of the men, James Closier, 
~,.ii>n had her in his canoe, and ere long she found 
herself and infant in the willing hands of kind 
friends who gently cared for her and nursed her 
back to health and Btrength, and to her grief 
stricken husband. The John Olosier alluded to 
was one of her nearest neighbors, yet in tin six 
days from the time of her capture by the Indians, 
^she vvas so altered that he failed to recognize her 
either by her voice or countenance. The infant that 
shared with its mother the horrors and hardships 
of those six days, was John Harbison, who lived to 
the patriarchal age of ninety-three years, dying at 
Cedar Rapids a few years ago. Massy was a good 
rirle shot, and during the Indian fights at the block 
house, she would take her rifle and bravely do Inn- 
part in defending it. She died at Freeport. I'enn.. 
her husband having preceded her to (In- gr;i\e l>\ 
some few years. 

OBERT W. DAVIS. M. D., a well known 
and prominent native born citizen of Wash 
ingtou county, lirst saw the liglit in Hope 
well township, October 19, 1832. He is a 
sou of Samuel and Nancy (Hamilton) Davis, 
natives of Washington county, where his grand 
parents died before he was born. They had a 
large family, all long since called to their last 

Samuel Davis, father of subject, was a farmer 
by occupation, and also kept hotel for many years. 
The Middletown road, which was laid out by the 
Government in 1814, was the chief thoroughfare in 
use for the conveyance of military supplies be- 
tween Fort Redstone and Wellsburg during the 
war of that period, and this hotel was the only one 
between Washington and Middletown. Samuel 
Davis was married to Nancy Hamilton, who was 
descended from Scotch Irish ancestry, and they 
had seven children, as follows: John, who died in 
Kansas in 1888; William, who died in 1892, near 
Cambridge, Ohio; Hugh, in Ogle county, 111. ; 
Mary, deceased wife of John Caldwell; Samuel 
and Hamilton, both deceased, and Robert W. In 
1864 the father died, the mother in 1S73, aged 
seventy-six years. 

Robert W. Davis was reared to manhood on his 
father's farm, receiving his primary education at 
the common schools of his district, after which he 
attended Washington and Jefferson College. He 
read medicine with Dr. John Russell Wilson, and 
attended lectures at Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, but his occupation has been chiefly 
farming. In 1N55 the Doctor married Mary Ann, 
daughter of James Spriggs, of Washington, and 
by her had four children: James Samuel, who died 

at the age of twenty veins; Harry H. , now living 
in Washington, Penn. ; Robert W., on the farm in 
Canton township, and one that died in infancy, un- 
named. The mother of these children died in 
1869, and in 1871 Dr. Davis was united in mar- 
riage with Mrs. Susanna Coulter, of Allegheny 
county, Penn., the mother, by her first marriage, 
of two daughters, one now deceased, and one 
married to John Craig, of Keokuk, Iowa. By 
this last union Dr. Davis has no children. He 
owns a tine farm in Canton township, situated 
about two and one half miles from Washington, on 
the Baltimore & Ohio railroad, and his home since 
his marriage has been on West Chestnut street, in 
the borough. Politically he was originally a Whig, 
then, on the formation of the party, a stanch Re- 
publican. He was formerly connected with the 
First Presbyterian Church, but is now a member 
and trustee of the Third Presbyterian Church. 

IiAMES C. ACHESON. No family can boast 
^ I a prouder lineage, or are more worthy repre- 
M sentatives of an honored race, than those eit 
izens of Washington county who bear the 
inline of Acheson. Their ancestors were origiually 
natives of Scotland, who in lliOl moved to County 
Armagh, Ireland. In 1776 Sir Archibald Acheson 
became Baron Gosford, subsequently receiving the 
title of "viscount.'' The descendants of the fam- 
ily, who afterward emigrated to America, resided 
on the family estate at Glassdrtiminond, in County 

George Acheson, a lineal ancestor of the Wash 
ington county family, was born in 1724. He was 
married to Elizabeth, daughter of David Weir, a 
merchant of Belfast, Ireland, and she bore him 
seven children, viz. : George, John, Thomas, Will- 
iam, Hannah, Ellen and David. Of these children 
George and William died on the homestead in Ire- 
land; the others all came to America and settled 
here. The father died in July, 18P2, having been 
preceded to the grave by his wife July 29, 1808. 

John Acheson came to America before the close 
of the Revolutionary war, and commenced trading; 
was also employed by the United States Govern 
ment to furnish the National troops with supplies 
during the Indian wars. He died in 1790 (while 
crossing the Alleghany mountains on horseback), 
leaving a widow and two daughters in Ireland. In 
1807 the youngest daughter came to America, and 
lived with her uncle David. 

David Acheson, youngest son of George, and 
brother of John, was born in 1770, coming with 
his brothers to America in 1788, first locating in 
Philadelphia, Penn. He brought the following 
letter from the pastorof his father's church: "The 
bearer, David Acheson, intending to remove to 
North America, this, therefore, is to certify that he 



is a young man of sober and good conduct, and 
son of Mr. George Acheson, an elder of the Seced- 
ing Congregation of Market Hill, in the County of 
Armagh, Ireland. This is given under my hand 
(his 30th of April, 1788. David Arnott, Minister." 
Alter arriving in America, David Acheson assisted 
his brother John in furnishing supplies for the 
United States army, continuing in that business 
until the death of Johu. Among the papers yet in 
possession of the family are accounts of mercantile 
trips made by the brothers, in 1790 and 1791, from 
Pittsburgh to New Orleans, also a letter written by 
the Spanish authorities (in that language) permit 
ting David Acheson to transact business in their 
territory. He began the study of law with James 
Ross after the death of his brother, but did not 
continue it; then joined in business pursuits with 
his brother Thomas. They were largely interested 
in the tea trade at Pittsburgh and Washington. 
In 1795, L797 and 1804 David Acheson represented 
Washington county in the State Legislature, hav- 
ing been elected by the Democratic party. Early 
in the year 1799 David Acheson was united in 
marriage with Elizabeth, daughter of Samuel 
Young, of Philadelphia. She died February 27, 
1800, leaving an infant daughter, Eliza Young (af- 
terward Mrs. Woodward), who was reared by her 
grandmother in Philadelphia and died in Cleve- 
land, Ohio. In November, 1802, he visited the old 
country, remaining about six months in England 
and Ireland. On October 31, 1805, he was united 
in marriage with Mary, daughter of John Wilson, 
of Washington, Penn., a native of Ireland. They 
immediately made their home in Philadelphia, re 
turning to Washington in 1815. The children of 
this family were born as follows: John (who died 
in 1X33 in Arkansas), Alexander W. (who became 
judge, and died in Washington county), Catherine 
(deceased wife of William V. Davis of Lancaster, 
Penn.), David (died in 1820), Mary Jane (married 
to Joseph MoKnight, of Pittsburgh, Penn. , and died 
in 1843), Margaret, William (died in 1873, in Arm 
strong county, Penn.), George (studied law with 
his brother Alexander W. Acheson, and he and C. 
W. Slagle, of Washington, were both admitted to 
the liar in the spring of 1843, and they at once 
proceeded to Iowa, settling in Fairfield and entering 
partnership for the practice of law, which partner- 
ship continued for thirty-eight years, or until the 
death of George Acheson in the spring of 188 1 . 
Mr. Slagle died one year later. They were the 
oldest law firm in Iowa), James G. (of whom special 
mention is made further on), Ellen (wife of Rev. 
Dr. Brownson), Marcus W. (an attorney, was judge 
of district court of western Pennsylvania for ten 
years, in L891 succeeding Judge McKenuan as cir- 
cuit judge), and David (living in Pittsburgh, 
After his return lo Washington, Penn., David 

Acheson erected his elegant home where Jonathan 
Allison is now living. Mr. Acheson entered busi- 
ness at Washington, but, some investments in real 
estate having failed, he soon retired from active 
life. In 1840, then over seventy years of age, he 
made another trip to Ireland, returning to America 
two years later. In 1848 he was seized with a 
paralytic stroke, but lingered until December 1. 
IS.) I, when death relieved him; his widow passed 
away August 2, 1872, aged eighty-five years. The 
following obituary notice appeared in one of the 
papers: ''He was an accurate and close observer of 
public and political affairs as connected not only 
with our own Government, but with the prominent 
nations of Europe, of the diplomacy of which, as 
well as of their policy, there were but few private 
men of his day, retiring and unobtrusive as he 
was, who better understood or could more accurate 
ly delineate. His judgment and conclusions, 
which were always deliberate and well matured by 
his deep-thinking, strong mind, were valuable and 
very highly esteemed by those acquainted with 
him, whether in public or private life. Thus during 
the period of vigorous manhood he enjoyed a most 
extensive popularity and influence in the State of 
Pennsylvania particularly, and with many of her 
most distinguished individuals, in her political 
party history and government, he was on the 
closest terms of intimacy ; hence his opinions and 
counsels were always much sought after and great- 
ly valued. As a private friend and in social life, 
Mr. Acheson was a man of ardent and sincere at- 
tachments, and where personal effort or labor were 
needed he never faltered or shrunk by reason of 
apparent difficulty or threatened danger, ever 
ready and willing to serve his friends at whatever 
responsibility or personal risk by day or night, at 
home or abroad." 

The surviving children of David and Mary 
Acheson, lor the first time after a lapse of over thirty- 
years, all met at the old homestead in Washing 
ton, on the occasion of the death of their mother. 
Her funeral took place August 4, 1872, and the 
day following they repaired to the graves of their 
parents, in Washington cemetery, and there agreed 
that they, and the survivors of them and the last 
survivor, would annually revisit the graves of their 
parents on October 31, the anniversary of their 

James C. Acheson was born February 13, IS'24, 
in Washington, Penn. He attended the common 
schools of his native borough, and also studied at 
college, but did not graduate. At the age of six 
teen years he left home, and clerked for a time in 
a store at Pittsburgh, Penn., afterward one year in 
Wheeling, W. Va., in a similar capacity. In 1842 
he returned to Washington, and the following year 
began clerking for his brother William, who bad 
opened a grocerj business in Washington, .lames 



C. afterward became his brother's partner, and in 

1863 bought the entire store, which he has since 
conducted. He was thrice married; first time 
April 20, 1847, to Elizabeth Wilson, who bore him 
four children, two of whom are now living: Mary 
(at home), and Anna (Mrs. Henry Dongan, of 
Washington). This wife dying in 1855, Mr. Ache- 
son married, October 1, 1857, Mary E. Mahon, a 
teacher in Washington Seminary. She died in 
I860, leaving two children, one of whom is now 
deceased, the other, Alexander M. , being a civil 
engineer on the Texas branch of the Missouri, 
Kansas & Texas Railroad. For his third wife 
.lames C. Acheson married, September 1, 1863, 
Mary F. Bureau, granddaughter of an early 
French settler of Gallipolis, Ohio. Five children 
have been born to this last marriage, namely: 
Madeleine (Mrs. Frederick S. Rich, in Oil City, 
Penn.), Margaret B., Grace O, C. L. Valcaulon 
and Eleanor W. , the latter four yet living at home. 
Since the Kansas trouble, in 1856, Mr. Acheson 
has been a Republican, and during the war of the 
Rebellion the family were all Union men, some of 
them serving in the army. He is a F. & A. M. 
an 1 at one time was district deputy grand master. 
In religion he is a member of and elder in the 
Presbyterian Church, and has served twenty nine 
consecutive years as superintendent of the Sabbath- 
school. In municipal matters, be has served as a 
member of the borough council. Mr. Aches us 
success in life is due to earnest effort, his whole 
tira< being devoted to the business in which he is 


treasurer of Washington county, and one 
of its most efficient, courteous and pains 
taking officials, was elected in 1890 to the 
position he so ably fills, his term expiring January 
1, 1894. 

John Chambers, father of subject, was born in 
South Strabane township, this county, September 
fi, 1813, and in early life learned the trade of 
blacksmith, which he for a time followed, but on 
coming of age he abandoned the anvil for the 
counter, embarking in mercantile business in Buf- 
falo village. Here he remained till 1830, when he 
removed to Canonsburg and opened out a store for 
the sale of general merchandise, which he con- 
ducted up to the time of his death. He was twice 
married ; first time to Miss Catherine, daughter of 
Josiah Ramsey, of South Strabane township, by 
which union there were children as follows: 
Martha, wife of Dr. W. G. Keady. a Presbyterian 
minister, of Greensboro, Ala. ; Josiah R., who died 
in 1886 (his family are now residents of Washing- 
ton county); John S., in Leavenworth, Kans. ; 
Nannie H. , widow of Merrick S. McCloy, of 

Canonsburg (she has one child, Walter L.); 
William B. , of whom special mention will be 
presently made; and Dora A., wife of A. B. Gal 
braith, of Allegheny City. The mother of this 
family died in 1S51 in Canonsburg, and Mr. Cham 
bers married, for his second wife, Mrs. B. P. Mc 
Conneil !//" Watson), a widow lady who had one 
child by her first husband, Annie, who was married 
to John Gamble, of Nottingham township. By 
Mr. Chambers' second marriage there is one child, 
Ida May, now living with the subject of this 
sketch at his home in Canonsburg. John Cham 
bers was a Democrat, and had held borough offices; 
he died October 26, 1885, a member of the Presby- 
terian Church. His second wife died November 
9, 1891. 

William Buchanan Chambers was born in 
Canonsburg, Washington Co., Penn. , August 14, 
1850, and received his education at the common 
schools of that borough, afterward attending Wash 
ington and Jefferson College to the clo^e of the 
freshman year. His vacations he spent in his 
father's store, gaining an insight into commercial 
routine, but soon after leaving college he moved to 
McDonald Station, same county, where he was en- 
gaged as clerk in store of J. D. Sauters, and here 
he remained five years. Thence he proceeded to 
Pittsburgh, and clerked in a grocery store there 
two years, for the Valley Milk Co., after which he 
came. January 1, 1880. to Washington to till the 
position of deputy sheriff, under George Perritte, 
who was then sheriff of the county. Mr. Perritte 
he succeeded, being elected sheriff in 1882, and 
served three years— from January 1, 1883, to Jan- 
uary 1, 1886. At the expiration of his term he 
was appointed chief U. S. deputy marshal, under 
George W. Miller, marshal for the Western Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania, serving four years, and on 
the latter' s removal, continued in office four months 
longer, under the present marshal, but being a 
Democrat, and the Government Republican, he was 
removed. He then returned to Canonsburg, where 
he remained unemployed until his election to his 
present incumbency, overcoming a nominal Repub- 
lican majority of 1,800, the first Democratic treas- 
urer elected in the past twenty-five years. Our sub- 
ject is the only Democratic county official. Wash 
ington being strongly Republican. While a stu- 
dent at college, he was a member of the Phi 
Kappa Sigma Fraternity, and of the Philo-Union 
Literary Society of Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege. His esteem and worth as a public officer were 
recognized at a banquet held by the Washington 
county bar, on his retirement from the office of 
sheriff, on which occasion Alexander Wilson, Esq., 
offered the following sentiment, which was unani 
mously accepted by the assemblage: 

William B. CJinmbem, E»q.:— A faithful officer, fearless 
in the- discharge of his duties, pleasant in his intercourse 



with li is fellow citizens, kind and obliging to the mem- 
bers of the bar and officers of the court. He retires from 

it dice of High Sherifl of Washington county with an 

honorable record for purity and integrity, and with the 
best wishes of all who have had official and personal in 
tercourse with him. 

J | AMES GORDON SLOAN, M. D., one of the 
leading popular physicians of Washington 
| county, was born ai Frankfort, Beaver Co., 

Penn", January IS, 1841. 

His paternal and maternal aucestors wen' 
from the North of Ireland. His paternal grand 
parents, .lames Sloan and wife, came from County 
Tyrone, Ireland, to Washington county, Penn., in 
1801, and settled on a farm near West Middletown, 
in Hopewell township, where they passed the rest 
of their pioneer lives, dying at an advanced age. 
They were Presbyterians of the Covenanter school. 
Their children who reached the age of maturity 
were Jane (who died unmarried), Robert (who 
married, but had no children), James (father of our 
subject), Eliza (married, but had no children), and 
John C. (married, and had six children; he was 
prominent in politics, and represented Washing 
ton county in the Legislature; was also a promi 
nent farmer). 

James Sloan, son of James the pioneer of the 
family, was born on the old homestead farm of his 
father, in Hopewell township. He was twice mar 
ried, first in 1832, to Miss Sarah Liudsey, by whom 
he had one daughter, who became the wile of R. 
C. Mcllvain, of Somerset township, Washington 
county, a cousin of Judge John A. Mcllvaine. 
Mrs. Sarah Liudsey Sloan dying one year after 
her marriage, her bereaved husband, for his sec- 
ond wife, was united in marriage in 1840 with Miss 
Margaret Gordon, by which union there were two 
children: James G., and Martha A., the hitter of 
whom died at the age of nine years. 

James Gordon Sloan was educated in the com 
men school of Mordecai Hoge, in Somerset town 
ship, Washington Co.. Penn., then attended the acad 
emv of Hon. John C. Messenger, at Hoge's Summit 
In 1859 he entered Jefferson College, Canonsburg, 
graduating therefrom August 7, 1862. On August 
13, same year, he enlisted in Company G, One Hun 
dred and Fortieth Pennsylvania Volunteers, Capt. 
John Fraser, professor of mathematics in Jeffer 
son College. Our subject served until I he close of 
the war, having participated in the battles of 
Chancellorsville. Gettysburg, Wilderness, Spott 
sylvania and Cold Harbor, and was present at the 
surrender of Gen. Lee to Gen. Grant. His 
credentials from his company, regimental, divisional 
and corps commanders — Capt. Bingham, Brevet 
Brig. Gen. Fraser, Gen. John C. Caldwell, Divis 
ion Commander and Maj.-Gen. W. S. Hancock — 
all testify to his faithful service and bravery as a 

soldier. At the close of the war he received an 
appointment in the Interior Department, Land 
Office Bureau, at Washington, where he remained 
four years. He read medicine with Dr. Johnson 
Eliott, of Washington. D. C, attended medical 
lectures at Georgetown College, Washington, D. 
C , and graduated in 1809. The Doctor first be- 
gan the practice of his profession in Fayette City, 
Payette Co., Penn., and in 1N74 removed to Mo- 
nongahela, where he has been actively and success- 
fully engaged in the practice of medicine. 

On July 5, 1866, Dr. Sloan was married to Miss 
Carrie M. Hamilton, who was born near Munn 
town. Washington Co., Penn., daughter of Alex- 
ander ami Elizabeth (Bushager) Hamilton, who 
were members of the Presbyterian Chinch at 
Pigeon Creek, of which Mr. Hamilton was a ruling 
elder a number of years. Dr. and Mrs. Sloan 
have one daughter, Margaret Gordon, wife of Dr. 
W. W. Medill, a graduate of Washington College, 
now a practicing physician in Denver, Colo. Dr. 
Sloan is one of the pension surgeons for Washing 
ton count v. 

THE MURDOCH FAMILY trace their line 
age to one John Murdoch, a native of Scot 
land, who came from Carlisle, Penn., to 
North Strabane township, Washington 
county, in 1?78. His third son, Alexander 
Murdoch, was born in 1770, on the home farm 
i ear Carlisle, where his earliest boyhood was 
passed. He accompanied the family to Washing 
ton county, and when a young man purchased the 
Canonsburg mills, together with a large tract of 
land adjoining them. From these mills he loaded 
two large Hat boats with Hour and saddlery, land 
ing them safely in New Orleans; then returned on 
horseback through the unbroken wilderness. In 
1803 he was united in marriage with Elizabeth. 
daughter of Rev. Matthew Henderson, of Char- 
tiers township. In 1809 he received an appoint- 
ment, from the governor, as prothonotary of the 
court of common pleas of Washington county, 
serving in that office until 1819. Upon acceptance 
of this position he sold his property in Canons 
burg, and, moving to Washington, in 1S'_''J erected 
a house which is now a part of the " Hotel Main." 
He resided there until 1828, during which time he 
was engaged in mercantile enterprises, then pur 
chased 100 acres known as the " Morgan za tract,'' 

located lw liles from Canonsburg. In 1828 he 

and his family moved to this place, and he died in 
1836; his widow passed her last days in Canons 
burg, where she was laid to rest in March, 1863, 
at the age of eighty three years. They were the 
parents of eleven children, of whom are named : 
Ma iv M.. widow of Hon. J. L. Gow, of Washing- 
ton; Mrs Sarah B. Musser. of Nelsonville, Ohio; 



Mrs. E. W. Wilson, of Moberly, Mo.; Anna, also 
living in Moberly, Mo. ; and Alexander, a lawyer 
of Washington, Penu. The latter practiced law 
with his brother-in-law, J. L. Gow, and in April, 
1861, received the appointment, from President 
Lincoln, as United States marshal of western 
Pennsylvania. After serving one term he was 
again appointed, remaining two years, and, and in 
March. 1869, was selected, by President Grant, 
to again till that position, which he resigned in 
December, 1872. His sou, John H. , is a lawyer 
and a credit to his father. 

|W7 of the Second Presbyterian Church, of 

I V Washington, was born in Hookstown, Bea- 
Jj » verCo., Penn., October 18,1852. He is a 
v son of William and Violetta (Thayer) 

Saowden, both natives of Hancock county, W. Va., 
whence they removed to Hookstown, Penn., and 
from there, in 1865, to Wellsville, Ohio, where Ihey 
still reside. Mr. Suowden being engaged in the 
wall paper business. 

The subject of this memoir received his primary 
education in the country school of his native place. 
and in the Wellsville High School. He early de 
veloped remarkable mechanical gifts, and while a 
lad constructed a small working steam engine. 
which he still keeps with pride. In his youth he 
worked in his father's cabinet-making shop, and 
virtually acquired this trade. His deeper inclina- 
tion, however, led him to seek a higher education. 
After teaching a year in the Wellsville common 
school, and preparing himself in Greek, he entered 
Washington and Jefferson College in the fall of 
1872. Here he took high rank as a student, in 
his senior year won the debate on the annual con- 
test, and graduated with the first honorof his class 
in 1875. In the fall of the same year he entered 
the Western Theological Seminary at Allegheny, 
Penn., where he maintained his high scholarship, 
receiving two prizes of 1100 each for superior pro- 
ficiency in Hebrew, and where he graduated in 

Mr. Snowden was licensed to preach by the 
Presbytery of Steubenville, April 24, 1877. Hav- 
ing received a call from the church of Huron, Ohio, 
he was ordained and installed pastor by the Pres- 
bytery of Huron on May 6, 1879. In this charge 
he remained four years, when he accepted a call 
from the Presbyterian Church, of Sharon, Penn. 
After a successful pastorate of three years in this 
field, he accepted a call, in 1886, from the Second 
Presbyterian Church, of Washington, his present 
charge. His ministry in this important church 
has been remarkably blessed. During the last four 
years nn average of nearly one hundred accessions 
a year hav*j been added to its membership, which 

has grown during the present pastorate from 375 
to 650 members, crowding the auditorium of the 
new church to its utmost capacity. This is now 
the largest church of any denomination in Wash 
ington county. 

On August 1, 1878, Mr. Snowden was united in 
marriage with Miss Mary A. Ross, daughter of 
William and Abigail Ross, of Wellsville, Ohio. 
Three children have come to bless their home: 
Grace, born in Huron, Ohio, May 23, 1879; Roy 
Ross, born in Sharon, Penn., April 22, 1885; and 
Harold Winters, horn in Washington, Penn., Jan 
uary2, 1889. 

Mr. Snowden has a fine library, and has read 
widely in modern science and English literature. 
His sermons are clear and logical, popular and 
practical, containing many short sentences and 
striking statements of truth, and abounding in il 
lustrations drawn from literature and life. 

( ILLIAM P. CHERRY, sheriff of Wash- 
ington county, was born May 8, 1839, in 
MountPleasant township. He is a grand- 
son of Edward Cherry, who was a native 
of Scotland, having emigrated to Wash 
ington county at an early day. 

Aaron Cherry, father of subject, was born on a 
farm in "Cherry Valley," Washington county, and 
learned the carpenter' sand cooper's trades. When 
a young man he was married to Margaret, daughter 
of John Benward, of Lancaster county. Mr. and 
Mrs. Cherry began wedded life on a farm in Mt. 
Pleasant township. After raising a large family, 
they moved to Urichsville, Ohio, where he followed 
his trade in connection with farming, making a 
specialty of violins and other fine musical instru- 
ments. He was a member of the U. P. Church, 
and died at Urichsville, in 1875. at the age of six 
ty-tive years. The old house is yet standing, and 
the mantels, which are in an excellent state of pies 
ervation. are fine specimens of his handiwork. A 
part of the home is owned by his brother Edward 
P., who died in December, 1892. Since then that 
portion has become the property of our subject. 

William P. Cherry grew to manhood on the farm 
in Mt. Pleasant township, then learned the wagon 
and carriage making business at Hickory, Wash- 
ington county. He first began business at Clokey- 
ville, Washington county; then worked two years 
at Noblestown, being afterward in the employ of 
John Hallam, of Washington, for a time. In 
August, 1862, he enlisted in Company F, One 
Hundred and Thirty ninth P. V. I., under Col. 
Caldyer, of Pittsburgh. He took part in the fol- 
lowing engagements: second battle of Bull Run, 
Harper's Ferry, Antietam, Fredericksburg and 
Gettysburg, his regiment having been badly broken 
during the last mentioned battle. At the battle 



of Mine Run, December 1, 1863, he was struck- in 
the left breast by a minie-ball, which passed through 
the lung and Lodged in his hack, where it has yet 
remained, and still causes him some trouble. In 
1863 he was captured by the enemy, and first 
taken to Belle Isle, where he was confined three 
months, then to Andersonville prison, where he re- 
mained seven months, thence to Savannah, Ga., 
where he was exchanged and three months later 
went home on a furlough. Some time after he re- 
turned to his regiment, and remained until the 
close of the war. On December 25, 1865, he se- 
lected a life companion in the person of Harriet 
E., daughter of John and Mary McBane. who 
came from Soot-land to Pittsburgh, Penn., where 
he died. To the union of William P. and Harriet 
E. Cherry four children were born, namely: Ade- 
laide, who died in infancy; Birdie S. ; Lillian, and 
William, a graduate of Washington Business Col- 
lege, and now assistant deputy for his father. In 
186(1 Mr. Cherry was foreman of the Penn St. R. 
R. line, occupying that position for some time. 
Mr. Cherry left Pittsburgh and moved to West 
Liberty, Washington Co., Penn., in 1869, where 
he wurked as a journeyman; then opened a general 
carriage business at, Sodom, Allegheny Co., Penn.; 
thence he moved to Houstonville, Penn., and con-' 
ducted an extensive business for eight years; 
then moved to East Bethlehem township, and 
conducted business for seven years. In 18NS he 
was appointed deputy sheriff under George B. 
Lockhart, and in 1891 became sheriff of Washing- 
ton county, which position he is now occupying. 
Sheriff Cherry has filled township offices, and is a 
member of William Harton Post. No. 519, G. A. 
R., at Centreville He is also a member of the 
U. V. TJ., and of the I. 0. O. F. In church rela- 
tions he is identified with the Jefferson Avenue 
M. E. Church. 

DR. BRADLEY MINTON. Among (he rep 
I resentative thorough business men and 
/ wide-awake citizens of Claysvillc. this 
gentleman stands second to none. 
He is a worthy native of the county, having 
been born in 1843, on a farm in Morris township. 
where his early life was passed. He received his 
education at, the common schools of the district and 
at (he high schools of -the county. In 1862 he 
commenced the study of medicine with Dr. Whittle 
sey, of Washington, this county, remaining under 
his able preceptorship several years, and when 
thoroughly prepared, commenced the practice of 
his profession in Lawrence county, Perm., where he 
remained seven years, and then removed to 
Wayneslmrgh, Greene Co. , same State, and here 
continued practice until 1876, in which year he 
purchased a drugstore ill Claysville, the business 

of which has increased from year to year, till to- 
day it is unsurpassed, in cpiantity and quality of 
stock, in the county. 

While a resident of Lawrence county, the 
Doctor was united in marriage with Mattie E. Gere, 
who died April 25. 1889, leaving no children, and 
on August 13, 1891, he was again wedded, on this 
occasion to Mary L., daughter of John R. Ander- 
son, of Donegal toweship. Since becoming a resi- 
dent of Claysville. Dr. Minton has been deeply in 
forested in the growth and prosperity of the 
place, and has given material aid to all worthy 
enterprises. Since its organization, he has been 
identified with the Monongahela National Bank at 
Pittsburgh, arid has been interested in the well- 
known drug house of L. H. Harris & Co.. of that 
city. On the establishment of the First, National 
Bank of Claysville, in April, 1890, he was elected 
president, a position he has filled until the present 
time with eminent, satisfaction to all concerned. 
The Doctor has been a lifelong Democrat, and has 
always taken an active interest, in the affairs of the 
parly, having creditably served in several offices of 
honor and trust, in the borough of Claysville. 

. I member of the firm of Alexander & Co., third 
\( J I son of Joseph and Mary (Jones') Alexander, 
was born in Williamsport (now Monongahela) 
August 28, 1828. He was partly educated at 
Blake"s and Hazzard's academies, in Williamsport, 
finishing his education at Washington College. 
He then entered his father's store as a clerk, 
eventually becoming a partner, and has since, 
through a long term of service, been thoroughly 
identified with the firm of Alexander & Co., in 
whose fortunes he has been an active and important 

On January 16, 1859, Mr. Alexander was mar 
lied to Miss Susan Stoddard King, daughter of 
Samuel and Mary B. (Williams) King, of Dayton, 
Ohio. The father of Mrs. Alexander wasaman of 
importance in his community, an elder in the First 
Presbyterian Church of Dayton, and was highly 
esteemed as a Christian and a gentleman. Part 
of Dayton is built on the farm he patented. Mr. 
and Mrs. Alexander are members of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Monongahela. They have 
four children: Mary E.. Harriet K, William H. 
(with Alexander & Co.) and Frederick K. (teller of 
the Fort Pitt, National Bank. Pittsburgh). 

The subject of this sketch has devoted himself 
mainly to domestic and business affairs. He has 
traveled considerably, and is a frequent visitor to 
the Eastern cities, where he has a large circle of 
acquaintances, but his pleasures lie chiefly in his 
family circle and in his library. In all matters 
pertaining to the practical progress of the com- 



inanity betakes an active interest; but valuing the 
independence of a private citizen, generally de- 
clines any public office, although he has served as 
clerk of the councils and as treasurer of the school 
board; he is now president of the board of deacons 
and trustees of the First Presbyterian Church. 
Mr. Alexander's life lias been and is yet devoted to 
business; with unusual health, industry and ability 
he has for years given vigorous attention to the 
affairs of Alexander & Co., and is always to be 
found at the counter, ever ready and prompt to 
meet the demands of the times. 

ALEXANDER. The first of the Alexander 
family in Washington county, of whom there is 
any record, was one Elias Alexander, who was 
born in 1(580, and died in 1780. His son, Isaac, 
was born December 1(5, 1715. Isaac had one son, 
Joseph, born in Maryland July 9, 1765, and died 
in Ohio July 9, 1847. Joseph married Rose Ann 
Jones, also a native of Maryland, born October 17, 
17(55. and died in Ohio in 1850. She was a sister 
of William Jones, who lived near Ginger Hill, 
Washington county. 

Joseph and Rose Ann (Jones) Alexander had 
nine children: Elizabeth (Betsy), Sally, Mary 
(Polly), Hannah, Joseph (of whom special mention 
will lie made hereafter), Elijah, James S., Bela and 
Rose Ann. Of these Betsy and Polly married two 
brothers named Sheplar, uncles of Capt. Joseph 
Sheplar, of Rostraver township, Westmoreland Co., 
Penn. The Slieplars moved to northern Ohio on 
or near the Maumee river, about the year 1845, 
having previous to that time lived in Holmes county, 
Ohio. Elijah Alexander died at the age of nine- 
teen, unmarried. Hannah married Benjamin 
Thomas, lived in Westmoreland county, and died 
August 9, 18(53. James S. was married twice, his 
first wife being Miss Elizabeth Bailey (the name of 
second wife can not be given at present writing). 
His children by first marriage were: John Bailey. 
Drummond. Martha, James, Alvira, Julia, and a 
daughter who died in infancy. Of these children 
Alvira married James Mills, one of the editors of 
the Pittsburgh Post. Bela Alexander was born in 
Belmont county, Ohio, and married a Miss Barnes 
(both now deceased). Rose Ann Alexander mar 
ried John Moseley (both now deceased). 

Of this family the direct progenitor of the sub 
jects proper of this memoir was Joseph (the fifth 
child), who was born at Ten-Mile Creek. Washing 
ton Co., Penn.. April 1, 1795. and died at Monon- 
gahela June 20, 1871. On March 8, 1819, he was 
married, by Rev. John White, to Mary Jones 
(daughter of William Jones, of Washington county. 
Penn.), who died August 15, 1856 They had 
eight children: William Jones (of whom mention 
will be made farther on). Rose Ann (born March 
5. 1822, married to Dr. Nelson A. Adams), Eliza 
(born in Westmoreland county, April 3, 1824, mar 

ried December 28, 1846, to Capt. David B. Herron), 
Elijah Bascom (born in Westmoreland county. 
May 6, 1826, died June 29, 1827), James Sanson) 
(mention of whom will be made farther on), Mary 
Emeline (born in Williamsport, now Monongahela, 
April 15, 1831, died October 5, 18S9), Amanda 
Malvina (born at Williamsport April 29, 1833, 
died April 9, 1854), and Hannah Theresa (born at 
Williamsport December 31, 1835, died March 13, 

The early life of Joseph Alexander was spent on 
the farm on Ten-Mile creek, later on a farm in 
Rostraver township, Westmoreland county. Sub 
sequently the family moved to Barnesville, Ohio, 
where he received such education as the time and 
place afforded, and it is apparent that lie profiled 
by these opportunities, and was fairly well edu 
cated for his time and circumstances. During his 
life in Barnesville his father was interested in 
teaming and transporting supplies for United States 
troops, then engaged in the war of 1812. Joseph 
was then employed by his father as a teamster, 
and among his associates and companions was Tom 
Oorwin, who became famous in after years as a 
statesman, serving as governor of Ohio, United 
States senator, etc. Oorwin was employed by 
Joseph's father also as a teamster, the two boys 
occupying the same room. After marriage he set- 
tled on a farm in Rostraver township, Westmore 
land county, where William, Rose Ann, Eliza and 
Elijah were born. In 1828 he moved to Williams 
port (now Monongahela) and entered into the mer- 
cantile business, living there until the time of his 
death in 1871, with the exception of two years be 
tween April 1, 1.829, to April 1, 1831, during which 
interval he resided in Cookstown (now Favette 

Joseph Alexander was prominently identified 
with the moral, social and business interests of 
Monongahela, serving frequently as a member of 
council, and school board. He was a member and 
trustee of the M. E. Church; was an original stock- 
holder, and among the first managers of Williams 
port Bridge Company. His long and honorable 
career as a merchant gave him a wide acquaintance 
in Washington and adjacent counties, and his 
frank and manly traits of character, as well as his 
uprightness and native kindness, won for him the 
esteem and affection of a large circle of friends. 
For a long period (since 1850) he was associated 
in business with his sons, under the firm of Alex- 
ander & Co. , at first in mercantile and subsequently 
in banking business. 

Joseph Alexander was progressive and enter 
prising in all hisefforts; and in the various positions 
of honor and trust he occupied was always zealous 
and faithful. He was a member of the school 
board at the time of the building of the school- 
house on Chess street, now occupied as a primary 



school, and was earnest in advocating the impor- 
tance of the new building which met with consider- 
able opposition, giving much of his time and per- 
sonal attention in superintending the erection of 
the building. He was also a member of the board 
of trustees of the M. E. Church at the time of the 
erection of the present edifice (as well as the edi- 
fice preceding it, which was erected in 1833), and 
although then advanced in years and in feeble 
health gave liberally and was active and earnest 
in his efforts in behalf of the movement. He was 
a man of uncompromising integrity and of strong 
convictions — fearless and aggressive in the expres- 
sion of his opinions and unhesitatingly champion- 
ing any cause which he believed to be right. He 
was one of the first to avow anti-slavery and aboli- 
tion sentiments, at a time when such ideas were by 
no means regarded with favor. During the war of 
the Rebellion he was fervently loyal to the 
United States Government, and fiercely intolerant 
of any other sentiments. Ho died at the .age of 
seventy-six — after a life of honest purpose and 
honest industry, his declining years having been 
spent in comfort and ease amongst his children, 
six of whom were living, all in the course of 
honorable and successful careers; his sons follow- 
ing along the same lines of life that he had trod 
with ability and success, but with ampler means 
and more extended interests. 

William J. Alexander, Monongahela, is the 
eldest son of Joseph and Mary (Jones) Alexander, 
and the senior member of the firm of Alexander & 
Co., bankers, Monongahela. 

When the subject of this sketch was eight years 
old his father removed to Williamsport (now Mo- 
nongahela), entered into the mercantile business 
and lived there until his death, with the exception 
of two years spent in Cookstown (now Fayette 
City). The education of William J. Alexander 

was such as was usually obtained at the com u 

subscription schools of that day, and early in life 
(in 1836) he began his business career in Pitts- 
burgh, under the employ of Andrew Pierce. How- 
ever, his term of service in Pittsburgh was of short 
duration, for his father requiring his assistance in 
the business in Monongahela, he came home and 
entered his father's store, where the advantage of 
his energy and capacity were soon manifest. In 
the spring of 1843 he became the junior partner of 
J. Alexander & Son, which copartnership continued 
until the present firm of Alexander & Co. was or- 
ganized in 1850, the style remaining unchanged 
since that date. In the early days of his business 
career his father, quick to recognize and acknowl 
edge the son's practical business ability, and hav- 
ing firm faith in his sagacity and persevering in- 
dustry, yielded to him the responsible manage 
incut of the business from the time he was admitted 
into partnership. Since that date to the present 

time he has been actively engaged in business, and 
has been the recognized head of the firm of Alex 
ander & Co., which under his lead has achieved its 
present success and enviable reputation, making 
fifty years of active business life. On November 
14. 1844, William J. Alexander was married to 
Eliza Morrison, daughter of John and Margaret 
(Porter) Morrison. 

Prior to the year 1N(>4, the firm of Alexander & 
Co. conducted the dry-goods business in connection 
with banking. During that year the dry-goods 
interests were disposed of, and the business has 
since been exclusively banking. The firm is now 
(January, 1893) composed of William J. Alexander, 
James S. Alexander and Joseph Alexander Herron. 

While Mr. Alexander has given his earnest and 
active attention to his varied business interests, he 
has from his earliest manhood been more or less 
engaged in the promotion of every practical proj- 
ect for improving the material, moral and educa 
tional welfare of the community in which he has 
lived. He has been an active participant in the 
management of municipal and educational matters, 
and has enjoyed to a rare degree the esteem and 
confidence of his fellow-townsmen, as has been 
testified to, in numerous elections. In 1888, the 
unusual compliment was paid to him of the nomi- 
nation as controller by both parties. He is now 
president of the Monongahela Gas Company; has 
been identified with the management of the Mo- 
nongahela cemetery since the inception of the en 
terprise twenty six years ago; has been a member 
and officer in the First Presbyterian Church for 
nearly fifty years. Throughout the great Rebellion 
he was prompt and earnest in all his duties as a 
loyal citizen. He served as captain of Company 
G, Eighteenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Militia of 
1802 (an organization called out by Gov. Curtin 
to meet an exigency of the war), and served with 
his regiment on the borders of Pennsylvania and 
Maryland during the last days of the memorable 
campaign which closed by the repulse and defeat 
of the rebel forces under Lee at South Mountain 
and Antietam. Capt. Alexander's company was 
recruited in Monongahela, and was composed en- 
tirely of his neighbors and friends. There were 
eighty-two officers and men mustered into the 
United States service in Company G, etc., and of 
these thirty-three are known to be dead, with date 
and placeof death; twenty-two are now (1893) res 
idents of Monongahela; twenty seven reside out- 
side of Monongahela, most of their residences 
known. The names of the survivors residing in 
Monongahela are Alexander, William J. ; Boyd, 
Reese; Blythe, James; Blvthe, John; Collins, 
Thomas; Corrin, Edward: Finley, J. Barclay; 
Graham, A. V.; Gibson, Henry; Linn, Dr. George 
A. ; Lawrence, Hon. George V. ; McCurdy, T. Stock- 
ton; McGrew, James; Patterson, John; Robinson, 



Joseph C. ; Smith, A. Mason; Wilson, S. Clark; 
King, Richard C. ; Wilson, William H. ; Kennedy, 
James; Van Voorhis, Clinton; Long, J. K. 

While the subject of this sketch lias traveled 
much, and is familiar with most points of interest 
in his country, his life and habits have been es : 
sentially domestic. Mr. and Mrs. Alexander have 
no children, but their family circle was enlarged 
and enlivened by the presence of the three brothers 
of Mrs. Alexander — Joseph, Andrew and Dr. M. 
P. Morrison. \Vhile the two former were practic- 
ing lawyers in Pittsburgh, yet most of their leisure 
was spent at their Monongahela City home, which 
being almost contiguous to the Alexander residence, 
during the life of the Morrison brothers their in- 
timate relations and almost daily society made a 
family circle of congenial, cultivated and delight- 
ful intercourse. 

In the pursuit of Mr. Alexander's well-known 
musical and literary tastes, he has accumulated a 
valuable library, to which is now added the eollec 
tions of Joseph, Andrew and M. P. Morrison, all 
of whom were collectors of books, of cultivated in 
telligenee and tastes. The collection now contains 
many rare and valuable old editions, and editions 
de lux?, besides old manuscripts of interest and 
value. From this collection it has been the pleasure 
of Mr. and Mrs. Alexander to donate to the Car- 
negie Library of Allegheny the rare and valuable 
edition of "Audubon's Birds of America." We 
refer to two of the many notices of this gift. The 
Pittsburgh Daily Post of September 3, 1891, says: 
" The arrangements were concluded on yesterday 
between W. J. Alexander, the well-known banker 
of Monongahela City, and Librarian Stevenson of 
the Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny, for the 
donation to the library of t lit* most valuable single 
work, so far, which it has been the rare good fort 
une of the institution to receive. The work is 
the famous ''Audubon's Birds of America." The 
donors are Mrs. William J. Alexander, of Monon- 
gahela City, and Miss Sarah H. Patterson, of 
Allegheny. The work presented is one of great 
value on account of its excellent preservation, fine 
condition, great scarcity and a demand that can not 
be supplied at even great prices. There are about 
500 plates over 3x2 feet, and contain the life-size 
paintings of the largest birds. There are seven 
volumes quarto of the text 'as good as new.' 
Mr. Alexander refused all offers from the Carnegie 
Free Library, as well as all others, for the pur- 
chase of the work, preferring to donate it for the 
use of the public; and the generous gift will doubt- 
less be appreciated by all." The Boston Tran- 
8cript says: " The Carnegie Free Library in Alle 
gheny, Penn., has become the fortunate possessor 
of Audubon's 'Birds of America,' the gift of 
Mrs. William J. Alexander, of Monongahela City. 
The work is one of considerable rarity and of great- 

value, copies of the original editional selling at 
from $2,500 to $4,000. It is not generally known 
that the great naturalist's daughters live in the 
old homestead near Audubon Park, overlooking the 
Hudson. They were once possessed of consider 
able wealth, but it, was lost through unfortunate in 
vestments, and they are now in somewhat strait 
eued circumstances. Some of the big handsome 
plates from which Audubon's monumental work was 
printed are preserved in the Museum of Natural 
History in Central Park.'' 

■ In conclusion. Mr. Alexander is still engaged in 
business, but has reached that period of life, when 
he must necessarily give less attention to details. 
By sound and conservative business methods, be 
has acquired ample means; and while business still 
demands some time and attention, the principal 
portion of his time is now spent at his home and 
in his library. 

sional, social and personal history of Mo- 
nongahela City would be incomplete with- 
out a sketch of the Morrison Brothers, whose 
^ personality has been so long familiar, and 
still so fresh, in the recollection of most of our 
citizens; and whose memory is so much revered and 
cherished by them. 

They were the sons of John Morrison, who was 
born in 1789, near Londonderry, Ireland, whence 
he emigrated to the United States about 1811, set- 
tling near the Mingo Creek Presbyterian church. 
On February 29, IS'_'0, he married Margaret Por- 
ter, daughter of Mathew and Elizabeth Porter, 
who resided on a farm about two miles from Will 
iamsport (now Monongahela), Penn. A short time 
after their marriage they removed to a farm situ 
ated two and one-half miles above Elizabeth, Alle- 
gheny Co., Penn., on the Monongahela river. On 
this farm all the children of John and Margaret 
(Porter) Morrison were born. This farm was sold 
by Mr. Morrison in the spring of 1837, at which 
time he removed to Monongahela, Washington 
county, with his family, purchased real estate and 
made it their future permanent home. Mr. Mor- 
rison died October Pi, 1837, aged forty-eight years, 
leaving his widow (Margaret) with a family of six 
children, all of whom have passed to the other side, 
with the exception of Eliza, the eldest child, born 
January 11, 1821, and married to William J. Alex 
ander, of Monongahela, November 14, 1844. Mrs. 
Alexander is the last living representative of her 
generation of the Morrison family. 

Mrs. Margaret (Porter) Morrison (born Novem- 
ber, 1798), after having lived to educate her fam- 
ily (excepting James Oust who died in infancy), 
and see them grow up around her to adult age 
under her own guidance and example, becoming 


II .\sitl.X<;TOX COUNTY. 

useful and honored citizens, and members of so- 
ciety; enjoying their love and tenderness through 
a long and happy life, passed peacefully away, 
September IS, 1882, aged eighty four years. The 
children of John and Margaret (Porter) Morrison 
were as follows: Eliza, born January 11, 1821; 
Joseph Scott, born July 5, 1824, died April 20, 
1886; Mathew Porter, born December 14, 1826, 
died November 10, 1885; Andrew Porter, born 
November 2, 1829, died November 5, 1890; Jane, 
burn December 8, 1832, died February 17, 1871; 
James Cust, born September 15, 1835, died Octo 
ber6, 1837. 

Joseph Scott Morrison graduated at Washing 
ton College, Washington, Penn., in the class of 
1844; read law with Hon. T. M. T. McKennau; 
admitted to the Washington county bar 1847; 
shortly after became a member of the Allegheny 
county bar at, Pittsburgh, Penn., where he prac 
ticed law up to the time of his death, April 20, 1 886. 

Andrew Porter Morrison graduated at Wash- 
ington College in the class of 1849; read law with 
his brother Joseph, and with Judge William Mc- 
Kennau, from 1852 to 1854. He was associated 
in the practice of law with his brother, Joseph S., 
at Pittsburgh, from 1854 to 1861. On May 1, 1861, 
lie enlisted in Company A, Ninth Regiment Penn 
sylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps; was made a cor 
poral, and was promoted July, 1862, to be ser- 
geant-major; was desperately wounded at the 
battle of South Mountain, September 14, 1862; 
was mustered nut with his regiment May 12, 1864. 
He was historian of the Ninth Regiment of Penn- 
sylvania Reserves. At the dedication of the 
Gettysburg Monument, his address elicited high 
encomiums as a carefully prepared and accurate 
historical paper. After the war, Major Morrison 
resumed the practice of law, associated (as 
formerly) with his brother Joseph, until the death 
of the latter in 1886, afterward conducting the prac- 
tice alone. Having been warned of the dangers 
of heart trouble, he gradually gave up his law 
practice, refusing new business, and rapidly clos- 
ing up his docket, when suddenly overtaken by 
death. On September 11, 1866, he was married to 
Miss Rebecca S. H. Davis, of Allegheny. Resid- 
ing in Allegheny, he and his wife became members 
of the North Presbyterian Church, then under the 
care of Dr. A. A. Hodge. After the de;ith of his 
wife (born in 1839. died September' 5. 1X77) he re- 
turned to the old family homestead in Mononga- 
hela City, which was his earthly home until his 
departure for the heavenly, whither he was pre- 
ceded by his home circle, except his greatly beloved 
sister Eliza, the wife of William J. Alexander, 
Esq. Major Morrison changed his membership 
from Allegheny to the First Presbyterian Church, 
Monongahela City. September 8, 1878. By the 
unanimous voice of his church associates he was 

elected a ruling elder, which office, after due con- 
sideration, he accepted, and was ordained March 
31, 1889. Andrew 1'. Morrison was a man of the 

| highest type; the moral atmosphere whicli sur 
rounded him was pure, the example he set was 
helpful. His instincts were all gentle; his manner 
urbane; his friendship as true as gold; his career 
was that of honorable manhood, respected citizen- 
ship, unquestioned morality and professional in 

Dr Mathew Porter Morrison. As a fitting 
sketch, we take the liberty to make the following 
extracts from a paper prepared by Rev. William O. 
Campbell, D. D., for a memorial volume of Dr. 
Morrison, late of Monongahela. He received his 
first academic training at home in the academy 
conducted by the Rev. E. S. Blake, and T. R. 
Hazzard. Esq. He was a graduate of Washington 
College in the class of 1847. Among his class 
mates were the Hon. James G. Blaine; John H. 
Hampton, of Pittsburgh: Alexander Wilson. Esq., 
of Washington. Penn.; Hon. William H. H. Pusey, 
of Iowa, and Dr. John H. Storer, of West Vir- 
ginia. After leaving college he was engaged in 
teaching school for a short time at home. Having 
read a course of medicine with Dr. Samuel M. 
King, he attended a full course of lectures for two 
years at Jefferson College, Philadelphia, and re- 
ceived his degree of "Doctor of Medicine " in the 
spring of 1851. He subsequently attended special 
courses of lectures, and hospital practice, in Phil 
adelphia and Boston. In May, 1851, he opened 
an office for the practice of his profession at the 
"Old Home'' in Monongahela. Not long after- 
ward he became associated in practice, as a part- 
ner, with Dr. R. F. Biddle. When the war of the 
Rebellion broke out, Dr. Morrison joined the Union 
army in the field, August 6, 1861, as assistant sur- 
geon of the One Hundred and Second Regiment. 
Pennsylvania Volunteers, Col. Rowley's "Old 
Thirteenth.'' He was promoted to surgeon with 
the rank of major September 12, 1862, and at the 
close of the war was mustered out June 28. I865j 
being at the time surgeon of the Second Division 
of the Sixth Corps. His professional life covers 
a period of nearly thirty five years of active and 
arduous practice — all, save the four years in the 
army, among his friends and neighbors in the vi- 
cinity of the " Old Home." Col. Hazzard. in The 

i Republican, gave expression to the feelings of 
many hearts when he penned this tribute to his 
memory: "Of his worth as a friend; his judgment 
and sagacity as a physician; his learning as a 
scholar; his integrity and nobility of character in 
the walks of civil life; and of his devotion to his 
country as a soldier; his warm-hearted friendship; 
his stern adherence to right living and thinking; 
of the warm place he held in the hearts of the fam- 
ilies he visited, both as physician and friend — of 



these things, we need not speak — they are the 
choicest memories of this sad hour in a thousand 
hearts. Dr. M. P. Morrison brought to his pro- 
fession a mind thoroughly familiar with the prin- 
ci [ill's and practice of medicine. He honored the 
profession in which he was eminently successful. 
His death brings a genuine sorrow, brightened only 
by the words which his lips framed almost with his 
last breath, 'Not my will, but Thine.'' Extract 
from a letter of Hon. J. Gr. Blaine: "It was a 
great surprise and personal sorrow to me. Though 
we have seen each other but twice since our grad- 
uation (more than thirty eight years ago), I have a 
strong impression of his qualities of mind and 
heart, and a vivid recollection of his person. He 
was a gentle spirit — kind, considerate and gener- 
ous -tenderly regarded by his class-mates. I al- 
ways felt he had chosen wisely in his profession. 
I can well imagine that his ministrations in the 
sick ro mi were a great solace to patients. To lose 
such a brother must be a lasting grief, and I ten 
der you my sincere condolence." 

JONES FAMILY. William Jones sailed from 
the port of Baltimore in 1709 (his son Will 
j iam being then six years old), and the vessel 
was never afterward heard from. The son, 
William Jones, was born May 3, 1703, at Ellicott's 
Mills, Md., and died March 14, 1803. He was 
married April 23, 1789, to Elizabeth McClung, 
who was born November 24, 1709, and died Jan- 
uary 27, 1829. About 1791 they emigrated from 
Maryland to Washington county, l'enn., near Gin- 
ger Hill, six miles from Monongahela, where they 
settled on a farm on which they passed the remain- 
der of their days, and which farm is still owned by 
a son, William McKendree Jones. They had 
twelve children, viz.: (1) John Jones, born in Ma- 
ryland, May 23, 1790, died July 16, 1875; was 
twice married, first time to Rachel Frew; second 
time to Margaret Blaine, who was born October 12, 
1805, and died October 29, 1890; by his first mar- 
riage he had six children: William (married to Miss 
West), James (married to a Miss Cleaver), Eliza- 
beth (married to David Ritchie), Joseph (married 
to a Miss Watkins), David (married to Miss Phil- 
lips), Samuel V. Cook (deceased, married to Miss 
Gregg), Polly (married to Manuel Stoody). By 
his second marriage Mr. Jones had two children — 
Rachel and Jennie. (2) Elijah Jones, born in 
Maryland November 20, 1791, died June 15, 1855; 
was married to Mary Warren, and their children 
were William (married to a Miss Frye), Eliza Jane 
(married to John M. Bedall), Margaret (married to 
John S. Carson), James (married to a Miss Van 
Voorhis), Wesley (married in the West), Isaac 
(married to a Miss Mcllvaine), Noah (married to a 
Miss Frye). (3) Mary Jones, born November 1, 

1793, died August 15, 1850; married March 8, 
1819, to Joseph Alexander, who was born April 1, 
1795. (4) Ruth Jones,, born September 4, 1795, 
died January 22, 1892. (5) Delilah Jones, born 
February 1 1", I 797, died July 22, 1882; married to 
James Mills, who was born in 1801, died May 23, 
1878, and their children were William (deceased), 
Andrew Bascom (died May 14, 1888, married to 
— Deering), Mary (married to a Mr. Dalby), 
Rebecca (married to Rev. Dr. Watkins), James 
(married), Charles S., Wilbur Fisk (married). 
(6) Jesse Jones, born December 24, 1798, died 
February 11, 1888; married Eleanor Frew, and 
their children were Alexander (deceased), Jackson 
(married to Miss Black), Elizabeth (married to 
Rev. Mr. Snyder), Charles (married), Carrie B. 
(married), Nancy (married to a Mr. Rankins, now 
deceased), Jesse (died June 21, 1888), Ellen (mar- 
ried to Mr. McDonald, and now deceased); others 
have been lost sight of in the West. (7) Samuel 
Jones, born August 25, 1SO0, accidentally killed 
June It, 1867; was twice married, first time to 
Jane Fell, and for his second wife to Mary Thomas; 
the children by his first wife were William (mar- 
ried to a Miss Sheplar), S. Fell (married to a Miss 
Thomas), Mary (married to a Dr. Watkins, both 
deceased), and James (married to a Miss Finley). 
By the second marriage Mr. Jones had children as 
follows: Elizabeth, Melissa, Retta, Amanda, Homer, 
Luther, John and Celia. (8) Rebecca Jones, born 
March 8, 1802, died July 3, 1838; married Andrew 
Mills, and had one child, James Mills, editor of 
the Pittsburgh Post, who married Elvira Alexan- 
der. (9) Rose Ann Jones, born May 4, 1804, died 
September, 1870; married Francis Hull Williams, 
and their children were Elizabeth (married to 
Greer Mcllvaine), Elmira, John W., William, David, 
James and Harvey. (10) Elizabeth Jones, born 
January 15, 1800; died in September, 1830; mar 
ried James McCauley, and their children were Ann 
Eliza anil Mary. (11) Ann Jones, born April 22, 
1808, died June 30, 1889; married John Hess, born 
1818, died 1883, and their children were John, 
Elizabeth, Westley, Alcinous, Amanda and Maggie. 
(12) William McKendree Jones, born October 29, 
1809, married Sarah Fulmer, who died in 1880; their 
children were Leonidas, Mary, Edward, James 
Mills, Margaret, Kate, Snyder, Albert, Florence 
and Rose. 

The children born to (2) Elijah and Mary (War- 
ren) Jones were as follows: (1) William, born in 
Fallowfield township, married Miss Eliza Jane 
Fry, and afterward moved to Brighton, Washing- 
ton Co., Iowa, and still resides there; their children 
are as follows: Samuel W., married to Rachel, 
daughter of Manuel Stoody, of this county; Mary, 
married to Mr. William Hide, of Washington 
county, Iowa; Henry, married to Miss McCain; 
Irilla Jane, married; Amy, married to Mr. John- 



son; Josephine, married; Delia (now deceased), 
married to Mr. Hedge. (2) Eliza Jane, married 
to John McCutchen Bedall, as already mentioned. 
(3) Margaret, married to Jobn S. Carson, both de- 
ceased (their children were eleven in number, as 
follows: Isaac, married to Miss Fry; Cornelius, 
married to Miss Beazell; John C. (now deceased), 
married to Miss Raymond; Henry, married to Miss 
Furnier; Robert F., married to Miss Odvert; Mary 
Elizabeth, deceased; Van Curtis, deceased; Mar- 
garet M., married to I. N. Carson; Caroline Jane 
(now deceased), married to J. W. Carson; Noah T., 
married to Miss Sprowls; and -Joseph, married to 
Miss Greenlee), (1) John West ley, married to Jane 
Davison, in Logan county, Ohio, and now living 
near Liuneus, Linn Co., Mo. (they have nine chil- 
dren, viz.: Margaret J., married to George Hide, 
of Brighton, Iowa; Arabelle, married to a Mr. Wat 
terhouse, in Iowa; Ella, married to a Mr. Hossick; 
James, married and living in Iowa; John C, living 
near Linneus, Mo. ; Annie Neal.also living near Lin- 
ueus,Mo. ; Helen, Hester and Isaac Willfred, unmar- 
ried and living at home). (5) James Jones (now de- 
ceased), married to Miss Van Voorhis, and had chil- 
dren. (O)Noah. married to Mary Fry, and their chil- 
dren are nine in number, as follows: John T. K., 
married to Miss Gamble; Florence C, married to Miss 
Bradley, in Missouri; Annie M., married to Mr. 
Huffman; Mortimore, married to Miss Huffman 
(now deceased); Eunice, married to Warren Gib- 
son; and Frank, Bert, Noah King, Lilley, all four 
unmarried. (7) Isaac Warren, married to Mary 
Agnes Mcllvaine; their childreu are as follows: 
DoraB., married to William Morrow; William, 
unmarried; Isaac L., married to Miss Itettig; Me 
Ilvaiue, Harry and Mary A., all three unmarried. 

J. 11., Washington. These gentlemen are de- 
scended from stalwart Scotch and English 
ancestors who came to America at an early 
date. The great-grandfather, Johnson, was a 
Doctor of Divinity in the classic city of Edinburgh, 
Scotland, and some of his books are still in the 
possession of his great-grandson Robert, It. Forrest. 
John Forrest, grandfather of the gentlemen 
whose names open this sketch, was born in Scot- 
laud, and was married in Edinburgh, the capital 
of that country, to Jean Johnson, who after his 
death came to America in 1839, and now lies in 
Allegheny cemetery ; her husband died in London, 
England. The two brothers of this John Forrest 
emigrated, in the early part of this century, to 
America, the one coming to Philadelphia, Penn., 
the other proceeding to a southern port. 

George Forrest, father of Robert R., Richard 
U and J. R. Forrest, was born November 21, 1803, 
in Penrith, County of Cumberland, England, 

which county, being on the border, was for a long 
time claimed by Scotland. He was married June 
12, 1826, in New Marylebone Church, Parish of 
Marylebone, London, England, to Alice Rhodes, 
who was born in the Parish of St. George, Lon- 
don, England, Jauuary 6, 1808, a daughter of 
Joshua Rhodes, a native of London, where he 
lived and died. In 1837 George Forrest and his 
brother Richard set out together with their fam 
ilies for America, and were six weeks crossing the 
Atlantic in a sailing vessel, which was reported 
lust. Landing at New York, and their destination 
being Richmond, Ind., they traveled by rail, canal 
and other modes to Allegheny City, where Rich 
aid's wife and two children died. The brothers 
then concluded to here remain. Richard, who was 
a marble cutter and sculptor, became foreman of 
the Wallace Marble Works, Pittsburgh, Penn. 
His last employer in the mother country had been 
Sir Francis Chantry, the eminent English sculptor, 
and he was in his employ at the time Allan Cunning 
ham, the author and sculptor, was foreman of the 
establishment, and Forrest's duties consisted in 
the placing of statuary for Chantry. About the 
year 1747 George Forrest and his family moved to 
Canonsburg, Washington county, and two years 
later came to Washington borough, where he 
worked at his trade, tailoring, until about the time 
of his death, which occurred March 28, 180fj, when 
he was aged sixty-three years. He was liberal of 
his means and charitably disposed; in politics he 
was a Democrat, in religion a Presbyterian; his 
widow was summoned from earth January 28, 
1885, in her seventy-eighth year; she was a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. They were 
the parents of eight children — four born in Lon- 
don, England, and four in Allegheny, Penn. — 
Robert It. being the first of the family born this 
side of the Atlantic. They are as follows: Alice 
(Mrs. Boyle); Emma (wife of John B. Hallam); 
George; Jane (widow of Matthew Taylor), in South 
Strabane township; Robert It. , of whom a sketch 
follows; Mary (wife of John Munce), residing in 
Washington, Penn.; Richard It. and J. It. (sketches 
of whom follow). George Forrest bought 300 acres 
of land, on part of which the city of Kittanning, 
Penn., now stands, intending to settle there, but 
the country proved to be so wild he sold it before 
going to Canonsburg. 

Robert R. Forrest was born in Allegheny, Alle- 
gheny Co., Penn., October 12, 1S40. He came to 
Washington, Penn., with his parents, and attended 
the common schools of the place until he arrived 
at the age of sixteen years, when he entered Hayes' 
Carriage Factory as an apprentice, remaining until 
the breaking out of the Civil war. He then pro 
ceeded to Wheeling, W. Va. , where he was em- 
ployed on Government work, chiefly in the con- 
structing of ambulances, and he ironed the last 



twenty-five of that class of vehicle sent to the seat 
of war from Wheeling. In 1807 Mr. Forrest en- 
tered into partnership with James House, in the 
carriage-making business, in Washington, this 
county, putting up for the purpose the building 
qow occupied by R. B. McClure & Son on East 
Wheeling street. The style of the firm was House 
& Forrest, but about a year after commencing 
operations, Mr. Forrest sold out his interest to Mr. 
House and embarked in the brickmaking business 
in South Strabane township, which he still carries 
on, it having now been in existence some twenty 
years. The first brick made on his place were 
used in the construction of the jail, and it lias since 
supplied the brick for many prominent buildings, 
such as banks, seminaries, churches and private 
residences. He was also for a time engaged in 
conl ratting and building, in company with his 
brother, Richard R. In 1889 he commenced the 
erection of his own commodious house on the 
corner of Sumner avenue and Pitt street, one of 
the finest residences in the northern part of the 
city, and in November, 1890, moved into it. 

On April 15, 1869, Mr. Forrest was married in 
Washington to Miss Sarah M. Hayes, daughter of 
Charles Hayes, and granddaughter of George 
Kuntz, both of Washington. Six children were 
the result of this union, only two of whom survive: 
Sophia and Alice, both living at home Mr. For- 
rest and his family are members of the Second 
Presbyterian Church: politically lie votes the Dem 
ocratic ticket, and has frequently been solicited to 
accept office, but has invariably declined the honor. 
Well-known and popular in the community, Mr. 
Forrest stands high in the esteem and respect of 
his fellow-citizens. 

Richard Rhodes Forrest, contractor and builder, 
also florist and proprietor of greenhouses, in Wash 
iugton, was born April 14, 1841, in Allegheny, 
Allegheny Co., Penn. As will be seen, he was but a 
child when the family came to Washington. Here 
he received his education, being among the first pu- 
pils to attend the new Union schools. In 1859 he 
commenced to learn the trade of carriage body build- 
ing with S. B. & C. Hayes, serving an apprentice 
ship of nearly four years; then worked for John 
Hallam in building spring wagons. In September, 
L862, he enlisted in Company F, Sixth Regiment 
Pennsylvania Militia, and they were encamped at 
a point near Chambersburg, Perm., at the time the 
Confederate army learned the name of Antietam. 
Afterward, August 31, 1864, he enlisted in the 
army, in the Fifth Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, 
Company F, was in at the death of the Confeder- 
acy, and was mustered out June 30, 1865. He 
became of age while in the army. 

Returning to this county, he immediately re- 
sumed his trade, his first work being the building 
of a coach for James House, called the "Queen of 

the Road,' - which was run between Washington 
(Penn.) and Pittsburgh. Afterward he removed to 
the site where now stands the carriage factory of 
R. B. McClure & Son. Later he sold out to James 
House, who became a partner with his brother, 
Robert R., in the same line of business, and for 
them he worked a considerable length of time, 
constructing windmills, some sixty or seventy hav- 
ing been built. He then engaged with Hayes & 
Wilson, working on bodies for sewing machines, 
after which he became a partner for a time with 
E. J. Dye in contracting and building. He had 
previously put up many of the brick buildings in 
the borough, and on \\ est Beau street he erected 
a house which in itself is a curiosity. He made 
the molds and the brick himself for this house, 
each brick having a panel on it. In 187S he 
bought the property where he now resides, the 
grounds covering about twelve acres on the out- 
skirts of the borough. Some eight years ago he 
commenced gardening, building greenhouses for 
the cultivation of both vegetables and flowers, and 
to day he owns the largest conservatory in Wash 
ington. On March 13, 1S73. Mr. Forrest was 
united in marriage with Miss Theresa Mills, a 
native of Monongahela City, daughter of Andrew 
and Alice Mills, who both died in the borough of 
Washington. She had one sis^>r, who married, 
and two brothers, Harvey and .lames, the latter of 
whom is now editor of the Pittsburgh Post. 
I'o Mr. and Mrs. Forrest were born three sons, all 
of whom died in early childhood. They are bofh 
members of the First M. E. Church of Washing 
ton, and in politics he is in sentiment a Prohibi 
lionist, but votes independently and according to 
his own judgment. 

•I. H. Forrest, one of the prominent members 
of the bar of Washington county, was born in 
Allegheny, Allegheny Co., Penn., February 21, 
IS 17. He began life a poor boy, having to earn 
by the sweat of his brow the means to secure 
even a limited education, at first, in the common 
schools of his district. Still, applying himself as- 
siduously to work, he was enabled to take himself 
to the high school, from which he graduated, and 
he then attended Washington College three years. 
Our subject, having now completed his literary 
studies, commenced reading law in the office of 
Ruth & Hamilton, Washington, Penn., in which he 
remained three years, and in 1868 he was admitted 
to the bar. Mr. Forrest at once commenced the 
practice of his profession in the borough, and has 
since continued with eminent success. In Febru- 
ary, 1865, tired with the spirit of patriotism, he 
enlisted at New Brighton, Penn. , in Company H, 
Eighty- seventh P. V. I., which regiment was at- 
tached to the Sixth Army Corps. After partici- 
pating in the fighting around Richmond and 
Petersburg, which ended with the capture of Lee, 



be was ordered with the Sixth Corps on a forced 
march to Danville, N. O, to cut off the retreat of 
Gen. Joe Johnston, and was present at his capture 
also. After the war closed Mr. Forrest was mus- 
tered out of the service in July, 1865. On Feb- 
ruary 21, 1871, Mr. J. R. Forrest was united in 
marriage with Miss Belle, daughter of the late 
Daniel Boyle, in his day a prominent stock dealer 
in North Strabane township, this county, and to 
this union have been born two children: Daniel ]!., 
now attending the sophomore class at college, and 
Earle R. Politically Mr. Forrest is a Democrat, 
and for the past ten years he has served as a justice 
of the peace. He has a strong penchant for litera- 
ture, and is a writer in verse of recognized ability 
and versatility. The majority of his best efforts 
have not yet been published, but doubtless will 
some day be given to the world in book form. 
Two of his poems are here presented: 


Our Father who in heaven ait. 

Look kindly on Thy wayward child; 
Help me to chose the better part 

And save me from the fempter's wiles. 

All hallowed he Thy sacred name, 
Thy kingdom here on earth he made; 

Fill all the earth with holy flame, 
Till sin's corrupting hand be stayed. 

In love and peace Thy will be done, 
In every land Thy praise be heard; 

Till all on earth, aye, every one. 

Doth read and ponder o'er Thy word. 

Give me each day my daily bread, 
Thy tender hand relieve my care; 

It Thou, who hath the ravens fed, 
Will help me, I shall have no fear. 

Forgive my debts as I forgive 
The ones who do me grievous wrong; 

AS 1 let others, so let llle live. 

And always in Thy faith be strong. 

Let no temptation lead astray 
The wayward passions of the soul; 

Hut guide me in the better way, 
Aud save me from my own control. 

Deliver me from evil tide, 

Save me from its dire distress; 
i (pen the gates of mercy w ide, 

Where all is love and peacefulness. 

And when the light ot earthly Idiss, 
Fades from my weary closing eyes, 

May all tin- love thai here I miss, 
lie mine renewed beyond the skies. 

Thine be the glory evermore; 

Thj holy faith my best endeavor; 
And when forme this life is o'er, 

Take me to Thee and Thine forever. 

I. H. P. 

Washington, Penn., September 8, 1884. 


In this neglected, quiet spot, 

Mid shadows soft ami drear; 
With tangled grass and creeping vines 

Aud running waters near; 

The old home grim and silent Btands — 

The tires, warm and bright. 
That cracked and blazed upon each hearth, 

Are dark and cold to-night. 
The winter's blast amid the trees, 

With low and solemn moan, 
liepeats the nightbird's mournful chant. 

Where once we gathered home. 

I look upon the doleful scene, 
The time-worn ruined place. 
Aud fail to find amid the wreck 

< >ne taint, familiar trace. 

It makes my heart o'erflow with ^rief, 

My tears I can't restrain. 
And o'er my bosom rolls a tide 

< >f sorrow, grief and pain. 

The past doth Hit before in\ mind 

Here once again I roam; 
And once again 1 hear the shout 

Of children gathering home. 

Again I see my mother come 

To meet me at the door, 
And welcome home her romping ones 

When school and work was o'er. 
Again I feel the grateful warmth 

That beamed from every smile, 
When she would stoop to soothe our grief, 

Our little WOeS beguile. 

I hear again, with quickened pulse, 
Ke echo from each stone 
, The happy, merry, gleeful laugh 

Of children gathering home. 

Those children who have long ago 

Grown up to man's estate, 
And wandered out into the world, 

To strive with varying fate; 
That mother who, these many years, 

Mid shadows soft and still, 
Hath folded up her tiled hands 

And sleeps upon the hill; 
That happy home, this crumbling wreck, 

Deserted, sad and lone, 
Repeat the legend, here no more, 

'• Will we come gathering home." 

No more within these crumbling walls. 

Where build the noisy birds. 
Will I behold my mother's form, 

Or hear her loving words. 
No more beneath this falling roof. 

Each widening gap doth tell, 
Will come again, with laugh and song, 

Those happy ones to dwell. 
No more, along these silent paths. 

Their merry feet will roam; 
Hut one by one — just over there 

They all will gather home. 

Washington, Penn., May 28, 1885. 

ILJ in Franklin township, Washington Co., 
Penn., April 11, 1819, and died in Canton 
II ^ township, April 28, 1870. 
v His father was William Montgomery, a 

native of Scotland, born in Ayrshire in 1792, aud 
was a relative of Sir James Montgomery. He re- 
moved from Virginia to Washington county, Penn., 
in 1817, and the same year married Elizabeth 

^yu2/ £"-^ 



Washington coUNfY. 


Kelly. He .lied in 1858 leaving two children: 
William and Martha Jane. Martha married J. F. 
Linville, and now resides in New Oastle, Lawrence 
Co., Fenn. They have one sou, Montgomery 
Linville, M. D. 

Hon. William Montgomery entered Washington 
College at an early age, and was graduated in 
September, 1839, under the presidency of Dr. Mc- 
Conaughy. He at once commenced the study of 
law under the late John L. Gow, as preceptor, and 
was admitted to practice at November term, 1841, 
his examiners and certifiers being the Hon. T. M. 
T. McKennan, Hon. Isaac Leet and James Wat 
sou, Esq. His rise at the bar was rapid and brill- 
iant, and in a few years he took a high position 
among its leading members, enjoying to the last 
an enviable reputation, as well as an extensive and 
lucrative practice. In 1845 he was appointed dis- 
trict attorney by Gov. Shunk. In 1S48 he re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination for State sena 
lor. but was defeated by a small majority. In 
1854 he received the nomination of the same party 
for Congress, and during that year made some of 
the most powerful speeches of his life. In 1851} 
lie was elected to Congress, and in 1858 was re 
elected by a very large majority. His career in 
Congress was marked by several speeohes of great 
ability, which placed him at once among the rec- 
ognized leaders of the then dominant party. 

Mr. Montgomery was known as the author of 
the "Crittenden-Montgomery Resolution" on the 
admission of Kansas to the Union. As a public 
speaker he possessed a power that would attract 
and hold the attention and raise the highest en- 
thusiasm among his listeners. As a lawyer he 
had few peers, and his name is handed down to 
history as one of the most talented of the day. 

In 1845 Mr. Montgomery married Matilda 
Duvall, of Washington county, Penu., and they 
had three children: Andrew Jackson, James and 
William. Of these Andrew Jackson married 
Martha G. Black, of Washington, Fenn., and they 
now reside in Canton township, same county; they 
have two children, Elizabeth and George. James 
married Lillias Ritner, of Washington, Penn., and 
they now reside in Salem, Roanoke Co., Va. ; they 
have one son, William Morgan. William, the 
youngest son of our subject, died in 1880. 

inent and well-to-do lifelong farmer and 
stock raiser, of Morris township, is a native 
of the same, having been born January 4, 
-• 1817. 
His father. Fhilip Mintou, who was a native of 
New Jersey, born October (5, 1782, came about 
the commencement of this century to Washington 
county, settling in Morris township, where he 

passed the remainder of his life, Indians and wild 
animals being at that time still numerous and 
troublesome. On January 21, 1803, he was mar- 
ried to Eunice Clutter, of Morrison township, by 
which union there were nine children, viz. : Rachel, 
Thaddeus, John, Sarah, Sophronia, Ruth, George 
Washington, Sarah Ann and Harriet, all of whom 
are now deceased except Sophronia and George 

The subject of this memoir was married Decem- 
ber 20, IS;jN, to Jane, daughter of Stephen Day, 
of Morris township, Greene Co. , Fenn., and the 
names and dates of birth of the children born 
to them areas follows: Sarah Fhilena, September 
22, 1839; Bradley, July 'J."., 1842; t 'oil, us, October 
3(1, 1845; Man Edith, April 25, 1848; John, No 
vember 13, 1850; Stephen Mintou, June 9, 1853; 
George Lowrie, May 22, 1856; Fhilip Leondiis, 
May 29, 1858; Oliver Homer, April 29, 1859. Of 
these, Sarah I'hilona lives at home, unmarried; 
Bradley married Mattie Gere, of Lawrence county, 
Penn., who died April 25, L889, and he then 
wedded Mary Anderson, of West Alexander (he is a 
druggist at Olaysville) ; Collins married Miss Min- 
erva Patterson, of Franklin township, this county, 
and after her death was united in marriage with 
Miss Mattie Grayble, of Akron, Ohio (he is a 
painter by trade); Mary Edith makes her home 
with her father, and is unmarried; John is a 
farmer in East Fiuley township, and is married to 
Sarah Rickey, of Riehhill township, Greene Co , 
Fenn. ; Stephen is a farmer, and is married to Cora, 
daughter of Artemas Day, of Morris township; 
George Lowrie married Callie V. Webb, and after 
her death wedded Luella Doty (he lives in Nine- 
veh, Greene Co., Fenn., where he carries on a dry- 
goods store); Fhilip L. is married to Emma San- 
ders, and lives in Washington, this county; Oliver 
Homer lived only one year, dying April 29, 1860. 
The mother of this family departed this life De 
cernber 20, 1888. Mr. Mintou, in addition to car- 
rying on general agriculture, has been consider- 
ably interested in stock raising, and at the present 
time has some ten horses on his place. He has 
been eminently successful, and is recognized as one 
of the best authorities on matters pertaining to 
agricultural pursuits. Politically he is a pro- 
nounced Democrat, one "dyed in the wool," and 
has served three years as school director. 

ALTER L WHITING. Among the well- 
f) known, progressive young business men 
of Washington, the subject of this sketch 
— ' occupies a leading position. John Whit- 
ing, his father, was born in 1820, at Ports 
mouth, England, where he was educated and 
reared to mercantile business. 

John, while yet a young man, came to America, 



and made a settlement in Washington county, at 
Washington, in 1842. In 1844 he married Marga- 
ret, daughter of Reuben and Elizabeth Turner, 
and the children born to this union were: Edwin 
(deceased), Sarah M.. Mary E., William B., 
George E., John, Carroll C, Harry D. , and 
Walter L. The family are members of the Prot- 
estant Episcopal Church. In politics Mr. Whit- 
ing is a Republican. For several years he has 
been engaged in mercantile business in Washing 

Walter L. Whiting, the subject proper of this 
sketch, was born at Washington, this county, Jan- 
uary 13, 1862, and received a liberal education at 
the public schools. When a youth he entered the 
employ of William Smith & Son, the well-known 
merchants of Washington, remaining with them 
eleven years, during which time he acquired a 
thorough business training. In August, 188"), he 
received the appointment of assistant bookkeeper 
for the Citizens National Bank of Washington, and 
in I SOU was cho-ien cashier of the Farmers & 
Mechanics' National Bank, of the same place, 
which position he tills with eminent ability and 
complete satisfaction. On May 17, 1888, Mr. 
Whiting was married to Frances, eldest daughter 
of the late Edward Little, of Washington. Two 
children, Haven L. and Helen L., have come to 
bless their home. Our subject and wife are mem 
bers of the Protestant Episcopal Church. In 
politics Mr. Whiting is a Republican. 

Edward Little, born in 1837, at Silloth, Eng- 
land, married Eleanor, daughter of John and 
Mary Wales, of Carlisle, England, in 1801. The 
children born to them are Frances, Grace, Eleanor, 
Jane, Mary, Edward and Bessie. Mr. Little, wife 
and two children came to America and settled at 
Washington, Penn., in 1869. He was a contractor 
and builder of prominence here. Frances (Little) 
Whiting was born at Workington, England, 
August 30, 1864. Edward Little, her father, died 
July 27, 1885, and Eleanor Little, her mother. 
died March 7, 181)1. 

AMUEL MAXWELL was born near Car- 
lisle, Penn., October 23, 1776, and died Oc- 
tober '.I, 1865. About the year 1800 he pur 
chased a farm in the vicinity of New Cum- 
berland, W. Va. (then Brooke county, Va., now 
Hancock county, W. Va.), which was his home un- 
til his death. 

Mr. Maxwell was very highly esteemed as a 
neighbor ami a citizen. He was for over fifty 
years a ruliug elder in the Presbyterian Church, 
having been ordained to that office by Rev. Elisha 
McCurdy, in the church known as the "Three 
Springs," in the burial ground of which his body 
awaits the resurrection of the just. He was twice 

married: first to Miss Sarah Scott, by whom he 
had five sons — Scott, Smiley, John, Robert, Will 
iam (who died in infancy) — and one daughter 
— Elizabeth, who became the wife of a Mr. Welsh, 
whose son, Rev. Josiah Welsh, was the founder 
and, until his death in 1877, the pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Mrs. Jane Fulton, a sister of the Rev. John Me 
Cluskoy, D. D., and widow of John Fulton, of 
Florence, Penn., was Mr. Maxwell's second wife. 
They were married August 18, 1831. Mrs. Max 
well, by her first husband, was the mother of Rev. 
Robert John Fulton (a sketch of whom follows), a 
brilliant young clergyman, who died at Cumber 
land, Guernsey Co., Ohio, in 1855. The children 
of Samuel and Jane (McCluskey) Maxwell were 
William (born August 9, 1832, and died at Will 
iamsburgh, Va. , May 13, 1863), James McCluskey 
(a sketch of whom follows), and Joseph Henry, 
who is an extensive wheat grower near Dawson, 

Joseph Henry Maxwell was born March 10, 
1840. In the early history of the war of the Re- 
bellion he enlisted in the First West Virginia Reg- 
iment (loyal), Col. Thoburn, commander, and con- 
tinued in the ranks until the close of the war, re- 
fusing promotion and passing courageously through 
more than thirty pitched battles, fortunately re- 
ceiving no serious personal injury, and only on one 
occasion a slight wound. 

Robert J. Fulton was born in the northern part 
of Washington county, Penn., a son of John Fulton, 
adescendantof Robert Fulton, of steamboat renown. 
His mother was Jane McCluskey, a sister of the late 
Catherine (McCluskey) Herriott, who was the 
mother of William and John Herriott, well-known 
farmers of Mt. Pleasant township, of Miss Nancy 
Jane Herriott, of Canonsburg, and Mrs. Kate (Her 
riott) Ewing, wife of Rev. William Ewing, of the 
same place. Her son, James H. , died some years 
ago at Lawrence, Kans. Mr. Fulton was one of 
the brightest men that ever enlivened a dinner 
party or social. He was considerably over six 
feet tall, of very slender but compact build. His 
manner was keen and surprisingly alert. Had he 
been a heavier boned man he might easily have 
been mistaken for a twin brother of Abraham Lin 
coin. He had dark complexion, small, black, 
sparkling eyes and a dense shock of very black hair. 
He was a man of exceedingly fine taste, and very 
few in the Presbyterian Church to day equal his 
scholastic attainments and oratorical powers. 
After teaching school in country districts for some 
years while a boy, he attended the celebrated acad- 
emy at West Alexander, presided over for many 
yenrs by his mother's brother, the far-famed Dr. 
John McCluskey, Then after teaching in this 
school and reading a complete course in the classics, 
mathematics and theology under the tuition of 


ir, i 

Dr. McCluskey, he was, after a most rigid exami- 
nation, licensed to preach by the Presbytery of 
Ohio, whose members declared that he had stood 
a better examination than any candidate that had 
ever come before them. Mr. Fulton had no brother, 
but two sisters, one of whom, long since dead, was 
tliewifeof Samuel Phillips, of Chartiers township. 
She had three children: Fulton, Hibbert and 
Sophie C. J., the first being the editor and pro- 
prietor of the McDonald Outlook, the second a 
\^ry popular and successful physician at Pitta 
burgh, and the third a well-known resident of 
Canonslnirg. The second sister of Robert Fulton 
was Mary, wife of Rev. T. B. Van Eman, of Can 
onsburg, who died many years ago, leaving one 
son, John William, who is a Presbyterian minister 
and missionary at Geneseo, Kan's. After having 
been licensed, Mr. Fulton was called to the Pres 
byterian Church at Cumberland, Ohio. A few 
years after he went to assist at a wonderful re- 
vival of religion in a neighboring church where he 
preached each day and each night for two weeks; 
then coming home preached on Sabbath to his own 
people an exceedingly impressive sermon from 
Micah vi: 9, and took pneumonia and lever that 
carried him off in a few days. Thus passed away 
one of the brightest spirits this county ever pro- 
duced. Robert Fulton married Ruth Anna Lucas, 
who resides in West Alexander, Penn. They had 
one daughter, Kate, who married a Mr. Sprnul, an 
attorney, who has for some years been engaged in 
one of the departments at Washington, D. C. 

Rev. John McCluskey, D. D. , was for over a 
quarter of a century the active and successful 
pastor of the church of West Alexander, Penn. 
At the age of thirty-three years he came to it, a 
licentiate from the Presbytery of Philadelphia, 
and was ordained by Washington Presbytery as 
pastor, October 8, 1828. Chester county, Penn., 
claims the honor of his birth, which occurred June 
17, 1795, though the discipline of his youth came 
from Washington county, the future sphere of his 
labors. Jefferson College sent him forth in the 
class of 1822, adorned with her culture, and better 
still as a new man in the purpose of his life; for 
while an under graduate he made his confossion 
of Christ in the Chartiers Church, then under the 
pastoral care of Dr. John McMillan. Not a little 
of his mental development, before and after his 
collegiate training, came through his own efforts 
as a teacher, and the habit thus acquired increased 
and widened his influence throughout his pastoral 
work. He received his theological training partly 
under the instruction of Dr. Ezra Stiles Ely, of 
Philadelphia, and, for one year, in the Princeton 
Seminary. Dr. McCluskey was more a man of 
action than of severe study. His preaching was 
plain, Scriptural, sound and spiritual, abounding in 
illustrations from daily life. It was attended with 

steady ingathering to the communion of the church, 
and often with special revivals. He was pre emi 
nently a man of affairs, even at times taking the 
temporal as well as spiritual interests of his people 
into his care. Thus, under his influence, the gen- 
eral advancement of society kept pace with the 
progress of his church He was a special friend 
of liberal education. He established the West- 
Alexander Academy, and conducted it with much 
success and reputation during the pastorate, send 
ing forth from its walls about fifty students who 
became ministers, besides many candidates for the 
other professions. He was also an active trustee 
of Washington College. Dr. McCluskey 's resigna 
t ion, April 15, 1854, in the fifty-ninth year of his 
age, was not for the purpose of inglorious ease, 
but rather for a change of work. After a year 
spent in the service of the board of education, he 
supplied the pulpit of the church of Neshaminy, 
Penn., and afterward that of Smyrna, Delaware, 
through a period of five years. In 1859 he found 
ed a church school in West Philadelphia. In 1804 
he established an institution at Highlstown, N. J., 
lor the free tuition of the children of ministers, 
and especially of missionaries. Returning to Phil- 
adelphia in INTO, he acted for a time as associate 
principal of the Mantua Academy. The evening 
of his declining life was spent among friends at 
Wooster, Ohio. On March 31, 1880, in the eighty - 
fifth year of his age, his life work came to its end 
in Philadelphia, and lie ascended to the upper 
skies. [From the "History of the Presbytery of 
Washington." | 

His body was laid to rest in the old Neshaminy 
Cemetery at Hartsville, Penn., where, since, at his 
side was placed the body of his most estimable 
and greatly beloved wife. 

Rev. James McCluskey Maxwell, D. D.,was born 
in the vicinity of New Cumberland, Brooke Co., 
Va. (now Hancock county, W. Va.), August 1, 
1837. He was baptized in infancy by Rev. John 
W. Scott, president of Washington College, at the 
old Three Springs church, where his father, Sam- 
uel Maxwell, had been many years before ordained 
a ruling elder by Rev. Elisha McCurdy. His 
mother was Jane McCluskey Maxwell, a native of 
Robinson township, Washington Co., Penn., and a 
sister of Rev. John McCluskey, D. D., well known 
in western Pennsylvania as a leading preacher and 
educator in his day. At Cumberland, Ohio, and 
at Miller Academy, Washington, Ohio, Mr. Max 
well was prepared for Washington College, where 
he graduated in 1800. The two years following 
lie spent in the Western Theological Seminary, at 
Allegheny, Penn., going in the autumn of 1SC>'2 to 
Chicago, where, in the spring of 1803, he graduated 
from the McCormick Theological Seminary. Mr. 
Maxwell's student life was marked by faithfulness 
as well as brilliancy, and gave full promise of his 



subsequent successful anil eminently useful career. 
He was licensed to preach the Gospel by the Pres- 
bytery of Zauesville at its session hold at McCon- 
nellsville, Ohio, in April, 1862, and was invited, 
immediately after completing his theological course, 
tn take charge of the Presbyterian Church at Fort 
Madison, Iowa, also to the pastorate of the Presby- 
terian Church at Kirkwood, in the vicinty of St. 
Louis, Mo. The latter he accepted, and was in 
September, 1863, ordained a Gospel minister by 
the Presbytery of St. Louis, and installed pastor 
of the Kirkwood Church, which position he held 
until June, 1805, when he accepted a call to the 
pastorate of the Twelfth Presbyterian Church of 
Baltimore, Md. The two years which Mr. Max- 
well passed at Kirkwood were the closiug years of 
the war of the Rebellion, and in addition to his 
pastoral duties he gave attention to the physical 
and spiritual wants of the soldiers in the barracks, 
hospitals and prisons of St. Louis. He entered 
upon his labors as pastor of the Baltimore Church 
in August, 1865, and continued in that pastorate 
for nine years, when, on account of impaired 
health, he was advised by his physician to give up 
Ins work entirely for a year .or two, or seek a field 
in which his duties would lie much lighter; and in 
accordance with his advice he removed, in the fall 
of 1874, to the beautiful town of Belvidere, N. J., 
where he accepted a call to the Second Presbvte 
rian Church, in the pastorate of which he contin- 
ued for six years. On October 26, 1865, Mr. Max- 
well was married in Hightstown, N. J., to Miss 
Gertrude A. Appleget, of that town, Rev. S. S. 
Shriver and Rev. .lohn McCluskey, U. D. , offici- 
ating. Mrs. Maxwell is a woman of rare natural 
endowments and broad culture, and she has ever, 
by her sweet, Christian spirit, and her efficiency 
and exceptional qualifications as a social leader 
and Christian worker, won a warm place in the 
esteem and atl'ection of all with whom her position 
has brought her into contact. The kindly, gener- 
ous and hospitable disposition of the husband has 
always met with the hearty sympathy and co-ope- 
ration of the wife, so that the parsonage has ever 
and everywhere been noted for its delightful hos- 
pitality. Mr. Maxwell and his wife have been 
twice abroad: first for four months in 1877, visit- 
ing Great Britain, Holland, Germany, Belgium, 
Switzerland and France. The second visit abroad 
was made in 1880 81, including almost a year, 
and embraced Algeria, Spain, Italy, and. on the 
put of Mr. Maxwell, Egypt, Palestine, Greece. 
Constantinople, and. westward by way of the Black 
Sea, the Danube, Hungary, Austria, Venice, and 
over the Simplon Pass. During this tour Mr. 
Maxwell was correspondent of such well-known 
newspapers as the New York Independent and 
Tribune, the Interior of Chicago, and has since 
been a valued contributor to the Christian at Work 

and the Christian Union. In 18S2 Mr. Maxwell 
became editor of the Presbyterian Observer at Bal- 
timore, which position he held until the winter of 
1885-86, much of the time supplying the Presby- 
terian Church of Harmony, Harford Co., Md., and 
was earnestly solicited to become pastor there, 
but, though the mutual attachment was very great 
between the people of that church and himself, he 
did not see his way clear to assume its pastorate. 
In the meantime he was called to the pastoral 
charge of the Presbyterian Church at Sweet Air, 
Baltimore Co., Md. , and to that of Beaver, Penu., 
and also to the church of Monongahela City, Penn. . 
which latter he accepted, and of which he is still 
the popular and beloved pastor. Dr. Maxwell is 
a preacher of rare power — fresh, vigorous and 
suggestive — a pastor of exceptional tenderness and 
devotion — an organizer of peculiar tact — a friend 
whom one values and a companion of whom one 
never tires. [By Rev. John R. Sutherland, D. D. , 
of Pittsburgh. 

HOMAS H. BAIRD. A conspicuous figure 
on the streets of Monongahela City, elastic 
in step, erect in carriage, of tine physical 
proportions, still in the prime of life, and, 
withal, remarkably well preserved, is the 
subject of this biographical notice. 

Thomas Harlan Baird, his father, was born No- 
vember 15, 1787, in Washington, Penn. He was 
the third son of Dr. Absalom and Susanna (Brown) 
Baird, the latter a daughter of John Brown, archi- 
tect. When quite young he was sent to a Latin 
school, taught by one of the pioneer classical 
teachers of that day in Brooke county, \V. Va. 
He was called home by the sudden death of his 
father, and his education from that time had to be 
completed by his own earnest efforts and scholarly 
tastes. He studied law with Joseph Pentecost, 
one of the most prominent lawyers of that period, 
and was admitted to the Washington county bar 
in July, 1808, before he had reached the age of 
twenty-one. In 1818 he was selected as president 
judge of Washington, Fayette, Greene and Somer 
set counties, and continued to hold the position 
until 1838. This commission bestowed upon so 
young a man, when the Washington county bar 
was quite noted for its able lawyers, was an ac- 
knowledgment of his legal ability. During the 
ten years in which he practiced law he was in- 
tensely occupied in promoting by every means in 
his power, the growth and progress of his native 
town. Like his father, Dr. A. Baird, he was al 
ways among the first to assist, by his hardly 
earned money and indomitable energy, any enter 
prise for that purpose. In very many cases the 
credit due his indefatigable labors was given to 
others, who did not hesitate to assume an honor 



they had not earned, and were rewarded by polit- 
ic;! I positions he could not contend for. He was, 
in 1814, one of the directors and stockholders in 
the Washington Steam mill & Manufacturing 
Company, in which he lost money and gained noth- 
ing. He was also one of the contractors on the 
National Road, with Parker Campbell and Thomas 
McGiflin; his energy was unbounded in this work 
as in everything he undertook. The first survey 
made for the Chartiers Valley Railroad, one of the 
first railroads prospected, was made wholly at his 
expense; which fact was not learned until after his 
death, the information being given by the engineer 
who surveyed it for him. He was one of the com- 
missioners appointed to raise stock for the Wash- 
ington & Williamsport Turnpike Road, and for 
the Washington & Pittsburgh Turnpike Road. 
In 1843 Judge Baird, and Judge William Wilkins, 
of Pittsburgh, purchased the stock raised by the 
State for the Washington & Pittsburgh Turn- 
pike. No dividends were ever paid the purchas 
ers on this stock though it was kept as a toll-road 
for many years. The Monongahela Navigation 
Company, having failed in its many attempts to 
improve the navigation of the Monongahela river, 
at last succeeded in forming a practical slack 
water navigation company, and among the many 
commissioners appointed to receive subscriptions 
to the stock, Judge Baird was numbered. Copies 
of speeches made by him all over the counties of 
Washington, Allegheny and Fayette, the numerous 
articles written for the newspapers, all show how 
much in earnest he was in his efforts to excite the 
interest of the people in this great work. He was 
also elected, in 1813, president of the board of di- 
rectors of the Bank of Washington, an " Original 
Bank," as it was called. In November, 1818, 
Judge Baird conveyed the property of the bank to 
David Acheson, Alexander Murdoch and John Mar- 
shall, trustees. His judicial career has been the 
subject of very severe criticism and comment 
by his political enemies, and he was accused 
by them of judicial tyranny while he was on the 
bench. His great fault was that he had a very 
high ideal of the dignity of his office, and he re- 
sented an insult offered to himself when on the 
bench, as contempt for the majesty of the law, of 
which he was the official representative. He was a 
man who could not be bribed by flattery, or political 
offices of preferment. While on the bench his life 
was several times put in jeopardy, by men who 
resented his legal decisions when not given in their 
favor. An attempt was made by his enemies to 
have him impeached before the Legislature of Penn- 
sylvania, for disbarring lawyers guilty of contempt 
of court, but they did not succeed, in spite of all 
their malignant and false accusations. Those who 
wish to ascertain the facts in regard to this case 
can consult the Legislative records of that day. In 

1854 an article appeared in a Philadelphia news 
paper, written in defeuse of Judge Baird at the 
time of his nomination as the American candidate 
for the supreme judgeship. It says, in regard to his 
impeachment: " It is well known there was nothing 
shown in the investigation that could affect the 
standing of Mr. Baird, either as a judge or a gen 
tleman." Among the many charges brought 
against him, by his political enemies, when his 
name was mentioned for United States senator was 
that lie was Pro-slavery. This falsehood is denied 
by the same writer, whom we again quote: " Judge 
Baird in all" the relations of life lias been a law 
abiding, consistent and benevolent friend of the 
colored race, not an Abolitiouist, or Pro-slavery, but 
an American. By one single decision of his, given 
when on the bench of Washington and Fayette, 
he discharged from slavery perhaps twenty thou- 
sand Blaves. | See the case of Miller vs. Dwelling, 
1 I s. & K p. 142. r 

Judge Baird was of scholarly taste, and not only 
well versed in all knowledge pertaining to his pro 
fession, but was also a fine classical scholar. His 
Greek Testament lay upon his study table, and not 
unopened or unread — busy though he might be — 
and his Horace, Cicero and Virgil were so familiar 
to him that in conversation he had always an apt 
quotation ready to suit the subject under discus 
sion. He had also studied Hebrew, and in the last 
few years of his life devoted much time in trans 
lating the Psalms of David, not for any purpose 
but his own pleasure. Judge Baird was not am- 
bitious to acquire wealth or political power. His 
home was to him the dearest place on earth, and 
nothing could induce him to seek for pleasure or 
enjoyment out of its sacred precincts. After his 
retirement from the bench, upon which he was, 
much against his will or inclination, persuaded by 
influential friends to remain several years longer 
than he otherwise would, he practiced law at the 
Pittsburgh bar, where he was engaged only in im 
portant cases. In 1848 he retired to his much 
loved home, at Harlem, his country seat on the 
Monongahela river, where he had for many years 
spent his summers with his family and friends. In 
early life he was married to Nancy McCullough, 
by whom he had children as follows: Ellen B. , in- 
termarried with Dr. R. R. Reed, both of whom are 
deoeased, leaving a number of children and de- 
scendants, residing in Washington, Pittsburgh and 
Philadelphia, Penn. ; Sarah A., who married George 
Morgan, but is now a widow residing in Washing- 
ton, Penn.; Harriet N. Baird, who died recently at 
Washington; Mary, intermarried with Joseph N. 
Patterson, both now deceased, leaving a son,T. H. B. 
Patterson, a lawyer in Pittsburgh, and Nancy, wife 
of Rev. William B. McKibben, residing in Cincin 
nati, Ohio; Eliza, who was married to Robert Pat 
tersou, Esq. , now a widow residing at Sewickley, 



Penn., having two daughters, .lane and Bessie, liv- 
ing with her, and one sou. Thomas Patterson, Esq., 
who is practicing law in Pittsburgh, Penn. ; Thomas 
H. Baird, subject proper of sketch; Margaret W. 
Baird, residing at Washington, Penn. ; Jane R., who 
was married to Charles McKnight, now a widow, 
residing at Sewickley, Penn., has three sons, T. H. 
B. McKnight, Charles McKnight and Frank Mc- 
Knight, and two daughters, Mary B. and Eliza; 
Susan C. and Emily (1. Baird, who died in young 
womanhood many years ago. 

Thomas H. Baird. whose name opens this 
sketch, was born in Washington, Washington Co., 
Penn., December 17, 1824. He received his edu- 
cation at the common schools of the borough, and 
at Washington College, from which he graduated 
at the early age of seventeen yearn; and, having 
decided on following the legal profession, com- 
menced the study of law in his father's office in 
Washington. In February, 184<>, he was admitted 
to the bar of Washington county, and at once com- 
menced practice in partnership with his father, 
continuing (with the exception of a period here- 
after referred to) until 1872. when he was elected 
district attorney, on the Democratic ticket in a 
Republican county, his opponent being John 
Aiken. During his term of service he was in- 
strumental in securing the conviction of Briceland, 
for the murder, by shooting, of John Allenham. 
Briceland was found guilty after a lengthened 
trial, convicted, and sentenced to imprisonment 
for life. In 1850, when T. McK. T. McKennan 
was appointed, by President Fillmore, Secretary of 
the Interior. Mr. Baird was given the part of as 
sistant chief clerk of the Census Bureau, and was 
later honored by an appointment as clerk in the 
Department proper. Part of his duties were to 
prepare and tile all papers relating to appoint- 
ments and removals of officers, and among them 
he found some demanding his own removal on 
political grounds. These he filed in the regular 
wav, the Department yielded to the demand, and 
decided on his removal, and he wrote out his own 
dismissal and came home. One month afterward, 
however, he was recalled and promoted. Mr. 
Baird was ten years, in all, occupied in Govern 
ment position at Washington, D. C, and then re- 
turned to Pennsylvania. For some three years 
we next find him practicing his profession in Pitts- 
burgh, after which he was engaged a time in the 
coal business on the Monongahela river. In 18R9 
he opened a law office in Monongahela City, where 
he has since resided. 

In 1849, while an attorney in Washington, this 
county, Thomas H. Baird was united in marriage 
with Maria L. , daughter of Dr. Samuel M. King, 
who. in 1820, came from Fayette county, Penn., to 
Monongahela City, where he practiced his pro 
fession till his death in 18S2. Two of his chil- 

dren are yet living in Washington county: Mrs. 
Baird and R. C. King, and two, Mrs. C. J. Mosely 
and Dr. C. B. King, are residents of Allegheny. 
Mr. and Mrs. Baird are the parents of two chil 
dren, viz.: Frank E., an attorney at Charleroi, 
this county, and Maria Louise, wife of A. G. 
Mitchell, assistant engineer of the Monongahela 
division of the Pennsylvania Railroad, with resi 
dence in Monongahela City. The latter are par- 
ents of one little daughter, Maria Louise Mitchell. 
Socially, Mr. Baird is a member of the Royal Ar 
cannm, and in church connection is a Presbyterian. 
In 1881) he was nominated by his party for Con- 
gress, but tin' county proved too strongly Repub- 
lican for him on that ticket, and he was defeated 
Mr. Bainl is a great reader, and in his profession 
keeps himself up to the times, having one of the 
finest and most complete law libraries in the 

li A. PATTERSON, M. D. , was born in East 
Finley tuwnship, Washington Co., Penn., 
\\\ April 7, 1S44. His paternal grandfather, a 
native of Ireland, when a young man emi 
grated to America, where he married. In the war 
of 1812 he enlisted in the American army, and was 
never more heard of, and his wife in the meantime 
died, having given birth to a son, who was named 

Harrison Patterson, father of the Doctor, was 
born in East Finley township, and was reared to 
the trade of stone mason, which he followed twenty 
years, but later took up farm life in his native 
township, where he is yet living at the age of eighty- 
oue years. He married Grizzella, daughter of 
Daniel and Catherine Ross, natives of Scotland, 
who emigrated to the United States and became 
residents of Donegal township, Washington Co., 
Penn. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Patterson 
settled on a farm where she died on Christmas day, 
1884, at the age uf sixty-six years. The children 
born to them were as follows: William R., a 
butcher in Claysville; John A., subject; Mary A.; 
J. A. R., who tlied iii infancy; Francis P., re- 
siding in Fast Finley township; one deceased in 
infancy; Henrietta, residing in East Finley town- 
ship; Catherine (i., a teacher in a mission scl 1 

in Indian Territory; Josephine, who died at the age 
of two years; David W. and Harrison Newton, 
farmers in East Finley township. The father is 
still on the old place, where he has lived for the 
past lift v six vears. For fifteen years he was a 
captain in the old militia, and is commonly called 
by the title uf " Captain." 

John A. Patterson received his education in the 
common schools and in the Millsburg Normal 
School. For six years he was a professional school 
teacher, in the meantime preparing himself for 



the medical profession. He read medicine with 
Dr. J. \V. Kelley, of Claysville, aud attended Jef- 
ferson Medical College during the winter of L869 
70; then practiced the profession four years at 
Zollarsville, after which he attended Ohio Medical 
College, graduating therefrom in the class of 1875; 
he is also a graduate in denial surgery. Return- 
ing to Zollarsville, he remained there until INST, 
when he moved to Washington, where he has since 
enjoyed a highly satisfactory general practice in 
medicine. On October 18, 1875, Dr. Patterson was 
united in marriage with Miss Belle, daughter of 
Isaac Leonard, of West Bethlehem township, and 
they have one sou, Guy E., born July 19, 1876. 
Politically the Doctor is a Democrat, aud for twelve 
years he was school director in West Bethlehem 
township. He is a member of the Improved Order 
of Heptasophs and of the Equitable Aid Union. 
He is now a member of the borough council. 


\yjll R ALLEM, clerk of the courts of Wash 

\f/\ iugton county, is a grandson of Rev. Moses 
!i I Allen, a prominent early settler of the 
county, who was born September 5, 1 780, in 
Westmoreland county, Penn., and in his 
youth learned the trade of millwright, which he pur 
sued diligently and successfully for some years. His 
classical education he secured at Jefferson College, 
and he studied theology with Dr. John McMillan. 
On June '23, 1807. he was licensed to preach by 
the Presbytery of Ohio, and in November of same 
year was ordained and installed pastor of the 
united churches of Providence and Jefferson, in 
Greene county, Penn. In 1816 he received a call 
from the congregation of Raccoon. Washington 
Co., Penn., and was installed June. 1817, ami con- 
tinued to exercise the pastoral office for twenty- 
two years. 

The Rev. S. C. Jennings, who had been asso 
ciated with the Rev. Moses Allen for many years, 
in an address delivered at the "Centennial Meet- 
ing" of the Raccoon Church, spoke of the Rev. 
Moses Allen, second pastor of the church, as fol- 
lows: "Tall in person, grave and sedate in man- 
ners. A preacher of ability, a great reasoner, 
logical and instructive, irreproachable in character, 
and diligent in catechising the youth. His pastor- 
ate extended over a period of twenty two years. 
During this pastorate a new house of worship was 
built, which was of brick and capable of seating 
600 persons. This building continued in use 
forty-two years." 

In 1838 he left Raccoon, and was afterward 
pastor for nine years at Crab Apple Church in 
Ohio, and he died there January 16, 1847, aged 
sixty-six years. It appears from memoranda in 
his own handwriting that his labors were abundant. 
"I was pastor of Raccoons," be writes, "twenty- 

two years, during which I preached 2,685 tunes; 
administered the Lord's Sapper seventy live times: 
admitted to the communion of the church 324 per 
sons; baptized fifteen adults and 558 children, 
ami solemnized 190 marriages." He was a man 
of decided and positive character, of strong mental 
ability. He was a sound theologian, and is always 
spoken of as a very logical, instructive and forcible 
preacher. Mr. Allen was married, in 1805, to 
Catherine, the youngest daughter of Rev. John 
McMillan, D. D., who was the pioneer Presbyterian 
minister, and founder of the ''Log Cabin School," 
which ultimately became Jefferson College, of 
Canonsburg, Penn. His watch, an old English 
" Bulls eye," which he carried until the case wore 
off, is in possession of subject. Ten children were 
born to this union as follows: (1) John Watson, 
born December 16, 1806, married September 29, 
1835, Jane Patterson, and both are now deceased 
(their only son. It. P. Allen, was a justice of the 
peace in Sharon, Iowa; he married Annie Cleaver 
in 1863); (2) Eliza Williams, born August 21, 
1808, was married March 11. 1836, to John Sym 
ington, and is now deceased (their only son, Allen 
Harper Symington, married Miss Ellen Mcllvaine 
in 1869; they reside iu Cherry Valley. Mt. Pleas- 
ant township, Washington county, and have three 
daughters and one son); (3) John McMillan, of 
whom special mention is made further on; (4) 
Jane M., born October 2, 1812, died September 8, 
1819; (5) Samuel Harpaer, born February 6, 1815, 
was married April 26, 1838, to Mary Wallace (he 
attended Jefferson College, Canonsburg, and Jef- 
ferson Medical College, Philadelphia; he practiced 
medicine over half a century, and is now living at 
Bakerstown, Allegheny Co., Penn.; he has two 
daughters: Lydia A. (Mrs. Gibson), in the city of 
Allegheny, where for several years he was a lead- 
ing teacher in the public schools, and Kate, at 
home; an only living son, L. M., is a member of 
the Pittsburgh bar, with residence in Allegheny; 
an elder son, John Watson, died in the service of 
his country in the war of the Rebellion); (6) 
Catherine Blair, born April 2, 1817, married 
Thomas Morgan, April 19, 1836, and both died in 
Belmont county, Ohio, where several of their chil- 
dren now are, others being in the West; (7) Moses 
Coe, born December 20, 1820, married Ann Camp- 
bell November 2, 1843; they are both of Belmont 
county, Ohio, and now reside in Island Creek 
township, Jefferson Co., Ohio (they had six sous, 
three of whom died in early youth; the eldest one 
living married a Miss Crawford, in Jefferson county, 
Ohio, and they are now in Missouri; the other two 
surviving sons, William Vincent and Samuel 
Harper, are living with their parents'); (8) Aaron, 
born February 9. 1823, in Washington county, 
married Ann Lyle in Belmont county, Ohio, and 
both died about the year 1877 (one son, John, 



married a Miss Pollock, anotber sou, Moses Kay. 
married a Miss Armstrong, one rlaugbter, Catha- 
rine, married a Mr. Duulap, anotber, Belle, was 
wedded to a Mr. Pollock, and they all live in Bel- 
mont county, Ohio; anotber son, David Dinsmore, 
is a minister of the Presbyterian Church in Idaho, 
and Oscar, yet another son, died at the age of 
twenty years); (9) William McMillan, born April 
11, 1825, died May 23, 1823, and (10) Sarah J., 
born March 5. 1829, died June 23, 1833. 

John McMillan Allen was born .July 11, 1810, 
in Greene county, Penn., and reared to agricult 
ural pursuits, which be followed through life. In 
March, 1S37, be married Margaret Ann Riddell, 
daughter of Rev. John Riddell, D. D. , first pastor 
of Robinson Run Church, by the edge of Wash- 
ington and Allegheny counties. To this union 
was born one child — Moses Riddell Allen — the 
subject of this sketch. This wife dying February 
28, 1856, Mr. Allen married, for bis second wife, 
Mrs. Margaret Ann Lockart, mother of ex-Sheriff 
Lockart, and one child came of this marriage, 
Annie Eliza, now the wife of J. A. Evans, an at- 
torney in Pittsburgh, Penn. The father died in 
Burgettstown, July 15, 1860, and is buried in Rac- 
coon cemetery; the mother died near Noblestown, 
Allegheny Co., Penn. 

M. R. Allen was born July 19, 1842, in Har- 
rison county, Ohio, and in 1859 removed with bis 
father to Burgettstown, Washington county, and 
has since been a resident of the county. His edu- 
cation was received at the common schools and at 
Franklin College, New Athens, Ohio, after which 
he taught school in Washington county, Penn. 
For a time he carried on farming operations, also 
a mercantile business, and on August 2, 1881, be 
founded the Burgettstown Call, which he pub 
lisbed till January 1, 1887, when, having been 
elected to the office of clerk of courts of Wash- 
ington county, be sold the paper to the owner of 
the Enterprise (J. H. Cramer), since when the two 
have been consolidated with the title Enterprise 
Cull. Mr. Allen then removed to Washington, 
where he has since had his home, having been re- 
elected in 1890 to the office be holds. 

On January 14, 1864, Mr. Allen was married to 
Ella M. Daugherty, of Burgettstown, daughter of 
John Daugherty (of the same place) and Abigail 
B. (Canon) Daugherty, daughter of Joshua Canon, 
and granddaughter of Col. John Canon, the found 
er of Canonsburg. Mr. and Mrs. Daugherty were 
the parents of five children: John Weslev, who 
died in 1878; Ella M. (Mrs. M. R. Allen); Jennie 
O, wife of W. B. Porter, of Burgettstown; Flora 
B. , teacher in the East Washington public schools, 
and Asenath M , who died November 3, 1804. The 
father of this family, who was a wagon maker and 
carriage builder by trade, well known and highly 
respected, died in August, 1866; in April, 1*77, 

the mother followed him to the grave, and they 
sleep their last sleep in the cemetery at Burgetts 
town. Tbey were both natives of Washington 
county, the father born in Donegal township. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Alien were born six children, of whom 
the following is a brief record: John E. is with his 
father; Harper Riddell is bis father's assistant in 
the office, and his special work now is prepar- 
ing the new index of the Orphans' Court, from 
the organization of the county up to date; Wesley 
Hays is also assistant clerk with his father (be was 
married in 1891 to Miss Dora E. Mounts, of Wash 
ington county; one child — a daughter — Helen M , 
has been born to them); William, died September 
11, 1SS1, and Effie, died August 28, 1881, both in 
infancy, .aged eleven and seven respectively; May 
nord Robert is attending Washington and Jeffer 
son College, freshman class. Mr. Allen is a Re- 
publican in his political preferences, and has served 
as burgess of Burgettstown, also as clerk of coun- 
cil. In 1880 he enumerated the census of the 
First Precinct of Smith township. Since coming 
to Washington he has served as director of the 
Keystone Building & Loan Association, a local 

For three generations preceding our subject, the 
family has been Presbyterian in its religious affil- 
iations and workers in the cause; it is, therefore, 
nothing of wonder that Mr. Allen and his eutire 
family are followers and supporters of the same 
principles and creed. Mr. Allen is a member and 
deacon of Dr. Brownson's (First Presbyterian) 
Church of Washington, aud is also a member of the 
Improved Order of Heptasophs, of Washington, 
having filled the office of " Archon " in the order 
since its organization. At the present time Mr. 
Allen is secretary of the school board of East 

||AMES GLENN DICKSON, M. D.,a resident 

for tbc> past fifty years of Canonsburg, Penn., 

fl| was born February 15, 1825, in what is now 

South Fayette township, Allegheny Co., 

Penn. His parents were William aud Mar 

garet (Glenn) Dickson. 

Dr. Dickson traces his ancestry in a direct line 
through a period of over three hundred years, and 
the year 1893 enables him to look upon the faces 
of the tenth generation. 

The earliest records, which have yet been ob- 
tained by Dr. Dickson, tell of one John Dickson, 
a merchant in Glasgow, Scotland, " a man of re 
ligious character and possessed of considerable 
wealth.'' This merchant with his good wife stirred 
up others to pray with aud for them, that the 
blessing of a son might be given them, "vowing 
that if their petition was granted they would de 
vote him to tlm service of the Lord.'' Such a son 

<2"*2-— -) 



was the Rev. David Dickson, bom possibly in 1591, 
probably as early as 1583, as the exact date can 
not positively be stated. He was educated in the 
University of Glasgow, where he became a profes 
sor in 1641, remaining in that position until 1651, 
where he accepted a similar position in the Edin- 
bnrgh University. He was appointed minister to 
Irvine in 1618, and of him it has been said: '"The 
Professor of Divinity at Edinburgh was truly a 
great man: the Professor of Divinity at Glasgow was 
a greater man; but the minister of Irvine was the 
greatest man of all." His repudiation of the Five 
Articles of Perth, as issued by the General As-eni 
bly of the Church of Scotland in 1618, won for him 
much persecution, as well as great honor. He 
was pre-eminently a scholar, a preacher, a worthy 
Scotchman, as his biography and writings show. 
In all there are seven works, the offspring of his 
master intellect, copies of three of which, with a 
sketch of his life issued by the committee of the 
General Assembly of the Free Church of Scotland, 
are in possession of Rev. David Craig Stewart, of 
Hoboken, N. J., and were obtained of him recently 
in Edinburgh. 

Alexander Dickson, a sou of Rev. David Dick 
son, wrote the dedication in 1664 to the English 
preface of his father's last work, calling it a child 
of his father's old age — the English translation of 
Latin treatise on the subject of the Conscience; his 
father having died in 1663, probably eighty years 
old, certainly not younger than seventy-two. An- 
other son of Rev. David Dickson was John, who be- 
came a merchant in Edinburgh, Scotland; and this 
John established his sons David and George in 
mercantile business in Armagh, Ireland, as a 
branch of the Edinburgh house. 

The records show that three sous of the Armagh 
merchant, George Dickson, came to America, in 
eluding the family also of one of these three, that 
of Audrew, who had married a Seceder girl in Ar- 
magh previous to his emigration, and whose family 
record (Andrew's) is preserved in a Bible which 
gives the date of birth of each of his ten children, 
and the record of the marriage of nine of these. 
This Andrew Dickson, of the fifth generation thus 
fur traced, was great-grandfather of Dr. James G. 
Dickson of the eighth generation. 

The six elder children of Andrew Dickson were 
born in Ireland between the years 1734 and 1743, 
and the other four were born in America near 
Chambersburg, Penn., where their father had set- 
tled. The eldest of the four born in this coun 
try was Andrew, whose birth was in 1748, and 
who died in service in the Revolutionary army. • 
The Bible containing Audrew Dickson's family 
record is now over one hundred and sixty years 
old, and is in possession of Rev. David French 
Dickson, of East Palestine, Ohio, a nephew of 
Dr. Dickson. Andrew Dickson's children were 

named: Hannah, George, Jean, James, Esther, 
Sarah, Andrew, Agnes, Mary Ann and John 
George Dickson, the eldest son and second child 
in this family, was the grandfather of the sub 
ject of this sketch. George Dickson was born 
December 7, 1735, and died in tin- fall of 1817. 
He married, in 1770, Rachel McKee, then twenty 
nine years of age, a daughter of James McKee, .i| 
Chambersburg, Penn. In the summer of 1771' 
George came to Black Lick creek (now in Indiana 
couuty), accompanied by his younger brother, John, 
and bought 400 acres of laud. There they built 
a cabin, cleared what land they could during the 
summer, and then went back to Chambersburg for 
the winter. In 1773 they returned and cleared 
in. ne, ami in 1774 George moved his family into 
the cabin. He continued to clear and cultivate the 
land until 177S, when, in the greatest haste, they 
were obliged to flee upon receiving news of the 
Wyoming massacre and near approach of the In >st ile 
Indians. With his wife and their small children. 
James, Andrew and Agnes, all mounted upon two 
saddle horses, they summarily returned across the 
mountains to Chambersburg. In 1782 George and 
his brother John again visited their property in west 
era Pennsylvania to find everything in ashes. Com 
ing southward to Pittsburgh, suitable land was found 
and purchased by George Dickson, it being some 
440 acres on the north branch of Miller's run, and 
purchased from one Thomas Reed, an early settler, 
who held it under a patent grant. John Dickson 
went further west into Ohio, where he married and 
settled near Poland. 

The family of George Dickson numbered eight 
children — three sons and live daughters. These 
uncles and aunts to Dr. James Dickson were James, 
born January, 1772; Andrew, born May 27, 1775; 
Agnes, born February 27, 1777; Mary, born Sep- 
tember 4, 1780; Rachel, born November 13, 1782; 
Hannah, born November 18, 17S5; Elizabeth, born 
August 10, 1789; and William, the father of Dr. 
Dickson, born August 2, 1791. James, the eldest, 
married a Miss Frazee, and their family consisted 
of several daughters; James Dickson died in 
Cuyahoga county, Ohio. His brother, Andrew, 
also married a Miss Frazee, a sister of James' wife; 
Andrew died near DeKalb, Ohio, leaving a large 
family, chiefly sons. Agnes, the third child in 
George Dickson's family, died at the age of nine 
teen near Noblestown, Penn.; she had doubtless 
been named for her father's sister Agnes, the wife 
of Mr. Bryar, of Chambersburg. Mary, the fourth 
member of George Dickson's family, married 
Joseph Burnside, and resided near Canonsburg, 
where her death occurred at an advanced age, hav 
ing for many years before her death been totally 
blind; her family numbered three daughters and 
one son, namely: Margaret Jane (recently de- 
ceased), the wife of Rev. David Thompson, D. D. , 



of Monmouth, 111.; Rachel, wife of John Foley; 
Mary Anne, now Mrs. Haslep, of near Monmouth, 
111.; and George Dickson Burnside, who died a 
few years since on his farm near Canonshurg. 
Rachel Dickson, the fifth in George Dickson's 
family, died near Scottsville, Peuu., and was 
the wife of Solomon Irons; their family num- 
bered six children, viz. : James, John, Rachel, 
William, Joseph and Andrew. Hannah, George 
Dickson's sixth child, became the wife of Andrew 
Henderson, and of their six children four were 
sons, named respectively: George, John, Will- 
iam and Ebeuezer. Hannah Dickson Henderson 
died near Granville, 111. The next younger sister 
was Elizabeth, the seventh child of George Dick- 
son; she became the wife of James Stewart, and at 
her death which occurred near Clinton, Penu., 
left no family. The youngest child of the grand- 
father, George Dickson, was William, the father of 
Dr. James G. Dickson. 

William Dickson was born in South Fayette 
township, Allegheny Co., Penn., in 1791. On the 
death of his father he came into possession of the 
homestead, and became one of the most successful 
fanners in his part of the country, one of his spe- 
cialties being the rearing of tine-wool Merino sheep, 
his flock of such being the first introduced into 
his neighborhood. He was a man of exemplary 
piety, and honorable dealings with his neighbors. 
In the year of his father's death, 1817, he married, 
and was elected ruling elder, to till the vacancy 
caused by his father's demise, in the Nobles- 
town (Peuu.) Associate (now United Presbyterian) 
congregation, which office he continued to fill until 
his death, which occurred March 18, 1872, in his 
eighty-second year. He resided all his life on the 
farm where his father had spent the last thirty 
four years of his life. William Dickson was twice 
married, his first wife being Margaret Glenn, a 
daughter of James and Jennie (Buchanan) Glenn, 
who came to western Pennsylvania a few years 
subsequent to the arrival of William Dicksou's 
parents. The Glenns came from Lancaster county 
and settled in Westmoreland (now Allegheny) 
county, prior to 1800. Margaret Glenn was born 
in Lancaster county, Penn., in 1791. The mar- 
riage of William Dickson and Margaret Glenn oc- 
curred in 1817. Their children were as follows: 
Jennie Glenn, born August 21, 1818. died in in- 
fancy. May 9, 1819; Rachel, born July 18, 1820; 
George, born October 8, 1822: James Glenn, horn 
February 15, 1825; Joseph, bora December 10, 
1820, died February 9, 1827; Mary J., born April 
28, 1828; Andrew and William A. (twins), born 
June 15. 1831 (Andrew died in infancy, May 5, 
1832). The mother of these children died No- 
vember 18, 1852. at the age of sixty-one years. 
For his second wife William Dickson married, in 
1857, Susan Aikins, who preceded her husband a 

little over two weeks in entering the Heavenly 
home, her death occurring March 1, 1872, and 
their remains repose in the cemetery at Robinson 
Run church, where are also the remains of Will 
iam Dickson's parents. 

Rachel, daughter of William Dickson, became 
the wife of Robert Potter, and with her two 
daughters, Maggie D. and M. Lulu, has resided 
near Noblestown siuce the death of her husband, 
July 16, 1887. 

George Dickson, elder brother of Dr. Dickson. 
was married to Margaret French, daughter of Rev. 
David French, D. D., and her son, Rev. David 
French Dickson, has been mentioned earlier in 
this sketch. George Dickson's second wife was 
Eliza Glenn, who left no family at her death. In 
November, 1892, occurred the death of Annie 
Rankin, third wife of George Dickson. James 
Glenn Dickson is the next younger brother, and to 
present his lineage is the design of this sketch. 
Mary J. Dickson, a younger sister, married James 
Clark, and resided in Buffalo township, Washing- 
ton Co., Penn., until 1870, when they removed to 
Cauonsburg, where her husbaud's death occurred 
December 18, 1885. Their family consisted of 
Nettie, who died in infancy; William Dickson 
Clark, whose wife (now deceased) was Mrs. Lizzie 
McKeown; Marguerite S. , the wife of Culbert M. 
Greer; Anna Mary, the wife of Rev. David Craig 
Stewart; and James Addison Clark, who resides 
with his mother. 

William A. Dickson, the youngest of his father's 
family, like his father, William Dickson, came 
into possession of the ancestral estate, where with 
his family he resided for many years until his re- 
moval to the McBurney farm near Midway, Wash 
ington Co., Penn. His wife was Elizabeth Mc- 
Burney, daughter of Robert and Eliza (Welsh) 
McBurney. William A. Dickson's family of eight 
children are: Margaret, Elizabeth, Robert, Anna 
S. , William, Agnes, Walter and Bertha. William 
A. Dickson has in his possession his mother's 
Bible inscribed as follows: "Margaret Glenn, her 
book. August 12, 1812," which also contains 
record of the birth of each of Dr. Dickson's sisters 
and brothers. The ponderous volume "Boston's 
Complete Works " is in possession of Rev. David 
F. Dickson, and contains the annals previously 
quoted of Dr. Dickson's grandfather, George 
Dickson's family. 

Dr. James Glenn Dickson was brought up on 
his father's farm in South Fayette township, Alle 
ghenv county, and received his primary education 
at the subscription schools of the neighborhood, 
which was supplemented by a few terms at the 
public school, and instruction under the preceptor- 
ship of Rev. John M. French, pastor of the Asso- 
ciate Church at Noblestown; then in 1843 he en- 
tered Jefferson College, from which he graduated 



in LS47 under the presidency of Dr. Robert J. 
Breckeuridge, of Kentucky. In 1848 he com- 
menced the study of medicine with Dr. J. V. Har- 
riott, of Canonsburg, attending during the winters 
of 1SU)-50and 1850-51 Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia, Peun., where in the spring of 1851 
he received his medical diploma. In the summer 
of that year he commenced the practice of his 
chosen profession at Mount Jackson, Lawrence Co., 
Penn., remaining there one year. Then at the 
solicitation of his preceptor. Dr. Herriott. he re- 
turned to Canonsburg and entered into a partner- 
ship with him, which existed about two years, at 
tlic end of which time Dr. Herriott removed to 
Philadelphia, Dr. Dickson continuing the practice 
alone in Canonsburg. Upon the return of his old 
partner, after an absence of several years, Dr. 
Dickson again associated with him, but at the end 
of three years Dr. Herriott moved to Valparaiso, 
Ind., since when our subject has been alone in his 
professional practice. He has enjoyed an un- 
broken, most successful practice of over forty years 
in Canonsburg, a longer period than has fallen to 
the lot of any other physician of the place. 

Dr. Dickson was married September 4, 1856, t" 
Margaret H. Buchanan, who was born February 
28, 1828, in North Strabane township, Washing- 
ton Co., Peun., a daughter of Alexander and Mary 
(Miller) Buchanan. Two children were born to 
Dr. Dickson and wife, viz.: Mary Jeannette and 
William Alexander, both living with their parents. 
William A. was married September 24, 1885, to 
Margaret Gabby Allison (daughter of Hon. Jona- 
than and Margaret (Gabby) Allison), whose death 
occurred September 6, 1886, followed six weeks 
later by the death of their infant daughter, Mag 
gie Olive. On October 23, 1800, occurred the 
marriage of William A. Dickson and Mary Lizzie 
Martin, daughter of Dr. John W. and Elizabeth 
(Allison) Martin. Thoir infant daughters are 
Aneita Marie and Margaret Elizabeth, who, with 
their parents, are part of Dr. Dickson's household. 
The family are members of the United Presbj 
terian Church, the Doctor having united with it 
when it was known as the Associate Church. Po- 
litically, he was first an Old line Whig, and, since 
the organization of the party, he has been a stanch 
Republican. The commodious family residence 
was built by the Doctor some eight years ago, on 
the corner of Pike street and Greenside avenue. 
The years herein recounted bring the Dickson 
lineage through ten generations; of the tenth 
there are in direct line eight representatives, viz. : 
Three children of Rev. David F. and Annie M. 
(McCready) Dickson— George, David and Zetta; 
three grandchildren Q f ji ary j (£)j c ksoii) Clark, 
viz. : Clark and Lucile Greer, son and daughter 
of Culbert Means Greer and Marguerite S. (Clark) 
Greer, and Anna Mary, daughter of Rev. David 

Craig Stewart and Anna M. (Clark) Stewart; 
added to these the Doctor's two graudchildri'ii, be 
fore named (Aneita Marie and Margaret Elizabeth), 
and the eight representatives of the teu^h genera 
tion from John Dickson, of Glasgow, Scotland, 
are recounted. 

The Doctor is wedded to his profession, and as 
he is by nature, as well as by education, emi- 
nently qualified for his, the most benevolent of 
all professions, he commands and enjoys the re 
spect and confidence of his many patrons. 

ZARD, editor and proprietor of the Mo i 
gahela Republican, was born in Mononga 
hela City, Peun., May 5, 1849, in the same 
house and in the same room in which his mother 
was born and married. lie is a son of Hon. 
Thomas R. Hazzard and Harriet M. Hamilton, the 
former of whom was born in Chemung county, N. 
Y. The paternal ancestor of Thomas R. Hazzard 
was from the North of Ireland. 

C. W. Hazzard was educated in the common 
schools of Monongahela City, and afterward at 
tended an academy taught by Henry Lee, at West 
Newtou, Westmoreland Co.. Peun. Mr. Lee was 
formerly a professor in Washington College, arjd 
belonged to the celebrated Lee family, prominent 
in the Revolution, and some of whose descendants 
were leaders in the Confederate service during the 
Civil war. After completing his education in West 
Newton, he entered the Monongahela Republican 
printing office as an apprentice. His father pur 
chased the newspaper plant, and admitted his son 
to a joint ownership. This he left, However, to 
accept a commission in the Twelfth Pennsylvania 
Reserves. He served through the war, ami left 
the service a brevet major at the close of the cam- 
paign. He was in forty two rights, including 
Draiuesville (December 20. 1861), Mechanicsville, 
Gaines' Mills. Newmarket Cross Roads, Malvern 
Hill, Second Bull Run, South Mountain, Autietam, 
Fredericksburg (where he was wounded), Gettys- 
burg, Bristoe Station, Mine Run, Wilderness 
(seven days), Spottsylvania (his brevet reading 
"promoted for gallantry at Spottsylvania"), North 
Anna and Bethesda Church. He is specially men- 
tioned in general orders for gallantry in action, as 
appears in the official records of the Rebellion 
published by Congress. In 1863 Capt. Hazzard 
was transferred from the line to the staff as Di- 
vision mustering officer, and served in that capac 
ity with Gens. Sykes, Crawford and McCandless. 
After the war he returned home and resumed the 
publication of the Monongahela Republican, of 
which he then became publisher and editor. On 
the formation of the National Guard of Pennsyl- 
vania after the war, Col. Hazzard was made 



Assistant, Adjutant-general of the Seventeenth Di- 
vision, on the staff of Maj.-Gen. Thomas F. Gal- 
lagher, with the rank of colonel. On the reorgan- 
ization of *the guard, he was appointed on the staff 
of Gen. James A. Beaver, as a brigade inspector- 
general, serving as such until his chief was elected 
Governor of the Commonwealth. Col. Hazzard 
then relinquished his position in the National 
Guard. He has served in various military posi- 
tions of a civil character: as president of the 
Washington County (Penn.) Veteran Association; 
is one of the managers of the 'Gettysburg Battle 
field Memorial Association; is secretary of the 
Pennsylvania Reserve Veteran Association; was 
elected Commander of the Department of Penn 
sylvauia, G. A. R. , at Reading, January 30, 1880, 
and has been several times chairman of the com- 
mittee on resolutions in the National Encampment, 
of which body he has attended every encampment 
since the organization of the G. A. R., except that 
at San Francisco, Cal. He has been somewhat in 
demand as a speaker on G. A. R. occasions, and 
has delivered over two hundred addresses in its in- 
terests. As a newspaper man, he has been thirty 
nine years a printer, during thirty years of which 
he has been editor. He has been secretary of the 
Editorial Association of Western Pennsylvania, 
Virginia and Eastern Ohio since its organization. 
He was made postmaster of his native city almost 
immediately after leaving the service, and resigned 
on the day when Mr. Cleveland was first inaugu- 
rated. He was the first State president of the Pa- 
triotic Order of the Junior Sous of America, and 
for six years published its official organ, a monthly 
journal called the Junior's Friend. In 1880 he 
established the daily edition of the Monongahela 
Republican, now in the twelfth year of its existence. 
He is a prominent Freemason, and has taken 
all of the degrees to the thirty-third, Sir Knight 
twenty-second, and is a member of Syria Temple, 
Mystic Shrine. He served for four consecutive 
years as Grand Regent of the Royal Arcanum of 
the State of Pennsylvania, and is at this writing 
Supreme Vice Regent of the Order at large. 

Col. Hazzard was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary B. Goff, and they have two children: De- 
Vernon, a student at Washington College, and 
Harriet H. Col. Hazzard is ably assisted in his 
editorial office by Miss Jane King, who promises 
to be one of the brightest newspaper writers in the 
State. He was secretary of the Monongahela 
Valley Agricultural Society, and one of the di- 
rectors in the Monongahela Driving Association. 
He is a trustee, on behalf of the State, of the Cal- 
ifornia Normal College, and a trustee of the Mo- 
nongahela Memorial Hospital. Col. Hazzard has 
two brothers: Joseph De V., an orange grower in 
Florida, and T. L. Hazzard, M. D., professor of 
physiology in the Western Pennsylvania Medical 

College, at Pittsburgh. Mr. and Mrs. Hazzard 
attend the First Presbyterian Church at Mononga- 
hela City. 

R\¥f N. PATTEN, M.D., is a physician of large 
II VI practice and wide reputation, one who lias 

M earned his success in life, beginning when 
JJ - 1 a boy on his father's farm, in the endeavor 
v to climb the ladder of life. He is a native 

of Pennsylvania, born in Union township, Wash 
ington county, January 1 1, 1847, a sou of William 
(a farmer) and Isabella (Porter) Patten, the latter 
of whom was a sister of Mrs. Morrison (mother of 
Mrs. Alexander, of Monongahela City). They 
were the parents of nine children, of whom the 
following is a brief record: one son died in infancy; 
Matthew is a farmer in Iowa; Martha and Eliza- 
beth are both residents of Union township, this 
county; Mary is the wife of Thomas Estep, and 
lives in East End, Pittsburgh, Penn. ; William J. 
is a farmer in Kansas; Sarah Belle lives in Union 
township; Newton N. is the. subject of this sketch; 
J. Alfred is in Union township. The father died 
in 1886, aged eighty-seven years four mouths; the 
mother is yet living, aged eighty eight years seven 

N. N. Patten received a liberal education at the 
common schools of his native township, which was 
supplemented with a course of study at Elder's 
Ridge (Penn. ) Academy. Subsequently he entered 
Washington and Jefferson College, from which he 
graduated in 1809. He then commenced the study 
of mediciue in Monongahela City with Dr. M. P. 
Morrison, a cousin, and attended lectures at Jef 
ferson Medical College, which granted him his de- 
gree of M. D. in 1873. Dr. Patten at once com- 
menced the practice of his profession in Pittsburgh, 
Penn., which he followed there with eminent suc- 
cess for a period of ten years; then for three years 
was the head physician at the Pittsburgh City 
Farm, Homestead, Penn. In 1880 Dr. Patten re- 
moved to Monongahela City, where he has since 
been in the general practice of his profession, his 
ride being a very wide one, his skill as a physician, 
and his courteous and social manner as a gentle 
man, having made him extremely popular, and sur 
rounded him with hosts of friends. The Doctor in 
politics is a Republican; in church connection, a 

d'OHN F.COOPER, cashier of the People's 
Bank of Monongahela City, was born Decern - 
J ber 7, 1847, in Fallowfield township, Wash- 
ington Co., Penn., on the farm which he now 
owns and occupies, and which was the prop, 
erty of his father before him. 

One of the earliest settlers in what is now Fal- 



lowtit'ld township was Frederick Cooper, a native 
of Germany, who emigrated to this country prior 
to 1770, and first settled in Frederick county, Va., 
where he lived until 1771. Ou April 20 of that 
year he came to this region, which was yet a wil- 
derness, and purchased from Andrew Devore "one 
certain tract or parcel of land lying on the north 
side of the Monongahela, and bounded by lands of 
Paul Froman and James Devore." A peculiarity 
about the description of the said tract of land was 
that the quantity was not mentioned. He retained 
this tract of land about a year, and sold it to 
Abraham Miller in April 1772. At that time the 
boundary dispute between Pennsylvania and Vir 
giuia was raging, both provinces claiming jurisdic- 
tion over this region. Bedford county had been 
erected March 9, 1771, and the inhabitants of the 
Monongahela Valley were called upon to pay their 
shares of the taxes to maintain the county govern- 
ment. And the majority of these having come from 
Maryland and Virginia, and being doubtful, in the 
absence of an established western boundary, 
whether they were living under the government of 
Pennsylvania or that of Virginia, resistance to the 
collection of these taxes followed. On this account 
much ill feeling and turbulence prevailed, and con, 
tinned for some years, steps being finally taken by 
the two colonies, in 1780, for a permanent settle- 
ment of the boundary contention, and the jurisdic- 
tion of Virginia was withdrawn. Washington 
county was erected March 28, 1781. 

When Frederick Cooper first came here, he left 
a wife and three children — John, Mary and Eliz 
abeth — in the East. Owing to the feuds, discords 
and litigations amongst the inhabitants of the con- 
tending jurisdictions, because of the boundary con- 
troversy and the resultant inability of the settlers 
to make adequate defense against the Indians who 
had again become troublesome, he sold his land to 
Abraham Miller in 1772, and returned to the East, 
remaining there several years. His wife having 
died, he married Elizabeth Kyle, returned to this 
county with his family, and purchased 287 acres of 
land which had been warranted on April 17, 1760, 
to Jacob Froman, and surveyed under the name of 
" Wrangle." The warrant was returned to Fred- 
erick Cooper December 27, 1784, and he lived 
upon this land the remainder of his lifetime. From 
one of a series of historical sketches of early fam- 
ilies written by Dr. J. S. Van Voorhis is gleaned 
the following: Of the children of Frederick 
Cooper, Catherine became the wife of Thomas 
Ward, who' built the first house in Belle Vernon; 
Margaret married John Roland, and both died near 
Wooster, Ohio; Abraham removed to Guernsey 
county, Ohio; Frederick owned a farm in the 
"Dutch settlement,'' and was the father of Samuel 
and F. K. Cooper, all now deceased; Rebecca be 
came the wife of Daniel Jacobs; George removed 

to Ohio; Valentine lived and died (a very aged 
man) ou the original Cooper homestead at the 
mouth of Maple creek, a farmer and distiller by 

The names of the children of Valentine Cooper 
were Jackman, Washington, Jehu, Frederick, 
Elizabeth, Nancy, Narcissa and Josiah C. Of 
these, Jackman died in Upshur county, W. Va. ; 
Washington has special mention further on; Jehu 
removed to Marshall county, 111. ; Frederick was a 
school teacher, and died in 1852; Nancy married 
Newton Van Voorhis, and both are now deceased; 
Elizabeth became the wife of Apollos Spiers, who 
lived in Allen township opposite Belle Vernon; 
Narcissa married Martin Weaver, and removed to 
Huron county, Ohio; Josiah C. is still living, and 
is a practicing physician in Philadelphia. 

Washington Cooper, second son of Valentine, al- 
ways remained a citizen of Fallowtield township, 
where he was born. He was twice married, first 
to Sarah A. Thompson, by whom he had five chil 
dren: Margaret A., Mary E., Sarah A., Narcissa 
and Malinda J., all now deceased. Mr. Cooper's 
second wife was Ruth A. Graves, who was born in 
I 8 1 5 in West Pike Bun township, this county, a 
daughter of John and Ann Graves, Quakers, who 
came from near Wilmington, Del., and settled in 
West Pike Run township, Washington county, 
where theypurchased a farm. They were regular 
attendants of the Friends' meeting house, a short 
distance from their residence, and were universally 
respected. Five children were born to them, viz. : 
Albina, who married Josiah John, a Quaker, and 
they resided in Pike Run township; Jehu, who mar 
ried and after his wife's death moved, with his 
two children, to Marshall county, 111. ; Taylor, who 
married Susan Borom, and lived on the homestead 
farm in Pike Run township; Ruth A.; and Mary 
A. , who married Ellis Johnson, and they afterward 
lived in Stark county, Ohio (he died in his one- 
hundredth year, and she lived to a ripe old age; 
the late Hon. James G. Blaine was a pupil of hers). 
The children born to Washington and Ruth A. 
(Graves) Cooper were five in number, as follows: 
John F., our subject; Eli M., who was born in 
1849, and died in 1889 unmarried; Charles J., de 
ceased in infancy; Jehu V., a farmer in Fallowfield 
township, owning a place of 100 acres, a portion 
of the old homestead (In- married Jennie V. Wil- 
son, and they have four children living); and 
Annie A., wife of William West, a farmer in Sum 
ner county, Tenn. The father died in October, 
18(50, aged sixty-six years; the mother resides with 
her son John F. 

John F. Cooper attended the common schools of 
his township, which were above the average of 
country schools, in the meantime assisting his 
father on the farm. In 1881 he was elected 
register of wills for Washington county, and re- 



elected in 1884, serving two terms. At the expira- 
tion of his term of office, in 1888, be returned to 
the farm, where lie remained until January 1, 
1891, when he assumed the duties of cashier of 
the People's Bank of Monongahela City, he hav 
ing been elected to that position in December, 
IS 1 ." I. On January 19, 1871, Mr. Cooper was 
united in marriage with Miss Sarah J. Crow, who 
was born in Fallowfield township, this county, a 
daughter of Benjamin and Susan (Thompson) 
('row. Squire Crow was born in Washington 
county, and was a farmer and carpenter, also a 
justice of the peace a number of years. Mrs. 
Crow was born in Ohio. Mr. and Mrs. John F. 
Cooper had born to them seven children, viz. : 
Frederick F., clerk for the Catsburg Coal Co. ; 
Olive R., Alice O, Frances J., George W., Ethel 
E. and Charles Mcllvain. The mother died Janu- 
ary 23, 1888. She was a member of the M. E. 
Church, Mr. Cooper of the Presbyterian Church. 
He resides with his children on the old homestead 
farm, which he owns, four miles southwest of 

M ngahela City, on the Brownsville road in 

Fallowtield township. The farm comprises 113 
acres, and he raises thereon grain and stock. 

f Houston family of Canonsburg, Wash 
Jl ing county, are descended from the family 
— ' of that name in Lancaster county, same 
State, who emigrated from Scotland to 
Ireland and thence to this country, settling in Lan- 
caster county, Penn. We quote the following 
from "The Encyclopedia of Contemporary-Biog- 
raphy of Pennsylvania:" 

''The Houstons of Pennsylvania come of a race 
noted for its physical and mental strength. They 
trace their lineage far back into the days of chival- 
rous Scotland, when the destinies of the land of 
heath and heather were dominated by the tyrannical 
Edward I of England. The Houston came in- 
to existence during the life of the valorous Wallace. 
Its origin, however, goes back to the time of Sir 
Hugh de Pavinan, the Laird of the Lands of Kil- 
peter in Strathgrief, and comes in a direct line 
through the oldest sous down to the present time. 
The baronetcy is now held by George Ludovic 
Houston, of Johnstone. Renfrewshire, Scotland. 
The younger sons of the original family migrated 
from their native land to the North of Ireland, in 

the early part of the seventeentl ntury, and are 

.now scattered through the Counties of Antrim, 
Tyrone, Donegal and Londonderry. From them 
came that branch of the family that settled in 
Lancaster county, Penn., between the years 1725 
and 1730, and from the Lancaster county Hous- 
tons, branch out the Houstons of Virginia and 
Tennessee, and the famous Sam Houston of Texas, 

the hero who battled with Santa Anna, and who 
was the first president of the Republic. " 

The following is from the " History of Lancas- 
ter County:'' 

" The Houstons of Lancaster county, Penn., are 
the descendantsof John Houston, who had six sons 
and two daughters born at the farm immediately 
facing Gap Station on the Pennsylvania Railroad. 
The sons were Daniel, John, William, James, 
Thomas and Samuel. The daughters were mar 
ried, one to Rev. Alexander Proudfit, the other to 
Mr. John Johnson. Both daughters had large 
families. The five elder boys (Samuel was too 
young) were soldiers in the Revolutionary war, and 
with the exception of James, who was killed at 
Paoli, fought through the war. After the war 
Daniel went to Franklin county and afterward to 
Washington county; William went to Trumbull 
county, Ohio; Thomas went to Rockbridge county, 
Va. The youngest son, Samuel Nelson, remained 
in Lancaster county. Penn. He was distinguished 
for his splendid physical manhood. After gradu- 
ating from Burlington College he gave his atten- 
tion in his earl}' years to the study of materia 
medica and pharmacy. But he did not repress 
the martial nature which was within him, for he 
became an active member of Capt. Shippen's 
troop of horse in Lancaster county, and took part 
in the war of 1812. 

" Dr. John Houston, the second son, studied in 
the University of Edinburgh, where he graduated 
in 1706. He studied medicine with Dr. Shippen, 
of Philadelphia, and began practice in York county, 
Penn., then a frontier town. In 1773 he married 
Susannah Wright, of Columbia. He entered the 
Revolutionary army as a surgeon. His eldest 
brother, Daniel, also a Revolutionary soldier, moved 
from Lancaster county to Franklin county, where 
he remained a short time, then moved to Washing- 
ton county, settling in the neighborhood of Cross 
Creek township. His son, Daniel, born in Frank- 
lin county, was a man of more than ordinary intel- 
ligence and executive ability, a worthy represents 
tive of the Scotch Irish Covenanters. He was tall, 
broad-shouldered, erect and possessed of great 
strength. He early engaged in buying and shipping 
wool, flour and pork; loading boats with (lour and 
wool at the mouth of Cross creek, and boating to 
New Orleans. Few people have any idea of the 
courage, endurance and strength required to make 
such a trip. There were no canals or railroads. 
The river was full of malaria, and the channels 
were not marked as now ; worse than this, he was 
compelled to guard against robbers and murderous 
savages — both white and red — on the return walk 
ing back. Mr. Houston made many trips of this 
kind, and was always successful. He had the con- 
fidence and respect of all. He was gentle and 
severe, firm and unchangeable when satisfied he 



was right ; he had a mind for equity, and was 
chosen executor and guardian by many of the best 
families, both alone and as an associate with oth- 
ers. The Rev. James I. Brownson informs us he 
knew Daniel when he (Rev. James I. Brownson) 
was a boy. He says: 'Daniel Houston was a man 
of strict integrity, possessed of great mental and 
physical strength, of a tine face and presence, 
Btrong in his likes and dislikes, a firm friend and 
generous to those worthy his confidence.' Daniel 
Houston and Dr. Brownson's father were friends, 
and were also administrators for the same estates. 
Daniel Houston was opposed to slavery and was, 
no doubt, connected with the underground railway, 
but he had his own views. Dr. Brownson asked 
him if he was going to the Abolitionist meeting at 
Pittsburgh; he said: No! he was in favor of colo 
nization. His religious views were the same as 
his ancestors, and he always adhered to the Seceder 
Church. At Houstonville a Seceder church was 
erected on a lot given by David Houston, his 
son, on the Daniel Houston farm. This church is 
still standing, in the possession of their son, Will 
iam B. Houston. Daniel Houston was one of the 
organizers of the old Franklin Bank of Washington, 
Penn , now known as the First National; was tin' 
largest stockholder, and at one time president of 
tin' bank. He was also a trustee of Jefferson Col- 
lege, Canonsburg. Daniel Houston was progres- 
sive and public-spirited. When the Chartiers Rail 
road was projected many years ago, Daniel Houston 
took great interest in it and subscribed some $0,(100 
to help put it through. The company that then 
had charge of the work failed, however, and the 
enterprise remained in a dormant condition for 
many years. Finally, the Pennsylvania Railroad 
Company offered to complete the road on condition 
(hat the people would take stock to the amount of 
$'251 » 000. D. C. Houston (son of Daniel) at once 
took hold of the project, subscribed liberally him- 
self, and worked untiringly to induce people to take 
stock and secure the road. Owing to his efforts 
and the confidence the people had in him, $87,000 
was secured. 

" Daniel Houston married Miss Betsey Clark, who 
was born on the old homestead farm of her father 
in Canton township, now owned by Samuel K. 
Weirick. She was a daughter of David and Han- 
nah Baird Clark [Baird was originally Bard, and 
was Scotch ]. David Clark was born near Mercers- 
burg, Franklin Co. , Penn., and was a son of James 
Clark and Nancy (Reed) Clark; they were of 
Sooth descent. James Clark was born in the North 
of Ireland, and came with his brother, Thomas, 
to Pennsylvania. Thomas settled in one of the 
Honthern States. James Clark was married in 
Lancaster county, Penn. Daniel Houston was a 
great reader, and while his early opportunities for 
obtaining an education were limited, he made the 

most of these opportunities and became a careful, 
safe and successful business man, and was univer- 
sally trusted and respected as an upright, honor- 
able man. Rev. David Riddle, president of Jef- 
ferson College (of which Daniel Houston was a 
prominent trustee), preached his funeral sermon, 
and in recounting his many sterling qualities as a 
friend, citizen, neighbor and business man, said : 
' You might as well try to move the Alleghany 
Mountain from its base as to shake the integrity 
of Daniel Houston.' Daniel Houston and wife, 
Betsey (Clark) Houston, had three children — one 
son and two daughters, David, the son, being the 
only survivor, the girls dying in childhood. 

" David Houston was born on the old farm of his 
father in Independence township, was educated in 
the common schools and at Jefferson College; in 
early life engaged in mercantile pursuits, but later 
retired from mercantile life and looked after 
the estate inherited from his father, who was 
a large landowner. For many years David 
Houston was a director in the First National 
Bink of Washington. He was a resident of Can 
onsburg at the time of his death, which occurred 
May 27, 1888, when he was in his seventy-third 
veu. He whs a public spirited, charitable, gener 
oils, whole-souled Christian gentleman, was active 
in his efforts to secure the location of the Chartiers 
Valley Railroad, and fo^ many years, and up to the 
time of his death, a trustee of Washington and 
Jefferson College, a trustee of Jefferson Academy, 
president of the Oak Spring Cemetery Company, 
and held other positions of trust. Mr. Houston 
and his father served continually as directors of 
the First National Bank of Washington, Penn., 
from its organization; and the discharge of their 
duties was marked by a regularity in attendance, 
by uniform courtesy to other members of the 
board and by a watchful care over the interests of 
the institution. The funeral services of Mr. 
David Houston were held in the Chartiers U. P. 
Church, of which he had for many years been an 
honored and worthy member. His liberality in 
the church and his charities to those in need are 
well known. No one in trouble or need appealed 
to him in vain. He was always ready with sym 
pathyand something more substantial when needed. 
In 1840 he married, at Washington, Penn., Miss 
Louisa Bell Sweitzor, who was born in Brownsville, 
Penn., a daughter of Dr. Louis Sweitzer, of Doyles- 
town, Bucks Co. , Penn., who graduated from a 
medical college in Paris, France. He and his 
wife had children as follows: William, who became 
associated with a dry-goods firm of Philadelphia, 
Penn. (he afterward went to California, where he 
engaged in the mercantile and real estate busi- 
ness on his own account, and in which he was 
successful; he contracted a fever, and while con- 
valescing started for Philadelphia, but died en 



route, and was buried at sea); Dr. Louis, Jr., who 
became a physician and practiced medicine at 
Claysville, Washington county; Alonza B., who, 
previous to his emigration to Gonzales, Tex., ac- 
quired the profession of law and medicine, after 
which he spent some time in the military academy 
at West Point and was classmate of Gen. U. S. 
Grant (he had been a member of the National Con- 
gress of Texas from the county in which he was a 
resident at the time of his death, and he enjoyed 
the undivided confidence and esteem of all who 
knew him; he died aged thirty-three years and 
some months); Mary A., who married Samuel 
Wise, of Vincennes, Ind. ; Elizabeth, who died 
young; Emma, who married, January 24, 183B, 
Col. Marmatel Boyle, a nephew of Gen. Boyle, of 
Kentucky (she was considered one of the most 
beautiful women of her day; they had two chil 
dren — one son who was a prominent judge, of 
Vincennes, Ind.); Cecelia L., who was married 
September 1'.', 1N37, to John Imbria, of New Castle, 
Penn., and they had two sons, prominent business 
men of Philadelphia, Penn. ; Louisa Bell, wife of 
David Houston; Harriet, who was married to John 
Vowell, of Washington, Penn; and two children: 
Louis Sweitzer Vowell, a druggist of Washington, 
Penn., and Bessie, wife of F. O. Graper, of To- 
ledo, Ohio. David Houston and wife had six 
children — three sons and three daughters: Miss 
Elizabeth, of Cauonsburg; Mary wife of Rev. W. 
F. Brown, D. D., also in Canonsbnrg; Louis 
Sweitzer, who died aged twenty-four years; Will 
iam Boyle, executor of the estate, Canons- 
burg; Harriet, who died unmarried aged twenty- 
two years, and Daniel, who died in childhood, 
aged three years. " Immediately after the death 
of Daniel Houston his son David took possesion 
of the farm, and in 1N71 divided a large portion of 
it into lots, which were soon sold, and now a thriv- 
ing town, named Houstonville, is seen, where a 
few years ago were cultivated fields. The remain- 
ing part of this farm is now in the possession of 
Mr. W. B. Houston, and thus continues to bear 
the family name. The first survey of lots of 
Houstonville, was made by Thomas H. Johnston, 
and the first house was built by Mr. A. T. Haft in 

JAMES GIBSON HART, the subject of this 
sketch, was born January 2, 1807, on Muddy 
run, Adams Co., Penn. Looking back from 
that date, beyond three generations, history 
holds closed doors to the chronicler of all, or 
any, of the manners, customs, sayings, doings, 
facial expressions, or physical build, of that branch 
of the Hart family who subsequently settled in 
Somerset township, Washington Co., Penn. ; and 
within that limit, indeed, held open doors only, to 

deal out material scantily that only the ground 
timbers of a history have been vouchsafed to future 
generations. Therefore, very little is known, save 
that Nathaniel Hart (1), tired of the thraldom and 
despotic rule of kings and queens, and notwith- 
standing Columbia was then in her infancy, yet, 
rocked in the same cradle, was the Goddess of 
Liberty and Freedom, the vital principles of future 
America, the very pulse of the young nation, and 
while at that period there could be no conception 
of the magnitude of the benefits and blessings that 
was to be unfolded to a future people, yet he saw 
with a prophetic eye the glorious privileges of In- 
dependence in the land of the free, and said: 
"Their land shall he my land, their God my God." 
Consequently, in about 1730, he sailed from fair 
Scotia's shores to the fairer shores of America. 

His journey ended when he pitched his tent on 
Muddy run, Adams Co., Penn. Nothing is fur- 
ther known of his family, except two sons, Nathan 
iel (2) and Micah. The last named afterward set 
tied rrear Norwich, Ohio (date not known). In 
171)9 Nathaniel Hart (2) married Margaret Mon 
teith, and lived on Muddy run, Adams county, 
Penn. In that home were born four children: 
David, in 1770; Jane, in 1773; Margaret, iir 1782; 
Mary, irr 1785. Of these, Jane married John 
Kerr, lived and died near Gettysburg, and had 
four children. Margaret married Nathaniel Pax- 
ton, in 1804, and removed to Somerset township, 
Washington Co., Penn., in 1812. The numerous 
Paxton families throughout the northern part of 
Washington county, Penn., and parts of Ohio, are 
descendants of Nathaniel and Margaret (Hart) 
Paxton. Mary came with her sister Margaret in 
L812; in 18 — she married Smith McCollough, of 
Pigeon Creek. But to return to Nathaniel Hart 
(2). He died in 1787, on Muddy run, Adams 
county; his wife, Margaret (Monteith) Hart, died 
in 1785, Leaving the fourchildren, orphans. When 
David was eleven years of age he assumed the 
entire management of the homestead, and cared as 
a father for his three sisters. He married Sarah 
Paxton (sister of the above-spoken of Nathaniel), 
still remaining on Muddy rim until the spring of 
1807, when he and his estimable wife, feeling the 
advantages and future welfare of their family de- 
manded removal farther west, sundered the strong 
ties that bound them to their childhood's home, 
and when James Gibson, their third child and the 
subject of this sketch, was seven weeks old, started 
on their joUrney, coming through on horseback, 
and arriving in Somerset township, Washington 
Co., Penn., about the 1st of April, tire doors of 
their dwelling being all under water the night they 
arrived. In this home they lived and died. Six 
children were added to their family after removal 
to Washington county, making nine by first mar 
riage as follows: Andrew, born in Adams county, 

t y 




in 1803, died in Canonsburg, Washington county, 
August, 1861; Jane, born in Adams county, 1805, 
married Henry Newkirk, removed to Ohio, died in 
IS — ; James Gibson (our subject), born January 
2, 1807, the last child bom in Adams county; 
David, the first child born in the new borne, in 
1809, died in Ashland county, Ohio, March 30, 
1872; Maria Hart Fergus, born in 1811, died in 
Washington Jauuary 30, 1888; William, the 
youngest son by first marriage, born 1819, is still 
living iu the eastern part of Washington county, 
Penn. (Dates of birth and death of the remaining 
three of the nine are not known to the writer). 
But just when youth was buoyant with hope, and 
life replete with bright promises, death claimed 
their two sons, John and Paxton, and daughter 
Sarah. It was then the father was made to feel 
deeply that " In sorrow'scup flash.»i| bitter wines," 
and that his " House was left unto him desolate," 
as about the same time his wife was taken from 
him, dying in 18 — . In 18 — he married Mrs. 
Margery Butler, to whom were born three chil 
dren: Margaret Hart Ken, who resides in Monon 
gahela, Penn.; Eliza Hart Hosae, living in Scenery 
Hill, Penn., and Dunning Hart, the present owner 
of Lowland Stock Farm, Washington county, 
Penn. He too was left, as was his father, at the 
age of sixteen, the care of his mother and two sis 
ters, his father dying October 1, 1852. His second 
wife, Margery, died January 2, 1871, and, now, after 
these long years, the writer feels prompted to add 
a few words to his memory, not to eulogize, bnl 
simple unvarnished truths. He was a man of no 
(inordinary intellect, a thorough Bible scholar, his 
character unimpeachable, distinguished for up- 
rightness and sterling integrity; he had an indom- 
itable will, a characteristic inherited from the 
Scotch Irish race, and which has been transmitted 
all along the line, neither friend nor foe could 
swerve him from what he considered the line of 
duty; yet allied to this unyielding will was a keen 
discriminating judgment, and soundness of decis- 
ion, generous, gentle and kind, traits that made 
him a safe counselor and guide, and secured for 
him the esteem and confidence of an extended 
community. In short, he was a just man who 
feared God and wrought righteousness, and was 
eminently useful in his day and generation, both 
in the church and in the world. 

This brings us to James G. Hart, the subject 
proper of our sketch, who, as before said, became a 
resident of Washington county, Penn., from Adams 
county, in the spring of 1807, when he was seven 
weeks old. He remained in the home nest until 
eighteen years of age, when self-reliance (the 
strongly marked trait of his character) asserted 
itself, and he determined by energy and industry 
to be self-sustaining, and provide a resting place 
for old age; consequently he engaged with Robert 

Moore to learn -the trade of carder and fuller. 
Having finished his trade, he started in business 
for himself, in West Pike Run township, Wash 
ington Co., Penn., manufacturing goods of dif- 
ferent kinds and grades. He was always awarded 
the first premium for the extra quality and texture 
of his broadcloths, and other goods put Oil exhibition 
at what was then known as the " Cattle Show," 
at Washington, now our Agricultural Fair, and 
he manufactured the tirst piece of broadcloth ever 
exhibited at a Washington county fair. 

In 1831 he married Isabel] Moffitt, still living, 
and following his trade in West Pike Run town- 
ship until, 1838, he removed to Centreville, a vil 
lage six miles west of Brownsville, where he 
engaged in the dry goods business. His wife 
[sabell died in 1S40, leaving four children, as fol 
lows: David Moffitt, their eldest son, with his 
family resides at this time in Brownsville, Fayette 
Co., Penn., was married twice; his first wife, Miss 
Pera Rex; his present wife, Miss Pissa S. Wilgus. 
Maj. James 1'. Hart, his second son, married Miss 
Lide J. Aiken, of Washington, Penn.; was treas- 
urer of Washington county in 1868 and 1869; he 
with his family reside in Washington, D. C. Liz 
zie J., the only daughter by this marriage, mar 
ried Chauncey R. Dever; they, and their only 
child, James Hart Dever (the tirst grandchild), 
are living in Washington, Penn. John T., the 
youngest child, died while in the army at Cumber- 
land, Md., April 27, 1864 In 1842 he married 
Margery Gregg, by whom were six children; he 
pursued the dry-goods business successfully until 
1848, when, feeling that the future welfare of his 
family demanded an extension of his lines, he, when 
his sixthson, Brit Hart, was seven weeks old (same 
age as he himself was when he came from Adams 
county), removed to a farm in West Bethlehem 
township, one mile from what was then Hillsboro, 
now Scenery Hill. 

He took a deep interest in the questions and 
political issues of the day. His own community 
ever found him an ardent friend and benefactor to 
all worthy objects, a strong advocate of education; 
but his "pet" was the common-school system, 
and he zealously fed and nurtured its growth and 
improvement in his county. It was years ago that, 
when the president of the board of directors 
(teachers being sent to him to be examined), 
knowing his unfitness, he with others conceived 
and agitated the question not only of teachers be- 
ing examined by a county superintendent, but 
proposed other measures for the improvement of 
the system. He eagerly watched its life and 
growth, and hailed with pleasure the advancement 
and stage of perfection it had attained in his day. 

Politically, in the beginning he was an Old line 
Whig; in the turning of the wheel a stanch Re- 
publican; and was chairman of the tirst committee 



that met in Washington, to organize the Repub- 
lican party. He was, in 1850, elected associate 
juilge, with Jacob Slagle aH colleague, and was re- 
elected in 1861 with Hubert Dinsniore as colleague. 
It was due to the suggestions and efforts of Slagle 
and himself that the barbarous custom of with- 
holding food from jurors, until their decision was 
given, was done away with; they looked not only 
upon the cruelty, but the desecration of principle 
as well. He was a devoted friend to the soldier 
and his cause, giving aid and comfort when and 
where he could. But the crowning efforts of his 
life was in his sacrifices, counsels anil life work for 
his family. In that relation he lived exalted from 
the unwavering confidence reposed in him by his 
own children. They knew beyond a doubt that 
he in all things lived a life that was above a shadow 
of suspicion. In the dark hours of sorrow and 
affliction he was their Anchor, and when their 
Life boat seemed to be almost engulfed by the 
grim waves of death dashing against it, and though 
tempest-tossed himself, yet he was thestay, strength 
and comfort of his chil hen. He gave to them that 
restful feeling, that, if " Father is at the helm all 
will be well " so far as an earthly hand can do. 
Death came so often, and took from him some 
loved one. His second wife, Margery, died June 2, 
1855, leaving six children. Her youngest child, 
Ard, died October 1, 1856. Soon tin- death-cloudthat 
before had darkened the home of his father, David, 
rose again and settled with sombre gloom over his 
own home, by taking two sons, Thomas and 
Samuel, and daughter, Sarah, to the spirit land, 
just when life was sweetest, leaving only two sur- 
viving children by his second marriage: Hon. 
Brit Hart, who in December, 1IS74, married Miss 
1'riscilla D. Lacock, of Scenery Hill, Washington 
Co., Penu., and who was, in 1884, elected to the 
_ Legislature; and sister Annie E., who, in October, 
1872, married Thomas Ross (they both witli their 
families now reside in Washington, Penn.). Mrs. 
.lane B. Hopkins, of Brownsville, Fayette Co., 
Perm., his third wife, died in March, 1890. In clos- 
ing this sketch of the life of James G. Hart, no more 
fitting tribute can be offered to his memory than 
that "'As the father so the son," a Christian firmly 
adhering to the Calvanistic faith, a man of unblem- 
ished character. Firm and unyielding, though 
not without charity, the promptings of duty al- 
ways found him sure and steadfast, of sound 
judgment ami decision. After a long lingering ill- 
ness, which was borne without a murmur, he closed 
an active and useful life July 5, 1885. 

The war record of the Hart family, who served 
in the war waged against secession and slavery is 
as follows: Two sons of David Hart (2); William, 
who served in an Ohio regiment; Dunning, his 
youngest, who served in the One Hundred and 
Fortieth P. V. I., was wounded at the battle of 

Gettysburg. William's two sous, Emmet and 
Leander, the latter losing his life at Averill's raid. 
Andrew's son, David, of Canonsburg, a member 
of Company A, Ringgold Cavalry, was wounded in 
an engagement at Cedar Springs, Md. James G., 
two sons: Maj. James P. Hart, of Washington, D. 
C. , captain of Company A, Ringgold's Cavalry, 
afterward promoted to major, and John T. Hart, 
member of same company, who died in Cumber- 
land, Md., April 27, 18(54. David Hart, Jr., of 
Savannah, Ohio, was a member of the Twenty 
third Regiment Ohio Volunteers. 

THE SHARP FAMILY. In the year 17.49 
William and Mary Sharp, of Scotch Irish 
ancestry, left their native land to seek a 
home in the New World. They first located 
in the State of South Carolina, where their 
son Isaac was born April 13, 1750, and the family 
afterward moved to Virginia. 

Isaac Sharp remained with his parents until 
after attaining his majority, and then left the pa- 
ternal roof, coming to Greene county, PeDn. He 
located near Waynesburgh, following surveying 
and school teaching. In those days wild hogs, 
deer, turkeys and bears roamed the forests; and 
ninny times the young pioneer stealthily crept past 
bruin, who was enjoying a feast of young pork, 
fearing that he might relish a human morsel as 
dessert. About the year 1777 he was united in 
marriage with Mary Woolverton, who was born 
April 22, 1761, daughter of John and Abigail 
Woolverton. In the year he was married Isaac 
Sharp took the following oath: " I do hereby cer- 
tify that Isaac Sharp hath taken and subscribed 
the oath or affirmation of allegiance and fidelity, as 
directed by an Act of General Assembly, intituled: 
'An Act to oblige the free male inhabitants of this 
State, above a certain age, to give assurance of al 
legiance to the same, and for other purposes.' 
Witness my hand and seal this 13th day of Sep- 
tember, 1777. John Morrow.'' The following let- 
ter, written in 1776, is yet preserved as a souvenir: 

My dear and affectionate sen, I am glad to inform 
yen we ure in good health at present, blessed lie God for 
His unspeakable layers. Hoping with all sincerity and 
ardent affection, you are in the same healthful condition. 
I received a letter from you this day dated October 2Ti 
(eleven months after), which gave me much satisfaction 
te hear of your bodily health, and it the more added to my 
joy to hear that you are still teaching school. I >ear child, 
consider well, that while you are employed for your 
bodily support, see that your mind be employed for the 
welfare of your soul ;f or if we should gain the whole world, 
and lose our souls, what advantageth it us? Neither be ye 
conformed to this world, hut lie ye transformed bj the 
renewing of your minds, that you may kmrw what is the 
will of God concerning yen. Abstain from all evil com- 
pany, lest you he partakers of their evil deeds. Seek lirst 
i he kingdom of (led and His righteousness, and all other 
things shall beadded unto you Keep yourself, mj dear 



child, unspotted from the world. You know my advice 
tn you when we last parted, concerning these associa- 
tions, which I expect you to keep in obedience to me, us 
you may readily conclude, I would in no wise advise you 
to your hurt. VVe are talking of goingto South Carolina 
again next spring. John's son John, who lives there was 
here, but I hardly think we will go. Be sure to mis^ no 
opportunity of writing to me. 1 would be glad to see 
you, and having nothing more to write, I remain your 
affectionate mother. 

Isaac and Mary (Woolverton) Sharp settled on 
McNarlin's run, about three miles northwest of 
Waynesburgb, Penn., where seven sons and six 
daughters were born to them: John, born in 1779; 
Thomas, born in 1781; Abigail (Mrs. John Knight), 
born in 1783; Mary (wife of William Sharon), 
born in 1786; Rachel (married to David Cougar), 
born in 1788; William, born in 1790; Isaac, born 
in 1702; Rebecca (wife of Ephraim Coruin), born 
in 1794; Margaret (Mrs. Thomas Largely), born in 
1796; Darby Woolverton (deceased in 1807), born 
in 1798; Zachariah, born in 1800; Bittia (Mrs. 
Samuel Smith), born in 1802; andManaen, born in 
1805. | The above dates are taken from a Bible 
published in 1793, the property of the father of 
these children.] Isaac Sharp was a man of modi 
um size, fair complexion and thin features. He was 
a pioneer school teacher by profession, being known 
throughout the country as "Old Master Sharp." 
Much of his life was spent in surveying, behaving 
been among the first to own the necessary instru 
ments and follow that vocation in Washington 
county. In his chosen work he bad a rare op- 
portunity to judge of the value of vacant lands, 
and wealth was within bis grasp had he but seized 
it in time. He entered into an agreement with 
one Timothy Ross to make surveys, Ross promising 
to furnish the money to secure the patents. Their 
united efforts gave fair promise of success, but 
just at the critical point Mr. Sharp unfortunately 
yielded to an old weakness, and became a victim to 
the use of strong drink. This proved fatal to 
their enterprise, for, although in the main a tem- 
perate man, lie was addicted to a periodical habit, 
and while in the power of its grasp another made 
use of his lost opportunity. Although weak in this 
respect, Isaac Sharp was an intelligent man, and 
the affection of his children is evident from the 
fact that each of those who have had sons of their 
own have named oue in memory of their father. 
He died in October, 1830, and was buried in the 
old cemetery at Waynesburgb, by the side of his 
wife, who had preceded him August 20, 1822, in 
her sixty-first year. 

Of the sons born to Isaac and Mary Sharp, as 
above mentioned, the following is a brief record: 
John and his wife (Elizabeth) passed their lives in 
Ohio; Thomas and bis wife (Unity) were early set- 
tlers of Ohio, where they reared a large family 
(be was justice of the peace); William and Ruth 
moved West; Isaac was married to Eliza Nailor, 

who bore him seven children, namely: John, 
William, Isaac H , Rebecca, Mary J., Rachel and 
Maria (the parents resided in Millsborough, Penn. , 
where the father followed the hatter's trade; he 
was a sound logician, and in politics a Democrat); 
Manaen was a tanner by trade, and passed his life 
in Indiana (one of his children was drowned in a 
tan vat); he died at the age of thirty years. 

Zachariah Sharp, the fourth son of Isaac and 
Mary (Woolverton) Sharp, was born near Waynes 
burgh, Greene Co. , Penn. When eighteen years of 
age he became an apprentice to oue William Hart 
ford, a blacksmith of Fredericktown, Washington 
Co., Penn., serving his full time, and afterward 
working a few months for wages. After leaving 
his employer the young man began business for 
himself and erected a small shop near Curry's run, 
Carter's creek. A few months later he was 
wedded to Elizabeth, only daughter of Jacob and 
Elizabeth Yoder, residents of Fredericktown. The 
parents were Germans, and called themselves 
Pennsylvania Dutch. The father was a skilled 
potter. Mr. and Mrs. Sharp resided on Carter's 
creek about four years after their marriage, then 
moved to the village of Amity, Penn., where he 
followed his trade for many years with untiring 
industry, also teaching many young men in the 
trade. In those days everything had to be made 
in a slow and laborious fashion, the sickle and 
broad hoe being pounded out in the same way as 
the tiniest nail. In those days a person who 
brought a young horse to be shod for the first 
time was expected to meet his social obligations in 
a rather peculiar but most suggestive manner. A 
quart bottle of whisky, called the "colt's tail," 
was brought by the owner of the animal, and 
when the horse was shod the men were " switched 
in the face " by their favorite beverage — a pioneer 
observance of the modern "treating" custom now 
in vogue among different social circles. Zachariah 
Sharp finally abandoned the blacksmith's trade and 
became one of the leading country merchants of 
the community, afterward adding a small farm 
and several tenant houses to his store. Business 
prospered for a time, but the constant confinement 
was more than he could endure, and he began to 
long for a change. In 1855 certain mill property 
depreciated in value and Mr. Sharp incurred a 
heavy expense in its purchase. He attempted to 
repair and manage the old mill, but times were 
hard, money was scarce and interest was high, and 
soon, in this unfortunate experiment, the savings 
of many years had vanished like a mist before the 
sun. He was a total abstainer, positive in opinions, 
and usually following his own counsel. In politics 
he was a Whig, an ardent advocate of protective 
tariff and a warm admirer of Henry Clay, also fa- 
voring the United States Bank. Although never as 
piling to political honors, he was nominally the 



postmaster for many years, the actual incumbenl 
being a maiden lady, to whom he gave all the pro 
ceeds. He was an admirer of Jack Downing' s 
letters, was fond of reading (owning a good library), 
and. like his relations, was a great hunter and a 
very skillful marksman. In religiou he worshiped 
with the Presbyterian denomination, but was very 
liberal in his views. After an illness of but three 
days' duration he was called to rest from the la- 
bors of a long and busy life on September 1'.', 
1874, in his seventy-fourth year. Mrs. Sharp was 
a kind and industrious companion, an affectionate 
arid true mother, a zealous and devoted Christian. 
Possessing a cheerful, trusting disposition, that 
person was vile indeed for whom she could find no 
word of praise. After months of severe pain, 
caused by a fall, she passed over the river October 
14, 1881, in her seventy-eighth year. Of the chil- 
dren of this family, the following is a brief record: 

Mary Ann waB born in June, 1N24, near Car- 
ters creek, Penn., aud remained at home until 
the others had all left the paternal roof. She was 
then married to James Hughes, of Amity, this 
county, who died some years ago, and the widow 
is now residing near Washington borough with 
her brother Manaen. She has been a very active 
member of the Presbyterian Church for many years, 
and is now sixty-nine years of age. 

William Woolverton Sharp was born January 16, 
1826, in the old village in this county, where lie 
grew to manhood. He was a fair scholar, fond 
of reading, and his penmanship was remarkably 
clear ami graceful. He taught school during the 
winter months, attending college in the summer 
season, and reading medicine with Dr. Matthew 
Clark. In 1847 he was married to a Miss Margaret 
Sharp, of Washington county (who was uo relation 
to his family). He died several years ago, and 
the obituary, written by his friend and comrade, 
James P. Sayer, reads thus: 

Dr. Sharp occupied a high position in his profession, 
his apt mechanical ability enabling him to perform diffi- 
cnlt surgical operations with ease. In the sick room he 
was prompt and careful. In September, ist>:2, when the 
war cloud was darkest, he was commissioned as assistant 
surgeon of the One Hundred and Fortieth P. V. I. In 
March, L864, lie was promoted to surgeon of the 
Eighteenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Cavalry, with the 
rank <>l major. His arduous duties in the campaigns of 
|si;i 65 told rapidly on his health and physical strength. 
lie resigned his commission in March, 1865, and Bought 
the quiet of home. Partially recovering his health, he 
resumed the practice of medicine at Amity, this county, 
where he continued to reside until his death. During 
tin' year 1858 the Doctor made a public profession of his 

faith in Christ, and united with the people of God. His 

special work was in the Sunday scl Land his natural 

abilitj to illustrate the lesson with blackboard exercises 
was truly wonderful. We predict the impressions made 
upon youthful minds by his crayon work will outlast the 
argumentative and impassioned appeals id' those who 

tailed to use the simpler methods that are -t effective. 

In his business as well as in his professional and religious 

work, he was a man of method, lie did nothing carelessly, 
and in his work there was no room for rubbish. Henever 
fully recovered his health alter bis return from the army, 
and during the winter of 1882 83 he contracted a heavj 
cold, which settled on his lungs. No man ever made a 
more methodical and determined resistance to disease 
than did he during the spring and early part of summer. 
fighting it inch by inch with Christian fortitude, lie 
left no remedy untried to regain his strength, yet when 
he knew further resistance was futile, he net death only 
as a true ( thristian can. confident of his trust in God, and 
having met he found rest, leaving bright testimony for 
the encouragement of those whom he loved. In tin- quiet 
of the closing hours of Sabbath, August 5, lss:i, his com- 
rades with whom he had mingled in war ami in peace, in 
the presence of the bereaved family and friends, laid him 
to rest in the old churchyard, where his body shall rest 
until in response to his dying invitation, the loved ones 
shall meet him in the morning in the presence of Cod. 

He left a wife and seven children, namely: 
George W , Mary E., Jacob R , William H. P., 
James B., Emma B. and Isabel. 

Jacob Yoder Sharp, son of Zachariah and Eliz- 
abeth (Yoder) Sharp, was born July 16, 1828, on 
the old homestead, this county. Although named 
for his maternal grandfather, he resembled his 
grandfather Sharp in personal appearance, having 
a fair complexion and slender form. He was a 
diligent student and was ranked with older pupils, 
but his strength was too frail to support the brill- 
iant mind, and brain fever resulted from too in- 
tense application. He died in his fourteenth 
year, in 1842, leaving the memory of a dutiful, af- 
! fectionate son, and a pure-hearted youth, of whom 
! no praise could be truthfully termed an exagger- 

Isaac Sharp (namesake of his grandfather, who 
died sooii after the birth of this grandchild) was 
born December 16, 1830, in Amity, Amwell town- 
ship, this county. An amusing anecdote is told 
of his birthplace, and transpired at the time of his 
birth: A Mr. Dow was lying next to the roof in a 
certain house of Amity, just recovering from the 
effects of an oversupply of intoxicating beverages. 
Suddenly a gust of wind lifted the roof from above 
him, when the inebriated gentleman was heard to 
observe: "That's right, good Lord, scourge 
Amity but save Dow, he's only a boarder." Years 
afterward, while visiting in Charleston, 111. , 
Isaac Sharp met a Mrs. Wright who had known 
him in infancy. She described him at that period 
of existence as a " horribly ugly baby,'' but com 
plimented him on having at last become a more 
comely specimen of humanity. In boyhood he 
was bashful among older people, hut his mother 
used to say that Isaac was the most troublesome 
of all her mischievous children. In early life ho 
learned the tanner's trade, following that business 
in Amity, Penn. On March 5, 1851, he was mar- 
ried to Lavina (daughter of Abner and Mary Bane), 
who bore him three children: Mary Flora (mat 
ried to James P. Sayer), Lindley Bane (married 



t<> Grace Walters) and Lizzie Ann (deceased at the 
age of six months). 

In August, 1862, Isaac Sharp enlisted as a vol- 
unteer in Company D, One Hundred and Fortieth 
P. V. I. The first duty of this regiment was to 
guard the North Central Railroad wist of Balti 
more, and in December, 18(32, it was ordered to 
join the army of the Potomac. On December 20 
they arrived at Falmouth, just too late to partici- 
pate in the battle of Frederieksburgh. From the 
time of his enlistment until the latter part of 
March, 1863, Isaac Sharp never missed a roll call 
or failed in duty, though often detailed for picket 
duty (a most arduous task in freezing weather). In 
March he had a severe attack of erysipelas, which 
disabled him until May 1, when he shouldered his 
traps and joined in the march to Chaucellorsville. 
Wearied ami worn, they arrived on the field at 
9 r. m., on the evening of the third day of the 
month, and the next morning they took an ad- 
vanced position facing toward Fredericksburg. At 
this point ;i dispute arose between the leading gen- 
erals. Hooker had given repeated orders to Couch 
to fall back, but the advantages of the position 
were so apparent that Hancock and Warren both 
advised Couch to stand his ground. Warren went 
to Hookor and explained the matter, which result- 
ed in an order issued at 2 p. M. for Couch to hold 
the position till 5 o'clock. But Couch had begun 
his retreat, and said: "Tell Gen. Hooker he is 
too late, the enemy is now on my right and rear, 
and I am in full retreat." The regiment moved to 
a position to the left of the former place, and there 
passed the night in range of the enemy's batteries. 
The Confederates kept up a constant fire, but the 
Unionists were on too high ground, and before an 
attack could be made had again moved. While 
making coffee at the Chancellor House, they were 
ordered out on double quick to repel an attack 
made where the Wilderness road turns down the 
hill. After this they were moved to the left brow 
of the hill, facing the river, and began throwing up 
trenches. Meantime a terrible artillery engage- 
ment was being waged, of which the following is 
an accurate description given by Capt. C. L, Lin 
ton, commanding: 

What wild eyes and blanched faces there were when 
tin' shells and solid shot came in from the right and rear 
of us! Orders coming to "about face, left In front," we 
advanced to the plank road in rear of the Chancellor 
House to sunport a battery. The. Fifth Maine had opened 
fire, to which the enemy replied so rapidly and accurately 
that almost all the horses and men were killed or wounded. 
Only two of the artillerists remained at their posts. While 
there the Chancellor House was seen to be on fire, a detail 
from Company F was made to remove the wounded there- 
from. All this time the shot and shell were coming so 
thick and fast that it seemed one could not take his nose 
from the dirt lest he would have his head blown off. A 
call for volunteers was made to save the guns of the 
Fifth Maine battery. Upon looking back, whom should 
we see but our division and brigade commanders, Gen. 

\V. s. Hancock and Gen. Nelson A. Miles. A moment 
later came our corps commander, hat in hand, and hair 
streaming in the breeze. The call for volunteers was re 
sponded to by a rush from Company I), and a few from 
one or two other companies, through the concentrated 
lire of thirty gains, into a storm of shol and shell, in the 
face of Jackson's men infused with victory, and saved 
every gun. Myself and Corporal I. Sharp in the rush, 
both grasped the limber of one of the guns at the same 

time and on either side. With superior effort we succ 1 

ed in raising it a few inches from the ground, when a 
solid shot "i' Bhell passed between us and under the line 
ber. At that instant Sharp gave down, ami 1 thought lie 
was done for, but was rejoiced when Corporal Saver and 
others lay hold to see him straighten up again, lie had 
let down on account of the immense weight we were lift- 
ing. A corporal of the battery procured a rope, and we 
soon had the gun moving from the scene of action. The 
force attached was not sufficient to make last time. Try 

as we did, we Btuck once or twice when running against 

dead horses. 

Not having fully recovered from former sick- 
ness, over exertion brought on disease, and after 
remaining in the regiment a few weeks, Isaac 
Sharp was sent to the general hospitals at Colum- 
bia, D. C, Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia and Pitts 
burgh. On June 1, 1864, he was discharged from 
the service, on account of physical disability. On 
his return home he found the tannery closed, and 
unable to engage in physical labor followed mer- 
cantile life, removing in 1871 to Washington bor- 
ough, Penn., where he is yet living surrounded by 
numerous friends. His character is best illus- 
trated by the history of his life, and his aspira 
tions are fitly expressed in his own words: ''My 
life may not have been entirely void of some good. 
Be that as it may, it is of small importance to me, 
if at last my omissions and commissions are can- 
celled and a clear title to the mansious of glory 
given me.'' 

Cephas Dodd Sharp, son of Zachariah and 
Elizabeth (Yoder) Sharp, was born June 21, 1834, 
in the old stone house at Amity, this county. 
When a young man he came to Washington, Penn., 
working as a clerk until the war opened, when, 
fired with patriotic ardor, he bade farewell to his 
affianced and laid aside the vocations of peace for 
the panoply of war. He was among the first to 
volunteer for the three months' service, and en- 
listed in Company E (commanded by N. Magiffin). 
For a time they were employed in guarding rail- 
roads, and then he returned home with zeal damp- 
ened by the harsh experiences of field life. But 
he possessed the true spirit of a warrior, and in 
1862, with several friends, once more volunteered 
his services. This time he enlisted in Company 
D, One Hundred and Fortieth P. V. I. , and par- 
ticipated in the engagements of that regiment 
until his death. He was in the battle of Chan- 
cellorsville, and was one of the martyrs who fell at 
bloody Gettysburg. On July 2, 1863, he joined 
in that desperate charge across the wheat fields 
which cost so many lives. A bullet passed 



through both of his thighs, ami at the same in- 
stant another lodged in one of his knees, thelatter 
[•roving fatal. He fell and soon after received 
another terrible shot which paralyzed him for a 
time. Regaining consciousness, he supposed a 
hall had passed through his breast, lint found a 
tninie-ball deeply imbedded in the pocket Bible 
which wascarried in his breast pocket. Night threw 
her mantle over the bloody tragedy as the dying sol 
dier lay where he fell among the others. Listening, 
he heard the familiar voice of Bedan Beboiit in 
prayer. He spoke, and they succeeded in dragging 
their bodies together. Isaac Lacock and Charles 
Cunningham, also wounded, heard the conversa- 
tion and joined the group. Slowly, painfully, the 
night passed on, and morning found them helpless 
in the hands of the enemy. They hired rebel sol- 
diers to carry them to a place of greater security, 
and at midnight on July 5, were found in a Mr. 
Cunningham's barnyard. Lacock and Cunning 
ham survived, and Bebout and Cephas were soon 
freed from pain. The last words uttered by 
Cephas were: "Oh, God, cut me loose, let me go." 
The Bible and bullets are kept as sacred relics of 
that terrible night by his brother Manaen Sharp. 

Manaen Sharp was born October 22, 1837, in 
Amity, this county, and in childhood was an inde- 
pendent, rather self willed boy, but very careless 
in dress. One suspender was as good as two in 
his estimation, misplaced buttons were forgotten, 
and his boots were soon run down at the heel — in 
short, he was an original character. He was so 
fond of hunting that his older brothers gave him 
the nickname of ' Nimrod." On one occasion he 
caught a live rabbit, and notifying the boys to 
bring their dogs, prepared to have an exciting 
chase. Each boy held a dog, while Manaen with 
his rabbit advanced some distance, then freeing 
the animal, gave chase, the other boys and dogs" 
following with pandemoniac yells and whoops, and 
the chase was on. It was brought, to a speedy aud 
unexpected terminus — a large bulldog that had 
never seen a rabbit joined in the chase, but he was 
in pursuit of higher game, and catching the young 
leader by the leg, gave him a lasting souvenir of 
that rabbit chase, which the "Squire" carries to 
the present day. The official title of " squire " 
was bestowed upon him during an election, when 
the boys held a juvenile "congress" in a tailor 
shop, and a journeyman tailor coming in just as 
the returns were made out, published the story. 

On April 8, 1858, Manaen Sharp was united in 
marriage with Sarah A. Bebout, who has borne him 
three children: James N. (married to Sarah Ellen 
Dagg), Ada (Mrs. George McCollum) and Annie 
(at home). After his marriage Mr. Sharp farmed 
for a time, and in 1861 enlisted in Company B 
(M. Zollars, Capt.), Eighty Fifth P. V. I., Joshua 

B. Howell, commanding. During the winter of 
1861—62 the regiment was quartered at Fort Good 
Hope, Washington, D. C. He took part in the 
siege of Yorktown, and the battle of Williamsburgh, 
and in September, 18G2, was discharged at Phila- 
delphia on account of disability. Returning home 
he entered mercantile life, carrying on business 
successively in Amity, Beallsville.Amity and Wash- 
ington. He has prospered in business life, having 
overcome the careless habits of boyhood, and is 
now carrying on a furniture establishment in 
Washington, Penn., with his son James N. , as 
junior partner. In 1856 Manaen Sharp united 
with the M. P. Church, of Amity, Penn., with 
which liis family is also connected. He is a mem 
ber of the G. A. R., and in politics was formerly 
a Republican, but is now voting the Prohibition 
ticket, aud has been nominated for Assembly, also 
as county treasurer. He owns a handsome brick 
dwelling, equipped with all modern improvements, 
situated just north of Washington borough. 

Elizabeth Jane Sharp, daughter of Zachariah 
and Elizabeth (Yoder) Sharp, was born in 1840, 
in Amity, this county. In early womanhood she 
became the bride of James A. Bebout. Her hus- 
band enlisted in Company D, One Hundred and 
Fortieth P. V. I., aud was killed July 2, 1863, at 
Gettysburg, in the charge across the wheat field, 
and no one knows his burial place. The heart- 
broken widow toiled for herself and two little ones 
until they were old enough to care for themselves, 
when her strength gave way, the needle fell from 
the nerveless hands, aud she died a victim of con- 
sumption. She was a true Christian, modest and 
retiring in disposition, aud deeply mourned by her 

Nancy Maria Sharp, daughter of Zachariah and 
Elizabeth (Yoder) Sharp, was born in January, 
1843, and in early life gave her hand and heart to 
William Kelley, the village blacksmith. He fol- 
lowed his trade in Amity for several years after their 
marriage, then moved to a small farm situated on 
the line between Washington and Greene counties. 
They have had eight children. 

Zachariah D., youngest son of Zachariah aud 
Elizabeth (Yoder) Sharp, was born April 1 1. 1845, 
in Amity, this county. In January, 1872, he was 
married to Paulina Gaus, who has borne him two 
daughters: Lillian and Elizabeth. After his mar 
riage Mr. Sharp traded in country produce for 
some years, then moved to Washington, Penn., and 
engaged in the lumber business, also running a 
planing-mill. In religion he is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church, of which he was formerly an 
elder, and in politics is a supporter of the prin- 
ciples advocated by the Prohibition party. In 
personal appearance he is of a dark complexion 
and a slender form. 



DR. JOHN B. DONALDSON, a physician 
I of Caaonsburg, is a descendant of David 
' Donaldson (I), who lived in County An- 
trim, Ireland (near Castle O'Neil), until 
June 6, 1771, when, with his son David (II), he 
sailed for America, ;iud settled in Cecil county, 
Md. In 1792 David (II) moved to Washington 
county, Peun., where the family has since re- 
sided. He was the father of eleven children — 
eight girls and three boys — Robert, David (III) 
and William. The latter moved to Allegheny 
county, Penn., and died there in 1803. He had 
three sous: Hsnry, William and David (IV), the 
latter of whom was the father of the subject of this 

David Donaldson was born in Allegheny county, 
Penn., and coming to Washington county, attended 
Jefferson College, Canonsburg, graduating in 
1845. He began to practice his profession in 
West Virginia, and then moved to Allegheny 
county. He was married to Ellen, daughter of 
John Boyce, who died in 1884, aged seventy-live 
years. To David and Ellen Donaldson five chil 
dren were bora, viz.: John B. , Auuie M., Ulysses, 
Robert and Harry. After their marriage, the 
parents resided in Allegheny, thence moving to 
Bridgeville, where the father died of heart disease 
November 20, 1883, while in a buggy, on his way 
to visit a patient. The wife and mother had died 
in 1872 of typhoid fever. The father was an 
active Republican in politics; in church matters he 
and his wife were Presbyterians. 

Dr. John B. Donaldson was born in August, 
1848, in Marshall county, W. Va. His early edu- 
cation was obtained in the common schools, and 
he afterward attended the old Bethel Academy in 
Allegheny county. He then read medicine with 
his father for some time, and in 1872 graduated 
from the Cleveland Medical College. He com- 
menced practicing at Pittsburgh, Allegheny county, 
where he remained for one year, then moved to 
Bridgeville, and in 1878 settled in Canonsburg, 
this county, where he has continued to practice his 
profession, giving special attention to diseases of 
the throat and nose. On October 31, 1872, he mar- 
ried Elizabeth Foster, daughter of Walter Foster, of 
Pittsburgh, Penn., the ceremony taking place in 
Bridgeville, where the bride's father then lived. 
The following children have been born to their 

Walter Foster, Nellie Boyce, Maria S., John 
Paul, Samuel Foster and David Halsey (David 
VI). In politics Dr. Donaldson is a Republican; 
in 1888 he was elected to the State Legislature, 
and has also served in various minor offices. He 
is a member of the Masonic fraternity, and in 
religious faith is a member of the Presbyterian 

r- j been a lifelong resident of Washington 
county, was the only issue of David and 
J) — Eliza J. Clark, and was born under the 
v parental roof in Hopewell township, March 

7, 1828. When he was but an infant, his father 
died, and from about thai time until 1841 lie lived 
in Cross Creek vdlage. Thereafter, until the fall 
of 1887, his domicile was id Homeside, near the 
village of Candor. For five years his home has 
been in Canonsburg. 

On January 28, 1851, he was married to Miss 
Margaret A. Clark, and of their union there are 
four children: Kate E. Clark, wife of Rev. Samuel 
E. Elliott, D.D. ; Romaine Pauline Clark; Murray 
S. Clark, and William Baird Clark. M. D. 

The first representative of the family in America 
was his paternal and maternal great grandfather, 
James Clark, a native of Ireland, who with a 
brother Thomas landed in the early part of the 
eighteenth century. Thomas settled in the South. 
James married Nancy Reed, of Lancaster county, 
and settled on land near the site of Harrisburg; 
thence he moved to " Clark's Fancy," which em- 
braced the ground whereon Upper Strasburg was 
built, near Clark's Gap, Cumberland county. Sub- 
sequently he acquired a farm near Mercersburg, 
wheron he died, leaving issue: David, married to 
Hannah Baird; Thomas, to Jane Caldwell ; John, to 

McDowell; Rebecca to John Taggart ; Mary, to 

Jeremiah Rankin; James, to Mary Murray; Nancy, 
to David Humphrey; a daughter, to Joseph Smith, 
aud a daughter, to David Elder. The father of 
this family, about the year 1789, bought two farms 
in Washington county, one, in what is Canton 
township, now owned by Samuel K. Weirich, and 
the other in Robinson township, whereon his sons 
John and Thomas in turn settled. 

David Clark was born February 4, 1755, in Cum 
berland (now Franklin) county. His wife, Hannah 
(Baird), was of the vicinity of Carlisle. Their 
children were all born at the Clark homestead in 
Canton township, and were as follows: David, mar- 
ried to Eliza Johnston Clark; Esther, married to 
Rev. Joseph Stockton; James, to Jane Henderson; 
Nancy, to David Larimer; Betsy, to Daniel Hous- 
ton; Mary, to Paul Anderson, and Jane and Will- 
iam, who died in tender years. The father of 
these died in Hopewell township June 2, 1821, and 
was interred in the cemetery of North Buffalo As- 
sociate Presbyterian Church, whereof he was a 
ruling elder. 

His son David, father of the subject proper 
of this article, was born February 28, 1800. On 
April 1, 1827, he married Eliza Johnston Clark, a 
daughter of James and Mary (Murray) Clark, of 
Franklin county. David died in Hopewell town 
ship November 30, 1828. His widow was married 



November 1. 1SH. to William Clark, of Robinson 
township. She died November 7, 1842, and Jan- 
uary HI, I SSI, her husband was laid by her side in 
the cemetery of Raccoon church. 

JESSE V SCOTT. M. D., one of the leading 
and most successful physicians in Washing- 
1 ton county, is a native of the same, having 
been born November 13, 1848, in Fallowfteld 
township. His paternal great-grandfather 
entered the American army at the age of seven- 
teen and served throughout the Revolutionary war. 
He was at, Valley Forge during the, memorable ter- 
rible winter in that struggle. All the members of 
his father's family, excepting himself, were killed 
by Indians immediately before he joined the army. 
Grandfather Scott was a native of America, and 
died in Rush county, Indiana. 

Joseph A. Scott, father of Dr. Scott, was born 
in Washington county, Penn., October 6, 1806, and 
his entire life was devoted to agricultural pursuits. 
In 1835 he went to Peoria, III., and there married 
.Miss Eliza Sheplar, a native of Washington county, 
Penn., whom he brought back to his Eastern home 
ou horseback, and they settled on a farm in Fal 
lowtield township, this county, which was owned 
by her father. They were the parents of nine 
children, as follows: two that died in infancy un- 
named; Peoria and James Addison, both of whom 
died in youth; Joseph Clark, who was killed Octo 
ber 31, 1881, at the age of twenty-six by a tree 
falling on him while riding in a wagon along with 
two other young men; Henry S. , at Bentleyville; 
Smith F.. at Beallsville; Margaret M., wife of W. 
H. Miller, of Washington; and Dr. Jesse Y. The 
father died February 17, 1881, at the age of 
seventy five years; the mother May 15, 1892, aged 
seventy-seven years. 

Dr. Scott received a thorough rudimentary train 
ing at the common schools of his native township, 
which was supplemented by a course in the South- 
western State Normal School at California. In 
1870 he commenced reading medicine with Dr. J. 
H. Leyda, of Bentleyville. later attending the Uni- 
versity of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia, where he 
graduated with honorable mention in 1875. He 
then commenced the practice of his profession. 
He practiced two years in Centreville (this county); 
at Pittsburgh, one year; at Bentleyville, eleven 
years, and at Washington, now nearlv four years. 
On June 16, 1881, Dr. Scott married" Ella S. Mc- 
Lean, of Beallsville, daughter of ex-County Com 
missioner Henry B. McLean. He and his wife 
are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church. He is a member of the Improved Order 
of Heptasophs; politically he is a Republican. 

JOSEPH CLARKE, SR., was born in 1738, in 
I Chester county, Penn., and spent his early 
I life there, engaged in farming. About 1780 
he was married to Miss Elizabeth Lynn, and 
soon afterward the young couple located on 
Government land three miles southwest of the 
present site of Washington, Penn., on land now 
owned by Cornelius Clarke, a grandson. This is 
said to have been the second farm located south- 
west of Fort Catfish, and perhaps the first within 
the present limits of South Franklin township. 
The whole country was a dense forest, and here 
they erected their log cabin and established a home. 
The woods were teeming with wild animals, some 
of them dangerous to encounter; and a few friendly 
Indians still claimed the hunting grounds. Occa- 
sionally traveling bands of hostile Indians would 
frighten them, and on several occasions they were 
compelled to take flight on horseback during the 
night to find shelter in Fort Catfish, which had been 
erected for the protection of the early settlers. 
Only men of nerve and daring could meet the re- 
quirements of settling in the forest. On one occa- 
sion, Mr. Clarke and a neighbor were traveling 
on horseback, when on the farm belonging to the 
heirs of J. G. Strean (deceased) their dog attacked 
a large bear. The men had no fire-arms with them, 
but each prepared a heavy club, and in this way 
killed the ferocious animal. Mr. Clarke was a 
Seceder, or member of the Associate Church, and 
took an active part in the church work of the day. 
He died in April, 1829, aged ninety-one years. 
His wife, Mrs. Elizabeth Clarke, died February 4, 
1S57, aged ninety-three years. Their children 
were Elizabeth (Mrs. Archibald Brownlee), Sarah 
(Mrs William Johnston) and Joseph. 

Joseph Clarke, whose portrait is here presented, 
was the son of Joseph and Elizabeth Clarke, and 
was born near Washington, Penn., July 23, 1787. 
His education was limited to the old-time subscrip- 
tion schools during a few months in winter. Yet 
by diligent application he became a fair English 
scholar. Ou April 14, 1814, he was united in mar- 
riage with Catherine, daughter of Daniel Andrews, 
of the s;ime locality, and their children were Ada 
line (Mrs. James McDonald), Mary (Mrs. Elisha 
Ely). Hervey H., Cornelius, Ann Eliza, Catharine 
(Mrs. James Pease, formerly Mrs. Samuel T. 
Brownlee), John G., Sarah J., and Harriett (Mrs. 
John Baird). In 1830 he removed from the home 
farm to the one now occupied by his son John G., 
and there spent the remainder of his useful and 
busy life. Mr. Clarke began life when farming 
was not very remunerative, farm productions being 
very low for want of markets. There was no home 
market, and means of transportation were very 
poor. Mr. Clarke soon engaged in stock raising, 
and drove cattle to the Eastern cities for sale. He 





afterward extended his business, by buying stock, 
not only in bis own neighborhood, but in the new 
States of Ohio and West Virginia. He also engaged 
for a few years in pork-packing, and placed a te;im 
on the National road to transport his products to 
Baltimore and other eastern, cities. About the 
year 1820 he purchased some imported Saxony - 
Merino sheep, at what was then regarded a most 
extravagant price, and was ridiculed by neighbors 
for his purchase. Iu order to increase funds, he 
sold before leaving home a favorite riding horse 
for $00. One of his neighbors asserted that 
he would not have given the horse for a ten- 
acre field full of such sheep. However the pur- 
chase proved to be the foundation of his fortune. 
He took great interest in the care and improve- 
ment of these sheep, and really made it his life 
work. His flock assisted very much in giving 
Washington county the reputation it had, at that 
time, of producing the best and finest wools grown 

Mr. Clarke was a leader in his day, taking 
taking an active part in public affairs. In school 
matters he was much interested. Before the adop- 
tion of our present school system it was sometimes 
difficult to establish a subscription school. This 
work often fell to Mr. Clarke, and in some cases 
where difficulties met him, he became responsible 
for the teacher's wages, always maintaining that 
the schools must go on even if it should cost him 
more than his proper proportion. Mr. Clarke be 
came a member of the Presbyterian Church in 
early life, and for a long term of years held the 
position of Ruling Elder in the congregation of 
East Buffalo. Politically he was a Whig, taking 
an active part in the politics of his section. He 
was industrious and enterprising, and fortune 
smiled on his labors. He accumulated considera 
ble property, and at the time of his death was 
owner of over one thousand acres of land in his 
immediate neighborhood. He died January 27, 
1856, aged sixty nine years. Mrs. Catherine 
Clarke died September 15, 1878, aged eighty-four 

John G. Clarke, a prominent farmer of South 
Franklin township, is the third sou of Joseph 
Clarke, whose portrait, is here presented. He was 
born January 24, 1829, near Washington, Penn. , 
on the farm patented by his grandfather, Joseph 
Clarke, Sr. He received a liberal and solid educa 
tion at the district schools of the neighborhood, 
and at Washington and Jefferson College. On 
May 20, 1853, Mr. Clarke married Sarah H., 
daughter of Samuel Clokey, Esq., of Clokeyville, 
Washington Co., Penn., and soon after settled on 
the beautiful farm, where they now reside. When 
a young man he took an active part in the forma 
tion of the new township of Franklin, was chosen 

a school director at the first election, and assisted 
in re-districting the new township. Being an ar- 
dent friend of public schools, he was continued in 
the board from year to year, and served as secre 
tary for a long term of years. Soon after the in 
corporation of the Upper Ten Mile Plank Road 
Company, he was elected to membership in the 
board of managers, and in 1872 was elected presi- 
dent of the board, and has continued in that posi- 
tion ever since, a period of over twenty years. Mr. 
Clarke is an extensive grower of fine wool, and has 
given much attention to the improvement of his 
flocks. He has become known as an advocate of 
tariff on wool, and has published several news 
paper articles on that question. He served as 
president of the Washington County Wool Grow- 
ers' Association for several years, and was twice 
sent to Washington, D. C, to represent the in- 
terests of that association. In 1886 he had the 
honor of making the only farmers' address in de- 
fense of tariff on wool before the Committee on 
Ways and Means. It was extensively published 
in both city and local papers, and was freely com- 
mented on, and pronounced by all an able presen- 
tation of the case. In politics Mr. Clarke is a 
Republican; having been born and brought up in 
the Whig party, and holding very decided anti 
slavery views, he naturally fell in with the Repub 
licans al the formation of the party. In 1880 be 
was nominated for a seat in the State Legislature, 
and elected by a majority in advance of the ticket. 
In the House he soon became kuown as an active, 
attentive member, making it a matter of conscience 
to attend promptly to all business coming before 
that body. Being a farmer, he took special in 
terest in all bills in which farmers were interested. 
He was appointed on the Agricultural Committee, 
and gave his influence in favor of the Bill to 
Equalize Taxation; the Bill for the Improvement 
of the Public Roads; the Bill for the Increase 
of State Appropriation to the Public Schools; 
and against the repeal of the Oleomargerine 

Mr. Clarke is an ardent churchman, and he and 
his family are members of the United Presbyterian 
Congregation, of Washington, Penn. He was 
elected to the office of ruling elder in the congre 
gation of East Buffalo when but twenty six years 
of age, and again to the same position in the con- 
gregation of Washington, Penn., in 1864, and has 
acceptably filled the position ever since. He is 
the father of ten children — seven sons and three 
daughters. He has lived a very busy life, and 
while giving his principal care and attention to his 
family and his farm, he has still evinced a deep 
interest in public enterprises, and is ever found in 
the front ranks of Washington county's enterprie 
ing and loyal citizens. 



living representative of the Clarke family 
in Franklin township, is a native of that 
j -* county, having been born November 3, 
r 1820, the eldest sou of Joseph and Catherine 

(Andrews) Clarke. 

His boyhood and youth were passed on the old 
home place, and his education was received in the 
schools of the neighborhood, supplemented by a 
thorough course of training at West AlexanderAcad- 
emy and at Washington College, where he showed 
considerable ability. He was graduated in 1841, 
read law with Hon. T. M. T. McKennan, and was 
admitted to the bar, but did not practice. In 
April, 18t8, he married Margaret L., daughter of 
Archibald Brownlee, of Buffalo township, and he 
and his youthful bride then settled on the farm 
where they yet reside. The names of the children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Clarke are as follows: Clara 
V. (married to James Ely, and living in Marion 
county, Kans.), Edmund H., J. Addison (both of 
Washington county, Penn.), Frank, living in An- 
derson county, Kans. ), Hervey H., Ella M. (Mrs. 
Henry Rudy), Earnest B. (living in the State of 
Washington); and Ethan (who died at the age of 
four years). 

Mr. and Mrs. Hervey H. Clarke were among the 
charter members of the Second Presbyterian Church 
of Washington, Penn., of which he is an elder and 
has repeatedly served as trustee. Politically he 
was originally a Whig, and since the formation of 
the Republican party he has been an active member 
of the same. He has never sought party prefer- 
ment, and has uniformly declined political honors, 
his time having been assiduously applied to the 
multitudinous duties of the farm, but has served as 
justice of the peace and also tilled the office of school 
director for many years. Mr. Clarke's home place 
consists of 250 acres of prime land largely improved 
by Ids own industry and good management. The 
dwelling, a handsome and commodious brick edifice, 
stands an unimpeachable witness to the cultivated 
taste of the man who built it — Mr. Clarke himself; 
while the yard is adorned with many elegant trees 
planted by his own hand over forty years ago— the 
seal of industry and prosperity being stamped upon 
everything pertaining to the place. 

with an uninviting exterior, the interior being fur 
nished in, a very rude and primitive manner. 
The seats for the scholars consisted of simple 
slabs supported by pegs, the floor being made of 
puncheons, far from being closely jointed. The 
writing desk was a slab resting on pegs which 
were inserted into the wall, and placed so high 
that the younger scholars could barely reach it; 
while the fireplace, located at one end of the 
school room, was of generous and comfortable 

On October 21, 1851, Mr. Clarke was united in 
marriage with Marjory, daughter of John Wilson, 
and the children born to this union are: Alice, 
Joseph J., Fannie (Mrs. E. Horn). Almeda (Mrs. 
David McNairy), Emma, Catherine (Mrs. James 
Magill), Cornelia and John W. On November 24, 
1S70, Mr. Clarke married, for his second partner in 
life, Eliza Lyons, of Beaver county, Penn. In 
politics Mr. Clarke was origiually a Whig, and 
since the formation of the party has been an active 
Republican. In church connection he was first 
an adherent of the Presbyterian congregation at 
East Buffalo, but on the organization of the Sec 
ond Presbyterian Church be united with it. His 
farm consists of 250 acres of highly cultivated 
land, having thereon many improvements, and the 
present large and comfortable two-story brick 
residence was built iu 1857. "Omnia rim-it 
labor" maybe correctly given as Mr. Clarke's 
motto, for hard work and good management have 
placed him in the front rank of Washington 
county's most prosperous citizens. 

CORNELIUS CLARKE, the second sou of 
Joseph and Catherine (Andrews) Clarke, was 
born in Franklin township. Washington Co. , 
Penn., November 21, 1823. 
His boyhood days and early youth were passed 
in assisting his parents in the improvements of the 
home farm, aud iu attending, during a few months, 
in the winter season, the old fashioned subscrip- 
tion school of the neighborhood. The school-house 
in those days was an old, dilapidated building, 

honored gentleman's right to a place among 
the representative men of Washington 
county may not rest upon his birth, it is 
well established by his continuous and use- 
ful life as a pastor of one of our leading Christian 
congregations, and his devotion as a citizen to the 
best interests of the community. His descent is 
from a Puritan ancestry, which, coming from Eng- 
land, settled near Stonington, Conn., in the early 
history of the country. 

David Lester, the grandfather of Dr. Lester, 
belonged to a branch of the family which estab- 
lished themselves at Easthamptou, L. I., about 
the time of the American Revolution. About the 
close of that war he was married to Lois, daughter 
of Deacon David Tallmage, and so became the 
father of ten sons aud four daughters, all of whom 
lived to mature life. 

Richard Lester, the youngest but one of these 
fourteen children, was born in 1796, and in 1817 
was married to Sarah F., daughter of Esther and 
Gordon Havens, of a Welsh family, which as early 
as 1665 settled on Shelter Island, N. Y. In this 

1 1 ■ . 1 SHING TON CO I X TV. 


American generation of the 
represented, live children 

marriage, the fifth 
Havens family was 
crowned it, and of these the youngest but one, was 
William H., the subject of this sketch. His father 
was a farmer by occupation, and for many years a 
member of the Presbyterian Church of Bridge- 
hampton, L. I., prior to his death in 1S79. His 
wife had been called from him by death thirty-six 
years before, when their son, the future minister, 
was but a lad, but the memory of a sainted mother's 
piety and instruction was among the effective in- 
strumentalities which determined the course of his 

After the usual studies of the common school, a 
year of classical study under his pastor, Rev. 
Amzi Francis, and another at Southampton Acad 
emy, our young student entered Amherst College, 
Massachusetts, in the autumn of I SIT). He was 
graduated from that institution in 1849, after which 
he taught in the academy at Southampton for two 
years, before commencing his theological studies. 
He entered Princeton Seminary in 1851, and was 
there a student until 1854, having been licensed 
to preach in January of that year by the Presby- 
tery of Albany. A visit in the spring following, 
by invitation, to the Church of West Alexander, 
Penn., soon after the resignation of Rev. John 
McCluskey, D. D. , closing a pastorate of twenty- 
six years, resulted in a unanimous call to Mr. Les- 
ter by that church to become its pastor. Accept- 
ing this call, he was ordained and installed by the 
Presbytery of Washington the following October, 
and thus commenced a relation which has contin- 
ued in happiness and usefulness unto this day. In 
the interval between the call and installation, in 
August, 1854, the young minister was married to 
Miss Julia Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas B. and 
Harriet R. Hand, of Bridgehamptou, L. I. The 
bride of twenty four years had been thoroughly 
educated, first in the select school of Mrs. Sopbro 
nia Burnett, and then at Mount Holyoke Seminary 
for three years under the sainted Mary Lyon. 
She, too. rejoices in the memory of a pious an- 
cestry of many generations, running down through 
two and a half centuries on American soil. Her 
father, a Christian and ruling elder, died in 1872, 
her pious mother following in 1888, and side by 
side they sleep in the cemetery at Bridgehamptou, 
waiting the Resurrection. 

The tender conjugal tie dating with the pastoral 
relation, has extended in a parallel line with it 
through thirty eight years of happy home life and 
of mutual support in the work of the Lord. Of 
the three children of this marriage two remain at 
the parental home: Nathaniel Talmage and 
Hadassah Elizabeth, the latter of whom is a gradu- 
ate of Washington Female Seminary. The eldest, 
William Hand Lester, followed his father into the 
ministry, and consecrated his life to the work of a 

foreign missionary. He was graduated from Am 
herst College in 1878, also from Auburn Theolog- 
ical Seminary in 18S2. He was licensed by the 
Presbytery of Cayuga. 1881, and ordained by the 
same in the following year. He then sailed for 
Santiago, Chili, which lias been ever since the 
scene of his missionary labors. The wife, Sarah 
M. Anderson, who accompanied him to the mission 
field, died in July, 1884, leaving an infant who 
bears his name. He was again married in 1887, 
this time to Miss Carrie M. Fields, daughter of the 
late Rev. A. B. Fields, who, together with their 
two children — Sarah and Robert McElery — bright 
ens his home and cooperates in his work. The 
writer of this sketch is quite familiar with the life 
work of Dr. Lester as the pastor of an important 
church, and quite as familiar with the sensitive 
modesty which keeps him from public proclamation 
of what he has done for the Master. He has be- 
hind a record of nearly four decades of wise, earnest 
evangelical efficient service, among a people of in- 
telligent appreciation, with and for whom belabors 
both in and out of the pulpit in unabated strength. 
Coming to them without ministerial experience, at 
a time of division and bitterness incident to the 
agitation of the slavery question ; when the church, 
whose care he assumed — itself divided by the line 
which separated the free from the slave States of 
the Union — was depleted by the formation of a 
rival organization, he was confronted with dis- 
couragements to be overcome only by the utmost 
fidelity, guided by the greatest prudence and 
patient endurance, under the stimulus of a holy 
consecration to Christ. This church like many 
others has suffered largely from emigration. 
Many years ago the drift was to the newly settled 
parts of the West. In later years it has been to 
the large towns and cities. The academy, also, 
which had flourished for many years under his 
predecessor's oversight, had come to a crisis of de- 
pression, and, under the advanced methods, and 
spirit of the times, demanded a different manage 
ment. It is no wonder, therefore, that the first 
year of the pastorate was burdened with the serious 
question of continuance. Bid. this question was 
settled by the Lord, by a gracious outpouring of 
the Spirit upon the church, which united and en- 
couraged the people, and brought seventy Cornells 
to the Lord's table, two of whom became ministers, 
and several ruling elders. Another work of Divine 
power in 1861 added greatly to the membership, 
as well as to the beneficence and praying force of 
the church. Other special ingatherings occurred 
in 1869, 1875 and 1889. But the steady progress 
which comes from the Divine blessing upon thor- 
ough and steady Gospel preaching and faithful 
pastoral work has been a distinctive feature of this 
church in these years. There have not been more 
than two or three communion seasons without ad- 



ditions to the membership. The Sabbath-school, 
prayer meetings, pastoral visitations, and all the 
accustomed agencies have been kept up, and hap- 
py pastoral relations, a united people, and church 
strength have been the fruits. While emigration 
has annually removed families and members in 
considerable numbers to other places and churches, 
the loss has found its compensation in the wide 
diffusion of benefits from the common center. In 
no direction has the influence of this beloved 
pastor been greater than in the introduction of 
young men into the ministry, not only during the 
few years of the academy's continuance after his 
settlement, but ever since, as occasion offered, by 
private instinct ion. Fifteen ministers, including 
two foreign missionaries, have gone forth from the 
pastorate into the work of the Lord, to extend and 
perpetuate its power. 

During all these years Dr. Lester has been re- 
garded by ministerial brethren, and by the 
churches, as one of the active and reliable of the 
members of the Presbytery of Washington, ever 
vigilant and efficient in the management of eccle- 
siastical affairs. One element operating toward 
all these happy results deserves special mention. 
It is the work of a devoted wife. Mrs. Lester, 
ever active in all the duties of her sphere, until 
failing health made her a confirmed invalid, has 
since, in the seclusion of her home, by her polished 
and consecrated pen wielded an effective influence 
through the churches of theWashiugtou Presbytery. 
She was one of the organizers of the Presbyterian 
Female Foreign Missionary Society, and has 
through years of its effective work been its faith- 
ful corresponding secretary. She has each year 
written to every mission helped by the Society, and 
from the return letters made her report, which has 
been one of the enjoyable features of the annual 

The aim aud life-work of this couple has been 
to promote the spiritual interests of. the church 
and the advancement of Christ's cause. 

[From the peo of Rev. J. I. Brownson, I). D. 

fPy BV. JOHN S. MARQUIS, D. D. The fam- 

JW?' ily of which this gentleman is a worthy 

I v^ representative is one of the oldest of Cross 

Jj i Creek township. They are descendants of 

French Huguenots, who fled from France 

on account of religious persecutions, and settled in 


In 1720 William Marquis and Margaret, his 
wife, together with their son Thomas and daugh 
ter Mary, emigrated to this country from Ireland, 
and settled in Frederick county, Va. . near to Win- 
chester. It is believed that some of the children 
of this family remained in Ireland. Some years 
after their parents came to America, Thomas 

Marquis married Miss Mary Colville. and Marv 
Marquis married John Wilson, and died shortly 
after. Thomas was the father of seven children 
— four sons and three daughters — named as fob' 
lows: William, James, John, Thomas, Elizabeth, 
Sarah and Anne. Thomas Marquis, the father of 
these children, was killed by the falling of a limb 
of a tree, whilst gathering corn. His children 
were brought up under the direction of his brother 
in-law, John Wilson, who was a school teacher, 
and a religious man, consequently they were care- 
fully educated, both secularly and religiously. 

William Marquis, son of Thomas, married Miss 
Elizabeth Vance, and reared a large family, most 
of whom came to this county, but afterward moved 
to Ohio. Hon. William Vance Marquis, ex-lieu- 
tenant-governor of Ohio, is a great-grandson. 
James Marquis married Miss Mary Vance, a sister 
of the wife of his brother William, and his family, 
which was large, came to this county, but after 
ward went to Ohio. John Marquis, the third son 
of this family, was the first of the name to settle in 
this county, and was one of the first settlers of 
Cross Creek township. He was born June 10, 
1750, and married Miss Sarah Griffith, of Fred 
erick county, Va. He settled, in 1774, on a tract 
of land for which he obtained a warrant February 
23, 1 780, and afterward received a patent. This 
tract was called " Marquesata," and contained 421 
acres, and allowance, embracing the farms now 
owned by H. C. Anderson and Robert Anderson, 
and a part of the farm of Richard Wells, called the 
"Mason" farm. For some time, on account of 
the Indian raids, he was obliged to keep his family 
in Vance's fort, while he tried to clear his farm. 
Once, while in his cabin, he heard the report of a 
rifle close at hand, and going out he saw a party 
of Indians killing his hogs. On seeing him they 
immediately gave the war whoop and rushed down 
upon him. It was a race for life, and although 
the Indians were so close to him at the start that he 
heard their footsteps in pursuit, yet he outran 
them and arrived in safety at Vance's fort. He 
was noted among the scouts and backwoodsmen as 
a fleet runner, and he was a man of strong and de- 
cided character; for many years was an elder of 
the Presbyterian Church of Cross Creek. He died 
February 25. 1822. He raised a family of nine 
children — six sons and three daughters, viz.: 
Thomas, John, Mary, Sarah, Edward, Robert, 
James, Anne and William, of whom Thomas mar- 
ried Nancy Marquis, his cousin, and they had a 
large family: John married Elizabeth Taggart, 
and they spent their days on a farm in Jefferson 
township, now owned by their son James T. Mar- 
quis (Rev. John A. Marquis, pastor of a Presby 
terian Church at Greensburg. Westmoreland Co., 
Penn., is a grandson, and Mrs. Rev. J. B. Lyle, 
of Scottdale, is a granddaughter); Mary Marquis 



married Hon. Joshua Robb, who was for many 
years an associate judge of the courts in Logan 
county, Ohio, and he represented that county in 
the State Legislature for several terms (Hon. 
Judge T. M. Robb, of Lima, Allen Co., Ohio, and 
Hun. Vance Robb, of the same county, also Hon. 
James Smith Robb, M. D., of Logan county, 
Ohio, were their sons); Sarah Marquis married 
John Nelson, and lived near Bellefontaine, Logan 
Co., Ohio (they had a family of eleven children); 
Edward Marquis was twice married, first to Mar- 
garet Marquis, and then to Elizabeth Newell (he 
had several children; his home was near Mt. Ver 
non, Knox Co., Ohio); Robert Marquis was also 
twice married, first to Hannah Van Nordstrand, 
and afterward to Mary Stevenson (his children, all 
of the second marriage, were Newton, Rev. John 
S. , Miles and Robert, of whom Newton married 
Mary Patterson, daughter of Hon. William Patter- 
son, and granddaughter of Gen. Thomas Patter- 
son, of Cross Creek; he died when a young man); 
Rev. John S. Marquis, D. D., married Margaretta 
Bryant McConaughy (he was for seventeen years 
paator of Pigeon Creek Presbyterian Church in 
this county: his home is now in Washington, and 
lie lias supplied the churoh of Lower Ten Mile at 
Amity, Pent)., for nearly seven years). (Prof. J. S. 
Marquis, principal of Brainerd Institute, Chester, 
S. O, and Hugh McConaughy Marquis, S. K of 
the B. & O. R. R. Works at Glen wood, Penn., are 
grandsons of Robert and Mary (Stevenson) Mar- 
quis); Miles'Marquis died young; Robert Marquis 
was twice married, first to Jane Patterson, daugh- 
ter of James Patterson, and granddaughter >l ( ten. 
Thomas Patterson, and his second wife was Eliza 
beth Scott (they now reside in Caldwell county. 
Mo., and have a family of seven children— four 
sons and three daughters). 

James Marquis, fifth son of the pioneer John, 
married first Nancy Roberts and afterward Nancy 
Elliott (he died in Knox county, Ohio; Mrs. Rev. 
N. C. Helfrich, of Plymouth, Ohio, is his daugh- 
ter); William Marquis (sixth son of John) married 
Elizabeth Adams, and lived near Tiffin, Seneca 
Co., Ohio (Mrs. Rev. Solomon Cook of that county 
is his daughter); Anne Marquis (third daughter of 
John) married Isaac Morrison, and they lived near 
Bellefontaine, Ohio. The children of John and 
Sarah (Griffith) Marquis were noted for their mu- 
sical talents and tine musical voices. Dr. John 
Stockton told the writer, that Robert Marquis had 
the finest musical voice of any man he ever heard 

John Marquis and his brother Thomas (after- 
ward Rev. Thomas Marquis), in company with 
some others, pursued a band of Indians, which had 
made a raid into that neighborhood, in 1770, mur- 
dered one woman and took captive another woman 
(Reynolds) and child. They came upon the Iud 

ians just at daybreak, as they were making a raft 
to cross the Ohio river opposite where is now 
Mingo Junction, on the Pan Handle Railroad. 
Seven of the eight Indians were killed, and one 
man of the pursuing party. The families of James 
T. Marquis and of Rev. J. S. Marquis, D. D. , are 
the only descendants of John and Sarah Marquis 
now residing in this county. 

Rev. Thomas Marquis, the fourth son of Thomas 
and Mary (Colville) Marquis, was born in Opequan 
Valley, Va. , in 1753; was married March 5, 1770, 
to Jane Park, and some time after came to Wash- 
ington county. He settled on a tract of land for 
which he took out a warrant February 23, 1780, 
and afterward obtained a patent. This tract was 
called " Marrigate " and contained 417 acres, and 
allowance. The tract embraces one of the farms 
now owned by Richard Wells, the farm of the Be 
bout heirs, and a part of the Perrine tract. After- 
ward, by deed dated August 27, 1794, he pur- 
chased from Alexander Wells, of Cross Creek, and 
Nathan Cromwell, of Baltimore, a tract of 500 
acres, embracing lands now owned by Hon. J. S. 
Duncan, John Lee, a tract (called tho''McCon- 
nell" farm) now owned by W. C. Lee, and a part 
of the farm of Rev. J. S. Marquis, D. D. His fam 
ily was obliged to live for a time in Vance's fort, 
owing to the incursions of the Indians, and while 
there he was converted under the preaching of Rev. 
James Power, D. D. By the advice of Revs. 
Smith and Dodd he commenced preparation for the 
ministry. His classical education was obtained at 
Canonsburg Academy, and he studied theology 
under the direction of Rev. Dr. McMillan and Rev. 
Joseph Smith ; was licensed to preach the Gospel 
by the Presbytery of Redstone at Dunlap's Creek, 
April 19, 1793. He soon received three calls — 
from Bethel and Ebenezer, Ten-Mile, and Cross 
Creek. He was a natural orator. The tones of 
his voice were so musical that he was called the 
"Silver-tongued Marquis." He was pastor of 
Cross Creek Church for about thirty -three years. 
While on a visit ,to his son-in-law, Rev. Joseph 
Stevenson, he was attacked with fever, dying of 
same September 27, 1827, and was buried in the 
cemetery of Bellefontaine, Ohio. He had a large 
family of children, and his descendants are scat- 
tered far and wide. Rev. John M. Stevenson, D. 
D., one of the secretaries of the American Tract 
Society, at New York, Rev. James E. Marquis and 
Rev. Thomas Marquis Newell were grandsons. 
Rev. W. S. Marquis, pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church of Rock Island, 111., is a great-grandson, 
and Mrs. Patton, wife of Rev. Dr. Patton, president 
of Princeton College, Princeton, N. J., is a great- 
granddaughter. Only one of the daughters of 
Thomas and Mary (Colville) Marquis (Anne) 
came from Virginia to this county; she married 
Maj. James Park, who was killed by the Indians 



on a farm now belonging to the heirs of Josiah N. 
Scott, Esq., in Jefferson township, this county. 
The other daughters married in Virginia — Sarah 
married John Vance, and lived near Holstein, Va. ; 
Elizabeth married Daniel McOauley, and re 
inained in Virginia. 

There were some others of the name of Marquis 
who lived in this county, and were cousins of the 
children of Thomas and Mary (Colville) Marquis. 
George Marquis was one of the first bench of ciders 
of Cross Creek Church. Samuel Marquis also 
lived near to Burgettstown, and John also lived in 
the same neighborhood. If these were first 
cousins of John and Rev. Thomas Marquis, as they 
claimed, William Marquis, who came from Ireland 
in 1720, must have left other children in Ireland, 
who came to America at a later period; and this 
appears most likely to be the case as all these par- 
ties came from near Winchester, Va. , to this 

TEVENSON FAMILY of Washington 
county. Among the first settlers of Somer- 
set township, this county, were two families 
named Stevenson, the one of English, the 
other of Irish descent. Of the latter, Joseph Ste- 
venson and Margaret, his wife, emigrated from 
Ireland and settled in Letterkenny township, 
Franklin Co., Penn., at an early period in its his- 
tory. They had two sons. The elder one of the 
two was killed by the Indians, along with several 
others, whilst, harvesting his wheat, and his two 
children, with a hired girl named Jennie Harper, 
were taken prisoners. The younger of the two chil 
dren, a son, was afterward murdered, having his 
brains dashed out against a tree; the other, with the 
hired girl, was taken to Canada, but afterward ex- 
changed and returned home. She was married to 
Zachariah Spriggs, and they removed to a farm near 
to West Liberty, Ohio Co., W. Va. Afterward 
they made their home in Wheeling, whore she and 
her husband died. The "Spriggs House" in 
Wheeling was named for her husband, and the 
proprietors, the Yaruell Brothers, were her grand- 

John Stevenson, the other son of Joseph Steven- 
son, was born in 1729, and for many years made 
his home in Cumberland county, Penn., where he 
was married, first to a Miss Mitchell, by which 
union he had two sons, named Joseph and George. 
His second wife was Jean McCoinbs, and their 
children were Mary, Robert, John, James, Mar- 
garet, Elizabeth, Jane and Anne. In 1781 he re- 
moved to Somerset township, Washington Co., 
Penn., and settled on a tract of land bought from 
Philip Whitten, containing 320 acres. He Jived 
on the part of the farm now owned by Samuel B. 
Weir. Afterward selling this farm, lie purchased 

the tract of land now owned by Andrew McCarrell, 
and the heirs of Hon. Thomas McCarrell in Mt. 
Pleasant township, this county. Having divided 
this farm among his children, he removed to one 
he owned near Cross Creek village, and which is 
now in the possession of Hon. J. S. Duncan and 
John S. Lee. He died at the age of ninety years, 
and is buried in the cemetery at Cross Creek vil- 
lage, where his second wife is also buried, having 
departed this life at the age of eighty-six years. 

Joseph Stevenson, the eldest son in this family, 
was in the Revolutionary army under Gen. Wash 
ington, and was with him the night he crossed the 
Delaware river in the ice with his army, and 
fought the battle of Trenton the following morn 
ing. He married Miss Mary Espy, and removed to 
Washington county some years after his father had 
come out. He made his home in Canonsburg, 
where he died, and he is buried in the cemetery at 
Chartiers Church. His children were as follows: 
Josiah Espy (who was a physician for many years 
at Kittanning, Armstrong Co., Penn.), Joseph, 
Marrianne, Maria, George Espy and John Mitchell. 
Rev. A. Russell Stevenson, pastor of the First 
Presbyterian Church of Schenectady, N. Y., is a 
great-grandson of Joseph Stevenson. 

George Stevenson, the second son, was also a 
soldier in the Revolutionary war, serving under 
Gen. Washington at the battle of Brandywine. At 
the close of the struggle he came to the home of 
Zachariah Spriggs, near West Liberty, W. Va., 
and whilst in the field plowing corn he was taken 
prisoner by the Indians under the leadership of 
that renegade white man, Simon Girty. He was 
compelled to carry a heavy iron kettle, lashed to 
his bare back, all the way to Canada. He was also 
at the same time suffering from a severe gash in 
the forehead, made by an Indian striking him with 
a tomahawk at the time of his capture. Three 
years and five months passed before he was ex- 
changed as a prisoner of war. He married Cath- 
arine McCombs, and lived for a time at what is 
now known as Hunter's Mill, on Harmon's creek 
in Hanover township. He afterward removed to 
Knox county, Ohio, where he died. The names 
of his children are as follows: John, George, 
Martha, Thomas, Eliza and Jane. Rev. George 
Graham, of Clarksville, Iowa, is his grandson. 

Mary Stevenson, the eldest child by the second 
marriage, was twice married, first to Joseph Nel- 
son, by whom she had two sons, James and John; 
after the death of this husband she was married 
to Rev. John McPhenin, who for many years was 
the pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Butler, 
Penn. Their children were as follows: Amelia, 
Samuel, William, Clark, Ebenezer, John, Ander- 
son, Josiah and Mary, of whom Amelia was mar 
ried to Hon. Walter Lowrie, for many years sec 
rotary of the board of foreign missions of the Pres 



byterian Church, and Rev. JohnC. Lowrie, D. D., 
LL. D. , the senior secretary of the same board, 
and Rev. Walter M. Lowrie, and Rev. Reuben 
Post Lowrie, both missionaries to China (now de- 
ceased) were her sons. 

Capt. Robert Stevenson, the eldest sou of John 
Stevenson, Sr. , by his second marriage, was a sol 
dier in the Revolutionary war, and belonged to a 
company commanded by Capt. McConnell.of Cum- 
berland county, Penn ; he was ;ilso in the war of 
1 S 1 2, as captain of a company; he assisted in the 
building of "Fort Stevenson'' near Sandusky, 
Ohio, and the fort was named in his honor; he 
married Miss Mary Teeters, and came to Wash- 
ington county at the close of the Revolutionary 
war; afterward he moved to near Salem, Colum- 
biana Co., Ohio, where he died; he was a member 
of the Legislature of that State at the time of his 
death. John Stevenson, Jr., son of John, Sr., 
was also a soldier in the Revolutionary war, and a 
member of the company commanded by Capt. 
McConnell; he settled first in Somerset township, 
this county, on a farm now owned by the Whitely 
heirs, afterward in Mt. Pleasant township, on a 
farm now owned by James Buchanan, Esq., and 
lastly in Cross Creek township, on part of a farm 
now owned by Hon. John S. Duncan; he packed 
on horseback over the mountains to the first store 
in Washington its first lot of goods; he died June 
13, 1817, aged eighty six years, and is buried in 
the cemetery at Cross Creek village; his wife was 
Mary McCombs, and their children were: John, 
Margaret, Jean, Mary and Malcom McCombs, all 
of whom died unmarried except Mary, who mar- 
ried Robert Marquis, and she leaves to survive her 
two sons: Rev. J. S. Marquis, D. D., who for 
many years was pastor of Pigeon Creek Church 
(of which his grandfather had been one of its 
members at an early date of its history), and Rob- 
ert Marquis, now of Caldwell county, Mo. 

James Stevenson died young and unmarried, 
and is buried in Pigeon Creek cemetery. Margaret 
Stevenson married John Cratty, and became the 
mother of two children: Keziah and John Steven 
son; Keziah married Robert Curry; a grandson, 
Robert Curry, Jr., Ph. D. , was the founder of 
"Curry University " at Pittsburgh, was for a time 
assistant State superintendent of public schools in 
Pennsylvania, and afterward State superintend- 
ent of public schools in Nebraska. Elizabeth 
Stevenson married John Stevenson, a son of the 
Stevenson family who were of English descent, 
of Somerset township; they lived on a farm now 
owned by the McCorkle heirs near to Pigeon 
Creek Presbyterian church; their children were 
Jane, Joseph, John, Maria, Elizabeth, Mary, 
Margaret, Emily, Frances and James Edgar, who 
became a Presbyterian minister, and died at Talla 
hassee, Florida. 

Jane Stevenson married John Graham, of Cross 
Creek, and their children were Henry, Robert, 
John, Mary, James, Ebenezer Stevenson, Margery, 
Elizabeth, Joseph, Thomas Smith and Anne; 
Ebenezer Stevenson Graham became a Presbyte 
rian minister, and was for some years pastor of 
Pigeon Creek Presbyterian Church; he died at 
Tampa Bay, Fla. Anne Stevenson, the young- 
est member of this family, married Col. John Vance, 
of Cross Creek, and her children were John, Anne, 
David, Jane, Joseph and Julia A. ; her son Joseph 
was a lawyer by profession, and was a member of 
the bar at Mt. Vernon, Knox Co., Ohio; in the 
Civil war he was the colonel of a regiment in the 
army of Gen. Banks, and was killed in the battle 
of Red River, Louisiana. 


resents an old and prominent pioneer 
family, whose first settlement was made in 
- 1 Cross Creek township, Washington Co., 
Penn., in 1 770. 
Henry Graham, the earliest pioneer, of this 
family, of whom we have any authentic record, 
was a native of Chester county, Penn., where he 
was married to a native born lady, and, moving to 
Washington county, settled in Cross Creek town- 
ship, on the waters of Cross creek, before the 
Indians had left that part of the county. He died 
in 1827, leaving one son, John, married to Jane 
Stevenson, whose parents were also early settlers 
in Smith township. The following children were 
born to the union of John and Jane Graham: 
Robert, who moved to Knox county, Ohio, where 
he lived to old age; Henry, who went to Ohio; 
Thomas, now a resident of Mt. Gilead, Ohio; John, 
living in Knox county, Ohio; Joseph, who fol- 
lowed farming in this county, and resided on the 
old homestead in Cross Creek township; Rev. E. 
S., of whom a sketch follows; Ann, wife of Dr. 
Boyd Emery, both deceased in Somerset township, 
thi6 county; Mary, deceased when young; Jane, 
who died in early youth; Margery, Mrs. Murray; 
and Elizabeth, wife of James Walker. Of these, 
Thomas and Margery are yet living. The father 
always resided on the farm in Cross Creek town- 
ship, where he died in 1830. The Grahams were 
active Whigs and influential citizens; they were 
zealous members of the Cross Creek Presbyterian 
Church, which they assisted in founding. 

Rev. E. S. Graham was born in Cross Creek 
township, this county. He received his elementary 
education iu the rate schools of the day, then at- 
tended Cross Creek Academy, and finally took a 
thorough course at Jefferson College, graduating 
therefrom in 1834. In 1837 he was installed as 
pastor of the Presbyterian Church of Pigeon Creek, 
Washington county, where he remained until 1842, 

I SI! 


proving a very popular minister. After preach- 
ing in a heated school room on one occasion, he 
caught a cold whieh terminated in bronchitis, and 
he then took a trip to Florida in search of health, 
residing at Tampa Bay for several years; he died 
in ISM; In the early part of his ministry he had 
married Sarah, daughter of John Johnson, who 
was horn near Washington, Ponn., and died a few 
years after her marriage, leaving four children. 
viz.: John J., a farmer of Washington county, who 
moved to Kentucky, thence to Knox county, Ohio; 
Hannah J., wife of James Morrison, of Mercer 
county, Penn; George S., whose name opens this 
sketch; and Sarah E. , Mrs. James Maxwell, of 
Mercer, Penn. . all now deceased except our sub- 

George S. Graham, son of E. S. and Sarah 
(Johnson) Graham, was born December 2(5, 1839, 
in Somerset township, this county, and received a 
limited education in the common schools. At an 
early age he began working with a farmer named 
Stevenson (of Somerset township), and also lived 
for some time with Dr. Boyd Emery, of Somerset 
township. He then resided in Morrow county, 
Ohio, with an uncle, Thomas Graham, remaining 
there for some time, but wishing to secure a more 
extensive edu-eation finally returned to his native 
county, and entered Cross Greek Academy (where 
his father had also boen a student), remaining in 
that institution one year. He then took a three- 
year's course at the Bethany Academical Institute, 
under Dr. Marshall, afterward entered Jefferson 
College at Canonsburg, Penn., where he was a 
student at the beginning of the Civil war. Young 
Graham enlisted Sunday, April 27, 1861, in Com 
pany D, Tenth Regiment, Pennsylvania Reserve 
Corps. He was mustered in at Harrisburg, 
Penn., thence proceeding with his regiment to 
Washington, D. C. His regiment was attached to 
the First Arm}' Corps, under command of (Ten. 
McDowell, and was later attached to the Fifth 
Corps, serving through the Peninsular campaign. 
Our subject served in all the campaigns, marches 
and engagements of his regiment during his term 
of engagement. Their Hist engagement was at 
Drainesville, Va. ; he remained in active service 
until his regiment was mustered out June [2, 
1864, when he received an honorable discharge, 
and returned to his native county. After the war 
our subject began the study of medicine, and en- 
tered Jefferson Medical College, of Philadelphia, 
graduating March 10, 1866. In the following 
June he came to Florence, Hanover township, this 
county, where he has ever since practiced his 
chosen profession. On September 22, 1868, he 
was married to Sallie J. Tucker, who was born 
September 15, 1846, a daughter of David and 
Sarah (Watt) Tucker, of Hanover township. The 
following children have been born to their union: 

John T. (deceased), Lemuel F., David S., Charles 
S., Bertha M. and Thomas C. They have had 
excellent educational advantages. Dr. Graham 
has been a leading physician of Hanover township 
for many years and enjoys an extensive practice 
throughout the county. Politically he has for 
years been a leader of the Republican party in 
Hanover township, and has never missed an elec 
tion since his residence in this county. In 1884 
he was elected to the Legislature, serving during 
1 88 I 85. Dr. and Mrs. Graham are active mem 
bers of the Presbyterian Church, and he is a mem 
ber of the Session. 

IfO'HN D. BRADEN, of Washington borough. 
. I was born in Chippewa township, Beaver Co., 
{[JJ Peuu., November 21, 1826. John Braden, 
Sr. , his father, was a native of County Fer- 
managh, Ireland, born at a town called "Five Mile 
Town," near Euniskillen. 

His father (the grandfather of John D. Braden) 
was James Braden, and his grandmother, Marga- 
ret Howe, was of English parentage. They raised 
a large family in Ireland, and said Margaret died 
anil was buried there. The grandfather, James 
Braden, with his entire family, came to America 
some time about the year 17SU; John Braden, Sr., 
having grown up to manhood, became the owner of 
a farm near Youngstown, Ohio, and resided on the 
same until the breaking out of the war of 1812 
with Great Britain, when he joined the army and 
served therein until the close of the war. After 
the war John Braden, Sr. , was married to Kather 
ine Mclntyre, daughter of William Mclntyre, who 
was a native of Scotland, and in early times had 
migrated to this country, settling at Hagerstown, 
Md. John Braden and his wife Katherine, after 
their marriage, removed from near Youngstown, 
Ohio, to Chippewa township, Beaver county, where 
they lived for over fifty years, having born to them 
a large family, amongst whom was John D. Bra- 
den, the only one of the family who resides in 
Washington county. 

John D. Braden, the subject of this sketch, after 
several years' attendance at Beaver Academy, lo- 
cated in the town of Beaver, Penn., came to Wash 
ington in 1849, and entered the junior class atWash- 
iugton College, which, later, was consolidated with 
the Jefferson College. Mr. Braden graduated 
from this institution in the summer of 1851, and 
at once commenced the study of law in the office 
of Hon. George S. Hart, who at that time was Dis 
trict Attorney for Washington county, and subse- 
quently was elected Judge of the Courts of said 
county. Mr. Braden was admitted to the Bar of 
Washington County in 1853, and from that time 
to the present has practiced his profession with a 
fair show of success, standing at all times in a 


"' W^Sy'J?* - 




position with those in the front rank at the Bar. On 
November 11, 1851' he was married to Miss Anna 
C. Ruple, the youngest daughter of Col. James 
Ruple, Sr. , deceased, and to them have been born 
a large family, as follows: Rebecca, intermarried 
with D. J. McAdam, Professor in Washington and 
Jefferson Oillege; John Mclntyre Braden, who is 
a member of the Bar in this county, since 1879, 
and has attained a prominent position in the ranks 
of the legal profession, enjoying a large and lu 
crative practice; Alfred Goodrich Braden, a grad- 
uate of Washington and Jefferson College, and 
fur the last eight years the successful Principal of 
the schools in the borough of Washington; George 
W. Braden, who is by profession a photographer, 
anil follows that business in said borough at the 
present time; Lillie M., who teaches a select school 
in said borough; Ernest Braden, who died De 
cember 24, 1891; James Paul Braden, who is a 
student at the before-mentioned college; Anna and 
Kate Braden, who reside at home with their par 
ents. There were also two other children, Arthur 
and William, who died in their infancy. In p'lli 
tics Mr. Braden has always been a Democrat, and 
at all times ready and willing to do his best for 
the advancement of the principles of his chosen 
party. He never held office, except School Di- 
rector and Member of the Council, and also Presi 
dential Elector in the Cleveland and Harrison cam- 
paign in 1892, which ended in a manner entirely 
satisfactory to the subject of this sketch. 

Hall, of Wheeling, W. Va., son of Stewart Hall, 
of County Tyrone, Ireland, son of John Hall, Esq., 
of Kssex. England, and Irene Zaue Howell, daugh- 
ter of James Howell, of Scotland. The children 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Alfred G. Braden are as fol- 
lows: Irene Howell, Alfred Goodrich and Ida 
Rebecca. Politically Mr. Braden is a Democrat, 
and in religion he is a member of the M. E. Church, 
in which for some years he has taken an active 

[( LFRED G. BRADEN, principal of the 
l\ public schools of Washington, was born 
4\ October 16, 1858, in Washington, Penn., a 
-* son of John D. Braden, Esq., and Anna 
Ruple Braden. At the high school of his 
native town he received a thorough general educa- 
tional training, and he then entered Washington 
and Jefferson College, where he pursued a four 
years' course of reading and study in classics, etc. 
Mr. Braden' s first business experience after 
leaving college was as civil engineer for the Pitts 
burg Southern Railroad Company, in which capac- 
ity he served one year, and then was with the 
Chartiers & Youghiogheny Railroad Company in 
similar service two years. In 1884 he accepted 
the appointment of principal of public schools of 
Washington, which position he occupies with credit 
to himself and the satisfaction of all interested. 
To the management and improvement of the 
schools Mr. Braden has given his entire time and 
attention, and by bis assiduous efforts, coupled 
with those of an able corps of assistants, has ele- 
vated the educational institutions under his charge 
to a high degree of excellency. 

On July 21, 1886, Mr. Braden was united in 
marriage with Ida Mann, daughter of John H. 

GOLIN M. REED. Alexander Reed, grand 
father of the subject of this memoir, was a 
■-.hi .if Robert Reed, who had graduated at 
Edinburgh, Scotland, and was a minister of 
considerable repute aud high standing in that coun- 
try: but was called to Ireland to preach against 
the Arian heresy then creeping into the Presby- 
terian Church. The church Robert Reed estab- 
lished at Manor Cunningham, in County Donegal, 
Ireland, had at one time, it is said, as many as a 
thousandcommunicauts,and his children and grand- 
children have been the sole occupants of the pulpit 
for over one hundred and fifty years. Alexander 
Heed's brother, Thomas, and his mother's brother, 
Alexander Cunningham, had settled in the town of 
Washington, Penn., some time bef.n-e the advent 
of Alexander Reed, who came in L794, from Done 
gal, Ireland. The death of his brother, just men- 
tioned, occurring soon after Alexander's arrival in 
Washington, he became sole proprietor of the store 
now occupied by his grandsons, Colin M. and 
Alexander (brothers), and records show that he 
was in business in 1794. He became much in- 
terested in developing the agricultural resources of 
the county, and from time to time purchased a 
considerable amount of real estate. In 1821 he 
bought a flock of imported Spanish Merino sheep 
of Alexander Wilson, of Philadelphia, began the 
business of fine-wool growing, and was the first to 
send wool to the Eastern market; he lived to see 
Washington the finest wool-growing county in the 
United States, with a million sheep on her hills and 
meadows. He was also among the first to intro- 
duce the best breeds of English horses and cattle 
into this part of the State. In 1826 he sent silk- 
worm eggs to George Rapp, of Economy, the 
founder of the Economite Society, who gave them 
to his granddaughter, and it was not long before 
both Mr. Rapp and his granddaughter made their 
appearance in Washington, on a certain fair day, 
arrayed in suits of handsome black silk, the manu- 
factured product of that gift of silkworm eggs. 
This was in reality the beginning of the silk fac- 
tory at Economy, which was in operation some 
thirty or forty years. In the charter of Washing- 
ton College, Alexander Reed was one of the trustees, 
as well as of the Female Seminary. He aided in 



establishing, and was president of, the Franklin 
Bank of Washington (which became, in 1864, the 
First National Bank) from its foundation in 1836; 
he was treasurer of the First Presbyterian Church 
of Washington from its organization, in 1809, till 
his death, a period of twenty-seven years. He 
was president of "The Moral Society'" of Wash- 
ington borough, which was formed April 14, 1825, 
its object being the suppression of vice and im- 
morality. In fact, in all projects and enterprises 
tending to the advancement of the interests of 
town or country; in all the institutions devoted to 
the promotion of the cause of education, morals or 
religion, he was prominent, active and efficient. 
His regard for truth, equity and honesty was the 
foundation of the universal confidence reposed in 
him. In all the varied and multiplied transactions 
of nearly fifty years, his truth and integrity were 
never impeached, and he was never engaged in a 
lawsuit. Mr. Reed was an A. F. & A. M., and a 
member of Lodge No. 54, Washington, which 
dropped out of existence about the time of the 
war of 1812. In his political sentiments he was 
a Whig. He died in September, 1842. 

In 1799 Alexander Reed was united in marriage 
with Janet, daughter of Rev. Colin McFarquhar, 
of Inverness, Scotland, who came to this country 
during the Revolutionary war, and for thirty years 
preached in an old church that is yet standing in 
Donegal, Lancaster Co., Penn. The children born 
to Alexander and Janet (McFarquhar) Reed were: 
George, Eliza, Colin M., Robert Rentoul, Alex 
ander and Sarah; the last tw_o dying in infancy; 
George died at the age of twenty eight years, and 
many cherished hopes for a brilliant future were 
buried with him; Eliza was called from earth while 
on a visit to Philadelphia, just in the bloom of 
womanhood; Colin M. has special mention further 
on: Robert Rentoul. also has special mention be- 
low; Janet Reed died in ISIS, and Alexander Reed 
married Isabella Lyon, daughter of Samuel Lyon, 
of Carlisle, widow of William H >ge, of Washington, 
and a sister of Hon. James <1. Blaine's grand- 
mother; she lived until June, 1868; Alexander 
Reed died in September, 1842. 

Dr. Robert Rentoul Reed, son of Alexander and 
Janet (McFarquhar) Reed, was born March 12. 
1807. He graduated at Washington College in 
1S24, studied medicine with Dr. LeMoyne, and 
graduated from Jefferson Medical College, Phila- 
delphia. In 1 S4S he was nominated for Congress 
in the district then composed of Washington and 
Beaver, and represented the district in 1S49 and 
1 850. He was a member of the Pennsylvania 
Legislature in 1863 and 1864. In all benevolent 
enterprises Dr. Reed was always foremost. For a 
number of years he acted as vice-president and 
afterward as agent of the Pennsylvania Coloniza- 
tion Society, in which philanthropic enterprise lie 

rendered most efficient service. For thirty six 
years he was a consistent member of the First 
Presbyterian Church, and during seventeen of 
these years he was a ruling elder, and for twenty- 
six years was superintendent of the Sabbath- school. 
In 1830 he married Eleanor, eldest daughter of 
Judge Thomas H. Baird, and their children were: 
Ann Eliza, Alexander, Thomas, Janet, George, 
Eleanor, Isabel, Robert. Colin. William, Joseph 
and Charles. Only four of these twelve children 
are living: George, Colin, William and Joseph. 
Dr. R. R. Reed died December 14, 1864; his 
widow June 25, 1892. 

Alexander Reed, born near Washington Septem 
ber 28, 1832, graduated from Washington College 
in 1851, and Western Theological Seminary in 
1856. He was a Presbyterian minister, an eloquent 
and attractive preacher of the Gospel. Princeton 
College conferred the degree of D. D. on Dr. Reed 
in 1865. His first charge was Octorara, one of the 
long-established churches of the Presbytery of 
Chester, from 1856 to 1864. From there he went 
to the Central Church of Philadelphia, and remained 
until 1873. He then went to the South Church of 
Brooklyn, and resigned this charge on account of 
ill health. He then went to Europe with his family 
for a year (having been abroad before for the sum- 
mer of 1869), and when he returned from Europe 
he became pastor of the Central Church of Denver, 
Colo., where he lived until he died, November 18, 
1878. He had six children: Elizabeth, Eleanor, 
James Watson, Robert Rentoul, Mary Morgan and 
Alexander. Of these, Elizabeth died when an in- 
fant, and Alexander in March, 1889, aged eleven 
years. The widow of Alexander Reed lives in 
Washington with her daughter, James Watson, in 
Denver, Robert in Pittsburgh. Thomas Baird 
Reed was an eminent physician in Philadelphia. 
He was born October 23, 1834, graduated at Wash 
iugton College in 1S52; was medical student with 
Dr. Blackburn, and graduated at Jefferson Med 
ical College, Philadelphia. He was resident phy- 
sician in the Pennsylvania Hospital from 1859 to 
1861. During the Civil war he was a surgeon in 
the Pennsylvania Volunteers from 1862 to 1865. 
On October 23, 1867, he married Mary G., daugh 
ter of Archibald Campbell, of Carlisle, Penn., and 
they had four daughters: Elizabeth, Eleanor, 
Marie and Janet, three of whom are living; Marie, 
the third daughter, died February 22, 1S93. Dr. 
Thomas D. Reed died April 1, 1891. George W. 
Reed is in business in Pittsburgh; he was in the 
Civil war. He married Matilda MeKenuan. daugh- 
ter of Hon. Thomas McKennan, and sister of Judge 
McKennan. They have had twelve children: Rob- 
ert, Thomas, Baird, Alexander, George, William, 
Clark, Eleanor, John, Matilda, Joseph and Frank, 
all living except Alexander and Frank, who died in 
infancy. Colin graduated from Washington and 



Jefferson College in 1869. In 1874 be married 
Lida Lord, of Mississippi, and they had six chil- 
dren: William, Robert, Richard, Eva, Lida and 
Colin, of whom Richard died in infancy. Lida 
Reed died in 1885, and Colin afterward married 
her sister, Louisa Lord. William was educated at 
Washington and Lafayette College. He married, 
in 1875, Mary McKnight, of Pittsburgh, and they 
had six children: Margaret, Eleanor, Katharine, 
Thomas, Mary and William, of whom Eleanor, 
Mary and William are not living. Mary, wife of 
William B. Reed, died in September, 1889. Rob 
ert Reed died in the army at Georgetown, D. C, 
July 16, 1863, of typhoid fever. Joseph is the 
editor of Arthur's Home Magazine, and lives in 
Philadelphia. All the daughters died when quite 
young, and Charles when an infant. 

Colin M. Reed, Sr. , was born in Washington, 
Penn., November 28, 1804. He was prominently 
identified with the business interests of Washing 
ton. His father, Alexander Reed, was the first 
president of the Franklin Bank, which was organ 
ized in 1836. Colin M. was elected to the same 
position in 1852, and held it until the same insti- 
tution was organized in 1865 as the First National 
Bank, of which he was elected president, and held 
the office without intermission until his death. In 
1855 he was made a director of the HemptieU 
Railroad Company, and continued one until it was 
merged into the Baltimore & Ohio. From 1841 
he was a trustee of Washington Female Seminary. 
and one of the largest stockholders. For many 
years he was a trustee of Washington and Jeffer 
son College and until his death. He was a mem- 
ber of the first board organized in 1843 for the 
management of the common schools of Washing- 
ton. He was for years president of the Washing- 
ton Gas Company and of the board of trustees of 
the Washington Cemetery. During our Civil war 
he acted as treasurer and general agent for Wash- 
ington county in behalf of the Christian Commis- 
sion. He was also very much interested in the 
temperance cause, and in the Bible Society. He 
was a trustee of the First Presbyterian Church, 
and served as treasurer for twenty-seven years. 
He was not a politician in the sense that he sought 
office, but was always very much interested in the 
success of the Republican party. 

In 1835 he was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Ritner, widow of Lieutenant Ritner, U. S. army. 
She died in March, 1837, leaving a daughter, 
Mary, now the wife of Henry Laughlin, of the firm 
of Jones & Laughlin, of Pittsburgh. In 1842 Mr. 
Reed married Sarah E. Chapman, of Massachu- 
setts, sister of Maj. William Chapman, and the 
children of this marriage were Isabella, Laura, 
Helen, Alexander, Colin M., Jr., Robert, Ethel ind 
and Alice. Of these Isabella married William 
Copeland, of Pittsburgh, and both have been dead 

many years; Laura is the wife of James R. Clark, 
and is now living in Mandan, N. D. (They have 
three children: Colin, Anne and Isabel). Alexau- 
der graduated at Washington and Jefferson Col- 
lege in 1871, and is in business with Colin M. 
Reed, Jr.; Alice married John L. Dickey, a prom 
inent physician of Wheeling. W. Ya. ; Alexander 
and Ethelind are unmarried; Helen and Robert 
died in earlv childhood. Colin M. Reed, Sr.,died 
January 12," 1SS8, his wife August 7, 1892. He 
served as treasurer of the First Presbyterian 
Church at Washington twenty-seven years. 

Colin M. Reed, Jr., was born and educated in 
Washington. In 1874 he married Ada Brownlee, 
of Iowa, who was educated at Washington Female 
Seminary. She was a daughter of Samuel Brown- 
Ice anil Katharine Clark, and a granddaughter of 
William Brownlee and Joseph C. Clark — both men 
prominently identified with the wool growing in 
dustry. Colin M. and Ada B. Reed had six chil 
dren, five of whom are living: Katharine, Harriet, 
Charles, Alexander and Colin; the second child 
in infancy. Colin M. Reed is a director in the 
1'irst National Back; a trustee of the Washington 
Female Seminary, and trustee of the Firs! Presby 
terian Church. 

SAAC W. MITCHELL is one .,f the best-known 
business men of Washington, and partner in 
probably the oldest grocery house in the place. 
He is descended fmm a Scotch Irish family, 
who in an early day emigrated from the North of 
Ireland to this country, making a settlement on 
Short creek, in West Virginia. Alexander Mitch- 
ell, paternal grandfather of Isaac W. , by occupa- 
tion a farmer, was a native of West Virginia, where 
were born to him five children, all deceased. 

Zachariah Mitchell, father of subject, grew to 
manhood at the place of his birth, and was reared 
to agricultural pursuits, which he followed until 
1853. In 1844 he married Miss Ann, daughter of 
George and Jane (Wilson) Baird, of Washington, 
Penn. This Baird family were of Scotch ancestry, 
the first to come to America having been John 
Baird, who was born in Scotland about the year 
1730, and crossed the Atlantic with Gen. Braddock 
in 1755. His only son, Dr. Absalom Baird, was 
the first of the family to come to Washington, 
which was in 1786; he served in the Revolutionary 
war, first as ensign aud afterward as assistant sur- 
geon. He was the one who trepanned Gen. An- 
thony Wayne's skull, which had been struck by a 
musket ball at the storming of Stony Point, N. Y., 
on the night of July 15, 1779. After coming to 
Washington, Dr. Baird built a house which, but 
little changed, still stands, and during the visit of 
the French king, Louis Philippe, to the United 
States at the close of the last century, the royal 


ii VSHINOTOh COl \ l) 

exile was entertained for some time in this house. 
Dr Baird died October 27, 1805, the n^sult of a 
full from u horse. One of his sons. George, be 
oame the grandfather of our subject. Ho was horn 
in Kennett Square, Penn., in 1785 was educated 
at Washington Academy ami for a time "a- a 
tutor Afterward he embarked in mercantile pur 
suits in Washington, in which he continued until 
his death, November 1. L8C0, the present business 
of his son, A Todd Baird, having been established 
l>v him. At the age of twenty -i\ (1811) In- be 
came sheriff of Washington county; was also a 
member of the Legislature, filling an unexpired 
term. Hi' was married October 25, 1811, to Jane 
w >on, who l' >re him fourteen children seven 
^,'n- and 9even daughters. In 185-2 Mr. ami Mrs. 
Zaohariab Mitchell removed to Missouri, where t ho 
latter died August 28, 1853, the mother <>f five 
children., \ George B (deceased); Alexander, 
treasurer of the Mutual Savings Hank of Wheel 
iug, W, Va : and Martha B . Isaac W.,and James 
i\ ashierof the Dime Savings Institution of Wash 
ington, ali residents of Washington. After the 
mother's death the father went t" Pexas, and there 
made his homo until 1865, in whicb year ho returned 
to Missouri, where he died March 20, 188 

Isaac W Mitchell was horn m Wheeling, W 
\ i . February 10, 1851, and was but two years ol 
age wheu brought to Washington, whore, at the 
common schools of the borough, and at Washing 
ton and Jefferson College, he received his educa- 
tion. He chose ho tkkeeping as his life work, which 
rooatiou ho followed two years in Iowa ami three 
years in Chicago, 111., hut on account of failing 
health ho returned to Washington in 1^71 [n 
I8S5 ho engaged with his uncle, Mr A Todd 
Baird, in the grooery business which ho has since 
successfull) conducted. On November 1. 18S2, 
Mr Mitchell was married to Mi>s Sarah K Hill, 
of Blairsville, Indiana Co., Penn. , daughter of Re> 
George Hill. O D., pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church, and president of the board of trustees of the 
Western theological Seminary at Allegheny, Penn. 
Co this union four children have been born: Elea- 
uor Baird, Georgia Hill. Harriot Todd and 
Marthine B . of whom two, Georgia and Harriet 
l'odd. are deceased. Our subject is a busy man 
and has filled and is filling various offices of trust, 
amoug which may be mentioned: borough coun- 
cilman; treasurer of Washington and Jefferson 
College; treasurer of the V M C A . treasurer 
and director of the Washington Glass Company ; 
director of the Gas. Electric Light a Power and 
TylerTnb a Pi] > Companies, and of the Farmers 
a Mecha N inal Bank. \\^~ is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church of Washington, ami in 
In'1 was sent to Minneapolis as a delegate from 
the Young People's S bristian Endeavor 


MORGAN MAURER, M. D., of the Homo 
opathic school of medicine, is one of the lead 
ing and busiest physicians in the borough of 
Washington. Ho was born in Pottsville, 
Penn., on October 24, l848,asonof F. H. and 
Anna M. (Morgan) Maurer, the former of whom is 
now a resident of Denver, Colo. ; the latter died in 
the spring of 1880. The Maurer family axe of 
German descent. Mrs. Maurer was a daughter of 
roseph Morgan, of Schuylkill county, Penn. Mr. 
and Mrs F. H Maurer had a family of eight 
children, of whom the Bubjeot of this sketch is the 
only one living in Washington count] ; he has one 
brother Howard M. Maurer, and one sister Anna 
M Maurer in Philadelphia, one sister— Kate A. 
Bassett in Sheldon, Iowa, and two brothers John 
L. and George F. Maurer in Denver, Colorado. 
J. Morgan Maurer was two years old when his 
parents moved with their family to Baltimore, M.I.. 
and here ho received a liberal common-school 
education. He commenced the study of medicine 
in 1ST1 ami during 1873, '74, '75, attended the 
Hahnemann Medical College of Philadelphia, from 
whiob he graduated. After this he practiced a 
short time in Baltimore, thou in Pottsville, till 
September, 1877, when he came to Washington, 
rhere being at that time no Homoeopathic physician 
in the town, be had to work his way into practice, 
h\ demonstrating (againt no inconsiderable amount 
of prejudice) the real merits of the Hahnemann 
system; and his remarkable success is shown by an 
almost unparalleled professional record, and the 
general verdict of the community among whom he 
practices. The Dootor makes a specialty of the 
diseases of women and children, and his ride for a 
long time extended throughout the entire county, 
but of late years he has to a considerable extent 
given up country practice. 

In March. 1 VS T. Di Maurer was married to 
Miss Susan -lane, daughter of William H. and 
lane K (Jones) Taylor, of whom mention is made 
elsewhere, and one child has blessed their union 
Jane E Mrs Maurer is a member of the First 
M E Church of Washington. Dr. Maurer is a 
member of the Episcopal Church of Pottsville, 
Penn.. and socially he is connected with the 1. O. 
F. and Jr. 0. I A M He has been extensive 
ly interested in the development of the oil fields in 
ami around Washington county. 

WILLIAM 1. McCLEARY. This widely 
known dentist is descended from rugged 
S tch Irish ancestry, hi- grandfather, 
Thomas McCleary, having, at an early 
day. emigrated to America from the mother conn 
try after his marriage in England with Miry Linn, 
a native of that GOUntri 



They settled in Virginia, and had the following 
family: James, Jane (married John Fowler), John 
(deeeased when young), Eliza (married James 
Ciiii), Sarah (married John Fowler), William, 
Swing (married Mary A. McGee), Thomas (twice 
married, lirst time to Kate Pryor, and after her 
death to Mary McGrew; ho was a Methodist min- 
ister for over forty years, and a recognized leader 
in the community). Martha (Mrs-. Lewi- Carter) 
and Julia (Mrs. .lames Reed). The father of this 
family was both an agriculturist and a cooper, and 
after coming to Virginia lie passed his days on a 
farm in Brooke county. In politics he was a faith- 
ful Democrat, and in religion a devout member of 
the M. E. Church. 

William McCIeary, father of the subject of this 
sketch, was born February 18, 1805, near Win 
Chester. His father removed to Brooke county, 
Va. , where ho was reared and educated, and 
learned the trade of cooper. On reaching his 
majority (the farm lieing small and the family 
large), he left (he parental roof for the purpose of 
carving out his own fortune, and being of a deli 
oate constitution, ho was obliged to look for such 
work as he was best able to perform. He taught 
school, took trading vessels down the Ohio, etc., 
and after a time ho engaged to drive the stage 
then being run between Washington and Wellsburg. 
After driving for some months on this route, he 
secured employment as driver of a mail coach on 
the Cumberland road. Under this engagement he 
first drove from Hillshoro to Claysville, afterward 
from Washington to Wheeling, and during a por- 
tion of the time into Ohio. He drove in all about 
eighteen years, sometimes two, sometimes four, 
and on special occasions even six horses. During 
his career he was associated with men, most of 
whom are now forgotten, and many a tale would 
he tell, in after years, of the excitement when the 
opposition lines were competing for public patron- 
age, and when the orders to the drivers were " to 
make the time or kill the horses" (ten miles an 
hour); also of the not infrequent runaways, one of 
which well deserves to be perpetuated in history. 
" Mr. McCIeary Was driving a large black team from 
Triadelphia to Wheeling. On coming to Wheel- 
ing hill ho threw the rubber bar down, but the 
blocks jumping out, the bar struck the off wheel 
horse, which sprang forward, and in an instant 
the team became unmanageable and in full flight. 
Reaching the culvert at the foot of the hill, the 
coach turned over, hind end foremost, threw the 
driver in a hog wallow, and tumbled the passengers 
and mail around generally. Finding no one hurt, 
and the horses all gone, he ran for the postoffice 
to have them bring their wagon and get the mail 
in on time; for if he failed to get the mail to the 
office at the right time, he was liable to lose his 
position. Only one horse of that team was ever 

lit )., be hitched again, and two of them were killed 
OUtrighi in the disaster. - ' Mr. McCIeary lived in 
Claysville six years; then, when Col. William Hop- 
kins was commissioner of the road, ho took charge 
of the tollgate near West Alexander (at which 

i the tolls often amounted to as much as $400 

per month), and lived there nine years. It was not 
uncommon in those .lavs for twenty or more stage 

coaches to be ill full view at one time, so great 
was the traffic. After leaving the toll gate, Mr. 

McCIeary moved to East Finley township, and 
settled on a farm purchased of George Enlow. 

Later he boughi thn ther tracts of land, two in 

this county, and one in West Virginia, all vain 
able. William McCIeary was married January 17, 
1836, to Susan G., a daughter of Thomas Wilkin 
son, of Hillsboro, Penn. Their children ware 
Thomas J., James C, John E., Mary .1. (Mrs. 
Roberl Bell), Sarah E. (Mrs. Porter McCarrell), 
William L.. Martha L. (Mrs. John Donely), Fran 
cisM., Lewis C, Martin L. (deeeased) and Caro- 
line A (Mrs. William Wachter). The father died 
April :i. 1882, all his family lieing with him in his 
last moments, except one daughter who had died 
in her thirtieth year. He was essentially a self- 
made man, having started in life with naught save 
his industrious hands and a willing heart, and 
when ho was called from earth his estate was 
valued at $50,000. He was an exemplary man in 
all respects, of unquestioned integrity and truth, 
a lover of home with its quiet cares and enjoy- 
ments. For many years he was a consistent 
member of the Baptist Church at Pleasant Grove, 
East Finley township, in which ho held the 
office of deacon; in politics he was a pronounced 
Democrat, holding at different times various 
township offices. 

William L. McCIeary. the subject proper of this 
memoir, was born May 23, 1848, in DonegaHown- 
ship. his education being received at the public 
schools of the district. At the age of nineteen he 
came to Washington borough, and entered the den- 
tal office of Dr. Samuel Fulton, where he remained 
in the study of dentistry two years, and then 
opened an office for the practice of that profession, 
in Uniontown, Fayette county, whence, after a res- 
idence of four years, he returned to Washington. 
On November 3, 1875, he was married to Mary E., 
daughter of S. M. Brinton, of Allegheny county, 
and to this union seven children were born. viz. : 
Mariana L., William M., Sarah E. (deceased), Ruth 
G., Elizabeth B., Homer B., and Esther B. The 
ancestors of the Brinton family of Allegheny 
county came from England at an early day, set- 
tling in West Chester, Penn., and the grandfather 
of Mrs. McCIeary moved thence to Allegheny 
county, making his home on a farm in the Tnrtle 
Creek valley, where be died. Ho was a member of 
the Society of Friends. S. M. Brinton, father of 



Mrs. McCleary, w;is born in eastern Pennsylvania. 
He came with his parents to Allegheny county, 
where be followed agricultural pursuits all his days. 
He was twice married, iirstto Elizabeth Donley, who 
bore him one child Robert. His second wife was 
Mary McGrew, a native of Westmoreland county, 
and by this union were born: S. M., Jr., William 
M., Mary E., M. H. and Sarah J. (Mrs. J. How- 
aid (Hark). Mr. Brinton died on January 16, 
1890. In religion he was a member of the Society 
of Friends, and in politics was first a Republican, 
later a Democrat. Dr. McCleary is a member of 
the Baptist Church, and is at present serving as 
trustee. In politics he is purely independent; vot- 
ing according to his judgment for " the right man 
in the right place." Aside from his profession he 
has divers interests, such as oil and gas specula- 
tions, as well as various fanning interests. He is 
a member of the People's Light & Heat Com- 
pany and of the Tyler Tube Works. 

\L/s in Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1735, graduated 
If V at Glasgow, studied theology, and was 
1) -^ licensed to preach in 1756. Ordained in 
v 1758, he was sent to America. Soon after 

his arrival he settled as pastor of the Associate 
Church at Oxford, Chester Co., Penn., and re- 
mained at Oxford until 1781, when he became pas- 
tor of Chartiers and Buffalo churches in Washing- 
ton county, Penn., being the first minister of that 
denomination to settle west of the Alleghany 
mountains. He remained with this people, teach- 
ing and preaching the Gospel, until called to his 
rest October 2, 1795. A falling tree caused his 
death. He was married to Mary Ferris, and to 
them were born ten children, namely; Matthew, 
Mary, John, Ellen, Elizabeth, Ann, Ebenezer, 
Joseph, Robert, and Jane. Matthew was a minis- 
ter and married Miss Patterson- Mary married 
Samuel White, a farmer; John married Isabella 
Russell; Ellen married Samuel Murdoch, M. D. ; 
Elizabeth married Alexander Murdoch; Ann mar 
tied Rev. Thomas Allison; Ebenezer was a minis- 
ter and married Miss Noble; Joseph was a phy- 
sician; Robert married Elizabeth Russell, and Jane 
married James Clark, a farmer. 

Robert Henderson, who married Elizabeth Rus- 
sell, lived on a farm in Chartiers township, ami to 
them were born seven children: Matthew, Andrew, 
Ebenezer, Alexander, John, Mary and Robert. 
Their eldest son, Matthew, was born December 1, 
1803, in Chartiers township, was married February 
I 1, 1829, to Mary Hutchinson, and lived here until 
1853, when they moved to Mercer county, Penn. 
In 1851) they moved to Lawreuce county, Penn.. 
and returned to Washington county in 1885. 
Mrs. Mary Henderson died in Lawrene inty, 

January 1, 1S77. To them were born six children: 
John 11., Elizabeth R., Robert A., Martha J., 
Frances M. and Harriet A. Johu H. married 
Nancy Hammond, who died, and he married Em- 
ma C. Robinson. By his first wife he had four 
children: John Allison. Margaret, William and 
Alexander. The latter died at the age of nine 
teen. Elizabeth li. married Robert J. Harper, and 
to them four children were born: Anna M., Eliza 
lieth H. , Ella (now deceased) and Eva O. G. 
Robert A. married Mary Ellen Blair, to whom 
three sons were born: Frank B., Audley C. and 
William A. Martha J. remains single. Harriet 
A. died December 17, 1881. Frances M. married 
Rev. Johu Weir, has two daughters: Mary H. and 
Margaret B. Rev. John Weir died May 28, 1873. 
He was a preacher in Canada. In politics Mr. 
Matthew Henderson was a Whig, and is now a 
Republican. In religious faith he is a member of 
Chartiers United Presbyterian Church. 

resident of Canonsburg since early in 1870. 
He is a thorough American, being able to 
trace every line of ancestry (with perhaps a 
single exception) to progenitors upon Amer 
icau soil for two centuries and longer, embracing 
English, Welsh, German, Dutch, Swedish and 
French original settlers. He is a descendant of 
the old Cheshire (England) family of Potts, through 
a branch who had settled in Montgomeryshire, 
Wales, where they embraced the religious views of 
George Fox and William Penn. 

On account of the religious persecution of the 
time, David Potts and one or two brothers mi- 
grated to Philadelphia county, Penn., about 1090. 
In 1694 David Potts married Alice Croasdale, who 
with her parents had come over with William Penn 
in 1082. Their third son, Daniel, born in 1697, 
married Sarah Shoemaker in 1721. Their son, 
Samuel, born in 1723, married Ann Ashmead (nee 
Rush) in 1751. Their son. James, born 1752, 
married Sarah Wessell in 1777. Their youngest 
son, Thomas Jefferson Potts, was 'born in 1798, and 
married Margaret Carter in 1835. The subject of 
this sketch was the eldest sou of this marriage, 
having been born February 17, 1830. in Chester 
county, Penn. The other original paternal ances- 
tors of Mr. Potts, in America, were: Thomas 
Croasdale, Peter Shoemaker, Isaac Opden Graef, 
Jacob Isaacs Van Bebber, Capt. John Rush, Bryan 
Peart, Henry Stirk, Edward Eaton and John Wells, 
of Pennsylvania, and Wessel Evertszen, Claes Jan- 
Ben St avast, Cornells Van Tienhoven, Guylen Vinge 
and Claes Claeszen Bording, of New York. Among 
the first American ancestors on his mother's side, 
may be mentioned Jeremiah Carter, William Clay- 
ton, Edward Bezer. Walter Marten, Joseph Bushal, 



William Cloud, John Butler, Johu Fisher, John 
Hough, William Bean ami Hauce Pietterson, of 
Pennsylvania and Delaware. 

Mr. Potts spent his boyhood upon his father's 
farm in Chester county, Perm., receiving his edu- 
cation in the schools of his neighborhood, and at 
the State Normal School in Millersville, l'onn. 
From 1857 to 1866 he taught school at Greenwood 
Seminary, Millville, Columbia county, and at the 
academy in Dowingtown, Penn. In 1866 and 1867 
he was principal of the public schools of Bellville, 
Ohio. From 1866 to 1877 he had an interest in 
the retail hardware business at Bellville, Ohio, 
and at Canousburg, Penn. He has held a num- 
ber of local offices. In 1867 he was mayor of 
Bellville, Ohio, and subsequently a member of the 
Bellville school board. At Canousburg he has 
served a number of terms as chief burgess, and as 
a member of the town council. He has served 
some thirteen or fourteen years as a school director, 
and since 18S8 has been a justice of the peace. In 
politics he is a Republican, and in religion a Pres 
byterian, being a ruling elder and superintendent 
of the Sabbath-school of the First Presbyterian 
Church of his adopted town. In 1870 he estab 
lished the first permanent printing office in Can 
onsburg, and in 1872 founded the Canonsburg 
Herald, which he edited and published until 1888. 
This paper, under his charge, was edited with 
great care and considerable ability, and became a 
power for good in the community. In 1888 he dis- 
posed of it to the present publisher. For many 
years he has been an amateur antiquarian and 
genealogist, and has collected a large amouut of val- 
uable family history of Pennsylvania and New York 
families. In 1877 he published " A Short Biograph- 
ical Sketch of Maj. James Potts," a small bound 
volume of about eighty pages. In 1883 he issued 
a " Bi-Centenary Memorial of Jeremiah Carter, 
etc.," containing about 300 pages. He has now 
in press a volume entitled " Our Family Ancestors," 
which promises to be a very valuable work to 
genealogists. It will embrace sketches of some 
fifty families, tracing each from the settlement of 
the first American ancestor. The material for all 
of these works has been gathered from original 
sources. He has been a corresponding member of 
the New England Historic- Genealogical Society 
since 1887, and has been president of the Canons- 
burg Library Association since 1880. Mr. Potts 
has attained some distinction in Fraternal societies, 
being a Past Grand and a Past Chief Patriarch of 
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and a Past 
Regent of the Royal Arcanum. As an Odd Fellow, 
he has served as a deputy grand master of Wash- 
ington county, and has been a representative in the 
Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania many times. He 
has also been a representative in the Grand Coun- 
cil, R. A., of Pennsylvania. 

On March '22, 1860, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Miller, daughter of Reuben and 
Sarah (Baker) Miller, of Chester county, Penn. 
Mrs. Potts can trace quite as honorable and nu- 
merous a lineage as her husband, being a direct 

< descendant of the following early settlers of Penn 
sylvania and New Jersey: Gayen Miller, Dr. 
Patrick Henderson, Jacob Kirk, Francis Hobson, 
Henry Mitchell, Richard Cove, Johu Stackhouse, 
Thomas Pearson, Thomas Stevenson, Samuel Jen 
ings. Joseph Baker, Richard Woodward, William 
Edwards, John Ingram, Henry Hayes, Thomas 

j Cox, John Buzby, Archibald McNeill, Richard 
Few, Francis Stanfield, John Bently. Joel Baily, 

j and others. Mr. and Mrs. Potts have had born 
to them the following children: (1) Reuben Claude, 
who married Clara B. Fife in 1882, and resides at 
Parkersburg, Penn.; (2) Thomas Pliny, now a 
theological student; ('■'<) William Baker and (4) 
Mitchell Miller, merchants at Canonsburg, and (5) 
Louis Maxwell, a student in Washington and Jef 
fersou College. 

\ILLIAM DENNEY, M. D., one of the 
established and most successful physi 
cians of Washington, is a native of the 
State, born in Jefferson, Greene county, 
October 28, 1851. 
John Denney, his great grandfather, came to 
America from England at anearly date, settling 
in Greene county, Penn. In his native land he 
was a tailor by trade, but in this country he fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits, and at the time of 
his death was the owner of a considerable estate. 
His son, William, grandfather of Dr. Denney, 
married Elizabeth Blackledge, and some time in 
the "forties" they moved to Missouri, where they 
died of malarial fever. A brief record of their 
children is as follows: Enoch Harvey has special 
mention further on; Simon died in Missouri; John 
is a resident of Marion. Ohio; Benjamin is a prac- 
ticing physician in Waynesburg, Penn.; George 
also resides at Waynesburg; William died in 
Missouri; Hannah is the wife of a wealthy farmer 
named R. Colony, in Johnson oounty, Iowa; Mary 
is married to a Mr. Keefer, and lives near Monte- 
zuma, Iowa; Grace is married, and resides near 
Tiffin, Johnson Co. , Iowa. 

Enoch Harvey Denney, father of Dr. Denney, 
was born near Jefferson, Greene Co., Penn., in 
1820. By occupation he was a carpenter, cabinet 
maker and undertaker. In politics he is a Re- 
publican, for many years served as school director, 
and has been elected a justice of the peace six 
times. In 1880 he married Mary, daughter of 
Evan and Nancy (Fulton) McCullough, who lived 
and died on Castile run, in Greene county, Penn. 
The McCullough family have been prominent in 



educational matters in Iowa. The sisters Jane, 
Rachel ami Margaret organized and have since 
conducted Mount Pleasant (Iowa) Female Semi 
nary. Jane and Margaret are graduates of Wash 
ington Female Seminary, and Rachel of the Steu- 
benville (Ohio) Seminary. The only brother was 
Col. John Fulton McCullough, who. at the age of 
eighteen years, entered the United States army as 
a private in Company F, First P. V. C , but on 
account of Ids father's death, in 1861, received 
his discharge and returned home. In 1862 he 
organized Company A, One Hundred and Fortieth 
Pennsylvania Reserves, and returned to active 
service; in 1864 he was promoted to major of 
the regiment, and was afterward commissioned 
colonel of the One Hundred and Eighty -third P. 
V. I. He was mortally wounded at the battle of 
Cold Harbor early in June, 1864, and died on the 
field. To Enoch H. and Mary (McCullough) 
Deuney were born children as follows: William, 
Isabella (wife of David Bell, of Morgan town- 
ship, Greene Co., Penu.), Anna N. (wife of M. S. 
Sm alley, president of the First National Bank of 
Hiawatha, Ivans.), and Evan M. , iu the employ of 
the Southwestern Pipe Line Company, at Morgan- 
town, W. Va. The mother departed this life on 
Christmas day, 1878, aged fifty four years; the 
father is still living in Greene county. 

William Denney, the subject proper of this 
sketch, received his primary education in and near 
his native village. In the fall of 1864 he went to 
Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where he studied for four 
years in Mt. Pleasant Seminary, under the direc- 
tion of his uncle, Rev. E. L. Belden, who was 
principal of that institution. He then entered the 
Wesleyan University of Iowa, where he studied for 
about two years. Iu 1870 he returned to his na- 
tive town of Jefferson and engaged in school teach- 
ing, which vocation he followed in different parts 
of Greene county until 1876. He then entered 
regularly upon his medical studies which he had 
been pursuing during vacation in teaching, in the 
office of his uncle, Dr. B. W. Deuney, of Garard's 
Fort. Greene Co., Penu. He afterward entered 
Miami Medical College, Cincinnati, Ohio, in which 
he took the progressive course, and from which he 
graduated in the spring of 1879. In June of that 
year he established himself in Claysville, where he 
remained until December 1, 1891, when he moved 
to Washington ami lias since continued in the act- 
ive practice of his profession, in wliich he has met 
with gratifying success, being professionally and 
socially highly esteemed in the community. On 
March 3, 1881, the Doctor was united in marriage 
with Lucinda, third daughter of John and Sarah 
Bell, of Morgan township, Greene Co., Penn., and 
they have two children: John McCullough and 
Mary Bell. Politically Dr. Denney is a Repub 
lican, and has held various offices of trust. He 

served as supervisor in the Eleventh Pennsyl 
rania District, iu connection with the eleventh decen- 
nial census of the counties of Washington, Greene, 
Fayette, Beaver and Somerset. He is a member 
of the Americus Club of Pittsburgh, Penn., and in 
religious faith is a member of the First Presbyte- 
rian Church of Washington. Dr. Denney is prom 
incut Iv identified with the Masonic fraternity, be- 
ing a member of the lodge, chapter and command 
ery at Washington, Penu., and a member of Syria 
Temple, Pittsburgh. 

the most esteemed and honored residents of 
Arnwell township, ranks among its first citi- 
zens. His grandfather, James Chambers, 
emigrated from the shores of "Green Erin" to 
America in the latter part of the eighteenth cent- 
ury, and in 1797 located iu Arnwell township, 
Washington Co., Penn., on Bane's fork of Ten- 
Mile creek. He and his wife died on the old farm, 
the parents of six children. 

James Chambers, sou of this brave old pioneer, 
at the age of eleven years emigrated from Ireland 
to Arnwell township with his parents, and two 
Inc. hers who came with him died on the farm 
where J. W. now lives. James learned and fol- 
lowed the trade of carpenter iu Washington bor- 
ough, and was here united in marriage with Mary, 
daughter of John Dodd, who settled ou the farm 
now owned by D. T. Morgan, aud owned a house 
where the Citizens" Bank now stands in Washing- 
ton. In 1803 he (Mr. Dodd) went ou a voyage 
down the Mississippi, and ou his return was shot 
by Indians. When he fell his horse ran with the 
saddle bags and papers, by which means he was 
identified as John Dodd. Mrs. Chambers died in 
November, 1814, anil Mr. Chambers afterward 
married Sarah Hastings, who died in 1867. Mr. 
Chambers was called from earth in February, 
lSti'^. He was a major in the militia, and more of 
a military man than a politician. 

"Judge'" James C. Chambers was born January 
II, IS 1 '2, in Washington, Washington Co., Penn., 
on a lot south of where the David hardware store 
now stands, and afterward lived ou East Maiden 
street. He grew to manhood on the old farm, and 
remained there until thirty years of age. His 
school privileges were of a very limited character. 
and in his case (to quote his own words) " pro- 
ficiency in the 'three It's' was the synonym for a 
'full-fledged graduate.' " On November 10, 1835, 
he was married to Miss Mary Hughes, and their 
union was blessed with nine children, as follows: 
Mary A. (married to T. J. Nichol), residing in 
Washington county; John (married to Martha 
Moninger); Margaret, deceased wife of John F. 
Terrel; Warren (deceased at the age of nine years); 






Ellen, married to Richard Fitzvvilliatu, of Wash- 
ington county; Sarah, married to Joshua Dicker- 
son, of Franklin township, this county ; James C. 
(deceased in his ninth year); Clarinda (married to 
Samuel C. McLean, and living in Franklin town- 
ship), and William (who died in his twenty first 
year). In 1839 Judge Chambers removed to Mor- 
ris township, where he remained fourteen years. 
In February, 1854, he came to his present home in 
Am well township, where his wife died February 
27, 1891, at the age of seventy-three years. 

In politics Judge Chambers was for many years 
one of the most active men in the county, origi- 
nally as an uncompromising Whig, afterward as a 
member of the American party, and he was one of 
the "Committee of Ten " appointed to sit in conven- 
tion for the purpose of organizing the Republican 
party in Washington county. This convention was 
held in the ''Fultou House," Washington, March 
18, 1856, the platform being occupied by Whigs, 
Americans, and kindred others whose leanings were 
toward the Republican phase of politics. The 
president on this occasion was James C Hart, the 
vice-presidents being J. Clark Chambers, John 
Hayes, John Johnson, Francis Fitzwilliams, David 
Walker. T. J. Odeubaugh, Joshua Wright, VV. H. 
McNary and Samuel J. Crothers; the secretaries 
were: Craig Ritchie, E. L. Christman, Joseph 
Welsh and Thomas Miller. Of late years the 
" Judge " has practically retired from political life, 
but he never fails to assert his rights as an Amer- 
ican citizen at the polls. In 1866 he .was elected 
associate judge for Washington county, his official 
term coming to a close at the end of five years. On 
same date (1866) Judge Achesou was elected pre 
siding judge, and our subject is the only elected 
associate judge now living in Washington county. 
So highly satisfactory, and with such a degree of 
integrity and strict impartiality, had he discharged 
the duties of his responsible position, that at a 
meeting of the members of the bar and officers of 
the court, held in the court- room November 17, 
1871, resolutions were passed bearing testimony to 
the high regard in which the retiring judge was 
held. The proceedings were presented in open 
court, and Judge Achesou directed them to be filed 
and entered on record, as so requested in one of 
the resolutions. 

On the occasion of the eightieth anniversary of 
Judge Chambers' birth, about sixty of his friends 
gathered at his home, and as a token of the high 
regard he commands in the community, and sub- 
stantial evidence of the unbounded respect in which 
he is held, he was made the recipient of several 
valuable presents. 

The Judge, in 1S35, was commissioned a captain 
in the cavalry. He has been a member of the Dis- 
ciple Church fifty years, and has ssrved as elder 

in the same four decades. He is in the enjoyment 
of good health, and now. as his life draws near the 
close, he has the friendship and esteem of all who 
have been associated with him in his earlier years 
of vigorous action, as well as of those who have I mt 
recently met this honored hero of so many conflicts 
in which he has won the laurel wreath of victory. 
| Many of these facts have been taken from the records, 
and are known to be authentic. 


MURRAY.— This family in Washington 
county, of whom William M. and J. W. 
Murray are worthy representatives, is de 
scended from one of the Dukes of Athol 
(Scotland), a son of whom, Lord Murray, 
having become involved in a political conspiracy 
against the reigning monarch, was compelled to 
seek safety in flight. It was no easy task, however, 
to elude the vigilauce of his pursuers, especially as 
a price was placed upon his head, but friends de- 
vised a means of escape for him, novel if not risky. 
It is a historical fact that they placed Lord Mur- 
ray inside an empty hogshead, then headed it up, 
being careful to leave some apertures for the ad 
mission of air, carted him a considerable distance 
to a convenient seaport (where was, fortunately, a 
ship about to sail for America), got their "freight" 
on board, one or two of the friends accompanying 
'"it," and as soon as the vessel was well out to sea, 
they liberated the contents of the cask, and set the 
cooped up scion of a noble house on deck, once 
more a free man. Ultimately they reached the 
shores of America in safety, where the hero of the 
adventure was no more enquired after by the Eng 
lish Government. In this country Lord Murray 
married and had a family of children, but the 
names of all are lost except that of Nicholas, the 
direct ancestor, in America, of the subject of this 
memoir. This Nicholas Murray, who was a sea 
captain nearly all his life, married, in April, 1775, 
Temperance Bond, of Baltimore, Md., and the 
names and dates of birth of their children are as 
follows: Nicholas, April 16, 1776; Benjamin. 
October 8, 1778; Ruth, October 25, 1781; William, 
March 1, 1784; Christopher, October 26, 1786; 
Charles, March 7, 1792; Kizia, September 23, 1789, 
and Surah, December 11, 1794. The father of 
this family died April 10, 1812, the mother April 
20. 1828. 

William Murray, third son of Nicholas and 
Temperance (Bond) Murray, was reared in the 
State of Maryland, where he was married to Nancy 
Roberts, and their children were Samuel, Nicholas 
(professor in Washington and Jefferson College), 
Hanson, Elzy, Charles and William. At an early 
day Mr. Murray migrated to Virginia, and made 
a settlement near WestLiberty,Ohio county,, in that 



State, becoming a prominent agriculturist. He 
was one of the first members of the Presbyterian 
Church at West Liberty, and in his political sym- 
pathies he was a lifelong Democrat. 

Charles Murray was born in Ohio county, Va. , 
in 1814, where he was educated. He was there 
married to Elizabeth J., daughter of William 
Reed, of that State, but a native of Scotland, 
whence he came when a young man to America, 
making a settlement in what is uow West Virginia, 
at that time a wild, uncultivated region. He there 
married Martha Ashinghist, of Washington county, 
Penn., and the children born to them were Ellen 
( Mrs. William Brackenridge), Nancy (deceased wife 
of Elijah Moore), Oliver, Elizabeth J. (Mrs. 
Charles Murray), Margaret (Mrs. James McMur- 
ray), William (deceased), Catherine (Mrs. James 
H. Brackenridge). Mr. Keed followed farming 
all his days, in which he met with success. He 
was a strict Presbyterian, and a member of the 
Three Ridge Church at West Alexander, Penn ; 
in politics he was a Democrat until the breaking 
out of the war of the Rebellion when he became a 
Republican. He died in Ohio county, Va., about 
1861, and is buried in West Alexander cemetery 
by the side of his wife, who departed this life in 
18(51. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. Charles 
Murray settled on a farm in Ohio county, W. Va., 
where they passed the remainder of their days, 
dying, the father January 10, 1860, the mother 
May 30, 1874, at the age of fifty-two. They were 
consistent members of the West Alexander Presby- 
terian Church, and in politics Mr. Murray was a 
Whig until the formation of the Republican partj r , 
when he enrolled himself under its banner. The 
children born to Mr. and Mrs. Charles Murray 
were William M.., J. W., Oliver E. and Hanson E. 
(twins, Hanson being deceased), Johnston R. (in 
Wheeling, W. Va.), Oliver E. (merchant in Wheel- 
ing. W. Va. ), Alfred N., Charles F. and Joseph 
L. (all three deceased), and Elijah T. (in Ohio). 

William M. Murray, a prosperous merchant of 
West Alexander, was born in Ohio county, W. Va. , 
the eldest son of Charles Murray. He was reared 
and educated on the home farm, and on August 
14. 1862, he enlisted in Company D, Twelfth 
West Virginia Infantry, and was then sent to 
the Shenandoah Valley with his regiment, where 
they fought in Sheridan's campaigns. They took 
part in the principal engagements, and were sent 
to the front at Richmond, where tbey remained 
until the close of the war. Mr. Murray then re- 
turned home. In 1871 he formed a partnership 
with his brother John, and they conducted a gen- 
eral store at West Alexander, for eight years when 
another brother, O. E. Murray, entered the firm; 
the latter soon afterward sold his interest to Mr. 
Valentine, who is now the partner of Mr. Murray. 

They have a large store, and are very successful. 
William M. Murray was united in marriage with 
Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Ruth, and they 
have two children: Eva Belle and Charles Ruth. 
Mr. Murray is an active and valuable member of 
the Republican party. He and his family are 
members of the Presbyterian Church, to which he 
is a liberal contributor. 

J. W. Murray was born April 21, 1845, in Ohio 
county, W. Va., where he was reared and educated. 
On August 14, 1862, he enlisted in Company D, 
Twelfth West Virginia Infantry, his brother Will 
iam M. having enlisted in the same company on 
the same day. (William M. never missed a day's 
duty in three years, and he brought home the same 
gun he had carried out). This regiment was first 
attached to the army of West Virginia, and was 
stationed at Clarksburg, W. Va., whence it was 
sent to Winchester, Va. , where it participated in 
, the battle there June 13 and 15, 1863. The 
Union forces were driven back, and our subject and 
his comrades afterward took part in the battle of 
Gettysburg, July 1 to 3, following, after which 
they participated in all the skirmishes, etc., in the 
Shenandoah Valley, including the famous " Hun- 
ter raid." Whilecharging the works at Piedmont, 
W. Va. , June 5, 1864, Private J. W.Murray was 
wounded in the right arm, above the elbow, by a 
ball (which he still carries), in consequence of which 
he was incapacitated for duty for three months, 
at the end of which time he rejoined his regiment. 
On December 19, 1864, the regiment was trans- 
ferred to the army of the James, in which it served 
until the close of the war. At the siege of Peters 
burg, Va. , Mr. Murray was in the famous charge on 
Fort Gregg; was in the chase after Lee's forces 
when the latter were outflanked, and was present at 
their surrender. On May 0, 1865, the war having 
ended, he was mustered out of the service, June 
16, 1865, returned home and took up the Arcadian 
pursuit of an agriculturist, which he continued un- 
til 1871, when he entered into partnership with his 
brother William M.. in a general merchandise 
business ;it West Alexander, this county. In July, 
1891, he came to Washington, and entered into 
partnership with J. I. Carson as pension agents, 
also in real estate and loan business, and after 
April 1. 1893, the firm will be Rodgers & Murray. 

On August 14, 1875, J. W. Murray was united 
in marriage with Margaret, daughter of James P. 
Chambers, of Donegal township, and three chil- 
dren were born to them: James E., Arthur E. 
(deceased) and Alford L. Mr. Murray is a mem- 
ber of the Second United Presbyterian Church of 
Washington, Penn.; in politics he is an active 
Republican, and takes a live interest in every 
measure tending to the advancement of his adopted 
city and the county at large. 



\INFIELD McILVAINE, of Taylor & 
McTlvaine, one of the prorniuent law firms 
nf Washington, is a native of Somerset 
township, born January 30, L856. He is 
the eldest sou of S. B. Mcllvaiue, a substantial 
farmer and one of the leading citizens of the easl 
cni pari of the county. His mother's maiden name 
was Catherine Hill, a very extended family name 
in the southwestern quarter of the county. Their 
other children are Arabelle, married to William M. 
Irwin, and now a widow; Ella Laverne, intermar 
lied with Josiah Thomas; Lena, U. G., Julia, and 
Edwin L. 

The subject of this sketch received his first edu- 
cational training in the public schools. Later lie 
attended Cauousburg Academy for two years, and 
in the winter of 187("> -77 taught in the public 
schools of Somerset township. In the fall of 1877 
he entered the sophomore class of Washington and 
Jefferson College, and in June, L880, was gradu- 
ated with honors from that institution. Previously, 
in June, 1879, he had registered as a law student 
with his cousin, now the Hon. J. A. Mcllvaiue, 
president judge of the Forty-seventh Judicial Dis- 
trict of Pennsylvania, completing his legal studies 
under his direction. The two years immediately 
following his graduation were spent partly on his 
father's farm, recuperating his physical powers, 
and partly in teaching. In the fall of 1882 he en- 
tered politics, serving as secretary of the Repub- 
lican County Committee during the campaign of 
that and the three succeeding years. At June 
term, 1883, he was admitted to the bar of Wash- 
ington county. In the fall of the same year he 
purchased from E. F. Acheson an interest in the 
Washington Observer, and from 1886 was manager 
of the paper. During all this time, he still took an 
active part in politics, and his paper was the rec- 
ognized exponent of Republican principles in 
Washington county. In October, 1890, however, 
he sold his interest in the Observer to his partner, 
Mr. Acheson, and, on January 1 of the following 
year, entered into partnership with J. F. Taylor 
in the general practice of the law, at Washington. 
In religion Mr. Mcllvaine is a Presbyterian, being 
a member of the First Presbyterian Church of 
Washington. On October 19, 1892, he married 
Miss Elizabeth S. Stewart, daughter of the late 
Galbraith Stewart, of Washington, and they now 
reside on Wade avenue. 

ICHARD WAUGH The Waugh family 

have been in Pennsylvania at least one 

hundred and fifty years, and came west 

~ from Adams and Cumberland counties. 

Richard Waugh was born December '■'>, 

1796, on a farm, now owned by W. W. Dinsmore, 

on the road from Buffalo to West Middletown. 
He grew to manhood on a farm now owned by 
James Hauna, near Independence. Mr. Waugh 
was a grandson of David Boyd, an officer in 
the war of Independence, whose thrilling 
story is mentioned in Crumrine's "History of 
Washington County." Throughout life he was 
noted for his energy and indomitable perseverance. 
In 1823 he married Eliza, daughter of John 
Moore, who owned 600 acres of land embracing 
what is now known as " Waugh' s Mill." Mr. 
Moore inherited part of this tract from his father, 
who bought it from Lawrence Vau Buskirk. 
Both Van Buskirk and his wife were killed by the 
Indians, the wife in 1792 and the husband in 1793. 

Immediately after his marriage, Mr. Waugh re- 
moved to what is now Brooke county, W. Va., and 
purchased from his father-in-law the old frame 
mill, one of the first operated in that part of the 
country. This mill stood just where the bridge 
reaches the south bank of Buffalo creek, after you 
pass through the first tunnel in going from Wells- 
burg. Some time before Mr. Moore had attempted 
to pierce the hill called "the backbone,'' for a 
mill race, but the enterprise was abandoned for 
some years. Mr. Waugh completed this work, 
and the race is used to this day, as it affords the 
best water-power in the county. He built two 
mills, each using a tunnel for a race, and, with 
these mills, he turned out as much as 10,000 bar- 
rels of flour in a year, besides manufacturing all 
his own barrels. He also did a large amount of 
country work. 

He was a man of enterprise, both public and 
private. He made, at his own expense, two tun- 
nels for the Wellsburg & Bethany road, both of 
which are still in use. By these works and the 
bridges he constructed, generally at his own 
charges, he greatly shortened and improved the 
roads of his adopted county. No man, before or 
since, in his section did so much for the improve- 
ment of the roads. More than half of his life was 
passed in Washington county, and, as much of the 
grain for his mills was purchased from the farm- 
ers in that section, he was well known throughout 
the county. The old mill books show that much 
of the wheat brought only 37i cents a bushel, and 
flour but $2.50 per barrel. Mr. Waugh was also 
a farmer and stock-grower. Although he began 
life in narrow circumstances, at the time of his 
death he was owner of more than 2,000 acres em- 
bracing some of the best lands in Brooke county. 
Part of this land extended from a point below 
Waugh mill for two miles along the pike toward 
Bethany. He also owned a steam flouring mill in 
Lagrange (now Brilliant), Ohio. He was an act- 
ive member of the Presbyterian Church, and his 
liberality is still remembered. He offered Dr. 
John McCluskey a farm of 100 acres if he would 



consent to settle as pastor of the Lower Buffalo 
Church*. It is said that he would make up what- 
ever was lacking in the pastor's salary, after the 
other subscriptions had been made. His death 
occurred at the early age of forty eight, and, when 
his career is considered, it is surprising to learn 
that for fifteen years before his decease he had 
been a confirmed invalid. He left the reputation 
of a conscientious, upright man and public-spirited 

Josei'h Wauuh, the fourth sou of the above, was 
born in Brooke county, Va. , in 1835, and received 
liis education in the common schools, West Alex- 
ander Academy (under Dr. John McCluskey), 
Washington College, and the Western Theological 
Seminary. He graduated with honor from college 
in 1857, and from the Theological seminary in 
1860; was licensed to preach by the Washington 
Presbytery in 1859, and ordained by the Presby- 
tery of Mississippi in 1800. For one year, until 
the outbreak of the Civil war, he preached near 
Natchez, Miss. His decided Union sentiments 
brought him North. He then taught two years in 
Washington College, ami two years in the Steuben- 
ville Seminary, after which he took charge of the 
Hollidaysburg Seminary, being its first principal. 
Sere he continued eleven years, and, with the as- 
sistance of his devoted wife, made it one of the 
leading institutions of its class in Pennsylvania. 
It is still a flourishing school. On account of ill 
health Mr. Waugh was forced to relinquish his 
educational work, and retired to a farm in Dela- 
ware, where for several years he was interested in 
fruit growing, and still reads the reports of the 
peach crop with occasional anxiety. 

The subject of this sketch married, April 12, 
1804, Miss Arabella S. Todd, sister of A. M. Todd. 
Esq. She was a native of Kentucky, daughter of 
the Ilev. Andrew Todd and Catherine (Wilson) 
Todd. Mrs. Waugh was a lady of unusual intelli- 
gence and accomplishments, whose life was marked 
by a special spirit of self-sacrifice and devotion to 
duty. As vice-principal of the Hollidaysburg 
Seminary, she made many ardent friends, and her 
character and noble life made themselves felt upon 
all with whom she came in contact. Fourteen 
years before her death she received injuries by be- 
ing thrown from a carriage. From these she never 
recovered, but bore her suffering with marked pa- 
tience and resignation, and continued her works of 
kindness and devotion to the very day of her death, 
which occurred January 21. 1892. In 1889 Mr. 
Waugh returned to Washington, Penn., and has 
since made it his home. He is treasurer of Wash- 
ington and Jefferson College, does some insurance 
business, occasionally writes for the papers, is an 
Independent in politics, and is suspected of having 
some leanings towards free trade. 

LONZO LINN has been for many years a 
professor in Washington and Jefferson Col- 
i lege, and is worthy of more than a passing 
■ the pages of this biographical 


II — notice i 
f record. 

This highly esteemed educator is a native of 
Pennsylvania, born September 26, 1827, in Butler, 
Butler county. His father was Dr. George Linn, 
a prominent physician of Butler. He was a native 
of New Jersey, but removed in early life to Craw- 
ford county, and there lived on a farm with his 
widowed mother. When a young man he served 
as a soldier in the war of 1812, having taken the 
place of an older, married brother, who was 
drafted. Afterward he studied his profession, 
practiced for some time in Kittanning, but finally 
settled in Butler, where he was much esteemed as 
a good physician, and an upright citizen, taking 
an active part in all that promoted public morals 
and religion. He died in the prime of life in 1834. 
His wife was Elizabeth Gibson, born in Paisley, 
Scotland. She was a woman of great intelligence 
and force of character. After the death of her 
husband she removed to Allegheny county, in the 
neighborhood of Monongahela City, and there 
lived with her three children: Alonzo, Hannah 
(Mrs. Thomas Manown), and George A. She 
survived her husband fifty seven years. 

The subject of this sketch, prepared for college 
at Blake's Academy, in Monongahela City, and 
was graduated from Jefferson College in 1S4'.I. 
In his career at school and college he attracted the 
notice of his companions and instructors as a per 
son of unusual ability and great aptitude for the 
acquisition of knowledge. He was modest and 
retiring, but, notwithstanding, always somewhat 
prominent for excellence. After leaving college 
he entered the Western Theological Seminary, at 
Allegheny, and completed its course, and was 
licensed by the Bedstone Presbytery in 1854. 
From the seminary he went to the La Fayette 
College as tutor, served a year, and was promoted 
to be Adjunct Professor of Mathematics. He 
resigned this position, and for a short time was 
principal of an academy in New Brunswick, N. J. 
This again he left to enter upon a professorship in 
Jefferson College, in 1857. At the time of the 
consolidation of Washington and Jefferson Colleges 
in 1869, he removed to Washington, and here in 
addition to being a Professor he was made Vice- 
President of the college. In all these busy years 
he has maintained a uniform reputation as an edu- 
cator, as a teacher and a scholar. He received the 
degree of Ph.D. from his own college, and that 
of LL.D. , from La Fayette. 

On November 17, 1858, Prof. Linn married 
Rebecca E., daughter of Abram Fulton. Their 
children are four sons: George S. , a druggist in 



Monongahela City; Andrew M., a lawyer in Wash 
ington, and Harry H. and Charles F. The Linns 
and the Fultons for many generations have been 
Presbyterians, even before their forefathers came 
from the North of Ireland. 

J (AMES B. KENNEDY, register of wills for 
Washington county, is . descended from 
rugged Scotch ancestry, and is a grandson 
of David Kennedy, a weaver, who came to 
America from the "laud of the mountain and 
tin- Hood " in 1818, making his first home in his 
adopted country in Philadelphia. 

One of his sons, Peter, came, in 1826, to Wash- 
ington county, from Steubenville, Ohio, where he 
was first married, there being four children living 
by this union. Mr. Kennedy's second wife was 
Mrs. Frances (Anderson) Doyle, of Steubenville, 
whose father was a soldier of the Revolution at 
Valley Forge. She had one son by her first mar- 
riage, William J. Doyle, of Washington. By Mr. 
Kennedy's second uuion there are children as fol- 
lows: John H., deputy sheriff of this county; 
James B., our subject; Benjamin K., living at 
Steubenville, Ohio, in the employ of the Pennsyl 
v.inia Railroad Company; Peter (I., Margaret O. and 
Mary F., living at Washington. The mother died 
in 1S7<), at the age of fifty years, the father on Jan- 
uary 2, 1890, in his eighty third year, and was 
buried in Washington cemetery by Post 120, G. A. 
It., Department of Pennsylvania, of which he was 
a member. He was ;i most patriotic Union man 
at the time of the war of the Rebellion, and, al 
though aged fifty five years, his military ardor was 
tired to such enthusiasm that he enlisted in Com- 
pany K, Eighth Pennsylvania Reserves, and served 
eighteen months in McClellan's Peninsular cam 
paign. He commanded the company at Draines- 
ville and participated in the affair at Richmond. 
He was injured by a falling limb of a tree which 
was knocked off by one of the enemy's shells. 

James B. Kennedy was born in Washington, 
Penn. , September 6, 1840, and was educated at the 
common schools, which he attended until he was 
fourteen years old, when he was apprenticed to the 
printing business in the Examiner office, serving 
at this four and a half years; then, in 1859. he 
commenced to learn the trade of a bricklayer with 
James Hamilton, and was so engaged when the 
first gun of the war of the Rebellion was tired 
at Fort Sumter. On April 15, 1861, at a meeting 
of the citizens of Washington, in response to Lin- 
coln's call for 75,000 men, Mr. Kennedy was the 
first man here to offer his services to the Govern 
ment. He enlisted in Company E, Twelfth P. V. 
I., Col. David Campbell commander, and his first 
duty was protecting the Northern Central Railroad 
near Baltimore, Md. At the end of three months 

lir was discharged, and on August 31, 1861, he re- 
enlisted, this time in Company A, One Hundredth 
P. V. I. ("Roundheads"), of which he was ap- 
pointed fourth sergeant and was promoted to tirst 
sergeant. Mr. Kennedy took part in all the en 
gagements of his regiment up to and including the 
siege of Knoxville, when at the assault on Fort 
Sanders, November 29, 1863, he was shot in the 
neck and cheek and knocked off the parapet, being 
badly hurt by the fall. He lay in the hospital at 
Knoxville until March following, when his father 
came for him and took him home. He suffered 
much, and his life was in great danger, as erysipe- 
las had set in and he was quite blind part of the 
time; in fact he still suffers from the effects of his 
wounds. Being unable, on account of his hurts, 
to follow his trade, bricklaying, he resumed the 
printing business, and was given the position of 
foreman In the office of the Examiner, of which 
paper A. H. Ecker and David F. Patterson were 
editors; was afterward foreman in the office of the 
( Cumberland Presbyterian, a journal published at 
Waynesburg, Penn.; then worked on the Washing- 
ton Observer. On January 16, 1879, he was ap 
pointed mail messenger on the Hempfield railroad, 
making trips from Washington to Wheeling, and 
when the B. & O. Railroad Co. took that road and 
extended it to Pittsburgh, Mr. Kennedy's route 
was also increased. This position he held until 
the election of Cleveland, and, being a Republican, 
he resigned, as he believed that " to the victor be- 
long the spoils," and his health being much im- 
paired, he retired June 6, 1885. On November 8, 
1887, he was elected register of wills for three 
years, his opponent being A. C. Morrow, a Demo- 
crat. He was re-elected in 1890, to serve to Jan- 
uary, 1894. On October 15, 1867, he married 
Mrs. Sarah J. Martin, daughter of Josiah Raw 
h 'user, of Hartford county, Md., who died August 
14, 1892, aged eighty two years. This union was 
blessed with two children: Fannie H. , clerking 
for her father in his office, and Carrie B., who 
died in her seventh year. Mr. Kennedy was at 
one time assistant burgess of Washington borough. 
He was commander of W. F. Templeton Post, 
No. 120, G. A. R., Department of Pennsylvania, 
and is also quartermaster; he is a member of the" 
Masonic fraternity, and of the Methodist Protest- 
ant Church. On May 29, 1891, was unveiled, at 
Knoxville, Tenn., a monument to the memory of 
Isaac R. W. Garrettson and Aaron Templeton, 
two members of Company A, 100th P. V. I. 
("Roundheads"), who were killed at the time of 
the attack and repulse of the Rebels on Ft. 
Sanders, November 29, 1863. William H. Under- 
wood, present postmaster of Washington, Penn., 
and our subject were wounded at the same time. 
Ed Memard Post, G. A. R., of Knoxville, Tenn., 
performed the dedication ceremony, Mr. Kennedy 



being the only surviving member of Company A 
who was present. 

John H. Kennedy learned the weaver's trade, 
and when the war broke out served draft notices in 
Washington county. He has been a deputy sheriff 
under Sheriffs Smith, Work, Hemphill, Lockhart 
and Cherry; also worked for a time with Sheriff 
George Perritt. Mr. Kennedy conducted a grocery 
business in the county for several years, also 
served as postmaster at Zollarsville for some time. 
Before the war he was a Democrat, but siuce that 
time he has affiliated with the Republican party. 
In religious faith he is a member of the Methodist 
Protestant Church. When a young man he was 
united in marriage with Minerva Cox, who has 
Iidi -lie him four children, viz. : John, Flora, Donnetta 
and Millie A. 

IiONATHAN ALLISON. Prominent among 
the foremost of Washington county's most 
ff J prosperous and progressive citizens stands 
^^ this well-known and highly respected gentle 
man. He is a native of the county, having 
been born February 3, 1828, in Chartiers town- 
ship, his ancestry being traceable to a family who 
left Scotland for the North of Ireland during the 
period of religious persecution in their native land. 
James Allison, grandfather of our subject, was a 
native of Ireland, whence he emigrated to Maryland, 
locating in Cecil couuty, and thence on October 26, 
1773, moved to Washington county, Penn., having 
purchased from Thomas Moffatt of Cecil county a 
tract of wild land in Washington county contain 
ing 560 acres. This tract Moffatt had acquired by 
squatter's right, and the first patent for same was 
made out to James Allison; the farm is now owned 
and occupied by his grandson. Jonathan Allison. 
Here the grandfather set to work to carve out a 
home for himself and family, and great were the 
hardships he endured and many the dangers he 
encountered in his herculean task of converting a 
forest wild into a smiling fruitful farm. Indians 
and wild animals were numerous and ofttimes 
aggressive, and many a night did this old pioneer 
watch with his trusty rifle for the bloodthirsty sav- 
age and not less ferocious marauding wolf. In 
fact, after his first visit to his tract of land the In- 
dians were so hostile that he had to beat a retreat, 
betaking himself to the " Forks of Yough," as the 
confluence of the Youghiogheny and Monongahela 
rivers was then called, but, in 1774, he returned to 
his new home in strength, some twenty families 
accompanying him. among whom were the Brad 
lords, McDowells, Parks, Scotta, etc. As a haven 
lor the families to retreat to in times of danger, 
they here built themselves a blockhouse or fort, iu 
which they lived one year, and then erected log 
cabin, so that they might have individual homes, 

and here they endured the many hardships and 
privations incident to pioneer life, and which were 
particularly distressing in the northern part of the 
county. The old frame house, built by James 
Allison in 1788 or 1789, is still standing in a* re- 
markably good state of preservation. 

James Allison was married to Miss Jane, sister 
of David Bradford, who was prominently connected 
with the •' Whiskey Insurrection " in Pennsylvania, 
and by this union eight children were born as fol- 
lows: William, who moved in 1834 to McDonough 
county, 111., where he died; James, for fifty years 
an attorney at Beaver, Penn., now deceased, but 
whose descendants still reside there; John, who in 
1834 went to Illinois, where his descendants are 
yet to be found; George, who was a merchant in 
Pittsburgh, Penn., where he died; Thomas, father 
of Jonathan; David, killed when a youth by kick 
of a horse; Mary, married to Rev. Mcllroy, of New- 
York City, and Rachel, married to Dr. George 
Craighead, of Washington county.' Mr. Allison 
was a very prominent citizen in his daj, having 
been associate judge of the courts of Washington 
county in 1781V 87-' 88, and in 1789 a member of 
the Supreme Executive Council at Philadelphia, 
during which incumbency he voted for the aboli- 
tion of slavery, the question having, in some con 
nection. been brought up in that council, and thus 
he became one of the first Abolitionists in the 
county. He was one of the first ruling elders in 
Dr. John McMillan's church in North Strabane 
township, one of the first Presbyterian Societies 
organized in the county. For years he was a 
trustee of Jefferson College, and strongly advocated 
the union of the two colleges, Washington and 

Thomas Allison, son of this honored pioi r. 

was born in 1780, in Chartiers township, Wash 
ington Co., Penn., where he grew to manhood on 
his father's farm, helping to clear it of timber and 
brush. In 1817 he married Mary, daughter of 
Richard Johnson, of North Strabane township, 
and ten children came to brighten their pioneer 
home, viz. : Jane (deceased), James (now in Char 
tiers township), William and Richard (both de- 
ceased), Thomas (in Chartiers township), Jona- 
than (subject of sketch), David and Joseph (both 
in Chartiers township), Uriah (deceased), and 
Mary (in Chartiers township). Of these, James 
served five years in Company G, One Hundred and 
Fortieth Regiment, P. V. I. ; he was made a pris 
oner at Gettysburg, anil held by the enemy two 
hours, but on account of his having rheumatism 
was released. The father of this sturdy family 
died October 21, 1849, at the age of sixty-nine 
years; the mother, who was a " mother in Israel," 
a thorough home woman, beloved by all for her 
many noble traits, passed from earth in 1884, at 
the patriarchal age of eighty six years. Mr. Al- 



lison was a most exemplary man, hardworking, 
thrifty anil scrupulously conscientious. He was a 
prominent, member of the Presbyterian Church, 
and a trustee of the Ohartiers congregation. 

Jonathan Allison, whose name opens this bio- 
graphical memoir, received his rudimentary edn 
cation at the common schools of his district, and at 
the age of seventeen years entered Jefferson Col- 
lege, remaining two years, when, owing to the 
death of a brother, he returned home and engaged 
in farming, which he has for the most part fol- 
lowed through life. After his marriage he bought 
of William Hopkins a farm of 148 acres, situated 
about one mile from the place of his birth, and 
here remained eight years, when he purchased a 
part of his grandfather's old farm, from the An- 
drew Allison estate. Here it was that a hundred 
3 r ears ago, while excavating the land for drainage, 
grandfather Allison discovered the first coal found 
in Washington county, some of which he dug up 
for blacksmith's use, and sold at 25 cents per 
bushel, after hauling it many miles; but not till 
long afterward was it used for house fuel. Andrew 
Allison had mined coal for some time, not as a reg- 
ular business, however; but when in 1872 the 
Chartiers Valley Railroad was built, Jonathan Al- 
lison opened the mine on a large scale, developing 
it to its fullest working capacity, and sending the 
product to the lake ports, even as far as Chicago, 
besides supplying the borough of Washington and 
other places with the bituminous mineral. From 
1873 to 1891 he employed about fifty men at the 
mine, and shipped over a million bushels per an- 
num; but in 1891 ho sold the concern out to J. V. 
H. Cook & Sons, of Canonsburg, Penn.,and re- 
tired from the coal interests. In 18S7 Mr. Allison 
removed to the "Old Acheson Homestead," in 
Washington, where he now resides. On April 7, 
1857, Jonathan Allison and Margaret Gabby were 
united in marriage. She. is a daughter of William 
and Margaret Gabby, the former of whom was a 
farmer of Franklin township, where he died; the lat 
ter is still living in Washington borough, at thead- 
vanced age of eighty three years, in fair preserva- 
tion, but blind for the past five or six years. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Allison were born the following 
named children: Mary, deceased when a child of 
four years; Maggie, who died in Canonsburg, was 
married to William Dickson, of that place; Al- 
bert, a farmer in Chartiers township; Thomas, in 
the Citizens' National Bank; Edward and William 
(twins), the former of whom is attending the Med- 
ical College at Pittsburgh, the latter was drowued 
in 1881, when coming from school, by falling off a 
foot-log laid across a creek; and John, Ralph and 
Jennie, all three at home, attending school. 

Mr. and Mrs. Allison are consistent members of 
the First Presbyterian Church, in which he is a 
deacon. Politically he was a Whig, up to 1856, 

but since has been a stanch Republican. For 
twelve years he served as school director, being 
first elected the year he cast his first ballot; was a 
justice of the peace from 1872 to 1873, but re- 
signed in order to accept the position of represent- 
ative to the State Legislature to which he had 
been elected in the fall of 1872, and in which he 
served with eminent ability for two terms. 
Through some condition of politics, Hon. Mr. Al- 
lison was the only representative from Washington 
county in the State Legislature at that time, since 
when, however, there have been two. For a couple 
ill' years he was a burgess of Washington borough, 
during which period the town was greatly improved 
iu many respects. Mr. Allison was one of the 
original stockholders, in 188(5, of the Citizens' 
National Bank, and is now one of its directors. 

IiOHN P. CHARLTON, junior member of the 
I firm of Hart & Charlton, proprietors and 
\( \\ publishers of the Washington Democrat, was 
^^ born January 5, 1842, in South Strabane 
township, Washington Co. , Perm. His father, 
John Charlton, was reared to manhood in the Key- 
stone State, and was here married to Maria, 
daughter of Peter Grounds, a native of Germany, 
win i emigrated to America and made his home in 
the New World in North Strabane township, where 
he was a farmer and blacksmith up to the day of 
In- death. He was a Whig in politics, and in 
church connection a Lutheran: he and his wife are 
now sleeping their last sleep in Washington Ger- 
man cemetery. The children born to John and 
Maria Charlton were Samuel R., John P., Joseph 
G., William J., Henry, Mary, Margaret and 
Thomas J. Mr. Charlton carried on a general 
store in Washington for some time, and during the 
later years of his life followed the huckstering 
business, his residence being alternately at Wash 
ington and Canonsburg. He died in 1853, and his 
widow died at Canonsburg, January 27, 1S93, 
aged eighty-six years. She was a member of the 
Christian Church. 

John P. Charlton received his education at the 
common schools of the neighborhood of his birth 
place, and at the age of fourteen entered, as 
"devil," the office of the American Union in 
Washington, Penn., but after one year's experience 
there he found employment with Christman & 
Clokey, with whom he remained one year, at the 
end of which time he became a "typo" on the 
Washington Review. While in this last office, 
young Charlton, in 1864, warmed by a spirit of 
patriotism, laid aside the stick and took up the 
sword in defense of the Union. He enlisted in 
Company K, Third Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, 
which battery was assigned to the army of the 
James, and was most of the time stationed at Fort- 



ress Monroe. While here our subject was detailed 
to work in the Government printing office at Nor- 
folk, Va. , where he remained nine months and then 
rejoined his regiment. He was mustered out No- 
vember 5, 1865, returned home, and after a brief 
rest resumed the peaceful art of printing in the of- 
fice of the ( umberland Presbyterian at Waynes- 
burgh, Penn. Coming to Washington, he worked 
on the Reporter, then under the management of 
Moore & Armstrong, for three years. In 1869 he 
was nominated for the office of recorder of deeds 
uf Washington county, and elected on the Demo- 
cratic ticket; at the end of the term he was candi- 
date for re-election, but was defeated. Mr. Charl- 
ton we next lind assisting in the management of 
the " Valentine House," a leading hotel in Wash- 
ington, Capt. Hugh Keys being then proprietor. 
In 1S7U he was appointed deputy sheriff under 
Sheriff William Thompson, which incumbency he 
tilled with characteristic ability for three years. 
In 1876 he was nominated for sheriff of Washing- 
ton county, but was defeated, and soon after the 
death of Mr. Thompson he took charge of the 
" Fifth Avenue Hotel" at Pittsburgh, in the capac- 
ity of administrator. After conducting this hos- 
telry nine months he returned to Washington, 
where he was employed as foreman in the office of 
the Democrat, at that time under the management 
of A. H. Ecker, who died in February, 1881. In 
June, same year, a partnership was formed be- 
tween our subject and Alexander Hart; under the 
firm name of Hart & Charlton, they purchasing 
the entire business and plant of the Democrat, 
which paper they still own and publish. 

On April 11, 1S6<), Mr. Charlton married Mary 
C. , daughter of John and Susan Wolf, and the 
children born to their union are named respective- 
ly John S., Susan C, Ella M., Gertrude and David 
M. Mr. Charlton's political predilections are ably 
and undisguisedly illustrated in the columns of the 
Washington Democrat. 

Ejn OYD CRUMRINE, one of Pennsylvania's 
prominent, men and whose name in Wash- 
') ington county is as "familiar as household 
words," is a native of the county, having 
been born on February ( .», 1838, in East Beth 
lehem township, on the farm first occupied by his 
grandfather in 1800. He was a son of Daniel 
and Margaret Crumrine, and, as will be presently 
seen, with the exception of a great grandfather on 
the maternal side, who was an Englishman, George 
Bex by name, his blood is all German, from the 
upper Rhine. 

From 1682 to 177(5 Pennsylvania was the cen 
tral point of emigration from Germany, France 
and Switzerland. For the first period of twenty 
years, that is until 1702, not over two hundred 

German families arrived, and those settled princi- 
pally at Germantown and other localities uear 
Philadelphia. But the period from 1702 to 1727 
marked an era in early German emigration, and 
between forty and fifty thousand persons left their 
Fatherland. Queen Anne of England, desiring to 
till up her American colonies without depleting 
the British kingdom, caused copies of a book to be 
distributed throughout the Palatinate in Germany 
— having her portrait as a frontispiece, and the 
title iu gold letters, on which account the boob 
was called "Das Golden Buch" — to induce the 
Palatines to come to England in order to be sent 
to the Carolinas, or to others of her American col- 
onies; and it is said that in 170S and 1709 thirty- 
three thousand Germans left their homes on the 
Rhine for London. Of this large number it is said 
that seven thousand, after having suffered great 
privations, returned half naked and in despondency 
to their native country, ten thousand died for want 
of sustenance or medical attendance, and other 
causes, and the survivors were sent to America. 

In 1727, during the time of Governor William 
Keith, German immigration had so much increased 
that it was feared that Pennsylvania was becoming 
"a foreign country;" and a regulation was estab 
lished by the provincial government requiring that 
foreigners on their arrival should subscribe an oath 
of allegiance to the kingdom of Great Britain and 
of fidelity to the proprietaries of the Province. 
All persons over sixteen were made to sign this 
oath, and when they could not write, their names 
were written for them and attested by a clerk. By 
this means the names of over thirty thousand Ger- 
man and Swiss immigrants into Pennsylvania be- 
tween 1727 and 1776, when the colonies separated 
from the mother country, have been preserved 
These lists are still to be seen in the Department 
of State at Harrisburg, and the attention of 
one who examines them will be attracted by two 
things to be observed: (1) Every ship's-list of 
passengers, almost, was headed by the name of the 
pastor who was leading them as a nock into the 
wilderness; (2) Excepting a very small percent- 
age of the whole number, every name is written 
in German, evidently the writer's autograph, and 
generally in the clear hand of a good penman. 
From these lists I. Daniel Rupp made up his 
" Collection of Thirty Thousand Names of Immi- 
grants," published a few years since in Philadel- 

In this collection of thirty thousand names there 
are but two " Krumreins." On September 11, 1732, 
"the ship Pennsylvania, John Stedman, master, from 
Rotterdam, last from Plymouth," landed with 
"seventy-three males above sixteen, women and 
children of both sexes ninety-eight, in all one hun- 
dred and seventy-one." In this list is the name of 
" Hans Michael Krumrein." On September 5, 1748, 



A_ 2^. 




"the ship Edinburgh, James Russell, master. from 
Rotterdam, last from Portsmouth," landed with 
one hundred and twenty seven persons; and in this 
list of names is that of "George Lenhart Kmm 

Hans Michael Krumrein, after having resided 
in the neighborhood of Philadelphia until after 
1741, passed westward into Northampton and 
finally into Centre county, where some of his de 
scendants still live, others having passed mi into 
Ohio. George Lenhart Krumrein went into Balti- 
more county, Md. ; afterward, perhaps, into Geor- 
gia, returning to Maryland at a later day. In 
1800 George Orumrine, a grandson of George 
Lenhart Krumrein, it is believed, passed from 
Baltimore county, Mil, over the Alleghanies into 
the valley of the Monongahela, and settled upon 
a farm in Bast Bethlehem township, Washington 
county. One of his sons, Daniel Orumrine, was 
born upon the same farm. He married Margaret, 
the daughter of -John Bower. Esq. The Bower 
family was of Swiss German origin, and came 
west from the Juniata Valley in 1796. 

The boyhood of Boyd Crnmiine, the son of 
Daniel, was passed upon his father's farm, and 
during the winters of 1854 -55 and L855 56 he at- 
tended the Bridgeport schools, Brownsville, Penn.; 
and in the spring and summer of 1856 he was a 
student at Waynesburg College. In September of 
the latter year he was admitted to the Sophomore 
class of Jefferson College, Canonsburg; and at the 
beginning of his second term he was permitted, at 
his own request, to drop into the Freshman class, 
in order that he might, lay a better foundation for 
a complete classical course. With that class he 
continued till his graduation, on August 1, I860, 
when he divided the first honor of his class of 
over fifty men with Mr. Roland Thompson, of 
Milroy, Penn., and delivered the Greek salutatory 
on commencement day. Through the whole course 
he was a diligent student and a vigorous thinker, 
doing nothing by spurts, producing level work and 
square work always, and striking the highest 
grade-mark in nearly every recitation. At the be 
ginning of the junior year Prof. John Fraser 
formed what he called his select class, embracing 
all the juniors who graded above ninety, to whom 
he offered special instruction in mathematics and 
general literature. The class consisted of Mr. 
Crumrino and four others, who met at night for 
two years in the Professor's chambers, where, as a 
reward for mastering a dozen extra volumes of 
higher mathematics, the privileged five were re- 
galed, often into the "wee sma ' hours," by the 
best thoughts and noblest sentiments of the man. 
who. as a teacher, stands without a rival and 
without a peer in the memories of his pupils. 
One year before graduation Mr. Crnmrine chose 
the profession of iaw, and entered upon it with 

Hon. John L. Gow, of Washington, Penn., as his 
preceptor, to whom he recited once a week during 
his senior year in college. The first year after 
graduation he taught a select class of young 
ladies at Canonsburg, continuing his law studies 
at the same time. On the twenty-first of August, 
1861, he was admitted to the Washington county 

The war of the Rebellion interfering with his 
purpose to begin legal business in the West, in the 
following November he enlisted in Company B, 
Eighty-fifth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and was 
made quarter master sergeanl of the regiment. 
After spending the winter of 1861—62 in the 
trenches at Washington, he was discharged in or- 
der to accept a commission as first lieutenant in a 
brigade of Eastern Virginia Volunteers then form- 
ing, hut soon after his commission was received the 

Government issued an order discontinuing all re- 
cruiting service and disbanding all uncompleted or- 
ganizations. This made him a citi/en again; and, 
returning home he opened, iii May. 1862, an office 
in Washington, Penn., and began the practice of 
law, in which he has continued ever since with suf- 
ficient business always on hand to keep him stead 
ily occupied. Of his own efforts he wrote to the 
class historian for the reunion in 1885: " I have 
tried to keep my little boat trimmed neatly, and to 
trim it myself and after my own way. My sole 
ambition has been to do as well as 1 could what 
has been set before me. The law, to me, has been 
a very jealous mistress, yet, as a relaxation and a 
mellowing of the lines of toil, which otherwise 
might have been hard to me, I have been a rider 
of hobbies, one after another, always with the res 
ervation of the liberty of changing them at m\ own 
will and pleasure; philosophy at one time, then 
entomology, the microscope, and, of late years, 
history and philosophy.'' 

In 1871 Mr. Orumrine compiled t lie "Rules of 
Court of Washington County;" in 1872-75 he pre 
pared "The Pittsburgh Reports," legal cases of 
the several State courts not elsewhere reported, in 
three volumes octavo. In 1S7S lie published 
" Omnium Gatherum, or Notes of Cases for the 
Lawyer's Pocket and Counsel Table," of which the 
edition is now exhausted. In 1882 he composed a 
large part and edited the whole of " The History 
of Washington County," a quarto of one thousand 
pages, small type, published by J. B. Lippincott 
& Co., of Philadelphia. 

Mr. Crumrine is a Republican in politics, but has 
never sought political preferment. His tastes are 
altogether literary and professional. He was given 
the degree of Master of Arts by Jefferson College 
in 1863. From 1865 to 1868 he was district at 
torney for Washington county, and in 187(1 was 
appointed deputy marshal of the United States for 
the Western District of Pennsylvania, to compile 



the Social Statistics of that district for the Ninth 
Census. After this temporary employment out- 
siile of his profession, in matters in which he had 
great interest, he confined his work to his practice 
until April, 1887, when, without solicitation on his 
part, he was appointed, by Governor Beaver, State 
Reporter of the decisions of the Supreme Court of 
Pennsylvania; and, accepting the appointment as 
one suited to his tastes and experience, he had 
published at the end of his term in May, 1892, 
thirty-one volumes of Pennsylvania State Reports, 
which seem to meet with the approval of the bench 
and bar of the State Secretary of State Charles 
VV. Stone, in response to a letter concerning these 
reports, wrote in 1889 as follows: " Mr. Crumrine 
is making a model reporter, and his work is held in 
very high estimation by the bench and bar 
throughout the State. He is improving the style 
and methods of reporting, and is exceedingly faith- 
ful and piinstaking in his work. The profession 
generally appreciates this fact, and also the 
promptness in the publication of his reports, and 
their improved typographical execution. You can- 
not speak too highly of his official efficiency." He 
has also been the recipient of many other well 
merited compliments, written and verbal, from 
members of both bench and bar, of all phases of 
politics, which it would be superfluous to here re 
iterate. Indefatigable in his work, he is a lover 
of it. In the winter of 1891-92, when Mr. Crum- 
rine' s name was presented to President Harrison 
for an appointment as United States district judge 
for the Western District of Pennsylvania, among 
many letters in his favor from judges and lawyers 
of the State, the justices of the Supreme Court 
joined in a letter to the President which was such as 
t > make Mr. Crumrine feel more than comfortable, 
even when he failed to receive the desired appoint- 
ment. At the general election in November, 1891, 
be was chosen a member of the constitutional con 
vention, provided for by the act of the General As- 
sembly of Pennsylvania passed June 19, 1891. 
However, a majority of the electors of the State 
voting against the convention, it was not held. At 
the date of this writing his name is being men- 
tioned as a candidate for the office of Judge of the 
Supreme Court. 

On the day following that on which he was made 
a Bachelor of Arts, Mr. Crumrine was married to 
.Miss Harriet J., daughter of George A. and Jane 
I!. Kirk, and they have had four children: Ernest 
Ethelbert, Louisa Celeste, Roland Thompson and 
Hattie J. Of these, Ernest E. is a graduate of 
Washington and Jefferson College, and is partner 
in his father's law office; his wife is Gertrude, 
the daughter of Rev. Dr. J. F. Magill, of Fairfield, 
Iowa, and they have one child, a son. Louisa was 
educated at the Washington Female Seminary, 
and is now the wife of J. P. Patterson, Esq., of 

the Pittsburgh bar; they have one child, a daugh 
ter. Roland T. and Hattie J. both died young. 
Mr. Crumrine is stalwart in form, turning the 
scales at over two hundred pounds, and is as tine 
a specimen of physical manhood as the eye needs 
wish to look upon. 

[The l'oren'i>iim; sketch is lor the most part compiled 
from "A Biographical Allium of Prominent IVimsylva 
nians," published at Philadelphia in 1889. 

J (OSEPH RANKIN McLAIN, a citizen of 
Claysville, was born January 8, 1828, in 
J Cross Creek township, Washington Co.,Penn., 

a son of Wiiliam and Margaret (McClelland) 

The family are of Scotch-Irish descent, the 
great-grandfather, William, having come to this 
country from the North of Ireland at a very early 
day, settling in Adams county, Penn. Two of his 
sons, who were civil engineers, assisted in locating 
the dividing line between Maryland and Pennsylva- 
nia, and his son, John, grandfather of Joseph R., 
was born about the year 1740, in Adams county, 
Penn., where he was reared to manhood and edu- 
cated. When he had reached maturity he set out 
for the then " Far West," arriving finally about 
the year 1770, in Washington county. Here he 
married Hannah Marshall, of that county, after 
which they at once made their home on a farm near 
Canonsburg, where they remained some few years. 
The children born to this pioneer couple were: Jo- 
seph (who was in the service of the Government 
for the suppression of the Whiskey Insurrection, 
and died in the service), Mary (Mrs. John Rankin), 
William, Hannah (Mrs. John Hayes), and John. 
The father of this family died when he was yet a 
comparatively young man. He and his wife were 
members of the Presbyterian Church. 

William McLain, their second son, was born in 
Chartiers township, this county, June 23, 1779, 
and was reared to manhood in that township. He 
was a great lover of books, and, although he had 
no school facilities (the death of his father impos 
ing on him hard work on the farm from early boy- 
hood), yet, by close application to study, he overcame 
what appeared to many insurmountable difficul- 
ties. At the age of nineteen he commenced teach 
ing, continuing in same for thirty years, and prov- 
ing himself at once an apt scholar and skillful 
teacher, besides leaving an impress on his scholars 
not readily forgotten. On March 4, 1800, he was 
married to Agnes Fink, who bore him two children: 
John, born December 21, 1806, and Samuel A. (who 
became a minister of the Gospel), born July 23, 
1808. John lived with his father until 1S46, when 
he bought a farm in East Finley township, and 
resided there until his death, March 13, 1890; he 
was a zealous worker in the Church, and gave 



liberally toward its support. The mother of this 
little family dying August 21, 1S0S, Mr. McLain 
married, November 7, 18] 1, Margaret, daughter of 
Thomas McClelland, of this county, and to this 
union the following children were born: Agnes 
(now the deceased wife of James Sawhill, also de- 
ceased), born August 8, 1812; Hannah (now de- 
ceased wife of Ira Blanchard, also deceased), 
born January 14, 1814; Mary, born November 1, 
1816; Martha (deceased wife of Rev. Alexander 
McCarrolI, D. D., also deceased), born September 
21, 1818; Thomas (deceased in childhood); Mar 
garet (Mrs. Robert McKahan), born February I 5, 
1822; William (died in childhood); Eliza J. (de- 
ceased wife of James Wright, also deceased), born 
February 11, 1820, died July 10, 1857; Joseph 
R. (subject of this sketch), and Sarah (widow of 
of Hon. A. K. Craig, deceased), born December 7, 
1830. Mr. McLain remained in Chartiers town 
ship until 1817, whin In- removed to Cross Creek 
township, then in 1830 purchased a farm in Buf- 
falo township, on which he made his home until 
1866, in which year he removed to Claysville. 
where he died March 2, 1872, at the patriarchal age 
of ninety-three years; on April 1, 1875, his wife 
followed him to the grave. In politics Mr. McLain 
was a Democrat until 1828, when he became a 
Whig, remaining so until 1850, and then voted the 
Free soil ticket until 18(50, after which he was a 
stanch Republican until the day of his death. For 
many years he was a justice of the peace. He and 
his family were adherents of the Presbyterian 
Church, of the Session of which he was a member 
for forty years. 

Joseph R. McLain received a liberal education 
at the schools of his locality, and was reared to the 
practical life of a farmer. On November 27, 1849, 
he was married to Susanna, daughter of James 
Ralston, and to this union the following named 
children were born: Luretta Mary (deceased 
wife of John M. Gamble), W. J. E. , Maggie (wife 
of Dr. J. N. Sprowls), John A., Joseph M. (now 
deceased), David C, Susan, Rebecca, and George 
W. Mr. McLain resided in Buffalo township from 
1830 until 1856; then moved to Claysville, but 
two years thereafter purchased the home farm in 
Buffalo township, to which he removed, remaining 
there until 1866, when he bought a farm in 
Donegal township, and there he had his home 
until 1872, in which year he came to Claysville, 
where he is yet residing. After this he was 
engaged in the general mercantile and-wool busi- 
ness until his retirement in 1888. When about 
the age of seventeen years, he commenced teach- 
ing school, in which he continued eighteen con- 
secutive winter terms. 

Mr. McLain, in politics, was first a Whig, and 
since the formation of the party has been an active 
Republican. He has been elected to and served 

in various important offices. In 1867 he was 
elected a jury commissioner of the county, holding 
the position one term; in ls7i> he was elected to 
the Lower House of the State Legislature, serv- 
ing in the sessions of 1S77-78. In 1878 he was 
again a candidate, but was defeated by Fiuley 
Patterson, by fourteen votes. In 1886 he was 
elected to the State Senate, serving four years. 
He was a school director for Buffalo and Donegal 
townships and the borough of Claysville. Mr. 
McLain and his family are members of the Pres 
byterian Church, and since 1883 he has been a 
member of the Session of the Claysville Presby 
terian Church. 

J j HOWARD CRAMER, editor and proprietor 
of The Enterprise- Call, Burgettstown, is 

|l| a sou of E. V. and Susan (Weight) Cramer, 
--^ and was born June 8, 1856, at Spruce Creek, 
Huntingdon Co. , Perm. 

The history of the family, of which this gentle 
man is a conspicuous and honored member, began 
with Isaac Cramer, who was born near Millville, 
Gloucester Co. , N. J., in 1786. He was the sec- 
ond child in a large family, and was of English 
descent, his father having emigrated to this coun- 
try some time before, the exact date not now be- 
ing known; but, at any rate, there is evidence that 
he served as a soldier in the American army dur- 
ing the Revolutionary war. In 1807 Isaac Cramer 
married Mary Van Eman, who was born in 1783, 
a daughter of John Van Eman, a farmer, also of 
Millville, N. J. Her parents had emigrated to 
this country from Wales. After marriage Mr. 
Cramer learned the trade of an iron raolder. He 
was drafted and served through the war of 1812, 
and after the close of that struggle he moved to 
Cumberland county, N. J. In 1832 he went to 
Lancaster county, Penn., fourteen miles southeast 
of Lancaster city. Ten children were born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Cramer, of whom the following is a brief 
record : 

(1) Wilson was born in 1809; married Roxanna 
Speelman, in Monmouth county, N. J.; they emi- 
grated to Lancaster county, Penn., a year or two 
later, and in 1843 located in the neighborhood of 
Johnstown. Eleven children were born to them, 
a majority of whom and their descendants are still 
living in that locality; two sons were badly wounded 
in the Civil war. (2) Eliza Ann was born in 1811, 
and married Isaiah Hopkins in 1826. They after- 
ward settled in Jefferson county, Penn.; fourteen 
children were born to their marriage. (3) Luke, born 
1813, was married, in 1834, to Eliza Trimble, of 
Lancaster county, by whom he had eleven chil- 
dren; their descendants are now living in that 
neighborhood; two sons were killed in the war of 
the Rebellion. (4) Isaac, born 1815, married in 



1837, Rebecca Hunt, of Lancaster county; moved 
to Philadelphia, where they lived and died; they 
had three children. (5) Mary, born in 1817, mar 
ried in 1835, William Stimeatts, of Cumberland 
county, N. J., and they settled in Maryland, near 
Sykesville; they had seven children. (6) Sarah, 
born 1819, married, 1835, William Holland, of 
Virginia; moved to Virginia where they lived a 
number of years, and finally returned to Pennsyl- 
vania, and settled near Reading; five children 
were born to them. (7) Eli V., born in 1821, will 
have special notice further on in this sketch. (8) 
Joseph, burn in 1823, married about 1846, Eliza- 
beth Garner, of Lancaster county, and moved to 
Baltimore, but at the outbreak of the Civil war 
they returned to Pennsylvania anil settled near 
Reading; they had three children. (9) David. 
born in 182."), was married in 1848 to Mary Harri- 
son, of Philadelphia; they settled in that city. 
The funnel- is still living there; Mrs. Cramer hav- 
ing been dead a number of years; their family 
consisted of three children, two of whom are now 
living. (10) Isaiah, born in 1827, married, about 
1850, Elizabeth Gray, of Philadelphia; they also 
live in Philadelphia; two children were born to 
them. Isaac Cramer, Sr., the father of this fam- 
ily, died at the home of his son, Eli V., in 1857, 
aged seventy-one years; Mrs, Cramer passed away 
three years before at the same age. 

Eli V. Cramer, born in 1821, was married, in 
1855, tn Susan Weight, at Spruce Creek, Penn., 
who died in 1865. She was the second of nine 
children born to John H. and Barbara (Zimmer- 
man) Weight, both Germans. John H. Weight 
was the eldest of four brothers and several sisters. 
His father came from Germany and settled in 
Berks county, Penn., where John H. was born in 
1807; he died at Altoona, Penn., in 1887. In 
1866 Mr. Cramer married, for his second wife, 
Mary J. Stein, eldest daughter of Richard and 
Jane Stein, of Blair county, Penn. By his two 
wives Mr. Cramer had seventeen children — live 
by the first and twelve by the second. He is now 
living at Grant, Indiana Co., Penn. Mr. Cramer 
was an active participant in the two Know-Nothing 
riots in Philadelphia. In 1847 he enlisted as a 
recruit to the regular troops, and served for six- 
teen months in the Mexican war, in Gen. Scott's 
army. During the invasion of Pennsylvania by 
the rebels in the Civil war, he went out at the call 
of Gov. Curtin, and remained until the critical 
period was past, but saw no active service. Those 
of his children who have arrived at maturity are: 
J. Howard, the subject proper of this memoir; 
Wilson T., a farmer, married and living in 
Huntingdon county, Penn. ; Mary and Martha 
(twins) (Mary is the wife of Maldon Cryder, a 
clothing merchant of Tyrone, Penn.; Martha is 
married to E. L. Butler, of Altoona); Harry, an 

iron molder, is married to Amanda King, and they 
are living at Grant, Penn. ; R. H. is a printer in 
Burgettstown, Penn. ; Jesse H. is a printer in 
Pittsburgh, Penn.; W. A., a lumberman, and 
Victor E., an iron molder, are both living at the 
paternal home. It will be noted that this family 
has been represented in all the wars of this country 
since the emigration of the regular stock. The 
great-grandfather of the present generation was in 
the Revolutionary war; the grandfather in the war 
of 1812; E. V. in the Mexican war. and a number 
of the present generation in the war of the Rebell- 
ion. Isaiah also served in the Civil war, and ex 
perienced the horrors of Libby Prison. A singular 
fact in the history of the family is that the seven 
sons of Isaac Cramer, Sr. , were iron molders, and 
the three daughters married iron molders. It will 
also be observed that they literally obeyed the 
Scriptural injunction to "Multiply and replenish 
the earth." 

J. Howard Cramer, at the age of eighteen, com 
menced to learn the printing trade in the office of 
The Times, Curwensville, Penn., afterward finish- 
ing same in the office of the Raftsman's Journal, 
at Clearfield, same State. In 1870 he moved to 
Pittsburgh, and worked for a while in the job print 
ing establishment of Myers, Shinkle & Co ; then 
went to Mansfield, Penn., and worked in The Item 
office for nearly two years. The proprietor of The 
/tiiii, C. Knepper, had established a monthly paper 
at Burgettstown, named The Enterprise, and in 
August, 1881, sold it to Mr. Cramer, who immedi- 
ately commenced the publication of a weekly edi- 
tion. On January 1, 1888, Mr. Cramer bought 
The Call from M. R. Allen, and consolidated the 
two journals under the name of The Enterprise- 
full, which is now a widely-read and prosperous 
paper. In 1S82 J. Howard Cramer was united in 
marriage with M. Jennie Row, of Clearfield, Penn., 
daughter of S. J. Row, who for thirty years was 
the editor and proprietor of the Raftsman's Jour- 
nal, the Republican organ of Clearfield county. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Cramer have been born four chil- 
dren, viz.: Amelia S., Ruth R., E. Kate (dead) 
and Charles H. Cramer. 

rPY EV. HENRY WOODS, D. D. This well- 
Iwf' known educationist is a native of Mis- 

\ \\ sour '' ' )0rn ' n Marion county, July 2, 1838. 
J) -^ He is of Irish descent, his great great 
v grandfather having emigrated from his 

native land. Ireland, to America, making, in 1730, 
a settlement in Chester county, where he carried 
on farming. 

Andrew Woods, great-grandfather of our sub 
ject, was born, reared and married in Chester 
county, whence he moved to Virginia, where he 
died. Two of his children were named Andrew 



and Archibald, of whom Andrew was born in Bote 
tourt county, Va. , near Charlottesville, and re- 
ceived his education at the public schools of the 
period, When a young man, he left the paternal 
roof and made a settlement in Wheeling (now in 
West Virginia), at that time a fort and trading 
post, and for a number of years he carried on farm- 
ing. He married Mrs. McCullough (nee Mitchell), 
widow of Major McCullough, an Indian fighter of 
considerable repute. On one occasion, the Indians 
having succeeded in surrounding him, he made a 
leap with his horse over a precipice that has since 
been known as " McCullough' 8 Leap." The 
children born to this union were Jane (who mar- 
ried Rev. James Hoge, the pioneer minister of the 
presbytery of Columbus, where he preached for 
over half a century), Andrew, Samuel, Margaret 
(Mrs. Dr. Martin L. Todd), Robert, Alfred, and Ann 
(Mrs. Dr. Archibald Todd). The father of this 
family was a member of the First Presbyterian 
Church, of Wheeling, of which he was one of the 
founders and one of the first elders. In politics 
he was a Whig of the old school. 

Andrew Woods, father of Henrv, was born June 
17, 1793, in Wheeling, Va. (now W. Va.), and, at 
the schools of the place, such as they were a 
hundred years ago, he received a liberal educa- 
tion. In 1821 he was married to Rebecca, daugh- 
ter of James Brison, of Pittsburgh, and their 
children were James B., of New Orleans, La. ; 
Oliver, deceased; Luther, in St. Louis, Mo.; 
John, in San Diego, Cal. ; Archie, in St. Louis, 
Mo.; Andrew Alfred, in New Orleans, La. ; Henry, 
and Francis M., pastor of the Presbyterian Church 
at Martinsburgh, W. Va. After marriage, Mr. 
and Mrs. Andrew Woods removed to Belmont 
county, Ohio, where he was engaged in milling 
and farming for some years. In 1837, they first 
moved to Marion county, Mo., returned to Belmont 
county, Ohio, in 1839; but in 1844 removed to 
Missouri and there died, the mother in 1851, the 
father in 1873. They were members of the Pres- 
byterian Church. In politics, Mr. Woods was a 
Whig originally, but during the period of the Civil 
war he became identified with the Demooratic 

Rev. Henry Woods, whose name heads this 
sketch, attended school in his native State part of 
the year, and when fourteen years of age he entered 
the academy at Morgantown, W. Va. , where he 
rem ai nod throe years, and then entered the junior 
class of Washington College, from which he was 
graduated in 1857. After this he taught at 
Morgantown, W. Va., two years, at the end of 
which time (in 1859) he entered the Western 
Theological Seminary, at Allegheny, from which 
he graduated in 1862. He received the degree of 
D. D. from Westminster College, in 1879. Mr. 
Woods now entered the pastorate, his firpt charge 

being the First Presbyterian Church of Steuben 
ville, Ohio, of which he remained pastor for five 
years, or until 1807, when he accepted the profess- 
orship of ancient languages in Washington and 
Jefferson College. In 18(39 the departments of 
Instruction were rearranged and he was appointed 
to the chair of Latin. Professor Woods has ever 
since been connected with this institution, and 
partly to his untiring efforts is to be credited the 
high standard which the college has attained, in 
the classical department, among the prominent 
educational institutions of the country. On June 
15,1863, Rev. Woods was united in marriage with 
Mary L., daughter of Hon. John Hoge and Ellen 
(Blaine) Ewing, of whom considerable mention is 
made elsewhere. Seven children have been born 
to them, three of whom died in early childhood; 
the survivors are: Margaret, now a missionary 
in China, married to Rev. William B. Hamilton; 
Mary; John E., in Pittsburgh, and Frances H. 
For the past twenty two years our subject has 
served as pastor of the East Buffalo Church, in 
Buffalo township. In his political predilections 
he was formerly a Whig; but since the organization 
of the Republican party has been identified with it 

IfONAS ELY, M. D. , although one among the 
. I comparatively young men in professional 
frjj life, has reached an eminence for scientific 
^^ attainments as well as thorough scholarship 
that is attained by few even of those who have de- 
voted a long life of patient toil in the work of 
their profession. He is a native of Greene county, 
Penn.. born March 2, 1853, near Waynesburg, 
in Whiteley township. His ancestry were of Ger- 
many, from which country the great-grandfather 
emigrated at an early day to America; on the voy- 
age he was so ill that at one time he was thought 
to be dead and was about to be cast into the sea, 
when signs of life were discovered in him, happily 
in time to save him from a watery grave. Jonas 
Ely, grandfather of our subject, came to Washing- 
ton county from Berks county, Penn., when a 
young man, and followed farming and stock raising 
in Franklin township; he married a Miss Euphen 
Wilson, and they both died in Greene county, same 

George Ely, father of Dr. Jonas Ely, was born 
in Washington county, Penn., September 5, 1818, 
and was married to Mary Warrick, also a resident 
of Washington county. After their marriage they 
moved to Greene county, same State, where they 
made their home, having born to them seven chil- 
dren — four sons and three daughters. They were 
both members of the M. E. Church from early 
life, and were zealous, conscientious Christians. 
Mrs. Ely passed away December 29, 1887, aged 
sixty two years. She died as she had lived, leav- 



ing testimony behind that her work was well done. 
Mr. Ely in still Living, and has been one of the 
successful farmers and stock raisers of that county. 
He has more than an ordinary mind, and has 
characteristics worthy of example, always living 
up to the 'golden rule " He was frugal, indus- 
trious, patient ; ml upright in all his dealings. 
He lias tie' respect ami esteem of all who know 
him. A neighbor made the remark to an attor- 
ney, when riding past Mr. Ely's farm, that if all 
men were like him we would have no use for 

Dr. Jonas Ely was reared on his father's farm. 
He received his education at select schools and 
Waynesburg College, studying all the branches re- 
quired there for graduation. However, from the 
age of fifteen his ambition was to become a fol- 
lower in the footsteps of Hippocrates and Galen, 
and all his spare time he assiduously devoted to 
the private study of medicine till 1883, when ho 
entered Cincinnati Medical College, from which he 
graduated in the class of 1887 at the head of his 
class. In March of that year he came to Wash- 
ington, this county, and commenced the practice 
of his chosen profession, in which he has been de- 
servedly successful. On December 25, 1873, Dr. 
Ely was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth, 
daughter of Jacob and Jane Schriver, of Greene 
county, Penn., where the former is a successful 
fanner. To this union two children have been 
born: John R. and Tillie S. The Doctor has been 
a member of the M. E. Church since the age of 
sixteen years, and has been steward in the same 
for some time. 

J I AMES S. STOCKING. The family, of which 
this gentleman is a worthy representative, 
1 are on his paternal side of Holland Dutch 
ancestry who came to America at an early 
date, and on the maternal side are descended from 
"Mayflower" Pilgrims who established a settle- 
ment near Worcester, Mass. James Phillips, a 
lineal descendant of the latter, came in 1800 to 
Washington, where he died. He had several sons, 
one of whom, James, was in the Mexican war, and 
was killed at Pueblo. The father of these sons 
was the grandfather of the subject of this sketch 
Julius Stocking, father of James S., was born 
near Auburn, N. Y. , was educated at the sub- 
scription schools of his day, and learned the trade 
of weaver. In 1835 he came to Washington, where 
he was engaged in trading and speculating, but 
later moved to Rockport, Ind. In 1836 he was 
married to Mary, daughter of James Phillips, 
above referred to, and a native of Washington 
inty, Penn. _ To this union were born the fol- 
lowing: Alfred, now in Ohio; Mary, wife of Will 
iam Jenkinson, of the firm of R. & W. Jenkinson, 

in Pittsburgh; and James S. The father died in 
1870, aged sixty-eight years, the mother in 1874, 
at the age of fifty four years. 

James Stevens Stocking, the subject proper of this 
memoir, was born December 4, 1 83'-), in Washington, 
Penn. ; attended the public schools until twelve years 
of age, when he began to make his own living, 
but found time to acquire a good education by 
self teaching. At President Lincoln's first call 
for volunteers, for three months, he enlisted in 
Company E, Twelfth Regiment, Pennsylvania 
Volunteers, and served for the term of enlistment; 
re enlisted in the One Hundredth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers (" Roundheads") and served two years 
and eight months; re-enlisted as a veteran for 
three years, and served thirteen months, making 
in all full four years' service in the Union army; 
lost an arm at Hatcher's Run, October 27, 1864; 
entered the army as a private, and was mustered 
out as first lieutenant; was appointed U. S. store- 
keeper in 1871; was unanimously nominated by 
the Republican County Convention of 1872 for 
clerk of courts, and was elected, receiving 5,465 
votes to 4,818 for Samuel Ruth, Democrat, and 
running 171 votes ahead of his party's candidate 
for governor; was renominated without opposi- 
I ion in 1875, and re-elected, receiving 5,152 votes 
to 4,702 for W. C. Scott, Democrat, and running 
235 votes ahead of the Republican candidate for 
governor; was one of the editors and proprietors 
of the Washington Observer from October 17, 
1879, to October 17, 1882, when he sold his inter- 
est, in the paper on account of ill health; was ap- 
pointed postmaster at Washington by President 
Arthur in February, 1885, and served twenty 
months, when he was removed for being a Repub- 
lican; was nominated and elected to the Assembly 
in 1888; re-nominated an re-elected in 1890, as a 
Republican. On November 1, 1891, without solici 
tation, he was offered and accepted the position of 
assistant chief and superintendent of the seed 
room in the Seed Division of the Agricultural De- 
partment at Washington, D. C, where at present 
he is located. 

On January 4, 1866. Mr. Stocking was married 
to Miss Elizabeth Hallam, of Washington, Penn. , 
a sister of the well known Hallam Bros., and she 
bore him three children: Hugh, Harry (deceased) 
and Maud, and died of smallpox February 2, 1881. 
On March 17, 1883, our subject married Mary 
Josephine, daughter of James Robinson, of Co- 
shocton, Ohio, and great granddaughter of Gen. 
Robinson, of Revolutionary fame, who made a 
settlement in the Muskingum Valley, where he 
took up a U. S. grant of 3,000 acres; he was 
captured by Indians, made to run the gauntlet, 
and was actually tied to the stake to be burned 
alive, when he was rescued by Logan, the Mingo 
chief. At the age of twenty-four Mr. Stocking 


■2 1 -i 

lost his arm, as above related, and in his twenty- 
fourth year his son, Hugh, lost his left arm by be- 
ing caught in a power printing press. In 1884 
Mr. James S. Stocking engaged in the real-estate 
business, and laid off an addition to Washington, 
Penn., known as "Kalorama." In 1887, iu con- 
nection with B. F. Hassun, Esq., platted and sold 
another addition, named "Woodland.'' In 1888, 
in connection with James Kuntz, Jr., L. McCar- 
rell and E. F. Acheson, he platted and sold the 
Weaver farm, uuder the name of West End, and 
in 1889, in connection with the same parties, he 
platted and sold the Sliirls Grove property. 
Woodland, West Eud and Sliirls Grove additions 
are now consolidated into a borough, and is known 
as "West Washington." 

FRANCIS HANLIN. The Hanlin family have 
for almost a century been identified with 
the progress and development of Hanover 
township. They have assisted in the ad 
vancemeut and support of the schools and churches, 
and all other enterprises which have served to place 
Hanover township in its present position with the 
magnificent galaxy of townships contained in 
Washington county, Penn. 

The present generation of this family trace their 
ancestry to four brothers, William, John, James 
and Alexander, who were children of Alexander 
and Nancy (Stewart) Hanlin, and natives of Coun- 
ty Tyrone, Ireland. The father dying in County 
Tyrone, the family, consisting of the widow, four 
sons and three daughters (Elizabeth, Nancy and 
Jane), came to America in 1792. Their first loca- 
tion was in Lancaster county, Penu., where the 
sons engaged in various kinds of employment. 
Energy and health formed their sole capital. One 
daughter, Nancy, was married in eastern Pennsyl- 
vania, and there passed her days. Between 1795 
and 1800 the other members of the family came 
farther west, locating on the waters of Buffalo 
creek, in Washington county, on the " Lawtou 
Farm." The brothers continued to work in part- 
nership until the begiuningof the present century, 
when James purchased land near Paris, Hanover 
township, this county, and followed the river, mak- 
ing; trips to New Orleans. He was married to a 
Miss Mills. William, John and Alexander jointly 
purchased, of one Charles Campbell, a large tract 
of land near Harmon's creek, in Hanover township, 
this county, to which they moved. William was 
affianced to Anna, daughter of John Fulton, of 
Hanover township, and his wedding day was set, 
but he died before the marriage was consummated. 
Johu Hanlin was born in 1771. in County Tyrone, 
Ireland, and in 1823 married Nancy Hanlin, a dis- 
tant relative, aud a native of Ireland. Her parents 
came to America, locating at Steubenville, Ohio, 

leaving their infant daughter with an aunt iu Ire- 
land, with whom she crossed the ocean when but 
two years of age. 

Alexander Hanlin was married in 1805 to Eliza 
beth Scott, who was born February 14, 1780, in 
Ireland, and when only two or three years of age 
was brought to America. Her father, Franklin 
Scott, was one of the first settlers in Jefferson 
township, this county, first locating there about the 
time of the Revolution. He was obliged to flee 
from the country to Irelaud, was married, and 
again crossing the Atlantic settled in Jefferson 
township, Washington Co., Penn., where he died 
After the marriage of Alexander Hanlin, the land 
belonging to the three brothers was divided, and 
he received the southern part of the tract, residing 
there until his death. He was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Episcopal Church, to which he contrib 
uted liberally, his wife being identified with the 
Methodist Episcopal Society. Although possess 
ing no property when he landed in America, by 
energy and toil Mr. Hanlin accumulated a good 
property. In politics he was first a Whig, then a 
Republican. He died at the advanced age of 
ninety years, his wife dying eight years before him, 
and they were buried in the cemetery of Tucker's 

Their children were: Alexander, killed accident- 
ally by a cider press, born January 1, 1806; William, 
deceased in Carroll county, Ohio, born August 20, 
1807; Francis, whose name opens this sketch; 
John, a farmer of Hanover township, bom Feb- 
ruary 3, 1812; James (deceased), born Febru- 
ary 17. 1814; George (deceased), born March 28, 
1816;, Stewart, a miner (died in California), born 
March 2, 1818; Charles, a farmer of Jefferson 
township, born September 26, 1820.; Grant, a farm- 
er and miller of Hanover township, bom October 
28, 1823; and Eliza Ann (unmarried), born January 
30, 1826. The town of Hanlin, a station on the 
P. C. C. & St. L. R. R , is named from the four 
Hanlin brothers, one of whom was the father of 
this family. 

Francis Hanlin, son of Alexander and Elizabeth 
Hanlin was born April 16, 1810, in Hanover town- 
ship. He was reared on his father's farm, and at- 
tended the subscription schools of that period. In 
1839 he was married to Ruth Criss, who was born 
in 1821, in Hanover township, a daughter of Jacob 
and Hannah (Riteuhouse) Criss. To this union 
three daughters were born, namely: Nancy (Mrs. 
Pressly Boyd, of Columbiana county, Ohio), Han- 
nah (unmarried, living at home) and one daughter, 
who died in infancy. The mother died many 
years ago, and on November 20, 1849, Francis 
Hanlin selected as his second wife Betsy Lyons, a 
daughter of James and Sarah (Steen) Lyons. The 
children of this marriage were born as follows: 
Sarah (deceased wife of Samuel Jackson), Stewart 



(a fanner of Hanover township), Mary (Mrs. 
Frank Ferguson, of Colliers, W. Va.), James (of 
Irondale, Ohio, was one of twins, the other of 
whom died at birth), Elizabeth (Mrs. John Ste- 
phenson of Hanover township), an infant daughter 
(deceased), and L.'titia (deceased wife of Samuel 
Work). In 1845 Francis, Hanlin and his brother 
John purchased a part of " the Davis farm " in this 
county, which was divided, and the brothers located 
on adjoining farms, where they have since lived. 
Francis Hatdin has been a lifelong farmer, and 
has passed over eighty-two years of a most indus- 
trious life. As a result he has accumulated a valu- 
able property and is an extensive landowner of 
Hanover township. On July 6, 1890, Mrs. Hauliu 
passed away and was buried in Tucker's Church 
cemetery. For many years he has been a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which 
he has held numerous offices. In politics he has 
always voted with the Democratic party. Notwith- 
standing his advanced age Mr. Hanlin is compar- 
atively a vigorous and well-preserved man. 

V. JOHNSON. Family Record.— John 
Johnston and his wife Elizabeth, of Coun- 
ty Down, Ireland, were Presbyterians of 
Scotch-Irish descent, and their children 
were: William, Esther, Jane, Margaret, 
Elizabeth, Richard, and John, the last named dy- 
ing in Ireland. They, with their six children, em- 
barked for America in the year 1772, but both 
died of fever on shipboard during the voyage. 
The children located in Delaware, whence in the 
spring of 17111 they removed to western Pennsyl- 
vania near Canonsburg. William married in 1774; 
Esther married Hugh Jackson in 1777; Jane mar- 
ried lames Hindman in 1780; Margaret married 
John Anderson; Elizabeth married William Camp 
bell; and Richard married Jane Bradford August 
23, 1796. 

Richard Johnston, son of John and Elizabeth 
Johnston, was born in June, 1703; married, Au- 
gust 23, 1796, Jane Bradford, daughter of James 
and Elizabeth (Gibson) Bradford; died November 
13, 1836; their children were Mary, James, William, 
Elizabeth, John, Richard, Jane and Thomas (twins), 
David, George, Nancy, and one that died when 
two wei'ks old. Mary, born September 24, 1798, 
married Thomas Allison, May, 1817, and died 
February 7, 1884; James, born March 10, 1800, 
died in 1819; William, born May .''», 1802, married 
Elizabeth Orr, May 10, 1826, and died December 
27, 1838; Elizabeth, born February 6, 1804, was 
married first to George Gladen, and afterward to 
Rev. John Stockton, D. D., November 19, 1861, 
and died July 11, 1892; John, born March <'>, 1806, 
married Rebecca Van Eman March 17, 1N40, and 
died October 9, 1888: Richard, born July 1. 1808, 

died in 1831; Jane (twin), born May 21, 1811, 
married Guiane Morrison, May 23, 1833, and died 
June 2. 1888; Thomas (twin), born May 21, 1811, 
married Catharine Johnson, lived in Steubenville, 
Ohio, and died June 19, 1879; David, born May 19, 
1813, married Jane Rex, February 9, 1841, lived 
in Steubenville, Ohio, and died February 8, 1883; 
George, born August 7, 1815, married Mary Tracy, 
August 25, 1847. lived in Portsmouth, Ohio, and 
died April 14, 1875; Nancy, born April 11), 1822, 
died in 1827. 

John Johnson, son of Richard and Jane John- 
son, was born March ('), 1806, married March 17, 
1840, Rebecca Van Emau, daughter of Joseph and 
Isabel (Logan) Van Eumii, and died October 9, 

1888. Their children are Richard Van Emau, 
born September 23, 1841, married West Anna Lee, 
November 17, 1869; Joseph Bradford, born Sep- 
tember 26, 1842, married Hannah Jane Crothers, 
June 5, 1867; John Gibson, born November 13, 
1845, married Annie K. Morrison, June 22, 1875. 

Nicholas Van Emau, of Emmen, Holland, mar 
ried Mary Wilson, of Wales, and their children 
were George, Nicholas, Andrew, Garrett, Katie, 
Mary, Elizabeth, Susan and Hannah. George 
Van Einan, sou of Nicholas and Mary Van- 
En an, was born September 12, 1753, and was 
twice married, first to — Little, their chil- 
dren being Mary and John; his second marriage 
was with Rebecca Scott, and their children were 
Nicholas, Scott and Jane (twins), Andrew, Rev. 
George, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Joseph, Garrett, Will 
iam, Sarah, Abraham, James and Hannah (twins). 
The parents lived for many years on the farm now 
owned by Joseph Clokey, situated four miles east 
of Washington, Penn. ; they are buried at Canal 
Fulton, Stark Co., Ohio; they were Presbyterians. 
Joseph Van Emau, son of George and Rebecca 
Van Emau, was born December 12, 1790, married 
Isabel Logan February 28, 1811, and died Sep 
tember 22, 1873; their children were Rebecca, 
James, Samuel L., Joseph, Mary, Rev. George, 
Cyrus, Margaret, Logan and Sarah. Isabel 
Logan was a daughter of Samuel and Rebecca 
(Walker) Logan, the former of whom came from 
Antrim, Ireland, when eighteen years of age; he 
was of Scotch-Irish parentage, and was a soldier 
under La Fayette, in the war of the Revolution; 
they lived on the farm now owned by C. C. Rum 
sey at Van Eman Station, Chartiers Railroad. 
Rebecca, born September 13, 1812, married John 
Johnson March 17, 1840, and died September 5, 

1889, and their children are Richard Van Eman, 
Joseph Bradford and John Gibson; James, born 
August 7, 1814, died August, 1819; Samuel L., 
born July 20, 1816, married Martha P. McCon- 
nell. September 28, 1847, and died October 11, 
1891; Joseph, born October 9, 1818, was married 
first to Sarah Lea, April 18, 1843, ami afterward 



to Mary A. Donaldson; Mary, born January 6, 
1821, married Samuel Alexander, January 24, 1860; 
Rev. George, horn January 29, 1823, was married 
first to Rachel Bowens, October 10, 1843, after- 
ward to Elizabeth Pogue September 8, 1847; 
Cyrus, born April 1, 1825, died January, 1828; 
Margaret, born December 26, 1826, married Israel 
Bebout, December, 1850, and died March 31, 186'J; 
Logan, born April 6, 1829, married Jane Vance, 
October 14, 1858; Sarah, born February 17, 1834, 
married Samuel Bebout August 14, 1856. 

Richard Van Eman Johnson, sou of John and 
Rebecca Johnson, was born September 23, 1841, 
married November 17, 1869, West Anna Lee, 
daughter of Maj. William and Jane (Craig) Lee, 
of Cross Creek, Penu., and their children are 
Rebecca Jane and William Lee. He lives at 
Johnson Station, Chartiers Railroad, on the farm 
formerly owned by bis father and grandfather. 


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HARLES E. BEACH (deceased) was born in 
East Bloomneld, N. Y., January 31, 1819, 
a son of Chauncey, who was a son of 
Chauncey, who was a sou of Amos, who was 
a son of John, who was a son of John, who was a 
son of Thomas, a native of England. 

In 1639 there came from England three brothers 
— Richard, John and Thomas — who settled in 
New Haven, Conn., where Thomas, in 1654, mar 
ried Sarah, daughter of Richard Piatt, and of their 
children one sou, John, was born October 19, 
1655, and died in 1709. John Beach had one sou, 
also named John, born October 15, 1690, in Wal 
lingford, Conn., who in 1738 moved to Goshen, 
same State, where he died May 9, 1773. On 
August 8, 1715, he was married to Sarah Taylor, 
who died, leaving one son, Barney, and John Beach 
then married, February 22, 1717, Mary Roys, to 
which union one son, Amos, was born January 28, 
1724. Amos Beach married, December 21, 1716, 
Mary Rich, and their son Chauncey was born in 
Goshen, Conn., November 11, 1748, and became 
the grandfather of the subject of this sketch. 

Chauncey Beach received his education in his 
native town, and was reared to the milling business, 
which he followed many years. He remained in 
Goshen until 1801, when he removed to West 
Bloomneld, N. Y. , where he died May 13, 1 S25, a 
consistent member of the Presbyterian Church. 
In politics he was a Federalist originally, and dur- 
ing the later years of his life a Whig. On De- 
cember 24, 1772, he married Catherine Alvord, who 
was born November 21, 1750, and the following 
record of their family of children gives the names 
and dates of birth: Erastus, June 3, 1775; Olive, 
May 5, 1777; Lucy, October 6, 1778; Ambrose, 
August 14, 1780; Abram, May 12, 1782; Elisha, 
Juue23, 1783; Theron, July 9, 1785; Catherine, 
June 29, 1787; Chauncey, May 5, 1789, and 
Nathaniel, October 26, 1791. 

Chauncey Beach, father of Charles E., was bom 
in Goshen, Conn., where he received the earlier part 
of his education, and, as will be seen, was about 
twelve years old when his parents moved with their 
family to West Bloomfleld, N. Y. After leaving 
school he learned the trade of cabinet maker, but 
abandoned it to take up that of his father, milling, 
which, having mastered, he carried on in West 
Bloomfleld until 1836, when he moved to Parma, 
N. Y. , thence to Ohio, to a place now known as 
Kent. There he remained seven years, at the end 
of which time he went to Painesville; then after a 
few years he proceeded to West Cleveland. At 
the latter place he resided but six months, when he 
moved to Akron, and thence, after three years, 
came to Mouongahela City, all the time engaged 
in the milling business until old age compelled 
him to retire from active work. On August 19. 
1813, Mr. Beach married Matilda Eggleston, of 



West Bloomfield, who became the mother of four 
children, viz.: Catherine, born August 2, 1814; 
James W ., born October 2, 1816; Charles E., born 
January 31, 1819, and Cordelia, born August 29, 
1821. The mother passed from earth July 21, 
1866, the father May 19, 1870. He was a Whig 
until the change of the party was consummated, 
when he became a Republican. 

Charles E. Beach was educated at the public 
schools of his native town — proving a deep and 
diligent student. When a young man he entered 
his father's mill, and remained there several years. 
In 1S47 the family moved to Monongahela City, 
Penn., where he and his father bought the flouring 
mill, but in 1867 sold it, and then, in company 
with his father, bought an interest in the lumber 
yard and planing mill iu Monongahela City, now 
owned by Blythe & Co. On account of poor 
health he sold his interest in 1876, and retired from 
business. On September 23, 1858, he married 
Emma Pierce, and the children by that union were 
Matilda E., M. Edith and Amanda S., of whom 
the first and last named are deceased. The 
mother of these children died January 1, 1866, and 
March 29, 1870, Mr. Beach was married to Eliza- 
beth, daughter of Thomas Heslep. One child, 
Nellie, was born to them. Our subject was a 
stanch Republican in his political views, and was 
recognized as a leading and enterprising man in the 
community. His widow is still a resident of Mo- 
nongahela City. 

Thomas Heslep, father of Mrs. Elizabeth Beach, 
was born iu Chester county, Penn., in 1801, a son 
of John Heslep, a native of the same county, who 
married a Miss Grant, and had by her several 
children, of whom the following names are obtain- 
able: Robert, John, George and Thomas. John 
Heslep came to Washington county at an early day, 
and purchased a farm in Carroll township where 
he died. He was a Whig in politics, and in Church 
connection a Baptist. Thomas Heslep was reared 
partly in Washington county, partly in Pittsburgh. 
He married Margaret MeCormick, of Pigeon Creek, 
and they then settled on a farm in Somerset town 
ship, where he died in 1860; his wife is also dead. 
He had two children. Elizabeth (Mrs. Charles E. 
Beach) and John. Mr. Heslep was first a Whig, 
afterward a Republican, and in church connection 
he was a sound Presbyterian. 

DR. W. H. ALEXANDER, a rising young 
physician of Washington county, is a grand- 
son of Joseph Alexander, whose father, 
Samuel, was born in Ireland, whence, iu 
17(53, he emigrated to America, locating at Chadd's 
Ford, Chester Co. , Penn. He was married to a 
Miss Wilson, who bore him three children, and in 
1785 they moved to Allegheny county, same State. 

He patented 360 acres of land, lying two miles 
from Bridgeville, Penn., and both he and his wife 
died on this place. 

Joseph Alexander, son of Samuel, was born iu 
1766, on the home place at Chadd's Ford, Chester 
Co., Penn., and in 1807 was united in marriage 
with Elizabeth West. The following year he 
bought and moved upon 140 acres in North Stra 
bane township, this county, and died there March 
23, 1828. The wife and mother passed away iu 
1869, leaving the following children: Mary (wife 
of James Mahood), Samuel (married to Mary 
Van Eman), Elizabeth (Mrs. John Dixon, of 
Milan, Rock Island Co.. 111.), Joseph W.,West, and 
Susan (wife of William McQuail, a farmer of 
North Strabane township). 

Joseph W. Alexander was born April 5, 1815, on 
the home place in Canonsburg, and from earliest 
youth was an earnest, vigorous student. His in- 
clinations and natural ability soon led him to 
choose the medical profession as his life work. 
He entered Jefferson College in 1835, taking a full 
course with the exception of Greek. In 1838 he 
entered the office of Dr. Leatherland, and there 
studied medicine, at the same time teaching school. 
In 1840 he completed a thorough course at Jeffer- 
son Medical College, and then began to practice 
his profession in Eldersville, Washington Co., 
Penn., thence moving to Hillsboro, where he re- 
mained several years. On June 18, 1844, he was 
united in marriage with Mary Ann, daughter of 
James aod Elizabeth (Morrison) Horner. On 
August 6, 1861, Dr. Alexander passed the State 
Medical Examination, and in January, 1862, 
passed the examination as a surgeon. He was ap- 
pointed surgeon of the Twenty-sixth P. V. I., 
serving three years, and after the battle of Fair 
Oaks was made surgeon of the Eighty-fifth P. V. 
I., then served in the same capacity with the Fif- 
teenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, in the army of the 
Cumberland, until mustered out June 21, 1865, at 
Nashville, Tenn. He was physician of the Mor- 
ganza Reform School for many years, and passed 
the latter portion of his life in Canonsburg, enjoy- 
ing an enviable reputation as one of the most dis- 
tinguished physicians of Washington county. In 
August, 1885, he lost his wife, who had borne him 
children as follows: Laura (deceased), Elizabeth 
(wife of Thomas Yates), Margaret (Mrs. James 
F. Ray), Joseph H., Lola and William H. Dr. 
Alexander was originally a Whig, uniting with the 
Republican party upon its organization; was chair- 
man of the first county convention, and served as 
a member of the Legislature in 1853. He was a 
member of the Presbyterian Church, serving as 
elder for many years. The influence of Dr. Alex- 
ander will long be felt in the community where 
much of his life work was accomplished. He 
passed to rest April 20, 1892. 


22 1 

\V. H. Alexander, a son of the eminent physician 
above mentioned, was lwrn in Canonsburg, Penn. 
He is a worthy representative of his honored 
father, whose unfinished work it has become the 
sacred dnty of the young physician to take up. 
W. H. Alexander entered Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege at the age of twenty two year--, and. gradnat 
ing in 1885, commenced practice with bin father 
in Canonsburg. He is a stanch Republican, work 
ing earnestly for the success of hi- party, and is 
undoubtedly destined to become as distinguished 
iu his chosen calling as was his father. 

J (AMES WATSON. In recording the names 
of the prominent and influential citizen- of 
Washington county, our list would be in com 
plete were to be omitted the name of this, in 

liis lifetime, well known eminent attorney. 
James Watson was liorn in Canonsburg, Wash 
ington Co., Penn., a son of John and Mary (Miller) 
Watson, both of whom died in Canonsburg. They 
were the parents of six children, of whom only one 
survives, a daughter, Mrs. Miller, now living with 
her son in law, Mr. Haft, in Houstonville, this 
county. Our subject received his primary educa 
tioti at the common schools of his native town, af 
ter which he attended Canonsburg College, from 
which he graduated. Immediately after gradua- 
tion he came to the borough of Washington and 
commenced the study of law in the office of 
Thomas McKennan, under whose preceptorship he 
studied until he was admitted to the bar iu 1833. 
Soon afterward, Mr. McKennan being admitted to 
Congress, Mr. Watson was received into partner 
ship with him in the practice of law, and during 
his absence our subject had complete charge of 
the office and business. His entire legal life was 
at the Washington county bar, and at first his 
practice was a general one, but later in life he 
would take no criminal cases. On April 15, 1875, 
Mr. Watson passed from earth at the age of sixty 
six years. He was a member of the United Pres- 
byterian congregation of Washington, and in politics 
he was a Republican. On January 15, 1835, he 
was married to Miss Maria Woodbridge Morgan, 
daughterof George and Elizabeth Aldrich (Thomp- 
son) Morgan, and ten children were born to them, 
viz. : Elizabeth Thompson, living with her widowed 
mother; Mary Baynton, widow of Rev. Alexander 
Reed, late of the Presbyterian Church (she resides 
in Washington, Penn.): George (deceased); Jane 
Gilman, living in Allegheny; David Thompson, a 
prominent attorney of Pittsburgh; Matilda, wife of 
A. G. Happer, in Washington, Penn. ; James, au 
attorney in New York City; William Morgan, part- 
ner with his brother, David T., in law business, in 
Pittsburgh, and two that died in infancy. Mrs. 

Watson still resides in Washington. She is a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church. 

George Morgan, father of Mrs. .lames Watson, 
was born in 1780 iu Princeton, N. J., a son of Col. 

(i ge Morgan who was married in Philadelphia 

to Miss Mary Baynton (daughter of a merchant ol 
that city), by whom he had children, John, Ann, 
George! Thomas and Maria. Col. George Morgan 
came with his family to Washington county, set 
tling on land in North Strabane township, said 
land being a portion of what is known as the 
"Morganza tract." Col. George Morgan died in 
1810, his wife surviving him fifteen years, and they 
were both buried in the family ground at Mm' 
ganza, and afterward removed to the cemetery at 
Washington, Penn. Their son George was edu- 
cated at Princeton (N. J.) College, and came wesl 
in 1796, after he had finished his studies. He 
married Elizabeth A , daughter of David Thomp- 
son, of Delaware, iu which State the daughter was 
born, and the young couple then settled on the old 
farm at Morganza, ou which they resided many 
years. The family of children born to them were 
as follows: 'David T. (deceased!. Mary B. (de 
ceased wife of Rev. Wijliam McCombs), Elizabeth 
McKennan (deceased wife of Luther Edgerton, of 
Marietta. Ohio), Nancy Gibbs (widow of William 
D. Morgan, and now living in Washington, Penn.), 

Maria W Lbridge (since Mrs. James Watson). 

George (deceased). Matilda Bowman (first wife of 
William D. Morgan, of Washington), Dr. William 
McKennan (deceased), and Lauretta Thompson 
(residing at Washington). The father died sud- 
denly while on his way home from a visit to Ohio, 
the mother passing away several years after, in 
Washington, at the age of seventy years. The 
family is one of the best known and most highly 
connected in the county. 


L JlrUNSON POST was born in the State of 
\f/\ New Jersey. He married and lived in 
It I Essex county, where he reared a large 
-^ family, and thence removed to Mashing 
ton county. Penn., settling in Morris town 
ship about the year 1781. He brought his family 
and household effects in wagons, and they were 
several weeks on the way. One incident of their 
journey has been hauded down to the present 
generation, which is about as follows: They 
brought two or three cows with them, the boys of 
the family taking turns driving and herding them. 
When they camped for the night the cows were 
milked night and morning, and as they moved on, 
the jostling of the wagon churned the milk, thus 
saving the time and labor of churning the milk. 
Politically Mr. Post was a Democrat, which is 
largely the characteristic of his descendants. 
Just what his religious faith was, is not known, 



but be is supposed to have been a member of the 
Church of England. 

Jeremiah Post, son of Munson Post, was born in 
Essex county, N. J., September 10, 1769, and at. 
the age of twelve years came with his father's 
family to Washington, Penn. He received a 
limited education, and in January, 1794, was 
married to Martha, daughter of Dr. Charles 
Cracraft, and she bore him four children: William, 
Deborah, Charles and Joseph. For his second 
wife he married, October 25, 1804, Mary, daughter 
of Abraham Enlow, who resided in East Finley 
township, this county, and their children were 
Maitha, Jemima, Martin, Jesse, Luke, Sarah, 
Mary A., James R. and Phoebe. Mr. Post for a 
short time after he was married lived on a small 
farm which he owned near what is now Van Bureu, 
which he sold and then bought the home farm, it 
being a part of a tract of land called "Content," 
situated on the headwaters of Ten Mile creek, 
owned by Dr. Charles Cracraft, where he after 
ward resided. Politically he was a Democrat; in 
religious faith he was a Cumberland Presbyterian, 
and was one of the charter members of the Bethel 
C. P. Church. He died June 1, 1848, and was 
buried in the Bethel cemetery; his wife died 
November 30, 1854, and rests beside him. 

William Post, son of Jeremiah Post, was born 
November 12, 1795, and grew up on the home 
farm. He married Miss Margaret, daughter of 
Benjamin Lindley, of Morris township, and they 
live in different parts of Washington and Greene 
counties, also in northern Ohio. They reared a 
large family of children. He was a farmer by oc- 
cupation at the time of his death, which occurred 
January 2, 1866, on the farm owned by his son 
B. L. Post in Donegal township, where he was 
then living; his remains were buried in the Bethel 
cemetery near Van Buren. His wife followed 
him to the grave in March, 1884, and her remains 
rest by his. Their son B. L. Post, of Donegal 
township, is an enterprising and successful farmer. 
Deborah Post grew up on the home farm, and was 
married to John, son of Luke Enlow, of East Finley 
township. They lived for many years on the 
home farm where the Pees brothers now reside, it 
being his father's farm. They reared a large 
family, and migrated to southern Illinois. Mr. 
Enlow was a millwright by occupation, but after 
they removed he engaged in farming which he 
carried on successfully as long as he lived. Mrs. 
Enlow was something over seventy years of age at 
the time of her death; her remains rest near her 
western home. Charles Post was brought up on' 
the home farm, and learned the millwright's trade 
with Charles Cracraft, and worked at same for a 
number of years. He married Miss Elizabeth 
Bryant, and then went to Allen county, Ohio, 
where he purchased a farm, built a mill thereon, 

and engaged in farming and milling which he 
carried on until overtaken by the infirmities of 
age. They reared five children, four of whom are 
settled near their old home at Spencerville, Allen 
Co., the fifth being settled in Jasper county, Mo. 
Mr. Post in politics was a Republican, in religious 
faith a Methodist Episcopal; he died at his home 
March 28, 1884. Joseph Post when a young man 
engaged in mercantile business. He married and 
lived near Batavia, Ohio, and reared two children: 
Samuel P. and Mary E., who became the wife of 
Hon. Darnell, of Van Wert, Ohio. Mr. Post died 
when comparatively a young man; his widow is at 
present residing with her daughter at Vau Wert, 

Martha Post became the wife of George Eng- 
land, of East Finley township, and was the mother 
of two children, Samuel, and Mary A., who became 
the wife of G. W. Craft, of Morris township. Mrs. 
England died when about thirty-one years of age. 
Jemima Post married John, son of Elliott Enlow, 
and they lived on his father's farm near the Stony 
Point M. E. church in East Finley township. 
Their family consisted of four daughters and one 
son — John M — an enterprising furniture dealer in 
Claysville. Mrs. Enlow was an exemplary member 
of the M. E. Church at Stony Point; she died May 
6, 1S83, aged seventy-live years, and her body rests 
beside that of her husband in the Stony Point 
cemetery. Martin Post was born June 22, 1809, 
and passed his youth on the home farm in South 
Franklin township, Washington Co., Penn., re- 
ceiving his education in the common schools. He 
married Miss Rebecca, daughter of Hugh and 
Ruth Montgomery, of East Finley township, and 
they had three children: Sarah M. (deceased), 
Mary E. and John M. They began life on the 
home farm where they passed the rest of their 
days. Mr. Post was a successful farmer, which 
occupation he followed as long as he lived. He 
was a great reader, and kept himself informed in 
most of the leading topics of the day. Politically 
he was a Democrat; in religious faith he was a 
member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church; 
he was one of the charter members of the Bethel 
C. P. Church. On February 2, 1840, he was or- 
dained ruling elder of the above-named church, 
and from his ordination until his death he was 
clerk of the Session — a period of some forty- five 
years. One of the leading characteristics of his 
life was his great desire to always be right and do 
right. He died January 30, 1885, and his body 
was laid to rest in the Bethel cemetery, by that of 
his father and mother. After his decease his widow 
lived on the home farm until her death, and she 
managed the farm successfully, being a woman of 
great perseverance and energy. She also was a 
member of the Bethel C. P. Church. She died 
February 23, 1892, in her seveuty first year, and 



was buried beside ber bueband. Their daughter 
Mary E. resides on the home farm. John M. is a 
prominent fanner and business man of East Fin- 
ley township, and is a justice of the peace in said 
township. Jesse Post was horn December '2, 1811; 
he married Margaret Dickerson, of Morris town- 
ship, anil after living for a number of years in 
East Finley township, at what is known as Post's 
Mill, In- removed to Washington county. Ohio, and 
purchased a farm near Beverly, where he engaged 
in farming. They had no children. He died 
July II, 1879; his widow is still living. Luke 
Post wasborn August 13, 1846. He married Mar 
i ha McKoy, of East Finley township; was a farmer 
l>\ occupation; in politics a Democrat, and in relig- 
ious faith a Cumberland Presbyterian. He died 
( October 29, 1 855, and was buried in the Stony Point 
cemetery; his wife is still living, and is now the 
widow of Richard Mounts, of Donegal township. 
Sarah Post died when about twentj our years 
of age, unmarried; Mary Ann became the wife of 
John Finley, of East Finley township, and was 
the mother of Beven children, namely: Jeremiah 
P., Sarali I.. James M., John A . Phoebe M. (de- 
ceas'd), Robert ('. and William I!. The parents 
lived in East Finlej township. The mother was 
truly a Christian woman, and as to her good <pial 
dies her neighbors could testify. Her kindness 
has relieved many of the hungry pool- of her com- 
munity. She was a member of the Presbyterian 

Church 1 of Claysville. She died December 8, 
1877, and her body rests in the Claysville ceme- 
tery. James R. Post died in infancy. Phoebe 
Post was born September 5, 1823, and became the 
wife of Cyrus Sprowls, of East Finley township 
They began life en the old home farm now owned 
by Mrs. Simeon Sprowls, and they had three chil 
dren, two of whom are living: Jesse 1'. and Mary 
A Mrs. Sprowls was an exemplary member of 
the Bethel C. P. Church. She died July 31, 18 19, 
and was buried in the Stony Point cemetery. Her 
husband lived many years after her decease. 
Their son, J. P., is a Cumberland Presbyterian 
minister, now at Salem, III.; Mary A. is the wife 
of Jacob Rockey, of Burnsville, this county. 
[From the pen of Mary E. Post. 

rii M. TODD, a prominent attorney at law in 

II l\ Washington, was born September 23, 1842, 

ij\\ at Jacksonville, Morgan Co., 111., a son of 

J -* Rev. Andrew Todd, who was a native of 

Flemingsburg, Ky. The grandfather of 

our subject, who was also a Kentuckian, married 

there, and had a numerous family. 

Rev. Andrew Todd, father of the subject of 
these lines, received his primary education at the 
public schools of his neighborhood, which was sup- 
plemented with a course of study at Washington 

College and at Jefferson College in this county, 
graduating from the latter- in 1S17. He then en 
tered Princeton Theological Seminary, where he 
graduated, after which he resided for a time m 
Flemingsburg, Ky., and finally moved to Jackson 
ville, 111., where he passed the rest of his days, 
dying at Montieello. Fla.. September 2, 1850. Mr. 
Todd was married to Catherine, daughter of John 
and Catherine (Cunningham) Wilson, the former a 
native of Ireland, the latter of Scotland, Mr. 
Wilson, who was by trade a cabinet maker, came 
to Washington county at an early day and made a 
permanent settlement. The children born to Rev. 
Andrew and Catherine (Wilson) Todd were Ara 
bella (Mrs. Rev. Joseph Waugh) and A. M. In 
politics Mr. Todd was a Whig. 
A. M. Todd attended the public schools of his na 

tive town, and at the age of fourt entered Wash 

ington College, this county, where he graduated in 
18<51. On completing bisliterar) studies he entered 
the law office of David S. Wilson, in Washington, 
where he remained until 1868, when he was admitted 
to the bar of Washington county. Mr. Todd was 
married in 1874 to Annie, daughter of Joseph 
Mason, a native of Steubenville, Ohio. To them 
were born two children, Catharine, who died in in 
fancy, and Elizabeth M. In politics Mr. Todd is a 
Republican, prominent in the parly. At the forma 
tion of the Bar Association of Washington count) 
in September. 1892, he was unanimously chosen 
president of that bodj 

II M ICHAELG. KUNTZ. who, like his brother 
l\/| James W., is one of the oldest and most 

I ■ I respected residents of Washington bor 

II — ough, first saw the light of day February 
v 1 1, 1820, in an old log house which stood 
on a piece of land that has been in the possession 
of the family for a great many years. 

His grandfather. Michael Kuntz, a laborer by 
occupation, (tame, unaccompanied, in 1788, from 
Lancaster county to Washington county, and bought 
land where now stands Brady's jewelry store, in 
Washington. Here he built a cabin, but on ac- 
count of the Indians, his family did not come out 
until May, 1790. Michael Kuntz revisited Lan- 
caster county, but returned and died here in 1793 
(he was a Freemason of high standing). His 
widow, who afterward married Joseph Price, sur- 
vived him until about the year 1835, when she 
was called from earth at the advanced age of nine- 
ty-three years. She was his second wife, and 
there is a record of two children by his first mar- 
riage, John and an older brother, who was a car- 
penter. To his second union four children were 
born, of whom we find the names of George H. , 
Jacob, Sophia (Mrs. (ieorge Byrker, formerly of 
Washington) and also another daughter, a Mrs. 



Beddick, all now passed away. They came over the 
mountains on pack horses, across which were 
thrown saddle-bags, made of homemade linen, and 
when the little boys were tired walking they were 
placed in the pockets of these saddle bags. 

George H. Kuntz, born in Lancaster county, 
Penn., January 25, 1785, was about six years old 
when brought to Washington. Here he lived at the 
same place over fourscore years, dying July-18,1870. 
He was a hatter by trade, and in 1810 opened a 
factory at Washington, where hats were made by 
hand. This business he continued until 1844, 
when he retired. In 1818 he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Wisbey, of Washington, and 
seven children were born to them: Michael and 
James W., both at Washington; one that died in 
infancy; Brady, a physician, who died at Washing- 
ton, March 26, 1863; Sophia, who married Charles 
Hayes, and died at Washington in 1S54; Philip, 
who also died at Washington, December IN. 1ST:', 
and Stephen, who died in April, 1891, at the age 
of fifty six years. The father was called from 
earth July 18, 1870, at the age of eighty-six years 
(he was a Jacksonian Democrat, and for a time 
served as borough treasurer; was a Freemason, 
having been initiated in 1824); the mother died 
April 21, 1884, when eighty-four years old. 

Michael G. Kuntz received his education at the 
public schools of his native place, remaining under 
the paternal roof until he was eighteen years of 
age, when he proceeded to Wheeling, W. Va., in 
order to learn the cabinet making trade. On 
completing his apprenticeship, he returned to 
Washington, where for a time he worked for 
Thomas Bryson, and at journey work, until 1844, 
when he opened a shop in Washington for his own 
account. This he conducted until April, 1856, 
when he embarked in the gents' furnishing business, 
which he has since continued, having been located 
at his present stand over twenty eight years. On 
October 16, 1844, Mr. Kuntz was married to Miss 
Eliza Jane, daughter of John Ruth, who came to 
Washington from Maryland at an early day, dying 
here. This union has been blessed with six chil- 
dren, viz.: George B., in his father's store; Mary 
Jane, married to Robert McBrury, and now keeping 
house for her father; James Jr., in the real-estate 
business at Washington; Elizabeth, wife of John 
M. Morrow, of Washington, and John R., a drug 
gist of Washington. The mother died April 19, 
1886, at the age of sixty-three years. Mr. Kuntz 
has been a lifelong Democrat, and has not failed 
to poll his vote for fifty years, his first Presidential 
vote being cast in the fall of 1844, when he had to 
walk sixteen miles for that purpose. He joined 
the I. O. O. F. at Washington, and in February, 
1843, became a charter member of Lodge No. 81. 
His present home is on South Main street, where 
he has resided for the last sixteen years. 

HARLESB. WOOD, M.D., a prominent phy 
sician and surgeon of Monongahela, is a 
son of Samuel A. Wood, a native of Vir- 
ginia, whose family were of English birth. 
Samuel A. Wood was married to Lucy M. Curl, 
of Virginia, whose mother was a relative of Chief- 
justice Gibson, of Pennsylvania. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Wood were: Joshua 
G., au attorney of Topeka, Kans. ; Thomas S., who 
died in 1892, was principal of one of the Allegheny 
schools; Louis M., an architect of Denver, Colo.; 
Charles B., whose name opens this sketch; Mary 
G, living in Brownsville, Penn., and Lucy, de- 
ceased. The parents are now living in Browns 
ville, Fayette county, retired from active business. 
Both are members of the Presbyterian Church. 

Charles B. Wood was born at Brownsville, Fay 
ette county, Penn., where he passed his youth. 
He attended Oberlin College for four years, then 
read medicine with Dr. W. S. Duncan, of Browns 
ville, and completed his studies at the University 
of Pennsylvania, from which he graduated in 1876. 
He practiced at Monongahela for ten years, then 
attended the Polyclinic of New York, and in 1889 
took a course in special studies at the Polyclinic 
Hospital and Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia. 
In 1887 he married Carrie, daughter of Hon. 
George V. Lawrence, of Monongahela. One son, 
Lawrence, blessed their union. Dr. Wood has 
given special study to the eye and ear, but is a gen 
eral practitioner, and since 1881 has been Surgeon 
for the Pennsylvania Railroad. He is what every 
true physician must be, enthusiastically devoted 
to his calling. His reputation is not confined to 
this domain, however, for Dr. Wood is equally a 
favorite in social and business circles, where his 
original ideas and store of information are ever 
fully appreciated. In politics he is a Republican, 
" born and bred," and has served as a member of 
the school board of Monongahela. He is a mem- 
ber of the American Medical Association; Pennsyl- 
vania State Medical Society; National Association 
of Railway Surgeons; and Washington County 
Medical Society. 

QUIRE HENRY B. McLEAN, a well known, 
popular and successful citizen of this coun- 
ty, was born in Fayette county, Penn., May 
19, 1822. The McLean family came to 
Fayette county in an early day, where the grand 
parents died many years ago. Alexander, a 
brother of John McLean, the grandfather, served 
his county and party as register and recorder for 
many years. The grandparents had a family of 
se.veu children, all of whom are now deceased. 

John McLean, father of subject, was born in 
1771. He was a soldier in the war of 1812, serv- 
ing as captain of a company from Fayette county. 



Hi' was a surveyor and farmer by profession, ami 
in early life was united in marriage with Mary. 
daughter of John Jackson, of Washington county. 
Perm The family finally settled on a farm in 
Fayette county, when' Mr. McLean died in L831, 
at the age of sixty years. His widow afterward 
became the wifeof John Gattenby, of Brownsville, 
Fayette Co., Penn She died in 1S7'2, having 
borne to her first husband a family of eleven chil 
dren: James, Samuel, John, William, Robert, 
Henry 15., Clarissa, Helen, Sarah, Mary Ann and 
Margaret, of whom John, Mary Ann and Henry 
B. survive. A few moved West, and they were 
widely scattered, our subject being the only one who 
settled in Washington county. 

Henry B. McLean attended the log-cabin school 
of the day. the walls of which were decorated with 
pegs, whereon were placed whips of all sizes, tend 
iog to strike terror into the juvenile heart. Some- 
times a stick, happening to be mor nvenient to 

the hand of the irate pedagogue, was thrown at the 
head of the offending urchin. He resided on the 
farm until eighteen years of age, when he began 
life for himself in Washington county, first learn- 
ing the carpenter's trade of James Rogers (de- 
ceased) and a brother in law. After serving a 
three years' apprenticeship, he followed his trade 
ten years, beginning work at I o'clock in the muni 
ing and closing at S in the evening, receiving in 
payment the munificent salary of SI per day. On 
May 19, 1847, Mr. McLean married Mary Ann, 
daughter of Samuel Rogers, who came from Mary 
land in 1820, and died on Squire McLean's farm a 
few years ago, at the age of sixty eight years, the 
mother having passed away some years before. In 
1852 our subject bought the farm he now own--. 
upon which an old lug house was then standing, 
By hard work he continued to improve this home 
until a comfortable income was secured, and in 
1867 erected a dwelling-house. While working on 
this building, he fell from a high scaffolding, 
striking his head on a stone, and crushing his ribs. 
He was senseless for over a week, and has never 
fully recovered from the terrible accident. Squire 
McLean has attained the prominent position he 
now occupies in Washington county by years of 
untiring industry, and deserves the most sincere 
and hearty commendation. His marriage has been 
blessed by one daughter, .Sarah Ellen (Mrs. J. Y. 
Scott, of Washington, Penn.). In politics he was 
a Democrat until IS'ifi, when he became a Repub- 
lican. He has served in all the township offices, 
also tilling the position of county commissioner for 
oue term, and has acted as justice of the peace for 
fifteen years, being especially fitted for the latter 
office, for he has always been a peacemaker. Mr. 
and Mrs. McLean are members of the M. E. 
Church. She has a brother, John A., living in 
Baltimore, Maryland. 

n C. SAMPSON (deceased) was horn Feb 
1 I ruarj 1">, 1828, in Allegheny county, Penn., 

fpAl near MoKeesport, a son of Thomas and 
JJ -* Anna (Coon) Sampson, the former of whom, 
a native of Ireland, came to America at an 
early day. Their children were Mary ( Mrs. Oliver 
Evans), A. C, Harvey, Margaret. William. John 
and Letitia. Thomas Sampson was a farmer and 
manufacturer of sickles, and also conducted a 
flouring mill. He was ;i zealous member of the 
Long Run Presbyterian Church. 

A. C. Sampson received a liberal education at 
the public schools in tin' vicinity of his birthplace, 
proving an apt and diligent pupil. In his earl] 
manhood he embarked in the insurance business, 
which he followed with marked success during his 
lifetime, being general agent for Western Penn 
sylvania Co. He was three times married: first to 
Margaret Williams, then to Fannie Moore, and 
lastly to Letitia S., daughter of -lames Manown, 
of whom special mention will presently be made. 
The children by the first wife were Nancy, and 
one that died in infancy; by the second, two that 
died in infancy; and by the third, live children, 
viz.: Anna K. (deceased wife of Dr. Boyd, also de 
ceased), Sarah M., Letitia S. (who married Edwin 
Bmbaker, and died, leaving oue sou, Henry S. 
Brubaker), A. C. and Harriet L. The father of 
these children died May It*. 1872. After his first 
marriage, lie came, in 1853, to Monongahela City 
to reside. Mr. Sampson was a progressive citizen, 
a typical self made man, than whom none in the 
county enjoyed higher respect and esteem. He 
was the first president of the People's Savings 
Bank. Monongahela City, and was oue of the 
active, solid business men of the place. Politically 
lie was a working member of the Republican party; 
socially a F. & A. M., ho held a high degree in the 
fraternity; in religion ho was a consistent member 
of the Presbyterian Church. 

James Manown, father of Mrs. A. C. Sampson, 
was born in County Down, Ireland, in 1781. His 
father, Richard Manown, a native of the same 
county, married a Miss Smith, who bore him chil 
dren as follows: James, William, John, Richard 
and Elizabeth (Mrs. Robert Bailie). The family 
came to America in 1798, the voyage occupying 
fourteen weeks, and from New York, where they 
landed, they 7 proceeded to western Pennsylvania, 
making a settlement near Round Hill Church, in 
Westmoreland county, where they followed farm 
ing. They were members of the Episcopal 
Church. James Manown, was, as will be seen, 
seventeen years old when he came with his parents 
to America. He had been well educated in his 
native land, and on his arrival in the New World 
be learned the trade of carpenter and builder 
which he followed for some years. On December 
0, 1808, he married Mrs. Cassandra Elliott, a 



daughter of Daviil Devore, and the widow of 
George Elliott, by whom she had two children: 
Burn side and Patience (Mrs. Benjamin Davis). 
David Devore (the grandfather of Mrs. Letitia 
Manown Sampson) came from New Jersey in 
1787, with his wife Elizabeth Harvey. He and his 
brother, Moses Devore, purchased, in 1788, 250 
acres of land, lying opposite Monongahela City, 
which land was then in Westmoreland county, now 
Forward township, Allegheny county, paying 50 
cents per acre with interest from March 1, 1771, 
agreeably to an act passed by the Assembly in 
1784. David Devore was granted license to ferry 
from his home on this property to the mouth of 
Pigeon creek, afterward known as Parkison's 
ferry. He died in 1789, leaving a widow and 
one child, Cassandra. His widow some years af- 
terward married Major Scott, and to her was born 
one son, William. After the death of Mr. Scott 
Ins widow made her home with this son at Vin- 
ceunes, Ind., where she died in 1820. Cassandra 
Devore married George Elliott, who was drowned 
off the ferry while trying to rescue his son Burn- 
side, -lames Manown married Mrs. George El- 
liott, and resided on the farm near the ferry which 
James Manown bought from Moses Devore. The 
ferry belonging to his wife, James Manown after- 
ward bought at sheriff sale the Parkison inter 
est in land and ferry, and carried on the ferry 
until the Williamsport bridge was built in 1836. 
On this same farm now live James Manown's old 
est son, Franklin, with his two sisters, Mrs. Har- 
riet Moore and Sarah Manown, also James Moore, 
son of Mrs. H. Moore. James Manown died May 
21, 1873, liis wife having preceded him to the 
grave in 1860. They were the parents of the fol 
lowing named children: Eliza (Mrs. Asher Van 
Kirk), Franklin, Nancy (Mrs. John Thickield), 
Cassandra (Mrs. Alfred Thickield), James (a phy- 
sician, now of Kingwood, W. Va. , married to a 
Miss Armstrong), Harriet (Mrs. James Moore), 
Sarah, and Letitia S. (Mrs. A. C. Sampson). Mr. 
Manown was an influential Democrat and a con- 
sistent member of the Presbyterian Church. He 
was a remarkably enterprising man, one whose in 
fluence for good was felt in the community, and 
he took a deep interest in educational and relig 
ions matters. For several years he served as a 
justice of the peace. 

f( I' ON. JOHN A. MelLVAINE, president 
| — j judge of the courts of Washington county, 
composing the Twenty- seventh Judicial 
J) -* District of Pennsylvania, was born in Som- 
v erset township, said county, April 13, 1843, 

a son of William and Matilda Mcllvaine. His pa 
ternal grandfather was Greer Mcllvaine, who re- 
moved to Somerset township from the eastern part 
of the State in I7SS or 1789. 

The early education of the subject of this mem- 
oir was obtained in the common schools of his 
township, and September 19, 1860, he entered the 
junior preparatory department of Jefferson College, 
at Canonsburg; but, by doing double duty, and 
being aided by a fine natural ability, he was ad 
mitted to the Freshman class of the college at the 
beginning of the fall term of 1861. Graduating 
in 1865, he was awarded the second honor of 
his class (consisting of thirty-six members), and 
delivered the Latin salutatory on commencement 
day. The class of 1X65 was the last class gradu- 
ated at Jefferson College before its union with 
Washington College, forming thereafter Washing 
ton and Jefferson College, at Washington, Penn. 

Immediately after graduation Mr. Mcllvaine en ' 
tered as a law student with Hon. Boyd Crumrine, 
at Washington, Penn., and was admitted to the 
bar at August term, 1867. For two years after 
his admission he was engaged as a clerk in the 
office of the county treasurer, and then went to 
Kansas, locating at Wichita. While at that place 
he held the office of clerk of the district court for 
one year. In July, 1872, he was called home by 
the illness of his father, and, a favorable opportu 
nitv offering, he soon afterward opened a law 
office in Washington, Penn. During the years 
1872 and 1873 he served as secretary of the 
Republican County Vigilance Committee. Becom 
ing a candidate himself, in 1874 he was elected 
district attorney for Washington county for the 
usual term of three years, and at the end of this 
term was re-elected for a second term. Upon re- 
tiring from that office, at the end of his six years' 
continuous service, he received most favorable 
commendation from the public press for the man 
ner in which he had discharged the duties of his 
office. One of the leading papers of his county, 
of opposite politics, said of him: " Mr. Mcllvaine 
has been the chosen officer to represent the people 
in all criminal prosecutions in this county for the 
past six years, and we but echo the sentiment of 
all conversant with the facts when we say that he 
has discharged the trust with great ability and 
fairness. He is a hard worker, and always had a 
knowledge of the facts, and wab fully prepared 
to present them in a methodical and convincing 
way. Although a vigorous prosecutor, he was 
fair; and no defendant had just cause to complain 
of any undue advantage having been taken of 

During his term of office as district attorney, 
Mr. Mcllvaine formed a partnership in professional 
business with Mr. M. L. A. McCracken, and the 
legal business of the firm became large and lucra- 
tive. This partnership continued until 1886, when 
on November 4, of that year, Mr. Mcllvaine was 
elected president judge of the Twenty-seventh 
Judicial District, for a term of ten years. On 

: <z. 



account of the development of his native county in 
the production of oil and natural j;h>, his term of 
office as judge, up to the date of this writing, has 
h;id a large and varied increase in the amount and 
character of the legal business to be transacted; 
but it is the opinion common to all that the Judge 
has been equal to the demand made upon his 
ability and strength, and not only has the business 
beeu promptly transacted, but transacted in such 
a way as to be very satisfactory to both lawyers 
and clients. The cases in which his rulings and 
decisions have been reversed in the supreme courl 
have been comparatively few in number. 

On December 17. 1874, Judge Mcllvaine mar- 
ried .Miss Ada C.Shaw, of Philadelphia. He served 
in the National Guard of Pennsylvania, as adjutant 
of the Tenth Regiment for two years. He is a 
ruling elder in the Second Presbyterian Church. 
He has a beautiful and pleasant home in East 
Washington, with every comfort and convenience 
for himself and wife, about him, save one the 
presence of children. He is free from all osten 
tatious pride, is genial and affable in his manner. 
and is always ready to bestow a favor, to speak a 
pleasant word, and to do a kind act. 

yiTTENHOUSE ('KISS was born Septem 
ber 17, 1817. He was a son of Jacob 
Griss, whose father, John Criss, emigrated 
from Germany and settled on a tract of 
land containing 319 acres called " I lei nut 
age," situated on Harmon's creek, in Washington 
Co.. Penn., at what is now Hanliu Station, which 
became his permanent home. He had a family of 
sis sons: William, Jacob, Henry. John; Nicholas. 
aid George, also a daughter Sarah, who became 
the wife of Samuel Wright. The father of these 
passed away at an advanced age. He was one of 
the first pioneers, and a highly respected citizen. 
He was buried in the Bethel M. E. Churchyard. 

Jacob Criss, son of John, was born May 15, 
1778, and on November 25, 1799, was married to 
Hannah Rittenhouse, who was born April 6, 17S1. 
Thirteen children were born to this union, all of 
whom (except one) grew to manhood and woman 
hood and married. Eight of these children were 
sons and five daughters. After his marriage Mr. 
Criss bought and settled on a part of the home 
farm which his father had owned. This farm is 
now owned by the heirs of his son, Rittenhouse 
Criss He died in 1845 aged about sixty-eight years, 
and was buried beside his wife in the Bethel grave- 
yard. Of the thirteen children of Jacob Criss, 
but one is living at the date of this writing, Febru- 
ary, 1893, the youngest son, Mr. Jacob Criss, of 
Colliers, W. Va. , aged about seventy-three. 

Rittenhouse Criss, seventh son of Jacob and 
Hannah (Rittenhouse) Criss, was born on the home 

farm, and passed his youth in agricultural pur 
suits. In L844 he was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Fink, who became the mother of four chil- 
dren, two sons and two daughters. In 1853 the 
mother and three youngest children were strick- 
en down with typhoid dysentery and died. 
The eldest and only remaining child grew to woman 
hood, and married John 1>. Robison. Shediedtwo 
years afterward, aged nineteen years. Mr. Criss 
afterward married Miss Eliza J. Stewart (a cousin 
of his tirst wife), by whom he had eight children, 
namel\ : Stewart W., Elmore R., both of Colliers, 
W. Va.;Charles I. . of Pittsburgh, Penn.; Robert 
W . of Colliers, and Nicholas R.. Mary M.. Anna 
R. and Hallie B., who reside with their mother 
on the home farm. The father was long a mem 
ber of the Methodisl Protestant Church of Elders 
ville. He died suddenly of heart trouble, Decem- 
ber I. 1882, in the sixty tifth year of his age, and 
was buried in the Eldersville cemetery. Mr. diss 
always lived on the farm on which he was born. 

Eliza J. Criss, widow of Rittenhouse Criss. was 
born in Brooke county, W Va., August Id. 1835. 
She was a daughter of Robert Stewart, whose 
father. Samuel Stewart, emigrated from Scotland 
and located on Robison's run, Washington Co., 
Penn., and there was united in marriage to Eliza- 
beth McCarty, a lady of Irish ai stry. Of the 

children born to them six lived to mat mat v. namely : 
Charles. George, John, Robert, Sarah and Mary, 
all now deceased, leaving numerous descendants 
scattered through different parts of Ohio and 
Pennsylvania. Robert Stewart was born Septem 
ber 111, 1810, and received his education in the 
common schools which he improved 1>_\ a course of 
general reading. He was married to Miss Margaret 
Wilson, a resident of Washington county, born in 
November, 1812. Of the eight children born to 
them, seven are living, Mrs. Criss being the eld 
est. Robert Stewart died in September, 1876, 
his wife in 1855. 


I M( RS. AGNES MILLER. Of the eminent 

\/| families in Washington county the name 

•i I of Miller has for many years represented 

a race noted for patriotism, energy and 


In 1784 or 17S5 James Miller emigrated from 
his home in County Tyrone. Ireland, to Chester 
county, Penn. A few years later he removed to 
Washington county, then a wilderness, and took 
out patents for over one thousand acres of land, 
embracing that now owned by his descendants — 
John, James and Andrew Miller, of Mt. Pleasant 
and Chartiers townships. In 1811 Thomas Mil- 
ler followed his brother to this country, bringing 
with him his family, consisting of his wife, Mar 
garet. and their children — two sous, three daugh- 



ters aud one daughter-in-law, viz. : Thomas, An 
drew (married), Margaret (who married a cousin, 
John Miller), Sarah (married to Thomas, a brother 
of John Miller), and Mary, who remained unmar- 
ried. In March, 1812, Thomas Miller bought the 
tract of land named in its patent " Peace and 

This farm, which became the Miller homestead, 
was inherited by Thomas Miller, Jr., who was in 
his twenty fourth year when he came to America. 
He married, after coining to America, his cousin, 
Margaret Miller, who died within a year. His 
second wife was Elizabeth Brown, who died, leav 
ing him one daughter, Margaret (now Mrs. James 
K. Hamilton, of Brownstown, Ind.). His third 
choice was Catherine Shaw, who came to this 
country with her family in 1818 from County 
Donegal. Ireland. She bore him seven children: 
Thomas, Elizabeth, Sarah and Jane (twins), Mary 
(who married Rev. I. N. White, of Fairview, Ohio), 
Catherine and John Monteith. All are now de 
ceased, except Elizabeth, who now lives in Avalon, 
Allegheny Co., Penu. (She had been a most de 
voted daughter to her parents in their old age.) 
Thomas Miller devoted himself to farming and 
sliccp raising, making a signal success in that 
business. He was a devoted Freemason, and in 
politics was a Democrat, stumping the county for 
Polk's election. He was a member of the old 
Seceder Church, in Mount Pleasant township. 
He died December 23, 1877, in his ninety-second 
year. He divided his estate among his children. 

John M. Miller was born March 18, 1842. At 
the age of fourteen years he was sent to Elder's 
Kidge Academy, then to Jefferson College, Canons- 
burg, from which he was graduated in 1801. He 
then entered his name as a law student in Phila- 
delphia, but was obliged to return home and take 
charge of the old homestead. On September 13, 
1866, he was married to Miss Agnes White, daugh- 
ter of W. S. White, now of Canonsburg. Of 
their children, five — three sons and two daughters 
— are living. 

Mr. Miller's prosperous career as a farmer is 
well known among his fellow-Pennsylvanians, 
among whom his position as a prominent stock 
raiser was well established. He enjoyed a national 
reputation as a breeder of North Devon cattle. 
At the time of bis death he was president of the 
American Devon Cattle Club; vice president of 
the Spanish Merino Sheep Breeders' Association; a 
member of the State Board of Agriculture, and a 
member of the Western Pennsylvania Agricultural 
Association. He was a farmer who loved his voca 
tion and his home, improving not only the land 
but the stock buildings and methods of farming. 
In other business pursuits he. was equally success- 
ful, his enterprising spirit prompting him to look 
beyond the immediate profit of a transaction, and 

to estimate the general advantages to be obtained 
therefrom. He was a man of the strictest integ- 
rity, doing business only upon an honorable basis, 
which fact, combined with his ability and good 
judgment, brought him deserved success and made 
him a recognized authority in business matters. 
Politically, he was a Democrat, but, though inter- 
ested in public questions, was averse to political 
preferment. He served for many years as justice 
of the peace, and in other township offices. He 
was deeply interested in the public schools, spend- 
ing much of his time in planning for their im- 

On the morning of May 14, 1888, he was 
stricken with apoplexy, and at one o'clock of the 
same day he passed away, seemingly without any 
pain. Mr. Miller was possessed of a tine appear 
ance and of a hearty, genial manner, which, with 
his generous disposition, won him friends innumer- 
able. His heart and hand were ever open to the 
cry of suffering, and, his sympathies aroused, he 
gave with a liberality not warranted by his re- 
sources. In brief, when he was laid to rest, the 
entire community, no less than his kindred and 
intimate friends, mourned the loss of a public 
benefactor, a true Christian and an upright, honor- 
able business man. 

Mrs. Miller still retains the old farm in Mount 
Pleasant township, but in September, 1890, came 
to her present home in Washington borough, in 
order to give her children better educational ad- 

JIOHN AIKEN. Joseph Aiken, the grand 
father of the subject of this sketch, came to 
) this country from Coleraine, County London- 
derry, Ireland, near the beginning of the 
present century. He was a Scotch-Irish Presby- 
terian, his ancestry having been driven over from 
Scotland at the time of the persecution. 

Four brothers came, first stopping in Adams 
county, Penn. ; then one settled and died in Law 
reoce county, Penn., another removed to Harrison 
county, Ohio, aud two remained in Washington 
county, Penn., one in the northern part and Joseph 
in Canton township. The one last named was a 
linen weaver. He died in 1843, and was buried in 
North Buffalo churchyard. He had ten children, 
of whom William was the eighth. William learned 
the tailor's trade with Charles Hawkins in Wash 
ington, Penn., whom he served as an apprentice 
from the age of fourteen until he was twenty-one. 
He started in business first at West Liberty, W. 
Va., but soon moved to Short creek, Jefferson 
county, Ohio, where he remained many years. He 
is still living in a warm, heartsome old age, on his 
farm at Coolville, Ohio. He first married Nancy 
Daugherty — the eldest of twenty-one children — at 

Washington coi \ n 

23 1 

West Middletown, Peun., in 1843; and several 
years after her death became the husband of Blag 
gie Stollar, whose father belonged to the family of 
that name in West Finley township, in this county. 
John Aiken, the eldest of twelve children of 
William, was born in West Liberty, W. Va.. Feb 
man 7. 1^11 When he was a few weeks old the 
family moved to McKee's Factory, Jefferson couu 
ty, Ohio. After he attained sufficient age he 
worked at farming during the summer and attend 
ed school in the winter, until August, 1 862, when, 
at the age of eighteen, he enlisted in the Union 
Army, in Company D, One Hundred and Twenty 
Sixth O. V. I. During the first nine months he 
served at Cumberland, Md. ,and Martinsburg, W. 
Va., when the regiment became a par! of the Third 
Corps, Army of the Potomac, and later of the Sixth 
Corps. He served as private, corporal and ser- 
geant. On September IS. 1864, when he was aerv 
ing in this regiment under Gen. Sheridan in the 
Shenandoah Valley, he received from the War De 
partment a commission as first Lieutenant in the 
Twenty Ninth U. S. C. T., with an order to report 
for duty in the Army of the Potomac. He re- 
mained, however, with the old regimen! f<>r sev- 
eral days, ami participated in the battles of < >pequan, 
September L9; Flint Hill. September 21; and 
Fisher's Hill, September 22. On September 28, 
le- started to join his new regiment, into which he 
was mustered October 10, 1864, at Poplar Grove 
Church, Virginia. This regiment then formed a 
part of the Fourth division of the Ninth Corps. It 
was afterward transferred to the Twenty-fifth 
(!orps, in the Army of the James, in front of Rich 
mond. Ten days after he was mustered in, he was 
placed in charge of and was the only officer in the 
company. From that time until he was mustered 
out in December, 1805, excepting a few days, he 
was in command of a company in this regiment 
In the early part of 1865 he passed the requisite 
examination, and was recommended for promotion 
to a captaincy. He was informed that the com- 
mission was ordered, but as it was so near the 
close of the war he never received it, and, conse- 
quently, was not mustered. He was in the cam- 
paign that ended in, aud was present at, General 
Lee's surrender. He was in twelve battles and 
many skirmishes, but was never wounded. In 
January, 1806, Mr. Aiken became a student in 
Washington aud Jefferson College, and remained 
there two years; at the end of which time he began 
the study of law with Alexander Wilson, of Wash- 
ington, Penn., and was admitted to the bar there, 
December 13, 1809, since which time he has de- 
voted himself exclusively to the practice of his 
profession. He was elected a ruling elder in the 
First Presbyterian Church in Washington in Feb- 
ruary, 1883, and was commissioner to the General 

Assembly of the Presbyterian Church at Omaha, 
Neb., in I'sST, serving as a member of the judicial 
committee of that body. The chief glory of his 
civil life, however, is in the relation of teacher in 
the Sabbath-school of the First Presbyterian 
Church since March. 1866, and from 187-1 of the 
Students' Bible class, whose average annual en- 
rollment has been about fifty. Over one hundred 
and twenty-live representatives of this elass have 
gone into the Christian ministry He is a director 
of the Washington Refining Company, also of the 
Washington Fire Insurance Compauy, the first 
National Bank of Washington, and a member of 
the Board of Trustees of Washington and .letter 
son College. 

The subject of this memoir was married to Jen- 
nie Blaine in December, 1869, in Fast Bethlehem 
township, Washington county, and from this union 
there have come live children: Mary, attending 
ih.' Western Female Seminary at Oxford, Ohio; 
Blaine, a student at Washington and Jefferson 
College; Rose, also at the Western Female Semi 
nary, at Oxford, Ohio; and Ella and John, in the 
Union School of Washington. Mrs. Aiken's fa 
ther, Matthew Blaine, lives al Beallsville, Penn. 
His father, Leonard Blaine, was one of the old 
lime Scotch Irish "School Master-.." He did good 

serv ce in i he line of his profession tor man\ years 

in the eastern end of this countv. 

\ILLIAM 1IOSACK PAXTON, of the firm 
of Paxton Brothers, a highly respected 
citizen of Canonsburg, is a descendant of 
one of the oldest families in Washington 
county. Penn. 

John Paxton, grandfather of subject, was a na 
tive of York county, and came to Washington 
county in 1782. He married Martha Paxton, also 
a native of York, who, when a child, crossed the 
mountains on horseback, in comine; to Washington 
county. After their marriage, Mr and Mrs. Pax 
ton settled in Chartiers township, where they died. 
The children born of their union were: Thomas 
(who married Miss Jane Mills), Eliza (who mar 
ried John Nesbit, and lived on a farm in Chartiers 
township, where she and her husband died; they 
had no children), Isaac, Samuel (who married Miss 
Harsha, by whom he had two sous and one daugh- 
ter) and John. 

John Paxton, father of subject, was born in Can- 
ton township, September 10, 1810. He worked on 
his father's farm until about sixteen years of age, 
and then went to Washington, Penn., where he 
learned the saddle and harness trade, which he fol- 
lowed exclusively until 1850, when, in partnership 
with Matthew Wilson, he engaged in butchering 



and stock dealing. He was a man of more than 
ordinary ability and energy, traits of character that 
manifested themselves at an early date. When a 
small boy, he, in company with a sister, raised a 
crop of oats, threshed them with a Mail, and carried 
them on horseback to Washington, where they sold 
them. Money was scarce in those days and strict 
economy was practiced, one pair of shoes being 
made to last a year. Mr. Paxton married Mrs. 
Elizabeth (Wilson) Power, a widow, and daughter 
of Henry and Jane (Dill) Wilson. By her first 
marriage Mrs. Power had two daughters, Margaret 
and Anna Power. Margaret Power married Thomas 
Bell. He went to California in 1852, during the 
gold fever, and died there in 1855. To this union 
was born one daughter, Anna. Mrs. Bell, after 
her husband's death, lived with her stepfather's 
family until her death, which occurred June 6, 

1889. Anna Power married David Hart, and they 
made their home with William and Oliver L. Pax- 
tun, in Canonsburg. 

Henry and Jane (Dill) Wilson, parents of Mrs. 
Johu Paxton, lived on a farm in South Strabane 
township. They were members of the Presbyterian 
Church. Four sous and two daughters were born 
to them, viz. : Dill (a farmer by occupation, who 
married but had no children), Matthew (who 
learned the saddle and harness trade with his 
brother-in-law, John Paxton), Thomas (who grad- 
uated from Jefferson College, studied for the min 
istry, graduated in theology, became a Presbyterian 
minister, and married Miss Margaret Sanders, of 
Baltimore, and by her had two sons, Morris and 
Calvin D., both of whom are Presbyterian minis- 
ters), Samuel J. ( who graduated from Washington 
College and at Allegheny Theological Seminary, 
and was for many years, and at the time of his 
death, professor of theology in Allegheny Theolog- 
ical Seminary; he had one son and two daughters, 
viz.: Robert D., a lawyer in Allegheny county,, 
unmarried; Catherine and Jane, both of whom are 
married), Jane (who married Louis Guthrie a 
tailor of Moundsville, W. Va. ), and Elizabeth (who 
was first married to Mr. Power and afterward to 
John Paxton). 

Mr. and Mrs. John Paxton were members of the 
Presbyterian Church. He died December 24, 

1890, at the age of eighty-one. Mrs. Paxton was 
born December 10, 1809, and died October 29, 
1858. Their marriage was blessed with seven 
sons and two daughters, a brief history of whom 
follows: (1) Wilson N. Paxton graduated from 
Jefferson College in 1856, went South as a teacher, 
and after returning to Canonsburg, Penn., read 
law. He was admitted to the liar of Allegheny 
county, and practiced his profession in Pittsburgh. 
In 1862 he enlisted in Company G, One Hundred 
and Fortieth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and served 

three years as second lieutenant. He was taken 
prisoner at Gettysburg on the second day of the 
tight, carried to Libby Prison, and remained there 
and at other prisons twenty months. He was 
promoted to the captaincy of his company, and is 
now in the pension office at Washington, D. C. 
He married Miss Emily J. Newkirk, but has no 
children. (2) Thomas Paxton is engaged in the 
butcher aud cattle business. He enlisted in Com- 
pany D, Tenth Kegimeut, P. R. V. C. Reserves, in 
April, 1861, and was killed at Spottsylvania, May 
9, 1NI>4, being shot through the bowels while do- 
ing picket duty. He was never married. (3) Mar- 
tha Jane Paxton died January 24, 1890, unmar 
ried. (4) John R. Paxton graduated from Jeffer 
son College with honors. At the time of the com 
mencement of the Civil war, in 1861, ho was in 
the junior class at college. He enlisted in Com- 
pany G, One Hundred and Fortieth Pennsylvania 
Volunteers; Captain Frazier, of this company, was 
professor in Jefferson College. At the close of the 
war Mr. Paxton came home and re-entered Jeffer- 
son College, where he graduated. He then entered 
the Western Theological Seminary at Allegheny, 
graduated there, and alno at Princeton Theological 
Seminary. He married Miss Mary L. Lindsay, of 
Allegheny. His first charge was Churchville, 
Maryland, from there to Harrisburg, and then to 
Washington, D. C. He is now minister of the 
West Presbyterian Church, New York City. His 
marriage was blessed by four children, of whom 
one son and one daughter are now living. (5) 
William Hosack, subject of our sketch. (6) Oliver 
L. Paxton, who was born March 23, 1848, and 
educated in the common schools. He is engaged 
in buying and shipping stock, in partnership with 
his brother, William Hosack. (7) Mary E. Paxton 
married Rev. W. F. Conner, a Methodist minister, 
of Johnstown, Penn. To them have been born 
two daughters, Mabel and Bessie. (8) Matthew H. 
Paxton was born in 1854. He entered Jefferson 
Academy, and completed his education at La Fay- 
ette, Penn. He was appointed assistant pay- 
master of the Government under Maj. Keefer, and 
traveled over the Northwest and Southwest. He 
was married in Walla Walla, Wash., and was 
stationed for a time in Newport, Ky., but dislik- 
ing to travel, he resigned his position as assistant 
paymaster, and located in Walla Walla, where lie 
has been elected county assessor and appraiser 
three times, and where he owns land and is en- 
gaged in the real-estate business. 

William Hosack Paxton, the subject of this 
biographical sketch, was born March 9, 1846, in 
Canonsburg. Politically, he is a Republican. 
Mr. Paxton ranks among the prominent business 
men of Canonsburg, and is highly respected both 
in social and commercial circles. 



, EV. GEORGE McDONALD, the hading 
character in this sketch, was horn February 


\ 25, 1825, in Donegal township. Washing- 
J] ton Co., Penn., near West Alexander. 

v George McDonald, his grandfather, was 

a native of Scotland, from either Rosshire or 
Sutherlandshire, and related to Flora McDonald, 
the heroine of two dynasties and two continents. 
| Flora McDonald in her youth saved the life of 
the last of t lie Stewarts. She afterward emigrated 
to North Carolina. Her husband and son being 
made officers of the Highland Regiment raised for 
the defense of their King, she gave her five sons 
and sun in-law for thecause, accompanied them to 
camp, and encouraged them to tight for their 
King. | George McDonald's ancestors were the 
Lords of the Isles off the west of Sent land for cent- 
uries before these islands became subject to the 
king of Scotland. Grandfather McDonald was 
twice married: first to Miss Gordon, and they had 
one sou William. After the death of his tirst 
wife, he married Barbara McDonald, the result of 
which marriage was two sons. John and George. 
He (grandfather) immigrated to America in t he- 
good ship "Janet," in 1773, and located on the 
Potomac mar Mount Vernon. After the close 
iif the war for Independence, he with his family 
crossed the Alleghanies, and purchased a farm on 
Chartiers creek, near the present county home. 
Here his son John was born. There he remained 
from 1780 to 1792, when he purchased and moved 
to a farm in East Finley township, south of Clays 
ville, where he passed the remaining years of his 
life. He was a most devotedly pious man, and act 
ive in the building up of the church in his region. 
A Presbyterian of the regular Scotch type, and 
among the founders of the Presbyterian Church of 
West Alexander, he never let worldly affairs inter- 
fere with his religious duties. Not only was he 
punctual in attendance on the means of grace, 
but watchful for the peace and prosperity of Zion. 
He was known as the "Scotch singer," and often 
led the people in the service of song. He died 
November 25, 1811, and was laid to rest beside his 
wife, who had preceded him. in the church burial 
ground at West Alexander. 

John McDonald, son of George, was born in 
1788, in Chartiers township, Washington Co., 
Penn., but in early life went with his parents to 
their new home in East Finley township. In his 
early manhood he married Margaret Byers, of the 
same county, daughter of Thomas and Margaret j 
(Shannon) Byers, the former of whom was a son of , 
Samuel Byers, who was born in Chester county, 
Penn. , where the connection had resided for | 
generations. Samuel was there married to Jane 
White, and their children were: William (who set- 
tied near Maysville, Ky.), Samuel, James, Thomas 
Ebenezer (of Mercer county), Andrew, Nancy and 

Rachel. Samuel Byers, Sr. , came west from 
Chester county in 1777, and located on a farm 
near Canonsburg. He was a stanch Presbyterian 
and did good work in planting the church in that 
region. Thomas, the son, with his wife was most 
courageous in battling with danger in their new- 
home in East Finley, because of the attacks of 
Indians. The following are the names of their 
children: John, a physician; Sarah, wife of Adam 
W'ylie. M. D. ; Thomas, a farmer, married to Mar- 
garet Hamilton; Jane, wife of David Stewart, 
Margaret, wife of John McDonald; Anne, wife of 
Andrew Yates; James, a fanner, married to Mary 
Stevenson; Nancy, wife of John Brice, a farmer. 
Rachel, wife of Hugh Wilson, a merchant; Samuel. 
a farmer, married to Anne Wilson, and William, 
also a farmer, married to Rebecca McCurdy, and 
then to Miss Thorn. One sou and rive sons-in- 
law were ruling elders in the Presbyterian Church. 
Thomas Byers was a vigorous farmer and a prom 

inent business man. He was a bright exam] f 

Christian piety, In 1813 he was installed an 
elder in the Presbyterian Church of Wes) Alex 
ander, which office he tilled with great acceptance, 
being called the peacemaker of the Session. 

John McDonald after marriage remained four 
years on the old home farm in East Finley town 
ship. At that time he purchased a farm in Don- 
egal township, south of West Alexander, where he 
passed the remaining years of his life. The fol- 
lowing are the names of their children: Thomas 
(deceased), Barbara (wife of Thomas Frazier, 
Esq.), Mary S.. Eliza J., George, John McO, 
Thomas, William and Rachel M. , all three de- 
ceased. Mr. McDonald was always in keeping 
with the advance of the age, and being a friend of 
liberal education, gave all his children favorable 
opportunities for mental culture in the academy at 
West Alexander. He often tilled offices of trust in 
the community. After the death of his wife in 
May, 1887, he moved to West Alexander, remain 
ing there till his death, December 11, 1868. But 
his example in the ohnrch shone most conspicuous. 
He made profession of his faith in early life. In 
1828 he was elected an elder, and about the same 
time Sabbath school superintendent, both of which 
offices he filled forty years. Of him his last pastor 
(Rev. W\ H. Lester, Sr.. D. D.) writes: "He was 
a wise counselor and a man in whom the pastor 
could safely confide; warm-hearted and true in his 
devotiou to the church; a faithful student of the 
Word of God, and prompt in the discharge of 
Christian duty, he will long be remembered by the 
people as a truly devoted and pious man. His 
Godly life was au ornament to religion. His most 
special gift was prayer. He loved the Savior and 
the church; but in prayer he excelled. He would 
take the congregation in the arms of his faith, and 
lay them down at the mercy seat for a blessing. 



His words were so plain and Scriptural; his tones so 
simple, childlike and tender, it could only have 
been the Spirit making intercession. Deeply 
moved himself, he deeply moved others. He was 
pre-eminently a man of prayer. He gave his ouly 
two surviving sous to the ministry." 

Of each of the sons the following is a brief rec- 
ord: Each (of the sons) labored on the farm with 
their father till entering their life work, as oppor- 
tunity afforded, he being a vigorous farmer. They 
both were educated in the West Alexander (Penn. ) 
Academy, in the branches belonging to the college 
course, and each labored with their father on the 
farm. Rev. George McDonald, after having com- 
pleted the classical course pursued in college, at 
West Alexander Academy, engaged for some years 
in teaching in the public schools, and afterward 
taught two and a half years in the academy of 
West Alexander. During this period he coin 
menced the study of theology under Dr. John 
McCluskey, his pastor, and completed the course of 
study under Rev. William H. Lester, D. D., Dr. 
McCluskey' s successor. In April. 1S57, he was 
licensed to preach the Gospel by the Presbytery 
of Washington. Soon after licensure he received 
a call to the Presbyterian Church of Beallsville, 
Ohio, where he continued to labor more than 
twenty -five years, giving a portion of his time to 
the churches of Woodsfield and Powhatan, Ohio. 
In the winter of 1883, he received and accepted a 
call to the church of Upper Ten Mile, Prosperity, 
Penn., and continued his labors till May 20, 1890. 
Since his resignation of the pastorate at Ten Mile 
he resides at West Alexander, and is interested in 
evangelistic work, not feeling sufficiently vigorous 
to assume the full responsibility of the pastoral 
work. Mr. McDonald was married, May 20, 1858, 
to Martha S. Blayney, of West Virginia. The 
following is a brief account of their children: 
Naunie Maggie is the wife of Elmer Ellsworth 
Miller, a merchant of Beallsville, Ohio (she grad- 
uated from Steubenville Female Seminary in 1879); 
John M. , a physician, was a studeut of Washing- 
ton and Jefferson (Penn.) College (afterward he 
attended Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, 
and graduated in April, 1885; he is married to 
Ada C. Baker, of Barnesville, Ohio, and they now 
reside in Columbus, Ohio; he is a Presbyterian and 
a Republican); Rev. Charles H. graduated from 
Washington and Jefferson College in the class of 
1886 (the same year he entered Union Theological 
Seminary (N. Y.), from which he graduated in 
1889, was licensed and ordained in 1889, and 
went under commission of the Board of Home 
Missions to Alexandria, S. Dak., where he labored 
two years. Early in 1892 he received and ac 
cepted a call to the pastorate of the First Congre- 
gational Church of Woodbridge. N. J. He was 
married November 24. 1892, to Mary M. Bell, only 

daughter of James R. and Mary C. Bell, of West 
Alexander); Mary Elizabeth, the youngest, has at- 
tended the Washington Female Seminary (she is 
still at home with her parents, and is giving con- 
siderable attention to music). Like the parents 
the children all take great delight in music, and 
are bles-sed with great power of voice. Mr. Mc- 
Donald being an instructor of music, led the choir 
of the old home church for several years. 

Of him another friend (Rev. W. H. Lester, Sr. i 
writes: "Mr. McDonald's ministry was marked 
by faithfulness in labors, and witnessed precious 
ingatherings. Thoroughly evangelical in spirit, 
and Biblical in his pulpit ministrations, his aim 
has been the conversion of souls and the building 
up of Christians in the faith. He has also beeu 
a self-sacrificing and faithful pastor, thus making 
full proof of his ministry. Seldom was his seat 
vacant in the church courts. In each of the con- 
gregations to which he ministered, he left the testi- 
monials of a truly devoted minister of the Gospel." 
And yet another friend thus says of him: "Rev. 
George McDonald inherited (as did also his wife) 
the sturdy character of their Scotch and Scotch - 
Irish ancestry, and in early life received careful 
religious training. At the age of twenty-one he 
m :de profession of his faith in Christ. At nine- 
teen years of age he entered on his classical course 
in West Alexander Academy, and after completing 
the full course of study, he was for some time 
actively engaged in the public school department; 
later was for two years and a half a teacher in the 
West Alexander Academy. In 1853 he commenced 
the study of theology under Rev. John McCluskey, 
D. D., licensed by the Presbytery of Washington in 
1857, and was ordained by the Presbytery of St. 
Clairsville in April, 1800. Soon after licensure he 
took charge of the congregation of Beallsville, 
Ohio, of which he was the installed pastor tdl 
April, 1883, giving for most of that period a por- 
tion of his time to the congregations of Woodsfield 
and Powhatan as stated supply. In 1883 he was 
called to the church of Upper Ten Mile, Penn., 
where he labored more than seven years. He now 
resides in West Alexander, his native place, with 
his noble wife, who has always been a source of 
strength and comfort to him in his work. They 
were both fine singers, and led the choir of West 
Alexander Presbyterian Church for a number of 
years. Their musical talent was valuable to them, 
especially in the Sabbath-school, where they were 
always prominent and active, he as superintendent 
and Bible teacher, and she in charge of the infant 
department, until the loss of her hearing compelled 
her in later years to give up the work she so dearly 
loved. She had peculiar tact for winning and 
interesting little ones, and was never more at home 
than when surrounded by her little flock. Her mem- 
ory will always be green in the hearts of the many she 



hail taught, who will see her no more in this world. 
Her faithful Bowing will cause many, besides her 
children, to rise up and call her blessed. Mr. 
McDonald was accustomed to instruct, free, the 
Sabbath-school and any others who ^wished, in 
music, and thus was instrumental in having ex- 
ceptionally good singing in the school. He was also 
very successful in training for special exercises, and 
had much executive ability. Always deliberate 
being lirm in his convictions and of unalterable 
purpose, with careful outlook, he seldom failed 
to accomplish what he undertook. 

"His ministry was. richly blessed with signals of 
Divine approval, by several revivals occurring 
under his pastorate. The influence of his preach 
ing and example was for righteousness, in build 
ing up a moral, God-fearing and Sabbath-loving 
people. Several ministers have gone out from 
under his pastorate. His labors, particularly in 
his first field, were arduous and exposing, but 
were performed cheerfully in honor of Him whom 
he served. The seed thus faithfully sown will 
bring forth fruit to be gathered by other reapers. 
He still takes delight in Evangelistic work, and re 
joices in any opportunity to do service for the 
Master. He has been a faithful and unobtrusive 
minister of Christ, and is regarded universally, by 
those who know him, with marked esteem aud love." 

Rev. John McClusky McDonald, after complet 
ing his academic studies, entered the Northwestern 
Seminary of Chicago, 111. (now the McCormick 
Theological Seminary), from which he graduated 
in April, 18(36; was licensed April 18, 1865, by the 
Presbytery of Chicago; was ordained at Beaver 
Dam by the Presbytery of Winnebago. June 27, 
1866. He has been a home missionary; labored 
at Winneconne (Wis.), Algona (Iowa), Waynesville 
(111.), Carleton, Belvidere, Hubbell and Hopewell 
Church (Neb.), and Ulysses and other points in 
Kansas, the last named being his present field of 
labor. He has been faithful in sowing the seed, 
and been cheered by the ingatheriug of precious 
fruit. Mr. McDonald was married April 25, 1871, 
to Janet Percy, of Ogdensburg, N. Y. , and t|^ey 
have been blessed with six children: George 
Arthur, Kenneth Percy, Gilmer Byers, Raymond 
April, Rossmond May, and J. McClusky (the last 
named being deceased). Mr. McDonald takes a 
deep interest in public affairs. In politics he is a 
Republican, and, like Scotch-Irish generally, he 
could be nothing else but a Presbyterian. 

ffULIUS P. MILLER, attorney at law, Wash- 
ington, is a native of the county, having 
rjj been born May 22, 1839, in Hopewell town- 
^^ ship, and is descended from a stalwart North 
of-Ireland family. 
His paternal great-grandmother, then a widow 

with sixteen sons, came from the shores of Erin to 
those of Columbia, and established a new home in 
Washington county. Penu., where she died. One 
of the sons. Patrick Miller, bought, in 1810, the 
first piece of land in Hopewell township, where he 
carried on farming the remainder of his life, dying 
in 1830. He was the first superintendent of the 
Upper Buffalo Presbyterian Sabbath school. He 
was married to Margaret Templeton, and they had 
children as follows: Thomas, of whom mention 
is made further on; Margaret, wife of Col. Mc 
Xulty; Hannah, married to James Montford, of 
Washington county, which family is extinct (James 
Montford. son of .lames and Hannah, was captain 
of the company in which our subject served during 
the Civil war. and afterward he was appointed 
assistant assessor of Internal Revenue): Eliza. 
married to Rev. James Marquis; Mary, who never 
married, and Matthew all deceased. 

Thomas Miller, on leaving school, attended 
Washington College and Indiana University, 
graduating from the latter institution in 1831, 
when he went to Lexington. Kv . where he taught 
school for a time, and then moved to Missouri, 
having been persuaded to proceed thither by a 
prominent Missourian, James S. Rollins, who had 
been a fellow-student of his at both the college and 
university. Here Mr. Miller founded a school 
which afterward developed into the University of 
Missouri, at Columbia, Mo. On account of im- 
paired health he set out on a trip to Mexico, but 
died on the Plains, and was buried in New Mexico, 
at Round Mound. 

Matthew Miller, father of our subject, was a 
farmer by occupation, and in 1838 was mariied to 
Mary McNulty, by whom he had two children. 
Julius P., and a daughter that died in infancy. In 
1843 the father died at the age of thirty years, and 
the mother married again, the result of this second 
union being three children; she died March 23, 
1890, aged seventy-six years, and is buried in 
Washington cemetery. 

Julius P. Miller was but four years old when 
his father was called from earth, aud in the follow- 
ing year (1844) he was taken to West Middletown, 
where he attended thecommon schools, subsequent- 
ly takiQg a course at an academy in West Virginia. 
In the fall of 1801 he enlisted in Company A, One 
Hundredth P. V. I., serving three years, chiefly 
with the Ninth Army Corps. In 1870 he was ap- 
pointed deputy collector of Internal Revenue, for 
Washington county, serving until 1872, when, at 
the State election, he was elected prothonotary of 
the county, taking the office in January, 1873. He 
was re elected in 1875. During his second term 
in the prothonotary's office, Mr. Miller studied 
law, and in October, 1879, he was admitted to the 
bar, since which time he has been successfully 
practicing his chosen profession in Washington, of 



which city he lias been a resident since 1870. In 
November, 1864, Mr. Miller was united in marriage 
with Miss Harriet Hamilton, daughter of Dr. A. 
C. Hamilton, a practicing physician in the borough 
of West Middletown, and to this union ten chil- 
dren were born, viz. : Horatio H. (cashier of the 
First National Bank of Claysville), Mary Emma. 
Harry M., Julius P Martha S., Charles F., Anna 
B. and Ulysses Grant, all living in the county, and 
two unnamed that died in infancy. In politics 
Mr. Miller is a stanch Republican. 

THOMAS McKEAN, one of the retired sue 
cessful merchants of the borough of Wash- 
ington, is a native of the county, having 
been born September 14, 1820, in Amwell 
township. The first of the family to come 
to Washington county was Robert McKean, father 
of the above, who was born February 12, 1795, in 
County Tyrone, Ireland. In 1815 he came to 
America by way of Canada, landing at Montreal, 
thence proceeding to Washington, this county, 
where he lived until 1820, in which year he moved 
into Amwell township, on a farm, and in 1828 re- 

turned to 

started ou 

cholera while on the way. In 

coming: to Washington county 

Washington borough. In 1832 he 
a trip to Philadelphia, but died of 

1817, soon after 
he married Mrs. 
Mary McClintock, formerly Mrs. McGowan, who 
had several children by her first husband, all now 
deceased. By her second marriage there were 
four children, viz.: Mary, who was a Presbyterian 
missionary to the Creek Indians at Tallahassee, In- 
dian Territory, and died there January 21, 1861; 
Thomas, our subject; Alexander, who died in 
Washington, Penn.. March 27, 1890, and whose 
family are still living here; and Sarah, who died in 
infancy. The mother was called from earth March 
17, 18(57, at the advanced age of eighty-nine years, 
at the time living with her son Thomas. 

Th nnas McKean, of whom this sketch chiefly 
treats, was eight years old when the family came 
to live in the borough of Washington. He re- 
ceived his education partly at the schools of his 
native township, and partly in Washington, and 
learned manufacturing tobacco and cigars, which 
he carried on, wholesale and retail, for forty-five 
years, opening out for his own account September 
25, 1843, and retiring from same in 1888. His 
original stand was the room now occupied as the 
office of the Washington Reporter. At his retire- 
ment he was about the only man in Washington 
who was in business there when he commenced in 
1843. On March 14, 1844, Mr. McKean married 
Fannie Jane, daughter of Samuel Snodgrass, a 
farmer who came from Lancaster county, Penn. , 
at an early date. He died of cholera at West 
Alexander, this county, in 1832, and his wife in 

Washington borough, in 1840. They were the 
parents of three children, as follows: Fannie Jane; 
Mary Margaret, now the widow of John V. Wil- 
son, a carpeuter of Washington, who died July 2. 
1870; and William, who died in March, 1840. 

By the marriage of Thomas and Fannie J. Mc- 
Kean. there were ten children, of whom the follow- 
ing is a brief record: Mary Ellen is married to 
Rev. J. C. McClintock, and lives in Burlington, 
Iowa; John A. is a physician at Washington, this 
county: Maria is the wife of Hon. W. J. Davis, 
of Goshen, Ind. ; William is in Grand Rapids, 
Mich., a traveling salesman for J. V. Farwell & 
Co., of Chicago: James is married to Jennie D. 
Ackelson, and lives at Abilene, Kans. ; George is 
teller in Wells, Fargo & Co. 'shank at San Fran- 
cisco. Cal. ; Annie is the wife of Rev. W. P. White, 
a Presbyterian minister at Germantown, Penn.; 
Elizabeth is the wife of Homer U. Seaman, jewel- 
er, Pittsburgh, Penn.; Thomas C. is clerk in a gents' 
furnishing business, Pittsburgh. Penn., and Ber- 
nard is an insurance agent at No. 135 Broadway. 
New York. 

Mr. McKean is one of the well-known citizens of 
Washington. His place of business and home. No. 
104 and 160 South Main street, was built by him in 
1854. and he has lived on the Square ever since 
coming to the borough. Politically he is a Re- 
publican, and has served as school director six 
years, and secretary during that time. For twen- 
ty seven years he has been a trustee and treasurer 
of the Washington Feinale Semi nary. Forty years 
ago he was a member of the Sons of Temperance, 
and continued so until they disbanded. Since 
1846 he has been a member of the First Presby 
terian Church, of which he was trustee for twelve 
years, and since 1804 has been an elder. For 
forty years he was secretary and treasurer of the 
Sunday school. He has been a director of the 
First National Bank of Washington for more than 
thirty years, and is now the vice president of that 
financial house. Mr. McKean was interested in 
the establishment of a board of health for his bor- 
ough, which prompted him, without compensation, 
to keep a complete record of the deaths in Mash 
ington and vicinity, including names, ages and 
causes of death; commencing June 20, 1850, and 
up to January 1, 1893, a record of 3,240 deaths 
has been made by him. 

STEPHEN L. BLACHLY, M. D., one of the 
oldest and most skillful practitioners in 
Washington county, is descended from a 
long line of distinguished men, eminent in 
the profession; but among this galaxy of brilliant 
medical lights we must look in vain for one whose 
skill in any case surpassed that of his descendant, 
the gentleman of whom we write, who is not only 


u\\siii.\<;ri>\ cor.XTY 


an ornament to the modern school of medicine, but 
a worthy and honored representative of a race of 
experl physicians. 

Dr. Ebenezer (1) Blachly, the first physician in 

the family, was a son of Aaron and Man (Dodd) 
Blachly, and lived in Huntington, Suffolk Co., 
Long Island. His children were: Elizabeth, Eben- 
ezer (2), Joseph, Benjamin and Daniel, of whom 
Ebenezer (2), born in 1709, entered his father's 
profession, and married Hannah Miller, who bore 
him the following children: Francis, Zopher, Eben- 
ezer (3), Miller, Sarah, Cornelius. Mary and Marcy, 
The son Ebenezer (3), born in 1735, was a surgeon 
in the Revolution. He married Mary Wickham, and 
they had twelve children, live of whom were also 
physicians. He died in 1805, and his son Eben 
e/.er ( 1), born in 1760, entered the war of the Rev- 
olution before he had reached the required age, and 
took au active part as surgeon throughout the con- 
flict, after which he married Elizabeth Spencer, 
and reared a family of nine children: Nancy, 
Ebenezer S., Henry W. (fatherof subject i. Mary J., 
Juliana, Bayard P., Eliza, Joseph W. and Oliver; 
with the latter two their mother passed the dec! in 
ing years of her life. 

Dr. Henry Wickham Blachly was born in Pater- 
son, N. J., April 17, 1780. He first studied medi- 
cine with his father, finishing in New York City. 
and finally settled in Washington county. Penn. 
On January 9, 1806, he married Hannah Loveridge, 
who bore him twelve children: Ebenezer S. , a 
graduate of Jefferson Medical College, Philadel- 
phia, who practiced thirty years in Waynesburgb, 
Greene Co , Penn. (he was twice married, first time 
to Martha Hanna, who bore him live children, and 
after her death he married Elizabeth Allison; but 
one of his children grew to maturity — Byard Mil 
ton Blachly, M. D., who practiced for about thirty 
years in W T aynesbuigh. Creene Co., Penn.. where 
his father practiced); Milton Blachly died at the 
age of sixteen; Eveline Blachly married Dr. Will- 
iam B. Porter (they died leaving three children — 
two daughters and one son, John H. Porter, who 
was a physician and died soon after completing his 
medical studies); Maria J. Blachly married Dr. Lu- 
tellus Lindley, of Connellsville, Fayette Co., Penn. 
(she died leaving one son, Dr. Henry B. Lindley, 
of Perrysville, Allegheny Co. , Penn.); Stephen L. 
(subject of sketch); Eliza Blachly married John 
Milton Lindley (he died leaving three children: 
Byard, a banker and lawyer in Winfield. Iowa; Col- 
lin M., a physician in Zollersville, Penn., and 
Sarah); Oliver B. Blachly married Ellen Cracraft, 
by whom he had five children: Byron, Henry, Oli- 
ver, Mary and Howard (his second wife was Ella 
Hunt); Joseph Warrin Blachly was a physician 
who practiced successfully in his native county for 
a number of years (he was married to Eliza Min- 
ton, by whom he had four children: Maria, Ella, 

Joseph Warrin ami Frank, a physician practicing 
at Clarksville, Penn.); Lucilla Caroline Blachly 
married T. N. Day, and their living children are: 
Henry B., Homer (a physician practicing at Avoca, 
Iowa), and Cora L. ; Harriet Newel Blachly mar 
lied Harvey Lindley, and their children are: I [enry 
B. (who married Sarah Van Kirk l. Ann Eliza (mar 
ried to Sal. C'ozad), Oscar. Howard and A. Lincoln; 
Henry W. Blachly, a physician who practiced foi 
many years at Cavett, Ohio, died in 1889 (his wife 
was Caroline Cracraft, and they had two children 
Mary, married to Dr. Emerick, and Henry \\ . . a 
lawyer of Van Wert, Ohio); Hanuah Louisa Blachl) . 
the youngest of the family, never married, and 
lives at Sparta, Penn The father of this famih 
died at the age of sixty two years, having practiced 
medicine forty years in Washington county; the 

mother passed fr< arth in 1SS7, on her ninety 

seventh birthday, and they are buried at Pros 

Stephen L. Blachly, the subject proper of this 
memoir, was horn December 11, 181,"), in Sparta, 
Washington Co.. Penn. He read medicine with 
his father till twent) two years of age, and on ac- 
count of the prevalent T smallpox at that time 

was called upon to begin an active career before 
his preparatory stmh was fully completed. He 
was educated at Washington College, and later re 
ceived his degree from Jefferson Medical College, 
Philadelphia. On January 9, 1810, he was united in 
marriage with Sarah, daughter of Benjamin Lind 
ley. who was of Puritan descent, and to this union 
were born five children, viz. : two died in infancy : 
Mary Minerva, who has been twice married, first 
to Stephen J. Day. and after his decease to S. Mc- 
Vey, of Sparta; Henry Spencer, a druggist in 
Waynesburgh, Greene county, Penn., and Dr. 
Oliver L . in Sparta, who married Anna, daughter 
of Rev. John Sherrard. Mrs. Blachlj died No 
vember25, 18o7. and July 28, 1859, Dr. Blachly 
married Maria, daughter of James and Margaret 
Wade, of Fayette county, Penn. Dr. Blachly has 
resided in the sane- place over fifty years, and 
while engaged in general practice has become a 
skilled surgeon, and has always had an extensive 
practice; he has frequently been president of the 
Washington County Medical Society, of which he 
is one of the oldest members, and is also censor for 
the Eighth District of the State Medical Society of 
Pennsylvania, also a member of the American 
Medical Association, ami the Alumni Association of 
Jefferson Medical College. He has always had a 
very extensive practice, and he retired from active 
life in 1890. Physically he enjoys good health. 
He is about five feet ten inches in height; weighs 
190 pounds; is erect in stature; and has become a 
very strong man by exercise, and care, though he 
was not robust when young. His father was about 
the same height, but weighed 100 pounds. The 



Doctor never used intoxicating liquor; in his youth 
he commenced smoking, but gave it up. He has 
been a member of "Upper Ten Mile" Presbyterian 
Church fifty-eight years, and has been an elder in 
same thirty five years. 

J [AMES HEKRON was born September 18, 
1829, in North Strabane township, this 
| comity, and is a son of Joseph Herron, whose 
grandfather was a native of Ireland, and came 
with his family in an early day to America. 
His son James was born in County Down, Ireland. 
and came to America in the latter part of the last 
century, locating in North Strabane township, 
Washington Co., Penn., on the farm now occupied 
by his descendants. He was married to Rachel 
Reed, a resident of Ohio, who bore him children 
as follows: Charles, John, William, James, Robert, 
John, Joseph, Thomas and Rachel. Mr. Herron 
was an active Democrat, and in religion was a 
member of the Seceder Church. 

Joseph Herron was born, January 2, 1797, on 
his father's farm in North Strabane township, and 
received a common-school education. On January 

3, 1824, he was united in marriage with Margaret, 
daughter of Daniel Hastings, of Somerset town- 
ship, and the young couple made their permanent 
home on the old farm, where the following chil- 
dren were born and reared: Rachel, born Decem- 
ber 1,5, 1824; Robert, born September 30, 1826; 
James, born September 18, 1828; John, born July 
24, 1830; Sarah (Mrs. Jonathan L. Peese), born 
April 22, 1833; Joseph, born December 8, 1834; 
Margaret A. (Mrs. Robert Munnel). born October 

4, 1837; and Elizabeth M. (Mrs. John Herron), 
born October 6, 1842. In politics Mr. Herron was 
a Democrat, and served as judge of elections and 
school director, and was also a lieutenant in the 
militia. In religious connection he was a member 
and liberal supporter of the Seceder Church. He 
died January 25. 1852, and his wife on March 18, 
1854. Both are buried in the U. P. cemetery at 
Pigeon Creek. 

James Herron was born on the farm where he 
now resides, and attended the common schools 
until almost twenty-one years of age. He then 
commenced learning the carpenter's trade, which 
he followed several years in North Strabane and 
adjoining townships. On June 23, 1865, he was 
united in marriage with Emma, daughter of John 
Barr. a native of Ireland, who came to America 
with his parents when but twelve years of age. He 
was a son of John Barr, also a native of Ireland, 
and who was there married to Margaret Dickey, 
who bore him children as follows: William, John, 
Robert, Mary (Mrs. Andrew Jackson) and Margaret 
(Mrs. Robert Patterson). The father of these 
children immigrated to America in an an early day, 

locating with his family in Somerset township, 
Washington Co., Penn., where the remainder of 
their lives was passed. He was a Democrat in 
his political preferences, and in religion a member 
of the Seceder Church. 

John Barr passed his youth on the home farm 
in Somerset township, and was there married to 
Elizabeth, daughter of James Smith. Their chil- 
dren were John A., James 8., Margaret D. (Mrs. 
James Rankin), Emma (Mrs. James Herron), 
Sarah J. (Mrs. William Pollock) and William A. 
In politics Mr. Barr was a Democrat, and served 
many years as justice of the peace. He was a 
member and one of the founders of the U. P. 
Church at Pigeon Creek, and served as an elder 
for years. He followed agricultural pursuits. 

After his marriage Mr. Herron settled on the 
home place in North Strabane township, where he 
has followed farming and stock raising. He and 
his family are members of the U. P. Church at 
Mt. Prospect. In politics he is a Democrat, and 
has served as school director and judge of elec 
tions. He is an enterprising and popular citizen. 



lOSEPH S. HUNTER, a member of one of 
the oldest and most prominent families of 
Washington county, Penn., is a grandson of 
James Hunter, who was born of Irish par- 
about 1788, in eastern Pennsylvania. On 
June 21, 1810, James Hunter was united in mar- 
riage with Eleanor Garrett, and they reared the 
following family : Margaret (deceased), born April 
12, 1811; Susan (deceased), born October 24,1814; 
Elizabeth, bora April 13, 1818 (widow of Robert 
Marshall), living in East Fiuley township, this 
county; James J. and William G. Mrs. Hunter 
died, and on March 29, 1827, Mr. Hunter was mar 
ried to Sarah Clark, of Buffalo township, this 
county, who bore him two children: John Clark, 
born December 24, 1827, and Sarah Ann, born 
October 6, 1830, both now deceased. This wife 
also died, and November 2, 1848, Mr. Hunter was 
married to Jane Welsh, who died in 1888. Soon 
after his first marriage he located in Buffalo town- 
ship, Washington county, following farming and 
distilling until 1839, when he settled on the farm 
in East Finley township which is now the prop- 
erty of his son, James J. Hunter, where he died in 
the year 1858. 

James J. Hunter was born October 26, 1820, 
in Buffalo township, Washington Co., Penn., and 
came with his father's family to East Finley town- 
ship, where he began life in 1843, doing farm work 
for others, and cropping on his father's place. On 
October 19, 1845, he was married to Jane, 
daughter of Thomas Hutchisson, of East Finley 
township, and three children were born to them: 
Joseph S., born June 24, 1846 (farming in Frank- 



1 in township); Thomas H., born Jnne 1 I. l s l^ (a 
farmer of Bast Finley township); and Jam. 
horn June 30, 1852 (a resident of Brilliant, Jef- 
ferson Co , Ohio). The mother of these children 
died in 1853, and on November 13, 1860, Mr 
Hunter was anited in marriage with Elizabeth. 
daughter of Gilbert Marshall, and the following 
children have been born to them: Mary B., bum 
March 27,1862; Jane A., born September 12, 1863, 
and Florence M . born July 27, 1865. After his 
first marriage Mr. Hunter lived in West Fin ley 
township, but finally (in lM'il) settled to Fast 
Finlej township, where he now resides. In politi- 
cal relations he is a Republican, and in religion he 
and his wife are members of the United Presbyte 
rian Church of East Finley township. 

Joseph S. Hunter w as born in West Finley 
township, and remained on the home place until he 
was twentj eight years of age, obtaining his edu- 
cation at the common-schools. On February II. 
ISTo. he was united in marriage with Mary P., 
daughter of J. W. Patterson, and to their union 
were born four children: William W . James H.. 
Jennie A., and Clark P. After their marriage the 
young couple settled in West Finley township, re- 
maining there four years, when thej removed to 
their present farm, which consists of 20 ' acre- of 
well-improved land. He is a member and liberal 
supporter of the United Presbyterian Church at 
Dog Wood Grove. In political life he is a stanch 
Republican, and is one of the most, energetic work- 
ers of his party in the township, although he has 
never accepted political preferment 

(OHN G. POGUE is one of the few men who 
can look back upon their past and see no fail- 
ures to regret, but find that step by step, and 
year by year, they have risen higher on the 
ladder of success, until the prime of life has 
found them on the topmost round, with leisure to 
pause and take a retrospective view. John (i 
Pogue is a son of William Pogue, of whose father 
we only know that he was of Scotch ancestry, and 
(at the time of the birth of his only son, William, ) 
a resident of Baltimore, Md. 

William Pogue was born in 1797, in Baltimore, 
Md., and in early life learned the trade of a tobac- 
conist. He was well educated and fond of read- 
ing. The father dying when William was a small 
boy, the latter was cared for by his mother, who 
afterward moved to Buffalo township, Washington 
county, and purchased a small piece of land about 
three miles north of Taylorstown. The son fol- 
lowed farming, and also worked a small coal bank 
located on the place. He was afterward married 
to Sarah Allison, who was born in 1786, and they 
had five children: James (who died at the age of 
forty -seven years, in Cadiz, Ohio), Susan (deceased 

in infancy). John G. (subject of this sketch), Will- 
iam (who died in Canton. 111., at the age of forty 
years) and Sarah Ann (who died in Buffalo town 
ship, this county i Mr. Pogue followed farming 
until thedeatb of his wife, which occurred in 1836. 
He then worked at his trade with George Black. 
of Washington. Penn. , and passed his later years 
with. his children. Politically he was a lifelong 
Democrat. Be died in 1859 

John G. Pogue was born March 28, 1824, in 

Buffalo township, this county, and when but eight 

yearsof age went to live with one j. iseph Alexander. 
With him he remained two year-. " doing chores " 
and attending the comm >n school, in the fall of 
1834 he mad.' his home with John C. Hanna. a 
farmer of Hopewell township, this county, and in 
1840 again entered the employ of Mr Alexander, 

with whom he remained until 1849. Meanwhile, 
this industrious youth embraced every opportunity 

to ure an education. He attended Franklin 

High School, which was conducted at the home of 
Major Waterings by W A. McKee; he also taught 
school five winters in West Virginia and Pennsyl 
vania. On October 25, 1848, Mr Pogue was united 
in marriage with Elizabeth Burt, who was born in 
August. 1824, a daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth 
(Dryden) Burt, who were both member- of old 
pioneer families. Mrs. Pogue and a sister, Mrs 
Xaney McKee, of Hopewell township, Washington 
county. are now the only living representatives of the 
family of ten children in Washington county, the 
others having settled in different places. Mr. and 
Mrs. Pogue have had the following children : Sarah 
Elizabeth (Mrs. John McCammon. of West Finley 
township), Fannie A. (Mrs. John Atkinson, of 
Brooke county, W. Ya.i. Joseph (residing in Wheel 
ing, W. Va.), Mary Jane i who died at the age of 
twelve years), William (living at home), Martha 
(Mrs Hiram Montgomery, of Donegal township). 
John J. (living with his parents), J. Burt and 
Anna May (both living at home). For -three years 
after his marriage Mr. Pogue lived as a tenant on 
the farm of J. C. Hanna. in Hopewell township, t his 
county. He then came to Donegal township, 
and rented a farm, locating about two and a half 
miles north of West Alexander, where he remained 
nineteen consecutive years. Several years before 
leaving this farm he had purchased an adjoining 
tract of 114 acres upon which he moved in 1803. 
By energetic toil and close economy, he soon saved 
enough money to again invest in land, and in 1868 
he bought the " Old McKeown " farm, lying just 
north of his previous purchase. In 1872 betook 
possession of the latter farm, and lias entirely re- 
modeled the residence and all the other buildings. 
He has few equals as an agriculturist, and his success 
has been enhanced by the invaluable aid of a care 
ful and economical wife. When he was first mar 
ried, Mr. Pogue owed $150, since which time he 

'.'4 2 


has become one of the most successful and prom- 
inent farmers of Donegal township. Politically he 
was an ardent Abolitionist, and took a great inter- 
est in the freedom of the negroes. He is now a 
Republican, and has often held township offices, 
but has declined to enter in the more active war- 
fare of political life. In religions connection he and 
his wife are members of the U. P. Church of West 

l(OHN S. BARR is a leading representative of 
.la well known family of Somerset township. 
fl Washington county, and an enterprising, 
successful and popular citizen of Canons- 
burg, serving his township and county in 
many ways, in addition to his usual duties as pri- 
vate citizen. 

His grandfather, John Barr, was a native of 
County Derry, Ireland, born in 1757, and died in 
1838. He was married to a Miss Dickey, to whom 
were born the following children: William, Johu, 
Robert, Archie (who died at the age of twelve 
years), Margaret (wife of Robert Pattison) and 
Mary (wife of Andrew Jackson). In 1816 Mr. 
Barr and family emigrated to America, and after 
a six weeks' voyage landed at Philadelphia, finally 
coming to Somerset township, Washington Co., 
Peun., where he purchased a farm, making there- 
on a permanent home, where he died in 1838. He 
was a member of the Seceder Church of Peters 
Creek, and on the organization of a new congrega- 
tion of the same denomination called Pigeon 
Creek, nearer his home, united with it, serving 
many years as elder. 

William Barr was born, in 1797, in County 
Derry, Ireland, and his youth was passed in his 
native land, where he vvas educated, becoming 
specially expert as a mathematician. In 1816 he 
came with his parents to America, and in 1826 was 
united in marriage with Mary, daughter of Hugh 
Boyd. Mr. Boyd and family, consisting of five 
children, came to America in 1824: Robert, Wil 
son (who preceded the rest of the family five years), 
Mary, Margaret and Bankhead. Both grand- 
parents were elders in the same church in Ireland, 
and both elders in the same congregations — Peters 
Creek and Pigeon Creek— in America. After his 
marriage William settled on a farm where his life 
was passed, and children born to him as follows: 
Johu S. (of whom a sketch is given below); Hugh 
and Eliza (Mrs. A. D. Williamson), living near 
Xenia. Ohio; Margaret (wife of James H. Dickey); 
William W. ; Bankhead Boyd; Mary (married to 
W. G. Garrett), and Martha Jane (deceased wife 
of William Berry). William Wilson Barr gradu- 
ated at Canonsburg in 1 S, r i6, studied theology at 
Xenia, Ohio; was called, accepted, and took charge 
in 1859 of the "Eighth United Presbyterian Church 

of Philadelphia, of which he is still pastor; Bank 
head enlisted as a soldier, in 1862, in Company (1, 
One Hundred and Fortieth Regiment, Pennsyl- 
vania Volunteers; was wounded at the Wilderness, 
and died at Alexandria, Va. , his remains being 
brought home and interred in Home cemetery. 
The father of this family was known as one who 
always acted from principle, and did what he con- 
scientiously thought was right. He was for many 
years identified with the Seceder Church of Pigeon 
Creek (now United Presbyterian), in which he was 
a ruling elder, and for many years led its praise 
service. He died in 1838, being followed by his 
life companion in 1876. 

John Scott Barr was born January 26, 1827, in 
Somerset township, this county, passing his earlv 
life at home. Receiving but a limited education 
(such as the winter schools at that time afforded), 
he has supplemented it by an extensive course of 
reading. On November 25, 1851 (Thanksgiving 
day), he embarked on the matrimonial sea in com 
pany with Mary, daughter of James Gibson, a well 
known citizen of Washington county. Two chil- 
dren were born to this union, the first dying in 
infancy. The mother died March 12, 1855, leav- 
ing an infant daughter of three weeks, who was 
given her mother's name, and is the wife of Rev. 
J. M. Duncan of the United Presbyterian Church 
at Richmond, Ohio. On January 26, 1865, John 
S. Barr was married to Mary S. Pattison, of Indi- 
ana, Penn., to whom three children were born, 
viz.: William Wilson (deceased), Archie John S. 
(deceased) and Martha Jane (wife of Rev. W. F. 
Weir, a Presbyterian minister of Toronto, Ohio). 
After the death of his father, which took place 
when he was less than twelve years of age, Mr. 
Barr took the principal managementof his father's 
farm, consisting of 110 acres, one payment to pay 
on that; but by hard work and economy, and with 
the aid of a good mother and the gracious favor of 
Almighty God, was added to the home place over 
200 acres more. The careful and attentive habits 
of his youth have attended his maturer years, and 
have secured for him a comfortable home. His in- 
stinctive uprightness in his dealings with his fel- 
low-men, charity for the worthy poor, and gener- 
ous support of all measures tending to promote 
the interests of Church and State, mark him as a 
man worthy of the esteem and confidence in which 
he is held by his friends and neighbors. 

In politics the subject of this sketch was first 
a Whig, then a Republican, and has held various 
township offices, serving six terms as school director, 
and in 1872 was elected commissioner of Washing- 
ton county, which office he filled very acceptably. 
In response to Gov. Curtin'scall for men to repel 
Lee's invasion of Maryland, he enlisted in a com 
pany at Canonsburg, which became part of the 
Sixteenth Regiment Pennsylvania Volunteers, and 



equipped at Harrisburg, carried by rail toHagers- 
town and then marched toward Autietam expect 
ing to get to the battle field that evening; but 
night came on, and they encamped in a nice piece 
mI woods by the roadside, struck their tents and 
put out pickets. About dusk word came that 
they would be attacked by Imboden's Rebel cavalry 
thai night; a vote was taken whether they would 
retreat or stand their ground, and the result was 
that they should stay. Every gun was loaded, and 
about '•* o'clock the commissary wagon drove 
ii] i and a number of shots were fired into it; the 
mistake was soon discovered, no one was hurt, and 
no "rebs" came. After Lee's retreat into Virginia, 
they were disbanded and sent home. In May, 
1889, he was appointed a manager of the State Be 
form School at Morganza, for four years, by Gov- 
ernor Beaver. Here from 300 to 400 boys and 
about 10(1 girls are educated and taught some useful 
trades. In June, 1891, when the Citizens' Bank of 

Cauousbnrg was organized, he was elected oi I 

its directors. When sixteen years of age he united 
with the then Seceder Church of I'igeon Creek 
(now United Presbyterian) and was always an 
earnest worker, seeking her peace and prosperity. 
He was chosen an elder when thirty live \ ears of 
age, thus holding the place of lather and grand 
father. In April, 1888, he and his wife and 
family removed to their residence in Canonsburg, 
and united with the U. I'. Chartiers Church of that 

ILLIAM B. FLICK ranks among the 
most progressive citizens of Beallsville, 
and is a successful agriculturist. His 
father, Daniel Flick, was of German de- 
scent, and his ancestors settled in the Ligonier 
Valley many years ago. 

Daniel Flick was born in 1802, in Fayette county, 
Penn., and there learned the weaver's trade, be 
coming one of the first weavers in that locality. 
He was five times married: In 1822 he married 
Susanna Brown, who was born September 9, 1803, 
and settled in Waynesburg, Greene Co , Penn., 
where he followed hotel business, farming and 
mercantile pursuits; here Mrs. Flick died, leaving 
four children, of whom William B. is the only one 
now living. Daniel Flick next married Nancy Stew 
art. His third wife was Mrs. Nancy Haldeman, a 
widow; his fourth was Jane E. Cleaver, and for his 
fifth wife he married Mrs. Eleanor Freeman, widow 
of Louis Freeman. He died Marcli 18, 1871, at 
the age of sixty eight, on the farm in West Pike 
Run township, Washington Co., Penn., where he 
had moved in the spring of 1856. For a number 
of years he operated a keel boat in the transporta- 
tion of freight between Rice's Landing and Pitts- 
burgh, and was also a wagoner, carrying goods 

across the mountains from Baltimore to Greene 

William B. Flick, son of Daniel and Susanna 
(Brown) Flick, was born June 15, 1830, in Wa\ ues 
burgh, Greene Co., Penn., and began his education 
at a tender age, being carried by his sister to 
school when but three years old, in order to save 
time for the busy mother. On October 10, 1850, 
he was united in marriage with May Berryhill, a 
native of Greene county, Penn. She died leaving 
one son, William, who became an engineer, ami 
during a collision, November 5, L890, at Claysville, 
Washington county, was killed, having clung to 
his engine to the last Mr. Flick was married in 
1853 to Miss Maria Rhiuehart, who died leaving 
two children: Oscar (a resident of Greene county) 
ami an infant. In 1855 Mr. Flick came to West 
Pike Run township, Washington county, and on 
May 17, 1866, married his third wife in the person 
of Zobitha, daughter of James Irwin. Her only 
brother. James F. Irwin, is living in Virginia. 
Since coming to West L'ike Run township, Mr. 
Flick lias resided on his present farm, which is ]■> 
cated on the northern boundary of Beallsville. He 
is a successful agriculturist, and has for the past ten 
years made a specialty of breeding Shorthorn cat 
tie. Politically, he was formerly a Whig and 
Know-Nothing, but is now a Republican, and he 
is at present serving in the council of Beallsville 
borough. He has been a member of the I. O. O. F. 
for twenty years, and of the Encampment, and with 
all public enterprises he is prominently identified. 

The following reminiscences are from the pen of 
Mr. Flick: 

The old log school-house that I attended fir the first 
time, dow sixty years ago, was constructed of unhewn 
logs, and put together as you would build a pen. Small 
-tunes were sot on edge between the logs, and Hen 
dubbed with clay mortar. One log was sawed out to 
make room lor a sash in the west side, and on this sash 
was pasted greased paper. This old log school-house was 
abandoned and a new one put, up eight or ten years alter. 
1 whs carried by my sister to this old school-house. I 
would go to see it, and limit squirrels with my father, for it 

was a g 1 place for game. Now, as to the floor in this 

old school-house: it was laid with what was called 
puncheons in those days, wbich were split-out logs, 
dressed off as best could be done. This floor was not all 
over the room, for there was a space six feet square at the 
east end, for fire, and on the ground immediately above 
this place, over head, were joists to serve as bearings 
whereon to build a chimney. This chimney was, at tin- 
base, six feet square and tapered to the height desired, 
built out of split lath ami plastered with clay mortar. 
Clapboards were split "lit of oak timber, three and a half 
feet long, and laid down on poles; while the joists were 
covered with another clapboard. And then there was 
what was called a big pole to hold them down; there 
were no boards over head. As to seats, they were made 
of split puncheon, roughly made with legs. Three of 
these were placed around this square where the fire was, 
and as the pupils would get warm, they would retire to 
other benches, and others would then take their places at 
the tire. Daniel Flick, my father, was one of the first 
teamsters w b.0 made a Imsiness of going to Baltimore for 



goods before there was any railroad; and 1 may here 
state that while he was at Baltimore on one occasion, he 
learned that the B. & O. R. K. had twelve miles of road 
made, and would run three coaches, engine and tender to 
Elliot's Mills. The coaches were furnished with side 
seats running lengthwise. So my lather concluded to 
take a free ride. The B. & O. company had mules sta- 
tioned at the heavy grades to assist the engine in making 
grade. This was in spring of 1831. This engine and the 
coaches were placed on exhibition in the city of Pitts 
burgh among other old relics, and were destroyed by 

\ILLIAM SWAN, son of Col. William 
Swan (who was a son of Timothy Swan, 
a Revolutionary soldier, and a native of 
County Down, Ireland, and Jane (Watson) 
Swan, of Westmoreland county, Penn.) and Mar- 
tha (French) Swan, daughter of Enoch and Mary 
(McElroy) French, of Chambersburg, Penn.. was 
born in Trumbull county. Ohio, May 11, 1826. 
His father, a soldier in the war of LSI 2, died din- 
ing the infancy of his son William, who was the 
youngest of a family of six children. In 1832 
his mother removed from Ohio to the vicinity of 
Canousburg, in order that her children might 
have better educational advantages. 

When a very young man Mr. Swan came to 
Washington to learn the printer's trade in the 
office of the Examiner, and during liis apprentice- 
ship lie was an inmate of the family of the later 
venerable Judge Grayson, who was the founder 
of that paper. In 1851 Mr. Swan, in partnership 
with William Ritezel. Esq. , founded the Review. It 
was during this partnership that Mr. Swan, leav 
ing the paper in the hands of Mr. Ritezel, made a 
trip across the plains to California, which trip was 
made on account of bad health. His diary, kept 
during the journey, is one of intense interest, 
telling of many escapades happening to the trav- 
elers, and descriptions of some of our now great 
western cities at that time. He was gone six 
months, returning via the Isthmus of Panama to 
New York. Upon his return to Washington, he 
bought Mr. Ritezel's share in the Review, and con- 
ducted the paper with ability and success until 
its consolidation with the Examiner in 1865; and 
published as Review and Examiner by Swan & 
Ecker, Mr. Swan continuing editor and proprietor 
until his death, which occurred October 10, 1876. 
In 1863 Mr. Swan was the nominee, on the Demo 
cratic ticket, for the office of county treasurer, and 
although his party was then in the minority in the 
county, yet he polled a vote which indicated the 
high esteem in which he was held by his fellow- 
citizens as a man of financial integrity and ability, 
as well as of personal popularity. His was, in 
everv sense, a manly character, and as such always 
commanded the respect of his opponents, and at- 
tracted to him troops of personal friends. Warm- 

hearted, gentle in manner, kind, charitable, be- 
nevolent and generous, he was ever ready to assist 
the poor and unfortunate, and every project, which 
appealed to his sympathy, never failed to receive 
substantial aid at his hands. 

In 1858 Mr. Swan was united in marriage to 
Miss Sarah A. McClane, daughter of Ebeuezer and 
Jane (McMurray) McClane, ofChartiers township, 
Washington Co., Penn., and by her had five chil- 
dren, all now deceased except one daughter, Jean 
McClane Swan, who resides with her widowed 
mother in the borough of Washington. 

F^ROF. G. G. HERTZOG, a well-known 
teacher, and talented professor in the South- 
western State Normal School, at California, 
is a son of Andrew Hertzog, whose father, 
John, was born near Hagerstowu, Md. 
John Hertzog was educated in his native State; 
he was of German descent, and spoke and read 
the German and English languages with equal 
ease. Coming to Fayette county, Penn., he re 
mained a bachelor until middle age, when he se- 
lected a wife in the person of Mrs. Sarah Burch- 
inal, a widow lady, who had four children by her 
former marriage, namely: Jeremiah, Luther, 
Thomas and Rebecca. One son, Andrew, was 
born to the union of John and Sarah (Burchinal) 
Hertzog. The father followed agricultural pur- 
suits, and died at an advanced age. In his polit 
ical sympathies he was a Jeffersouian Democrat. 

Andrew Hertzog was born November 11, 1811, 
in Springhill township, Fayette Co, Penn., and 
there attended the subscription schools. He fol- 
lowed the business of building and contracting 
for many years, and after his marriage settled on 
the homestead farm in Fayette county. He mar- 
ried Susanna, daughter of George and Hannah 
Gans, natives of Pennsylvania, who were the par 
ents of the following children: Asenath, Susanna, 
Hannah, Mary, William, Paul and Philip. Mr. 
Gans was a Democrat in politics, and in religion a 
member of the Baptist Church. After his death 
Mrs. Gans was married to Joseph Baker, and by 
him had four children, viz. : Michael, George, Jo- 
siah and Caroline. To the union of Andrew and 
Susannah (Gans) Hertzog wore born the following 
children: John J., Hannah (deceased), G. G., 
Sarah (wife of William Mallory), Andrew, Amanda 
(married to George Lyons), 0. G. (a minister of 
the Disciple Church, now acting as financial agent 
for Hiram College, Ohio), Susanna (wife of Cyrus 
Pyle), Caroline (married to George D. Bowers), 
Mary (wife of Elza Warman) and Lizzie (wife of 
J. D West). Politically Mr. Heitzog was a Whig 
and Republican, serving for years as justice of 
the peace, and in religion was a member of the 
Baptist Church at Mt. Zion. 

nwsill.XGTON COU.X / ) 


Prof. G. (i. Hertzog was born September 22, 
L837, in Fayette ooanty, Penn., and from earliest 
boyhood developed strong intellectual capacity. 
After attending the common schools, he remained 
sometime at the academy at George*s Creek; then 
took a thorough course of instruction at the South- 
ivestern State Normal School, at California. On 
December 25, 1862, he was married to Emily C. , 
daughter of John Gr. Hertig, and she has borne 
liim four children, viz. : Lucy S. and Walter S. (who 
both graduated at the Southwestern State Normal 
School, the latter in 1891, and is now a teacher). 
Russell T. , deceased, and Carl S. Lucy S. after 
graduation took a medical course at the Homce 
opathic College, of Cleveland, Ohio, and since re- 
ceiving her diploma has been employed as princi- 
pal of the Women's and Children'-. Dispensary at 
Cleveland, Ohio. 

Prof. Hertzog was first connected with the South- 
western State Normal School in 1866, Bince when 
he has been an instructor in the higher branches, 
and is now professor of mathematics and book- 
keeping. His energetic personality is felt and 
appreciated in every department of the school, to 
which he lias devoted many years of his life with 
eminent success, as is fully evin I by the phe- 
nomenal progress the institution has made. In 
politics he is a stanch Republican, and in religion 
an earnest worker in the Christian Church, in 
which he has been an elder for over twenty years, 
and in the Sunday school, of which he has been 
superintendent for many years. 


ODOWICK MeCARRELL is prominent 
among the leading attorneys of the borough 
of Washington, and a lineal descendant of 
Lodowick McCarrell, a native of Ireland, 
who came to America and to Washington county 
in 1780. At Ten .Mile and Hickory, in Mt. 
Pleasant township, he took up a large quantity of 
land, a great part of which he cleared and im- 
proved, and here for years he followed agricultural 
pursuits. He died in 1851, at the advanced age 
of eighty -four years, bearing to the last the im- 
press of the stalwart race from which he sprung. 
Here he married Martha, daughter of John 
Lemon, who, together with Andrew Eagleson, was 
the first settler in Canton township, where he 
died. He had several daughters, all now deceased. 
our subject's grandmother being the first to pass 
away, dying before her husband. The grandpar- 
ents of Lodowick, Jr. , had a family of seveu 
children, of whom the following is a fragmentary 
record: John died in Lawrence county, Penn.; 
Thomas is spoken of more fully further on; James 
died in Beaver county, same State; Andrew died 
in Mount Pleasant township, on the old homestead; 

Leman died in Buffalo township, this county, 
when middle aged; Isabelle (deceased) was the 
wife of Isaac Hodgens, of Buffalo township; Eliza 
beth (deceased) was the wife of John Cockins. ,,f 
Mt. Pleasant township. The father of this family 
was an elder in the Seceder Church. 

Thomas McCarrell, father of Lodowick. Jr., was 
horn in Virginia in 1801. He was thrice mar 
ried — hist, to Miss Esther McNary, of Washington 
county, who died in 1831, leaving four children, 
as follows: Martha, who died in January, 1893, 
at Hickory, this county: Margaret, wife of Joseph 
Cowden, in Cecil township, near Venice; Dr. John 
McCarrell, who died in January, 1891, in Wells 
ville, Ohio, and Dr. James McCarrell, a resident 
of Allegheny, Penn. For his second wife Thomas 
McCarrell married Elizabeth McConnaughy, of 
Washington county, a daughter of David McCon 
naughy, a farmer, who had come from the North 
of Ireland to this county prior to the beginning 
of this century; he and his wife and children are 
now all dead. Mr. and Mrs. McCarrell, after mar 
riage, settled on the old farm in Mt. Pleasant 
township, where were born to them the following 
named children: David M. , a physician in Hick 
ory, this county; Leman, farming on the home 
stead in Mt. Pleasani township; Alexander D., 
a I'nited Presbyterian minister at Stewart's Sta- 
tion, Westmoreland Co., Penn., and Lodowick, 
the subject of these lines. The mother died in 
1859, at the age of fifty-nine years, and the father, 
in 1863, married Margaret Martin, who died in 
1890. The father died in 1S72, a member of the 
Seceder Church. Politically, he was a Democrat, 
and tilled various county and township offices of 
trust. He was elected county commissioner in 
L853, was associate judge for a term of five years, 
and was justice of the peace in Mt. Pleasant town 
ship seven terms. 

Lodowick McCarrel, whose name opens this 
biographical sketch, was born February 2, 1842, 
in Mt. Pleasant township, Washington Co., Penn., 
and received a liberal education at *the schools of 
the locality, working also at times on the farm. 
Saving decided to make the legal profession his 
life vocation, he entered Jefferson College, from 
which he graduated in 1867 in the classical course, 
and then commenced the study of law in the office 
of Montgomery & Gibson, Washington borough. 
In 1869 he was admitted to the bar of the county, 
commenced practice in the following year, and has 
since continued with eminent success. Mr. Mc- 
Carrell was married July 25, 1876, to Lida, 
daughter of Robert JacksoD, and to this union one 
son, Robert L. , was born. In his political prefer 
ences our subject is an active member of the 
Democratic party, and in religious sentiment he is 
of the United Presbyterian faith. 



JfOHN BAIRD, son of George Baird, of whom 
mention is made elsewhere in this work, was 
] born in Washington, Penn., July 16, 1816, 
and received his education in the public 
schools in the vicinity of his birthplace. In the 
earlier part of his life he was engaged in the coin- 
mission business, which he conducted very sue 
cessfully until he was appointed agent of the 
Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co. in Washington, 
which position he held for many years up until 
nearly his retirement from active business 

Mr. Baird was married twice, first time to 
Harriet N. Gilfillan, daughter of Dr. Gilfillan, of 
West Alexander, Penn. She died ih 1852, leaving 
ing four children, of whom two are living, viz. : 
Mary M., of Leetsdale, Penn., and Susan C, 
widow of James C. Johnson, of Erie, Penn. For 
his second wife Mr. Baird married Harriet S. 
Clark, daughter of Joseph Clark, of Franklin 
township, Washington county, and to* them seven 
children were born, as follows: Jane Wilson, wife 
of Moses Atwood, of Pittsburgh; Sarah, who died 
in infancy; George, engaged in the banking busi- 
ness in Pittsburgh; Joseph, also engaged in bank- 
ing, in Washington; William, connected with a 
glass company of Washington; and Eleanore and 
Katharine, both at home. On March 5, 1889, the 
father departed this life at the age of seventy-three. 
Politically he was a Republicau, and in religion a 
member of the First Presbyterian Church. 


tinguished citizen and business man of 
Monongahela, was born in the city of Phil- 
adelphia, Penn., November 17, 1845. 
His grandparents came to western Penn 
sylvania from Cecil county, Md. , immediately 
after the close of the Revolutionary war, his grand 
father having served in that war, locating first in 
Allegheny City, shortly after moving to a point 
eight miles west of Pittsburgh near White Hall and 
Sargents Hall, six miles east of Finleyville, or as it 
was then called " Rowgalley," where he had a sister 
married to James Barclay, who had also come from 
Cecil county, Md. John Finley was a farmer, and 
owned a body of land, on which Finleyville was built. 
Theoriginal tract on which the town was located was 
called •' Mount Pleasant.'' and the warrant was 
taken out by John Wall, December 3, 1787, pur- 
chased by James Barclay, who sold the most of it 
to John Finley in 1 7SS. It was named Finley- 
ville, in honor of John Finley. He and his wife 
had children as follows: William, born January 
16, I78N, never married; Robert, March 27. 1790, 
never married; John, Januarv 17. 1792; Jane, May 
21), 1793; Sarah, April lit, 1795; Levi, .January 3, 
1798; Margaret, March 30, L800; Isabel, March 
II, 1802; Mary, November 28, 1804; James (father 

of J. B. Finley), June 10, 1806, and Susan, June 
23, 1808. Of these Margaret married a Mr. Bald 
win; Isabel married a Mr. Cochran; Jane married 
Dr. Joseph Curry; Susan married a Mr. Curry; 
Mary married a Mr. St. Clair; Sarah, married a 
Mr. Neil. John Finley was a very large land 
owner in Washington county. 

James Finley, father of subject, was born in 
1806, on the old homestead six miles east of 
Finley on the Pittsburgh and Brownville road. 
He learned merchandising with his brother, Robert, 
who was the first postmaster of Finleyville. A 
short time after James went to Pittsburgh, where 
he entered a mercantile house, remaining here 
from the time he was twenty-five to thirty years of 
age, when he proceeded to Philadelphia, and from 
there traveled abroad. Returning to Philadelphia, 
he there engaged, in company with a partner, in 
the wholesale dry-goods business. In 1851 the 
firm failed, and had to close out the business at a 
great loss. Having saved from the ruin a small 
amount of money, he was enabled to open a general 
store at Finleyville. Here he remained several 
years, dying in 1857, at the age of fifty-one years. 
Mr. Finley was married to Miss Catherine O'Neil, 
who was born at or near Albany, N. Y., a daughter 
of John O'Neil. To this union were born seven 
children, viz.: James, who died aged seventeen; 
William P. , who was but eighteen years old, when 
in May, 1862, he was killed at the battle of Will 
iamsburg, Va. (he was a member of the "Friend 
Rifles," of Pittsburgh); John Barclay, our subject; 
Byron S., unmarried, and residing in Otley, Iowa 
(he and his mother, the latter now aged seventy- 
one years, and sister Florence E., reside together) ; 
Rowland W , who resides in Goodland, Kans. (he 
was county clerk two terms, going out of office in 
1899; he owns a considerable body of land near the 
county seat, and also a flouring mill at Goodland; 
he married Miss Laura White, of Iowa); Florence 
E., mentioned above; Robert F., unmarried and 
residing in San Francisco, engaged in the erection 
of gas plants. 

When six years old our subject came with his 
parents to Finleyville, Washington Co., Penn., at 
the common schools of which place he received his 
primary education, finishing with a course at the 
normal school in Monongahela City. Soon after 
leaving school he engaged as a clerk in the mer- 
cantile house of Alexander & Co., in that city, 
continuing with them in merchandising until 1865, 
when they disposed of their mercantile interests, 
and engaged exclusively in banking. Mr. Finley 
remained with them until 187<l, when, the Peoples 
Savings Bank being established, he was made 
cashier. The bank was, in 1889, reorganized under 
the title of "The Peoples Bank," Mr. Fiidey 
being elected president, which position he contin 
ues to fill. He was one of the original organizers 

-O"— ^ 

ii A.suixGTON COUNTY. 


and promoters of the Monongabela City Gas Co., 
having been a director since its organization and 
treasurer since L880; bas been director of Williams- 
port Bridge Co. for a number of years, president 
since 1888, and he rebuilt it after the tire in 1884; 
be is a director, and for two years was president, 
of the Bellewood & Monongahela Natural Gas 
Co., and is also one of tin- principal stockholders 
of this company; is also one of the incorporators of 

M mgahela Cemetery Association; is also presi 

dent and principal stockholder of the Lawrence 
(ias Co. of New Castle, Penn., and of the New 
Cattle Electric Co., and treasurer and principal 
Stockholder of the City of New Castle Water Co. ; 
president of and stockholder and director in the 
Broad Top & Cambria Coal Co.. and is a director 
in the Fifth National Bank of Pittsburgh. Polit- 
ically Mr. Finley is a Republican, and represented 
Washington county in the Legislature 1887 88, and 
was elected to till the unexpired term of Hon. 
.lames K. Piillingsly, 1889 90; served in the House 
of 1891, and resigned in April, 1892, in order to 
accept office as councilman so as to more effectively 
advocate improved streets and sewerage for Monon 
gahela City; he bad been a member of council be- 
fore, and president of councils three or four terms, 
also clerk of council a number of wars Mr. 
Finley is a prominent Freemason, having attained 
the thirty-second degree; is a Sir Knight Templar 
and member of the Shrine, He is a member of the 
AmericuH Club, and the Duquesne Club, of 1'itts 
burgh, He was a member of the Revenue com 
mission of 1887 (along with M. S. Quay, John 
Faunce, W. Norris, .lames S. Graham, H. K. 
Boyer, Christopher E. Hydrick, Jerome B. Niles. 
Henry Palmer, Thomas V. Cooper, and others) 
to examine into the tax laws of the State and rec- 
ommend State tax legislation. During the war 
of the Rebellion be enlisted in Company G, Eight- 
eenth Pennsylvania Militia, in answer to a call 
of Gov. Curtin in 1862, and was stationed near 
Hagerstown, Md. After Lee crossed the Potomac 
bis regiment was ordered back to Greencastle and 
thence home. 

Mr. Finley was united in marriage, February 
21, 1878, with Miss Marguerite Bowman, who was 
born in Monongahela City, a daughter of Michael 
Bowman. Mr. and Mrs. Finley are members of 
the First Presbyterian Church. 



RS. CLARA W. BAIRD, the widow of 

Andrew Todd Baird, is a daughter of 

Hugh W Wilson, of Washington county, 

who settled in South Strabane township, 

on a farm his grandfather had purchased. 

ancestry of this family in Washington 

came to America at an early day, and six 

ions have lived on the old home place estab- 

lished in Washington borough, the representative 
of the fifth generation still living there. James 
Wilson came from Bedford county, Penn., in 17*1, 
and purchased lot No. 291, where Smith's store 
now stands. He died in 1792 in the bouse he had 
built on the corner of Main and Beau streets. At 
bis death his wife (name unknown) inherited by 
will the use of 200 acres of land adjoining the town 
until James, the youngest son, should be of age, 
when the farm was to be equally divided between 
James, Thomas and John. Hugh, the eldest son. 
had been provided for by certain property set off 
to him previously, a portion of which was the lot 
on Main street, near Maiden; and in addition to 
this property he purchased, in 1786, the lot on 
which Morgan's store now stands. This Hugh 
Wilson was the grandfather of Mrs. Clara Baird. 
He was thrice married; his first wife was Rachel 
Leet, born May 31, 1769, daughter of Isaac Leet. 
and sisfer of Maj. Daniel Leet, and by her hi' had 
children as follows: Rebecca, Margaret, Rachel 
and Hugh W. The mother of these children 
dying in 1788, Hugh Wilson married Margaret 
(Hamilton) Fleming, a widow with one daughter, 
Catherine, who afterward became the wife of John 
I). McFaddeo, jeweler, of Pittsburgh, Bj this 

wife Hugh Wilson had one daughter, Eliza, mar 

ried to Rev. Thomas Swaim, of Philadelphia, who 

was pastor of the Baptist Church at Washington, 
Penn., from 1846 to 1850. After the death of his 
second wife Hugh Wilson married a Miss Spencer, 
an English lady, who survived him many years. 

Hugh W. Wilson, the only son of Hugh and Ra 
el i el ( Leet ) Wilson, was born in Washington, Penn., 
February 22, 1812. On April 25, 1837, he was 
married to Frances Emma, daughter of Thomas and 
Frances Anica I Preble) Barlow, of Allegheny, and 
their children were: Edward Preble, born April 25, 
1838, now living in ( 'incinnati, Ohio; James Blaine, 
bom November 25, 1839, now living in Washington, 
Penn.; Clara the subject proper of this sketch; 
and Frances Emma, who (lied in infancy. The 
mother died February 12, 1845, at the age of 
twenty-seven years, and Mr. Wilson married, Sep 
tember 'J, 1S47, Sarah Neville, niece of General 
Neville, and by her he had two children: Neville 
Craig, born October 30, 1850, died January 1, INST. 
and Rebecca Blaine, born September 12, 1853, died 
February 16, 1877. The mother of these children 
departed this life September 30, 1856, aged thirty - 
six years, and the father on May 13, 1862, at the 
age of forty-nine years. By occupation he was a 
farmer, and during the later years of bis life he 
followed fruit growing, also kept a greenhouse. 
His death was sudden, caused by over exertion in 
rapid walking, which produced internal rupture. 
For thirty years be was a deacon in the Baptist 

On June 8, 1865, Clara Wilson was united in 



marriage with Andrew Todd Baird, by whom she 
had seven children, viz. : Frances Emma, Jane 
Cunningham, Auica Chambers, George (deceased 
at the age of five months), Andrew Todd (deceased 
when aged ten and one-half years), Hugh Wilson 
and Susan, the survivors all living with the mother 
mi Maiden street, Washington. 

Andrew Todd Baird was born in 1831, at the 
home of his grandparents in Washington, Penn., 
I nit was taken to Ripley, Ohio, where he remained 
until 1836, thence moved to Wheeling, W. Va. , in 
which city be lived till 1844, there receiving a part 
of his education. At the age of seventeen (1848) 
Mr. Baird graduated at Washington and Jefferson 
College, where he took a classical course. For a 
time he studied law with his uncle, but for some 
reason abandoned it. He learned telegraphy, and 
in lsr>l had charge of the telegraph office at Wash- 
ington, but resigned to enter his father's store. In 
18(50 he b.icame a partner with his father, 'and on 
the latter's death succeeded to the business. For 
twenty years (1868 to 1887) he was treasurer of 
Washington and Jefferson College; was treasurer 
of the First Presbyterian Church sixteen years 
(1869 to 1885) and at the time of his death the 
church was out of debt; for thirty years he was 
librarian of the Sunday-school. Mr. Baird had 
joined the church in 1856, and lived the life of a 
true Christian. He was a most conscientious man 
and gave liberally of his means to all deserving 
charities and beneficent institutions, and on June 
6, 1X56, he commenced to devote one-tenth of his 
income for that purpose. He was a stanch Repub- 
lican, at all times standing firmly and conscien- 
tiously by his political opinions. After marriage 
he and his wife took up their residence on Beau 
street, in the borough of Washington, remaining 
there until 1871, moving twice before 1875, when 
they took possession of the present home of the 
family. Here Mr. Baird died March 25, 1887, at 
the age of fifty-five years, six month. 

QEORGE BAIRD. This gentleman was a 
typical specimen of the vigorous and hearty 
Scotch-Irish race from which he claimed 

His grandfather, John Baird, came to 
America, as a soldier under Gen. Braddock, and 
shared with him the memorable defeat on the 
Monongahela, July 9,1755. He is said to have 
1 ist his life in the disastrous battle of Grant's Hill, 
in 1758, before Fort Duquesne (now Pittsburgh). 
His widow with her infant son. Absalom, continued 
to reside in the home he had established for them 
in Chester county, Penn. But on arriving at a 
suitable age, this son was sent to the famous 
academy at Pequa, in Lancaster county, then con- 
ducted by that eminent educator. Dr. Robert 

Smith, where, by thorough stud)', he prepared 
himself to enter upon a course in medicine. The 
outbreak of the American Revolution found him a 
physician ready for practice, and opened to him a 
tine rield of professional energy and of patriotism 
as an army surgeon, a capacity in which he served 
his country until 1781, when his regiment was dis- 
banded under an act of Congress. Returning to 
Chester county, he settled in Kennett Square, and 
there practiced medicine until November, 1786, 
when he removed to Washington, Penn. In his 
new sphere, Dr. Baird, besides practicing his pro- 
fession, soon reached eminence as a leader in the 
community, as indicated by the various offices he 
successively held, viz.: justice of the peace, county 
lieutenant, brigade inspector, member of the State 
Senate, and then of the House of Representatives, 
s-heriff of Washington county and trustee of Wash 
ington Academy, the germ of the present Washing- 
ton College. He died October 27, 1805, leaving 
four sons, viz. : John, who followed him in the 
medical profession, but died early; George, the 
subject of this memorial, and Thomas H. and Will- 
iam, both of whom became eminent and successful 
lawyers, the former also a distinguished judge. 
His first wife, Susanna (Brown), was called from 
earth November 16, 1802, about three years before 
his death, and his second, Margaret (Darrah), fol- 
lowed his remains to the grave in the year sue 
ceeding their marriage. 

George Baird, the second son of Dr. Absalom 
Baird, was born in Kennett Square, Chester Co., 
Penn., October 28, 1785. He was taken by his 
parents to their new home in Washington at the 
age of eleven months, and here he grew up into 
the bodily and mental strength which ever charac 
terized him amidst the peculiar advantages of acorn 
munity whose tirst settlers possessed unusual cult- 
ure and transmitted it to their posterity. Reared 
carefully amidst the best influences of a Scotch - 
Irish Presbyterian home and community, the text- 
ure of his youthful character was wrought after 
that superior fashion. The death of his father 
left Mr. Baird an orphan of just twenty years. He 
had simultaneously or alternately, been for some 
time pursuing classical and mathematical study at 
Washington Academy, and preparing for the prac- 
tice of medicine in his father's office. During the 
summer of 1805, he had enjoyed the instruction of 
the Rev. Matthew Brown, who in the spring of that 
year had become both pastor of the Presbyterian 
Church of Washington, and principal of the 
academy. Dr. Brown had in the academy, as as 
sistant, Mr. David Elliott (afterward Rev. Dr. 
Elliott), the successor of Dr. Brown both in the 
pastorate of the church and the presidency of the 
college. The retirement of Mr. Elliott after a 
year of service to resume his studies as a candidate 
for graduation in Dickinson College, at Carlisle, 



Penn., was simultaneous with the transition of 
Washington Academy into the college under t ho 
charter of 1806. Mr. liaird took his place as tutor, 
and efficiently discharged the duties of the posi 

tion for a year. The serious bereavement which 
imposed upon him a large share of the support of 
the family, also compelled the abandonment of a 
future prosecution of collegiate studies, and, what 
was still worse, of his medical studies also. This 
was much regretted, in view of his special classical 
taste anil capacity, and a corresponding waut of 

adaptation to ordinary trade. But " o ssitj 

knows no law." The aspiring student, must needs 
abandon his bo >ks and come down to the stress of 
business. He did this with cheerful submission 
and characteristic energy, ever holding the confi 
deuce of the community in which he lived, but not 
with the degree of success with which we may well 
suppose the pursuits of his preference and longing 
might have been crowned. His first important 
venture, along with his brother-in-law, Nicholas 
Wilson, in the form of a boat load of floor for the 
market at New Orleans, was a disastrous failure, 
on account of the intervening depression of juices. 
Subsequently he was engaged in business for a 
brief season at St. Genevieve, Mo., and also at 
Nashville, Tenn. But returning to his home in 
Washington, popular favor expressed itself in his 
election, in ISM, to the office of sheriff of Wash 
ington county, for the term of three years, re elec- 
tion being forbidden by law in the case of that 
office, unless after a lapse of time. During the 
same years, as for the two previous years, the office 
of deputy attorney general was filled by his brother 
Thomas H. Baird, who likewise was president 
judge of the district composed of Washington, 
Fayette and Greene counties for a continuous pe 
riod of twenty years, beginning with 1818. Dur- 
ing the years 1816-24, William Baird, the young 
est brother, was deputy attorney-general. These 
facts abundantly attest both the energy of these 
brothers and of their hold on the public confidence. 
Two important events in Mr. Baird' s life were 
closely associated with his election as sheriff in 
1811. One of these was his marriage, and the 
other his union with the Presbyterian Church of 
Washington, by public profession of his faith. On 
October 25, ISM, two or three weeks after his 
election, he and Miss Jane, daughter of John and 
Catherine Wilson, of Washington, were happily 
united for life by Rev. Dr. Matthew Brown. The 
union was a thorough blending of mutual love and 
devotion, of ever increasing strength, until No- 
vember 2, 1860, when on the verge of a half cent- 
ury the husband's death separated them for a little 
while. Very shortly after his marriage and the 
assumption of the duties of his office, Mr. Baird 
took the vows of a Christian upon himself and sat 

down beside his beloved bride at the communion 
table of the Lord. 

The expiration of Mr. Baird's term of office was 
followed, after a short interval, by his election in 
January, 1S1(>, as a member of the House of Rep- 
resentatives at Harrisburg, to rill the vacancy oc- 
casioned by the death of Gen. James Stephenson. 
He at once took his seat and vigilantly discharged 
his duties as a legislator. Retiring then to private 
life, he engaged in mercantile business, which 
through several changes, and with varying fortune, 
he pursued until 1829, when bis financial embar 
rassments culminated in bankruptcy. The trial 
was in every way severe, and its experience bitter. 
but conscious integrity and an unblemished repu- 
tation sustained his wounded spirit. It was under 
the necessity which followed this reverse of fort 
une, that Mr. Baird in 1830 removed to the neigh 
borhood of Hiphy, Ohio, and took charge .if a 
farm and a mill belonging to his bn ither in law. 
Rev. Andrew Todd, of Kentucky. Here, too, his 
life for six year- was one of both struggle and 
heroic endurance, as well as of success least 
equal to his. expectation. In 1836 another change 
was made responsive to an invitation of his wife's 
brother. Marcus Wilson, to join him in the dry - 
goods business at Wheeling, Va. But their ar 
rangements had scarcely gone into effect when Mr. 
Wilson's death precipitated another. Alone hi' 
then entered into the grocery business, though he 
was, of course, put under unexpected stress. Vet 
he pushed hi- way with assiduous earnestness and 
established a trade which produced a comfortable 
living. So he continued until ISM, when the in- 
creasing infirmities of Mrs. Baird's aged parents at 
Washington, made a call of filial duty to return to 
that place and take charge of them. Concurrent 
with this was the inducement of a better oppor 
tunity to educate his younger children. At Wheel- 
ing he had not only been reasonably prospered in 
business, but his family had formed strong ties of 
friendship, which still bind them. Their relations 
with the First Presbyterian Church of that city, 
during the seven years of their continuance, were 
most cordial and satisfactory. Especially was 
their union close with the venerable pastor, Rev. 
Henry R Weed, D.D., aud his family. The re 
moval to Washington was the last change. En- 
gaging in the same business as at Wheeling, Mr. 
Baird prosecuted it with vigor, having the efficient 
help of his youngest son, Andrew Todd Baird, 
during the last twelve years of his life. That sou 
succeeded him at his death, and soon, by his com- 
bined skill and energy, rose to the front rank of 
business men, a place which by common consent 
he held up to his death. The return of Mr. Baird 
to Washington was speedily followed with renewed 
tokens of confidence from a community which well 



knew his worth. He was at once elected a trustee 
of Washington College, and so continued through 
the remaining seventeen years of his life. This 
was but a return to a position which he had before 
held for twenty consecutive years, commencing 
with 1812, under the presidency of Dr. Matthew- 
Brown. During all of this latter period he acted 
as collector and a portion of it as treasurer of this 
institution. In this, too, his youngest son was his 
assistant, and succeeding to the financial trust was 
in full charge of the resources of the board until 
his death in 1887. In 1848 he was chosen to the 
office of justice of the peace, and discharged its 
duties for five years. But the office which he most 
of all valued was that of ruling elder in the Pres- 
byterian Church of Washington, to which, after 
election by the people, be was ordained and in- 
stalled October 3, 1847, along with James Boon, 
Joseph Henderson and Dr. Robert R. Reed. In 
that sacred office he was ever discriminating, con- 
stant and true to duty, and during most of the time 
was the efficient clerk of the Session. His appre- 
ciation by the ministry and eldership beyond his 
own particular church, may be inferred from his 
unanimous appointment by the Presbytery of 
Washington, as one of its commissioners to the 
General Assembly, which held its sessions in Nash 
ville, Tenn., in May, 1855. 

The character of Mr. Baird was very marked. 
In him seeming opposites were wonderfully blend- 
ed. Decision even sometimes to sternness if not 
bluntness, was joined with a tenderness of heart 
seldom surpassed. He was brave to utter fear- 
lessness in avowing and maintaining his convic 
tic ms, and yet modest, diffident and deferential to 
the judgment of those in whose wisdom and truth 
he confided. He would suffer loss rather than 
forsake a principle or betray a friend. He was 
not slow to maintain his own rights with a heroic 
spirit, but he was ever more ready to forego his 
own ease and interest in doing a kindness. No 
parent more strictly exacted obedience, whilst no 
one could exceed him in a father's sympathetic 
love. He was solicitous for the spiritual welfare 
of the young, an earnest teacher in the Sabbath 
school, and, during several periods, its superintend- 
ent. He loved the sanctuary with its sacred 
word and ordinances. The family altar never fell 
into neglect in his home, nor did the religious in- 
struction of his children. With his last breath he 
uttered affectionate words of parting to his beloved 
wife ami children, as well as fit counsels to all that 
came to his bedside. His expressions of goodwill 
toward his fellow-men were hearty, and his 
prayers for the coming of the Lord went up be- 
fore him to the heavenly throne. On November 
'_', I860, he breathed out his life in the sweet peace 
of Christ, and two days later his body was gently 

laitl to rest in the " city of the dead." He had 
through grace finished his earthly course of seventy- 
five years, and even then was beholding the Lord's 
face, and was satisfied with His likeness. 

His widow survived him until July 16, 1872, 
when she departed this life in her seventy-ninth 
year. She was greatly beloved in life, not only 
within her own large circle of relatives but by a 
still greater number, between whom and herself, 
during long and affectionate intercourse, ties had 
been formed which are stronger than death. The 
loveliness of her manners and disposition which 
made her girlhood so attractive, was thus carried 
into the responsible relations of wife and mother. 
She was equally at home among the refined and 
the lowly; modestly diffusing the light of her own 
genial spirit over all around her, and receiving 
back the largest rewards of confidence and love. 
Her words of encouragement and hope fell tenderly 
upon sorrowful hearts. As a daughter, sister, 
wife and mother, her affection, illustrated by her 
daily words and acts, wrote its own history upon 
the memories of those bound to her by those tender 
ties, which must prove as lasting as the soul. She 
was kind, tender and thoughtful in all that re- 
lated to the welfare and happiness of each and all 
of them. She was a mother in the fulness of love 
and care to a succession of orphaned children, 
chiefly nephews, nieces and grandchildren, which 
seldom finds a parallel. From the time of her 
marriage, down through the threescore years dur 
ing which she had a home, there was no time when 
the blessings of that home were not shared by one 
or more of this class. In her time of greatest need, 
she always had somewhat to give, when the Mas 
ter's cause appealed to her for help. In this, as 
in a multitude of other ways, did her unselfish 
preference of the good and happiness of others over 
any gratification of her own, appear. 

Mrs Baird was born and reared, as she also 
spent most of her life and died, on the same prem 
ises. She was the fourth daughter of John Wil- 
son, Esq., who died in 1847, and Mrs. Catherine 
Wilson, who died December 15, 1857, who, with 
their firstborn child, immigrated from Ireland to 
this country in 1786. After a residence of three 
years in Philadelphia they settled in Washington, 
Penn., in 1789, and here, after a long life, they 
came to their rest among the dead. Of five sis- 
ters, all of whom lived to widowhood and advanced 
age, and were blended into closer union by means 
of common circumstances and experiences, three 
were called away within the brief space of seven 
teen months. Mrs. Martha Wishart (widow of Dr. 
John Wishart), the second sister, died March 1, 
1871, in the eightieth year of her age; on August 
2, 1872, the eldest sister, Mrs. Mary, widow of 
David Acheson, fell asleep as she neared the veu- 

uwsmxirrox corxr) 


erable age of eighty live years; Mrs. Margaret 
Wilson died July 21, IS70; Mrs. Catherine W. 
Todd, on January 5, 1 S 7 7 . and John K. Wilson 
on July 4, 1883. 

I M ORGAN HAYES, senior member of the 

\a| firm of Hayes & Wilson, carriage makers 

■i I of Washington, Penn., was born in Hurt 

J) * l ford county Conn.. March 13, 1820; re- 

ceived his education there and learned the 

carriage makers' trade in the town of Hartford. 

Morgan Hayes settled at Washington, Penn,, 
October 15, 1841, and in partnership with his 
brother and uncle (who had been keeping a hotel 
in the borough) established a carriage shop in rear 
of the court-house. Burned out there, the com- 
pany purchased the old Presbyterian church build- 
ing, now vacant and the property of the S. B. & 
C. Bay es estate. In 1871 the shop was established 
in the old Methodist church building, 54 North 
Franklin street, where business is now carried on. 
As a coincidence, it may be related thai a brother 
in Columbus, Ohio (now of the linn of M & E. K. 
Hayes), conducted an industry of the same nature 
in an old church building. In 1871 our subject 
formed a partnership with John S. Wilson, who 
had served an apprenticeship with him, for the 
manufacture of all kinds of carriages, buggies, 
spring wagons, etc., which has since continued 
with well-merited success. Politically, Mr. Hayes 
is a Democrat, in religion a member of the Second 
Presbyterian Church, in which he is an elder. He 
is the oldest carriage maker iD Washington, and 
built the first buggy in the county. He has in his 
possession a buggy he made in 1843, and sold July 
3, that year; but some years ago he bought it back, 
and has exhibited it since at the county fair. This 
vehicle is now half a century old, is good and sound, 
and a venerable reminder of the days immediately 
following the "Hard Cider Campaign." Some 
years ago, Rev. Charles Hayes published a vo- 
luminous work, on the Hayes family, at Westfield, 
N. Y., which is a standard genealogy back to 1 (ltd. 
It does not treat of the family before the Refor- 

OLIVER M. LINTON is descended from an 
honored ancestry who came to Washington 
county at a very early period in its history. 
John Linton immigrated to America about 
1682, and was apparently the first of the family to 
set foot upon American soil. An old family Bible, 
now in the possession of our subject, contains a 
record of five generations, and the first item in this 
record is the following: "Benjamin Linton, son of 
John and Rebecca, born 6th month, 10th. day, 

Joshua Linton, son of the above named Henja 
niiu. by a second wife, iter Jane Cowgil, was born 
January 22, 1738, and was the great-grandfather 
of Oliver M. In early pioneer days he was a resi 
dent of Bucks county, Penn., whence, in company 
with his three sons — Benjamin, Mahlon and 
Joshua, Jr. — he came to Washington county 
toward thecloseof the last century. [This is taken 
from data supplied by Prof. Edwin Linton. | Of 
these sons, Mahlon was born in Bucks county, at 
l J:3<> o'clock, a. m .. February 6, L781, was reared to 
agricultural pm suits on bis father's faun, after the 
fashion of those early times, and also learned the 
trade of weaving, both of which occupations lie 
followed through life. After his arrival in Wash 
ington county, he purchased, on March 10, I (89, 
seventy six acres of wild bind in East Bethlehem 
township, where he made a settlement, clearing 
his place of the primeval forest, and enduring the 
many hardships incident to pioneer life. On 
March 31, 1803, he married Ann Hilles, who bore 
him the following named children: Sarah, born 
August 11. 1804, died in 1873; William II.. born 
April 30, L806, died L862; Samuel, born June 23, 
1809, died 1864; Joseph, born January 28, 1813, 
died L882; Mary Ann, born April 27, 1815, died 
1882; Isaiah, born September 211, 1817, died 1891; 

Caroline, born August 21, 1820, died in girlh 1. 

and Margaret, born September 21, 1825. The 
father died April 4, 1831, the mother following 
him to the grave June 21, 1838. He was a Whig 
in politics, and in his religious connection was a 

William H. Linton was bom on the farm now 
owned by his son, Oliver M., in East Bethlehem 
township, and which has been in the possession of 
the Linton family ever since its purchase in 1789 
by Mahlon Linton. He received his education at 
the subscription schoolsof the locality of his birth, 
and afterward attended Westland Academy. His 
brothers and sisters, who grew to maturity, all 
married and became scattered, but he continued to 
live on the old homestead, assisting his father in 
the duties of the farm, and at the latter's death 
be inherited the property. He was married Octo- 
ber 31, 1832, to Matilda, daughter of Benjamin 
Taylor, one of Washington county's early Quaker 
citizens. To this union were born children as 
follows: Eli, Caroline, Elizabeth Ann, Oliver M., 
William Hilles, Mary and Eliza, John Francis and 
Lawrence, all of whom are now deceased, except 
Caroline, Oliver M. and William Hilles, the last 
named being a resident of Salem, Ohio. The 
father by occupation was a farmer, shoemaker and 
broom maker; in politics he was a Republican, in 
religious faith a Quaker; he died March 29. 1862; 
the mother was called from earth September 17, 

Oliyer M. Linton, whose name opens this bio 



graphical memoir, was born on the farm which he 
now owns, anil of which hi> has been a lifelong 
resident, with the exception of three years (1882 
to 1885) he spent in Centreville. He was educated 

at the c minion schools of his district, receiving at 
home a thorough training in the arduous and 
manifold duties of a practical agriculturist, and 
has made farming pursuits, including threshing by 
horsepower, the vocation of his life. On October 
26, 1865, he was married to Miss Philena Cleaver, 
who was born September 18, 1841, in Columbiana 
county, Ohio, daughter < .f Eli Cleaver, and this 
union was blessed with rive children, viz. : Nora 
M., born August 19, 1867; Mary M. , born August 
2, 1869; Lizzie L., born September 10, 1871; 
Cora E., born April 3, 1873, and Eva O., born 
November 2, 1882. Of these the following named 
three all died in 1872 of diphtheria: Nora M. , 
March 14; Mary M., February 15, and Lizzie L., 
March 12. Mr. Linton's farm, comprising uinety- 
three acres, in a high state of cultivation, is 
equipped with all modern improvements, and is 
devoted exclusively to general farming and stock 
raising. In his political preferments our subject 
is a Republican, and has served as judge of 

JOHN S. WILSON, of the firm of Hayes & 
Wilson, carriage makers, Washington, is a 
V[\\ native of that borough, born in March, 1830. 
—^ His grandfather, Matthew Wilson, was of 
Butler county, Penn., whence he removed to 
Morgan county, Ohio, where he carried on farm- 
ing, and died in 1845 at the patriarchal age of 
ninety years. He was a Revolutionary soldier. 
His wife, a native of Ireland, bore him rive 
children (all now deceased), one of whom came at 
the age of seventeen years to Washington, but did 
not remain long; another son and a daughter died 
in Ohio. 

William Jackson Wilson, a son of Matthew, was 
born in Butler county, Penn., and when a lad came 
to Washington, where for many years he followed 
his trade, shoemaking. He was a very patriotic 
man, and held a commission as major in the 
militia. In 1862, then sixty years of age, he was 
desirous of enlisting in the active service of his 
country, but because of his white hair and beard 
he was rejected. Determined, however, to get 
into some regiment, he rejuvenated himself by 
dying his hair, and was then accepted, serving his 
country four years with as much zeal and activity 
as many a much younger man. When he reached 
the age of seventy-six, he departed this life, a 
stanch Republican in his political preferences, 
although prior to the Civil war he had been a 
Democrat. At one time in his life he was over- 
seer of the | r, serving eight years. Socially he 

was connected with the I. O. O. F. and F. & A. 
M. , and in religion he was a member of the M. E. 
Church. Mr. Wilson was married to Mrs. Mary 
Kimmons, nee Sprowls, a descendant of John 
Sprowls who came from England to this county 
about the time of the Revolution, settling in East 
Finley township. To this union were born six 
children, as follows: George W., in Louisville. 
Ky. (for thirty years he was on theL. & N. railroad); 
Sarah is the wife of Morgan Hayes; John S. is the 
subject of this sketch; Mary (Mrs. Daniel Mowry) 
is deceased; Charlotte lives in Washington, Penn. 
The mother died at McCounellsville, Ohio, in 

John S. Wilson received his education at the 
public schools of his native place, and learned the 
trade of shoemaker with his father, at which he 
worked three years. Preferring, however, the 
carriage making business, he bound himself as an 
apprentice to S. B. & C. Hayes, of Washington, 
in that line, and served four years, after which he 
worked as a journeyman, part of the time in 
Wheeling, W. Va. In 1859 he went "across the 
plains" to California, with oxen, the journey 
occupying six months, and he has still in his pos- 
session a diary he kept, containing an interesting 
account of his trip from the time of his leaving 
home to his return in 1865. About that year he 
again went to Wheeling, where he remained several 
years, and then, finally, returned to Washington, 
where, in 1871, he eutered into partnership with 
Morgan Hayes, for the manufacture of all kinds of 
carriages, buggies, spring wagons, etc., under the 
firm name of Hayes & Wilson, which has since 
continued with unqualified success. In 1868 Mr. 
Wilson was married to Miss Harriet Woodward 
Kimball, of Wheeling, W. Va. , a native of White 
Mills, Penn., and whose parents are now deceased. 
No children have been born to this union. Polit- 
ically Mr. Wilson sympathizes with the Demo 
cratic party, but in voting he invariably uses his 
judgment, casting his ballot for " the right man 
for the right place;'' socially he was at one time 
a member of the I. O. O. F. He is a typical self- 
made man, having attained success by his own 
individual efforts. Enterprising to an eminent 
degree, he takes a lively interest in all measures 
tending to the welfare and prosperity of his city 
and county. He is a stockholder in both the Glass 
Works and the Tube Works in Washington. 

OF. LYON, a resident of Amwell township, 
Washington Co., Penn., is of Scotch Irish 
/ descent. His great-great-grandfather, Na 
thaniel Lyon, emigrated from the High- 
lands of Scotland to this country in the early part 
of the eighteenth century, and settled near Morris 
town, New Jersey. 


Nathaniel Lyon had live sods: Ezekie), Nathan- 
iel, Benjamin, Stephen and John. These brothers 
all immigrated to western Pennsylvania, and for a 
time remained at, or near, what is now Browns 
ville, Fayette county. Here Ezekiel, the eldest, 
built a woolen mill and manufactured cloth for 
many years. Nathaniel, the second son of this 
family, immigrated to Ohio in the early days, and 
settled on the Muskingum river. Stephen, the 
fourth son, was a cripple and worked at the trade 
of tinsmith. The fifth son, John, settled in 
Virginia, at or near the flats of Grave creek, and 
there lived and died. 

Benjamin Lyon, third son of Nathaniel, ami 
great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, 
was horn in 1752 near Morristown, N. J., where 
he had his home until after the Revolutionary war, 
in which he served during the entire conflict. He 
was married in 1777, while a soldier, to a Miss 
Wilcox who, with her father, mother and one 
brother had started from London, England (the 
father, Mr. Wilcox, during a storm while I hey 
were crossing the ocean, was drowned). The 
mother, Mrs. Wilcox, with her two children, 
reached this country safely, and settled in Phila- 
delphia. After the war, Benjamin Lyon immi 
grated to Western Pennsylvania, and settled on a 
farm at the headwaters of Mingo creek, about one 
mile north of Dunningsville, Washington Co., 
Penn. This farm was for many years owned by 
Andrew Crouch (deceased), and is now owned by 
his son, John Crouch. The original mansion 
house and home of Benjamin Lyon, on this farm, 
is still standing; it is a frame building, and was 
built by his own hands, he being a mechanic. He 
lived on this farm until the death of his first wife 
in 1801. She was buried in a graveyard on the 
adjoining farm, known for many years back as the 
"Todd farm." Benjamin Lyon, soon after the 
death of his wife, sold out and moved to Smith 
Creek, Greene Co., Penn., where, in 1812, he 
married the Widow Rogers, and by her had one son 
(Mathias), born June 9, 1813 (now living in Chilli- 
cothe. Mo.). By his first wife he (Benjamin 
Lyon) had children as follows: Betsy, born April 
27, 1778; Phcebe, born November 10, 1781; Sabia, 
born December 9, 1783; Nancy, born March 30, 
1787; Noah, born March 27, 1790; William, born 
March 9. 1795; and Joanna, born December 13, 
1800. Religiously, Benjamin Lyon was a Baptist, 
and was very strong in the faith. He died in 
1836, at the age of eighty-four, and was buried on 
the Thomas Smith farm, two miles from Waynes- 
burg. Pennsylvania. 

William Lyon (grandfather of O. F. Lyon) was 
born March 9, 1795, in Nottingham township, 
Washington Co., Penn. He was married September 
7, 1810, to Elizabeth Hathaway, who bore him 
eight children, viz. : Morgan Lyon, born July 17, 

IS 17; Thomas Harvey (residing at Linden. Wash 
ington Co., Penn. ). born September 4. 1819; Har 
rison (deceased), born December 24, 1821; Jack- 
son (deceased), born October 17. IS'24; Louisa 
(Mrs. Horner, deceased I, born Maj 27, 1827; 
Richmond (deceased), born January 28, 1829; 
Perren (residing at Orarjge, Cal.), born May 10. 
L832; and William Sealy (residing at Rochelle, 
III), born February 26, 1835. He lived in Green. 
county for a short time, then bought a gristmill 
on Ten Mile creek, Washington county (now 
known as Lindley's Mills), which he owned and 
operated until 1842, when he sold out, and with 
his wife and children moved to Clark county. Itid . 
where he remained until the fall of 1 S 4 4 . when, on 
account of sickness of nearly all his family, and 
death of two of his sons (Harrison and Jackson), 
he returned to Pennsylvania and located at Beck's 
Mills, three miles east of Canonsburg, Washing 
ton county, where he died November 9, 1845; 
Elizabeth Lyon, his widow, died April 10, 1804. 

Morgan Lyon (father of O. F. Lyon) was born 
July 17. 1817. His education was obtained at 
common schools, and for some time he taught 
school in his own neighborhood; when not teach 
ing he worked with his father in the mill. On 
November 25, 1838, he was married to Clarissa 
Jane McYey, who bore him nine children, viz. : 
Oscar F. (whose name opens this sketch); Emma 
A. (Mrs. Samuel Bane, deceased), born September 
17. 1841; Elizabeth A. (Mrs. Evans Bane, re- 
siding in Moniteau county. Mo.), born March 22, 
1844; Harvey R.. born September 9, 1846, was a 
soldier in Company K, Sixteenth Pennsylvania 
Cavalry, war of the Rebellion (now residing in 
Denton, Tex.); William A., born January 13, 1849 
(was a soldier in Company K, Sixteenth Pennsyl- 
vania Cavalry, died at Alexandria. Va. , June 1, 
1864, of wounds received in action); David H , 
born October 1, 1851 (died in infancy); Sarah L., 
born March 29, 1855 (residing in Moniteau 
county, Mo-); Clara J. (Mrs Hoge), born Decem- 
ber 12, 1858 (residing in Chillicothe. Mo.), and 
James M. (residing in Burlington, Iowa), born 
January 4, 1861. 

For a number of years Morgan Lyon followed 
droving, buying stock in Ohio and western Penn- 
sylvania and driving it across the mountains to 
the Eastern cities. In 1862 he opened a store of 
general merchandise at Lone Pine, Penn., and at 
the same time and place owned and operated a 
coal mine. Here he continued in business (which 
proved to be very profitable) until 1869, when he 
sold out and moved to Moniteau county, Mo., and 
purchased the farm upon which he lived until his 
death. Politically, he was a Whig, and after the 
organization of the party he became a Republican, 
being always interested in public affairs, and in- 
tensely loyal. He was especially earnest in pro- 



moting the welfare of the public schools, was a 
great reader, well posted on the general topics of 
his time. He was always an earnest believer in 
the Christian religion, and died strong in the faith, 
January 29. 1891. 

Clarissa Jane Lyon (mother of O. F. Lyon) 
was born May 20, 1820, a daughter of Stephen 
and Amy McVey, who wire of Scotch Irish origin, 
and whose ancestors were among the early settlers 
of western Pennsylvania. Mrs. Lyon had four 
brothers and three sisters, viz. : Silas (deceased), 
Harvey (residing at Washington, Penn. ), Franklin, 
a carpenter (deceased), Charles (a soldier in the 
Sixteenth Pennsylvania Cavalry, war of the Re 
bellion), Sarah Waddell (residing at Millsboro, 
Penn.), Ann Vorhees (deceased), and Amy, living 
at West Union, Penn. Mrs. Lyon was always a con- 
sistent, Christian woman, a devoted wife and 
mother. Forgetting self, she lived and toiled 
solely for the good of her family and those around 
her. She and her husband were formerly mem- 
bers of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, but 
in later years both united with the Christian 
Church. She is still living on her farm (left by 
her husband) in Moniteau county, Mo. 

O. F. Lyon, eldest son of Morgan and C. J. 
Lyon, was born December 1, 1839, in Morris 
township, Washington Co., Penn. At the age of 
two years he went with his parents to Indiana, re- 
turning with them to Pennsylvania when he was 
about five years old, and settling in North Stra- 
bane township, Washington county. Here he re- 
mained, going to school in the winter time, and 
working on the farm in summer. At the age of 
seventeen he learned the carpenter's trade, which 
he followed until the opening of the war of the 
Rebellion, when he enlisted, September 16, 1861, 
in the first three-years' call, in Company A, 
Eighty-fifth P. V. I., serving until November 22, 
1864. He was with Gen. McClellan in the Pen- 
insular campaign of 1862; with Gen. Foster's ex- 
pedition from Newberne, N. C via Atlantic 
Ocean to Hilton Head, S. C. . January, 1863; 
with Gen. Gilmore, in the Department of the 
South, during 1863; with Gen. Butler, around 
Petersburg and Richmond, Va., in 1864. He 
participated in the siege of Yorktown, battles of 
Williamsburg, Savage Station, Fair Oaks and 
Black Water, Va. ; siege of Morris Island, and 
Fort Wagner, S. C. , sometimes called the Sixty- 
one days' tight; White Marsh Island, Ga. ; Ber 
muda Hundred, Ware Church, Appomattox, Straw 
berry Plain. Deep Bottom, Chapin Farm, Va., and 
others. At Fair Oaks his life was saved by his 
belt clasp, which was struck and broken through 
by an ounce minie ball. After his return from 
the war Mr. Lyon entered the store of his father, 
and on February 18, 1866. was united in marriage 
with Catharine Ferre}. The following children 

have been born to them: Jennie C, born May 
26, 1867 (educated at Oberlin, Ohio, and now 
teacher of music at Braddock, Penn.); Emma A., 
born August 17, 1869 (graduated at Bethany Col 
lege (W. Va.), and is uow missionary in Nankin, 
China, under the control of the Foreign Mission 
ary Society of the Christian Church); Ella L., 
born June 7, 1872 (graduate of the Washington 
Business College and teacher of stenography and 
typewriting); William M., born October 20, 1!S71, 
and Sherman L., born December 12, 1883, both 

Soon after his marriage Mr. Lyon engaged in 
farming and stock-raising, and in 1872 purchased 
the farm upon which he has since lived. He is 
an active Republican, and has served two terms as 
justice of the peace in Am well township. He and 
his family have for many years been members of 
the Christian Church, and are prominent in the 

THE WISE FAMILY. This family, which set- 
tled at an early day in the southeastern part 
of what is now Washington county, Penn., 
were of German extraction. Adam Wise 
and his wife, the progenitors, were natives 
of Rhenish Hesse, a province of Hesse Darmstadt, 
and lived near the river Rhine, where his ancestors 
carried on the business of milling and distillation 
of wine. He and his wife, excited no doubt by 
the wonderful reports which were spread far and 
wide of the opportunities afforded the emigrant for 
bettering his condition of life in the New World. 
set sail with their first born child (Andrew, born 
May 7. 1748) from Rotterdam, in the ship "Hamp- 
shire," Thomas Cheeseman, captain, and touching 
last at Falmouth, England, landed at Baltimore, 
Md., in July, 1748, the vessel after some delay 
proceeding to Philadelphia, where it arrived Sep 
t ember 7 following. Adam Wise and family first 
settled on Pipe creek, in Carroll county, Md., at or 
near the site of Frederick City, where he lived about 
t wcnty-two years, and was engaged in the busi- 
ness of milling, distilling and farming, at which 
he prospered and was well to do. Shortly after 
March 10, 1763, when his son Adam, Jr., was born, 
his first wife died. After a suitable period of 
mourning had elapsed, the elder Wise consoled 
himself for the loss by taking another wife — a 
German lady -- and a few years after, his no 
madic spirit, having revived, he closed out his busi 
ness in Maryland, and started with his family, now 
numerous, in search of a new home in the wilds of 
western Pennsylvania (making the long and tedi 
ous journey over the mountains in wagons), and 
settled on North Ten Mile creek, probably about 
the year 1770, if not earlier. This section of 
country was then known as " The Wilderness of 





Ten Mile " and was very sparsely settled. Only 
four years before this the lirst w hite settlement 
within the present limits of Washington county 
had been made near the junction of Ten Mile 
oreek with the Monongahela river, and about four 
miles down the stream from the point where Adam 
\\ ise selected his new home. The selection was 
judiciously made. Perhaps nowhere in Wash 
ington county could he have found a more invil 
ing site for a homestead. On a commanding emi- 
nence overlooking the beautiful valley of Ten Mile 
he built his cabin home. He must have been a 
man of cultured and refined taste, as a family 
tradition states that he was largely influenced in 
selecting this location by the picturesque land 
scape here presented to his view, and more particu- 
larly by the groyes of white pine growing in this 
locality — a feature of natural scener) very rare in 
Washington county. Here he located a tract of 
land, then in Westmoreland county, comprising 
about 400 acres, by what was called a ''tomahawk 
improvement;'" that is. he blazed the trees around 
his boundaries. The tract lies on the north side 
of North Ten Mile creek, about two and one half 
miles from its junction with the south branch, and 
about four miles from the .Monongahela river. This 
tract he uamed '"The Fishery," for the reason that 
the linny tribe was very numerous at this point in 
the waters of Ten Mile, and it was patented March 
1 ( J, 1785, under that name, by his sou Peter Wise, 
who inherited it, the warrant having issued June 
26, 1785. The delay in taking out a patent was 
occasioned by the disturbed state of the country 
caused by the Revolutionary war, and also owing 
to the death of the original proprietor, which oc- 
curred before its close. 

After the erection of Washington county, In act 
of Assembly, March 28, 1781, this tract was in- 
cluded in Washington, and after the county was 
subdivided into townships it was in Bethlehem; 
then after its subdivision into East and West 
Bethlehem, it was partly in both townships, the 
line passing nearly through its center. The village 
of Zollarsville is now located on a part of this 
tract. A recital of the adventures and hardships 
experienced by this family during the first few 
years of its life in the wilderness would be too 
voluminous for this sketch — until the close of the 
Revolutionary war the Indians were hostile and the 
settlers were constantly menaced by destruction 
at their hands. At one time the danger became so 
threatening that they forsook their home and took 
refuge in old Fort Redstone, in which one of their 
children was born. The nearest trading posts were 
Winchester, Va., and Frederick City, Md.. and to 
one of these points journeys were frequently made 
for the purchase of salt, hardware and other neces- 
saries which they could not produce on the farm. 
These trips required about a mouth to make, and 

several settlers generally traveled together, for mu- 
tual protection against the wild beasts and ma- 
rauding savages. Each man generally had charge 
of three horses, all heavily laden with such prod 
uce of their farms as could be carried on pad, 
-addles. At first they carried wheat, but this 
proved too weighty -then they tried tlax, but this 
proved too bulky. At last finding that whisky 
and peach brandy were highly prized and com 
manded high prices at these trading posts, small 
distilleries were soon erected on almost every farm, 
and their products soon came to be the chief 
articles of export and trade. The sites of three <>l 
these primitive distilleries are still plainly marked 
on the old Wise plantation. This whisky took the 
name of the region in which it was manufactured, 
and " Old Monongahela " soon became a popular 
brand — a distinction which it has retained to the 
present day. 

For several years the only mills for grinding 
grain were run by hand or by horse power, but the 
practical mind and enterprising spirit of Adam 
Wise soon conceived the idea of erecting a flouring 
mill to be propelled by water power, and to him 
and his son Andrew must be given the credit of 
erecting I lie firsi mill built within the valley of 
Ten Mile. It is not now possitively known in 
what year this mill was erected, but a plat of the 
land made in 17 s o >ho\\^ tin location of the mill, 
race and dam, and it was in successful operation 
and a place of note in 1788, as is shown by a peti- 
tion of the inhabitants of Bethlehem township to 
the court in that year, which prays "that a line 
dividing said township into two parts, should be 
gin at Peter Drake's and thence by a straight line 
to Wise's Mill which has ever been accounted cen- 
treable." This mill, however, was probably in 
operation about 1775, or shortly thereafter, first 
with an undershot wheel, and upon a small scale, 
but as the settlement rapidly increased it was soon 
found to he insufficient to do the business, and it was 
torn down, and a large mill with three run of 
buhrs, and overshot wheels, was erected near the 
site of the old mill. For many years it did an im- 
mense business, having no competition, flour of its 
manufacture being shipped in keel and flat boats 
as far south as New Orleans. Not long after the 
erection of the flouring mill, a sawmill was also 
erected, which did a large business, being sur 
rounded by the primeval forest, and lumber being 
in great demand on account of the rapid settlement 
of the neighborhood. 

In the midst of all this business, Adam Wise, by 
whose capital . and enterprise the mills were 
erected, died June 9, 1781, in his sixty-third year, 
and was buried in a graveyard on his plantation. 
A plain stone, with his age and date of death 
rudely cut thereon, still marks the grave where 
sleeps this sturdy, brave-hearted, enterprising 



pioneer. He was a useful man in his day and gen- 
eration. Probably no man ever lived in this sec 
tion who did so much to promote its rapid settle- 
ment and improvement. By his enterprise in 
erecting a mill, other settlers were attracted to the 
neighborhood, on account of the convenience there- 
of, the primeval forests rapidly gave way to culti- 
vated fields, and the rich hills of Bethlehem were 
soon covered with golden grain. This mill passed 
out of the ownership of the Wise family in 1840, 
and was torn down in 1867. It was sold outside 
of the family for a few years, but was repurchased 
and owned and operated by said family for more 
than half a century. Adam Wise left a largo 
estate for the time, and also a large family, his 
children being thirteen in number. By his first 
wife, who died in Maryland, he had five sous, viz. : 
Andrew, born in Germany; Peter, Frederick, 
Henry and Adam, Jr. ; by his second wife, Catha- 
rine, he had eight children, viz. : sons — Jacob, 
Daniel, Abraham and Tobias, and daughters — 
Mary, Mary Ann, Ulian and Judith, some of whom 
were born before he left Maryland, others, after 
he came to Washington county, Penn.; of these, 
Andrew patented the farm where Thomas Martin- 
dell now lives. He married Zernah Hartman, and 
died March 4, 1840, aged ninety- two years, his re- 
mains lying buried in the graveyard on his father's 
original plantation. His descendants now reside 
in and near Logansport, Ind. , from one of whom 
Mr. George C. Horn, the writer of this sketch is 
indebted for much of the information used in its 

Peter, the second son, inherited by the will of 
his father (dated April 13, 1781) the family home- 
stead, and lived thereon until 1818, when he sold 
it to his son Andrew, and moved to near Canton, 
Ohio, where his posterity now generally reside, 
constituting a numerous and influential family. 
Hannah, a daughter of Peter, married Jacob Zol- 
lars, and lived on a part of the old Wise tract until 
her death. She was the mother of four children, 
all of whom are now dead or moved away from this 
county except Demas Zollars, who still resides 
here at an advanced age. Frederick, the third son, 
founded the town of Fredericktown, situated on 
the Monongahela river, upon land patented and 
owned by him, and named it after its founder. 
The survey was made March 8, 1790. He seems 
to have been a Prohibitionist, a rare distinction 
probably in his day, for among other things he 
stipulated in his deed to purchasers of lots "that 
no distillery for the destruction of grain or fruits 
shall be at any time erected on the premises. ' ' Two 
of the sons of Adam Wise, viz.. Henry and Daniel, 
settled in Virginia and their,descendants are nu- 
merous in that State at the present day, but noth- 
ing definite concerning them is known to the writer. 
Jacob lived and died in Washington county, and 

some of his descendants still live here. Of Abra- 
ham and Tobias, with their sisters, Mary, Mary 
Ann and Ulian, the writer after diligent inquiry 
can find no trace. They must either have died or 
moved away to parts unknown to the writer. 
They probably moved to Ohio along with their 
half-brother Peter, who was made their testament 
ary guardian by their father. Judith married 
Bev. John Spohn, a minister in the German Bap- 
tist Church, and some of her grandchildren are 
still residents of this county. 

Adam Wise, the fifth son of Adam, Si., by his 
first wife, was born April 5, 1763. He married 
Barbara Zollars, a daughter of Frederick Zollars, 
a pioneer in the neighborhood. He became owner 
of a farm of about 276 acres adjoining the land of 
his brother Peter. About 1812. he became the 
owner of the old Wise mill, and of 100 acres of 
the old homestead. He operated the mill in con 
uectiou with his farms until 1824, when he dis- 
posed of his property among his children, and re- 
tired from active business life. He died July 15, 
1842, aged seventy-nine years; his wife, Barbara, 
died September 29, 1852, aged uinty three years. 
Adam Wise was a member of the German Baptist 
or Dunkard Church, and so great was his religious 
zeal, that when he erected his new brick residence, 
now owned and occupied by James B. Hawkins, 
he had the second story finished in one compart 
ment, so that public religious services could be 
held therein. His wife, however, was of the 
Lutheran faith, and was one of the original mem- 
bers of the Lutheran Church, which was organized 
here by Bev. Stowe in 1792. They were the par- 
ents of eight children, viz. : Elizabeth, David, 
Samuel, George, Bebecca, Frederick, Joseph and 

Elizabeth, born May 8, 1785, married Jacob 
Shidler, and settled with her husband on a farm 
located on Daniels run, in West Bethlehem town- 
ship. She was the mother of five children — all 
sons, viz.: George, Adam, Samuel, Joseph and 
Jacob, all of whom are now dead or moved out of 
this State. George was a minister of the German 
Baptist denomination, but moved to the West 
many years ago. Joseph became a noted physi- 
cian, and practiced his profession in West Bethle- 
hem township, until his death. She and her hus- 
band were both members of the German Baptist 
Church, and the brick church on Daniels run, 
still in use by that society, was built on laud do- 
nated by her husband. 

David, born March 8, 1787, located on a portion 
of his father's homestead, and also purchased the 
Ludwig Praker farm adjoining, on which he lived 
the remainder of his life. He was twice married, 
his first wife being Mi^s Esther Shidler and his 
second Miss Bach el Garrett. He literrlly obeyed 
the Divine command " to multiply and replenish 



the earth," for he became the father of eighteen 
children. By his first wife he had ten. viz. : 
A. lam, Jr. , Barbara, Elizabeth, David, Jr., George, 
Henry, Hannah, Anne. John and Benjamin. By 
his second he had ei^'lit, x'v/.. : Amos, Jacob, Nicli 
olas, Isaac. Mary, Lydia, Maria and Isabel. Of 
this large family all arc now living but five, and 
the homes of the balance are scattered in four 
different States. He was a worthy member of tbe 
German Baptist denomination, and illustrated by 
life and example the teachings of the Divine 
Master whom he loved and served. Three of his 
sons, viz.: Adam. David and John, are ministers 
of the German Baptist Church, the latter being a 
bishop of that Society. Two of his grandsons are 
also in the ministry. 

Samuel, born August 1(1, 1789, married a Miss 
Shidler, a daughter of John Shidler. He tirst set 
tied on a farm near Hillsborough in West Bethle 
hem township, but subsequently removed to Knox 
county, Ohio. He had a large family of which 
nothing definite is now known to the writer. 

George, born November 13, 1791, married Miss 
Margaret Ulery, a daughter of Stephen Ulerv. of 
this county. He resided for several years near (he 

village of Hillsborough, but subsequently pur 
chased a large tract of land situated i'ii Ruff's 
creek in Greene county. Penn. . to which he re- 
moved. In his old age he disposed of this home 
stead and moved with his family to Marshall 
county, 111. He was the father of nine children, 
viz. : sons — Stephen, Jackson, Morgan and George 
A. ; daughters- Maria. Elizabeth, Isabel, Mar- 
garet C. and Matilda. Several of these are now 
dead, the balance reside in the West. He was a 
minister in the German Baptist Church, and for 
many years was pastor of the society of that name 
on Daniels run. He was not an educated man in 
the modern acceptation of that term, but his strong 
practical common sense, wise counsel and earnest 
piety made him an acceptable minister to his con- 

Rebecca, born November 20, 1795, married Peter 
Crumrine, who was a resident of Greene county, 
Penn. She was the mother of three children. She 
died at an early age, and her husband, having re- 
married, moved with his family to Knox county. 
Ohio. The writer knows nothing of the^ubsequent 
history of this family. 

Joseph, born May 22, 1797, married Miss Par- 
melia Barnard, and lived on the mill property here 
tofore spoken of. which he owned and operated for 
several years. About the year 1824 his brother, 
Frederick Wise, purchased a half interest in the 
mill property and it was operated by the brothers 
as joint owners until 1840, when it finally passed 
out, of the ownership of the Wise family. Joseph 
also purchased 165 acres of the original Wise tract 
from Andrew Wise, the son of Peter Wise, and re- 

sided thereon until his death. He was the father 
of nine children, viz.: sous — Solomon B., Morgan 
R. and Joseph Jr.; daughters Elizabeth. Mary. 
Emily and Rebecca (both dead), Maria and Bar 
bara. Of these Solomon B. and Morgan R. both 
reside in Arizona Territory. Morgan became a 
noted politician, having twice represented Greene 
county, Penn., in the Legislature, and was twice 
elected to Congress. Joseph Wise, Jr., inherited 
his father's homestead and still resides cm it, title 
to which has vested in the Wise family without a 
break in the succession for oue hundred and I went] 
two years. Joseph, Jr., married Miss Man Re} 
nolds, who was educated at Washington Female 
Seminary, and graduated therefrom in the class of 
L869. The daughters living are all married, and all 
reside in Pennsylvania. Joseph Wise, Sr., was a 
member and for man] years a ruling elder ill the 
Regular Baptist Church. He was a man of strong 
religious conviction and was always ready to de- 
fend the doctrines of his church, yet he was liberal 
and tolerant of the opinions of others, and had the 
respect and confidence of all. He died April 211. 
1873, and his mortal remains are interred in the 
graveyard on the old plantation. 

Solomon, born May 16, 1799, married Pamela 
Alexander for his first wife, and after her death he 
married Jane, her sister. He inherited the greater 
part of his father's homestead, which he sold in 
1854, and moved to Marshall county, 111., where 
he died. His children by his first wife were 
Sarah Jane, Alexander and Adam T.; by his 
second -Harriet, Emma, Leonidas and Hamlin. 
The latter died in infancy, the rest are living in the 
West. Solomon Wise was a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and was one of the origi 
nal members of the M. E. Society at Qlery's, or- 
ganized in IS 10. He was one of its first board of 
trustees, and was a zealous and liberal member of 
the church. 

Frederick, the fourth son of Adam Wise in the 
order of their ages, was born September 2, 1793. 
He married, September 4, 1817, Elizabeth Burson, 
a daughter of Edward and Elizabeth Burson (nee 
Blackledge), who were among the earliest settlers 
in what is now Greene couuty. They emigrated to 
this section from Bucks county, Penn., in 17S9, 
and settled on a farm near Clarksville, Penn.. 
where Mrs. Wise was born January 26, 1799. She 
had seven brothers — James, Thomas, David, Levi, 
Joseph, Isaac and Abraham — and two sisters — 
Sarah and Margaret. Of these, Thomas, Levi, 
Isaac and Abraham were citizens of Greene county, 
Penn. Thomas was a man of considerable ote, 
having held public offices of various kinds during 
forty-five years of his life. He twice represented 
Greene county in the Legislature, and served two 
terms as associate judge of the court. Isaac also 
served a term as associate judge. Abraham in- 



horited the family homestead, to which his son, 
James C, succeeded, it having been owned succes- 
sively by members of the family for one hundred 
and three years. James and David settled in Col- 
umbiana county, Ohio, and Joseph in Jefferson 
county, Ohio. Sarah became the wife of John 
Johnston, of Columbiana county, Ohio, and Mar 
garet married Joseph Burson, of Guernsey county, 

Mrs. Wise was a Quakeress by birth, and could 
trace her lineage through a long line of Quaker 
ancestry back to Joseph Burson, who came from 
London, England, to Philadelphia with William 
Peun's first colony of Quakers in 1681. Her 
great-great-grandmother was Mary Potts, an aunt 
of Isaac Potts, at whose house near Valley Forge 
Washington had his headquarters in the Revolu- 
tion. Frederick Wise, as before stated, was joint- 
owner with his brothor Joseph of the mill property, 
and in addition he owned about 120 acres of the 
original "Fishery" tract, having purchased it 
from his father, upon which he lived, and where 
his useful, honorable and blameless life closed in 
death, February 14, 1876, when he was aged 
eighty-two years five months twelve days. He was 
buried in the old Wise burying ground, already the 
last resting place of many of his own kith and kin. 
His beloved wife died December 23, 1879. and 
now sleeps by his side. She was aged eighty 
years ten mouths and twenty-seven days. Freder- 
ick Wise and his wife were both members of the 
German Baptist Church, of which he was an elder 
or deacon. He was of a quiet, peaceable disposi- 
tion, and was pre-eminently a peacemaker. He 
was frequently called upon to settle disputes 
among his neighbors, and especially among the 
membership of his church, and so great was the 
confidence reposed in his wisdom, justice and im- 
partiality, that his arbitrament generally proved 
satisfactory, and the blessing promised to the 
peacemaker by the Divine Master rested upon 
him, even during his life on earth. He was the 
father of four children, viz.: Adam, who died in 
infancy, Margaret, Emeline and Joseph B. 

Margaret was born October 2, 1818, became the 
wife of James C. Hawkins, March 24, 1836, and 
died January 15, 1892, less than one year after the 
death of her husband, with whom she had lived 
happily for fifty-five years. Her married life was 
spent on a farm in East Bethlehem township, 
Washington county. She and her husband were 
consistent members of the Bethlehem Baptist 
Church, in which faith she continued steadfast 
until her death. She possessed in an eminent de- 
gree the qualities which adorn womanhood. We 
quote the following tribute to her memory pub- 
lished at the time of her decease by a distinguished 
minister of the Baptist Church. "She was a 
woman of peace and great kindness of heart- F or 

many years her home was the home of her pastor, 
and she was faithful to her church even at the ex- 
pense of her comfort and health. She possessed 
those traits which endeared her to her family and 
neighbors, and led her to faithful service to her 
Master." She was the mother of seven children, 
viz.: Emma (now dead), who became the wife of 
Rev. J. L. Thompson; Dr. A. W. H. , who was a 
surgeon in the United States navy, died unmarried; 
Alexander L., who married Miss Cynthia Green 
field (he served in the United States army as captain 
during the war of the Rebellion, and is now colonel 
of the Tenth Regiment, N. G. P.); Cynthia is un- 
married; Elizabeth, now dead, became the wife of 
John Sargent; James R. married Miss Decima 
Addleman; William N. married Miss Ada Far 
quhar. All of these who are now living reside in 
Washington county. 

Emeline, born November 28, 1820, became the 
wife of Richard C. Hawkins, November 25, 1841, 
and resides on a farm near Jefferson, Greene Co., 
Penn. She and her husband are members of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church. She is the 
mother of eight children, viz. : Joseph W. , who 
married Miss Clariuda Bailey; James T. (now de- 
ceased), married to Miss Anna E. Greenlee; Mar 
garet V., married to William C. Bailey; Clara E. , 
married to William J. Bodley; Thomas H. , mar- 
ried to Miss Frances Bailey; William B. , married 
to Miss Mary Murdock; Samuel C, married to 
Miss Mary E. Grimes; Frederick W., deceased in 
infancy; all the survivors reside in Greene county, 
Penn. , except Clara, who lives in Wheeling, West 

Joseph B., born May 29, 1833, was married 
November 30, 1879, to Miss Sarah V. Stockdale, of 
Morris township, Greene Co., Penn. Her parents 
were William and Hannah Stockdale (nee Mc- 
Quaid), both of Washington Co., Penn. Her 
grandparents were James Stockdale, of Belfast, 
Ireland, and Mary Wier. of Morris township, 
Washington Co., Penn. Her brothers were Hon. 
Thomas R. Stockdale, now member of Congress 
from Mississippi; Hon. James Stockdale, of Balti- 
more. Md., deceased; Hon. John M. Stockdale, of 
Washington, Penn., and Robert Stockdale, Esq., 
of Mount Pleasant, Iowa. Her sisters were Mary, 
wife of Thaddeus Dodd, M. D., of Amity, Peun., 
and Isabel, wife of Blachley Lindley, of Morris 
township, Washington Co., Pennsylvania. 

Joseph B. Wise was educated at Greene Acad- 
emy and Waynesburgh College, Penn., at which 
institution his wife graduated in the class of 1854. 
He was engaged in teaching for ten years, and 
then turned his attention to farming and stock 
raising. He owns about two hundred acres of the 
original Fishery tract, a part of which he inherited 
from his father, on which he now resides. He is 
qow serving his third term as justice of the peace. 

ll'.l si I TNG TON COUNTY. 


He is the father of two children, viz. : William F., 
who graduated from Washington and Jefferson 
College in the class of 1SS:',. read law with Thomas 
C. Lazear, Esq. . of Pittsburgh, and is now a prac- 
ticing attorney in that city; Charles S., who grad- 
uated from Washington and Jefferson College in 
the class of 1888, and road law with David T. 
Watson, Esq., of Pittsburgh, where he is a prac 
I icing attorney with his brother. 

We here close the biography of the Wise family. 
\\ .■ regret its many omissions and imperfections, 
but we plead in extenuation the meagerness of 
our material. If any early records of the family 
Were kept, they are now lost, and we have been 

< jpelled to rely for our information on public 

documents and such family traditions as we be- 
lieve to be authentic. We regret that we could 
not give more in detail the history of the collateral 
branches of the family, but this the limited space 
at our command forbids. Our object has been to 
commemorate the dead rather than the living; to 
brush away the dust from a few noble old burial 
urns, in which repose the ashes of the founders of 

our family. Our aim has I n to exhibit the 

trunk and primary branches from which our family 
has sprung, so that the generations present and to 
come may attach their branches thereto, and thus 
keep alive and in vigorous growth the old family 
tree. In reviewing the history of our family, we 
find that they have been mostly plain, practical, 
common people — generally farmers. None of 
them " have stood the applause of listening sen 
ates to command," or "waded through slaughter 
to a throne," but some 'of them have honorablj 
rilled almost every position in life. Some have 
been representatives in Congress and in the Legis 
latures of their respective Stab's. Some have 
been editors, some physicians, some lawyer-, 
Some have been ministers of the Gospel of Christ, 
and some have stood as loyal soldiers on the battle 
fields of their country. None of them have been 
millionaires, but most of them have been well-to- 
do, and none so poor that they could not command 
their own time and lead an independent life. And 
best of all, none have ever lived an inebriate's life, 
or been convicted of an infamous crime. 

That the generations yet to be may emulate and 
excel those past and present, in all that constitutes 
the highest type of intellectual, moral and Chris 
thin manhood, is the wish of the author — Joseph B. 

,\ILLIAM A. PATTERSON, one of the 
leading merchants of Monongahela, is a 
son of Joseph, whose father was Jamas 
Patterson. The latter was born in 1790, 
in eastern Pennsylvania, where he grew 
to manhood, and was married to Mary Watt, who 
bore him twelve children. For his second wife he 

selected Miss Mary Swonger, and two children 
were born to their marriage. He came to Alle 
gheny county at a very early date, and was 
prominently identified with its early development. 
He voted with the Whig party, and in religious 
faith was a member of the United Presbyterian 
Church. The pioneer farm is yet owned by mem- 
bers of his family. 

Joseph Patterson, son of .lames and Mary (Watt) 
Patterson, was born May 28, 1828, near I'.uena 
Vista. Allegheny Co., Penn. , and was there reared 
to manhood. He assisted in the farm duties during 
early life, and when a young man married Rebecca, 
daughter of Col. -lames Scott, who, in his day, was 
a leading citizen of Allegheny county, and a pros 
perons stockman, Mr. Sooti possessed a gifted mind, 
and was a brilliant military officer, having served 
as colonel of the militia in the war of 1812, He 
was married in Allegheny county to Mar\ Van 
Kirk, who boie him the following children: Diana, 
wife of James Wykoff; Susan; John V.; Harvey; 
Samuel; Mary, wife of Samuel Van Kirk; Joseph; 
Rebecca (Mrs Patterson); William; Sarah,; James, 
and Isaac. Mr. Scott was a leading politician, and 
served in the State Legislature. In religious faith 
he was a member of and elder in the Presbyterian 

Joseph and Rebecca (Scott) Patterson resided 
on the home place for several years after their mar- 
riage. They then moved to Elizabeth, remaining 
there thirteen years, after which he purchased a 
farm in Nottingham township, this county. He 
sold out a few years later, and coming to Monon- 
gahela successfully conducted a grocery store for 
some time. He was a very prosperous business 
man, taking an active interest in politics, and was 
equally prominent in religious circles, having 
served as an elder in the Presbyterian Churches at 
Round Hill. Mingo, and Monongahela. He died 
in 1889, having reared the following children: 
James S. (deceased), William A. (whose name 
opens this sketch), Mary (wife of A. J. Yohe), 
Vivia (married to James Stewart), and Vernie P. 
(wife of Frank Bebout). 

William A. Patterson was born August 22, 1853, 
near Suiter Station, Allegheny Co., Penn. , and at the 
age of seventeen years came to Washington county. 
He attended the public schools, and the Southwest- 
ern State Normal School at California, Penn., after- 
ward graduating from Duff's Business College, 
Pittsburgh, Penn. Upon leaving college he entered 
the employ of the P. V. & C. R. R. as ticket agent 
at Houston's Run, remaining there but one year. 
He then embarked in mercantile enterprises and 
formed a partnership with his father in the grocery 
store, finally taking a trip to southwestern Arkan- 
sas, where he purchased a sheep ranch. One year 
later he returned to Monongahela, Penn., and 
opened a furniture store at the stand formerly 



occupied by Swickard's shoe business. Soon after- 
ward he remodeled and took possession of his 
present place of business which is one of the finest 
stores in Monongahela. He carries a full line of 
furniture and undertaking goods, and enjoys a 
large amount of custom. In political opinion he 
is a wide awake Democrat, having served his party 
as a member of the council, and in religion is a 
member of the Presbyterian Church. He married, 
April 14, 1880, Belle, daughter of Ira Bebout, of 
Monongahela. Their children are Ada, Mary, 
Allie, William A. and Bertha. 

JfOHN WILSON, superintendent of Washing- 
ton County Home, located inChartiers town- 
| ship, was born September 15, 1844, in Hope 
well (now Independence) township, Washing- 
ton Co., Penn. He is a sou of Johu and 
Ellen (Murphy) Wilson, natives of County Down, 
Ireland, whence they emigrated in 1838 to Washing- 
ton county, Penn., settling on a farm in Hopewell 
township. Mr. Wilson owned a good farm, and 
followed agricultural pursuits until his death, 
which occurred in 1877, his wife surviving him 
untilJuly, 1878. They were the parents of three 
children: Mary M., wife of John Adamson, of 
Hopewell township; John; and Samuel, married 
and residing in California. 

John Wilson was reared in Independence town 
ship, and received his education in the district 
schools of the same. He commenced life as a 
farmer boy and continued to follow agriculture till 
1882. On April 22, 1875, he was married in Inde- 
pendence township, to Miss Lizzie A. Denny, a 
native of Washington county, daughter of Walter 
and Mary (Welch) Denny, also natives of this 
county. Mr. Denny is a farmer of Independence 
township, and has been a resident of Washington 
county all his life, the Denny family having settled 
here at a very early date. After his marriage Mr. 
Wilson located in Independence township, and in 
1877 removed to Hopewell township, where he 
remained till 1882. when he abandoned farming, 
and engaged in the Revenue service as storekeeper 
and gauger in the Twenty-second District of 
Pennsylvania, in which he continued till Decem- 
ber 1, 1885. He then embarked in general mer- 
chandising at West Middletown, this county, fol 
lowing this until his appointment as superintend- 
ent of the County Intirirjary, which took place in 
1891. To Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have been born 
two children: Annie G. and Mamie E. Mr. Wil- 
son and his wife are members of the U. P. Church 
at Washington. He has been identified with the 
county all his life, and takes an active interest in 
everything pertaining to the welfare of the com 

CHARLES BANFIELD. England has given 
to this country some of the most loyal, in- 
dustrious, enterprising and thrifty citizens, 
an excellent representative of such being 
the subject of this sketch, who by hard work, 
thrift and honorable dealings lias succeeded in ac- 
cumulating, from absolutely nothing, a comforta- 
ble competence. 

Mr. Banfield was born in Somersetshire in 1815, 
a son of Joseph and Mary (Cook) Banfield — the 
parents of twelve children, ten of whom grew to 
maturity, now all scattered; some came to America, 
one of whom lives in Johnstown, Penn., another in 
Belmont county, Ohio; Charles and John are in 
Washington county. While our subject was yet a 
child his parents took him to the Forest of Done, 
in Monmouthshire, England. His education was 
very limited, as we find him when but a lad of 
eight years acting in the capacity of "doorkeeper" 
at a coal mine, soon after which he commenced to 
work as a regular miner, digging from the bowels 
of the earth the black diamonds. In May, 1838, 
Mr. Banfield was married in England to Harriet 
Chevers, and in 1842 he set sail for the United 
States, landing in New York in the month of May, 
with his wife and one child. His little savings be- 
ing now gone, Mr. Banfield set about looking for 
work of any kind, and at last succeeded in secur- 
ing a job on a farm in Washington county, during 
the summer of 1842, his wages being 31^ cents 
per day. One of his hands being disabled through 
some cause, he had to do all the work with the 
other. In the fall of the year he returned to his 
old occupation of mining in Pittsburgh, receiving 
$1.10 per 100 bushels of coal. In 1846 he came 
to Chartiers township and bought a fifteen acre 
farm which he continued to work until 1868, when 
he moved into Am well township, where he lived un- 
til 1888, in which year he retired from the farm 
and came to the borough of Washington. Here he 
built himself an elegant residence, into which he 
moved in 1889. 

Eight children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Ban- 
field, of whom the following is a brief record: 
George died in England at the age of two years; 
Mary, born in England, is now the wife of Robert 
Thompson, of Houstonville, this county; John, 
Charles James, Joseph and George, all died young; 
one died in infancy, and Harriet Maria, "last, not 
least,'' the fifth in the family in the order of birth. 
She for many years, with true filial devotion, has 
taken care of her aged parents' home. The mother 
for the past twenty years has been in feeble health. 
In politics Mr. Banfield is independent; he has 
held various township offices, such as superintend- 
ent of the school board. He is a man of advanced 
ideas, gifted with a good mind coupled with sound 
judgment, and on a foundation laid with hardships 


and cares be has built a record that places him 
among the most successful rneu in Washington 

county, in which success he has been from the out- 
set assisted by a good, sensible, faithful wife. 

I OHN IRVIN, one of the prominent and most 
. I successful native-born agriculturists of Bast 
fli Finley township, was born August 1. 1835 
He is the only living descendant of Francis 
Irvin, a native of Ireland, where he was born 
about the year .1780, and whence he emigrated to 
the United States a short time prior to the com- 
mencement of the present century. He landed at 
Philadelphia, where, after a brief sojourn he mar 
ried a Miss Hayney, of that city, whose parents 
had come from the Emerald Isle. Francis Irvin 
then moved, with his young wife, westward to 
Washington county, this State, where, for a time, 
he made his residence near the village of Cross 
Creek; later came to East Finley township, set- 
ling near the headwaters of Wheeling creek, being 
one 'if the pioneers of that section. Here, with 
his own hands, he hewed for himself a home nil 
of what was then a vast wilderness, and when' are 
uow fertile fields and fruitful valleys. To this 

honored pi er couple were born the following 

named children: Andrew, Nancy, William, James, 
.Margaret, Sarah and Franklin, all now deceased 
except Sarah, who is at present living in Adams 
county, 111. In 1837 Francis Irvin moved from 
Washington county to Adams county, 111., accom- 
panied by his wife and all his children except two, 
Andrew (who afterward migrated to Licking 
county, Ohio) and James, the entire journey being 
made in wagons, and here the grandmother died 
in 1848, and the grandfather in 1849. 

James Irvin, father of subject, was born 
about 1800 in Washington county, Penn., 
where he was married to Martha Harvey, daugh- 
ter of James Harvey, of West Finley township, 
this county, and to their union were born children 
as follows: Elizabeth Ann, married to S. N. Far 
rabee, and died in 1855; John; Martha and 
James (both deceased in infancy). The father 
was called from earth March 21, 1850, the mother 
having passed away October 11, 1839. Mr. Irvin, 
in 1835, purchased the property which our subject 
now owns and resides on, in East Finley township, 
where he carried on general farming with consid 
erable success; he was an extensive cattle dealer 
and drover, and frequently had driven cattle from 
Illinois (where he had purchased them) to the 
Philadelphia (Penn.) market. 

John Irvin, the subject proper of these lines, 
was born in East Finley township, passed his boy- 
hood and youth on his father's farm, and, being 
the only son, his duties were of necessity by no 
means light, and but little time could be spared 

for school training. His mother died when L 
was four years old, and his father's sister, Marga 
ret, took charge of the house. After the deabh of 
his father Mr. Irvin took an extensive trip through 
the States of Iowa and Illinois, at that time in- 
cluded in the "Far West," his journey ings occupy- 
ing over a year's time. On his return to Wash- 
ington county he again took ap farming, aud, in 
connection therewith, engaged extensively in the 
buying, raising aud selling of live? stock. On June 
29, 1859, lie was united in marriage with Eliza- 
beth Ann Blayney, of West Finley township, who 
was born November 17, 1842. and this union has 
been blessed with the following children: James 
H., born June 2'.). I Still, at present managing Ins 
father's farm; William M., born May 15, 1802, 
died August 7, 18S5; Martha Jane, born Septem- 
ber 11. 1804, married to Jesse Montgomery, of 
East Finley township; Mary M., born September 
11, 1866, married to R. A. Marshall, also of Bast 
Finley township; Ada L., born December 19, 1869, 
living at home; Jonathan or "Johnnie," born De- 
cember 15, 1872, died March 21. 1873; Cad B., 
born June 10, 1874, died August 27, 1882; Har 
ve\, born February 1, 1877; Charles O., born 
April 28. 1880, and John, born January 25, L883, 
all three living at home. Soon after his marriage 
Mr. Irvin took up his residence on the old home 
farm, where he has since resided, carrying on gen 
eral agriculture, including stock raising and deal 
ing in wool, but is now retired from active work, 
his farm being managed under his personal direc- 
tion. Politically, he is prominently identified 
with the Republican party; he and his wife are 
consistent members of the Cumberland Presbyte- 
rian Church at Old Concord, in Morris township. 

Jli W. KIMMONS, a leading citizen of West 
l\ Alexander, and a well known justice of the 
4\ peace for that borough, is a native of Wash- 
-* ington county, Penn., having first seen the 
light in West Finley township, September 
20, 1829. He comes of vigorous Scotch-Irish 
lineage, his grandfather, John Kimmons, having 
shortly after his marriage emigrated from his na- 
tive Erin to the shores of Columbia, settling on a 
farm in East Finley township, this county, at a 
very early day. The children born to this pioneer 
were John, Thomas, Samuel, Andrew and Anna 
j (Mrs. Samuel McCoy). The tract of land Mr. 
Kimmons settled on was then all wild wood land, 
and this he and his family largely improved. Here 
he died, full of years and honor, a devout mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church, and a stanch 
Whig in politics. 

Samuel Kimmons, father of the subject of these 
lines, was also a native of East Finley township, 
born May 4, 1790, aud was there reared to agri- 


ultural pursuits, his education being received at 
the subscription schools of the period. In 1813 
he was married to Eleanor Boss, who was born 
November 11, 1790, in New Jersey, and they then 
settled down to a co-partnership life on a farm 
situated in West Finley township, near the village 
of Good Intent. Here they remained until 1837, 
when they moved to Marshall county, W.Va., and 
there died, the father February 21, 1875, and the 
mother February 10, 1880. They were members 
of the Presbyterian Church, of which he was 
trustee, and his political preferences were Demo- 
cratic until 1861, when he donned the Republican 
toga. He was a very popular man, and was fre- 
quently called to offices of trust and responsibility 
by his fellow-citizens. The children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Samuel Kimmons were as follows: Will- 
iam (deceased), Anna (wife of James Potter, of ! 
Adams county. 111.), Jane (wife of George Potter), 
Thomas (deceased), Deborah (deceased wife of 
Noah Trumbull), Abner (living in Dallas, W. Va.), 
A. W. (a resident of West Alexander) and Alfred 
(residing in Ohio county, W.Va.). 

A. W. Kimmons passed his early boyhood at the 
home of his birth, receiving his primary education 
at the schools of the district. When eight years 
old he accompanied his parents to Marshall county, 
W. Va., where he completed his education, and 
carried on farming until 1858, in which year, on 
March 25, he was united in marriage with N. J., 
daughter of Martin Armstrong, a nativeof Donegal 
township, this county, and the children born to this 
union were Laura M. (wife of W. A. McCausland), 
Carrie L. (wife of Theodore Henderson). Annie 
N., Minnie B. and Emma I. 

James Armstrong, father of Martin Armstrong 
(above mentioned), was a nativeof Ireland, whence 
while yet a young man he came to the United States, 
settling in Donegal township, Washington Co., 
Penn. , at a time when the country was entirely 
new. He married Margaret Martin, a native of 
Scotland, and reared a large family of children, as 
follows: Hugh, Mary, John, James, Joseph, David, 
Margaret (Mrs. Robert Stewart). Martin and Sam- 
uel. The father was one of the founders of the 
WCst Alexander Presbyterian Church, and was 
among the first trustees; politically he was an Old- 
line Whig, and at one time served the Government 
in the capacity of scout. Martin Armstrong, son 
of James, was reared to manhood in Donegal town- 
ship, receiving his education at the local schools. 
He was married to Margaret, daughter of Samuel 
Jameson, of Marshall county, W. Va. , and the 
young couple then settled on a farm in West Fin- 
ley township, this county, where they passed the 
remainder of their lives. They were consistent 
members of the Presbyterian Church, of which he 
was a trustee. In politics he was first a Whig, 
then a Republican, and was a prominent member 

of the school board. The children born to Mr. 
and Mrs. Martin Armstrong were Samuel, James, 
Mary M. (Mrs. O. P. Henderson), N. J. (Mrs. A. 
W. Kimmons), Thomas, Lura, Luther, Hattie N. 
(Mrs. John Kimmons), William J. (living in Lin- 
den, Kans.) and Chester, of whom Samuel, 
Thomas, Lura, Luther and Chester are now de- 
ceased. After marriage A. W. Kimmons settled 
on a farm in West Finley township, where he fol- 
lowed agricultural pursuits for twenty eight years; 
he then moved into the borough of Washington, 
remaining one and one half years, or until 1887, in 
which year he came to West Alexander, where he 
has since made his home. The family are all 
members of the Presbyterian Church, of which de- 
nomination at Dallas Mr. Kimmons had been an 
active adherent for twenty-five years. In his 
political preferences he is a straight Republican, 
and has served his township with much satisfac- 
tion in various offices of trust; in 1891 lie was 
elected a justice of the peace, a position he is till 
ing with eminent ability and sound judgment. 

Chrisfman was the pioneer of the Christ- 
man family in Washington county, Penn. 
He was a son of George Christman and 
Sarah, nee Beerbower, and was born Decern 
ber 27, 1S28, in Vincent township, Chester Co., 
Penn. His father passed from life in 1843, when 
the subject of our notice was under fifteen years of 
age, leaving a widow and two younger children, 
William Davis and Jefferson. The mother was left 
in circumstances which rendered it necessary for 
the elder boys to take care of themselves. 

Enos L. spent the summer of 1844 with an uncle, 
Jacob Beerbower, who kept a store in Brecknock 
township, Lancaster county, where he assisted in 
attending store and working on a farm. Iu the 
fall of that year he returned to his mother's home 
and attended the public school until February 10, 
1845, when he entered the office of the Village 
Record, at West Chester, Penn., and was appren 
ticed to the late Hon. Henry S. Evans, for five 
years, to learn the art, trade and mysteries of a 
printer. He was the successor as an apprentice iu 
that office, of Bayard Taylor, the great traveler; 
Hon. William Butler, judge of the United States 
district court, and of Edward M. Paxson, one of 
the supreme judges of Pennsylvania Here he 
served his master so satisfactorily that when the 
gold fever broke out all over the country, in 1849, 
Mr. Evans not only released him from serving the 
balance of his time as an apprentice, hut advanced 
him $400 in cash to go to California. This money 
was returned at the end of two years with a hand 
some percentage added. 

He sailed from Philadelphia on July 3, 1849, 

u AStilNGTON COt X/) 


in the good ship "Europe," Capt. Addison Plnin 
mer, passing mound Cape Horn, and stopping a 
month at Valparaiso, Ghili, to repair damages to the 
ship. The voyage was an eventful one, occup\inu r 
two hundred and twenty two days, ami landing Mr 
Christman in San Francisco in February, 1850. His 
face, like that of all others at that time, was turned 
toward the gold mines. After suffering many hard 
ships he was soon at work with pick, shovel and bowl, 
trashing the golden sands on the upper waters "t 
tie' Mariposa river. He met witli indifferent success 
as a miner, and in July. I Sol I, lie printed the first 
number of the Sonora Herald, at Stockton, and 
carried it to Sonora on horseback, where it was cir- 
culated at 50 cents per copy. A printing office 
was soon established in a tent in Sonora, and a lit- 
tle later he entered into partnership with Dr. Lewis 
0. (iiuiin, formerly of Philadelphia, and the paper 
was published regularly for several years. After 
roughing it in the Golden State until the fall of 
1852, Mr. Christmas returned lo West Chester, 
Penn., where be married Miss Ellen A. Martin, a 

native of Philadelphia, whose mother dying when 

she was a little child, the daughter was taken to 
West Chester, and raised in the family of the late 
Capt. William Apple, her uncle, as one of their 
own children. 

In November. 185*2, Mr. Christman. with his 
wife, came to Washington, Penn., and he purchased 
a half interest in the Commonwealth newspaper, 
and entered into partnership with George C. 
Stouch, a former fellow-apprentice in the Village 
Record office. The paper had been started by 
Seth T. Hurd. This partnership continued until 
the death of Mr. Stouch; in December. 1855. The 
Hon. William S. Moore subsequently became a 
partner with Mr. Christman in the publication of 
the paper, but owing to the disintegration of the 
Whig party, which cause it had espoused, and the 
formation of new political parties, the paper be- 
came embarrassed, and early in 1858 it was con 
solidated with the Reporter, then, as now, the old- 
est paper in Washington county. After the eon 
solidation, without disposing of his interest in the 
paper, Mr. Christman returned to West Chester, 
where he was employed by his old master. Mr. 
Evans, as foreman in the Village Record office. 
Here ho remained until the Rebellion of the slave 
holders broke out, when he promptly enlisted, in 
the latter part of May, 1861, and became second 
lieutenant of Company K, Fourth Regiment Penn- 
sylvania Reserve Volunteer Corps. With this 
body he served in the field until May, 1863, when 
he was appointed, by President Lincoln, provost- 
marshal of the Seventh District of Pennsylvania, 
embracing Chester and Delaware counties, with 
headquarters at West Chester, tilling the position 
until the close of the war. being discharged No- 
vember 30, 1865. While in the field he partici- 

pated in the battles in front of Richmond (known 
as the Seven Days' tight), the second Bull Run, 
South Mountain. Antietam and Fredericksburg, 
and was promoted first to captain and then to ma 
jor of the fourth Regiment. It is a curious coin 
cidence that the three brothers, all in different 
commands, were almost Bide by side in the bloodj 
battle of Antietam. Enos L. was under Gen. 
Meade, in front of the cornfield to the left of the 
pike; William Davis was a lieutenant in the One 
Hundred and Twenty fourth Regiment, adjoining 
the Reserves on the right, and near to the Dunk 
ard church, while Jefferson was in the Seventj 
second Regiment, lighting on the left of the Re 


At the close of the war Mr. Christman moved 
with his family to Somerset county. Mel., where he 
engaged in farming and the timber business 
Not succeeding up to the standard of his desires, 
he returned to West Chester and became assistant 
editor with Mr. Edward 15. Moore, in the publi 
cation of the American Republican. In 1872 Hon. 
William S. Moore, his old partner in the Wash 
ington Reporter, having been elected to Congress, 
was very anxious i hat Mr. Christman should return 
to Washington and resume his place iii the printing 
office. This was agreed upon, and on April '2. 
1ST'!. Mr. ('hristman returned to Washington, 
after an absence of fifteen years, and took charge 
of the publication of the Reporter during Mr. 
Moore's absence at the national capital. In Au- 
gust. 1876, the first number of the Daily Reporter 
was issued. Shortly after this Mr. Moore died, and 
his interest in the paper passed into the hands of 
Alex. M (low, Esq. In January. 1883, Mr. 
('hristman purchased the interest of Mr. Gow, and 
became sole proprietor of the paper. He had now 
a family of eight sons and daughters around him, 
and in March, 1891, the Christman Publishing 
Company was chartered, being a family concern as 
the name indicates. At this time Mr. Christman' s 
health failed, and since then he has had but little 
to do with the practical publication of the paper, 
the company, under the leadership of his son 
William, managing it vigorously and successfully. 

The children of this family were: Mary Elizabeth, 
died in infancy ; Sarah, married to Charles M. Hayes, 
and has two sons, Harry and Clyde; Elizabeth and 
Ella; William, married to Miss Fannie M. Morgan, 
deceased in 1801 , having three children, Howard L., 
Frank and Herbert; George, baggage master, 
B. & O. R. It. ; Henry, married to Miss Lena 
Fleissner, and has one daughter, Nellie; Edwin 
A., married to Mrs. Maggie Frazier, and has two 
children, Roy and Hazel; Charles F., married to 
Miss Clara F. Neff. All are residents at this time 
(1892) of Washington, Penn. 

Mr. Christman's youngest brother, Jefferson, 
learned the printing business in the office of the 



( Commonwealth and subsequently settled in Phila- 
delphia. After serving three years in the Seventy- 
second Regiment, he took a situation in the Public 
Ledger office, where he has been employed as a 
compositor for many years. He married Miss 
Maggie Powers, and they have four daughters, 
two of whom are married — Lillie, to Morris Naylor, 
and Ida, to Harry Conaway. William Davis, the 
other brother, after following the mercantile busi- 
ness for many years in Chester county, removed to 
Washington and took a position in the Reporter 
office. He married Miss Zilpha A. Maxton. They 
have two sons living, Dr. Percy, a successful phy- 
sician at Washington, and Frederick B. , engaged 
in the printing business in Chicago. An only 
daughter, Cora, died in young womanhood, at West 
Chester, in 1879. 

John Reerbower was the father of Sarah Beer- 
bower, wife of George Christman. He was born 
in Vincent township, Chester Co., Penn., March 
10, 1779, and died in East Vincent township, Oc- 
tober 20, 1858. He was a carpenter and farmer, 
and was many years a justice of the peace. He 
was commissioned, by Gov. Simon Snyder, as cap- 
tain of a company of militia in the First Brigade 
of the Third Division of the counties of Chester 
and Delaware, on August 1, 1814, and served a 
tour of duty during the war of that time with 
Great Britain. His wife was Elizabeth Fertig, 
who was born July 20, 1784, and died March 29, 
1828. They are buried at (Brownback's) First 
Reformed church of Coventry. This church was ! 
organized in 1743. Herman Bierbauer was the [ 
father of John Beerbower. He was born in Ger- 
many, July 16, 1741, came to America when a 
young man, died December 29, 1801, and is buried 
at the old Hill church, on the Ridge road, in East 
Pikeland township, Chester county. His tomb- 
stone is lettered in German. His wife was Chris 
tiana Hoffman. She was born October 7, 1747. 
and died February 7, 1826. 

The ancestors of the Christmans were Germans. 
The Colonial records of Pennsylvania show that 
between the years 1730 and 1771, eleven Christ 
mans, several with families, landed at Philadel- 
phia and swore allegiance to King George II. 
This record states that: "Daniel Christman ar- 
rived at Philadelphia September 5, 1730, with 
forty-five palatines and their families, 130 persons 
in all, in the ship 'Alexander and Ann.' William 
Clymer, Master, from Rotterdam, last from Cowes." 
Daniel subsequently settled in Worcester town- 
ship, now Montgomery county, and in 1734 paid 
quit rents in that township. He had five sons 
and one daughter. Felix, the oldest son, was 
born in Germany, the other children in Pennsyl- 
vania, viz. : Henry, George, John, Jacob and 
Magdalene. Of these Felix, Henry, George and 

Magdalene settled in Vincent township, Chester 
county, previous to the Revolutionary war. Felix, 
when an old man, was found dead in shallow 
water, in Birch run, near his home. He was a 
blacksmith. Henry was a saddler and George a 
miller and millwright. 

Henry Christman, the saddler, was born in 
Montgomery county, Penn., December 2D, 1744, 
and settled in Vincent township, Chester county, 
as above stated, where he became the owner of a 
large tract of land, situated on French creek. 
Here he lived during the Revolutionary war, and 
it is handed down as a tradition that he did con- 
siderable hauling for the patriots at that time. It 
is also said that his tine, heavy draught horses 
were sometimes hidden in the thick bushes along 
the creek to prevent them from being seized by 
the British, who ranged through that neighbor- 
hood while Washington was at Valley Forge. On 
one occasion he traded a barrel of whisky, being 
a distiller, and a set of heavy wagon harness for 
forty acres of land, which afterward became valu 
able He died September 16, 1823, and is buried 
in the family burial plot at Zion's church, in East 
Pikeland, Chester county. He married Susanna 
Keeley, who was born February 25, 1750. She 
died September 19, 1823, only three days after the 
decease of her husband, and is buried by his side. 
This couple had three sons — Henry, Jacob and 
George; and six daughters who grew to woman- 
hood — Madeline, married to John Young; Cath- 
erine, married to John Miller; Margaret, married 
to Isaac Hanse; Elizabeth, married to Peter Yea- 
ger;Mary, married to Jacob Finkbiner and Fred- 
erick Yost; and Susanna, married to Frederick 

George, the younger of the brothers, married 
Elizabeth Brownback, and lived on the old home 
stead on French creek until his death. He was 
born May '•». 1793, and died January 17, 18(36. 
His wife was born January 5, 1793, and died 
March 19, 1870, of gangrene after having a foot 
amputated The old homestead with its many 
acres is still in possession of the family. 

Jacob, the next older brother, was born May 5, 
1 7SS, and died March 2, 1871. He married Mar- 
garet Evans, who was born December 13, 1791, 
and died April 1. 1862. They lived on a farm of 
about 300 acres adjoining the old homestead. 
They had four children: Elizabeth, married to 
Jesse Brownback; Susanna; Jacob, married to Miss 
Hannah Worman, and Henry E., married to Miss 
Martha Christman. The last named retain the 
farm owned by the father. 

Henry Christman, the eldest of these brothers, 
was born March 14, 1779, and died August 12, 
1804. On February 26, 1806, he married Elenor 
Root, daughter of Sebastian Root. She was horn 



April 10, 1787, ami died August 19, 1854, while 
on a visit to her daughter, Margaret Buckwalter, 
at Parker's Ford, in Chester county. They lived 
on a large farm adjoining the old Christman home 
stead as well as that of the brother Jacob. These 
brothers were all Stout, able bodied men, of good 
height and build. They were successful farmers 
and distillers, and in their early days sold many a 
barrel and tierce of first quality apple whisky in 
the Philadelphia market. Henry was also the 
owner of an oil mill, which, about the year 1835 
he converted into a flour mill. This with the farm 

ln> retained until his death. He was commissi d 

lieutenant- colonel in the First Brigade in tie' 
militia of Delaware and Chester counties, by Gov, 
Simon Snyder, and served a tour of duty in the 
war of 1812-14 with Great Britain. to this 
couple was born a large family: George, February 
10, 1807; Sarah, February 11, 1809; Susanna', 
March 24, 1811; Henry, August Pi. 1813; Call. 
arine. September 22, 1816; Eliza, October I, ISIS; 
Elenor, April 10, L821; Maria, February Id. 1823; 
and Margaret, November- HI, 1821. Of these 
Sarah and Eliza died in childhood; Margaret mar 
lied Isaac Buckwalter, and died January 16, 1885, 
leaving two daughters; Catharine married Isaac 
Shantz, ami died July 28, L866, leaving two chil 
dren, a son and daughter; Susanna married Mi- 
chael March, and died April P.), 1891, leaving to sur 
vive her two hoiis, Franklin and Jefferson, and 
two daughters, Mrs. Ellen Brownbaclc and Mi 
Emma Miller; Maria married Abraham Penn\ 
packer (she survives her husband and has four 
sons living); Elenor resides with this sister; 
Henry died suddenly July 24, 1865, and was un 

George, the first born of Henry and Elenor 
Christman, spent his childhood under his father's 
roof.' At the age of twenty-one, December 23, 
1827, he married Miss Sarah Beerbower, and con- 
tinued in the service of his father as farmer and 
teamster until 1835, when he moved to the Seven 
Stars tavern on the Ridge road, in East Vincent 
township, less than a mile from where he was 
born. The farm connected with the tavern was 
worn out and nearly fenceless. He worked hard, 
and soon had things greatly improved in appear- 
ance, building an addition to the house. In the 
fall of 1843, after a prolonged illness, he died of 
fever, in his thirty seventh year. He was a tall, 
angular man with dark hair and eyes. His widow 
subsequently married Henry Huzzard, and died 
April 27, 18(53, in the fifty-sixth year of her 

All the earlier Christmans were Lutherans, and 
their names are found in the church records of 
that denomination in Chester and Montgomery 

1/ 1\ of which this gentleman was a worthy rep 
r^4, resentative claim their descent from Scot 
11 -* tish ancestry: Andrew Ritchie, grandfather 
of Andrew S., was a Revolutionary soldier, 
and at the close of war came to Cross Creek town- 
ship, settling on a wild tract of laud on Midler's 
run. In 1796 he purchased from Ephrairn Hart 
the farm still owned by the Ritchie family, situ 
ated about a mile from Cross Creek village. His 
wife died fn 1834, aged seventy nine years, and 
himself at the advanced age of eighty five, four 
\ ears later. 

James Ritchie, his son, was born in 1789, and 
received his education at the subscription schools 
of the neighborhood. In 1826 Or 1827 he married 

Matilda, daughter of Robert Rowland, a member 
of an old Washington county family. .lames 
Ritchie was a man six feet three inches in height 
and almost perfect in physique. In politics he 
was an Old line Democrat, and a substantial sup 
porter of the Presbyterian Church under the guid 
ance of Dr. John Stockton. They had two chil 
dren: Andrew S.. and a daughter who died in in 
fancy. He died in 1834, aged forty live, from 
cholera contracted at Pittsburgh, Penn. His 
widow married James Thompson, by which union 

she had one child R. B. Thompson a prominent 
cil izen of West Middletown. 

\ndrew S. Ritchie was born, December 1(1, 1828, 
and reared at West Middletown. When he had 
completed his rudimentary education in the schools 
of his district, he entered the Florence Acadenn 
and then Washington College, where he graduated 
in 1849, dividing first honor with three others 
He commenced the study of law under T. M. T. 
MeKcnnan and after his death continued study 
with Hon. William Mclvennan, being admitted to 
the bar in 1852. He never practiced his profession, 
however, and spent the next few years in teaching. 
In 1805 he accepted the position of paying teller 
in the First National Bank of Washington, Penn., 
which position he Idled until 1890, wheu he was 
compelled to resign on account of failing health. 
During the twenty-five years of his connection 
with the bank he performed his duties ably and 
faithfully, so that he enjoyed the entire confidence 
of the board of directors and the community in 
which ho lived. For many years he was a very 
active member of the board of trustees in the 
Washington Female Seminary and also of Wash- 
ington and Jefferson College. On September 10, 
1851, Mr. Ritchie married Jane, daughter of 
James McFadden, of West Middletown. and they 
had four children, viz.: James McFadden, res id 
ing at Sewickley, Penn. (auditor for the H. C. 
Frick Coke Co., married to Nannie Doyle in 1884. 
They have one child, Charles Lothrope); Charles 



Stewart (assistant cashier of the First National 
Bank of Washington); Annie C. (the wife of Mr. 
Owen Murphy, a prominent operator in the Wash 
ington and Sistersville oil fields), and William 
Bowland (paying teller of the First National Bank) 
Mr. Andrew S. Ritchie was a Whig, but later a 
Republican, and his sons are all Republicans. He 
died, December 10, 1892, of paralysis, from which 
disease he had been suffering for two years. He 
was a member of the First M. E. Church, was 
loved by a wide circle of friends and relatives, and 
was respected by all who knew him. 

the leading representative families of Wash- 
) ington county none are more worthy of spe- 
cial mention in this volume than the one of 
which the gentlemen, whose name opens this 
sketch, is an honored member. 

James J. Van Email is a son of Samuel Logan 
and Martha (McConnell) Van Eman, both natives 
of Washington county, Peun. The paternal great- 
great-grandfather, Nicholas Van Eman, who was a 
Hollander, was married to Mary Wilson, and their 
children were George, Nicholas, Andrew, Garrett, 
Katie, Polly, Susan and Hannah. Of these, George 
was born September 12, 1753, in Holland, whence 
he emigrated to America, finally making a new 
home in Washington county, Penn., as one of the 
pioneers of North Strabane township, the place of 
his settlement being a farm near Clokeyville, now 
owned by Joseph Clokey. He married Rebecca 
Scott, and they had children as follows: Nicholas, 
George (a minister), Scott, Jane, Andrew, Rebecca, 
Elizabeth, Joseph, Garrett, William, Sarah, Abra- 
ham and Hannah. The father of this family re- 
moved to Stark county, Ohio, in 1810. 

Joseph Van Eman, son of George and Rebecca 
(Scott) Van Eman, was born December 12, 1790, 
in North Strabane township, this county. When 
he reached maturity he left the paternal roof and 
located on a farm (now owned by Thomas Slater) 
in Cecil township, same county, which he after 
ward sold, and then, in 1818, bought one near 
where is now Vau Eman station on Chartiers 
Railroad, in the same township, and here passed 
the remainder of his days. On February 28, 
181 1, he married Miss Isabel Logan, and the chil- 
dren born to them were Rebecca (married to John 
Johnson), James (deceased in infancy), Samuel L 
(father of our subject), Joseph (married to Sarah 
Lee), Mary (married to Samuel Alexander), George 
(a minister, married to a Miss Bowers), Cyras (who 
died when young), Margaret (married to Israel Be 
bout), Logan (who married Jane Vance) and Sarah 
(wife of Samuel Bebout). The mother of this fam- 
ily was called from earth May 21, 1870, the father 
in 1875. They were members of the Centre Pres 

byterian Church in Peters township, in which for 
forty years he was a ruling elder. He was a man 
of superior mind, and of more than ordinary intel- 
ligence and executive ability. He was a director 
of the poor of Washington county, executor and 
trustee for many estates, and enjoyed the fullest 
confidence and highest respect of the community 
at large. 

Samuel Logan Van Eman, son of Joseph and 
Isabel (Logan) Van Eman, was born July 20, 
1816, on his father's farm in Cecil township, this 
county. On September 28, 1847, he married 
Martha McConnell, also a native of Cecil township, 
born in 1826 to James and Sarah (Phillips) Mc 
Connell, both natives of Washington county, the 
former of whom was a son of Alexander McCon 
nell, who emigrated with his father from Scotland 
or the North of Ireland to Cecil township, this 
county, where both patented laud; and the farm 
which Alexander secured has never been out of the 
family, being now in the possession of his great- 
grandson, John P. McConnell. To Samuel L. and 
Martha (McConnell) Van Eman were born children 
as follows: James J. (our subject); Belle M. , born 
in 1850, married to John N. Brown, son of Rev. A. 
B. Brown, D. D., at one time president of Jeffer 
son College; Sadie- E. (unmarried), and Joseph 
Scott (deceased in infancy). The father of this 
family died October 11, 1891, the mother is still 
living. They were members or the Centre Presby 
terian Church, Peters township, in which he served 
as a ruling elder for thirty-five years; upright and 
honorable in all his dealings, and, like his father, 
executor and trustee for several estates, he was re- 
spected and esteemed far and wide. 

James Johnson Van Eman was born August 31, 
1848, on the old homestead in North Strabane 
township, this county (near Van Eman station), 
and received his education at the common schools 
of his district and at au academy at Elder's Ridge, 
Indiana Co. , Penn., completing his literary train 
ing with a course of study at Washington and Jef- 
ferson College. On leaving the latter institution 
he took up and continued work on his father's 
■ farm — chiefly buying and selling stock — till his 
marriage, February 9, 1871, with Miss Maggie 
Espy, when he opened a store in Thompsonville. 
Peters township. This he carried on six years, at 
the end of which time, finding his health becoming 
impaired, he returned to the farm. Five years 
later he went to Pittsburgh, where for two years he 
had a store for the sale of agricultural implements, 
on leaving which he came to Canonsburg and 
established his present hardware store, tin and 
steel roofing establishment, now one of the most 
extensive businesses in this part of the county. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Van Eman have been born six 
children, viz. : M. Etta, Samuel Logan, M. Maude, 
Nellie, John Espy and James Jay. Mrs. Van 



Email was born in Upper St. Clair townsbip, 
Allegheny Co., Penn., a daughter of John (a fariu- 
eri and Margaret (Smith) Espy, both descended of 
Scotch ancestry. Mr. Van Etnan stands high 
among the leading business men of Washington 
enmity, and enjoys the esteem and respect of all 
who know him. lie and his wife are members of 
the Central Presbyterian Church, of which he is a 
deacon. Mr. Van Eman is mayor of Canonsburg. 
In politics he is a Republican. 

QEORGE 0. JONES is descended from a 
hardy and long lived English family. His 
paternal ancestor, Charles E. Jones, the son 
of an English army officer, was born near 
Leeds, England, in L799. He served an ap 
prenticeship al the carpenter's trade, and by hard 
work and frugal living saved enough to bring him to 
America, when' he came in IN'_'7. Before leaving 
he married Susan Judsou, who had a brother, 
Robert Judson, living near Washington, Penn. 
Here Mr. Jones came, and liking the new country 
immediately sent for his wife and children to fol 
low him. He purchased a lol and built his home 
on North Main street, where the Jones homestead, 
in a more modern form, is now located. 

Charles E. and Susan Junes were the parents of 
ten children, two of whom died in infancy j William 
died in 1853; Sarah died in 1862; Susan died in 
in 1864, just six weeks after her marriage with 
William McClain; Mary married William Work 
man and resides at Washington; Jane, the widow 
of the late William H. Taylor, also lives at Wash- 
ington; James J. became a Methodist minister, but 
death cut short that which promised to be a brill- 
iant career (he died at Denver, Colo., in 1875, 
where he had gone in search of health); Sylvester F. 
also became a Methodist minister, and is at present 
pastor of Emmanuel Methodist Episcopal Church 
at Evauston, 111. Mrs. Jones died in 1871, at the 
age of seventy-one; her husband survived her until 
1883, when his long life of eighty-four years was 
brought to a close. 

George O. Jones, the youngest of the family, 
was born November 19, 1845, attended the Wash- 
ington public schools, and entered Washington 
College as a student; but the Civil war called him 
away from his studies, and on February 26, 1864, 
he enlisted in Company A, One Hundredth P. V. I. 
On the second day of the battle of the Wilderness, 
May 6, 1864, while making his way to the front, 
he was struck in the head by a minie-ball and fell 
unconscious to the ground. He was carried off the 
field for dead, his knapsack emptied of rations by 
W. H. Underwood, who thought George would have 
no further use for such things; but as a grave was 
being prepared, signs of life were discovered in 
him by Dr, Wishart, a surgeou of the One Hundred 

and Fortieth Regiment, and instead of being con- 
signed to the ground he was ordered to a hospital. 
As a memento of this incident, Mr. Jones still carries 
in his pocket a piece of skull bone, about the size "f 
a dime, which was extracted from the wound. 
After recovery, he returned to his company and 
served until the close of the war. He was mustered 
out of service on July 24, 1865. 

In January. L866, he resumed Ins studies at 
Washington ami Jefferson College and graduated 
from that institution in 1N6H. After graduating, he 
entered the law office of John L. Gow, Jr., as a 
law student, and was admitted to the bar of this 
county in August. 1871. In March, I873,he was com 
missioned a notary public, which office he has held 
ever since. At present he has the honor- of being 
the oldest notary public, in time of service, in the 
county. On May 1, 1 s 7 *_! . he married Mi>- Emma 
Kidd. daughter of William and Eliza Kidd. As a 
result of tiiis union, three children have been born, 
William lv. Susan J. and Alice E., all of whom 
are living. He is a member and past commander 
of I'ostXo. L20, G. A. R, Department of Pennsy] 
vauia. He and his family are members of the 
First Methodist Episcopal Church of Washington. 
He is also a trustee of this church. 

JiOEL TRUESDELL, of West Alexander, was 
bom October 17, 1822, in Claysville, Wash 
J ington Co., Penn., where the most of his 
boyhood was passed. The Truesdells are of 
English origin, and in their native country 
were generally engaged in merchandising. They 
emigrated to Connecticut in the early part of the 
eighteenth century. James Truesdell, the great- 
grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was a na- 
tive of Connecticut. He enlisted in the war of the 
Revolution, and died in the service. He had three 
sons, Samuel, James and Joel, of whom Joel was 
born in Connecticut in 1769, and was twice mar 
ried, his first wife beii g Mehetable Bradley, by 
whom he had five children, viz.: Clarissa, who be- 
came the wife of Seth Gaylord, of New Haven, 
Conn. ; Mabel, who became the wife of Ransom 
Brockett, of Bristol, Conn. ; and Josiah, Calvin 
and Abel. At the age of seventy-five years Joel 
Truesdell married, for his second wife, a most es- 
timable lady, Mrs. Sarah Plumb, who lived to be 
nearly one hundred years of age. Politically, he 
was a Demoorat, was for many years a justice of 
the peace, and for several years a leading member 
of the Connecticut Legislature. He was one of the 
original stockholders and directors in the bank of 
Waterbury, Conn. While agricultural pursuits 
were his chief life vocation, he also engaged in a 
number of other lines of business, and was always 
regarded as a valuable counselor, and altogether a 
very enterprising man, much respected for his 



excellence of character, gentleness and kindness of 
disposition, and politeness of manner. He died in 
the year 1856, having been a lifelong member of 
the Baptist Church. 

Josiah Truesdell, the eldest son of the above, 
was born July 28, 1790, in Bristol, Conn., where 
he had the advantages of a superior education. In 
1820 he came to Washington county, Penn., and 
after a year's residence there he returned to his 
native State, and on August 21, 1821, was married 
to Mary, daughter of Daniel Tut tie, a member of 
one of the oldest of Connecticut families. The 
children of this union were: Joel, Luther C. (a 
resident of Claysville), and Sarah M., the wife of 
T. C. Noble. 

Daniel Tuttle, the father of Mary Tuttle, was born 
near New Haven, Conn., and was a son of Samuel 
Tuttle, a direct descendant of William Tuttle, and 
Elizabeth, his wife, who sailed from Wales in the 
ship "Planter," and after a voyage of ten weeks 
landed in Boston, July 1, 1635. William Tuttle 
was one of the founders aud original proprietors of 
the city of New Haven, and owned the present 
site of Yale College. His descendants were lead- 
ing factors in establishing and building up the 
college at New Haven, and include many of the 
besl known names and families of New England, 
amongst them being the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Ed- 
wards, the theologian and president of Princeton 
College; Rev. Dr. Timothy Dwight, president of 
Yale College. Seth Thomas, who became so 
widely known by his extensive clock manufactories, 
was reared in Mrs. Truesdell's father's family, his 
wife being her full cousin. Mrs. Truesdell died 
January 30, 1876. 

In the year 1821 Mr. Truesdell located in Clays- 
ville, and entered into partnership with his brother 
Calvin. At the end of eight years the partnership 
was dissolved, and Calvin removed to Wheeling. 
W, Va., where he 1 engaged in the wholesale dry 
goods business at the corner of Twelfth and Main 
streets, Josiah being a partner in the same busi 
ness. About the year 1834, Calvin removed to 
Licking county, Ohio, where he engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. He was a delegate to the con- 
vention which nominated William Henry Harrison 
for the Presidency in 1836. In 1838 he went to 
Lake county, 111., where he resided until the time 
of his death, which occurred in the spring of 1887, 
when he was in his ninety-second year. His son, 
Morgan, was a leading citizen of Lake county, 111., 
having held the offices of recorder of deeds anil 
mortgages, aud also clerk of the courts. His 
grandson, Gaylord Sankston Truesdell, is a well- 
known American artist abroad, having resided for 
the past five years in Paris. He recently contrib- 
uted a picture to the Corcoran Art Gallery at 
Washington, D. C which has elicited a great deal 
of admiration. Josiah Truesdell and his wife were 

ardent Presbyterians, and the present house of 
worship, which was erected in the year 1830, and 
which has been used by the Presbyterian congrega- 
tion at Claysville for the past sixty- two years, was 
erected mainly through the combined efforts of Mr. 
Truesdell aud Rev. Thomas Hoge, the first pastor 
of that congregation, and who. during his ministry 
at Claysville, was a resident of Washington; Mr. 
Hoge agreeing to furnish one-third of the funds 
necessary to erect the building, on condition that 
Mr. Truesdell furnish the two thirds — a proposi- 
tion which was fulfilled on the part of both, each 
giving liberally of his own means. While they 
lived there was the warmest friendship existing 
between Mr. Hoge and Mr. Truesdell. 

Mr. Truesdell was an enthusiastic admirer of 
John Quincy Adams, and gave one of the only two 
votes that were cast for him in Donegal township 
on the occasion of his candidacy for the Presidency. 
He was an enterprising man, ever having the in- 
terests of his borough, township and county at 
heart. In school matters he was very aggressive 
as a champion for a better and more advanced 
system of education. He died November 3, 1830, 
from injuries sustained by jumping from a stage 
coach while descending the hill, just immediately 
west of West Alexander on the National pike, near 
the West Virginia line. He was thus early cut off 
in the prime and usefulness of his life, and no one, 
perhaps, who has been a resident of that section, 
died more deeply lamented. 

Joel Truesdell, the subject proper of this mem- 
oir, received his education partly in the schools of 
his native place, and partly in the select schools of 
Wheeling, taught at the time by Mr. Ezekiel 
Hildreth. father of the late Eugene Hildreth, M. 
D., and Prof. George B. Gow, a relative of the 
Hon. John L. Gow, late of Washington, Penn. 
In 1838 he entered the employ of Wilson & Humes, 
in Claysville. for whom he worked eight years, 
when he removed to West Alexander, and con- 
tinued in the employ of Mr. George Wilson, 
senior member of the above mentioned firm, until 
1852, in which year he embarked in business on 
his own account in that place. This venture proved 
a decided success under his superior energy and 
management, and he not only conducted a general 
store with an endless variety of stock, but also 
dealt largely in wool. In 1870 he retired from 
active business and has since been engaged in 
various other enterprises. On June 30, 1852, Mr. 
Truesdell was married to Elizabeth M., daughter 
of John Valentine, and two children, Mary E. and 
John V.. were born to them, the latter dying 
in infancy. The mother died-iu 1862, and in 1864 
our subject was wedded to Catherine, daughter of 
Isaac Mayes, of West Alexander, and one son, 
Charles L. , who died at the age of five years, came 
to bless this union. 

II asi/im, m\ COUNTY. 


In politics Mr Truesdell was originally a Whig, 
and since the organization of the party lie Las 
been a Republican. He has represented Lis party 
in county and State conventions, lias served his 
township in all its various offices, and has held 
nearly all the positions of trust in the borough of 
West Alexander. He was elected auditor of the 
county in l^Tli, the board of auditors being com 
posed at thai time of himself and Joseph Linton, 
who served with great satisfaction to their con- 
stituents. His party would have been glad at vari 
ous times to have recognized his high qualities lor 
some of (lie best offices in the gift of the county, 
but politics not being in harmony witli his taste-, 
he always declined such proffered honors For 
many years he has been prominently connected 
with the Presbyterian Church at West Alexander. 
in which he is an elder, and he has contributed large 
l\ to its growth and prosperity. He was for many 
years superintendent of the Sabbath school, at all 
times taking a lively interest in its success. We 
may say that no one merits the esteem of the coin 
munity where he has so long resided, or has the 
confidence of the people of the count), to whom he 
is generally known, more than the subject of this 
sketch. Mr. Truesdell is a man of generous in- 
stincts, tal<es a deep interest ill Ills relatives (illd 
friends, and during his life has taken a great deal 
of pleasure out of making frequent visits to the 
old New England homes of his father and mother. 

QEORGE M. WARRICK, senior member of 
the firm of George M Warrick & Sons. 
dealers in general groceries, Washington, 
i is a native of the county, boin in Am well 
township February 28, 1881. His grand- 
father moved, in 1795, from New Jersey to Reaver 
county, Penn., where he died. 

Jonathan T. Warrick, father of George M. , was 
ten years old when he first came to Washington 
county, and seventeen when he finally returned 
to it, after a residence for a time in Beaver county. 
In this county he taught school until he was twenty 
six years old, when he commenced oarpentering 
and cabinet making, but finally abandoned those 
trades for farming, first in Amwell township till 
1S35, afterward in East Finley township, where 
he died in 1846, at the age of sixty-two years. He 
was a surveyor in the county. About the year 
1820 he was married to Miss Mary Slack, a na- 
tive of Washington county, whose parents were of 
English descent, and came here from New Jersey. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Warrick were born nine children, 
as follows: Sarah, wife of Jackson Harshman, in 
South Strabane township; James, married to a 
Miss Wilson, died in Davenport, Iowa, at the age 
of sixty-six years; Matilda, an invalid from the 
age of eighteen years, died in 1890; Mary, de- 

ceased wife of George El) lone of her sons. Dr. 
Ely, lives in Washington, Penn.): Charlotte, wife 
of Elijah Coulson, of Buffalo township; William 
W., married in 1 S -V» to a Bliss Wylie, who died 
in 1891 (he was a contractor lor ten years in com- 
pany with his brother <i "ge M., later went into 

the grocery business with him. but in 1873 he 
withdrew from the firm; he now resides in Wash 
ington); George M. is tin' subject of this sketch; 

Elizabeth is the wife ol W K Long, of Washing 
and Hannah C. is living in Washington. The 
mother of this family passed from earth in 1 S47. in 
Bast t'mlr\ township. 

George M. Warrick was educated in the school-. 
of his native township, and worked on his father's 
farm until sixteen years of age, when. Ins parents 
being now dead, he came to Washington, and 
ed one summer on a farm adjoining the town. 
lb- then commenced learning the trade of carpen 
ter, and two years late: began the business for his 
own account. When about twenty years of age lie 
went to Chicago, then a growing city of 30,000in 
habitants. Returning to Washington, he for some 
years followed contracting, after which, in L858, 
he embarked in mercantile business at his present 
Stand, forming a partnership with his brother 
William W., the stvle of the firm being G. M. t V 
W. W. Warrick, 'About I860 they bought the 
Washington flouring mills, in partnership with John 
M Wilson, carrying on both it and the grocery 
business Some seven years later William W. 
Warrick retired from both concerns, and our sub 
ject and Wilson continued together till 1887, when 
they sold out the mill to Zelt Bros , Wilson also 
retiring from the grocery. Mr. Warrick then 
associated his two sons with him in the grocerj 
business, in which they still continue. 

In 1855 Mr. Warrick was united in marriage 
with Miss Mary Wilson, of Taylorst own, daughter 
of William Wilson, anil five children have been 
born to theru, viz. : Matilda Belle, wife of Rev. 
McCarroll, a Presbyterian minister at W 7 aynesboro, 
Penn.; William J., married to Anna Polen, and 
then removed to Plattsmouth, Neb., where he car- 
ried on a drug business seven years, then sold, 
returned to Washington, and is now with his father 
in the store; John W. , with his father; Rachel 
and Jennie, both at home with their parents. Mr. 
Warrick has been a member of the M. E. Church 
since eighteen years of age. When he united with 
the First M. E. Church of Washington there were 
300 members. Politically he was a Democrat up 
to the Buchanan election, when he enlisted in the 
Republican ranks. Our subject is a typical self- 
made man, having had nothing but his own efforts, 
industry and enterprise to aid him, and when he 
went into business he possessed but a few hundred 
dollars. He never speculated, and never incurred 
a debt that he could not pay inside of six days. 



DAVID 'E. BAKER, senior member of the 
) well-known firm of Baker & Worrell, jew- 
elers, was born in Amwell township, Janu- 
ary 5, 1849, a son of Nathan and Maria 
(Horn) Baker. His education was received at the 
common schools and Lone Pine Academy, the chief 
part of his time being passed in the customary duties 
of the farm until he was twenty four years of age. 
In 1873 he was united in marriage with Miss 
Emma, daughter of George Swart, of Amwell 
township, and two children were born to them, 
viz. : Winnie Myrtle and Lida Ray. Lida Ray died 
November 30, L889. The mother died in 1883, at 
the age of thirty-four years, and in 18S7 Mr. Baker 
married Lizzie, daughter of Dr. Elijah Hoffman, 
formerly of Buffalo township, this county, now of 
Wisconsin. To this marriage one child was born — 
Frank N. Mr. Baker opened out a general merchan- 
dise store at Amity , Amwell townshi-p. in 1 873, which 
he carried on until 1880, when he sold out. In 1885 
he came to Washington borough, where he formed 
a partnership with George Brady, in the jewelry 
business, which continued three years, when it was 
dissolved, and Mr. Baker took as a partner a Mr. 
McConaghy, but in April, 1891, the latter retired, 
and Frank N. Worrell took his place, the style of 
the firm being now, as already intimated, Baker & 
Worrell, general jewelers. The firm are popular 
and enterprising, keeping well abreast of the times 
in their line. Socially Mr. Baker is a member of 
the Royal Arcanum, of the Improved Order of 
Heptasophs, and National Union. In politics he is 
a Republican, and in religion a member of the 
First M. E. Church of Washington. His home is 
on Prospect avenue, on the edge of South Strabane 

brother of the above-mentioned Martin, and fol- 
lowed the trade until 1848. when lie was appointed 
clerk in the postoffice under Jonathan Leet. In 
1850 he opened on his own account a grocery 
store, where Brady's jewelry store now stands, and 
in 1860 formed a partnership with R. F. Strean, 
in hardware and agricultural implements. He 
bought Strean's interest in 1869, and in 1871 he 
removed the hardware business to the store which 
his son, William P., now keeps. In 1878 he asso- 
ciated the latter with hiin, which alliance continued 
until the father's death April 16, INNS, he being then 
seventy seven years old. He was originally a Demo- 
crat, but in 1856 became a Republican; in religion 
he was a member of the Christian Church. Mr. 
Hastings was twice married, first to a daughter of 
James Niehol, of Washington county, whose im- 
mediate ancestry were agriculturists in the early 
days of the county. In 1852 Mr. Hastings mar 
ried Miss Hannah, daughter of Huston Paul, and 
two children were born to them : William P. and 
Anna G., wife of W. S. Harrah, of Allegheny- 
William l J . Hastings was born at Washington, 
Pen n . March 22, 1853. He reoeived a liberal 
education at the common schools of the borough, 
and in 187(1 commeuoed clerking in his father's 
store; in 1878 he was admitted as a partner, as 
already related. He was married to Miss Sarah, 
daughter of A. B. Ashbrook, of Buffalo township, 
in 1875, and two bright boys have come to bless 
their home: Harry, born in 1877, and William, 
born in 1883. Mr. Hastings is one of the well- 
known and enterprising young business men of 
Washington, and represents a family whose pro- 
gressiveness and integrity have never been ques- 

i A\ILLIAM P. HASTINGS, proprietor of 
^\// one of the leading hardware stores in 
Washington, is of English descent, his 
paternal grandfather having emigrated 
from the ''Old Country " to America, mak- 
ing a settlement in Washington, this county, 
where he followed the trade of saddler, and passed 
the rest of his life. He had children, of whom 
John < '. is deceased; William (now deceased) lived 
near Brownsville, this county; Samuel died in 
Indiana; Henderson is deceased; Mary is the wife 
of Hiram Swart, of Amwell township; and Nancy 
is deceased. 

John ('. Hastings was born in Washington, this 
county, in IS 18, anil received his education at the 
local schools. He commenced life a poor boy, ami 
when but eight years of age began to work in 
Jonathan Martin's fulling mill, but later was em- 
ployed on the National pike under this same 

Martin, who was one of tin ntractors. He 

learned the carpenter's trade with Joshua Martin, a 

I leading representative and substantial cit- 
' izens of the county, is a native of the same, 
having been born October 18, 1843, in 
Donegal township. 

His grandfather, James Campsey. a farmer by 
occupation, was born June '22, 1 772, in Mounter- 
tany. Parish of Raphoe, County Donegal. Ireland. 
and in 1794 emigrated to America in the ship 
"Liberty." In i 7V»2 he had married Elizabeth 
Johnson, of the same county, born February 1, 
1 771 *, and when he immigrated to the United States 
he was accompanied by his faithful wife and two 
children: William, born July 1. 1793, and John. 
born May 4. 1796. For a few years, or until 1801, 
thev lived east of the mountains, and then proceeded 
westward to Washington county, Penn., making a 
settlement about two miles south of Claysville, 
this section being at that time an unbroken and 
sparsely settled wilderness. When they arrived, 
the neighbors formed a "bee," and built them a 

e ,«* 




WASHL\GT<>.\ ail A 71 


log cabin, the foundation of which was four stumps, 
one for each corner, but oue day being occupied in 
its erection. Here our little pioneer family made 
their home, gradually surrounding themselves with 
the necessaries and comforts of life, and here four 
more children came to enlarge the domestic circle: 
Margaret, born February 20, 1798; Joseph, born 
February 20, 1800; James, born February 20, 
1803, and Rebecca, born June 2. 1805. The head 
of this pioneer family was a vigorous, energetic 
man, incessantly and assiduously toiling to make a 
home for his little ones, and to convert the forest 
wild into a fertile farm. On November 23, 1S4: J >. 
the loving partner of his bosom was called from 
earth, and Mr. Canipsey, having then made an 
equitable division of his property, which was con- 
siderable, retired from active labor, and passed the 
remaining portion of his days on earth with his 
son James. lie died September 1, 1N5I. full of 
years and honor, and was laid to rest by the side 
of his wife in Claysville cemetery. All their chil- 
dren lived to adult ages, excepting Margaret, w^io 
died in her girlhood. 

James Cainpsey, the third son of this pioneer, 
was born February 20, 1803, in Donegal town- 
ship, this oounty, and attended the subscription 
schools of the neighborhood, the building being 
made of logs, while the interior was furnished 
in the most primitive ' manner, the seats being 
merely slabs, and the writing desk another slab, 
supported by pegs driven into the wall. The fire- 
place, which occupied the greater part of one end 
of the school-room, was a "yawning chasm." 
wherein was thrown the wood, which was cut by 
the scholars. The books used in those early times 
were the English Reader, the XJ. S. Spelling Book 
and the Western Calculator. Mr. Campsey was 
a natural mechanic, and could turn his hand to 
almost any kind of work in that line, being very 
ingenious and skillful. He constructed a distill- 
ery complete, including all the plant, which he 
operated for some time, until he became aware of 
the harm liquor was doing among those who 
could not discriminate between use and abuse; he 
then gave up the business, and disposed of the 
plant. Mr. Campsey was twice married, the first 
occasion on November 7, 1827, to Isabella Daugh- 
erty. a native of Washington county, born April 
21, 1811, by which union there were five children: 
Mary Ann,' born Mav 29, 1830; Harriet, born No- 
vember 18. 1832: Margaret E., born May 19, 1835; 
James D. . born May 24, 1838. and a son. unnamed, 
born November 2, 1840, dying four days after- 
ward. The mother of this family departed this 
life April 29. 1841, and March' 10. 1842, Mr. 
Campsey wedded Mrs. Susanna Ralston (also a 
native of County Down, Ireland), widow of James 
Ralston, and daughter of David McMillen, of the 
same township, and two children (twins) came to 

this union: David M. (subject of sketch), and 
Rebecca, born October 13, 1843, died February 19, 
1870. Soon after his first marriage James (.'amp 
sey purchased of Samuel Stokely a valuable farm 
property, comprising 352 acres of prime laud lying 
one and one half miles north of Claysville. to 
which he moved and where he followed farming 
till December, 1809, when he removed to Clay- 
ville, and there lived a retired life, having amassed 
a comfortable sufficiency by hard toil and earnest- 
ness of purpose. On April 4, 1883, he was called 
from earth, his wife having preceded him to the 
long home September 24, 1874. Mr. Cauipsev 
was a member of the Presbyterian Church at Clays 
ville, Mrs. Campsey being a member of the U. P. 
Church of South Buffalo. In politics he was 
originally a Whig, in later years a Republican. 

D. M. Campsey received his primary education 
at the common school of his district, and in 1M>'_' 
entered Millsborongh Normal School, where he re- 
mained one year; in L863 he prosecuted his studies 
in Carversville Institute, and October 19, 1865, 
commenced a commercial course at Eastman's 
Business College, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.,from which 
he graduated in February, 1806. After his grad 
nation, he entered the employ of Lord & Taylor, 
of New York, with whom he remained some time. 
On April 7, 1870, having returned to his native 
county, our subject opened a dry-goods store in 
Claysville, which he carried on eleven years, and 
then in 1878 formed a partnership with R. B. 
Daugherty, in the same line at West Alexander, at 
the same time conducting a hardware store in Clays- 
ville, in company with William Wilson. For many 
years he has been engaged in the wool and grain 
trade, buying and selling, and he is now largely 
interested in the oil business. 

On July 31, 1873, Mr. Campsey was married to 
Addie K., daughter of David Kennedy, and the 
names of the children born to them are James 
Arthur (died September 22, 1876, at the age of 
thirteen months), George A., Susannah J., David 
M. (born March 26, 1883, died July 29, 1891), and 
Donald McLain. The family are adherents of the 
U. P. Church at Claysville, of which Mr. Campsey 
has been a member of Session since 1885. Polit- 
ically he is a Republican, and an active worker in 
the party. Fired by a spirit of patriotism during 
the Civil war, he enlisted for three months in Com- 
pany D, Forty-fifth P. V. I., serving the full term 
of his enlistment. 

1/ If UGH ALLISON ROGERS. Hugh Rodgers 
|wl (for so the name was originally spelled) 
came, in company with a sister, from his 
J) native Ireland to America, and made a set- 

v tlement in Chartiers township, Washington 

Co., Penn. He participated in the Revolutionary 
war. He was twice married, his first wife dying 



soon after marriage; his second wife was Miss 
Mary Cowden, of Chartiers township, who bore hint 
children as follows: Mary Ann, who died October 1 1 , 
1844, aged twenty-one years; John C. , who died 
August 14, 1845; Elizabeth, married to Rev. John 
Stream, of Columbus Grove, Ohio; Ebenezer Kerr, 
who died September 8, 1886, and Caroline, matron 
of the Washington County Home. The father of 
this family died September 7, 1845. 

Ebenezer Kerr Rodgers was born October 17, 
1828, in Washington county, Penu., and was 
reared to farming pursuits, which he followed for 
some time, but on account of ill health was obliged 
to abandon and seek some lighter open-air employ- 
ment. During the remainder of his life he dealt 
in stock, and for a time was interested in a livery 
stable, which stood where Bane Bros, now are, in 
Washington. On March 4, 1850, he married Miss 
Margaret, daughter of Hugh Allison, of Chartiers 

John Allison, grandfather of Mrs. Ebenezer K. 
Rodgers, was a native of Scotland, whence he came 
with his family to America about the year 1780, 
and made a settlement in the wild woods of Wash- 
ington county, Peun., which teemed with ferocious 
animals and hostile Indians. The settlers at that 
time never went abroad from their log houses with 
out their trusty rifles, not even to church meeting, 
which was held in an old log edifice that stood near 
where is now the borough of Canonsburg. Serv 
ices were often held in the open air, but, later, 
another and a better church building was erected 
at Buffalo. John Allison married Jennette Brown- 
lee, and by her had children as follows: Gavin, 
born January 29, 1759; Archibald, born Septem- 
ber 29, 1760; William (1), born May 23, 1764, 
died in infancy; William (2), born September 28, 
1765; James, born April 8, 1768; Thomas, born 
June 30, 1770, became one of the first ministers in 
Washington county; Ebenezer, born June 10, 1771, 
died in infancy, and Hugh, born December 2, 1773. 
The parents of this family both departed this life 
in Chartiers township, the father about the year 
1790, and they now rest in the graveyard at 

Hugh Allison, son of John, was four times mar- 
ried; the first time before he was twenty-one years 
of age, to Miss Irwin, of Buffalo township, who 
died leaving onechild, Jane, born July 12,1795, 
who married George Morrison, and lived to the ad 
vanced age of eighty three years. Hugh Allison's 
second marriage was with a daughter of John 
Brownlee, and she died leaving two children: 
Eliza, born August 9, 1800. married toWilliam Scott 
and died in Ohio, and Annie, born December 3, 
1801, deceased when young. Mr. Allison's third 
marriage was with Miss McBride, of Washington 
county, and by her he had children ;is follows: Maria 
Reed, born February 12, 1805; Rebecca McBride, 

born September 2, 1807, married to John Hanna; 
Hugh, born April 27, 1810, died young; John and 
Thomas, both deceased. Mr. Allison's fourth wife 
was Jane Gabby, born December 14, 1771, in 
Washington county, daughter of James and Jean 
ette Gabby. By this marriage eight children were 
born, of whom the following is a brief record: 
Jane, born August 11, 1822, is now the widow of 
Joseph McNary; James, born September 18, 1824, 
is now in Nebraska; Margaret, born March fi, 1826, 
married Ebenezer Kerr Rodgers, and died October 
9, 1892; Archibald H., born November 24,1827, 
is now in Chartiers township; HughB. , born April 
20, 1830, lives in Des Moines, Iowa; a daughter 
(name not given), died unmarried; Ann Henderson, 
born June 27, 1833, lives in Chartiers township, 
and Ebenezer, born August 12, 1835, lives on the 
old home farm in Chartiers township. The father 
of these families died September 2, 1853, at the 
age of eighty years. He was from early manhood 
an elder in the North Buffalo Seceder Church, was 
a prominent temperance advocate, and succeeded 
in having the first temperance society formed in 
his vicinity. He was one of the first to refuse 
liquor to farm hands while working in the field. 
He was a great reader, and had a large library of 
books. He was a man of strong will, of very pro- 
nounced opinions, and was an advocate of women's 
rights. At the time of his death, which occurred 
suddenly from an attack of colic in 1853, he was 
the owner of 400 acres of land in Chartiers town- 
ship. His widow passed from earth December 14, 
1870, aged eighty years. 

After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Ebenezer K. 
Rodgers remained a year on the farm, and then re- 
moved into the borough of Canonsburg, where they 
resided sixteen years; thence, in 1867, moved into 
Washington, where their home has since been. 
The children born to them are seven in number, 
viz.: Jane A., at home; Hugh Allison and Eben- 
ezer Allison, both in Washington; Mary, at home; 
John C, in McDonald, Washington county; Frank 
F. , in Indianapolis, Ind. ; and Harry Hanna, a 
civil engineer engaged by the Pennsylvania Rail- 
road. On September 8, 1886, the father of this 
family departed from earth, having for the last 
year of his life been confined to the house. He 
was a good business man, possessed of a very even, 
quiet disposition, and at all times exercised great 
patience. In his political preferences be was a 
Republican, and in religious sentiments a member 
of the U. P. Church of Washington. 

Huon Allison Rogers was born September 24, 
1855, in Canonsburg. Washington Co., Penn., 
where he received a portion of his education at the 
public schools. About the year 1867 he came 
with the rest of his father's family to Washington, 
and there, at the public schools of the borough, and 
by a short attendance at Washington College, com- 



pleted his education. He then commenced the 
study of law in the office of John W. & Alvan 
Donnan, and on finishing his studies was admitted 
to the bar of Washington county in L882, prior to 
which he had been appointed a notary public. In 
1SS4 he was appointed cashier of the People's 
Light & Heat Company, which position he is 
now holding. Politically he is a Republican, a 
strong worker for his party, but no office-holder. 
He is a member of the U. P. Church, and librarian 
in same; was at one time a lieutenant in the 
National Guards of Pennsylvania, serving some 
eight or nine years. On September 30, 1885, Mr. 
Rogers married Miss Mary J. Murray, who was 
born September 23, 1861, a daughter of John 
Murray, of Washington. One bright Little girl has 
come to brighten their home, named Florence, 
born July 18, 1889, and one boy, named Hugh 
Donnan, born January 5, 1893. The family resi 
deuce is ou Jefferson avenue, in Canton township. 

L H ICHAEL RYAN, proprietor of Washing 
\w/\ ton Carriage Works, was born at Ping 
XI j hamtou, N. Y., September 16, 1851 
j -* His parents. Martin and Mary (Fitzpat- 
rick) Ryan, natives of County Galway, 
Ireland, came to America in 1847, and made their 
first home in New York State, where their three 
children were born; subsequently the family moved 
to Ohio, and thence, about the year 185 1, to Wash 
ington county. The father died in Ohio, and his 
widow afterward married John Maloney, who was 
killed on the railroad July 12, L866. She resided 
with her son Michael until she died, on January 28, 
1892, at the age of seventy five years. The chil- 
dren born to her marriage with Martin Ryan are 
Bridget, wife of Henry Kane, of Donegal town- 
ship; and Michael and James, both residents of 
Washington, Penn. 

Michael Ryan, of whom this notice is written, 
obtained his education in the common schools of 
Washington county, and very early in life, owing 
to the limited circumstances of his parents, had to 
earn his own living. In 1868 he entered the car 
riage works of S. B. & C. Hayes, where he re 
mained until he finished his apprenticeship, and 
then commenced work with Hayes & Wilson, re- 
maining in their employ about eleven years. In 
1881, in conjunction with his brother, he estab- 
lished a carriage factory, the style of the firm be- 
ing Washington Carriage Works, Ryan Bros., 
proprietors, for the manufacture of light carriages. 
This partnership continued until January, 1891, 
when his brother retired. Mr. Michael Ryan has 
conducted the business alone since that time. In 
1889 a commodious brick building was erected on 
East Beau street, which, in 1891, was remodeled 
and enlarged, and the industry has grown until it 

is now one of the foremost manufacturing estab 
lishments of Washington, and in the carriage build- 
ing line it is in reality the only one devoted exclu- 
sively to the making of light vehicles in Washing- 
ton. Mr. Ryan commenced lffe a poor boy. but 
by energy, perseverance, and strict attention to 
business he has deservedly earned an almost pbe 
nomenal success. He never married. Politically 
he is a Democrat, and has been a member of 
Washington borough council. 

JAMES W. KUNTZ enjoys the distincti f 
being one of the oldest residents of Wash 
ington borough. His grandfather, Michael 
Kuutz, a laborer by occupation, came unac 

companied, in 178S, from Lancaster ( ity. Penn., 

to Washington county, and bought land where now 
stands Brady's jewelry store, in the borougb of 

Here Michael Kuutz built a cabin, but ou ac- 
count of the Indians his family did not Come out 
until May, 1790. He returned to Lancaster county, 
and there died in 1794; he was a Freemason of 
high standing. His widow survived him until about 
the year L850, when she was called from earth at 
the advanced age of eighty five years; she was his 
second wife, and there is no record of any children 
by his first marriage. To his second- union live 
children were born, of whom we find the names of 
George, Jacob, Sophia (Mrs. George Burker, for 
merry of Washington) and Mrs. Reddick (deceased). 
The family crossed the mountains on pack horses, 
the packs or saddle-bags being made of homemade 
linen, and when the little boys were tired walking 
they were placed in the pockets of these saddle bags. 
George Kuutz, born in Lancaster county, Penn., 
January 25, 1785, was about six years old when 
brought to Washington, and here he lived at the 
same place about fourscore years, dying July 18, 
1870. He was a hatter, who, in 1810, opened a 
factory in Washington where hats were made by 
hand. This business he continued until 1844, 
when he retired. In 1818 he married Elizabeth, 
daughter of James Wisbey, of Washington, and 
seven children were born to them, viz.: Michael 
and James W., both in Washington; one that died 
in infancy; Brady, a physician, who died in Wash 
ington March 26, 1863; Sophia, who married 
Charles Hayes, and died in Washington in 1854; 
Philip, who also died in Washington, and Stephen, 
who died in April, 1891, at the age of fifty-six 
years. The father was called from earth July 18, 
1870, at the age of eighty-six years. He was a 
Jacksonian Democrat, and for a time served as 
borough treasurer. He was a Freemason, having 
been initiated in 1824. The mother died April 21. 
1884, aged eighty-four years. 

James W. Knntz was born February 20, 1821, 



in an old log house which stood on the same piece 
of land on which he now resides. He received his 
rudimentary education at the public schools of the 
borough, and later attended Washington College, 
at which time he beffame acquainted with James G. 
Blaiue. He learned the trade of cabinet maker 
with Thomas Bryson, ultimately buying a half-in- 
terest in the business, in which he continued 
several years. In 1 84'.), being seized with the 
"gold fever," he set out for California, across the 
plains, the journey occupying six months. His 
health, beginning to fail in that laud of promise, 
and having a friend whose mind was affected, he 
concluded, in 1851, to return to Pennsylvania. 
While en route the friend became totally demented, 
jumped overboard and was drowned, and Mr. 
Kuntz, now alone, continued his homeward trip. 
He then opened a leather store in Washington, 
which he carried on successfully for twenty years, 
when he sold out and moved on his farm in Frank- 
lin township, but in 1887 returned to Washington, 
where he now lives compaVatively retired. In 
1865 Mr. Kuntz married Nancy, a daughter of 
Samuel Workman, of Washington. No children 
have been born to them. Politically he is a Demo- 
crat, and has served as burgess of Washington some 
six or seven years. Socially he is a Freemason. 

GHARLES G. McILVAIN, a young attorney 
of Monongahela, and a progressive, native 
born citizen of the county, is a lineal de 
scendant of the time-honored pioneer, Greer 
Mcllvain, who came to this county from the east- 
ern part of the State prior to 1788, and patented a 
large tract of land in Somerset township. 

Charles G. was born April 0, 1862, in Carroll 
township, a son of Greer and Elizabeth (Williams) 
Mcllvain, the former of whom was a grandson of 
the pioneer Greer Mcllvain, a sketch of whom and 
the immediate ancestry of our subject appears else- 
where. Charles G. received his primary education 
at the common schools of his district, and at the 
age of fifteen he entered the Southwestern Normal 
School at California, Penu., on leaving which he 
for some time attended Jefferson Academy. He 
then entered the law school in connection with the 
University of Michigan, from which he graduated 
in 1885, and on his return home was admitted to 
the bar of Pittsburgh. He has succeeded in build- 
ing no a large practice and highly respectable cli- 
entage in that city, and along the Monongahela 

On April 9, 1890, Mr. Mcllvain was married to 
Nancy M., daughter of Capt. Peter Donaldson, of 
Brownsville, Fayette Co., Penn., and one child, 
Ruth, has come to brighten their home. Mr. Mc- 
llvain is a Republican iu politics, and resides at 

K. LONG, one of the best-known bus- 
iness men of Washington and second to 
none in popularity, in the county, as a 
dealer in footwear, is a native of Wash- 
ington, Penu., where he first saw the 
light November 13, 1835. 

His father, William Long, was born in August, 
1786, iu Manheim township, Lancaster Co., Penn., 
where he learned the wagon maker's trade. About 
the year 1800 he came to Washington, where he 
established himself in the wagon making business, 
which he carried on up to the time of his death iu 
IMS. By industry he amassed a competence, but 
lost it all through ill advised liberality and mis 
placed confidence iu human nature. He was a 
member of the Lutheran Church. In 1822 he mar- 
ried Miss Catherine, daughter of John Krider. 
(This John Krider conducted a. farm iu Canton 
towuship, but removed to Illinois, where he was 
thrown from a horse, receiving injuries from which 
he died at Fulton, III., at the age of eighty-four 
years. ) To William and Catherine Long were 
burn eight children, as follows: Susan, wife of W. 
W. Davis, of Guernsey county, Ohio; Nancy, John 
and Catherine (all three deceased — John at the 
age of twelve, and Catherine when about eight 
years old); Mary, wife of Jesse Allen, iu Knox 
county, Ohio; W. K., our subject; Eliza, wife of J. 
O. Vankirk, in Franklin towuship; and Ellen, 
married to J. J. McWilliams, near Edinborough, 
Erie Co., Penu. The mother of this family died 
in 1872, at the age of seventy-five years, while 
staying at the house of her daughter, Mrs. W. W. 
Davis, then living in Canton township. 

W. K. Long received his education at the public 
schools of the place of his birth, and grew to man- 
hood on the John Coulson farm. In August, 1862, 
he enlisted in Company F, Fifteenth Cavalry (An 
derson), in which he served until June, 1865, when 
he was honorably discharged. He was with the army 
of the Cumberland, participating in its almost 
innumerable battles and skirmishes, but came 
through without a wound, although at the battle 
of Saudridge, Tenn. , he had a horse shot under 
him. He was sick for several months, in 1863, at 
Nashville, Tenn. On his discharge he returned to 
his native county, and remained iu Buffalo towu- 
ship until 1866, when he came to Washington and 
clerked for Warrick Bros., grocers and millers, 
until 1875, in which year he entered into partner- 
ship with G. M. Warrick & J. M. Wilson, grocers, 
and at the end of two years they opened out a shoe 
store where Mr. Long is now established, the part- 
nership in both industries continuing until July, 
1889, when it was dissolved, our subject carrying 
on the boot and shoe business alone. In Novem- 
ber, 1872, Mr. Long married Elizabeth, daughter 
of Jonathan T. Warrick (a sketch of whom will be 
found elsewhere), by which union there are two 



children — Mary L. and William W. — both at home. 

The family are members of the First M. E. Clmrch 
of Washington. Politically, Mr. Long is a Repub 

TIMOTHY HARE. To beautiful Erin, the 
land of which Moore has so sweetly sting, 
and which has given to the world so man} 
of its brilliant statesmen, jurists and soldiers, 
Washington county is indebted for many of 
her substantial, progressive and loyal citizens, 
among whom may be justly included the gentle 
man whose name opens this biographical memoir. 
Timothy Hare was born in County Clare, Ire- 
land, in 1838, a son of Timothy and Catherine 
(Holloran) Hare. The father died there in 1847. 
When about sixteen years of age (1854) our subject 
emigrated to America, coming to Washington county, 
where he first worked on the farm of Robert M. 
Patterson, of Cross Creek township, for S8 per 
month, remaining with him two years. He had 
been barely that length of time in the land of his 
adoption when he found himself, by dint of hard 
labor and careful thrift, enabled, though yet but a 
mere boy, to send means to his native land to bring 
to Washington county his widowed mother and 
one of his sisters. The mother died in Washing 
ton in 1887 at an advanced age. She was the 
mother of nine children, all of whom died in Ire- 
land, save three: Timothy, Bridget (Mrs. Shaugh- 
nessy) and Mary (Mrs. Farrell), both residents of 
Pittsburgh, Penn. In 1853 the second sister emi- 
grated. After a time Mr. Hare commence'! the 
huckstering business, carrying goods to Pitts- 
■burgh each week; then worked a farm in South 
Strabane township for one year. In 1874 he em- 
barked in the present grocery business in Washing- 
ton, in which he has met with exceptional success, j 

In 1801 our subject was married to Margaret, 
daughter of Thomas Breen. To them nine chil- 
dren were born, namely: John F.. in Washington: 
Thomas, near Pittsburgh; Timothy, a tailor in 
Cadiz, Ohio; James, in Washington; Mary, Cath- 
erine J., William and Margaret, all af'home with 
their parents; Charles died some sixteen years ago, 
at the age of six months. Mrs. Hare is a native of 
Ireland, and was brought to this country when a 
small child. In 1880 Mr. Hare built the house in 
Washington, which is now the family home. In 
religious faith he is a Catholic, in politics a Demo- 
crat, but at elections he asserts his right to exer- 
cise his own judgment, regardless of party lines. 

JfOHM H. MURRAY. The antecedents of this 
gentleman came to Washington county at an 
) early day. John Murray, his father, married 
Margaret Henderson, who resided near Clays- 
ville, this county, and by her had six children. 

viz. : Hannah (deceased, was twice married. Her 
first husband's name being Murphy, and her 
second husband's Lavery); Michael, now living 
in Sedalia, Mo. ; Charles, James and Thomas (all 
three deceased), and John H. , the subject of this 
sketch. The father, who was a teamster by occu- 
pation, died in August, 1830, when John H. was 
lint six months old, the youngest in a family of six 
children; the mother afterward moved to Illinois, 
where she died of cholera in 1852. 

John H. Murray was born February 12, 1830, in 
Buffalo township, Washington Co., Penn., and at 
the common schools of the neighborhood received 
his education, which, as he had to apply himself 
to work on the farm in early boyhood, was of 
necessity very limited. In 1849 he went West, and 
for two years followed agricultural pursuits in 
Illinois, and worked as a farmer and carpenter part 
of the time in Pennsylvania and the balance of the 
time in Illinois. In 1862 he enlisted in Company 
C, 22nd P. V. O, and participated in several 
engagements. In January following his enlist- 
ment, he was taken sick, for fifteen months was 
confined in hospital, and after his discharge as a 
convalescent he cooked for the officers' mess, one 
year. At the close of his term of service, June 1, 
1865, he was mustered out with his company, and 
he then returned to Washington county, taking up 
his temporary residence in Buffalo township. Soon 
afterward he commenced a butcher business in 
Claysville, which he carried on one year, and then, 
in 1871, removed to Washington and opened out a 
meat market on Wheeling street, which in 1874he 
moved to Main street, and in 1886 to his present 
stand, on North Main street. On February 6, 
1855, Mr. Murray was married to Sarah A., 
daughter of Joseph Magill, a resident of the Clays 
ville neighborhood, but in 1857 she was taken from 
earth, leaving one daughter, then only fourteen 
months old, now the wife of David Sample, Jr., of 

In the spring of 1861 Mr. Murray married, 
for his second wife, Elizabeth J., daughter of 
Joseph Hutchison, now deceased. To this union 
four children were born, viz. : Mary, wife of Hugh 
Rodgers, Washington; William H. , who is in part 
nership with his father; Annie, wife of Thomas 
Blair, of Wheeling street, Washington; and John 
E. , living with his parents. Mr. Murray is one of 
the many progressive and prosperous self-made 
men of Washington, and is esteemed by a host of 
friends whom he has gathered around him by his 
thorough business habits and social qualities. In 
his political preferences he is a straight Democrat, 
but finds no time for office aspirations. His com- 
fortable and commodious home is on Highland 
avenue, one of the most beautiful streets in the 



the student of human nature looks on the 
h men and women who have risen from the 
ranks to positions of eminence in the world 
of literature, politics, science, art or religion, he 
will fain inquire, "Whence came they? Amid 
what scenes did these giant minds unfold? in what 
social circles were they first introduced to the world 
which they have conquered." From the vast 
majority comes the ringing answer, " The dear old 
farm was our childhood home; our early social en- 
joyments were found on the glittering pond, by 
the woodland river, in the husking bee and the 
Amid these scenes our minds were 
'far from the madding crowd's 
we learned from self-sacrificing, 
the lessons of self denial aud per 
which to conquer first ourselves, 
God bless the farmandthe 
They are the rocks on which 

harvest home, 
nurtured, and 
ignoble strife,' 
toiling parents 
severance, with 
and then our foemen 
farmers of our land. 

our nation rests, and the history of their lives 
should be treasured by every patriotic citizen of 

Gilbert Cool was born about the year 1794, east 
of the Alleghany Mountains, and came to Wash 
iugtou county, when a young man. He decided 
to learn the blacksmith's trade, and accordingly en 
tered a shop of one John McCounell, living near 
Paris, where he learned his trade. His employer 
had a fair young sister in law, Rebecca Moore, and 
Rebecca soon became the bride of Gilbert Cool. 
They located in Frankfort, Beaver Co., Penn., 
where he followed his trade, and being both ener- 
getic and industrious, soon acquired a comfortable 
property. Time passed on, and one by one chil- 
dren came to bless their union, until the following 
names were added to their family circle: William 
(who died at the age of forty years), was a farmer 
of Allegheny county, Penn. ; John, a farmer living 
in Allegheny county; Augustine, also residing on a 
farm in Allegheny county; Christopher Columbus, 
mentioned below; Thomas, an agriculturist of 
Allegheny county; Sarah, deceased in youth; 
Verlinda, deceased wife of William Dawson; and 
Alice, deceased wife of Philip Stronse, of Beaver 
county, Penn. Some years after his marriage Mr. 
Cool purchased ami moved upon a farm near Flor 
ence, in Hanover township, which he afterward 
sold at a handsome profit, and then bought 175 
acres in Findley township, Allegheny Co., Penn., 
where his remaining years were passed. He was 
a hard working, successful business man, and in 
politics was an Old line Whig, afterward uniting 
with tin' Republican party. He possessed a robust 
constitution, and was ill but for a short time be- 
fore his death, which occurred November 9, 1879, 
followed by his wife a year later. They are buried 
side by side in Hopewell cemetery, Allegheny 

county. Both were members of the Presbyterian 

Christopher Columbus Cool was born April 7, 
1839, near Florence, Washington county. He re- 
ceived his earlier education at the common schools 
of the neighborhood and then took a short course 
at Mt. Union College, Stark county, Ohio, fitting 
himself for school teaching. After leaving col 
lege, he, in company with several classmates, made 
a western tour, visiting the principal cities of 
Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Indiana, Kentucky and 
West Virginia, many of the present large cities of 
those States being but villages at that time. He 
taught school in Wayne county, 111., also in many 
of the western towns, and having satisfied his 
curiosity concerning the resources of the western 

States, returnedto the home farm, teaching scl I 

during the winter season. On June 14, 18(55, ho 
was united in marriage with Eliza Jane Culbert- 
son, who was born September 7, 1889, being the 
youngest of three children born to David and 
Elizabeth (Whittaker)Culbertson. Her father was 
a representative farmer of Hanover township, and 
was for many years an elder in the Cross Roads 
Presbyterian Church at Florence, this county. 
Two daughters have been born to the union of 
Christopher Columbus Cool and Eliza Jane Cool, 
namely: Allie Etta, and Effie Dora, both of whom 
are living at home. Since his marriage Mr. Cool 
has resided on his father-in law's farm, one half of 
which was purchased, successfully devoting his at- 
tention to agriculture and stock raising. He is a 
progressive, energetic citizen, thoroughly posted 
on general topics, and an enthusiastic supporter of 
the Republican party. He and his family are' 
members of the Presbyterian Church at Florence. 

JOHN P. WILSON. The family of which this 
gentleman is a worthy representative are of 
North of Ireland descent. Robert Wilson, 
the grandfather of our subject, emigrated to 
this country, aud made a settlement on a farm in 
Cecil township, Washington Co., Penn., where he 
died. He had married a Welsh lady, who bore 
him seven children: James, William E., Thomas, 
Isabel (Mrs. Buchanan), Mary, Annie and Jane 
(Mrs. James Campbell) — all now deceased. 

William E. Wilson, father of John P., was in his 
day a prominent agriculturist of Smith township, 
this county, where he bought a farm and made a 
settlement April 10, 1829. He had married, in 
1822, Miss Margaret, daughter of John Park, a 
sketch of whose family follows this. To this union 
were born eight children, viz.: Sarah Ann; Sam- 
uel P., in Burgettstown, Penn.; Martha (widow 
of Alexander Russell), also in Burgettstown; Nancy 
(deceased |; Isabella; John P.; Rebecca, of Bur- 



gettstown, anil William L., who lately moved to 
that town. The parents both passed away on their 
farm in Smith township, the father in 1871, at the 
age of nearly fourscore yearH, and the mother in 
1884, at the age of eighty- four years; they were 
members of the Secedei Church of Burgettstown, 
be being an elder in same. 

John P. Wilson was born December 11, 1837, 
on the old home farm in Smith township, and lived 
thereon until he was twenty-nine years of age. 
On January 10, 1807, he was married to Miss Jane, 
daughter of John Reed, Escj., a descendant of the 
Heeds, who came in 1775 from Lancaster county, 
Penn.. to this county. They settled in Mt. Pleas- 
ant township, on what is now known as the Me 
Bride farm, where they made improvements. This 
land, they claim, was unjustly taken from them by 
Gen. Washington. Being thus deprived of their 
land in Mt. Pleasant township, the family. moved 
to Cecil township, where their descendants are now 
to be found. David Heed married Margaret May, 
who bore him eight children, all now deceased, 
viz. : Alexander, David, Polly (Mrs. George Mur- 
ray), John (father of Mrs. John P. Wilson), James, 
Ins. -ph. Jennie, and one that died in infancy. 
John Reed graduated from college when sixteen 
years old and on November '_! 1, 1821, settled down 
to farm life in Mt. Pleasant township, where he 
passed the remainder of his days. He was mar- 
ried to Jane May, of Cecil township, and nine chil- 
dren were born to them: Phcebe (deceased); 
Margaret, in Washington county; David, in Bur- 
gettstown; John (deceased); George Murray, living 
at t lie old home; Jane, wife of John P. Wilson; 
Samuel, in McDonald, this county; Mary, at home, 
and Elizabeth, in Cecil township. The mother of 
this family died in 1844, aged forty-one years; the 
father in 1877, at the patriarchal age of ninety 
one years. Politically he was first a Whig, after 
ward a Republican; for many years he served as a 
justice of the peace, and for several terms he was 
in the State Legislature; for twenty-five years or 
more he was a member of the Seceder Church at 
Hickory. After marriage Mr. and Mrs. John P. 
Wilson remained in Smith township twenty-two 
years, then for two years resided in Canonsburg. 
whence in April, 1891 , they moved into the borough 
of Washington, where they have a pleasant home, 
the residence having been built by their two sons 
— J. Reed and William Park — who comprise all 
their family. John P. Wilson has been a lifelong 
agriculturist, but is now, although still retaining 
his farm, retired from active work in that line. 

The Pakk Family. Tradition says that in 1787 
John Park, then twenty eight years of age, was mar- 
ried in Washington county, by Rev. John McMillan, 
D. D., to a young daughter of Hon. John McDowell, 
of Chartiers township. This John Park was 
born December 18, 1758, a son of Samuel and Mary 

Park, who came hither before their marriage, from 
the North of Ireland, the voyage lasting six 
months, on the same vessel. Samuel Park was an 
importer of horses from the mother country, and 
in pursuit of his business he made three trips to 
the land of his birth. In this country he settled 
in Donegal township, Lancaster Co., Penn. In 
the fall of 1777 he came to Washington county, and 
for the sum of £450, or about $2,160, pur- 
chased of Matthew Rodgers some 500 acres of wild 
land, the bill of sale being dated December 7, 
1777. He then returned to Lancaster county, and 
sent out his sous, John and James, to clear some 
of this land, which they did, also erecting a log 
cabin and planting a crop, their sister Isabella ac- 
companying them, to keep house for them. Sam- 
uel Park was a hardworking, industrious man, 
widely known and respected for his strict integ- 

James Park, one of his sons, was born in 1760, 
He was with Col. William Crawford in his expedi 
tion against the Indians in northwestern Ohio, in 
1782. His wife was Isabella Craighead, and their 
children were: Samuel; George; James (deceased 
December 8, 1811); Mary, married in 1782 to Col. 
John Marshall (They then settled on Cross Creek, 
this county. Col. Marshall was born in 1740, and 
when the Revolutionary war broke out he entered 
tin- patriot army as a subaltern; he participated in 
thirteen battles, and at Trenton was severely 
wounded, a bullet entering his left side; was then 
promoted, and after the surrender of Cornwallis 
was made a brevet-major, Gen. Washington pre- 
senting him with a sword, which is now in the pos- 
session of his grandson, C. R. Marshall, of Rich 
land county, Ohio. The Colonel lost a brother at 
the battle of Brandy wine. Col. Marshall took part 
in the Whiskey Rebellion, was one of the "Coun- 
cil of Safety" held at Mingo Creek July 23, 17114, 
and at Monongahela City August 14, following, he 
presented the resolutions which were adopted; he 
was colonel of a volunteer regiment. In 1802 
he was elected to the Ohio State Legislature, and 
reelected in 1803-04. He died in Ohio September 
27, 1821, his wife several years later. They were 
the parents of ten children); Isabella Park was 
born in 1764, and was married in 1784, to Robert 
McGee, by whom she had five children (he died in 
1796, his widow passing away in Clark county, 
Ind.); Hugh Park, born in 1767, died while a 
young man. 

John and Sarah Park for a time lived in two 
small cabins, a few feet apart, but later removed to 
the homestead, or "Deer Park," as it was called 
upon the death of John's father. They were the 
parents of ten children, of whom the following is a 
brief sketch: Agnes, born July 31, 1783 (was mar 
ried to John White); John, born September 16, 
1792 (married in 1820, to Ann Colmery, who died 



January 8, 1823, and he afterward, in 1827 mar- 
ried Martha Couley); Samuel, born Decembei 25, 
1795 (graduated from Jefferson College afterward 
,a U "ht school, also surveyed; died in 1823, rom 
r/effectsof a fall from a roof); William, born 
July 15, 1797 (in 1831 bought 300 acres of land in 
Peters township; in 1833 he married Jane Law; 
was a member of the board of trustees of 
Jefferson College; a director of the Chartiers 
Valley Railroad; thirty years an elder of Centre 
Church; died November 6, 1870 iMargare^ born 
Marchl5,l800(marriedinl822toWdliamEW 1 l- 
aon); James was born November, 30, 18U2, Isa- 
bel born May 16, 1805 (married in 1831, to Henry 
vice); Sarah, born December 18, 1807 (married 
John Hickman); McDowell was born March 6, 181U, 
Rebecca, born November 14, 1814 (married James 
Rankin, of Washington. Penn.. and died April 18 
1S75). The father of this family served as a scout 
in the Revolutionary war. 

C CRAVIN is a son of Thomas Cravin, 
who was a native of Mifflin county, Penn., 
where he was reared and educated. W hen 
a young man he went to Guernsey county 
Ohio and was there married to Sarah 
Chalfant, a native of that county who l.ore hun six 
children, namely; Mary, wife of John Reed , Edith, 
married to Robert Jobes; Rachel, deceased; \\ < . , 
Thomas, and Tilson, who died in infancy. For lus 
second wife Mr. Cravin was married to Caroline 
[ngraham. He was a painter by trade, and 
followed that business throughout active life. 
He came to Brownsville. Penn., soon after his 
first marriage, and in 1852 went to California 
Penn., where he died in 1886. and was buried in | 
tha , viU age. In politics he was formerly an 
Abolitionist, then united with the Republican 
party, and in religion was a member of the M. E. 
Church, which he served as class-leader and 

' 'w^O Cravin was born February 16, 1843, in 
Brownsville, Fayette Co., Penn., and came with 
his parents to California, Washington Co Penn 
when but nine years of age. He attended the Ca - 
ifornia Normal School, also Dull b Business Col- 
lege, at Pittsburgh. On September 21, 1861. he en- 
listed in Company C, 85th P. V. I and was first 
sent to Washington, D. O, thence to the army of 
the p otom ac. He was in the Peninsular campaign, 
and being sent to North and South Carolina took 
p ar t i„ the battles in the latter State. When Grant 
took command of the army of the Potomac. WO. 
Cravin again entered that division, and partici- 
pated in Grant's advance on Richmond. Ate. 
the expiration of the three years for which he had 
entered the service, he reenlisted, and was appoint 

,.,l ca ptain of Company E, 199th Uegiment P. V. I. 

He served in that rank until mustered out at Rich- 
mond June 25, 1865, when he returned to J^ 
ington county, Penn. On December 4, 1866, he 
w£ united in marriage with Nancy, daughterof 
Samuel Rav. In 1867 Mr. Cravin opened a grocery 
establishment which he conducted for twelve years, 
when he sold out and in INS- entered the employ- 
ment of the Yohe brothers, with whom he is ye 
encased In political opinion he afhl.ated with 
thf Republican party until the Prohibition move- 
ment was organized, with which he is now in hearty 
Sympathy. In religious faith he is a member of 
the M. E. Church. 


AMUEL M. TEMPLETON. proprietor of 
drug store, Washington, is a native of the 
borough, born in June, 1835. His grand- 
father Dr. S. Murdoch, established a drug 
business in Washington many year s *g°, which the 
father, of our subject, Dr. Joseph Templeton who 
was a physician of prominence in his day, entered 

'" Samuel M. Templeton attended the common 
schools and college of the place of his birth receiv- 
ing a good practical education, and in 185,> began 
earning tin drug business in the store tha had 
been established by his P^^i^^^ 
coming a regular pharmacist. In 1861 he enlisted 
comnj B b TWlfrh P V I-, serving three 

in Company A, Iwelttn i. v. j.., » , 

months and after his discharge returned to Wash- 
ington, where he resumed the drug business at the 
same stand that had been previously occupied DJ 
his grandfather and father. . 

On June 10, 1868, Mr. Templeton was married 
to Rebecca, daughter of Alexander Murdoch of 
Washington, by which union there are three chil- 
dren -Alexander M., Nelly and Betty-all yet hy- 
ing at home. Politically our subject is a Repub- 
lictn, but is no office seeker. In church connection 
t he is of the United Presbytenan His ,es 

dence is on North Main street, just outside the 
' borough limits. 

in the borough of Bridgeport. Fayette 
county, Penn., February 11, 1845 On his 
mother's side, his ancestry, which had been 
American-born for several generations, was 
of English extraction. . 

Dr Benjamin Stevens, his grandfather, emigrat- 
ed from Maryland to Fayette county, where he 
was a widely known practitioner of medicine and 
where he established and for many years operated 
an iron forge. Though dying before he attained 
old ace. Dr. Stevens left to survive him several 
children of whom one, Priscilla, was the mother 
of the subject of this sketch. H,s immed.ate 


trusv^L r-u> 


WASlll.Xi; TON COUS I ) . 


paternal ancestors wen- Irish, but of Scotch origin. 
The latter part of the eighteenth century was not 
onlj a period of general European wars hut of 
profound discontent among the sons '>f Erin, and 
open rebellion against English rule. The sue 
cesses of Sir John Jarvis and Admiral Duncan cm 
the water, the overthrow of the United Irishmen 
and the complete suppression of the revolt by the 
storming of the camp on Vinegar Hill, established 
the supremacy of England, and many a brave 
Irishman preserved his life and his liberty by flight 

from his native laud. It was during these stormy 
tunes that Arthur Duncan sought refuge in 
America ami settled in Fayette county, I'cim. 
There he pursued his vocation of an iron worker 
at the forge of Dr. Stevens, already mentioned. 
He left a family of eight children, of whom the 
following are Mt ill living: Enos Duncan, Mrs. 
.lane Stanford, Mrs. Elizabeth Doolittle, and Hon, 
Thomas Duncan, who was the oldest, is now (1893) 
eight) seven years of age, lives in Bridgeport, 

Payette Co.. Penn., and is tie- father of the 
subject of this memoir, lie was at limes an active 

politician and was elected commissioner of his 
native county (Fayette), and for ten years served 

as one of the judges of its courts. Some years ago 
he withdrew from business and public affairs, and 

iH now leading a retired life. In earl) maul d 

he married l'riscilla Stevens, who died in lS7:i at 
the age of sixty six years. She was a woman of 
more than ordinary strength of character, took a 
lively interest in the charitable ami benevolent 
enterprises of the community in which she lived, 
and left a monument in the memories of the people 
with and for whom she labored. The fruit of this 
union was five children, viz.: Sophia, now deceased, 
who was married to W. II. Laning; Elizabeth, 
now widow of William Worrell (deceased), ami a 
resident of the above menl ioned borough of J .ridge 
port; Dr. W. S. Duncan, a physician ami surgeon 
of wide reputation and extensive practice, who 
died in 1892; Arthur Duncan, whose death occurred 
as he was about entering manhood, and Thomas 
Jefferson Duncan, whose name stands at the open 
nig of this article. 

His boyhood days were spent in his native town, 
where he attended the graded public school. 
Soon after leaving this school, lie was placed un- 
der the tuition of \i. N. Hartshorn, an enthusiastic 
and successful instructor, who afterward became a 
professor in the college at Mt. Union, Ohio. It 
was at this time in his career that young Duncan, 
at •about the age of eighteen years, first turned his 
attention to pedagogism. He was elected teacher 
of a school in Wharton township, one of the 
mountain districts of Fayette county. In this 
region, " far from the madding crowd's ignoble 
strife," he passed one winter amid experiences 
that were as novel to him as the rugged and snow 

clad sce'nerj of the mountains was grand and im- 
posing. He not only labored for (he children but 
lived among the people. Here were social ens 
toms, phases of life, and revelations of fact that 
were as strange to the' new 'master'' as they were 
real. As he once expressed tin' situation: "He 
not only taught lessons in the three It's from the 
books, but learned lessons from the pages of life 
and the volume of nature." Having completed 

this engagement, I ntered Mt. Union College, 

Ohio, and was (here during the bitter contest in 

1864 between the faculty and tile -Indents relative 
to the authority of the former over the literary so 
cieties. The college authorities, of course, tri 

umpired, and several of (he undergraduates who 
were most active in I he affair were dismissed from 
the institution. Others vol ii ntarih withdrew. Dun 
can was among the latter ami with one of his 
friends, now Rev, John II. Hartman, was soon 
afterward pursuing his sludies in Vermillion In 
stitute, at rlaysville, Ohio. His name appears 
for two years in (he published catalogue of this 

scl I. which, under the supervision of Rev. Sand 

era Diefendorf, was then a flourishing academy, 
attended by hundreds of students from ( 'an ad a and 

eleven Stales of the I'llioli. While here his 
health became broken, and he was forced to return 
home for its recuperation. He was able to 
resume his studies in the spring of 1866, and 
matriculated in Washington ami Jefferson Colleee, 
at Washington, Penn., from which he was gradu 

ated two .ears later. The class of 1868 was of 

the largest ever sent out by this institution, and on 
its role of membership are the names of gentlemen 
who have since attained distinction in their several 
professions. Among them are Prof. D. J. Me 
Adam, Hon. H. .1. Eckly, S. H. Fisher, ('. E., 
.lames S Mooilead, Esq., Rev. T. J. Sherrard, 
Rev. L. M. Gilleland, Hon. W Ii. Sutton and 
others. During his senior year he was both 
student and teacher in the college (officially tutor), 
and, as such, had partial charge of the classes of 
the preparatory department. After graduation he 
was invited to continue this relation, but, declining 
so i,. do, accepted the Superintendency of the pub 
lie schools of his native (own, and continued in that 
position for two years. Throughout his term of ser\ 
ice he was energetic in the administration of both 
the methods of instruction for use by the assistant 
teachers and the affairs of discipline among the 
pupils; and it is said there are now men in (he 
community, whose heads begin to show the silvery 
touches of years, who when as boys on mischief 
bent, learned by experience, at this time, that the 
way of the transgressor was hard. His next move 
was to East Liverpool, Ohio, where he had been 
elected Superintendent of Schools. The condition 

of educat tonal affairs here required a complete reor 
ganization of the system. His plans were, how 



ever, supported by the Board of Control, aud he 
had the co-operation of a corps of efficient teachers. 
The schools grew rapidly in both membership and 
reputation under his management, which con 
tinned two years. He had, when at college, regis- 
tered himself as a student of law in the office of I. 
Y. Hamilton, Esq., and he gave up his position at 
East Liverpool with a view to the completion of his 
professional studies. The fall of 1872, however, 
found him in the ranks from which he had so re- 
cently withdrawn. This time he was located in 
Pittsburgh, Penn., where he continued four years, 
having supervision, as Principal, of the public 
schools of the Fifteenth and Seventeenth Wards of 
that city. As a disciplinarian h? was considered 
firm if not rigid; in methods of instruction he was 
progressive; and his schools were frequently visited 
by teachers from other sections of the city. His 
field of labor was, however, more extensive than the 
district. He was an active member of the College 
of Principals, a frequent instructor at teachers' in- 
stitutes of the city, at times accepted invitations 
to render similar services for conventions in other 
counties, lectured at the Teachers' State Associa- 
tion, and was an occasional contributor to the press 
on subjects relating to the profession in which he 
was engaged. During the preceding years, he had 
devoted what time could be appropriated from 
other duties to his legal studies, and, in the fall 
of 187T>, was admitted to practice law in the courts 
of Washington county. Subsequently he was ad- 
mitted to the Supreme Court of the State, and such 
of the United States Courts as business or other 
matters rendered desirable. In the summer of 1876 
he first located and offered his services as a law 
yer at Washington, Penn., where, without in- 
terruption, he has continued the practice of law 
ever since. This was the year of the memorable ! 
Presidential campaign in which Tilden and Hayes 
were the rival candidates. Mr. Duncan threw 
his energies into the contest, and proving an ac- 
ceptable speaker addressed numerous meetings 
throughout the county, making acquaintances aud 
friends as he went. It was not long until he found 
himself with a fair clientage, and his practice has 
steadily increased until he is now one of the hard- 
est worked members of the bar. As a lawyer he is 
faithful and devoted to his clients and persistent 
for their welfare and success, or, as has been 
sometimes said, stubborn in the advocacy of causes 
entrusted to his care. His library is well sup- 
plied with books, which, in the preparation of 
cases, are brought into frequent requisition, and 
his briefs usually tend toward elaborateness rather 
than otherwise. He is an earnest, persistent 
worker, valuing time according to the results that 
may be wrested from it: and people who know 
him attribute whatever success he has attained as 
largely to level headeduess and patient work as any 

other elements of his character. In politics he 
has always been a Democrat, and in the campaigns 
preceding general elections usually stumps his 
own and other counties in behalf of the party with 
which he is identified. While thus interested in 
politics, and often a participant in the counsels 
and conventions of the party of his choice, he has 
never sought for himself the reward of office but 
has uniformly refused to be a candidate for positions 
of a political character. The only apparent excep 
tion to this statement wasiu 1870. That year he was 
the nominee for district attorney, an office, which 
falls within the line of his legitimate professional 
life and to which only lawyers are eligible. In 1888 
the Democratic Convention of the Twenty- fourth 
Congressional District nominated him as the party 
candidate for Congress in opposition to his known 
wishes. The convention had been in session two 
days, during both of which in response to inquiries 
he had telegraphed forbidding the use of his name 
and stating his unwillingness to accept the posi- 
tion, if tendered him. Disregarding his protest, 
the convention proclaimed him the candidate and 
appointed a committee to give him formal notice 
of its action. His name was at once published 
throughout the district as the party representa- 
tive, and it was said created enthusiasm under the 
belief that it indicated party success. The com- 
mittee of notification just mentioned consisted of 
James H. Hoover, of Fayette county ; Joseph A. 
Skelly, of Allegheny; James Smith, of Greene; and 
John P. Charlton, of Washington. When waited 
upon by them, Mr. Duncan adhered to his original 
resolution and declined to accept the nomination. 
The prospects of his election were considered flatter- 
ing, and the district is now represented by a Demo- 
crat. The reasons assigned by him were of a per- 
sonal and private character arising chiefly from a 
desire to apply his time and energies to the welfare 
of his family and to business affairs. In his letter 
of declination, which was widely published and 
quoted from, he stated that "among his party 
associates he did not recall a single individual to- 
ward whom he entertained the slightest feeling of 
political animosity or whose advancement he would 
willingly impede in the least, that he united 
with unabated interest in the efforts of the people 
to maintain their liberties against the encroach 
ments of power unjustly exercised whether mani 
festing itself in the form of monopolizing combina- 
tions and trusts, corporate aggregations or official 
usurpation, that he was uncompromisingly opposed 
to legislation in the interest of favored classes, to 
the squandering of the public domain, to oppress- 
ive and unnecessary taxation direct or indirect, 
and to the tendency during the past few years to a 
centralization of power in the administration of 
governmental affairs, and that he adhered to the 
principles of just government administered wisely 



and economically for the peace, safety and pros- 
perity of its citizens as a whole, without prefer 
ence or favor as to class, locution, race, or other 
b;isis of distinction." 

In religion Mr. Duncan is more immediately as- 
sociated with the denomination of Methodists, in 
which he has been a communicant for many years. 
At the time this sketch is written (1893) he is con- 
nected with the First M. E. Church of Washington, 
Penn., and has for years past been a member of its 
Board of Trustees and Treasurer of its Stewards' 
Fund. In addition to his professional duties Mr. 
Duncan is connected with various business and 
other organizations of the community and county 
in which he resides, to some of which he sustains 
official relations. Among them are the following: 
Director and Vice-President of the Farmers and 
Mechanics National Bank of Washington, Penn. ; 
member of the Board of School Directors; Trustee 
and chairman of the Finauce Committee of the 
Dime Savings Institution of Washington, Penn. ; 
Chairman of the Board of Examiners of the Courts 
of the county; Trustee of the Young Men's Chris- 
tian Association; President of the Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Auimalsaud Children;Cur- 
ator and Treasurer of the Citizens Library Associa- 
tion, and others. In July, 1880, he was married to 
Miss Eleanor Morris, for a memoir of whom and for 
reference to his domestic life see the article imnie 
diately succeeding this. 

Mrs. Eleanor M. Duncan is the wife of T. J. 
Duncan, Esq., whose life is outlined in the last 
preceding sketch. She was born in West Browns 
ville, Washington Co., Penn., December II, 1856, 
ami is a descendant from two families well known in 
Revolutionary and Colonial times, of whom, per- 
haps, the most noted representatives are Capt. 
Jonathan Morris, a soldier of the Revolution, Dr. 
Jonathan Morris and Benjamin West, the cele- 
brated artist. Her maternal grandfather was W. 
H. Miller, a native of Barren county, Ky., who 
was born in 1800, and died in Hart county, said 
State, at the advanced age of eighty-two years. 
His wife, Elizabeth, died at Louisville, Ky., in 
1857. They had issue five children, all girls — 
Mary E., Emily, Louisa, Julia, and Sarah J., who 
wps born in February, 1825; she is the mother of 
the lady whose name commences this article, and 
now resides with one of her daughters at Bennett's 
Station, Penn. She is said to have been a young 
woman of rare beauty, and at the ago of nearly 
eighteen years was married to Capt. Benjamin 
F. Morris, who was fifteen years her senior. 

Mrs. Duncan's paternal ancestry includes two 
distinguished Quaker families, the Wests and the 
Morrises. David Morris emigrated from Wales, 
and married Mary Phillipine in or about the year 
1685. Their home was on the west bank of the 
Delaware river, below Philadelphia, where their 

children, David, Isaac, Elizabeth, Mordecai and 
Jonathan, were born. The family increased rap- 
idly and was distributed through several eastern 
counties of the State. A recent historian says: 
" Every branch of it retained the names David, 
Jonathan, Isaac and Mordecai. Notwithstanding 
the fact that they were Quakers, they took part in 
the Revolution, several members of the family 
serving throughout the war in the Continental 
Line." Among the early settlers of western Penn- 
sylvania was Jonathan Morris, a grandsou of 
David (the Welshman), who, soon afterthe Revolu 
tionary war, came with his family from the East 
and settled in Washington county among the 
Quakers, in what is now East Bethlehem township. 
He had previously married a sister of Benjamin 
West, the famous painter. The Wests were also 
Quakers, and members of that family came, 
about the same time, to Washington county, the 
name still being borne by later generations in the 
eastern part of the count v Judge William West, 
the blind orator of Ohio, is a descendant of Jona- 
than West and a relative of the Mrs. Morris al- 
ready named. Jonathan Monis died about 1788. 
Four sons survived him. In a late publication it 
stated that three of them were soldiers in the war 
for American independence. They were Joseph, 
David (who was for many years keeper of the cele- 
brated hostelry, the "Globe Inn,'' of Washington, 
Penn. ), Jonathan (a captain of the Revolutionary 
war, who is said toahave equipped, at his own ex- 
pense, a full company of Continental soldiers; was 
wounded at the battle of Brandvwiue, and died in 
Fredericktown. Washington county, in 1838), and 
Jesse (who was born in 1771). 

On April 12, 1749, Jesse Morris married Sarah 
Blackmore, the day before slu> was seventeen years 
of age. Their children were eleven in number, 
viz.: Rebecca, Elizabeth, Mary Ann, Sarah, David, 
Almira, Martha W.. Benjamin F.. Cynthia, 
Adelia M. and Jesse J. Benjamin F. Morris, the 
father of Mrs. Duncan, was born in Washington 
county, May 3, 18011, and died at Fredericktown, 
said county, June 18, 1882. He was for many 
years a steamboat pilot and captain on the Ohio 
and Mississippi rivers, where he was known not 
only as a genial, kind-hearted man, but also as a 
courteous, prompt and efficient officer. He aban 
doned river life about the commencement of 
the late Civil war. Capt. Jonathan Morris, of 
Revolutionary fame, at the time of his death, in 
1838, had willed or given his nephew (Capt. B. F. 
Morris) his blue military cloak. For it the latter 
seemed to possess a peculiar affection, and, in ac- 
cordance with his request, this cloak became his 
shroud and was buried with his body in the Quaker 
burying ground of Westland. During one of his 
trips on the Ohio river, Capt. B. F. Morris met 
Miss Sarah J. Miller, at Louisville, Ky. , and they 



were afterward married August 15, 1842. Their 
married life was spent chiefly in Pittsburgh, West 
Brownsville and Fredericktown. The product of 
this union was nine children, viz.: Jesse J., mar- 
nod to Nancy E. Sharpneck; Mary E., married 
first, to Leroy Hiller, and, after his death, to W. 
\V. Reeves; Adelia M., who died at the age of 
about two years; Sarah Louise, married to John 
Orumrine; L. Franklin, married to Jennie Cowden; 
William B., who died in infancy : Samuel, married 
to Annie Reece; Eleanor, the subject of this 
sketch; Loreua M., married to John V. Stathers, 
and died September 21, 1883. All whose deaths 
are not mentioned are at this time (1893) living in 
or near Pittsburgh, Penn., except Mrs. Duncan. 
When Mrs. Duncan was about two years of age, 
her parents changed the family residence from 
West Brownsville to Fredericktown, where she re- 
ceived the first elements of her education in the 
public school. In 1809 the Morris family removed 
to Pittsburgh. Here she attended the schools of 
the Seventeenth Ward, in which she completed the 
course of study in 1873. At this time her present 
husband was Principal of the schools, and she 
came under his surpervisory if not immediate con- 
trol. The acquaintance thus formed soon grew to 
a friendship and ripened into that more ardent 
passion that culminated in their marriage in 1880, 
after Mr. Duncan had established himself in his 
legal practice at Washington. They have resided 
there ever since. She is a reader of books, takes 
an interest in the political as well as other current 
news of the day, is a ready and entertaining con- 
versationalist and a pleasing entertainer at her 
handsome home where she receives her many 
friends. They have one child, a daughter, called 
Ina, who is now (1893) past eleven years of age. 
Soon after completing her studies in 1872, the 
subject of this sketch, then in her seventeenth 
year, was elected teacher of one of the schools of 
the Thirty first Ward of Pittsburgh from which 
she accepted an invitation to a position in the 
Fifteenth Ward, where she continued until her 
marriage in 1880. During this time she held a 
Professional Certificate, received a Teacher's 
Permanent Certificate from the State, and was 
elected a member of the Pittsburgh Academy of 
Teachers. She is a member of the M. E. Church, 
and is identified with various benevolent enter 
prises conducted in its behalf. As an amateur she 
lias for her own pleasure devoted a portion of her 
.ime for several years to art studies, and has pro- 
duced a number of paintings in oil, which have 
received favorable comment from critics and pro 
fessional artists. During the past year Mrs. Dun- 
can served as a member of the Ladies Auxiliary 
Committee of Pennsylvania for the World's Fair. 
She was an active worker, and rendered efficient 
services in promoting an interest and securing sta- 

tistics or exhibits of women's work for the Colum 
bian Exposition from the district to which she was 

f [ AMES FRANKLIN TAYLOR, one of the 

best known and influential native born at- 

vij torneys of Washington county, first saw the 

"-^ light of day in South Strabane township, 

January 15, 1854. 

The first of his family to come to Washington 
county was Henry Taylor, who moved hither from 
Cecil comity, Md., sometime prior to 1780. Wash 
ington county was erected in March. 1781, and 
Henry Taylor became the first judge or president 
of courts therein, his appointment, which was 
dated October 2, 1781, coming from the chief exec- 
utive council of Pennsylvania. He served with 
much ability as judge some years, and after a short 
interval was reappointed September 30, 178S, to 
the same position. He married Jane White, who 
bore him eleven children, of whom Matthew was 
the grandfather of the subject of these lines. 
Henry Taylor took up a "tomahawk right" to 
over 1,200 acres of land in the Rich Hills, in this 
county, all of which, with the exception of the 
Matthew Taylor estate, of South Strabane town- 
ship, has passed out of the family. This sturdy 
old pioneer passed away from the scenes of his 
busy and eventful life in 1800. In addition to his 
civil offices, he was a general in the militia, and 
his commission is still in the possession of the 

Matthew Taylor, son of Henry, and a native of 
South Strabane township, this county, is claimed 
as having been the first white child born west of 
the mountains. He was a farmer by occupation, 
owningtheold homestead, and traveled considerably 
all over the county, which, in those early days, was 
a matter of no small enterprise. He married Miss 
Nancy Hutchinson, a woman of strong character, 
powerful will, thrifty in the extreme, the antithe- 
sis, it is recorded, of her husband. Of this union 
were born eleven children : Matthew, James, 
Thomas, George and William H. H. (all of whom 
died in Washington county), Polly (Mrs. John 
MacFarland), Sarah Jane (Mrs. Oliver Lindsay), 
Eliza (Mrs. Van Eman, in the West, the only 
member of this family now living), Henry (killed 
by a falling chimney, at a fire in Washington), 
Nancy (Mrs. Hugh Reynolds) and Rachel (Mrs. 
Workman Hughes). The mother died at the patri- 
archal age of niuety-two years, leaving to her chil- 
dren the imprint of her resolute and startling 

William Henry Harrison Taylor, son of Matthew 
and Nancy Jane (Hutchinson) Taylor, was born 
in 1830 in South Strabane township, Wash- 
ington Co., Penn., educated at the schools of his 



district, attending also Washington and Jefferson 
College, several years, and on the old homestead 
was reared to the multiform duties of farm life. 
In 1850 he married Miss Jane E. , daughter of 
Charles E. Jones, who was born in 1799 in Eng- 
land, where he followed the carpenter's trade, and 
where he married Susan Judsou. In 1827 they 
came to America, settling in Washington, Penn., 
where he continued his trade in connection with 
contracting for house building. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jones had the following children: Mary, Sarah, 
two that died in infancy, Jane E.. William, Susan, 
Sylvester F., James J. and George O. The mother 
died in 1871, aged seveuty-one years, the father 
January 11, 1883. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Taylor were born six children, 
of whom the following is a succinct record: Ed- 
ward M., pastor of the Tremont VS.. E. Church at 
Boston, Mass. (in 1872 he graduated from Wash 
ington and Jefferson College, and afterward with 
first honors at Boston School of Divinity; was on 
the circuit for a time, prior to locating in Massa- 
chusetts; married Miss Mary Bradford, a descend- 
ant of a " May Flower " family); James Franklin, 
the subject proper of this sketch; Emma, wife of 
John A. Hall, assistant postmaster at Washington, 
Penn.; Alice, who died at tin- age of eleven years; 
William Nelson, senior member of the firm of Tay- 
lor & Speer, in the iron commission business at 
Pittsburgh, and who married a daughter of Ste- 
phen Crump; Susan Jane, wife of Dr. Mauni, of 

Mr. and Mrs. Taylor remained on the farm until 
1806, when they moved with their family into 
Washington, for the purpose of educating their 
children, where he opened a general fresh and salt 
meat business, including pork packing and stock 
buying, and formed a partnership with Robert 
Charlton, which continued till the latter' s death, 
after which Mr. Taylor carried on the business alone 
till the time of his decease, February 9, 1884, he 
being then fifty-four years old. He is buried in 
Washiugton cemetery. A stanch Republican and 
a loyal American, he took a strong interest in all 
national matters, political or otherwise, but was 
no office seeker. During the war of the Rebellion 
he was a fearless, out-spoken Union man, frequent 
ly even to the extent of exciting the ire of some 
less loyal acquaintance. He was a consistent 
member of the M. E. Church, and one of the lead- 
ers in the congregation in building the new First 
M. E. church, at Washington, of which he was a 
trustee. He was a pronounced advocate of educa- 
tion, and gave his children every advantage pos- 
sible in that line, sending his sons to college and 
his daughters to seminaries, and held the office of 
school director at different times. He was, physic 
ally, a strong, vigorous man, but succumbed to 

diabetes, from which he was a sufferer for several 
years. Honest in his dealings, a despiser of shams 
of all kinds, and a hater of deceit and mendacity, 
he made and kept hosts of warm friends, who re- 
spected and honored him for his many virtues. 
Since his departure, his widow, still hale and 
hearty, has continued to reside at the old town 
house on West Wheeling street. 

James Franklin Taylor was about twelve years 
old when the family moved to Washington, at the 
public schools of which place he received a liberal 
English education. He then entered the prepara- 
tory department of Washington and Jefferson Col 
lege, and continued until the end of the junior 
year, when lie ceased study for a year for recuper- 
ation, intending to return the following year, but 
changed his mind when his old classmates had 
graduated and "one forth. Having decided to 
take up the legal profession, Mr. Taylor, in 1876, 
commenced the study of law in the office of Boyd 
Crumrine, and November 10, 1879, was admitted 
to the bar of the county. He at once opened an 
office in Washington and commenced practice; but 
later returned to Mr. Crumrine's office, where he 
remained until 1883, in which year he was elected 
district attorney, and after serving three years was 
re-elected for another term. There was no opposi 
tion to his nomination, as he was very popular 
with the people, having served with full satisfac- 
tion to his constituents in previous offices. In 
1882 he was chairman of the Republican County 
Committee, prior to which he had served as secre- 
tary of the same; was also assistant burgess of the 
borough of Washington for one term. On Janu- 
ary 1, 1891, our subject entered into the present 
partnership with Winfield Mcllvaine. making a 
strong team in the general practice of law. Mr. 
Taylor's success as a lawyer has been such that he 
has been prominently mentioned for the position 
of judge of the several courts of his native county, 
the position twice filled by his great-grandfather, 
the Hon. Henry Taylor. 

Iu September, 1884, Mr. Taylor married Annie 
Walton, eldest daughter of Rev. Richard L. Mil- 
ler, D. D., pastor of an M. E. Church in Pitts- 
burgh, and of this union have been born three 
children: Alice, Woodward and Virginia, all at 
the parental home on East Maiden street imme- 
diately outside the eastern limits of the borough, 
the house being of brick, comfortable and com- 

Mr. Taylor is a director (was one of the 
first directors) of the Citizens National Bank, of 
which he was an original stockholder; and was 
also one of the three serving as a committee on the 
erection of a building for the same bank. While a 
student at college he was a prominent member of 
the Delta Tau Delta Fraternity. 



QEORGE T. WALKER. As citizens and 
individuals, the American people have an 
insatiable thirst for biographical reading. 
A great man dies, and the people jostle each 
other in the library, hook store and news 
stand to obtain the record of his life. What is the 
secret? Can it be only a vulgar curiosity which 
prompt sua to search the lives of our public men 
or more humble fellow-citizens? While in some 
cases it must be admitted that this is indeed one 
element of the cause, it is not the real motive of 
the mass, or of even a considerable portion of 
biographical readers. Our leading public men 
and more successful citizens have each certain 
characteristics which have contributed lajgely to 
their success, and we, their humble neighbors, 
need the benefit of their example to guide us in 
the common walks of duty. We also need the 
record of lives similar to our own, for we are the 
same that our fathers have been, and by studying 
their biographies, we can avoid their mistakes and 
profit by their wisdom. 

The original Walker family were natives of 
Ireland, the firstof whom to emigrate being one 
George Walker. He was a farmer, and coming to 
America was married, and reared two children — 
Nancy, wife of Zaphaniah Mercer, of Chartiers 
township, this county, and Thomas. The parents 
die I many years ago. Thomas Walker was born 
in 1.822 at Bower Hill, Allegheny Co., Peuu., and 
in early life came with his parents to Washington, 
Penu. He learned the carpenter's trade and fol- 
lowed it for several years in his native city; then 
moved to Pittsburgh, Penn., but soon returned to 
Washington. Iu 1806 he and Mr. Fitzwilliams 
built a planing mill, Mr. Klevis afterward becom- 
ing a partner. Thomas Walker was married, while 
in Pittsburgh, to Elizabeth Wilson (daughter of 
William Wilson), who bore him children as follows: 
William, Annie (wife of George Caldwell, of 
Washington), George T. , Robert, Kate, Roweua 
(Mrs. William Brown, of Washington), Maria 
(living with her brother George T.) and Burns. 
Of these children, William, Robert, Kate ami 
Burns are deceased. The father was a general 
contractor and builder, and in polities aRepub 
licau, serving as a member of the council several 
times, also filling minor offices. He was a mem 
ber of the I. O. O. F. and was always willing to 
aid others. As a contractor, he had the largest 
trade of the city, and erected many of the most 
elegant buildings, among which may be mentioned 
the United Presbyterian Church, the Second 
Presbyterian Church, Hazlett's Bank, Reed's 
Block and several others. In personal appearance 
he was slightly below the medium height, weighing 
240 pounds. He died in 1886, in his sixty-fourth 
year, of heart trouble, having been preceded to the 
''long home" by his wife in 1882. 

George T. Walker was born November 7. 1855, 
in Washington, Washington Co., Penn. , and at- 
tended the public schools until 1870, afterward 
spending two terms at Washington and Jefferson 
College. He then entered a planing mill and 
learned the carpenter's trade, when he was given 
the position of foreman, which he occupied some 
time. In 1878 he went to Texas, but not liking 
that part of the country, returned to Washington. 
In 1885 he formed a partnership under the firm 
name of Walker & Son, which continued until 1NN7, 
when he associated himself with C. M. Slater in 
the general contracting and lumber business. On 
December 25, 1883, George T. Walker married 
Olive B. , daughter of Samuel Fulton, a citizen of 
Washington. In December, 1890, she was called 
from earth, leaving two children, Margaret and 
Thomas. Mr. Walker built the Citizens' National 
Bank, and many private residences in Washington. 
Iu 1884 he erected his present elegant home on 
West Chestnut street, and is at present engaged in 
the construction of the college gymnasium. He 
owns many houses and a considerable amount of 
real estate in and near Washington City, having 
dealt in the real estate business quite extensively. 
He is also interested in the oil business, and is a 
member of the Producers' Association. In politics 
Mr. Walker is an active Republican, having held 
various local offices; for five years he was in Com- 
pany H, Tenth Regiment State Militia, under Col. 
Hawkins, of Beallsville, Washington county. In 
brief, George T. Walker is one of the most pios- 
perous, well-known and popular business men of 

fi DALLAS JACKSON, a typical self-made 

I man, whose trade banner bears the legend — 
ft J '"The hammer in the hand above all the arts 
^^ doth stand" — is a native of Washington 
county, having been born April 13, 1840, in 
Hanover township. James Jackson, his grand 
father, a native of eastern Pennsylvania, came to 
Hanover township at an early day where he died. 
By occupation he was a farmer, in religious faith 
a member of the M. E. Church, and, in politics, a 
Whig. His children were Andrew, John, Noble, 
Perry and James. 

John Jackson, father of the subject of this 
sketch, was born in Hanover township, this county. 
October 5, 1808, his educatiou being received at 
the subscription schools of his district. He was 
reared to agricultural pursuits, which he followed 
all his life with marked success iu his native town 
ship. On March 3. 183(5, Mr. Jackson was married 
to Margaret, daughter of James Matthews, of Lan- 
caster county, Penn., and they then commenced 
married life on the farm adjoining that on which 
he was born. Here he remained some years, when 



he sold this property and removed into the village 
of Florence, in the same township, where he passed 
the remainder of his life retired from active labor, 
dying March 11, 1853. He was an Old line Whig 
in politics, and a member of the M. E. Church. 
The names of his children are as follows: Martha 
J., Andrew M., John Dallas, Horatio C. and 
Sarah J. 

The subject proper of this biographical memoir 
received a liberal education at the common schools 
of his native township, and at the age of fourteen 
came to Washington, where he entered the employ 
of S. B. & C. Hayes, as an apprentice to the trade 
of carriage builder. With this firm he remained 
some sixteen years, in part as apprentice, in part 
as journeyman, and then moved to Wheeling, W. 
Va. , but after a stay there of fifteen mouths re- 
turned to Washington. In 1S74 he opened his 
present widely. known carriage and wagon shop in 
the borough, where is also carried on a general 
line of blacksmithing, employment being given to 
six hands. Here, by industry, perseverance, thor- 
ough, honest work, judicious economy and close 
attention to business, Mr. Jackson has built up one 
of the most prosperous houses of the kind in the 
county. Ou January 8, 1859, he married Mary 
E. , daughter of Jacob Miller, of Washington, 
Penn., dud the children born to this union are 
James W., Sarah M., Jacob, John, Susan (de- 
ceased), Ella, Wray (deceased), Emma, Daisy and 
Joseph. Our subject is a member of the M. E. 
Church, and in politics is a Democrat, 

RS. ANICA CHAMBERS, a well-known 
and much-esteemed lady of Washington 
borough, is the daughter of Thomas Bar- 
1 low, whose ancestors were among the first 
pioneer settlers of America. 
Henry Preble (the grandfather of Mrs. Cham 
bers) was descended from one of the oldest pioneer 
families, the first of his ancestry to set foot on 
American soil being one Abraham Preble. He 
sailed from England about the year 1636, with the 
"men of Kent," and first located in Plymouth 
county, Mass. Soon after his arrival Abraham 
Preble was married to Juliette, a daughter of Elder 
Nathaniel Tilden. and the young couple moved to 
York, province of Maine, where he died March 30, 
1663. Frances Anica Preble, daughter of Henry 
Preble, was born December 25, 1797, and on July 
28, 1817, was married to Thomas Barlow, who was 
born in 1794 in Connecticut. Five children were 
born to them, namely : Frances Emma, Anica 
(Mrs. Chambers). Harriet, Francis Joel and Fred- 
erick Stephen. The father died in 1859, at Wash- 
ington, Penn. 

Anica (Barlow) Chambers, the subject proper of 
this sketch, was married in the year 1855 to John 

D. Chambers, who was born in 1818, in Washing 
ton, Penn. At the age of thirteen years he entered 
Smith's store as clerk, and afterward became a 
member of the firm of Chambers & Matthews, the 
business being established in the block now occu 
pied by Morgan's dry-goods store. Mr. Matthews 
died, and Mr. Chambers then closed up the busi 
ness, which was very extensive. The children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. John D. Chambers were: Emma 
(Mrs. J. S. Humbird), Anica Barlow, Mary (Mrs 
0. M. Ward), Henry Preble, and Harriet I who 
die.) in 1868). Mr. Chambers died in 1886. He 
was interested in the gas company, being one of 
the early stockholders, and in polities was a Repub 

LEMENT M. SLATER, of the firm of 
Walker & Slater, builders, and proprietors 
of a planing mill in the borough of Wash 
ington, is a native of the county, born 
August 9, 1848, in West Alexander. His grand 
father, James Slater, married Catherine Martin. 
and three of their children are David (father of 
Clement M.), Martin (in West Alexander) and 
Mrs McKahan (in Washington, Penn.). James 
Slater, who was a farmer, died in 1859 in West 
Alexander at the age of seventy-one years. 

David Slater was born February 28, 1818, near 
West Alexander. He was educated at the sub- 
script ion schools of his neighborhood, and fol- 
lowed farming pursuits in Washington county till 
the age of twenty-four, when he moved to Ohio 
county, W. Va., where he now resides on his farm. 
In 1S47 he married Miss Elizabeth, daughter of 
Dwight Warren, of New Hamphire, by trade a 
builder of windmills, and who came in 1837 to 
Washington county, where he died at the age of 
seventy years; his wife departed this life some five 
or six years later. Their children were Mrs. 
McKeag and Henry C. , both in Washington; Rose 
Warren, living in West Alexander, and Elizabeth. 
To Mr. and Mrs. David Slater nine children were 
born, as follows: Clement M. ; Rosa; Horace M , 
a carpenter in Oscaloosa, Iowa; William (deceased); 
Warren, living near West Alexander, this county; 
Frank, a farmer at Blue Hill, Neb. ; Augusta, mar- 
ried to James McMurray, a farmer near West 
Alexander; Wendell P., farming ou the homestead, 
and Vernon. living at home. 

Clement M. Slater received a liberal education 
at the common schools of the place of his birth, 
working on his father's farm until he attained the 
age of sixteen years, when he commenced to learn 
carpentering in West Alexander. This trade he 
followed there some three years, and April 7, 1874, 
came to Washington, and for twelve years worked 
for Walker & Klevisas journeyman. On the death 
of both members of this firm, our subject and 



( reorge Walker (son of the old partner) hougbt ont 
tlif business, and have since carried it on jointly, 
tlieir general line being sawing and planing, house 
building, contracting, etc. 

On January 5, 1 NT I . Mr. Slater was married at 
Constitution, Washington Co., Ohio, to Jennie, 
daughter of Rhoda Mendelhall. This wife died 
November 6, 1876, leaving one child, George W. , ! 
who, on May 4, L890, was run over by a train on 
the B. & O. It. It., from the effects of which he 
died after six hours' suffering, at the age of nearly 
eighteen years. On March 16, 1887, Mr. Slater 
married Miss Minerva Taylor, of Parkersbu'rg, W. 
Va. , daughter of Alexander and Delilah Taylor, 
also natives of that State. No children have been 
born to this union. Mr. Slater is a Republican, 
and has filled various offices of trust with consider- 
able ability. He and his wife are members of the 
First M. E. Church, he for eighteen years, and is 
steward of same. Ho has made his own success in 
life by strict attention to business, economy and 
thrift. When he had finished his apprenticeship, 
all he had to start on was the sum of $2.50, and 
to day he is enjoying a well-merited comfortable 

LON M. PORTER, one of the leading and 
most artistic photographers in Washington, 
of which he is a native, was born June 24, 
1858, a son of Hugh and Nancy Porter. 
Hugh was a carpenter by trade, and was married 
in 1855, in Washington county, where they were 
born. In 1863 Mr. Porter enlisted in Company A, 
Twenty second Pennsylvania Cavalry (Ringgold 
Battalion), went Smith with the regiment and died 
there of fever, at a place known as New Creek. 
His widow is still living in Washington. 

Lon M. Porter when a boy attended the Soldiers 
Orphan School, I'uiontown, Penn , for five years, 
and then coming to Washington, learned the 
photographic art in the studio of John H. Rogers, 
later working for J. W. Roth well. In 1S7S he 
went to Pittsburgh, where he improved himself 
yet more in the art, in the far- famed gallery of 
Dalibs, remaining some time, and then proceeded 
to Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York, making 
an extended trip to the West and South before he 
returned to Washington. This was in April, 1883 
Here for one year and a half lie worked for S. G. 
Rogers, in the same establishment, where he had 
learned the business; then moved to Canonsburg, 
benight a gallery and carried on a profitable busi 
mi'^ there for six years. In the meantime he 
bought Mr. Rogers' studio in Washington, and for 
Mime months conducted both businesses, but since 
August. [891, he has devoted his entire personal 
attention to his widely patronized, thoroughly 
equipped gallery at No. 143 South Main street, in 

Mr. Porter is eminently qualified for his busi 
ness, having had excellent training and varied ex 
perience. His work is of the best quality, and his 
patrons are among the first families of Washing- 
ton and vicinity. Politically, he is a Republican, 
socially, a member of the Masonic Lodge and 
Chapter and a member of the Royal Arcanum. 
Em several years he was a member of the National 
Guards, belonging to the First Regiment of Phila- 
delphia. His father died June 20, 1865, aged 
thirty five, the mother is still living, aged fifty -five, 
while but one sister, Mrs. Andrew Brady, is living, 
her residence being at Cornwall, Penn. One 
brother who died April 4, 1892, lived in Allegheny 

| first recorded history of the Strouss family 
' in the United States was enacted in North 
ampton county, Penn. David Strouss and 
wife came over from Leipsic, Germany, about the 
year 1750. Of this date we are not quite certain, 
but there is conclusive evidence that they sailed 
about the middle of the eighteenth century. 

David Strouss was a musician and also some- 
uh t of a tighter. He was chorister in the German 
Lutheran Church, and took up arms with his 
adopted fellow countrymen in the war of the Rev- 
olution. That he was a soldier worthy of the 
name, we know from the fact that he was made 
colonel under Washington. After the war he 
settled down to quiet farm life in Northampton 
county. His son, John Strouss, moved to Al 
legheny county, Penn., in 1806. He was a mill 
wright by trade, but as he grew older, country life 
and bucolic charms increased in attractiveness to 
him, and he started West for his fortune. He 
pitched his family tent on a little creek in Al 
legheny county, about twenty miles northwest of 
Pittsburgh, now the junction of Allegheny, Beaver 
and Washington counties. Here he spent the re- 
mainder of his days. When asked by his children 
later in life, why he did not settle nearer the con- 
tinence of the two rivers, he would reply: " I could 
see no great advantages then. Pittsburgh was only 
a few houses near an old fort. One cart load of 
produce would supply its daily demand, and if we 
shipped down the river we were obliged to walk 
back or row up stream, which was slower and 
harder work than walking." So he concluded to 
go farther into the country and establish a little 
kingdom of his own. We can look back and say: 
" What a mistake he made." But, perhaps - , our 
conclusion would be too hasty. Viewed from a 
financial point of view, doubtless it was a mistake; 
but when we consider the fact that the thread of 
life has been spun to an unusual length to almost 
all the descendants of this line, we may credit it 



to pure air, sanitary living, and muscle-making 
necessities of this pioneer farmer. 

John Strouss married Mary Schnip, September 
10, 1795, and there were born to them four sons 
and five daughters: Lydia, Elizabeth, Jonas, John, 
David, Mary, Simon S., Hannah and Martha. 
Mary Strouss died in 1815, and John was married, 
the second time, to Annie McCoy. There were 
born to him of this marriage three sons: William. 
James and Henry. Of these seven sons, Dr. Simon 
S- Strouss (whose likeness appears with this sketch) 
was the youngest of the first marriage. From this 
brief history of ancestry we can form an idea of 
the limited pleasures, and opportunities for any- 
thing else than farm work, that fell to him in liis 
youth. The paterfamilias and his wife and twelve 
children all believed and practiced strict economy, 
and the daily catechism of hard work, relieved on 
Sundays by the austere principles and rigorous oh 
servance of "Blue-Stocking" Presbyterianism, 
which creed, slightly modified, lias been adhered 
to by nearly all this large family. 

Dr. Strouss was born in Allegheny county, Peuu., 
Wednesday, January 10, 1810. His educational 
advantages were necessarily quite limited. Even 
public schools were unthonght of in his neighbor 

1 d, and he was obliged to search a few of not 

the best books and pamphlets for his little store of 
general knowledge. Finally, to his great delight, 
a Latin school was stalled in Hopewell church, 
near his father's farm, and he, having expressed a 
preference for the medical profession, was per 
mitted to, study this dry language in all its orig 
inal dryness, for a few mouths. Thus equipped, 
as to his mental outfit, he came to Washington 
county and read medicine with Dr. Jonathan Leth- 
erman, who at that time had an office near Canons 
burg. On a faded sheet of old fashioned letter 
paper we find the following: " To all whom it may 
concern: This is to certify that Simon Strouss has 
attentively and diligently studied the science of 
medicine, including anatomy, surgery, midwifery, 
and therapeutics, and I can further stale that his 
moral character is unimpeachable. February 20, 
1831. Jonathan Letherman, M. D." This was 
his diploma, and now he starts out in the world, 
fully equipped, as Dr. Strouss. He first went to 
Pittsburgh, and practiced about one year with Dr. 
Wray, of that city. In 1832 and 1833 he prac- 
ticed in Beaver couuty, located in what is now 
Independence (then Hopewell) township. He 
left there in the fall of 1833 and established an 
office in Amity, Amwell township, Washington Co., 
Penn. It was there that a long and useful life 
was spent, in service to his fellow-men. He was 
eminently successful in every sense of the word. 
Beloved by his clients and respected by all with 
whom he came in contact. Compared with pres- 
ent customs, his remuneration for service was 

small; yet his practice became so extensive that lie 
accumulated a comfortable fortune. With this he 
was liberal to the end of his days. The unfortu 
nate always found a sympathizing helper, and of 
his church he was a strong moral and financial 

Dr. Strouss first married, August 12, 1836, Jane 
F. Dodd, who was the oldest in the family of nine 
children of Rev. Cephas Dodd, viz.: Jane F.; 
Sarah; Thaddeus, M D. ; Cornelia; Elizabeth; 
Hannah; James F. ; Cephas, M. D. ; and Elias F.. 
M. D. Their father was the son of Rev. Thaddeus 
Dodd, the founder and first pastor of Upper and 
Lower Ten-Mile Churches. Washington county: 
Rev. Dodd commenced his labor there in 1777. 
and later in his work was one of the principal 
actors in the establishing of what is now Washing 
ton and Jefferson College. Mrs. Strouss died 
Thursday. August 13, 18(53. There were born of 
this marriage two sons and five daughters. Dr. 
Strouss was married, the second time, March 12, 
lsf'iS. to Mrs. Anne Conger (nee Anne Day). 
There were no children of this marriage. Of the 
seven children we record the following: Hanna D., 
born September 20, 1S.17, .lied September 29, 
1S43; Mary Jane, born March 26, 1839; Cephas 
D.. born January 1, 1841, died September 26, 
1843; Martha Elizabeth, born November 19, 1843; 
John D., still-born; Sarah Ann. born March 13, 
1846; Ruth D.,born June 11, 1848, died October 
3, 1858. Of these, Mary Jane married William 
C. Condit. July 8. 1858; Martha Elizabeth mar- 
ried Demas McCollum, December 4, 1863; Sarah 
Ann married David B. Baker, March 2, 1865. 
These three daughters settled on farms given them 
by their father, and are still living in Washington 
county. Dr. Strouss died Tuesday, April 24, 
1883, and his wife on Wednesday, May 16, 1883. 
Thus within three weeks this beloved old man and 
his worthy wife passed away, breaking the Strouss 
line in this branch of the family as no sons were 
left to carry the name. 

The life of Dr. Strouss was one of undeniable 
consistency, and in his old age there was allotted 
to him the esteem and regard that true worth 
justly merits. He was jovial, kind hearted and 
earnest. Always willing to sacrifice personal com 
fort and consideration for a suffering patient. He 
early acquired a practice that extended to a radius 
of twelve or fifteen miles from his office. There 
was considerable of a German element in his 
looality, and they still reverence the memory of 
Dr. Strouss. His pills and drops were a panacea 
for all their ailments. Many of them affirm that 
even his jolly presence was enough to put one be- 
yond the notice of suffering. Although he never 
read psychology, yet he understood the influence 
of mind over matter, and the power of the will. 
He had the true secret of the practitioner. This 



was best eviuced iu bis treatment of fevers, in 
wbicb be was eminently successful; often being 
called as council, especially in such eases to other 
localities. He was an earnest, active follower of 
the Master, always at bis place with heart and 
purse in the Presbyterian Church of Lower Ten- 
Mile. He did bis life work well, and has left us 
a noble example of an upright, useful and honor 
able life. 

As a rule, Dr. Strouss never speculated or tam- 
pered with the vagaries of fortune. Once he was 
tempted by the Western sheep craze, and ventured 
some capital; but finding himself losing, be with- 
drew, and devoted himself more exclusively to his 
chosen profession. He has gone to his reward, 
and to us, his descendants, there is left a sacred 
memory and Christian example. May we strive 
toward true merit as he did, and preserve the 
mantle be has left to us, with his benediction, un- 
sullied from dishonor's pollution. For the name 
and honor is ours to carry before the searching 
eyes of an exacting world. This feeble tribute we 
offer as a token of our undying gratitude, love and 

| This sketch is from the pen of 8. S. B, 

THE McCRACKEN FAMILY. The natives of 
the Highlands of Scotland have, the world 
over, a reputation second to none for robust- 
ness, bravery, honesty and loyalty, and the 
McCrackeus in this county, with proper 
pride, claim descent from such nobility of the his- 
toric soil of " Caledonia, stern and wild.'' 

Many years ago, during religious persecutions 
in Scotland, a portion, if not all, of the clan Mc- 
Crackeii left their heather clad hills for the North 
of Ireland, where, with many more of their self- 
exiled countrymen, they built: up a new home in 
which they were free to worship according to their 
own old Presb3'teriau customs, without let or 
hindrance. From this place emigrated to America, 
in 1793, Andrew McCracken, fol